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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#1
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526039/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-in-healthcare-centers-a-semi-quantitative-study-over-5%C3%A2-years
#2
Ruth D Thornton, Nicole Nurse, Laura Snavely, Stacey Hackett-Zahler, Kenice Frank, Robert A DiTomasso
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of ambulatory patients' satisfaction with clinic visits help improve communication and delivery of healthcare. The goal was to examine patient satisfaction in a primary care setting, identify how selected patient and physician setting and characteristics affected satisfaction, and determine if feedback provided to medical directors over time impacted patient satisfaction. METHODS: A three-phase, semi-quantitative analysis was performed using anonymous, validated patient satisfaction surveys collected from 889 ambulatory outpatients in 6 healthcare centers over 5-years...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513197/uptake-of-telehealth-implementation-for-copd-patients-in-a-high-poverty-inner-city-environment-a-survey
#3
Catherine L Granger, Rachel Wijayarathna, Eui-Sik Suh, Gill Arbane, Linda Denehy, Patrick Murphy, Nicholas Hart
This study aimed to investigate computer and internet access and education attained in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as potential barriers to implementation of telemedicine. We prospectively assessed 98 patients admitted with an acute exacerbation of COPD (mean age: 70.5 ± 9.3 years; force expired volume in the first second: 0.75 ± 0.39 L; 59% male) recording educational level attained and home computer and internet access. Hospital readmission surveillance occurred up to 2.7 (2...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513093/treatment-and-outcomes-of-patients-presenting-to-an-adult-emergency-department-involuntarily-with-substance-misuse
#4
James A Hughes, Maureen Sheehan, Jill Evans
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use is common in our society. The use of these substances flow throughout all areas of healthcare, and is especially prevalent in patients presenting to the emergency department with signs of mental illness. At the extreme end of these presentations patients present involuntarily with either police or ambulance officers. The aim of this study was to identify and describe the population presenting to the ED involuntarily with and without substance misuse as a precipitating factor...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511097/the-relationship-between-social-desirability-bias-and-self-reports-of-health-substance-use-and-social-network-factors-among-urban-substance-users-in-baltimore-maryland
#5
Carl A Latkin, Catie Edwards, Melissa A Davey-Rothwell, Karin E Tobin
BACKGROUND: Social desirability response bias may lead to inaccurate self-reports and erroneous study conclusions. The present study examined the relationship between social desirability response bias and self-reports of mental health, substance use, and social network factors among a community sample of inner-city substance users. METHODS: The study was conducted in a sample of 591 opiate and cocaine users in Baltimore, Maryland from 2009 to 2013. Modified items from the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale were included in the survey, which was conducted face-to-face and using Audio Computer Self Administering Interview (ACASI) methods...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508700/the-chronicity-of-depressive-symptoms-in-mothers-of-children-with-asthma
#6
Joan Kub, Melissa H Bellin, Arlene Butz, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger, Cassia Lewis-Land, Philip Osteen
Depression can disproportionately affect low-income women. The purpose of this study was to explore the chronicity of depressive symptoms in a sample of 276 low-income inner-city mothers of children with high-risk asthma. The aims were to identify factors (asthma health status, stress, social support) associated with change in depressive symptomatology over 12 months as well as to ascertain what factors are most consistently associated with depressive symptoms. Using latent growth curve analysis, demographic variables, asthma severity, stress, and social support failed to explain changes in depressive symptomatology...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489929/a-content-analysis-of-nature-photographs-taken-by-lebanese-rural-youth
#7
Miriam Mattouk, Salma N Talhouk
'Living in Harmony with Nature' is a 2050 vision put forth by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which takes into consideration culture and locality of perceptions of nature and aspirations for its use. Considering that 54% of the world population lives in cities, where nature has been decimated, the role of rural communities, living within or in proximity of natural and semi natural areas, will effectively influence the fate of the 'remaining' nature while they engage in local development. Reconciling between growth and development on the one hand, and nature conservation on the other, necessitates an understanding of how rural communities, especially the youth, imprint their own ideas on landscapes and develop ownership over natural spaces...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486784/exploring-the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-advice-on-prescription-medicines-a-survey-of-community-pharmacies-in-an-english-city
#8
Peter H Rivers, Jon Waterfield, Martin Grootveld, David K Raynor
Service users rely upon pharmacy staff to provide advice on prescription medicines. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of advice-giving in pharmacies located across different areas within an inner-city population. A questionnaire was administered with service users outside 29 community pharmacies in an English Midlands city between February and July 2014. The primary outcome measure was the percentage who had received information or advice when collecting a prescription medicine. A total of 1206 service users took part, of whom 49...
May 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483037/effect-of-the-4-h-target-on-time-to-ecg
#9
James A Hughes, C J Cabilan, Caitlin Young, Andrew Staib
Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between compliance with time-based Emergency Department (ED) targets (known as NEAT) and the time taken to collect an electrocardiogram (TTE) in patients presenting with chest pain.Methods This was a pilot descriptive retrospective cohort study completed in a large inner city tertiary ED. Patients who presented with active or recent chest pain between July 2014 and June 2015 were eligible for inclusion. Pregnant patients, inter-hospital transfers, and traumatic chest pain were excluded...
May 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478958/corrigendum-to-they-treated-me-like-crap-and-i-know-it-was-because-i-was-native-the-healthcare-experiences-of-aboriginal-peoples-living-in-vancouver-s-inner-city-soc-sci-med-178-2017-87-94
#10
Ashley Goodman, Kim Fleming, Nicole Markwick, Tracey Morrison, Louise Lagimodiere, Thomas Kerr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469909/gout-in-primary-care-can-we-improve-patient-outcomes
#11
Jacqueline Callear, Georgina Blakey, Alexandra Callear, Linda Sloan
In the United Kingdom, gout represents one of the most common inflammatory arthropathies predominantly managed in the primary care setting. Gout is a red flag indicator for cardiovascular disease and comorbidity. Despite this, there are no incentivised treatment protocols and suboptimal management in the primary care setting is common. A computer based retrospective search at a large inner city GP practice between January 2014-December 2014 inclusive, identified 115 patients with gout. Baseline measurements revealed multiple gout related consultations, poor medication compliance, high uric acid levels and deficiencies in uric acid monitoring...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464942/-getting-out-of-downtown-a-longitudinal-study-of-how-street-entrenched-youth-attempt-to-exit-an-inner-city-drug-scene
#12
Rod Knight, Danya Fast, Kora DeBeck, Jean Shoveller, Will Small
BACKGROUND: Urban drug "scenes" have been identified as important risk environments that shape the health of street-entrenched youth. New knowledge is needed to inform policy and programing interventions to help reduce youths' drug scene involvement and related health risks. The aim of this study was to identify how young people envisioned exiting a local, inner-city drug scene in Vancouver, Canada, as well as the individual, social and structural factors that shaped their experiences...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457767/clinical-and-financial-implications-of-emergency-department-visits-for-synthetic-marijuana
#13
Eric Rowley, David Benson, Aaron Tiffee, Adam Hockensmith, Henry Zeng, Glenn N Jones, Mandi W Musso
BACKGROUND: Many users believe that synthetic cannabinoids offer a safe and legal means of getting high. However, spikes in emergency department visits have been associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids. The purpose of the current study was to document emergency department visits from three large hospitals in one metropolitan area over a two month period. METHOD: This was a retrospective chart review examining 218 patients presenting to three inner city emergency departments between March and April 2014...
April 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454014/reduced-mouse-allergen-is-associated-with-epigenetic-changes-in-regulatory-genes-but-not-mouse-sensitization-in-asthmatic-children
#14
Rachel L Miller, Hanjie Zhang, Jacqueline Jezioro, Mariangels De Planell Saguer, Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Xinhua Liu, Matthew Perzanowski, Adnan Divjan, Wanda Phipatanakul, Elizabeth C Matsui
Chronic exposure to mouse allergen may contribute greatly to the inner-city asthma burden. We hypothesized that reducing mouse allergen exposure may modulate the immunopathology underlying symptomatic pediatric allergic asthma, and that this occurs through epigenetic regulation. To test this hypothesis, we studied a cohort of mouse sensitized, persistent asthmatic inner-city children undergoing mouse allergen-targeted integrated pest management (IPM) vs education in a randomized controlled intervention trial...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452407/individual-social-and-family-factors-associated-with-high-school-dropout-among-low-ses-youth-differential-effects-as-a-function-of-immigrant-status
#15
Isabelle Archambault, Michel Janosz, Véronique Dupéré, Marie-Christine Brault, Marie Mc Andrew
BACKGROUND: In most Western countries, the individual, social, and family characteristics associated with students' dropout in the general population are well documented. Yet, there is a lack of large-scale studies to establish whether these characteristics have the same influence for students with an immigrant background. AIMS: The first aim of this study was to assess the differences between first-, second-, and third-generation-plus students in terms of the individual, social, and family factors associated with school dropout...
April 28, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449587/-the-dots-just-don-t-join-up-understanding-the-support-needs-of-families-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#16
James Galpin, Penny Barratt, Edward Ashcroft, Scot Greathead, Lorcan Kenny, Elizabeth Pellicano
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support needs from their own perspectives. In total, 139 parents of autistic children with additional intellectual disabilities and limited spoken communication, all attending an inner-city London school, participated in an initial survey examining parental wellbeing, self-efficacy and the extent to which they felt supported...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449286/full-dilatation-cesarean-section-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-second-trimester-loss-and-preterm-birth
#17
Helena A Watson, Jenny Carter, Anna L David, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
INTRODUCTION: A previous cesarean section at full dilatation (FDCS) is a risk factor for preterm birth. To provide insight on the risk to subsequent pregnancies, this cohort study compares the outcomes of pregnant women with a previous preterm birth associated either with a prior FDCS or a prior term vaginal delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified women attending two inner-city preterm surveillance clinics (Guy's and St Thomas Hospital and University College London Hospital, London, UK) who had a spontaneous late miscarriage (14(+0) -23(+6) weeks) or sPTB (<37weeks) following a term pregnancy, and then a further pregnancy for analysis...
April 27, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444381/evidence-for-very-recent-positive-selection-in-mongolians
#18
Kazuhiro Nakayama, Jun Ohashi, Kazuhisa Watanabe, Lkagvasuren Munkhtulga, Sadahiko Iwamoto
Mongols, the founders of the largest continental empire in history, successfully adapted to the harsh environments of Inner Asia through nomadic pastoralism. Considerable interest exists in ascertaining whether genetic adaptation also contributed to the Mongols' success, and dissecting the genome diversity of present-day populations in Mongolia can help address this question. To this end, we determined the genotypes of nearly 2.4 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 96 unrelated Mongolian individuals in Ulaanbaatar city, and performed genome-wide scans for population-specific positive selection...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441975/seek-test-treat-substance-using-women-in-the-hiv-treatment-cascade-in-south-africa
#19
Wendee M Wechsberg, Charles van der Horst, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Irene A Doherty, Tracy Kline, Felicia A Browne, Jennifer M Belus, Robin Nance, William A Zule
BACKGROUND: Women in South Africa who use alcohol and other drugs face multiple barriers to HIV care. These barriers make it difficult for women to progress through each step in the HIV treatment cascade from diagnosis to treatment initiation and adherence. This paper examines correlates of HIV status, newly diagnosed HIV status, and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Outreach workers recruited sexually active Black African women who used substances in Pretoria as part of a U...
April 26, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441242/identifying-undiagnosed-pediatric-mental-illness-in-the-emergency-department
#20
La Vonne A Downey, Leslie S Zun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that pediatric psychiatric patients frequent emergency department (ED), but the number of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric illness presenting to an ED is not well known. Identification and referral of these patients may provide an opportunity for improved patient care. The primary study objective was to identify a tool that can screen for unsuspected psychiatric illness in pediatric patients who present to the ED with non-psychiatric-related complaints...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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