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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728397/effects-of-dietary-valine-lysine-ratio-on-the-performance-amino-acid-composition-of-tissues-and-mrna-expression-of-genes-involved-in-branched-chain-amino-acid-metabolism-of-weaned-piglets
#1
Yetong Xu, Xiaokang Ma, Chunli Wang, Mingfeng Yuan, Xiangshu Piao
Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary standard ileal digestible (SID) valine:lysine ratios on performance, intestinal morphology, amino acids of liver and muscle, plasma indices and mRNA expression of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism enzymes. Methods: A total of 144 crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Large White) weaned at 28 ± 4 days of age (8.79 ± 0.02 kg body weight) were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 diets formulated to provide SID valine: lysine ratios of 50, 60, 70 or 80%...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728350/the-association-between-smoking-or-passive-smoking-and-cardiovascular-diseases-using-a-bayesian-hierarchical-model-based-on-the-2008-2013-korea-community-health-survey
#2
WhanHee Lee, SungHee Hwang, HaYoung Choi, Ho Kim
Objectives: Smoking and passive smoking have been extensively reported as risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite the biological mechanisms underlying the impact of hazardous chemical substances contained in tobacco in cardiovascular diseases, studies investigating the association between smoking and passive smoking with morbidity are at an inchoate stage in Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the risks of smoking and passive smoking on cardiovascular morbidity at the national and regional levels...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#3
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Objectives: Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. There is not a comprehensive picture of the health status and work-related hazards among Iranian farmers. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published until March 2017...
July 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728328/reconstruction-of-large-facial-defects-via-excision-of-skin-cancer-using-two-or-more-regional-flaps
#4
Dong Min Lee, Yong Chan Bae, Su Bong Nam, Seong Hwan Bae, June Seok Choi
BACKGROUND: Free-flap surgery and skin grafting can be used to reconstruct large facial defects that may result after skin cancer removal by Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). However, these two methods may produce low postsurgical patient satisfaction with aesthetics, and free-flap surgery may produce an undue burden for the majority of skin cancer patients, who are of advanced age. Hence, the authors examined outcomes of large facial defect reconstruction using multiple flaps. METHODS: Among patients undergoing MMS for skin cancer at Pusan National University Hospital between January 2013 and December 2015, we evaluated 7 patients (2 males, 5 females; average age, 73...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728305/-incidence-and-mortality-of-stomach-cancer-in-china-2013
#5
S W Zhang, Z X Yang, R S Zheng, H M Zeng, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2013, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 347 cancer registries that submitted stomach cancer incidence and deaths occurred in 2013 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 255 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural), sex, and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2013, the nationwide incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728280/-the-problems-and-challenges-in-the-current-eye-health-management-in-china
#6
H D Zou
The core goal of "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Eye Health (2016 to 2020)" is to obtain eye health. At present, there are still several problems hampering Chinese eye health management system development, including the lack of top policy design, system protection and financial investment, weak support from primary health care institutions, other medical disciplines and social forces, and insufficient digital information. To achieve effective eye health management, it is necessary to address the sustainability of eye health management, the integrity of eye health digital information data and the feasibility of eye health payment...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728272/-the-level-of-asthma-control-in-china-from-a-national-asthma-control-survey
#7
J T Lin, W Q Wang, X Zhou, C Z Wang, M Huang, S X Cai, P Chen, Q C Lin, J Y Zhou, Y H Gu, Y D Yuan, D J Sun, X H Yang, L Yang, J M Huo, Z C Chen, P Jiang, J Zhang, X W Ye, H G Liu, H P Tang, R Y Liu, C T Liu, W Zhang, C P Hu, Y Q Chen, X J Liu, L M Dai, W Zhou, Y J Huang, J Y Xu
Objective: To assess the overall asthma control level in urban China. Methods: A multi-center, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out in 30 provinces in China (except Tibet). Asthmatic outpatients who met the inclusion criteria were recruited consecutively from 30 sub-centers from October 2015 to May 2016. Data of demographic characteristics, asthma control, asthma management, asthma exacerbations and self-management, and disease perception were collected by face-to-face interviews. Results: Totally 3 875 asthmatic outpatients were recruited...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728176/the-epidemiology-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-the-united-states
#8
Cassie A Ludwig, Tiffany A Chen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Andrew A Moshfeghi, Darius M Moshfeghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of blindness in premature and low birth weight infants. Here, the authors examine the incidence of ROP in the United States and evaluate risk factors associated with ROP development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The National Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database was queried for all newborns with and without ROP. Adjusted odds ratios were constructed for predictors of ROP using multivariate logistic regression modeling...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728174/a-global-view-on-output-and-outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-with-national-indices-of-socioeconomic-development
#9
Wei Wang, William Yan, Andreas Müller, Mingguang He
Purpose: Cataract blindness accounts for a substantial proportion of blindness worldwide. Understanding the correlations between national levels of socioeconomic development with the quantity and quality of cataract surgery may provide insight for the prioritization and resource allocation for blindness prevention programs. Methods: The relationships between human development index (HDI), gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and cataract surgical coverage (CSC) and visual outcome of cataract surgery were examined in a multinational study utilizing secondary data from the repository for Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB), World Health Organization, Global Burden of Disease, United Nations, and the World Bank...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728114/variation-in-receipt-of-pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-across-racial-ethnic-groups-a-national-study-in-the-u-s-veterans-health-administration
#10
Emily C Williams, Shalini Gupta, Anna D Rubinsky, Joseph E Glass, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Kara M Bensley, Alex H S Harris
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacologic treatment is recommended for alcohol use disorders (AUD), but most patients do not receive it. Although racial/ethnic minorities have greater AUD consequences than whites, whether AUD medication receipt varies across race/ethnicity is unknown. We evaluate this in a national sample. METHODS: Electronic health records data were extracted for all black, Hispanic, and/or white patients who received care at the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VA) during Fiscal Year 2012 and had a documented AUD diagnosis...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728094/modelling-a-budgetary-impact-analysis-for-funding-drug-based-smoking-cessation-therapies-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-spain
#11
J Rejas-Gutiérrez, E Bruguera, S Cedillo
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with high healthcare resource utilisation and cost to society. Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) exhibit high susceptibility to nicotine dependence. Varenicline, bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy are all indicated for smoking cessation; however funding by the Spanish national health system (SNHS) is limited. We modelled a budgetary impact analysis (BIA) to estimate the impact of the SNHS funding drug-based therapies for smoking cessation in smokers with MDD...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728090/remote-mood-monitoring-for-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-an-explorative-study-of-compliance-and-impact-on-mental-health-service-use-and-costs
#12
J Simon, K Budge, J Price, G M Goodwin, J R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring of mood disorders may be an effective and low resource option for patient follow-up, but relevant evidence remains very limited. This study explores real-life compliance and health services impacts of mood monitoring among patients with bipolar disorder in the UK. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder who were registered users of the True Colours monitoring system for at least 12months at study assessment were included in this retrospective cohort study (n=79)...
July 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728061/qualifying-information-on-deaths-and-serious-injuries-caused-by-road-traffic-in-five-brazilian-capitals-using-record-linkage
#13
Polyana Maria Pimenta Mandacaru, Ana Lucia Andrade, Marli Souza Rocha, Fernanda Pinheiro Aguiar, Maria Sueli M Nogueira, Anne Marielle Girodo, Ana Amélia Galas Pedrosa, Vera Lídia Alves de Oliveira, Marta Maria Malheiros Alves, Lúcia Maria Miana M Paixão, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves Silva, Otaliba Libanio de Morais Neto
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic crashes (RTC) are an important public health problem, accounting for 1.2 million deaths per year worldwide. In Brazil, approximately 40,000 deaths caused by RTC occur every year, with different trends in the Federal Units. However, these figures may be even greater if health databases are linked to police records. In addition, the linkage procedure would make it possible to qualify information from the health and police databases, improving the quality of the data regarding underlying cause of death, cause of injury in hospital records, and injury severity...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727985/comparative-study-and-analytical-verification-of-pcr-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-congenital-chagas-disease
#14
Carolina Inés Cura, Juan Carlos Ramírez, Marcelo Rodríguez, Constanza Lopez-Albízu, Lucía Irazu, Karenina Scollo, Sergio Sosa-Estani
Congenital infection is currently the first cause of new cases of Chagas disease in Argentina and nonendemic areas worldwide. Its diagnosis is of utmost importance to guarantee curative treatment. To improve such diagnosis, a transfer process of PCR tests to the national laboratory network has been initiated. We performed a comparative study of four PCR assays [two end-point PCR and two duplex real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) procedures] to detect Trypanosoma cruzi DNA in blood samples. Because satellite DNA and kinetoplastid DNA qPCR methods have the best performance and the use of two different molecular targets for confirmatory purposes has been recommended, these methods selected to perform the transfer process and, in consequence, subjected to an analytical verification protocol based on international guidelines...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727950/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-outcomes-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-u-s-adults-using-healthy-people-2020-leading-health-indicators
#15
Mitchell R Lunn, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack, William W Thompson, Michael B Blank, Baligh R Yehia
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual) adults and compare sexual minority and heterosexual populations on nine Healthy People 2020 leading health indicators (LHIs). METHODS: Using a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey (National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015) of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population (228,893,944 adults), nine Healthy People 2020 LHIs addressing health behaviors and access to care, stratified using a composite variable of sex (female, male) and sexual orientation (gay or lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual), were analyzed individually and in aggregate...
July 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727892/end-of-life-experiences-of-family-caregivers-of-deceased-patients-with-cancer-a-nation-wide-survey
#16
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroyuki Otani, Tatsuya Morita, Tomofumi Miura, Hiroki Fukahori, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the end-of-life experience of family caregivers of cancer patients, (2) to describe talking about death and dying of the patient to minor children, and (3) to examine the association of family caregivers' experiences by their characteristics and talking about death and dying of the patient. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey of bereaved family caregivers was conducted. In total, 968 questionnaires were sent to bereaved family caregivers, and 711 were completed and returned...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727887/yag-laser-vitreolysis-vs-sham-yag-vitreolysis-for-symptomatic-vitreous-floaters-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Chirag P Shah, Jeffrey S Heier
Importance: Vitreous floaters are common and can worsen visual quality. YAG vitreolysis is an untested treatment for floaters. Objective: To evaluate YAG laser vitreolysis vs sham vitreolysis for symptomatic Weiss ring floaters from posterior vitreous detachment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center, masked, sham-controlled randomized clinical trial was performed from March 25, 2015, to August 3, 2016, in 52 eyes of 52 patients (36 cases and 16 controls) treated at a private ophthalmology practice...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727859/space-flight-associated-neuro-ocular-syndrome
#18
Andrew G Lee, Thomas H Mader, C Robert Gibson, William Tarver
New and unique physiologic and pathologic systemic and neuro-ocular responses have been documented in astronauts during and after long-duration space flight. Although the precise cause remains unknown, space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS) has been adopted as an appropriate descriptive term. The Space Medicine Operations Division of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has documented the variable occurrence of SANS in astronauts returning from long-duration space flight on the International Space Station...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727851/unintentional-and-self-poisoning-mortalities-in-mexico-2000-2012
#19
Omar González-Santiago, Pilar C Morales-San Claudio, Lucia G Cantú-Cárdenas, Juan M J Favela-Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Poisoning remains a major worldwide public health problem. Mortality varies by country, region and ethnicity. The objective of this study is to analyze recent trends in poisoning mortality in the Mexican population. METHODS: Data regarding mortality induced by poisoning was obtained from a publicly available national database maintained by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography. RESULTS: During the period from 2000 to 2012, average mortality rates for unintentional and self-poisoning were 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727849/associations-between-pparg-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-essential-hypertension
#20
Gaojun Cai, Xinyong Zhang, Weijin Weng, Ganwei Shi, Sheliang Xue, Bifeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) plays an important role in the pathogenesis and maintenance of essential hypertension (EH). It has been suggested that polymorphisms of PPARG are associated with the risk of EH. However, findings to date remain controversial. To elucidate the associations between the PPARG Pro12Ala and C161T polymorphisms and EH risk, a meta-analysis was carried out. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, CNKI (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure), VIP and Wanfang databases was conducted...
2017: PloS One
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