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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204765/approaches-to-multidimensional-health-in-representations-of-islamic-themes-among-black-male-characters-in-american-film-and-television
#1
Kameron J Copeland
Historically, representations of Islamic themes in media narratives of Black men have been characterized by personal transformations in the midst of surviving in crime-ridden inner city areas. These young Black men are usually at-risk due to their statuses as Black, economically disadvantaged men. Beginning with Malcolm X and Alex Haley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the Black male Islamic redemption narrative has become a common theme in Black popular culture, as it is usually supplemented with unique methods of confronting the various dimensions of health...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196477/usage-of-unscheduled-hospital-care-by-homeless-individuals-in-dublin-ireland-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, Sarah Cullivan, Jess Sears, Ann Marie Lawlee, Joe Browne, Jennifer Kieran, Ricardo Segurado, Austin O'Carroll, Fiona O'Reilly, Donnacha Creagh, Colm Bergin, Rose Anne Kenny, Declan Byrne
OBJECTIVES: Homeless people lack a secure, stable place to live and experience higher rates of serious illness than the housed population. Studies, mainly from the USA, have reported increased use of unscheduled healthcare by homeless individuals.We sought to compare the use of unscheduled emergency department (ED) and inpatient care between housed and homeless hospital patients in a high-income European setting in Dublin, Ireland. SETTING: A large university teaching hospital serving the south inner city in Dublin, Ireland...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188726/smoking-to-fit-a-stigmatised-identity-a-qualitative-study-of-marginalised-young-people-in-australia
#3
Marita Hefler, Stacy M Carter
In countries with comprehensive tobacco control, smoking is increasingly denormalised, with smokers subject to social stigmatisation. Qualitative research and commentary about denormalisation and stigma has largely focused on the impact on current or former smokers. Little attention has been given to the interaction between existing stigma among socially marginalised and disadvantaged young people and its role in smoking uptake, maintenance and resistance to quitting, or remaining a non-smoker. This article draws on a qualitative (grounded theory) study of young people aged 16-25 years who attended social services for at-risk youth in an inner city area in Australia, to explore the intersection between stigmatised identity and smoking in a context of increasing smoking denormalisation...
November 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181777/the-utilization-of-fluorescent-cholangiography-during-robotic-cholecystectomy-at-an-inner-city-academic-medical-center
#4
Sidharth Sharma, Raymond Huang, Shirley Hui, Michael C Smith, Paul J Chung, Alexander Schwartzman, Gainosuke Sugiyama
In recent years, fluorescent cholangiography using Indocyanine green (ICG) dye has been used to aid identification of structures during robotic cholecystectomy. We sought to compare cholecystectomy with ICG dye versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an inner-city academic medical center. Between January 2013 and July 2016, we identified 287 patients of which 191 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 96 patients underwent robotic cholecystectomy with ICG dye. Preoperative risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, body mass index (BMI), and acute cholecystitis...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175223/implementation-of-a-mindfulness-moment-initiative-for-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-facilitators
#5
Karen Duggan, Kell Julliard
CONTEXT: Mindfulness practices in the workplace have experienced rapid growth, with initial evidence suggesting positive outcomes. Even so, little is known about implementing mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), especially internally driven programs led by volunteers rather than experts. OBJECTIVE: This study qualitatively explores volunteer facilitators' perceptions of a short-dose MBI (the mindfulness moment initiative) before and 6 weeks after implementation...
November 23, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164743/patient-initiated-recruitment-for-clinical-research-evaluation-of-an-outpatient-letter-research-statement
#6
Matthias Wienroth, Louise Caffrey, Charles Wolfe, Christopher McKevitt
BACKGROUND: UK Hospital Trusts are charged with increasing patients' research awareness and willingness to take part in research. This includes implementing strategies to encourage patient-initiated enquiries about participation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a research statement inserted in outpatient letters in one clinical service, and to derive suggestions on potential steps towards increasing patient-initiated recruitment. SETTING: A medical outpatient clinic of a research-active hospital trust, serving an inner-city multi-ethnic population across two boroughs...
November 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154009/efficiency-of-blue-green-stormwater-retrofits-for-flood-mitigation-conclusions-drawn-from-a-case-study-in-malm%C3%A3-sweden
#7
Salar Haghighatafshar, Beatrice Nordlöf, Maria Roldin, Lars-Göran Gustafsson, Jes la Cour Jansen, Karin Jönsson
Coupled one-dimensional (1D) sewer and two-dimensional (2D) overland flow hydrodynamic models were constructed to evaluate the flood mitigation efficiency of a renowned blue-green stormwater retrofit, i.e. Augustenborg, in Malmö, Sweden. Simulation results showed that the blue-green stormwater systems were effective in controlling local surface flooding in inner-city catchments, having reduced the total flooded surfaces by about 70%. However, basement flooding could still be a potential problem depending on the magnitude of the inflows through combined sewer from upstream areas...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147978/predictors-of-client-satisfaction-with-outpatient-mental-health-clinic-services-in-italy-and-new-york
#8
Luca Pauselli, Chiara Galletti, Norma Verdolini, Enrico Paolini, Daniela Gallucci, Pierfrancesco Maria Balducci, Francesco Bernardini, Jerome H Kogan, Ruth Shim, Patrizia Moretti, Michael T Compton
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess factors associated with client satisfaction in two mental health outpatient settings in Italy and the US. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, hope, and personality characteristics were evaluated in 18-65-year-old patients who had been receiving services for at least 2 months in one of two outpatient clinics, in Italy and the US. Patients were administered: the Healthy Days Core Module, the Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress, the Verona Service Satisfaction Survey, the Client Satisfaction Inventory, the Health Service OutPatient Experience questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3...
November 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146272/obstruction-phenotype-as-a-predictor-of-asthma-severity-and-instability-in-children
#9
Ronald L Sorkness, Edward M Zoratti, Meyer Kattan, Peter J Gergen, Michael D Evans, Cynthia M Visness, Michelle Gill, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Andrew H Liu, George T O'Connor, Jacqueline A Pongracic, Dinesh Pillai, Christine A Sorkness, Alkis Togias, Robert A Wood, William W Busse
BACKGROUND: Small airways instability, resulting in premature airway closure, has been recognized as a risk for asthma severity and poor control. Although spirometry has limited sensitivity for detecting small airway dysfunction, a focus on the air-trapping component of obstruction may identify a risk factor for asthma instability. OBJECTIVE: To use spirometric measurements to identify patterns of airway obstruction in children, and define obstruction phenotypes that relate to asthma instability...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#10
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131703/expectant-inner-city-women-attitudes-about-contraception-given-infant-feeding-choice
#11
Elena Fuell Wysong, Krystel Tossone, Lydia Furman
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether low-income inner-city expectant women who intend to breastfeed make different contraceptive choices than those who intend to formula feed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study surveyed expectant women age 14 years and older receiving prenatal care at MacDonald Women's Hospital, Cleveland Ohio (01 November 2016-15 January 2017). Questions assessed knowledge and attitudes regarding infant feeding and contraception options, and postpartum feeding and contraceptive intentions...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129307/changes-in-asthma-self-management-knowledge-in-inner-city-adolescents-following-developmentally-sensitive-self-management-training
#12
Jennifer R Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Shannska Atis, Annette Grape
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of a developmentally sensitive curriculum for improving asthma self-management knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in adolescents. METHODS: Fourty-two inner-city adolescents (ages 16-20) participated in a 12hour asthma self-management training program. Self-management knowledge, attitude toward asthma, and asthma-related self-efficacy were measured using short-answer tests before and after training. T-Tests were used to evaluate impact and effect sizes were calculated...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126121/the-relationship-between-neighborhood-disorder-and-barriers-to-cessation-in-a-sample-of-impoverished-inner-city-smokers-in-baltimore-maryland-usa
#13
Carl Latkin, Ryan D Kennedy, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Lauren Czaplicki, Anirudh Baddela, Catie Edwards, Geetanjali Chander, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Amy Knowlton
Introduction: Economic disparities in rates of smoking have been well documented in many countries. These disparities exist on an individual and geographic or neighborhood level. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between neighborhood physical and social disorder and barriers to smoking cessation among an impoverished urban sample. Methods: A sample of current smokers were recruited through street outreach, posted advertisements, and word of mouth from impoverished neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland, USA for a study of psychosocial factors and smoking behaviors...
November 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111227/african-american-males-in-chicago-pathways-from-early-childhood-intervention-to-reduced-violence
#14
Alison Giovanelli, Momoko Hayakawa, Michelle M Englund, Arthur J Reynolds
PURPOSE: Extreme youth violence is a salient public health crisis in Chicago, particularly among African-American males. This article examines mechanisms through which a preschool intervention program, the Child-Parent Center program, in inner-city Chicago may divert high-risk males from pathways leading to violent criminal behavior. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis from early environmental factors to socioemotional competencies through parent involvement and achievement to violent arrest in emerging adulthood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111005/impact-of-non-guideline-based-treatment-of-status-epilepticus
#15
James Braun, Elizabeth Gau, Stacy Revelle, Laurie Byrne, Abhay Kumar
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study analyzed benzodiazepine usage patterns in relation to guideline recommendations for the treatment of generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE) as practiced by emergency medical services (EMS) and the emergency department (ED) of an inner-city hospital. Secondary outcomes of interest were adverse events and admission/discharge outcomes. METHODS: Records of all patients≥18years old diagnosed with GCSE between June 2012 and September 2015 and transported by EMS to our hospital ED were reviewed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100197/using-simulated-family-presence-to-decrease-agitation-in-older-hospitalized-delirious-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Christine M Waszynski, Kerry A Milner, Ilene Staff, Sheila L Molony
BACKGROUND: Simulated family presence has been shown to be an effective nonpharmacological intervention to reduce agitation in persons with dementia in nursing homes. Hyperactive or mixed delirium is a common and serious complication experienced by hospitalized patients, a key feature of which is agitation. Effective nonpharmacological interventions to manage delirium are needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of simulated family presence through pre-recorded video messages on the agitation level of hospitalized, delirious, acutely agitated patients...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090633/visibility-resilience-vulnerability-in-young-migrants
#17
Hannah Bradby, Kristin Liabo, Anne Ingold, Helen Roberts
Young unaccompanied asylum seekers have been portrayed as vulnerable, resilient or both. Those granted residency in Europe are offered support by health and social care systems, but once they leave the care system to make independent lives, what part can these services play? Our review of research with migrants who have been in care in Sweden and the United Kingdom found evidence of unmet need, but little research describing their own views of services. The limited published evidence, supplemented by interviews with care leavers in a UK inner city, suggests that in defining health needs, young people emphasise housing, education, employment and friendship over clinical or preventative services...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089103/the-feasibility-of-an-air-purifier-and-secondhand-smoke-education-intervention-in-homes-of-inner-city-pregnant-women-and-infants-living-with-a-smoker
#18
Jessica L Rice, Emily Brigham, Rebecca Dineen, Sadiya Muqueeth, Gena O'Keefe, Stephanie Regenold, Kirsten Koehler, Ana Rule, Meredith McCormack, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke (SHS) and other air pollutants adversely affect the health of pregnant women and infants. A feasibility study aimed at reducing air pollution in homes of pregnant women or infants living with a smoker was completed. METHODS: In collaboration with the Baltimore City Health Department, women ≥ 18 years of age and either pregnant nonsmokers, or post-partum (any smoking status) with an infant age 0-12 months were recruited. Homes had at least one smoker...
October 29, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078891/prolonged-length-of-stay-in-delayed-cholecystectomy-is-not-due-to-intraoperative-or-postoperative-contributors
#19
Misha Bhandari, Chad Wilson, Kenneth Rifkind, Charles DiMaggio, Patricia Ayoung-Chee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is superior to delayed elective cholecystectomy. Although this practice is ideal, it requires significant hospital resources, particularly for an underprivileged inner-city population at a large, municipal hospital. We sought to evaluate the implementation of same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a large, municipal hospital and assess the possible benefits of decreasing preoperative length of stay (LOS), particularly its effect on operative time and length of stay in patients with acute cholecystitis...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077998/a-pilot-study-of-reduced-olfactory-bulb-volume-as-a-marker-of-ptsd-in-childhood-trauma-exposed-adult-hiv-infected-patients
#20
Evaristus A Nwulia, Narayan Rai, Kamyar Sartip, Maria Mananita S Hipolito, Charlee K McLean, Kyla Flanagan, Flora Hamilton, Sharon Lambert, Huynh-Nhu Le, John VanMeter, Suad Kapetanovic
Evidence suggests that olfactory bulb (OB), a key structure in odor processing, may also be involved in mechanisms of traumatic stress. In animals, chronic stress reduces OB plasticity, and olfactory bulbectomy results in stress-enhanced startle reflex and autonomic dysregulation. However, OB morphometry has not been adequately studied in the development of stress disorders following childhood trauma in humans. The researchers conducted a pilot study evaluating the relationships between OB volume, childhood trauma, and lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 16 HIV-positive individuals, 13 of whom were exposed to childhood trauma of 9 developed PTSD...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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