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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#1
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813166/are-inner-city-children-with-asthma-receiving-specialty-care-as-recommended-in-national-asthma-guidelines
#2
Karen L Warman, Ellen J Silver
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether children with asthma in an urban healthcare network are receiving asthma specialty care, and which factors, if any, are associated with receipt of this care, including: child's racial/ethnic group, age, socio-economic status (SES), insurance, and/or acute care utilization. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of children ages 7- 17 years old who received primary care in an urban medical center in 2012 and had a primary or secondary ICD9 code for asthma...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807027/health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-brazilian-amazon-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Marcus Tolentino Silva, Monica Caicedo Roa, Tais Freire Galvao
BACKGROUND: To analyze perceptions of health-related quality of life and associated factors in populations from the Manaus Metropolitan Region. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study from May to August 2015. Adults aged 18 years and older were selected using probabilistic three-phase cluster sampling and stratified by sex and age, based on official estimates. Quality of life data were collected using the European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions 3-Levels (EQ-5D-3L) along with socioeconomic, demographic, and health perception data...
August 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803180/anxiety-contributes-to-poorer-asthma-outcomes-in-inner-city-black-adolescents
#4
Marissa R Shams, Alice C Bruce, Anne M Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: The factors associated with poor asthma control, exacerbations, and health care utilization in black adolescents are complex and not well understood. Although psychological comorbidities such as anxiety are common in patients with asthma, these have not been studied in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study characterized anxiety and associated asthma features in a cohort of black inner-city adolescents with persistent asthma and determined the association between anxiety symptoms, persistent uncontrolled asthma, and prospective health care utilization over 1 year...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794895/-smartscopy-as-an-alternative-device-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study
#5
Yusuke Tanaka, Yutaka Ueda, Akiko Okazawa, Mamoru Kakuda, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
The use of smartphones, mobile networks and associated health applications (known as apps) is now almost universal. Countries with low medical resources need assistance in their delivery of healthcare. This is particularly true where there are limited numbers of specialised physicians or nurses with respect to cancer screening. As smartphones become more universal, real-time and near-real-time expert medical consultations and telediagnosis are becoming more common. This leads us to believe that there will soon be a demand for mobile cancer screening services, which will be particularly useful for women living in rural areas or doctor-less inner city communities...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770342/subconstructs-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-multi-ethnic-inner-city-population-in-the-u-s
#6
Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Perry E Sheffield, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Jonathan Goldstein, Paul C Curtin, Rosalind J Wright
The ten-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most widely used self-report measures of postpartum depression. Although originally described as a one-dimensional measure, the recognition that depressive symptoms may be differentially experienced across cultural and racial/ethnic groups has led to studies examining structural equivalence of the EPDS in different populations. Variation of the factor structure remains understudied across racial/ethnic groups of US women. We examined the factor structure of the EPDS assessed 6 months postpartum in 515 women (29% black, 53% Hispanic, 18% white) enrolled in an urban Boston longitudinal birth cohort...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767295/our-children-our-hope-voices-of-african-american-mothers-living-with-hiv-and-rearing-uninfected-children
#7
Ruth Muze, Elijah O Onsomu
Parenting school-aged children while living with HIV has been associated with significant consequences for African American mothers. This article presents and discusses the results of a qualitative study that examined the parenting experiences of HIV-infected African American mothers rearing young children. A sample of 8 inner-city, African American mothers of uninfected preschool-aged children were interviewed individually. Interview guide questions explored day-to-day childcare activities from the mothers' perspective...
July 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760184/perceived-influences-on-farmers-market-use-among-urban-wic-enrolled-women
#8
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Karen Weber Cullen, Debbe Thompson
OBJECTIVES: We identified perceived barriers and facilitators to purchasing fruits and vegetables (FV) at farmers' markets, FV shopping practices, and reactions to a planned online lesson to promote farmers' market use among urban, inner-city WIC-enrolled women. METHODS: Thirteen focus groups were conducted with 3-5 participants each (N = 54). RESULTS: Common barriers were structural (transportation issues) and informational (not knowing the locations of markets)...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758344/characterizing-the-inpatient-care-of-young-adults-experiencing-early-psychosis-a-medical-record-review
#9
Joseph H Puyat, Renata Kamieniecki, Brenda Vaughan, Tamara Mihic, Kofi Bonnie, Jeffrey Danielson, Sierra Williams
AIM: To characterize the inpatient care received by individuals experiencing early psychotic episodes in an inner city hospital. METHOD: Medical records of patients admitted between April 01, 2013, and March 31, 2015, to a psychiatric ward at an inner city hospital were retrospectively examined. Included in the study are patients who were 25 years of age or younger and were hospitalized for psychotic symptoms. Demographics and health service use were summarized using descriptive statistics...
July 31, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748575/kidney-transplantation-in-ghana-is-the-public-ready
#10
Vincent Boima, Vincent Ganu, Dzifa Dey, Ernest Yorke, Alfred Yawson, Yvonne Otchere, Stella Nartey, Anna Gyaban-Mensah, Margaret Lartey, C Charles Mate-Kole
BACKGROUND: The burden of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is reported to be higher among people of African ancestry. Majority do not have access to kidney transplantation. Africans in general, are less likely to donate a kidney or receive a transplant. AIMS: The present study surveyed public perceptions of kidney transplantation in an inner city and suburban communities in Ghana. It examined people's willingness to either accept or donate a kidney to save a life...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#11
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742732/educational-colonoscopy-video-enhances-bowel-preparation-quality-and-comprehension-in-an-inner-city-population
#12
Ajish Pillai, Radha Menon, David Oustecky, Asyia Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Quality of bowel preparation and patient knowledge remains a major barrier for completing colorectal cancer screening. Few studies have tested unique ways to impact patient understanding centering on interactive computer programs, pictures, and brochures. Two studies explored instructional videos but focused on patient compliance and anxiety as endpoints. Furthermore, excessive video length and content may limit their impact on a broad patient population. No study so far has studied a video's impact on preparation quality and patient understanding of the colonoscopy procedure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739287/effect-of-home-exposure-to-staphylococcus-aureus-on-asthma-in-adolescents
#13
Meghan F Davis
This is the first study to find that environmental Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxins in a national population of inner-city adolescents with asthma are common and have the potential to drive asthma symptoms.
July 21, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#14
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730559/fathers-know-best-inner-city-african-american-fathers-perceptions-regarding-their-involvement-in-the-pediatric-medical-home
#15
Orville Newton-Ray Bignall, Whitney J Raglin Bignall, Lisa M Vaughn, Ndidi I Unaka
OBJECTIVE: Despite nearly three in four African American (AA) children being born to unwed mothers, AA fathers maintain relatively high levels of parenting engagement, whether or not they live with their children. While father involvement correlates with decreased adverse child health outcomes, the nature of AA father involvement in child health-including engagement in the pediatric medical home-remains largely unexplored. Our study aimed to assess perceptions of pediatric medical home participation among a cohort of urban, AA fathers...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#16
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715293/surveillance-for-antibodies-against-six-canine-viruses-in-wild-raccoons-procyon-lotor-in-japan
#17
Emiko Aoki, Takehisa Soma, Mayumi Yokoyama, Makoto Matsubayashi, Kazumi Sasai
Raccoons (Procyon lotor) are found worldwide. They are frequently seen in crowded inner cities as well as in forests or wooded areas, often living in proximity to humans and their pets. We examined sera from 100 wild raccoons in Japan for antibodies to six canine viruses with veterinary significance to assess their potential as reservoirs. We also aimed to understand the distribution of potentially infected wildlife. We found that 7% of samples were seropositive for canine distemper virus (CDV), 10% for canine parvovirus type (CPV), 2% for canine adenovirus type 1, 6% for canine adenovirus type 2, and 7% for canine coronavirus...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#18
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710413/quantifying-retail-agglomeration-using-diverse-spatial-data
#19
Duccio Piovani, Vassilis Zachariadis, Michael Batty
Newly available data on the spatial distribution of retail activities in cities makes it possible to build models formalized at the level of the single retailer. Current models tackle consumer location choices at an aggregate level and the opportunity new data offers for modeling at the retail unit level lacks an appropriate theoretical framework. The model we present here helps to address these issues. Based on random utility theory, we have built it around the idea of quantifying the role of floor-space and agglomeration in retail location choice...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709023/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-living-in-the-amazon-brazil-a-population-based-study
#20
Marcus T Silva, Mónica Caicedo Roa, Silvia S Martins, Andréa Tenório Correia da Silva, Tais F Galvao
BACKGROUND: Depression is an affective disorder and one of the main contributors to the burden of disease worldwide. Our purpose is to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and associated factors in the population of the Manaus Metropolitan Region. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study with a probabilistic three-phase sampling in 2015, based on a previously calculated sample size. Adults living in Manaus and seven inner cities of the metropolitan region were surveyed for depressive symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and a cutoff score of ≥ 9...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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