Read by QxMD icon Read


Latifah Alazmi, Grace E Gadsby, Nicola R Heneghan, T David Punt
BACKGROUND: Left/right judgment tasks (LRJTs) are used in the management of chronic pain. This use is predicated on their ability to elicit the simulation of movements (i.e. motor imagery), including those where the execution of the same movements induces pain. While established for limb-based LRJTs, the ability of trunk-based LRJTs to elicit motor imagery of trunk movements has not been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether data from a trunk-based LRJT are indicative of motor imagery being elicited for the specific lateralised trunk postures presented...
March 7, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Stephan Petersenn
Secondary adrenal insufficiency may pose specific challenges during pregnancy. The interpretation of diagnostic tests is hindered by physiological adaptations of the HPA axis. Due the relevant increases in CBG, measurement of salivary cortisol may be preferable, but lacks sufficiently established cut-offs both for early-morning evaluation and during dynamic testing. Hydrocortisone should be used for replacement to avoid overexposure of the fetus, with dose adjustments according to clinical judgement. To account for increased free cortisol levels during the course of pregnancy, hydrocortisone may be increased by 5-7...
March 15, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
Cary Moskovitz
Text recycling, often called "self-plagiarism", is the practice of reusing textual material from one's prior documents in a new work. The practice presents a complex set of ethical and practical challenges to the scientific community, many of which have not been addressed in prior discourse on the subject. This essay identifies and discusses these factors in a systematic fashion, concluding with a new definition of text recycling that takes these factors into account. Topics include terminology, what is not text recycling, factors affecting judgements about the appropriateness of text recycling, and visual materials...
March 15, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
Valéry Legrain, Louise Manfron, Marynn Garcia, Lieve Filbrich
How we perceive our body is shaped by sensory experiences with our surrounding environment, as witnessed by poor performance in tasks during which participants judge with their hands crossed the temporal order between two somatosensory stimuli, one applied on each hand. This suggests that somatosensory stimuli are not only processed according to a somatotopic representation but also a spatiotopic representation of the body. We investigated whether the perception of stimuli occurring in external space, such as visual stimuli, can also be influenced by the body posture and somatosensory stimuli...
January 1, 2018: Perception
Ryan B Scott, Jason Samaha, Ron Chrisley, Zoltan Dienes
While theories of consciousness differ substantially, the 'conscious access hypothesis', which aligns consciousness with the global accessibility of information across cortical regions, is present in many of the prevailing frameworks. This account holds that consciousness is necessary to integrate information arising from independent functions such as the specialist processing required by different senses. We directly tested this account by evaluating the potential for associative learning between novel pairs of subliminal stimuli presented in different sensory modalities...
March 12, 2018: Cognition
Shatha A Al Shanqeeti, Yasser N Alkhudairy, Alwaleed A Alabdulwahed, Anwar E Ahmed, Maysoon S Al-Adham, Naveed M Mahmood
To estimate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) in Saudi Arabia and assess the need for an SCH screening program. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City and the Khashmulaan Clinic at the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in August 2016. All women attending the antenatal clinics were  invited to participate in the study. In addition, data were retrieved from the files of pregnant women who had been screened for hypothyroidism from January 2016 to August 2016...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Matthew J Page, Joanne E McKenzie, Julian P T Higgins
BACKGROUND: Several scales, checklists and domain-based tools for assessing risk of reporting biases exist, but it is unclear how much they vary in content and guidance. We conducted a systematic review of the content and measurement properties of such tools. METHODS: We searched for potentially relevant articles in Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Ovid PsycINFO and Google Scholar from inception to February 2017. One author screened all titles, abstracts and full text articles, and collected data on tool characteristics...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
J Liu, Y Li, Y Cai, Z C Jin
Objective: To investigate the predictive value of elevated serum S100B level in patients with multiple traumas combined delirium for the clinical prognosis prior to intensive care unit (ICU) discharge. Methods: One hundred seventy-nine patients with multiple traumas diagnosed as delirium after admission over 48 hours to the Department of Critical Care Medicine, People's Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University from January 2013 to December 2016 were divided into two groups according to the level of serum S100B measured prior to the ICU discharge: high S100B group (≥0...
March 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Karin Michèle Schmid, Remo Kugler, Prasad Nalabothu, Carles Bosch, Carlalberta Verna
BACKGROUND: Non-nutritive sucking habits may adversely affect the orofacial complex. This systematic literature review aimed to find scientific evidence on the effect of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures. METHODS: A search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases was conducted to find all pertinent articles published from inception until February 2018, based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
March 13, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
Jessica Stevenson, Allison Tong, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, Vincent W Lee
OBJECTIVE: To describe the perspectives of healthcare providers on the nutritional management of patients on haemodialysis, which may inform strategies for improving patient-centred nutritional care. DESIGN: Face-to-face semistructured interviews were conducted until data saturation, and thematic analysis based on principles of grounded theory. SETTING: 21 haemodialysis centres across Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 42 haemodialysis clinicians (nephrologists and nephrology trainees (15), nurses (12) and dietitians (15)) were purposively sampled to obtain a range of demographic characteristics and clinical experiences...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Hersha Patel, Esther L Moss, Susan M Sherman
BACKGROUND: Primary HPV cervical screening is due to be implemented in England within the next 2years however, the acceptability of HPV testing as the primary screening test is unclear. This study explores women's awareness and attitudes towards HPV testing/screening. METHODS: Qualitative interviews (semi-structured and focus group) were conducted with forty-six women (aged 25-65years) from community and secondary care settings. Data was analysed using the inductive-framework method...
March 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Chunzhen Tan, Edimansyah Abdin, Wilfred Liang, Lye Yin Poon, Ngar Yee Poon, Swapna Verma
AIM: Early intervention programmes for first episode psychosis (FEP) aim to reduce the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and improve functional outcomes. The sustained maintenance of improved outcomes depends largely on patients' adherence to prescribed treatment. This paper examines the prevalence of non-adherence in a cohort of patients with FEP and the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with non-adherent behaviour. METHODS: The sample included consecutive patients accepted from 2007 to 2012 into the Early Psychosis Intervention Programme (EPIP) in Singapore...
March 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Alison M G Burrell, Julia L Allan, David M Williams, Marie Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Self-efficacy - an individual's judgement of their ability to successfully perform a behaviour - is commonly used to explain and predict behaviour. It is measured through self-report questionnaires. These scales require good content validity, that is must measure the full scope and content of the construct without contamination from similar constructs. This study uses a systematic, transparent quantitative method (discriminant content validation, DCV) to assess the content validity of a variety of self-efficacy items and qualitatively explores participant interpretations of these items...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Saumya S Gurbani, Eduard Schreibmann, Andrew A Maudsley, James Scott Cordova, Brian J Soher, Harish Poptani, Gaurav Verma, Peter B Barker, Hyunsuk Shim, Lee A D Cooper
PURPOSE: Proton MRSI is a noninvasive modality capable of generating volumetric maps of in vivo tissue metabolism without the need for ionizing radiation or injected contrast agent. Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging has been shown to be a viable imaging modality for studying several neuropathologies. However, a key hurdle in the routine clinical adoption of MRSI is the presence of spectral artifacts that can arise from a number of sources, possibly leading to false information...
March 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Wissam Shalish, Samantha Latremouille, Jesse Papenburg, Guilherme Mendes Sant'Anna
CONTEXT: A variety of extubation readiness tests have already been incorporated into clinical practice in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictor tests of successful extubation and determine their accuracy compared with clinical judgement alone. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched between 1984 and June 2016. Studies evaluating predictors of extubation success during a period free of mechanical inflations in infants less than 37 weeks' gestation were included...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Stewart Forsyth, Philip C Calder, Francis Zotor, Paul Amuna, Barbara Meyer, Bruce Holub
BACKGROUND: A wealth of information on the functional roles of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) from cellular, animal, and human studies is available. Yet, there remains a lack of cohesion in policymaking for recommended dietary intakes of DHA and ARA in early life. This is predominantly driven by inconsistent findings from a relatively small number of randomised clinical trials (RCTs), which vary in design, methodology, and outcome measures, all of which were conducted in high-income countries...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Maria Dempsey, Rob King, Andrea Nagy
OBJECTIVE: New technologies present new ethical dilemmas. Our ethical intuitions may mislead us in relation to new technologies such as nuclear power, vaccines, GMOs and assistive reproductive technologies (ART). Between 1999 and 2008 the number of ART treatment cycles increased by 265% in Ireland. The implications and potentials of such technologies are profound - challenging existing understanding of humans' relationships to reproduction. Because such technologies are comparatively unregulated, and their use has only been occurring for a single generation, detailed investigation of how awareness of ART influences understanding of personal fertility is needed...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Bruno Sangro, Carlo Ludovico Maini, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Roberto Cianni, Rita Golfieri, Daniele Gasparini, Samer Ezziddin, Philipp M Paprottka, Francesco Fiore, Mark Van Buskirk, Jose Ignacio Bilbao, Rita Salvatori, Emanuela Giampalma, Onelio Geatti, Kai Wilhelm, Ralf Thorsten Hoffmann, Francesco Izzo, Mercedes Iñarrairaegui, Carlo Urigo, Alberta Cappelli, Alessandro Vit, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar, Tobias Franz Jakobs, Rosa Sciuto, Giuseppe Pizzi, Secondo Lastoria
PURPOSE: Radioembolisation is part of the multimodal treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at specialist liver centres. This study analysed the impact of prior treatment on tolerability and survival following radioembolisation. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 325 consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HCC, who received radioembolisation with yttrium-90 resin microspheres at eight European centres between September 2003 and December 2009...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Zahra Zargol Moradi, Sanjay Manohar, Mihaela Duta, Florence Enock, Glyn W Humphreys
An in-group bias describes an individual's bias towards a group that they belong to. Previous studies suggest that in-group bias facilitates approach motor responses, but disrupts avoidance ones. Such motor biases are shown to be more robust when the out-group is threatening. We investigated whether, under controlled visual familiarity and complexity, in-group biases still promote pro-saccade and hinder anti-saccades oculomotor responses. Participants first learned to associate an in-group or out-group label with an arbitrary shape...
March 7, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Mihaela-Roxana Mănoiu, Jade Amine Amri, Alexandra Țicle, Cristina Stan
Optic nerve head drusen is an incidental finding in current ophthalmological practice. Although patients rarely display symptoms, structural, and functional defects, there are exceptional cases when clinical appearance can make it difficult to diagnose underlying or coexisting conditions, such as glaucoma. The following case report demonstrates how overlapping optic nerve pathologies can interfere in clinical judgement and therapeutic decision making in a young male patient, with relevant family history for both glaucoma and bilateral optic nerve head drusen...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"