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Obstetrics & Gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676728/detection-of-candida-species-in-pregnant-chinese-women-with-a-molecular-beacon-method
#1
Yanhong Zhai, Jing Liu, Li Zhou, Tongzhen Ji, Lingxin Meng, Yang Gao, Ran Liu, Xiao Wang, Lin Li, Binghuai Lu, Zheng Cao
PURPOSE: Candida pathogens are commonly found in women and can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), whose infection rate is further increased during pregnancy. We aimed to study the Candida prevalence and strain distribution in pregnant Chinese women with a molecular beacon assay. METHODOLOGY: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 993 pregnant women attending routine antenatal visits at the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were enrolled. For Candida detection and identification, a unique molecular beacon assay was presented and compared with a traditional phenotypic method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673665/diminished-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#2
Burcu Tuğrul Ayanoğlu, Elif Didem Özdemir, Onur Türkoğlu, Aslıhan Alhan
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Previous data suggests that women with some chronic inflammatory diseases have diminished ovarian reserve. This study explores ovarian reserve in patients with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 14 female patients with psoriasis and 35 healthy age and body mass index matched controls. An interview explored demographic characteristics, obstetrical history and menstrual characteristics...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673657/outstanding-female-cancer-research-paper-awards-of-the-taiwanese-association-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#3
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673656/outstanding-research-paper-awards-of-the-2017-taiwanese-journal-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#4
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#5
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671223/laparoscopic-paraaortic-surgical-staging-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#6
D Vázquez-Vicente, B Fernández Del Bas, J García Villayzán, H A Di Fiore, J Luna Tirado, V Casado Echarren, J García-Foncillas, J Plaza Arranz, L Chiva
BACKGROUND: One aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy for paraaortic lymph node staging in locally advanced cervical carcinoma. The second aim was to identify prognostic factors in the evolution of this disease and to evaluate how the results of the surgery modify the oncological treatment of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 59 patients diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB2-IVA who underwent laparoscopic paraaortic lymphadenectomy at our hospital between 2009 and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668476/factors-that-influence-surgical-margin-state-in-patients-undergoing-cold-knife-conization-a-single-center-experience
#7
Igor Aluloski, Mile Tanturovski, Gordana Petrusevska, Rubens Jovanovic, Slavica Kostadinova-Kunovska
AIM: To evaluate the factors that influence the surgical margin state in patients undergoing cold knife conization at the University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia Materials and methods: We have retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all patients that underwent a cold knife conization at our Clinic in 2015. We cross-referenced the surgical margin state with the histopathological diagnosis (LSIL, HSIL or micro-invasive/invasive cancer), menopausal status of the patients, number of pregnancies, surgeon experience, operating time and cone depth...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668367/which-patients-with-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-might-benefit-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#8
Omar Mahmoud, Mark H Einstein
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667641/-on-the-occasion-of-his-180th-birthday-anniversary-of-ivan-ivanovich-neiding
#9
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, A V Khodulapov
This article is devoted to the life and professional activities of the internationally renowned forensic doctor Ivan Ivanovich Neiding who became widely known in the early youth as the discoverer of the microscopic diagnostic features of the constriction marks formed in association with hanging and strangulation. During more than 22 years (from 1878 till 1900), I.I. Neiding acted as the head of the Department of Forensic medicine at the Moscow University where a large number of investigations on forensic medical ballistics, toxicology, obstetric and gynecological expertise were carried out under his supervision...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667541/does-suture-material-affect-uterine-scar-healing-after-cesarean-section-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Alper Başbuğ, Ozan Doğan, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu, Mete Çağlar
BACKGROUND: Impaired healing of the uterine scar after cesarean has been associated with adverse gynecological and obstetric outcomes. Although a large number of studies have been conducted on the events leading to this, information obtained from prospective randomized studies examining the role of suture material in the formation of cesarean scar defect (CSD) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of synthetic suture materials on CSD formation. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a two-arm 1:1 randomized study in women with singleton pregnancies undergoing elective primary cesarean delivery after the 38th week of gestation...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664055/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-for-urine-metabolomics-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#11
Ying Zou, Fu-Fan Zhu, Chao-Ying Fang, Xi-Yue Xiong, Hong-Yun Li
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder, and it's diagnosis is difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic profiles of PCOS patients by analyzing urine samples and identify useful biomarkers for diagnosis of PCOS. Methods: This study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hunan Province from December 2014 to July 2016. In this study, the urine samples of 21 women with PCOS and 16 healthy controls were assessed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to investigate the urine metabolite characteristics of PCOS and identify useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of this disorder...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664053/labor-onset-oxytocin-use-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-associated-effects-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#12
Shao-Wen Wu, He Dian, Wei-Yuan Zhang
Background: In the mainland of China, the trial of labor after cesarean section is still a relatively new technique. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of labor onset, oxytocin use, and epidural anesthesia on maternal and neonatal outcomes for vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) in a tertiary hospital in China. Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out on 212 VBAC cases between January 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662719/the-importance-of-uterosacral-ligament-anatomy-in-overactive-bladder-a-preliminary-study
#13
Cevdet Adıgüzel, Esra Selver Saygılı Yılmaz, Sefa Arlıer, Sevtap Seyfettinoğlu, Gökhan Söker, Gülsüm Uysal, Oğuz Yücel, Akın Sivaslıoğlu
Objective: To evaluate whether uterosacral ligament (USL) thickness measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was associated with overactive bladder (OAB) in otherwise healthy women. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 27 women with OAB and 27 healthy women (control group) who were followed up at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of a tertiary referral center. All subjects were evaluated using pelvic MRI to determine the transverse USL thickness...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662714/post-cesarean-scar-endometriosis
#14
Doğan Yıldırım, Cihad Tatar, Ozan Doğan, Adnan Hut, Turgut Dönmez, Muzaffer Akıncı, Mehmet Toptaş, Rahime Nida Bayık
Objective: Endometriosis is seen in women during their reproductive period, where stromal tissue and functional endometrial glands of the uterus are observed outside the uterine cavity. In this study, we aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of our patients who underwent surgery with scar endometriosis and to discuss the surgical results in light of the literature. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 patients who underwent surgery and diagnosed as having endometriosis as the result of a pathologic examination were retrospectively evaluated...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662319/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-value-of-the-cancer-stem-cell-marker-aldh1-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Wenge Zhao, Chuanxin Zang, Tingting Zhang, Jia Li, Ruijuan Liu, Fubin Feng, Qingliang Lv, Liang Zheng, Jinhui Tian, Changgang Sun
Background: The clinicopathological and prognostic values of the cancer stem cell marker aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in ovarian cancer (OC) remain unknown. The aim of our meta-analysis was to evaluate ALDH1's association with clinicopathological characteristics and its prognostic significance in patients with OC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Embase, and China Biology Medicine were systematically searched for eligible studies (up to October 2017). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were used to evaluate the association of ALDH1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival outcomes...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656512/procalcitonin-a-feasible-biomarker-for-severe-bacterial-infections-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#16
EDITORIAL
Benita Tujula, Hannu Kokki, Juha Räsänen, Merja Kokki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655963/abortion-training-in-us-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residency-programs
#17
Jody E Steinauer, Jema K Turk, Tali Pomerantz, Kristin Simonson, Lee A Learman, Uta Landy
BACKGROUND: Nearly 15 years ago, 51% of US obstetrics and gynecology residency training program directors reported that abortion training was routine, 39% reported training was optional, and 10% did not have training. The status of abortion training now is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the current status of abortion training in obstetrics and gynecology residency programs. STUDY DESIGN: Through surveying program directors of US obstetrics and gynecology residency training programs, we conducted a cross-sectional study on the availability and characteristics of abortion training...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653261/assessment-of-obstetric-and-gynecologic-fda-device-approvals-and-recalls
#18
Sheena Galhotra, Joseph Maurice
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the recall rates of Obstetric and Gynecologic devices approved via the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) 510(k) and Premarket Approval (PMA) processes DESIGN: Retrospective Observational Study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) SETTING: Clinical settings in the United States of America that use Obstetric and Gynecologic devices SUBJECTS: 2,249 FDA approved Obstetric and Gynecologic Devices that were recalled between November 1, 2002 and December 31, 2017...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651359/preclinical-labor-and-delivery-shadowing-the-impact-on-medical-students-perceptions-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#19
Sarah Dotters-Katz, Alexis Panzer, Matthew Givens, Marcela Smid, Alice Chuang
Objective  We sought to determine the impact of preclinical exposure (shadowing) to labor and delivery (L&D) on medical students' perceptions of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN). Study Design  We administered a written survey to rising third-year medical students at a single center prior to any clerkship. We described motivation/deterrents for shadowing among students, and experiences/perceptions of those students who shadowed. Results  In total, 119/136 (86%) students completed the survey. Of those, 29% participated in shadowing on L&D...
April 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650503/instructional-video-and-medical-student-surgical-knot-tying-proficiency-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Katarzyna Bochenska, Magdy P Milad, John Ol DeLancey, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp
BACKGROUND: Many senior medical students lack simple surgical and procedural skills such as knot tying. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether viewing a Web-based expert knot-tying training video, in addition to the standard third-year medical student curriculum, will result in more proficient surgical knot tying. METHODS: At the start of their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship, 45 students were videotaped tying surgical knots for 2 minutes using a board model...
April 12, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
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