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Fangfang Chen, Yunhong Dong, Yanxia Zhao
A dual responsive molecularly imprinted polymer sensitive to both photonic and magnetic stimuli was successfully prepared for the detection of four sulfonamides in aqueous media. The photoresponsive magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer was prepared by surface imprinted polymerization using superparamagnetic Fe3 O4 nanoparticles functionalized with a silica layer as a support, water-soluble 4-[(4-methacryloyloxy)phenylazo]benzenesulfonic acid as the functional monomer, and sulfadiazine as the template. The magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers showed specific affinity to sulfadiazine and its structural analogs in aqueous media...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
A Sen, C Das, M Mukhopadhyay, S Mukhopadhyay, S Deb, B Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the pituitary gland and sellar region represent approximately 10-15% of all brain tumors. Pituitary adenoma (PA), the most common pathology of the pituitary gland, can be effectively subclassified only with the help of immunohistochemistry (IHC). This is important and needed for individual patient management. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to analyze the importance of intraoperative imprint smear cytology and correlating with final histopathological diagnosis...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Chong Kun Cheon
The Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a human imprinting disorder resulting from genomic alterations that inactivate imprinted, paternally expressed genes in human chromosome region 15q11-q13. This genetic condition appears to be a contiguous gene syndrome caused by the loss of at least 2 of a number of genes expressed exclusively from the paternal allele, including SNRPN, MKRN3, MAGEL2, NDN and several snoRNAs, but it is not yet well known which specific genes in this region are associated with this syndrome...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Jing Xue, Sarah A Schoenrock, William Valdar, Lisa M Tarantino, Folami Y Ideraabdullah
BACKGROUND: Environmental perturbation of epigenetic mechanisms is linked to a growing number of diseases. Characterizing the role environmental factors play in modifying the epigenome is important for disease etiology. Vitamin D is an essential nutrient affecting brain, bone, heart, immune and reproductive health. Vitamin D insufficiency is a global issue, and the role in maternal and child health remains under investigation. METHODS: We used Collaborative Cross (CC) inbred mice to characterize the effect of maternal vitamin D depletion on offspring phenotypic and epigenetic outcomes at imprinted domains (H19/Igf2, Snrpn, Dlk1/Gtl2, and Grb10) in the soma (liver) and germline (sperm)...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
Clive J Petry, Nuria Sanz Marcos, Gracielle Pimentel, M Geoffrey Hayes, Michael Nodzenski, Denise M Scholtens, Ieuan A Hughes, Carlo L Acerini, Ken K Ong, William L Lowe, David B Dunger
In addition to maternal genes and environmental exposures, variation in fetal imprinted genes could also affect maternal blood pressure during pregnancy. Our objective was to test the associations between polymorphic variants in 16 imprinted genes and maternal mean arterial blood pressures in 1160 DNA trios from 2 established birth cohorts (the Cambridge Baby Growth and Wellbeing Studies) and seek replication in 1367 Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study participants. Significant univariate associations, all independent of fetal sex, were observed in the Cambridge cohorts, including FAM99A rs1489945 transmitted from the mother (P=2×10(-)(4)), DLK1 rs10139403 (mother; P=9×10(-)(4)), DLK1 rs12147008 (mother; P=1×10(-)(3)), H19 rs217222 (father; P=1×10(-)(3)), SNRPN rs1453556 (father; P=1×10(-)(3)), IGF2 rs6356 (father; P=1×10(-)(3)), and NNAT rs6066671 (father; P=1×10(-)(3))...
October 24, 2016: Hypertension
Tatsanee Phermthai, Kittima Tungprasertpol, Suphakde Julavijitphong, Puttachart Pokathikorn, Sasiprapa Thongbopit, Suparat Wichitwiengrat
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) can effectively repair endometrial deficiencies, including infertile patients with a problem of inadequate endometrium thickness. Although, MSC derived from different organ sources have a similarity of MSC specific characteristics, endometrial stem cells (EMSC) are temporally regulated throughout the menstrual cycle in a micro-environmental niche found only in endometrial tissue. Given the micro-environment niche, developing treatments for endometrial disorders with EMSC should be a top priority...
October 21, 2016: Reproductive Biology
Yilin Wu, Xinlin Liu, Jiuyun Cui, Minjia Meng, Jiangdong Dai, Chunxiang Li, Yongsheng Yan
Significant efforts have been focused on the functionalization and simplification of membrane-associated molecularly imprinted materials, which can rapidly recognize and separate specific compound. However, issues such as low permselectivity and unstable composite structures are restricting it from developing stage to a higher level. In this work, with the bioinspired design of polydopamine (pDA)-assisted inorganic film, we present a novel molecular imprinting strategy to integrate multilevel nanocomposites (Ag/pDA) into the porous membrane structure...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Mary A M Cleaton, Claire L Dent, Mark Howard, Jennifer A Corish, Isabelle Gutteridge, Ulla Sovio, Francesca Gaccioli, Nozomi Takahashi, Steven R Bauer, D Steven Charnock-Jones, Theresa L Powell, Gordon C S Smith, Anne C Ferguson-Smith, Marika Charalambous
Pregnancy is a state of high metabolic demand. Fasting diverts metabolism to fatty acid oxidation, and the fasted response occurs much more rapidly in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women. The product of the imprinted DLK1 gene (delta-like homolog 1) is an endocrine signaling molecule that reaches a high concentration in the maternal circulation during late pregnancy. By using mouse models with deleted Dlk1, we show that the fetus is the source of maternal circulating DLK1. In the absence of fetally derived DLK1, the maternal fasting response is impaired...
October 24, 2016: Nature Genetics
Gorana G Stamenković, Valentina S Ćirković, Marina M Šiljić, Jelena V Blagojević, Aleksandra M Knežević, Ivana D Joksić, Maja P Stanojević
The aim of this study was to estimate substitution rate and imprints of natural selection on parvovirus B19 genotype 1. Studied datasets included 137 near complete coding B19 genomes (positions 665 to 4851) for phylogenetic and substitution rate analysis and 146 and 214 partial genomes for selection analyses in open reading frames ORF1 and ORF2, respectively, collected 1973-2012 and including 9 newly sequenced isolates from Serbia. Phylogenetic clustering assigned majority of studied isolates to G1A. Nucleotide substitution rate for total coding DNA was 1...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kenji Amemiya, Yosuke Hirotsu, Taichiro Goto, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Toshio Oyama, Masao Omata
Identifying genetic alterations in tumors is critical for molecular targeting of therapy. In the clinical setting, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue is usually employed for genetic analysis. However, DNA extracted from FFPE tissue is often not suitable for analysis because of its low levels and poor quality. Additionally, FFPE sample preparation is time-consuming. To provide early treatment for cancer patients, a more rapid and robust method is required for precision medicine. We present a simple method for genetic analysis, called touch imprint cytology combined with massively paralleled sequencing (touch imprint cytology [TIC]-seq), to detect somatic mutations in tumors...
October 24, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Rumana Ahmad, Tahmeena Khan, Bilal Ahmad, Aparna Misra, Anil K Balapure
Tapeworms (cestodes) are segmented flatworms responsible for causing diseases that may prove fatal and difficult to treat in the absence of proper treatment and efficient drugs. Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common parasitic infection of the central nervous system and a major contributor to epilepsy caused by the metacestode (larva) of the human tapeworm Taenia solium, characterized by a range of pathological symptoms including epileptic seizures, headaches, and hydrocephalus. Cysticercosis is considered as a "biological imprint" of the socioeconomic development of a community in general and a country in particular...
October 24, 2016: Parasitology Research
Analía Rial, Florencia Ferrara, Norma Suárez, Paola Scavone, Juan Martín Marqués, José Alejandro Chabalgoity
Respiratory tract infections are among the most frequent infections in humans causing millions of deaths especially in children and the elderly. Antibiotics and vaccines are the main available tools of control, but resistant strains are continuously arising and available vaccines only account for few of many pathogens involved. Non-specific immunotherapies are an emerging alternative to induce protective immunity at the airways. Mucosally administered polyvalent bacterial lysates (PBLs) have been widely used for decades for prevention of respiratory diseases, but the bases of their proposed therapeutic effectiveness are still controversial...
October 20, 2016: Microbes and Infection
Arash Asfaram, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Kheibar Dashtian
Ultrasound-assisted dispersive solid phase microextraction followed by UV-vis spectrophotometer (UA-DSPME-UV-vis) was designed for extraction and preconcentration of nicotinamide (vitamin B3) by HKUST-1 metal organic framework (MOF) based molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP). This new material was characterized by FTIR and FE-SEM techniques. The preliminary Plackett-Burman design was used for screening and subsequently the central composite design justifies significant terms and possible construction of mathematical equation which give the individual and cooperative contribution of variables like HKUST-1-MOF-NA-MIP mass, sonication time, temperature, eluent volume, pH and vortex time...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Arash Asfaram, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Kheibar Dashtian
Magnetite (Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs)) HKUST-1 metal organic framework (MOF) composite as a support was used for surface imprinting of gallic acid imprinted polymer (HKUST-1-MOF-Fe3O4-GA-MIP) using vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMOS) as the cross-linker. Subsequently, HKUST-1-MOF-Fe3O4-NPs-GA-MIP characterized by FT-IR, XRD and FE-SEM analysis and applied for fast and selective and sensitive ultrasound assisted dispersive magnetic solid phase microextraction of gallic acid (GA) by UV-Vis (UA-DMSPME-UV-Vis) detection method...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
C Green, B Dessauvagie, F Frost, C Robinson, J Harvey, G Sterrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Fang Lan, Shaohua Ma, Jin Ma, Qi Yang, Qiangying Yi, Yao Wu, Zhongwei Gu
A combination strategy of moderate self-polymerization and assembly technique was proposed to fabricate superparamagnetic surface imprinted nanocomposites (SSINs) for efficient protein recognition. Homogeneous Fe3O4/Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/Poly (dihydroxyphenylacetic acid) (PDOPA) SSINs were obtained via self-polymerization of DOPA on the surface of Fe3O4/PMMA nanospheres in the presence of lysozyme (Lyz) as a template. The Lyz-imprinted Fe3O4/PMMA/PDOPA SSINs possessed average diameters of 200nm, high magnetic content, high saturation magnetization, as well as excellent specific recognition capacity toward Lyz template, exhibiting their great potential for biomacromolecular recognition...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Mehmet Emin Çorman, Canan Armutcu, Lokman Uzun, Adil Denizli
In this study, cryogel-based molecularly imprinted composite cartridges were designed for the rapid, efficient, and selective preconcentration of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) from water samples. First, a BaP-imprinted poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-N-methacryloyl-(L)-phenylalanine) composite cartridge was synthesized under semi-frozen conditions and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and swelling tests. After the optimization of preconcentration parameters, i...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Aqiba Bokhari, Patricia G Tiscornia-Wasserman
Renal cell carcinoma metastases to pancreas, thyroid, and contralateral adrenal gland are decidedly uncommon. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most frequent subtype. Cytology diagnosis may be challenging. A 74-year-old male with remote history of vocal cord malignancy and hypertension presented with abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed 8.4 cm left renal mass highly suspicious for renal cell carcinoma, a 1.8 cm mass within vessels near left adrenal and a 2.5 cm mass in pancreatic tail...
October 22, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Pengqi Guo, Xinya Xu, Liang Xian, Yanhui Ge, Zhimin Luo, Wei Du, Wanghui Jing, Aiguo Zeng, Chun Chang, Qiang Fu
Nowadays, the illegal use of estradiol in cosmetics has caused a series of events which endangering public health seriously. Therefore, it is imperative to establish a simple, fast and specific method for monitoring the illegal use of estradiol in cosmetics. In current study, we developed a molecular imprinted monolithic column two dimensional liquid chromatography method (MIMC-2D-LC) for rapid and selective determination of estradiol in various cosmetic samples. The best polymerization, morphology, structure property, surface groups, and the adsorption performance of the prepared material were investigated...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Qiaohui Luo, Neng Yu, Chunfei Shi, Xiaoping Wang, Jianmin Wu
A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor combined with nanoscale molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film as recognition element was developed for selective detection of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin (CIP). The MIP film on SPR sensor chip was prepared by in situ photo-initiated polymerization method which has the advantages of short polymerization time, controllable thickness and good uniformity. The surface wettability and thickness of MIP film on SPR sensor chip were characterized by static contact angle measurement and stylus profiler...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
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