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Javier A Cepeda, Sunil S Solomon, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Paneerselvam Nandagopal, Pachamuthu Balakrishnan, Muniratnam S Kumar, David L Thomas, Mark S Sulkowski, Shruti H Mehta
Background.  Access to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment is limited in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Noninvasive biomarkers, such as fibrosis 4 (FIB-4) and aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), are low-cost alternatives to staging liver disease and identifying treatment need in people with chronic HCV infection, but their accuracy has not been evaluated in LMICs. Methods.  We tested the accuracy of FIB-4 and APRI at validated cutoffs (FIB-4 <1.45, >3.25; APRI <0.5, >1...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Johanna Helmersson-Karlqvist, Peter Ridefelt, Lars Lind, Anders Larsson
OBJECTIVES: Reference values are usually based on blood samples from healthy individuals in the age range 20-50 years. Most patients seeking health care are older than this reference population. Many reference intervals are age dependent and there is thus a need to have appropriate reference intervals also for elderly individuals. METHODS: We analyzed a group of frequently used laboratory tests in an 80-year-old population (n=531, 266 females and 265 males). The 2...
October 2016: Maturitas
Claudio Bonifati, Viviana Lora, Dario Graceffa, Lorenzo Nosotti
The systemic therapies available for the management of Psoriasis (PsO) patients who cannot be treated with more conservative options, such as topical agents and/or phototherapy, with the exception of acitretin, can worsen or reactivate a chronic infection. Therefore, before administering immunosuppressive therapies with either conventional disease-modifying drugs (cDMARDs) or biological ones (bDMARDs) it is mandatory to screen patients for some infections, including hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV)...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Justin Ferdinandus, Elisabeth Eppard, Florian Gärtner, Stefan Kürpig, Rolf Fimmers, Anna Yordanova, Stefan Hauser, Georg Feldmann, Markus Essler, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar
PURPOSE: Radioligand therapy (RLT) with (177)Lu-PSMA-617 (Lu-PSMA-617) (prostate-specific membrane antigen) is a novel targeted therapy for metastatic prostate cancer. In this study, we evaluated the effect of different pre-therapeutic parameters on the therapeutic response measured by prostate-specific antigen(PSA) two months after RLT. METHODS: RLT was performed in 40 hormone and/or chemo refractory patients with distant metastases and progressive disease (mean age: 71...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Hiroki Nishikawa, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Akio Ishii, Ryo Takata, Hirayuki Enomoto, Kazunori Yoh, Kyohei Kishino, Yoshihiro Shimono, Yoshinori Iwata, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
We created a predictive model using serum-based biomarkers for advanced fibrosis (F3 or more) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and to confirm the accuracy in an independent cohort.A total of 249 CHB patients were analyzed. To achieve our study aim, a training group (n = 125) and a validation group (n = 124) were formed. In the training group, parameters related to the presence of advanced fibrosis in univariate and multivariate analyses were examined, and a formula for advanced fibrosis was created...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shi-Hao Xu, Qiao Li, Yuan-Ping Hu, Li Ying
The liver fibrosis index (LFI), based on real‑time tissue elastography (RTE), is a method currently used to assess liver fibrosis. However, this method may not consistently distinguish between the different stages of fibrosis, which limits its accuracy. The aim of the present study was to develop novel models based on biochemical, RTE and ultrasound data for predicting significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. A total of 85 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were prospectively enrolled and underwent a liver biopsy and RTE...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhaoyue Wang, Li Sheng, Yue Yang, Fan Yang, Xiao Xiao, Jing Hua, Canjie Guo, Yiran Wei, Ruqi Tang, Qi Miao, Jun Zhang, Yanmei Li, Jingyuan Fang, Dekai Qiu, Edward L Krawitt, Christopher L Bowlus, M Eric Gershwin, Qixia Wang, Xiong Ma
There is a paucity of information related to the usefulness of corticosteroid therapy in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) with decompensated cirrhosis. In this study, we sought to determine the therapeutic effect of corticosteroids in this special group of AIH patients. Eighty-two AIH patients with decompensated cirrhosis were included through a retrospective analysis from January 2009 to September 2015. Sixty-four patients were treated with corticosteroids while 18 patients did not receive any corticosteroids. Clinical, laboratory, and histological characteristics and outcomes were analyzed comparing corticosteroid-treated and untreated groups...
August 11, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
A Mitchell, B Nokay, H Guberina, U Behlen-Wilm, M Nagel, M Kirschfink, T Wiech, A Kribben, A Bienholz
OBJECTIVE: Malignant hypertension as borne out by uncontrolled hypertension with accelerated target organ damage has a variable and often dire prognosis. Loss of kidney function is a hallmark of the condition and is frequently accompanied by thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). DESIGN AND METHOD: Here we present the case of a patient with malignant hypertension, who was successfully treated using a combination of in-label and off-label medication according to the following pathophysiological concepts: 1) Innate immunity has been identified as a player in blood pressure (BP) control, 2) the complement inhibitor eculizumab has become available for treating atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), which shares many features of malignant hypertension, 3) endothelin (ET) antagonism, although not currently approved for these indications, has been shown to be effective for treating proteinuria and as a possible adjunct for the treatment of resistant hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Richard Layese, Valérie Bourcier, Carole Cagnot, Patrick Marcellin, Dominique Guyader, Stanislas Pol, Dominique Larrey, Victor de Lédinghen, Denis Ouzan, Fabien Zoulim, Dominique Roulot, Albert Tran, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Jean-Pierre Zarski, Ghassan Riachi, Paul Calès, Jean-Marie Péron, Laurent Alric, Marc Bourlière, Philippe Mathurin, Jean-Frédéric Blanc, Armand Abergel, Lawrence Serfaty, Ariane Mallat, Jean-Didier Grangé, Pierre Attali, Yannick Bacq, Claire Wartelle, Thông Dao, Yves Benhamou, Christophe Pilette, Christine Silvain, Christos Christidis, Dominique Capron, Brigitte Bernard-Chabert, David Zucman, Vincent Di Martino, Jean-Claude Trinchet, Pierre Nahon, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval
UNLABELLED: The aim of this work was to develop an individualized score for predicting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with hepatitis C (HCV)-compensated cirrhosis. Among 1,323 patients with HCV cirrhosis enrolled in the French prospective ANRS CO12 CirVir cohort, 720 and 360 were randomly assigned to training and validation sets, respectively. Cox's multivariate model was used to predict HCC, after which a nomogram was computed to assess individualized risk. During follow-up (median, 51...
October 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
H Almiş, I H Bucak, V Çelik, M Tekin, F Karakoç, Ç Konca, M Turgut
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) still continues to be a serious public health problem worldwide. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a marker of platelet function and activation. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between MPV in acute hepatitis A patients as compared to the control group and to assess MPV as an acute phase reactant in acute hepatitis A. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-six patients were enrolled in this study. The control group consisted of 41 healthy age- and sex-matched individuals...
June 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Yue Liu, Zhong-Xia Wang, Yin Cao, Guang Zhang, Wei-Bo Chen, Chun-Ping Jiang
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection remains a major cause of treatment failure and tumor-related death. Patterns of HCC recurrence can be categorized into early recurrence and late recurrence which have different underlying mechanisms. In this study, we investigated if simple inflammation-based clinical markers can distinguish patterns of recurrence after curative resection of HCC. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 223 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC was performed...
June 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Jiyuan Zhou, Yongqiong Deng, Linlin Yan, Hong Zhao, Guiqiang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated serum levels of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The present study aimed to determine whether PDGF-BB could serve as a potential biomarker for the detection of liver fibrosis. METHODS: From October 2013 to August 2015, 465 patients with CHB were enrolled prospectively in this study. All patients underwent liver biopsy and staging based on the Ishak system. The serum PDGF-BB level was measured quantitatively by ELISA...
August 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Fabio Bagante, Gaya Spolverato, Andrea Ruzzenente, Ana Wilson, Faiz Gani, Simone Conci, Alexander Yahanda, Tommaso Campagnaro, Alfredo Guglielmi, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Nomograms may be important clinical tools to estimate the preoperative risk of transfusion and allow for preemptive arrangements for alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusions. METHODS: A multicentric international cohort of 1345 patients who underwent hepatectomy for benign or malign liver diseases was used to validate a nomogram developed by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. RESULTS: A total of 449 (33.3 %) patients received a blood transfusion after hepatectomy...
October 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Qing Pang, Jian-Bin Bi, Zhi-Xin Wang, Xin-Sen Xu, Kai Qu, Run-Chen Miao, Wei Chen, Yan-Yan Zhou, Chang Liu
BACKGROUND: Several hepatic cirrhosis-derived noninvasive models have been developed to predict the incidence and outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of the two novel established cirrhosis-associated models based on gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and platelets in hepatitis B-associated HCC. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 182 HCC patients with positive hepatitis B surface antigen who received radical therapy at a single institution between 2002 and 2012...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Nasheed Moqueet, Curtis Cooper, John Gill, Mark Hull, Robert W Platt, Marina B Klein
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis progresses faster in individuals coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Interferon λ3 (IFN-λ3) has both antiviral and proinflammatory properties. Genotypes at IFNL single-nucleotide proteins (SNPs; rs12979860CC and rs8099917TT) are linked to higher HCV clearance, potentially via rs8103142. We examined the relationship between IFN-λ genotypes and significant liver fibrosis in HIV-HCV coinfection. METHODS: From the prospective Canadian Co-infection Cohort (n = 1423), HCV RNA-positive participants in whom IFN-λ genotypes were detected and who were free of fibrosis, end-stage liver disease, and chronic hepatitis B at baseline (n = 485) were included...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Thomas Melchardt, Katharina Troppan, Lukas Weiss, Clemens Hufnagl, Daniel Neureiter, Wolfgang Tränkenschuh, Konstantin Schlick, Florian Huemer, Alexander Deutsch, Peter Neumeister, Richard Greil, Martin Pichler, Alexander Egle
BACKGROUND: Several serum parameters have been evaluated for adding prognostic value to clinical scoring systems in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but none of the reports used multivariate testing of more than one parameter at a time. The goal of this study was to validate widely available serum parameters for their independent prognostic impact in the era of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network-International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) score to determine which were the most useful...
December 2015: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Hyun-Jin Kim, Hae-Kag Lee, Jae-Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to find the correlations between biochemical study and liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The patients had liver biopsy to check the degree of their liver fibrosis, from August 2013 to August 2014 at the current medical center. In order to find the etiology of hepatitis, a research was done on gender, age, weight, and biochemical study through the investigation of subjects' medical record and medical history. For biochemical study, we examined hemoglobin, platelets, albumin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), prothrombin time (PT), and international normalised ratio (INR)...
September 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Massimo Franchini, Carlo Mengoli, Enrico Capuzzo, Isabella Terenziani, Carlo Bonfanti, Giuseppe Lippi
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated and confirmed the existence of an association between ABO blood type and several human disorders, especially with cardiovascular disease, little is known on the physiological influence or association of ABO blood groups on basal levels of some conventional hematological and metabolic parameters. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total number of 7,723 consecutive healthy blood donors underwent laboratory testing at the time of their first blood donation, which apart from ABO typing included assessment of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, total bilirubin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), triglycerides, creatinine, iron, ferritin, uric acid, glucose, hemoglobin, and platelet count...
February 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Akash Shukla, Swapnali Kapileswar, Nithya Gogtay, Amita Joshi, Prashant Dhore, Chirag Shah, Philip Abraham, Shobna Bhatia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Liver biopsy is the gold standard for detecting fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Due to limitations of biopsy, various combinations of serum markers have been studied to predict liver fibrosis; many of these are patented and expensive, thereby restricting their evaluation. We prospectively evaluated the correlation of commonly used serum markers with fibrosis in Indian patients with NAFLD. METHODS: Fifty-one patients (age 50...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Mustafa Tahtaci, Oyku T Yurekli, Aylin D Bolat, Serdar Balci, Fatma E Akin, Naciye S Buyukasik, Osman Ersoy
AIM: To evaluate the main platelet volume (MPV) as a severity marker in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with biopsy-proven and as yet untreated PBC followed between January 2008 and January 2015 were included in this study. Liver biopsies were categorized as early stage (stage 1 and 2 according to Scheuer's histological stage) and late stage (Scheuer's stage 3 and 4). As part of the routine evaluation, all PBC patients had their full blood count and biochemistry profile determined, where MPV, white blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet count, red cell distribution width (RDW), alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin values were evaluated...
December 2015: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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