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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#1
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909466/illusory-temporal-binding-in-meditators
#2
Peter Lush, Jim Parkinson, Zoltan Dienes
We investigate conditions in which more accurate metacognition may lead to greater susceptibility to illusion and thus conditions under which mindfulness meditation may lead to less accurate perceptions. Specifically, greater awareness of intentions may lead to an illusory compression of time between a voluntary action and its outcome ("intentional binding"). Here, we report that experienced Buddhist mindfulness meditators rather than non-meditators display a greater illusory shift of the timing of an outcome toward an intentional action...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905958/choosing-an-epidemiological-model-structure-for-the-economic-evaluation-of-non-communicable-disease-public-health-interventions
#3
Adam D M Briggs, Jane Wolstenholme, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
Non-communicable diseases are the leading global causes of mortality and morbidity. Growing pressures on health services and on social care have led to increasing calls for a greater emphasis to be placed on prevention. In order for decisionmakers to make informed judgements about how to best spend finite public health resources, they must be able to quantify the anticipated costs, benefits, and opportunity costs of each prevention option available. This review presents a taxonomy of epidemiological model structures and applies it to the economic evaluation of public health interventions for non-communicable diseases...
May 4, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905698/bladder-neck-contracture-after-surgery-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction-a-literature-review
#4
Luca Cindolo, Michele Marchioni, Esteban Emiliani, Piergustavo De Francesco, Giulia Primiceri, Pietro Castellan, Luigi Schips
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decades, numerous surgical procedures have been proposed to treat Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). However, all are characterized by a certain rate of treatment failure due to Bladder Neck Contracture (BNC). Treatment of secondary BNC appears to be challenging. The main purpose of this review is to evaluate current published knowledge on this topic. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The MEDLINE/Pubmed database was searched for all original articles published between 2000 and 2016 analysing the incidence, prevalence and management of BNC as a post-operative complication following surgical treatment of LUTS/BPH...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903725/hippocampal-damage-increases-deontological-responses-during-moral-decision-making
#5
Cornelia McCormick, Clive R Rosenthal, Thomas D Miller, Eleanor A Maguire
: Complex moral decision making is associated with the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in humans, and damage to this region significantly increases the frequency of utilitarian judgments. Since the vmPFC has strong anatomical and functional links with the hippocampus, here we asked how patients with selective bilateral hippocampal damage would derive moral decisions on a classic moral dilemmas paradigm. We found that the patients approved of the utilitarian options significantly less often than control participants, favoring instead deontological responses-rejecting actions that harm even one person...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902536/patients-on-psychotropic-medications-and-herbal-supplement-combinations-clinical-considerations
#6
Siu W Tang, Wayne Tang, Brian E Leonard
Populations using herbs and herbal preparations are widespread and growing. As many herbal ingredients exert actions on psychotropic drug targets, psychiatrists should be well informed and aware of potential drug-drug interactions in clinical practice. Reliable and clinically useful information in this area, however, is fragmented, if not deficient. This paper reviewed the clinical aspects of herb-drug interactions, focusing in particular on the monoamine oxidase enzyme and P450 cytochrome enzyme-inhibitory properties of herbs and their potential interference with psychotropic drug actions and clinical judgement...
November 29, 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897748/cheating-is-never-okay-but-we-shouldn-t-be-too-quick-to-judge
#7
(no author information available yet)
It is easy to rush to judgement about students who cheat in their exams or buy essays on the internet. Such activities can never be condoned and those who succumb to temptation must suffer the consequences, which can involve being removed from their courses.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897213/decision-making-processes-based-on-social-conventional-rules-in-early-adolescents-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Hidetsugu Komeda, Hidekazu Osanai, Kaichi Yanaoka, Yuko Okamoto, Toru Fujioka, Sumiyoshi Arai, Keisuke Inohara, Masuo Koyasu, Takashi Kusumi, Shinichiro Takiguchi, Masao Kawatani, Hirokazu Kumazaki, Michio Hiratani, Akemi Tomoda, Hirotaka Kosaka
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by problems with reciprocal social interaction, repetitive behaviours/narrow interests, and impairments in the social cognition and emotional processing necessary for intention-based moral judgements. The aim of this study was to examine the information used by early adolescents with and without ASD when they judge story protagonists as good or bad. We predicted that adolescents with ASD would use protagonists' behaviour, while typically developing (TD) adolescents would use protagonists' characteristics when making the judgements...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891723/the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
J Hounsome, R Whittington, A Brown, B Greenhill, J McGuire
BACKGROUND: While structured professional judgement approaches to assessing and managing the risk of violence have been extensively examined in mental health/forensic settings, the application of the findings to people with an intellectual disability is less extensively researched and reviewed. This review aimed to assess whether risk assessment tools have adequate predictive validity for violence in adults with an intellectual disability. METHODS: Standard systematic review methodology was used to identify and synthesize appropriate studies...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890120/influence-of-lane-departure-warnings-onset-and-reliability-on-car-drivers-behaviors
#10
J Navarro, J Deniel, E Yousfi, C Jallais, M Bueno, A Fort
Lane departures represent an important cause of road crashes. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of an auditory Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) for partial and full lane departures (onset manipulation) combined with missed warnings (reliability manipulation: 100% reliable, 83% reliable and 66% reliable) on drivers' performances and acceptance. Several studies indicate that LDWS improves drivers' performances during lane departure episodes. However, little is known about the effects of the warning onset and reliability of LDWS...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888294/total-hip-arthroplasty-with-dual-mobility-cup-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-young-patients-over-ten-years-of-follow-up
#11
Pierre Martz, Alexandre Maczynski, Sebastien Elsair, Ludovic Labattut, Brice Viard, Emmanuel Baulot
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head affects mainly young patients with high functional needs this increases the risk of dislocation. Dual mobility cups known for low rate of dislocation and high mobility range seems indicated. We evaluate functional efficiency, survival and dislocation rate of dual mobility cup for total hip arthroplasty for osteonecrosis in young patients. Monocentric retrospective clinical study, from 2000 to 2008. With a clinical analysis in pre-operative and over ten years of follow-up of one cohort of patients under 55 years old with an indication of THA for ONFH...
November 25, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881586/iatrogenic-parafoveal-macular-hole-following-nd-yag-posterior-hyaloidotomy-for-premacular-haemorrhage
#12
Ravi Bypareddy, Rohan Chawla, Shorya Vardhan Azad, Brijesh Takkar
Premacular sub-internal limiting membrane (sub-ILM) haemorrhage is a known cause of sudden profound loss of vision. Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (ND-YAG) posterior hyaloidotomy is an inexpensive, effective and safe treatment modality for rapid drainage of haemorrhage covering the macula. An 18-year-old male patient presented to us with a history of Nd-YAG posterior hyaloidotomy for Valsalva-related premacular bleed. At the posterior pole, a cavity formed by the detached ILM with a central defect in ILM-posterior hyaloid complex was evident...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878797/choosing-wisely-at-the-end-of-life-the-crucial-role-of-medical-indication
#13
Gian Domenico Borasio, Ralf J Jox
At the end of life, several treatments are administered routinely that lack medical indication and may cause significant harm to patients. Examples include artificial hydration and oxygen therapy in the dying phase, as well as enteral nutrition in advanced dementia. Medical indication is defined as the appropriateness of a therapeutic or diagnostic measure in the patient's concrete clinical situation, in light of the best available evidence. The decision about the absence or presence of a medical indication is a core competence of physicians...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876641/individual-differences-in-personality-in-laying-hens-are-related-to-learning-a-colour-cue-association
#14
Elske N de Haas, Caroline Lee, Carlos E Hernandez, Marc Naguib, T Bas Rodenburg
Personality can influence how animals perceive and learn cues. The behaviour and physiological responses animals show during stressful events is indicative of their personality. Acute induced stress prior to a cognitive test is known to affect the judgement of a stimulus, but personality of an individual could also affect learning of a specific cognitive paradigm. Here, we assessed if adult laying hens' behaviour and physiological responses, as indicators of their personality, were related to their cognitive performance...
November 19, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874210/cost-effectiveness-of-using-cognitive-screening-tests-for-detecting-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-primary-care
#15
Thaison Tong, Praveen Thokala, Brian McMillan, Rob Ghosh, John Brazier
INTRODUCTION: We estimated the cost effectiveness of different cognitive screening tests for use by General Practitioners (GPs) to detect cognitive impairment in England. METHODS: A patient-level cost-effectiveness model was developed using a simulated cohort that represents the elderly population in England (65 years and older). Each patient was followed over a lifetime period. Data from published sources were used to populate the model. The costs include government funded health and social care, private social care and informal care...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872175/court-in-judgement-of-informed-consent
#16
EDITORIAL
Philip D Welsby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870321/exploring-trust-in-online-health-information-a-study-of-user-experiences-of-patients-co-uk
#17
Anna Cunningham, Frances Johnson
This feature has been co-authored by Anna Cunningham and her supervisor Frances Johnson. It is based on the research Anna conducted for her dissertation, which she completed as part of her MA in Library and Information Management at Manchester Metropolitan University. The study explored how people assess the trustworthiness of online health information, and the participants were asked to talk aloud whilst viewing information on the consumer health information website patients.co.uk. The study confirmed that their assessment was based on the information usefulness and credibility as well as identifying the factors relating to information quality and website design that helped to form these judgements...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869930/-assessment-of-service-to-verify-the-cause-of-death-implementation-in-pernambuco-state-brazil-2012-multiple-case-study
#18
Barbara Araújo Silva de Azevedo, Lygia Carmen de Moraes Vanderlei, Roberto José Vieira de Mello, Paulo Germano de Frias
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of Death Verification Services in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2012. METHODS: this was an implementation analysis evaluation study; we constructed a logical framework and judgement matrix were prepared; primary data (direct observation and interviews) and secondary data were used; assessment of the level of Death Verification Services implementation was based on outcome-related structure and process indicators which were compared with the logical framework...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867807/screening-for-potential-endocrine-disruptors-in-fish-evidence-from-structural-alerts-and-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-toxicological-assays
#19
Monika Nendza, Andrea Wenzel, Martin Müller, Geertje Lewin, Nelly Simetska, Frauke Stock, Jürgen Arning
BACKGROUND: The European chemicals' legislation REACH aims to protect man and the environment from substances of very high concern (SVHC). Chemicals like endocrine disruptors (EDs) may be subject to authorization. Identification of (potential) EDs with regard to the environment is limited because specific experimental assessments are not standard requirements under REACH. Evidence is based on a combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments (if available), expert judgement, and structural analogy with known EDs...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866081/delineating-baseflow-contribution-areas-for-streams-a-model-and-methods-comparison
#20
Reynold Chow, Michael E Frind, Emil O Frind, Jon P Jones, Marcelo R Sousa, David L Rudolph, John W Molson, Wolfgang Nowak
This study addresses the delineation of areas that contribute baseflow to a stream reach, also known as stream capture zones. Such areas can be delineated using standard well capture zone delineation methods, with three important differences: (1) natural gradients are smaller compared to those produced by supply wells and are therefore subject to greater numerical errors, (2) stream discharge varies seasonally, and (3) stream discharge varies spatially. This study focuses on model-related uncertainties due to model characteristics, discretization schemes, delineation methods, and particle tracking algorithms...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
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