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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527211/alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-latino-community-intersection-of-genetics-and-social-determinants-of-health
#1
Irving E Vega, Laura Y Cabrera, Cassandra M Wygant, Daniel Velez-Ortiz, Scott E Counts
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia among individuals 65 or older. There are more than 5 million diagnosed cases in the US alone and this number is expected to triple by 2050. Therefore, AD has reached epidemic proportions with significant socioeconomic implications. While aging in general is the greatest risk factor for AD, several additional demographic factors that have contributed to the rise in AD in the US are under study. One such factor is associated with the relatively fast growth of the Latino population...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527104/low-income-as-a-multiplicative-risk-factor-for-oral-pain-and-dental-problems-among-u-s-veteran-smokers
#2
Terrell A Hicks, Sarah M Wilson, Shaun P Thomas, Paul A Dennis, Julia M Neal, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U.S. veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans Health and Needs Study, a study of U...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525586/prevalence-and-correlates-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#3
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Qian-Li Xue, Michelle C Odden
Background.: Frailty is an age-related clinical syndrome of decreased resilience to stressors and is associated with numerous adverse outcomes. Although there is preponderance of literature on frailty in developed countries, limited investigations have been conducted in less developed regions including China-a country that has the world's largest aging population. We examined frailty prevalence in China by socio-demographics and geographic region, and investigated correlates of frailty...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525522/cardiovascular-disease-in-korean-americans-a-systematic-review
#4
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Kyungeh An, Jeongha Sim
BACKGROUND: Despite Korean Americans being one of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States, little is known about their cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease risk factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risks and their contributing factors in Korean Americans and recommend future directions for the development of cardiovascular disease prevention or management research to meet the unique needs of this ethnic group...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#5
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522894/interventional-audiology-to-address-hearing-health-care-disparities-oyendo-bien-pilot-study
#6
REVIEW
Nicole Marrone, Maia Ingram, Maria Somoza, Daisey Sánchez Jacob, Adriana Sanchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Frances P Harris
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521177/how-community-level-social-and-economic-developments-have-changed-the-patterns-of-substance-use-in-a-transition-economy
#7
Xiaozhao Y Yang
Most social changes take place at the community level before indirectly affecting individuals. Although the contextual effect is far-reaching, few studies have investigated the important questions of: how do community-level developments affect drinking and smoking, and how do they change the existing gender and income patterns of drinking and smoking, particularly in transition economies? In this study, I used a Chinese panel dataset between 1991 and 2011 to reveal the moderating effects of community developments...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520683/socioeconomic-consequences-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
Megan R W Barber, Ann E Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review addresses recent literature investigating the socioeconomic consequences of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We highlight the latest updates on health disparities affecting the SLE population, the direct and indirect economic costs of the disease, and less quantifiable costs such as reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RECENT FINDINGS: Health disparities continue to exist among socially disadvantaged populations, including African Americans, Hispanics, and patients with decreased educational attainment and in poverty...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520635/decreasing-disparities-in-child-development-assessment-identifying-and-discussing-possible-delays-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic
#9
Katharine E Zuckerman, Alison E Chavez, Julie A Reeder
OBJECTIVE: To assess how staff at the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) address potential developmental delays and parent developmental concerns in children <5 years. METHODS: A Web-based survey of Oregon WIC staff in nonadministrative roles assessed staff interactions with parents regarding concerning child development/behavior, perceptions of connectedness with local developmental resources, and knowledge of typical child development...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520494/racial-ethnic-disparities-at-the-end-of-an-hiv-epidemic-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-new-york-city-2011-2015
#10
Don C Des Jarlais, Kamyar Arasteh, Courtney McKnight, Jonathan Feelemyer, Susan Tross, David Perlman, Samuel Friedman, Aimee Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether racial/ethnic disparities persist at the "end of the HIV epidemic" (prevalence of untreated HIV infection < 5%; HIV incidence < 0.5 per 100 person-years) among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in New York City. METHODS: We recruited 2404 PWID entering New York City substance use treatment in 2001 to 2005 and 2011 to 2015. We conducted a structured interview, and testing for HIV and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2; a biomarker for high sexual risk)...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520491/firearm-related-laws-in-all-50-us-states-1991-2016
#11
Michael Siegel, Molly Pahn, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
OBJECTIVES: To describe a new database containing detailed annual information on firearm-related laws in place in each of the 50 US states from 1991 to 2016 and to summarize key trends in firearm-related laws during this time period. METHODS: Using Thomson Reuters Westlaw data to access historical state statutes and session laws, we developed a database indicating the presence or absence of each of 133 provisions of firearm laws in each state over the 26-year period...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520490/contextualizing-the-social-determinants-of-health-disparities-in-disability-by-educational-attainment-across-us-states
#12
Jennifer Karas Montez, Anna Zajacova, Mark D Hayward
OBJECTIVES: To examine how disparities in adult disability by educational attainment vary across US states. METHODS: We used the nationally representative data of more than 6 million adults aged 45 to 89 years in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. We defined disability as difficulty with activities of daily living. We categorized education as low (less than high school), mid (high school or some college), or high (bachelor's or higher). We estimated age-standardized disability prevalence by educational attainment and state...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520486/trends-in-school-related-victimization-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youths-massachusetts-1995-2015
#13
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann, Chiniqua N Milligan
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes over time in prevalence of school victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students compared with heterosexual students. METHODS: We analyzed data from 11 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted among representative samples of students in grades 9 through 12 in Massachusetts during 1995 to 2015. We used multivariable logistic regression models to identify trends over time by sexual identity. RESULTS: During 1995 to 2015, the prevalence of missing school decreased overall (from 5...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520483/effect-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-disparities-in-breastfeeding-the-case-of-maine
#14
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Alice Noble, Christopher F Baum
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Affordable Care Act (ACA) breastfeeding provision and test whether changes in coverage affected women differently according to health insurance status. METHODS: We used the All-Payer Claims Database from Maine (2012-2014) to compare health insurance claims for lactation classes and breast pumps between women with private insurance and women with Medicaid (1) before the ACA breastfeeding provision, (2) after the provision came into effect, and (3) after health insurance expansion through the Marketplace...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#15
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517042/the-impact-of-the-aca-medicaid-expansions-on-health-insurance-coverage-through-2015-and-coverage-disparities-by-age-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#16
George L Wehby, Wei Lyu
OBJECTIVE: Examine the ACA Medicaid expansion effects on Medicaid take-up and private coverage through 2015 and coverage disparities by age, race/ethnicity, and gender. DATA SOURCES: 2011-2015 American Community Survey for 3,137,989 low-educated adults aged 19-64 years. STUDY DESIGN: Difference-in-differences regressions accounting for national coverage trends and state fixed effects. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Expansion effects doubled in 2015 among low-educated adults, with a nearly 8 percentage-point increase in Medicaid take-up and 6 percentage-point decline in uninsured rate...
May 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516084/editorial-health-disparities-an-important-public-health-policy-concern
#17
EDITORIAL
Haichang Xin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515272/racial-disparities-in-neurologic-health-care-access-and-utilization-in-the-united-states
#18
Altaf Saadi, David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler, Nicte I Mejia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate racial and ethnic differences in the utilization of neurologic care across a wide range of neurologic conditions in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data from the 2006-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), including information on demographics, patient-reported health conditions, neurology visit rates, and costs. Using diagnostic codes, we identified persons with any self-identified neurologic disorder except back pain, as well as 5 subgroups (Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, headache, cerebrovascular disease, and epilepsy)...
May 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515047/centrosome-amplification-a-suspect-in-breast-cancer-and-racial-disparities
#19
Angela Ogden, Padmashree C G Rida, Ritu Aneja
The multifaceted involvement of centrosome amplification (CA) in tumorigenesis is coming into focus following years of meticulous experimentation, which have elucidated the powerful abilities of CA to promote cellular invasion, disrupt stem cell division, drive chromosomal instability (CIN), and perturb tissue architecture, activities that can accelerate tumor progression. Integration of the extant in vitro, in vivo, and clinical data suggests that in some tissues CA may be a tumor-initiating event, in others a consequential "hit" in multistep tumorigenesis, and in still others non-tumorigenic...
May 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514081/weight-loss-and-improved-metabolic-outcomes-amongst-rural-african-american-women-in-the-deep-south-six-month-outcomes-from-a-community-based-randomized-trial
#20
J D Ard, T L Carson, J M Shikany, Y Li, C M Hardy, J C Robinson, A G Williams, M L Baskin
BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly prevalent in African American women, especially those in the rural southern USA, resulting in persistent health disparities. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an evidence-based behavioural weight loss intervention delivered by community health advisors to African American women in the rural south. DESIGN AND METHODS: Overweight or obese African American women (30-70 years) from eight counties in Mississippi and Alabama participated in a 24-month randomized controlled trial of an evidence-based behavioural weight loss programme augmented with community strategies to support healthy lifestyles (Weight Loss Plus, N = 154) compared to the weight loss programme alone (Weight Loss Only, N = 255)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
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