keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ventilator associate pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221484/the-impacts-of-baseline-ventilator-parameters-on-hospital-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-treated-with-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Meng-Yu Wu, Yu-Sheng Chang, Chung-Chi Huang, Tzu-I Wu, Pyng-Jing Lin
BACKGROUND: Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is a valuable life support in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adult patients. However, the success of VV-ECMO is known to be influenced by the baseline settings of mechanical ventilation (MV) before its institution. This study was aimed at identifying the baseline ventilator parameters which were independently associated with hospital mortality in non-trauma patients receiving VV-ECMO for severe ARDS. METHODS: This retrospective study included 106 non-trauma patients (mean age: 53 years) who received VV-ECMO for ARDS in a single medical center from 2007 to 2016...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221274/predictors-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-failure-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-due-to-non-hiv-pneumocystis-pneumonia
#2
Won-Young Kim, Heungsup Sung, Sang-Bum Hong, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Jin Won Huh
Background: To evaluate the predictors of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) failure in pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). Methods: Fifty-two non-HIV-related PCP subjects were divided into a HFNC success group (44%) and a HFNC failure group (who required mechanical ventilation (MV) despite HFNC application) (56%). The clinical characteristics and physiologic effects were retrospectively reviewed and compared between the groups...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221272/goal-directed-fluid-restriction-using-stroke-volume-variation-and-cardiac-index-during-one-lung-ventilation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Hui Xu, Shu-Hua Shu, Di Wang, Xiao-Qing Chai, Yan-Hu Xie, Wei-De Zhou
Background: Goal-directed therapy confers a strong prognosis in patients undergoing major cardiac or noncardiac surgery. The present study investigated whether intraoperative goal-directed fluid restriction (GDFR) using stroke volume variation (SVV) and cardiac index could improve oxygenation and postoperative outcome in patients undergoing one-lung ventilation (OLV). Methods: A Total of 168 patients scheduled for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy under OLV were randomized into the GDFR protocol (group G) or conventional fluid therapy groups (group C)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218804/impact-of-diabetes-on-free-flap-surgery-of-the-head-and-neck-a-nsqip-analysis
#4
Jacob S Brady, Aparna Govindan, Meghan M Crippen, Andrey Filimonov, Jean Anderson Eloy, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is associated with microvascular pathology and may predispose patients undergoing microvascular surgery to complications. This study assesses diabetes as a risk factor for complications following free flap surgery of the head and neck. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data on free flap surgeries of the head and neck between 2005 and 2014 was collected from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
December 8, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215801/the-barriers-to-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-from-the-perspective-of-critical-care-nurses-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#5
Vajihe Atashi, Hojatollah Yousefi, Hosein Mahjobipoor, Ahmadreza Yazdannik
INTRODUCTION: Most patients hospitalized in intensive care units need mechanical ventilation. One of the most prevalent and serious complications of mechanical ventilation is ventilator-associated pneumonia. There are different barriers to the prevention of this kind of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian critical care nurses on the barriers to ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention in intensive care units. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study was done on a purposive sample of 23 critical care nurses...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206767/prevention-of-ventilator-associated-and-early-postoperative-pneumonia-through-tapered-endotracheal-tube-cuffs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Bert Maertens, Koen Blot, Stijn Blot
OBJECTIVE: Microaspiration of subglottic secretions is considered a major pathogenic mechanism of hospital-acquired pneumonia, either early postoperative or ventilator-associated pneumonia. Tapered endotracheal tube cuffs have been proposed to provide a better seal of the extraluminal airway, thereby preventing microaspiration and possibly hospital-acquired pneumonia. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the value of endotracheal tubes with tapered cuffs in the prevention of hospital-acquired pneumonia...
December 4, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202739/the-lung-microbiome-in-patients-with-pneumocystosis
#7
J Kehrmann, B Veckollari, D Schmidt, O Schildgen, V Schildgen, N Wagner, M Zeschnigk, L Klein-Hitpass, O Witzke, J Buer, J Steinmann
BACKROUND: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is an opportunistic fungal infection that is associated with a high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. In this study, we analysed the microbiome of the lower respiratory tract from critically ill intensive care unit patients with and without pneumocystosis. METHODS: Broncho-alveolar fluids from 65 intubated and mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients (34 PCP+ and 31 PCP- patients) were collected...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202722/eradication-of-p-aeruginosa-biofilm-in-endotracheal-tubes-based-on-lock-therapy-results-from-an-in-vitro-study
#8
María Jesús Pérez-Granda, María Consuelo Latorre, Beatriz Alonso, Javier Hortal, Rafael Samaniego, Emilio Bouza, María Guembe
BACKGROUND: Despite the several strategies available for the management of biofilm-associated ventilator-associated pneumonia, data regarding the efficacy of applying antibiotics to the subglottic space (SS) are scarce. We created an in vitro model to assess the efficacy of antibiotic lock therapy (ALT) applied in the SS for eradication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm in endotracheal tubes (ETTs). METHODS: We applied 2 h of ALT to a P. aeruginosa biofilm in ETTs using a single dose (SD) and a 5-day therapy model (5D)...
December 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201265/5-nursing-strategies-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#9
Emily Boltey, Olga Yakusheva, Deena Kelly Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Nurse Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201115/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-procalcitonin-as-prognostic-biomarker-in-patients-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-complicated-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#10
Amir Ebrahim Miroliaee, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Shervin Shokouhi, Alireza Fatemi, Seyed Hossein Ardehali, Mohammad Reza Hajiesmaeili, Zahra Sahraei
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common and serious problem that develops after more than 48 h of mechanical ventilation. Improving the activity of immune system with vitamin D, and its consequent impact on prognostic biomarkers of VAP was studied in the current study. A randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 46 patients with VAP, who were suffering from vitamin D deficiency, were randomly allocated into the study groups of placebo (n=22) and treatment (n=24) The treatment group received 300,000 units of intramuscular vitamin D...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201114/once-versus-thrice-daily-colistin-in-critically-ill-ptients-with-multi-drug-resistant-infections
#11
Monireh Ghazaeian, Majid Mokhtari, Mehran Kouchek, MirMohammad Miri, Reza Goharani, Robabeh Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi, Mohammad Sistanizad
The aim of this study was to evaluate the procalcitonin (PCT) changes in two different high-dose colistin regimens in the treatment of multi-drug resistant MDR gram negative infections in ICU patients. This is a prospective study of adult ICU patients with bacteremia and ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by MDR gram negative pathogens. Patients were assigned to two colistin administration groups. Group A received 9 and group B received 3 million international units every 24 and 8 h respectively. Baseline characteristics and measurements of PCT concentrations at the start, the 3rd and the 5th day of the antibiotic therapy and their trends between the two groups were recorded and compared...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200209/-nursing-sensitive-outcomes-and-staffing-a-review-on-healthcare-associated-infection
#12
Matteo Seligardi, Erika Bassi, Maria Mongardi
. Nursing sensitive outcomes and staffing: a review on healthcare associated infection. INTRODUCTION: Healthcare associated infections (HAI) continue to be an unresolved problem in hospital settings. AIM: To assess the relationship between nurse staffing and healthcare associated infections in different settings. METHODS: From April to May 2015 a review of literature was conducted consulting PubMed, CINAHL and Cochrane Library. RESULTS: An increased amount of Registered Nurse Hours Per Patient Day (RNHPPD) and nurse-to-patient ratio was associated to a decreased occurrence of HAI...
October 2017: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199768/invasive-versus-non-invasive-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-failure-in-neuromuscular-disease-and-chest-wall-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Fang Luo, Djillali Annane, David Orlikowski, Li He, Mi Yang, Muke Zhou, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure is a common life-threatening complication of acute onset neuromuscular diseases, and may exacerbate chronic hypoventilation in patients with neuromuscular disease or chest wall disorders. Standard management includes oxygen supplementation, physiotherapy, cough assistance, and, whenever needed, antibiotics and intermittent positive pressure ventilation. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) via nasal, buccal or full-face devices has become routine practice in many centres...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198953/national-bundle-care-program-implementation-to-reduce-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-units-in-taiwan
#14
Chin-Chuan Kao, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Chih-Yu Chen, Ching-Tzu Hung, Ying-Chun Chen, Li-Hsiang Su, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Jein-Wei Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Chien Ko, Yen-Hsu Chen, Shu-Hui Tseng, Chun-Ming Lee, Min-Chi Lu, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of implementing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) bundle care on the rates of VAP in intensive care units (ICUs) in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 10 ICUs (bed number, 170), including surgical (SICUs) (n = 7), cardiovascular/surgical (CV/S-ICUs) (n = 1), and medical ICUs (MICUs) (n = 2) from 10 hospitals (7 medical center hospitals and 3 regional hospitals) were enrolled in this quality-improvement project...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197407/low-tidal-volume-mechanical-ventilation-against-no-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-heart-surgery-mecano-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Lee S Nguyen, Messaouda Merzoug, Philippe Estagnasie, Alain Brusset, Jean-Dominique Law Koune, Stephane Aubert, Thierry Waldmann, Jean-Michel Grinda, Hadrien Gibert, Pierre Squara
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. There are no recommendations on mechanical ventilation associated with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during surgery and anesthesiologists perform either no ventilation (noV) at all during CPB or maintain low tidal volume (LTV) ventilation. Indirect evidence points towards better pulmonary outcomes when LTV is performed but no large-scale prospective trial has yet been published in cardiac surgery...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194526/bacterial-infections-after-burn-injuries-impact-of-multidrug-resistance
#16
Anne M Lachiewicz, Christopher G Hauck, David J Weber, Bruce A Cairns, David van Duin
Patients who are admitted to the hospital after sustaining a large burn injury are at high risk for developing hospital-associated infections. If patients survive the initial 72 hours after a burn injury, infections are the most common cause of death. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is the most important infection in this patient population. The risk of infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens increases with hospital length of stay in burn patients. In the first days of the postburn hospitalization, more susceptible, Gram-positive organisms predominate, whereas later more resistant Gram-negative organisms are found...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193814/hospital-admissions-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-born-moderately-late-preterm
#17
Paula Haataja, Päivi Korhonen, Riitta Ojala, Mikko Hirvonen, Matti Korppi, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi Tammela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and predictors of hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in moderately preterm (MP, 32+0 to 33+6 weeks) and late preterm (LP, 34+0 to 36+6 weeks) infants compared to term (T ≥37 weeks) and very preterm (VP, <32+0 weeks) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This national register-based study covered all infants born in Finland in 1991-2008. Data on 1 018 256 infants were analyzed in four gestational age-based groups: VP (n = 6329), MP (n = 6796), LP (n = 39 928), and T (n = 965 203) groups...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190742/effect-of-nursing-care-hours-on-the-outcomes-of-intensive-care-assistance
#18
Tatiana do Altíssimo Nogueira, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gleice da Silva Castro Perdoná, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Fernanda Maria Togeiro Fugulin, Ana Maria Laus
OBJECTIVES: To correlate the average number of nursing care hours dedicated to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients with nursing care indicators. METHOD: Transverse, descriptive study conducted between 2011 and 2013. Data were obtained from the electronic records system and from the nursing staff daily schedule. Generalized Linear Models were used for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1,717 patients were included in the study. The average NAS (Nursing Activities Score) value was 54...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189950/cost-assessment-of-a-new-oral-care-program-in-the-intensive-care-unit-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#19
Jérôme Ory, Charline Mourgues, Evelyne Raybaud, Russell Chabanne, Jean Christophe Jourdy, Fabien Belard, Renaud Guérin, Bernard Cosserant, Jean Sébastien Faure, Laure Calvet, Bruno Pereira, Dominique Guelon, Ousmane Traore, Laurent Gerbaud
OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent hospital-acquired infections in intensive care units (ICU). In the bundle of care to prevent the VAP, the oral care is very important strategies, to decrease the oropharyngeal bacterial colonization and presence of causative bacteria of VAP. In view of the paucity of medical economics studies, our objective was to determine the cost of implementing this oral care program for preventing VAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In five ICUs, during period 1, caregivers used a foam stick for oral care and, during period 2, a stick and tooth brushing with aspiration...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188069/simultaneous-isolation-of-chryseobacterium-gleum-from-bloodstream-and-respiratory-tract-first-case-report-from-india
#20
Vidhi Jain, Nayani Amrin Fatema Afzal Hussain, Tasneem Siddiqui, Chinmoy Sahu, Malay Ghar, Kashi Nath Prasad
Introduction. Species of the genus Chryseobacterium are emerging healthcare-associated pathogens, often colonizing the hospital environment. There are no clear guidelines available for antimicrobial susceptibility of this organism. In this report we present the first case, to our knowledge, of simultaneous central-line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to Chryseobacterium gleum from India. Case presentation. A 62 years old man with a history of a road traffic accident 1 month previously was referred to our center for further management...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
keyword
keyword
47681
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"