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Platelet ggt

Kushal B Naik, C Matthew Hawkins, Anne E Gill, Nitika A Gupta
BACKGROUND: Stenosis of the portal vein (PV) is a rare complication after liver transplantation (LT) in pediatric patients and it adversely affects outcomes. We reviewed the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic balloon angioplasty (PTBA) as a treatment for post-LT late-onset portal vein stenosis (PVS). METHODS: 318 patients between the ages of 0-21 years received a LT from 2001 to 2016 at this tertiary center. 21 children were evaluated for PVS using percutaneous portal venography...
February 20, 2018: Transplantation
Zaixing Yang, Yan Liang, Feng Lin, Zhencheng Zhang, Wanwan Luo, Yuting Zhang, Renqian Zhong
BACKGROUND: Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), also called chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12), as a chemokine for premature B cells, T cells and monocytes, is detected in liver, pancreas, spleen and heart. However, its diagnostic value for primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) as well as the association of SDF-1 with inflammatory and fibrotic progression is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine serum stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) level and to explore its diagnostic value for primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) as well as the association of SDF-1 with inflammatory and fibrotic progression of PBC...
February 2, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Jessica L Gifford, William N T Nguyen, Lawrence de Koning, Isolde Seiden-Long
BACKGROUND: In vitro deamination generates ammonia in freshly collected blood specimens. To prevent this, samples for ammonia testing are usually collected on ice and run rapidly (e.g., within 1h). We developed a method to stabilize specimens for ammonia analysis. METHODS: Following plasma separation, 500μmol/l cycloserine or a combination of 2mmol/l sodium borate with 5mmol/l l-serine were added to sample pools with normal or increased concentrations of ALT and/or GGT to inhibit deamination; and/or residual platelets were removed via centrifugation...
December 16, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Blagovesta Pencheva, Rossen Mihajlov, Adelaida Ruseva, Rumyana Mitova, Kaloyan Petrov, Gergana Taneva, Jordan Genov
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis shows a continuously increasing trend worldwide, due to alcohol abuse, obesity, and, to a lesser extent, chronic hepatitis B and C. Biopsy is still considered the "gold standard" for diagnosis of liver fibrosis. However, it has a number of limitations, such as invasiveness, high cost, need for specialists to conduct and interpret biopsy results, risk of complications, inability to dynamically monitor the pathological process, low patient compliance, and uneven fibrosis distribution...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
Hans-Erik Johansson, Anna Wåhlén, Erica Aldenbäck, Arvo Haenni
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with chronic inflammation, liver steatosis and increased liver enzymes such as gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), markers for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fat content. Increased platelet counts (PCs) are a biomarker reflecting inflammation and the degree of fibrosis in NAFLD. We investigated alterations in PCs, GGT, ALT, C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP)...
December 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Yan-Chao Hu, Hao Liu, Xiao-Yan Liu, Li-Na Ma, Yu-Hua Guan, Xia Luo, Xiang-Chun Ding
AIM: To investigate the value of the gamma-glutamyltraspeptidase (GGT)-to-platelet (PLT) ratio (GPR) in the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We included 390 untreated CHB patients in this study. The GPR, aspartate aminotransferase (AST)-to-PLT ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) of all patients were analysed to determine if these parameter were correlated with age, gender, medical history, liver function [total bilirubin (TBil), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and AST], GGT, PLT count, or hepatic fibrosis stage...
November 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
B-M Schmidt, M Tameris, H Geldenhuys, A Luabeya, E Bunyasi, T Hawkridge, J B McClain, H Mahomed, T J Scriba, H McShane, M Hatherill
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric laboratory reference intervals used in Africa and Asia may be derived from historical intervals of predominantly Caucasian infants in Europe or North America. These intervals may therefore not be compatible with the range of normality for developing country populations. We aimed to compare haematology and biochemistry parameters in healthy South African infants with local laboratory reference intervals. METHODS: We compared the baseline haematology and biochemistry results of 634 (316 male and 318 female) HIV-unexposed infants, aged 3-6 months, living in a rural area of the Western Cape Province, South Africa, against laboratory reference intervals supplied by the South African National Health Laboratory Services (NHLS)...
January 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Mohamed Alboraie, Kerstin Schütte, Marwa Khairy, Marwa Elsharkawy, Noha Asem, Fathy Elghamry, Helmy Shalaby, Gamal Esmat, Peter Malfertheiner
To validate the diagnostic performance of Hepa-Index in predicting different stages of hepatic fibrosis in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Methods: Hundred treatment naïve chronic hepatitis C Egyptian patients were prospectively enrolled between June 2014 and January 2015. They were subjected to: platelet count, alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2-MG), total bilirubin, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), total cholesterol, liver biopsy and histopathological staging of hepatic fibrosis according to METAVIR scoring system...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
Wang Hua, Yameng Sun, Ying Wang, Songling Fu, Wei Wang, Chunhong Xie, Yiying Zhang, Fangqi Gong
Objectives: To clarify the independent risk factors and construct predictive model for intravenous immunoglobin (IVIG)-resistant KD (IVIGRKD). Results: The ratio of male to female in the overall samples was 1.62:1 and the incidence of IVIGR was 17.9%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the OR (95% CI) values of fever duration ≥ 7 days, delayed diagnosis, gamma-glutamyl transferase ≥ 25 U/L, serum sodium ≤ 135 mmol/L, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio ≥ 2...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
Anna Strongin, Theo Heller, Dan Doherty, Ian A Glass, Melissa A Parisi, Joy Bryant, Peter Choyke, Baris Turkbey, Kailash Daryanani, Deniz Yildirimli, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, May C Malicdan, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Joubert Syndrome (JS) is a rare, inherited, ciliopathy defined by cerebellar and brainstem malformations and is variably associated with liver, kidney, and ocular dysfunction. This study characterizes the hepatic findings in JS and identifies factors associated with probable portal hypertension. METHODS: Hundred individuals with JS were prospectively evaluated at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. Laboratory tests, imaging, and DNA sequencing were performed...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Yi Li, Tiantian Wei, Lin Yan, Zhiqiang Yang, Qian Huang, Yunying Shi, Lanlan Wang
The present genome-wide association study investigated the relationship of interleukin 28B (IL-28B) genetic variants with HBV susceptibility and prognosis of HBV-infected patients. This study aims to examine the role of IL-28B polymorphisms on transplant etiologies and the liver function recovery in Chinese liver transplant recipients.A total of 231 liver transplant recipients were enrolled in the study. The transplant etiologies included progressive HBV hepatitis, HBV-related liver cirrhosis (LC), HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and non-HBV-related disease...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kyong Ihn, In Geol Ho, Eun Young Chang, Seok Joo Han
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The role of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels in predicting clinical outcomes after Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) is unknown. This study analyzed whether postoperative GGT along with the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRi) predicted prognosis of biliary atresia (BA). METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed for 169 BA patients categorized into jaundice-free (JF) (total bilirubin <2.0 mg/dL ≤6 months post-KPE) and persistent jaundice (PJ) groups (total bilirubin ≥2...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maria Pokorska-Śpiewak, Aleksandra Stańska-Perka, Jolanta Popielska, Agnieszka Ołdakowska, Urszula Coupland, Konrad Zawadka, Małgorzata Szczepańska-Putz, Magdalena Marczyńska
Liver disease in HIV-infected patients may result from the infection itself, antiretroviral treatment or comorbidities. In this study, we analysed liver disease in 79 HIV-infected children and adolescents aged 14.0 ± 5.1 years. All the patients were receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), with a mean duration of 11.5 ± 4.7 years. Six patients (8%) had detectable HIV viral load, and 8/79 (10%) of the participants were coinfected with hepatitis B or C virus (HCV, 6/8 or HBV, 2/8). Liver disease was defined as an elevation of any of the following parameters: alanine or aspartate aminotransferase (ALT and AST), total bilirubin, and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGTP)...
September 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jian Wang, Xiaomin Yan, Yue Yang, Haiyan Chang, Bei Jia, Xiang-An Zhao, Guangmei Chen, Juan Xia, Yong Liu, Yuxin Chen, Guiyang Wang, Li Wang, Zhaoping Zhang, Weimao Ding, Rui Huang, Chao Wu
OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive models have been established for the assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB). However, the predictive performance of these established models remains inconclusive. We aimed to develop a novel predictive model for liver fibrosis in CHB based on routinely clinical parameters. RESULTS: Platelets(PLT), the standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width(RDW-SD), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and globulin were independent predictors of significant fibrosis by multivariable analysis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
James C Barton, J Clayborn Barton, Paul C Adams
BACKGROUND: 373 black participants had elevated screening and post-screening serum ferritin (SF) (> 300 μg/L men; > 200 μg/L women). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied SF and post-screening age; sex; body mass index; transferrin saturation (TS); ALT; AST; GGT; elevated C-reactive protein; ß-thalassemia; neutrophils; lymphocytes; monocytes; platelets; metacarpophalangeal joint hypertrophy; hepatomegaly; splenomegaly; diabetes; HFE H63D positivity; iron/alcohol intakes; and blood/erythrocyte transfusion units...
September 2017: Annals of Hepatology
Lizwell Mapfumo, Voster Muchenje, John F Mupangwa, Michiel M Scholtz
The objective of this study was to determine the changes in biochemical indicators for nutritional stress from a herd of Boran and Nguni cows. A total of 40 cows (20 from each herd) were randomly selected for the study. The animals were identified according to their parities as follows: parity 1 (n = 8), parity 2 (n = 16), parity 3 (n = 8) and parity 4 (n = 8). Serum chemistry levels of glucose, total cholesterol, urea, creatinine, albumin, globulin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutylaminotransferase (GGT), leukocytes, erythrocytes, haemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV) and platelet counts were determined for 12 consecutive months spanning across the wet and dry seasons...
October 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Q Li, C Lu, W Li, Y Huang, L Chen
Background/Aim Simple, inexpensive and clinically available noninvasive liver fibrosis tests are highly needed. We aimed to develop a novel noninvasive index for predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Methods Using liver histology as gold standard, we developed a novel index to predict significant fibrosis and cirrhosis in CHB patients and then compared the diagnostic accuracy of the novel index, aspartate transaminase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis index based on four factors (FIB-4) in a training set (606 patients) and a validation set (216 patients) from the same patient catchment area...
December 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Rafael Torres-Valadez, Sonia Roman, Alexis Jose-Abrego, Maricruz Sepulveda-Villegas, Claudia Ojeda-Granados, Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez, Arturo Panduro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Liver cirrhosis is usually detected at the later stages of disease. This study is aimed to detect liver damage in patients with chronic liver disease using transitional elastography (TE) and to assess the biochemical parameters associated with liver damage. METHODS: In 578 patients, chronic liver disease based on etiology was diagnosed by clinical and laboratory tests. Liver damage was evaluated with TE (FibroScan®), while its association with biochemical parameters was performed using the logistic regression tests...
March 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
Ragesh Babu Thandassery, Saad Al Kaabi, Madiha E Soofi, Benjamin Tharian, Rajvir Singh
AIM: We aim to compare 20 noninvasive fibrosis scores (NIFS), derived from routine blood tests, for predicting significant liver-related adverse events (SLRE) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) after anti-viral treatment (AVT) with the goal to identify independent predictors for these outcomes. METHODS: From 1605 patients who received AVT (pegylated interferon and ribavirin) from January 2002 to June 2014, 20 NIFS were calculated from routine blood tests prior to AVT...
July 2017: Hepatology International
Jin-Lin Cheng, Xiao-Ling Wang, Shi-Gui Yang, Hong Zhao, Jing-Jing Wu, Lan-Juan Li
AIM: To determine incidence and clinical biomarkers of marked necroinflammation and fibrosis characteristics among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase (PNALT). METHODS: Liver biopsy was performed on 115 CHB patients with PNALT. Necroinflammation and fibrosis were graded by the Knodell histologic activity index and the Ishak fibrosis score, respectively. Correlations between the available clinical parameters and necroinflammation and fibrosis were analysed...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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