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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241509/the-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-allergic-rhinitis-further-epidemiological-evidence-from-changchun-northeastern-china
#1
Bo Teng, Xuelei Zhang, Chunhui Yi, Yan Zhang, Shufeng Ye, Yafang Wang, Daniel Q Tong, Binfeng Lu
With the continuous rapid urbanization process over the last three decades, outdoors air pollution has become a progressively more serious public health hazard in China. To investigate the possible associations, lag effects and seasonal differences of urban air quality on respiratory health (allergic rhinitis) in Changchun, a city in Northeastern China, we carried out a time-series analysis of the incidents of allergic rhinitis (AR) from 2013 to 2015. Environmental monitoring showed that PM2.5 and PM10 were the major air pollutants in Changchun, followed by SO₂, NO₂ and O₃...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241002/frequency-of-internet-addiction-and-development-of-social-skills-in-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-lima
#2
Carlos Orlando Zegarra Zamalloa, Maria Sofía Cuba Fuentes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of Internet addiction and its relationship with the development of social skills in adolescents in the town of Condevilla, district of San Martin de Porres, Lima - Peru. METHODS: The degree of social skills and level of internet use was evaluated in adolescents from 10 to 19 years of 5th to 11th grades in two secondary schools in the town of Condevilla. Classrooms were randomly selected, and the questionnaires were applied to all adolescents...
January 30, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240032/exploring-the-interaction-of-activity-limitations-with-context-systems-community-and-personal-factors-in-accessing-public-health-care-services-a-presentation-of-south-african-case-studies
#3
Gubela Mji, Stine H Braathen, Richard Vergunst, Elsje Scheffler, Janis Kritzinger, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Surona Visagie
BACKGROUND: There are many factors that influence access to public health services, such as the context people live in, the existing health services, and personal, cultural and community factors. People with disabilities (activity limitations), through their experience of health services, may offer a particular understanding of the performance of the health services, thus exposing health system limitations more clearly than perhaps any other health service user. AIM: This article explores how activity limitations interact with factors related to context, systems, community and personal factors in accessing public health care services in South Africa...
February 8, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239667/disregard-of-neurological-impairments-associated-with-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-africa
#4
Emmanuel Quansah, Esther Sarpong, Thomas K Karikari
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect people in the bottom billion poorest in the world. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. While the World Health Organization recognizes seventeen priority NTDs, the list of conditions present in Africa and elsewhere that are eligible to be classified as NTDs is much longer. Although NTDs are generally marginalized, their associated neurological burden has been almost completely disregarded...
June 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239459/effects-of-individual-household-and-community-characteristics-on-child-nutritional-status-in-the-slums-of-urban-bangladesh
#5
Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Shams El Arifeen, Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Shusmita H Khan, Nitai Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh urban population is expected to overtake rural population by 2040, and a significant part of the increase will be in slums. Wide disparities between urban slums and the rest of the country can potentially push country indicators off track unless the specific health and nutrition needs of the expanding slum communities are addressed. The study aims at describing the individual, household and community determinants of undernutrition status among children living in major urban strata, viz...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#6
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239007/inadequate-cancer-screening-lack-of-provider-continuity-is-a-greater-obstacle-than-medical-mistrust
#7
Lauren D Arnold, Martha M McGilvray, J Kyle Cooper, Aimee S James
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities and low-income individuals are generally less likely to have adequate cancer screening than Whites or higher-income individuals. PURPOSE: To examine the roles of medical mistrust and lack of provider continuity in cancer screening in a low-income minority population. METHODS: A total of 144 urban federally qualified health center patients completed a cross-sectional survey that included the Group Based Medical Mistrust Scale and questions on provider continuity and cancer-screening-history...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239004/cancer-mortality-in-the-mississippi-delta-region-descriptive-epidemiology-and-needed-future-research-and-interventions
#8
Whitney E Zahnd, Wiley D Jenkins, Georgia S Mueller-Luckey
The Delta Region is a federally designated, socioeconomically disadvantaged region of the United States covering 252 counties in eight states along the Mississippi River. The objective of this study is to describe the Region's cancer mortality burden. National Center for Health Statistics data were used to calculate age-adjusted mortality rates and rate ratios for the Delta Region for all cancers, lung, colorectal, breast (female), cervical, and prostate cancers. Rates were also calculated for comparison groups, and were stratified by gender, race, rurality, and socioeconomic status...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238719/the-contribution-of-poor-and-rural-populations-to-national-trends-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-analyses-of-cross-sectional-surveys-from-64-countries
#9
Cesar G Victora, Aluisio J D Barros, Giovanny V A França, Inácio C M da Silva, Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Coverage levels for essential interventions aimed at reducing deaths of mothers and children are increasing steadily in most low-income and middle-income countries. We assessed how much poor and rural populations in these countries are benefiting from national-level progress. METHODS: We analysed trends in a composite coverage indicator (CCI) based on eight reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in 209 national surveys in 64 countries, from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238433/impact-of-temperature-variation-on-mortality-an-observational-study-from-12-counties-across-hubei-province-in-china
#10
Yunquan Zhang, Chuanhua Yu, Junzhe Bao, Xudong Li
BACKGROUND: Compared with cold- and heat-related health impacts, the evidence was very limited in assessing the mortality effects of temperature variation (TV) accounting for both intra-day and inter-day changes in temperature. OBJECTIVE: We used a newly proposed composite indicator of intra-day and inter-day TV and evaluated TV-mortality associations in Hubei, China at the provincial level. METHODS: Daily mortality and meteorological data during 2009-2012 were obtained from 12 urban and rural counties across Hubei Province in China...
February 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238193/applying-the-theory-of-reasoned-action-to-understanding-teen-pregnancy-with-american-indian-communities
#11
Elizabeth A Dippel, Jessica D Hanson, Tracey R McMahon, Emily R Griese, DenYelle B Kenyon
Objectives American Indian girls have higher teen pregnancy rates than the national rate. Intervention studies that utilize the Theory of Reasoned Action have found that changing attitudes and subjective norms often leads to subsequent change in a variety of health behaviors in young adults. The current study goal is to better understand sexual decision-making among American Indian youth using the Theory of Reasoned Action model and to introduce ways to utilize attitudes and subjective norms to modify risky behaviors...
February 25, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237846/decision-support-for-water-quality-management-of-contaminants-of-emerging-concern
#12
Astrid Fischer, Thomas Ter Laak, Jan Bronders, Nele Desmet, Ekkehard Christoffels, Annemarie van Wezel, Jan Peter van der Hoek
Water authorities and drinking water companies are challenged with the question if, where and how to abate contaminants of emerging concern in the urban water cycle. The most effective strategy under given conditions is often unclear to these stakeholders as it requires insight into several aspects of the contaminants such as sources, properties, and mitigation options. Furthermore the various parties in the urban water cycle are not always aware of each other's requirements and priorities. Processes to set priorities and come to agreements are lacking, hampering the articulation and implementation of possible solutions...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237635/prevent-dm-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-lifestyle-intervention-and-metformin
#13
Matthew J O'Brien, Alberly Perez, Adam B Scanlan, Victor A Alos, Robert C Whitaker, Gary D Foster, Ronald T Ackermann, Jody D Ciolino, Carol Homko
INTRODUCTION: Although the Diabetes Prevention Program and other clinical trials demonstrated the efficacy of intensive lifestyle interventions (ILI) and metformin to prevent type 2 diabetes, no studies have tested their comparative effects in pragmatic settings. This study was designed to compare the real-world effectiveness of ILI, metformin, and standard care among Hispanic women (Latinas) with prediabetes. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two Latinas, who had a mean hemoglobin A1c of 5...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237517/characterization-of-manganese-bearing-particles-in-the-vicinities-of-a-manganese-alloy-plant
#14
Ana Hernández-Pellón, Ignacio Fernández-Olmo, Frédéric Ledoux, Lucie Courcot, Dominique Courcot
Numerous studies have associated air manganese (Mn) exposure with negative health effects, primarily neurotoxic disorders. Despite there is not a specific European regulation, institutions such as the World Health Organization (WHO) have proposed an annual average guideline value of 150 ng/m(3). Bioaccessibility and toxicity mechanisms of Mn remain unclear, however it is generally agreed that adverse health effects are strongly linked to particle size and morphology, chemical composition and oxidation state...
February 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237309/impact-of-climate-change-on-heat-related-mortality-in-jiangsu-province-china
#15
Kai Chen, Radley M Horton, Daniel A Bader, Corey Lesk, Leiwen Jiang, Bryan Jones, Lian Zhou, Xiaodong Chen, Jun Bi, Patrick L Kinney
A warming climate is anticipated to increase the future heat-related total mortality in urban areas. However, little evidence has been reported for cause-specific mortality or nonurban areas. Here we assessed the impact of climate change on heat-related total and cause-specific mortality in both urban and rural counties of Jiangsu Province, China, in the next five decades. To address the potential uncertainty in projecting future heat-related mortality, we applied localized urban- and nonurban-specific exposure response functions, six population projections including a no population change scenario and five Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), and 42 temperature projections from 21 global-scale general circulation models and two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs)...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236688/interventions-and-working-relationships-of-voluntary-organisations-for-diabetes-self-management-a-cross-national-study
#16
Mari Carmen Portillo, Anne Kennedy, Elka Todorova, Elena Regaira, Michel Wensing, Christina Foss, Christos Lionis, Ivaylo Vassilev, Valentin Goev, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has become a challenging health priority globally. Given the tensions of financially burdened health systems in Europe the mobilisation of community resources like voluntary organisations and community groups is seen as a health policy strategy to sustain the management of long-term conditions like diabetes. However, little is known about how this is happening in practice in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To explore diabetes self-management interventions undertaken or promoted by voluntary organisations and community groups in Europe; and describe the types of working relationships between these organisations, European health systems and users when implementing diabetes self-management programmes in different areas...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236627/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-egyptian-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-dempu-survey
#17
Mona Hassan, Noha Musa, Rehab Abdel Hai, Ashgan Fathy, Amany Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a serious chronic illness that imposes significant morbidity and mortality with a major impact on the quality of life (QoL) that became a core issue in diabetes care. Understanding the effect of diabetes on QoL is important for day-to-day clinical management and also for public health policy initiatives aiming at improving health outcomes for those with diabetes. The objective of the study was to assess the QoL in adolescents with T1D and assess the applicability of the use of the "Quality of Life for Youth" questionnaire at the Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU) clinic...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236483/pollution-characteristics-and-risk-assessment-of-human-exposure-to-oral-bioaccessibility-of-heavy-metals-via-urban-street-dusts-from-different-functional-areas-in-chengdu-china
#18
Han-Han Li, Liu-Jun Chen, Lin Yu, Zhong-Bao Guo, Chun-Qiao Shan, Jian-Qing Lin, Yang-Guang Gu, Zhan-Biao Yang, Yuan-Xiang Yang, Ji-Rong Shao, Xue-Mei Zhu, Zhang Cheng
Urban street dusts were collected in commercial area (CA), traffic area (TA), educational area (EA), residential area (RA) and parks area (PA) of Chengdu, China, to investigate the concentrations of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd and Cr), and analyzed to evaluated possible sources and health risk assessment. The average concentrations (mg/kg) of Pb (82.3), Zn (296), Cu (100), Cd (1.66) and Cr (84.3) in urban street dusts were all higher than the local soil background values. The concentrations of heavy metals in each functional area could be classified as follows: CA>TA>RA>EA>PA...
February 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235961/distributions-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-socioeconomically-and-racially-diverse-sample
#19
Carrington R Wendell, Shari R Waldstein, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differential subgroup vulnerability to subclinical cardiovascular disease is likely, and yet few, if any, studies have addressed interactive relations of age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status (SES) to these conditions to examine nuances of known health disparities. We examined distributions of carotid atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in a socioeconomically diverse, biracial, urban sample. METHODS: Participants (n=2270) in the population-based HANDLS study (Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity Across the Life Span; 30-64 years old, 44% men, 57% African American, 39% with household income <125% federal poverty threshold) underwent carotid intimal medial thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity assessment...
February 24, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235678/kerosene-a-toddler-s-sin-a-five-years-study-at-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-india
#20
Utsav Parekh, Sanjay Gupta
Acute kerosene poisoning is a preventable health problem in children perceived mainly in developing countries. It influences socioeconomic and cultural status of country due to its contribution in morbidity and mortality. As kerosene is widely used as household energy source in India at rural areas as well as urban, it accounts for significant number of poisoning cases mainly accidental in manner. As there are only handful studies from India on kerosene poisoning in children, we planned this study to evaluate incidence of kerosene poisoning in Western Indian population and its clinico-epidemiotoxicological profile...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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