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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#1
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220312/preventing-hiv-and-hepatitis-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-leveraging-an-indiana-outbreak-response-to-break-the-impasse
#2
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey S Crowley, Gregorio A Millett
Providing clean needles through syringe services programs (SSPs) prevents the spread of disease among people who inject drugs (PWID). The recent HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana was a wakeup call with particular significance because modeling suggests that Scott County is but one of many counties in the United States highly vulnerable to an HIV outbreak among PWID. It is a painful recognition that some policy makers ignored the evidence in support of SSPs when it was primarily blacks in inner cities that were affected, yet swung into action in the wake of Scott County where 99% of the cases were white...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219424/health-risk-assessment-of-china-s-main-air-pollutants
#3
Jian Sun, Tiancai Zhou
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of China's economy, air pollution has attracted public concern because of its harmful effects on health. METHODS: The source apportioning of air pollution, the spatial distribution characteristics, and the relationship between atmospheric contamination, and the risk of exposure were explored. The in situ daily concentrations of the principal air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO and O3) were obtained from 188 main cities with many continuous air-monitoring stations across China (2014 and 2015)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214449/-they-treated-me-like-crap-and-i-know-it-was-because-i-was-native-the-healthcare-experiences-of-aboriginal-peoples-living-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#4
Ashley Goodman, Kim Fleming, Nicole Markwick, Tracey Morrison, Louise Lagimodiere, Thomas Kerr
There is growing evidence that Aboriginal peoples often experience healthcare inequalities due to racism. However, research exploring the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit substances is limited, and research rarely accounts for how multiple accounts of stigma intersect and contribute to the experiences of marginalized populations. Our research aimed to explore the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit drugs and or illicit alcohol (APWUID/A) living in Vancouver's inner city...
January 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211095/tooth-loss-among-the-elders-in-an-inner-city-area-of-ibadan-nigeria
#5
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204760/the-effect-of-initiatives-to-overcome-language-barriers-and-improve-attendance-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-adherence-in-an-inner-city-chronic-pain-clinic
#6
Michael H Andreae, Robert S White, Kelly Yan Chen, Singh Nair, Charles Hall, Naum Shaparin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198339/sexual-health-of-women-aged-40-and-over-attending-an-inner-city-integrated-sexual-health-clinic
#7
Patrice Grech, Rebecca Marchant, Mannampallil Samuel
Sexual health policy remains focussed on younger adults. However, rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in older people continue to increase. We explored the sexual healthcare needs of women aged 40 and over attending an integrated sexual health clinic in South London. We conducted a retrospective case note review and found that almost 20% of these women had STIs. These included genital herpes, trichomoniasis, genital warts, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Less than a quarter of women reported use of condoms during most recent sexual contact, indicating sexual risk-taking behaviour...
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190541/predictors-of-adherence-to-follow-up-recommendations-after-an-abnormal-pap-smear-among-underserved-inner-city-women
#8
Suzanne M Miller, Erin K Tagai, Kuang-Yi Wen, Minsun Lee, Siu-Kuen Azor Hui, Deirdre Kurtz, John Scarpato, Enrique Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify cognitive-affective predictors of adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy and 6-month follow-up recommendations among underserved women. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was completed of a randomized clinical trial assessing tailored telephone counseling for colposcopy adherence after an abnormal screening Pap smear among 210 underserved inner-city women. RESULTS: Adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy was significantly associated with greater self-efficacy (OR=1...
January 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175045/p334-medication-adherence-in-diverse-inner-city-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-comparison-to-physician-perception-of-adherence
#9
J Ferreira, S Thomas, G Tomer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168544/the-urban-dental-index-a-method-for-measuring-and-mapping-dental-health-disparities-across-urban-areas
#10
Emily Coles, Estie Kruger, Abed Aktam Anjrini, Marc Tennant
The aim of this study was to create an Urban Dental Index (UDI) for Perth, Western Australia, adapting a method utilised by the World Health Organisation. Dental health indicators were derived from the 2011 census, standardised on a (0,1) interval, amalgamated using a geometric mean, and mapped to identify dental health inequity. The validity of the UDI was tested by comparison with oral cellulitis data. Dental health disparities were examined using a ratio of the mean of the highest to lowest decile and slope of the eight middle deciles...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166446/use-of-intranasal-naloxone-by-basic-life-support-providers
#11
Scott G Weiner, Patricia M Mitchell, Elizabeth S Temin, Breanne K Langlois, K Sophia Dyer
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Intranasal delivery of naloxone to reverse the effects of opioid overdose by Advanced Life Support (ALS) providers has been studied in several prehospital settings. In 2006, in response to the increase in opioid-related overdoses, a special waiver from the state allowed administration of intranasal naloxone by Basic Life Support (BLS) providers in our city. This study aimed to determine: 1) if patients who received a 2-mg dose of nasal naloxone administered by BLS required repeat dosing while in the emergency department (ED), and 2) the disposition of these patients...
February 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164817/primary-care-issues-in-inner-city-america-and-internationally
#12
REVIEW
Ramon Cancino
Inner-city patient populations are high-risk for poor outcomes, including increased risk of mortality. Barriers to delivering high-quality primary care to inner-city patients include lack of access, poor distribution of primary care providers (PCPs), competing demands, and financial restraints. Health care issues prevalent in this population include obesity, diabetes, cancer screening, asthma, infectious diseases, and obstetric and prenatal care. Population health management and quality improvement (QI) activities must target disparities in care...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161040/heavy-pollution-episodes-transport-pathways-and-potential-sources-of-pm2-5-during-the-winter-of-2013-in-chengdu-china
#13
Tingting Liao, Shan Wang, Jie Ai, Ke Gui, Bolong Duan, Qi Zhao, Xiao Zhang, Wanting Jiang, Yang Sun
Air mass concentration data from 8 environmental quality monitoring sites and meteorological data of Chengdu from 1 December 2013 to 28 February 2014 were used in this study. Chengdu suffered five continuous heavy pollutions during this winter due to the basin terrain and the meteorological conditions of low wind speed, low precipitation and high relative humidity. Analysing the hourly resolution time series of pollutants' concentrations, variation of PM2.5 in the urban area followed a growing "saw-tooth cycle" pattern during the heavy pollution, with a daily cycle of bimodal distribution...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156662/the-inclusion-of-palliative-care-in-initial-treatment-planning-for-women-with-gynecologic-cancer-and-the-use-of-advanced-directives
#14
William Robinson, William R Robinson
: 23 Background: To determine differences in Advanced Directive (AD) utilization among women with gynecologic cancer at a facility with a functioning Palliative Care (PC) program, vs those in a facility without access to a PC program. Also, to identify possible ethnic differences or relationships to other PC needs to AD utilization. METHODS: 95 subjects with gynecologic cancer were prospectively identified, 30 from an inner-city academic facility (Site A), and 65 from a suburban community facility in the same metropolitan area...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145128/small-prizes-improve-food-selection-in-a-school-cafeteria-without-increasing-waste
#15
Michelle E Hudgens, Allison S Barnes, Mary Kate Lockhart, Samantha C Ellsworth, Monna Beckford, Robert M Siegel
We recently demonstrated that small prizes given for a "Power Plate" (plain fat-free milk, entrée, fruit and vegetable) can be used in an elementary school cafeteria to increase healthful food selection by over 300%. The purpose of this study was to measure changes in food waste when the Power Plate (PP) program is implemented. The PP intervention was conducted at an inner-city elementary school. Emoticons were placed next to the preferred foods and children were given a small prize if they selected the PP...
February 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144869/monitoring-the-changes-in-impervious-surface-ratio-and-urban-heat-island-intensity-between-1987-and-2011-in-szeged-hungary
#16
László Henits, László Mucsi, Csilla Mariann Liska
Landsat time series data make it possible to continuously map and examine urban land cover changes and effects on urban environments. The objectives of this study are (1) to map and analyse an impervious surface and its changes within a census district and (2) to monitor the effects of increasing impervious surface ratios on population and environment. We used satellite images from 1987, 2003 and 2011 to map the impervious surface ratio in the census district of Szeged, Hungary through normalized spectral mixture analysis...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144702/endovascular-thrombectomy-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-outcome-in-referred-versus-directly-admitted-patients
#17
Philipp Bücke, Marta Aguilar Pérez, Elisabeth Schmid, Christian H Nolte, Hansjörg Bäzner, Hans Henkes
PURPOSE: Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (mTE) in acute ischemic stroke due to large cerebral artery occlusion is effective and safe. The procedure is currently offered by specialized hospitals. Physicians from smaller hospitals need to refer patients to stroke centers. Secondary referrals involve delays for transportation. Little is known about effects of distant referrals on outcome and complications as compared to direct admittance. METHODS: To evaluate the effects of referral patterns on outcome and safety, we analyzed 941 patients with anterior circulation stroke receiving mTE between January 2010 and December 2015...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135693/community-based-participatory-research-in-a-heavily-researched-inner-city-neighbourhood-perspectives-of-people-who-use-drugs-on-their-experiences-as-peer-researchers
#18
Will Damon, Cody Callon, Lee Wiebe, Will Small, Thomas Kerr, Ryan McNeil
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has become an increasingly common approach to research involving people who use(d) drugs (PWUD), who are often employed as peer researchers on these projects. This paper seeks to understand the impact of CBPR on PWUD, particularly those living in heavily researched and stigmatized neighbourhoods where CBPR projects are often located. This study draws on 14 in-depth interviews with PWUD who had previous experience as both peer researchers and research participants in CBPR projects conducted between July 2010 and February 2011...
January 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135613/impacts-on-air-pollution-and-health-by-changing-commuting-from-car-to-bicycle
#19
Christer Johansson, Boel Lövenheim, Peter Schantz, Lina Wahlgren, Peter Almström, Anders Markstedt, Magnus Strömgren, Bertil Forsberg, Johan Nilsson Sommar
Our study is based on individual data on people's home and work addresses, as well as their age, sex and physical capacity, in order to establish realistic bicycle-travel distances. A transport model is used to single out data on commuting preferences in the County Stockholm. Our analysis shows there is a very large potential for reducing emissions and exposure if all car drivers living within a distance corresponding to a maximum of a 30min bicycle ride to work would change to commuting by bicycle. It would result in >111,000 new cyclists, corresponding to an increase of 209% compared to the current situation...
January 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123331/prevalence-of-hypercalciuria-and-urinary-calcium-excretion-in-school-aged-children-in-the-province-of-tokat
#20
Ali Gül, Samet Özer, Resul Yılmaz, Ergün Sönmezgöz, Tuba Kasap, Şahin Takçı, Erhan Karaaslan, Yalçın Önder, Rıza Çıtıl, İlknur Bütün, Osman Demir
AIM: Hypercalciuria is an important cause of urinary tract symptoms, and also frequently results in urolithiasis. Urinary calcium excretion varies for geographic areas. We aimed to assess percentiles of urinary calcium excretion and prevalence of hypercalciuria for school-aged children in Tokat (city located in inner northern region of Turkey). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand three hundred seventy-five children aged 6 to 18 years were enrolled in the study. Urine samples were obtained randomly...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
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