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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936475/-jewish-participants-and-contributions-to-the-conferences-of-the-german-ophthalmological-society-during-national-socialism
#1
J M Rohrbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936468/rosiglitazone-reduces-breast-cancer-risk-in-taiwanese-female-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Chin-Hsiao Tseng
This study investigated whether rosiglitazone may affect breast cancer risk in female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan. The reimbursement database of all female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus under oral antidiabetic agents or insulin from 1996 to 2009 was retrieved from the National Health Insurance. An entry date was set on 1 January 2006 and a total of 431447 patients were followed up for breast cancer incidence till the end of 2009. Incidences for ever users, never users and subgroups of rosiglitazone dose-response parameters (tertile cutoffs of cumulative duration and cumulative dose) were calculated and hazard ratios estimated by Cox regression...
December 8, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936452/exercise-is-an-effective-treatment-for-positive-valence-symptoms-in-major-depression
#3
Marisa Toups, Thomas Carmody, Tracy Greer, Chad Rethorst, Bruce Grannemann, Madhukar H Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of symptoms domains and their response to treatment in relative isolation from diagnosed mental disorders has gained new urgency, as reflected by the National Institute of Mental Health's introduction of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). The Snaith Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) and the Motivation and Energy Inventory (MEI) are two scales measuring positive valence symptoms. We evaluated the effect of exercise on positive valence symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#4
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936395/population-based-report-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#5
Giancarlo Natalucci, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Michael Von Rhein, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Beatrice Latal, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: As the survival rate of preterm infants constantly improves, knowledge on the impact of prematurity on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for clinical and parental guidance. We aimed to assess HRQoL in a national cohort of young adolescents born very preterm, and to identify predictors for poorer HRQoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All surviving Swiss live-born children below 30weeks of gestation during the year 2000 (290 subjects) were contacted at age 12years, together with their parents (262 families)...
December 6, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936362/prevalence-of-self-reported-prescription-drug-use-in-a-national-sample-of-u-s-drivers
#6
Tara Kelley-Baker, Geetha Waehrer, Robin A Pollini
OBJECTIVE: Drug-involved driving has become an increasing concern. Although the focus has been on illegal drugs, there is evidence that prescribed medications can impair driving ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-reported prevalence of prescription drug use, including medical and nonmedical use, among a nationally representative sample of drivers and to report related driver characteristics. METHOD: As part of the 2013-2014 National Roadside Survey, drivers from 60 sites were randomly recruited and asked to complete a survey on prescription drug use...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936361/the-relationship-between-drinking-pattern-social-capital-and-area-deprivation-findings-from-the-health-survey-for-england
#7
Linda Ng Fat, Shaun Scholes, Stephen Jivraj
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the relationships between heavy episodic and drinking frequency with area-deprivation and social capital in England. METHOD: Using the Health Survey for England 2002-2006, a nationally representative crosssectional survey (N = 54,422), multilevel logistic regression models with individuals nested within primary sampling units were carried out, stratified by sex, on (a) drinkers versus nondrinkers, (b) heavy episodic drinking versus drinking less (on the heaviest drinking day), and (c) fewer than 2 drink-free days versus at least 2 drink-free days...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936351/metal-exposures-at-three-u-s-electronic-scrap-recycling-facilities
#8
Diana Ceballos, Catherine Beaucham, Elena Page
Many metals found in electronic scrap are known to cause serious health effects, including but not limited to cancer and respiratory, neurologic, renal, and reproductive damage. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention performed three health hazard evaluations at electronic scrap recycling facilities in the U.S. to characterize employee exposure to metals and recommend control strategies to reduce these exposures. We performed air, surface, and biological monitoring for metals...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936320/income-based-greenhouse-gas-emissions-of-nations
#9
Sai Liang, Shen Qu, Zeqi Zhu, Dabo Guan, Ming Xu
Accounting for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of nations is essential to understanding their importance to global climate change and help inform the policymaking on global GHG mitigation. Previous studies have made efforts to evaluate direct GHG emissions of nations (a.k.a. production-based accounting method) and GHG emissions caused by the final consumption of nations (a.k.a. consumption-based accounting method), but overlooked downstream GHG emissions enabled by primary inputs of individual nations and sectors (a...
December 9, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936288/staple-crops-biofortified-with-increased-vitamins-and-minerals-considerations-for-a-public-health-strategy
#10
Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Boitshepo Giyose
Biofortification of staple crops has been proposed as a strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition, particularly with respect to insufficient intake of vitamin A, iron, zinc, and folate. The World Health Organization, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science at the New York Academy of Sciences, convened a technical consultation entitled "Staple Crops Biofortified with Vitamins and Minerals: Considerations for a Public Health Strategy" in April 2016...
December 9, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936223/central-obesity-and-h-pylori-infection-influence-risk-of-barrett-s-esophagus-in-an-asian-population
#11
Chih-Cheng Chen, Yao-Chun Hsu, Ching-Tai Lee, Chia-Chang Hsu, Chi-Ming Tai, Wen-Lun Wang, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Chao-Tien Hsu, Jaw-Town Lin, Chi-Yang Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence rates of Barrett's esophagus (BE) in western countries are higher than Asian ones, but little is known about their difference among risk factors of BE. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations of various risk factors including central obesity, body mass index (BMI), metabolic syndrome and H. pylori infection, with BE. METHODS: A total of 161 subjects with BE were enrolled and compared to age- and gender-matched controls randomly sampled (1:4) from check-up center in same hospital...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936203/early-respiratory-infections-and-dental-caries-in-the-first-27-years-of-life-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Aino K Rantala, Ilkka T Mehtonen, Maritta S Jaakkola, Simo Näyhä, Timo T Hugg, Jouni J K Jaakkola
Early-life respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and dental caries are among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. The relations between early RTIs and development of caries in permanent teeth have not been studied earlier. We assessed childhood RTIs as potential predictors of caries in young adulthood in a 20-year prospective population-based cohort study (The Espoo Cohort Study). Information on lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) that had required hospitalization was retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge Registry (n = 1623)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936146/performance-of-clinical-screening-algorithms-for-tuberculosis-intensified-case-finding-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-western-kenya
#13
Surbhi Modi, Joseph S Cavanaugh, Ray W Shiraishi, Heather L Alexander, Kimberly D McCarthy, Barbara Burmen, Hellen Muttai, Chad M Heilig, Allyn K Nakashima, Kevin P Cain
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of symptom-based screening for tuberculosis (TB), alone and with chest radiography among people living with HIV (PLHIV), including pregnant women, in Western Kenya. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: PLHIV from 15 randomly-selected HIV clinics were screened with three clinical algorithms [World Health Organization (WHO), Ministry of Health (MOH), and "Improving Diagnosis of TB in HIV-infected persons" (ID-TB/HIV) study], underwent chest radiography (unless pregnant), and provided two or more sputum specimens for smear microscopy, liquid culture, and Xpert MTB/RIF...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936105/serogroup-and-clonal-characterization-of-czech-invasive-neisseria-meningitidis-strains-isolated-from-1971-to-2015
#14
Zuzana Jandova, Martin Musilek, Zuzana Vackova, Jana Kozakova, Pavla Krizova
BACKGROUND: This study presents antigenic and genetic characteristics of Neisseria meningitidis strains recovered from invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in the Czech Republic in 1971-2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1970 isolates from IMD, referred to the National Reference Laboratory for Meningococcal Infections in 1971-2015, were studied. All isolates were identified and characterized by conventional biochemical and serological tests. Most isolates (82...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936074/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-cognitive-impairment-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-chinese-population
#15
Pan Li, Wei Quan, Da Lu, Yan Wang, Hui-Hong Zhang, Shuai Liu, Rong-Cai Jiang, Yu-Ying Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for many vascular conditions, is associated with vascular cognitive disorders. The objective of the present study was to explore the associations of MetS and its individual components with the risks of cognitive impairment and neurological dysfunction in patients after acute stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 840 patients ranging in age from 53 to 89 years from the Tianjin area of North China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936031/schistosoma-mansoni-infections-undernutrition-and-anaemia-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-two-onshore-villages-in-rorya-district-north-western-tanzania
#16
David Zadock Munisi, Joram Buza, Emmanuel A Mpolya, Safari M Kinung'hi
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition and anaemia remains to be a major public health problem in many developing countries, where they mostly affect children. Intestinal parasitic infections are known to affect both growth and haemoglobin levels. Much has been reported on the impact of geohelminths on anaemia and undernutrition, leaving that of Schistosoma mansoni not well studied. Therefore this study intended to determine the association between S.mansoni infections, anaemia and undernutrition among schoolchildren in Rorya district, Northwestern Tanzania...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935995/into-the-bowels-of-depression-unravelling-medical-symptoms-associated-with-depression-by-applying-machine-learning-techniques-to-a-community-based-population-sample
#17
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
BACKGROUND: Depression is commonly comorbid with many other somatic diseases and symptoms. Identification of individuals in clusters with comorbid symptoms may reveal new pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment targets. The aim of this research was to combine machine-learning (ML) algorithms with traditional regression techniques by utilising self-reported medical symptoms to identify and describe clusters of individuals with increased rates of depression from a large cross-sectional community based population epidemiological study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#18
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935881/-contrast-free-mr-phlebography-as-a-method-of-screening-of-phlebothromboses-and-extravasal-compression-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-and-its-basin
#19
V V Shebryakov, G G Karmazanovsky, Yu M Stoiko, K V Mazaishvili, D K Lyutarevich, S Yu Kim, M V Fel'dsherov, M N Yashkin
The study was aimed at assessing possibilities and determining diagnostic significance of the method of contrast-free magnetic resonance phlebography (MR phlebography) in diagnosis of diseases of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and its basin. Presented herein is experience with examining a total of 74 patients at two therapeutic-diagnostic facilities: the National Medical Surgical Centre named after N.I. Pirogov and the Medical Diagnostic Centre "Ramsey Diagnostics". The studies were carried out on magnetic resonance tomographs "Philips Intera Nova" and "GE Optima MR360", using a special protocol of contrast-free MR-phlebography in consequences at free breathing, followed by 3D reconstruction and processing of the obtained images as MIP and 3D...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935803/spatiotemporal-mapping-of-cervical-cancer-incidence-highlights-need-for-targeted-prevention-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#20
Jun Zhao, Shama Virani, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: The national cervical cancer screening program in Thailand has been successful in reducing overall burden from this disease. However, evaluation on spatial and temporal scales is needed to assess the efficacy of this program in smaller regions. Here, we geographically assess incidence in a province with a uniquely heterogeneous distribution of lifestyle factors associated with religiosity. METHODS: Cervical cancer cases were extracted from the provincial cancer registry from 1989 to 2013...
October 25, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
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