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Saurav Mallik, Sudipto Basu, Suman Hait, Sudip Kundu
Do coding and regulatory segments of a gene co-evolve with each-other? Seeking answers to this question, here we analyze the case of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S15, that represses its own translation by specifically binding its messenger RNA (rpsO mRNA) and stabilizing a pseudoknot structure at the upstream untranslated region, thus trapping the ribosome into an incomplete translation initiation complex. In the absence of S15, ribosomal protein S1 recognizes rpsO and promotes translation by melting this very pseudoknot...
April 21, 2018: Proteins
Ahmed R Gardouh, Bassant M Barakat, Mona K E Qushawy, Amany Y El-Kazzaz, Manal M Sami, Sawsan A Zaitone
Recently, nanotechnology has received great attention in war against cancer. The present study investigated the antitumor efficacy of molecularly imprinted nanopreparation of 5-fluorouracil (nano-5-FU) against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) solid tumors grown in mice. Tumor cells were transplanted into female albino mice. Mice were allocated into 5 groups; Group 1: control EAC bearing mice. Groups 2&3: EAC-bearing mice treated orally with 5-FU (5 and 10 mg/kg) twice weekly. Groups 4&5: EAC bearing mice treated with nano-5-FU (5 and 10 mg/kg) twice weekly...
April 17, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Xiaoli Sun, Junyu Peng, Muhua Wang, Jincheng Wang, Chunlan Tang, Luoxing Yang, Hua Lei, Fang Li, Xueli Wang, Jiping Chen
This paper describes the determination of bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol E (BPE), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol AF (BPAF), bisphenol AP (BPAP), bisphenol Z (BPZ) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in sewage and sludge samples. A highly class-selective dummy molecularly imprinted polymer was used for solid phase extraction (SPE) and clean-up of the samples. Bisphenols was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). The developed method had acceptable recoveries (43...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Adeel Afzal, Franz L Dickert
The oxides of transition, post-transition and rare-earth metals have a long history of robust and fast responsive recognition elements for electronic, optical, and gravimetric devices. A wide range of applications successfully utilized pristine or doped metal oxides and polymer-oxide hybrids as nanostructured recognition elements for the detection of biologically relevant molecules, harmful organic substances, and drugs as well as for the investigative process control applications. An overview of the selected recognition applications of molecularly imprinted sol-gel phases, metal oxides and hybrid nanomaterials composed of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP) and metal oxides is presented herein...
April 20, 2018: Nanomaterials
Lizong Chen, Rongyu Wang, Li Cui, Xiao Wang, Leilei Wang, Fanyong Song, Wenhua Ji
Five iridoid glycosides were prepared using molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction combined with preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Hydrophilic molecularly imprinted polymers were synthesized using α-1-allyl-2-N-acetyl glucosamine, which introduced an abundance of hydrophilic groups into the polymers. Using molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction as the sample pretreatment procedure, five iridoid glycosides, gardenoside, geniposide, shanzhiside, geniposidic acid, and genipin-1-O-gentiobioside, were selectively enriched from Gardenia fructus extracts...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Xin Li, Xiaoguo Ma, Renfeng Huang, Xiaowen Xie, Lihui Guo, Menyuan Zhang
Atrazine contamination of water is of considerable concern because of the potential hazard to human health. In this study, a magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer for atrazine was prepared by the surface imprinting technique using Fe3 O4 as the core, mesoporous silica as the carrier, atrazine as the template and itaconic acid as the functional monomer. The magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and vibration sample magnetometry...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Edvaldo V Soares Maciel, Ana Lúcia de Toffoli, Fernando Mauro Lanças
The accelerated rising of the world's population increased the consumption of food, thus demanding more rigors in the control of residue and contaminants in food-based products marketed for human consumption. In view of the complexity of most food matrices, including fruits, vegetables, different types of meat, beverages, among others, a sample preparation step is important to provide more reliable results when combined with high performance liquid chromatography separations. An adequate sample preparation step before the chromatographic analysis is mandatory in obtaining higher precision and accuracy in order to improve the extraction of the target analytes, one of the priorities in analytical chemistry...
April 20, 2018: Electrophoresis
Sara Benedé, Evan Cody, Charuta Agashe, M Cecilia Berin
PURPOSE: It is well appreciated that mast cells (MCs) demonstrate tissue-specific imprinting, with different biochemical and functional properties between connective tissue MCs (CTMCs) and mucosal MCs (MMCs). Although in vitro systems have been developed to model these different subsets, there has been limited investigation into the functional characteristics of the 2 major MC subsets. Here, we report the immunologic characterization of 2 MCs subsets developed in vitro from bone marrow progenitors modeling MMCs and CTMCs...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Ludiele Souza Castro, Adriana de Oliveira França, Eduardo de Castro Ferreira, Manoel Sebastião da Costa Lima Júnior, Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo, Agnes Antônia Sampaio Pereira, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros Dorval
Leishmaniasis represents a complex of diseases with a broad clinical spectrum and epidemiological diversity. Involving a variety of agents, reservoirs, and vectors, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) presents different transmission patterns, which makes its control especially difficult. Epidemiological characterization with identification of existing Leishmania species in a particular region is essential for understanding this parasitosis epidemiology. Because similar results may be observed in places with overlapping transmission of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis, contributing to knowledge about the epidemiological cycle of cutaneous leishmaniasis is of global interest...
April 20, 2018: Parasitology Research
Jian Lu, Yilin Wu, Xinyu Lin, Jia Gao, Hongjun Dong, Li Chen, Yingying Qin, Liang Wang, Yongsheng Yan
The increasing amount of europium in aqueous environment from rare earth industry has become a serious environmental challenge. Significant efforts have been focused on ion-imprinting membranes (IIMs) for selective separation of ions from analogues. Based on ion-imprinting technique, we have developed Eu3+ -imprinted nanocomposite membranes (Eu-IIMs) for selectively separating Eu3+ from La3+ , Gd3+ and Sm3+ . Polydopamine (pDA) was previously synthesized on basal membranes to augment the interfacial adhesion...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Caio S A Felix, Darllen G Silva, Heloysa M C Andrade, Valeria B Riatto, Mauricio M Victor, Sergio L C Ferreira
This work proposes an on-line preconcentration system using ion-imprinted polymer (IIP) for determination of bismuth in seawater employing atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). The polymer was synthesized using 2- (5-bromo-2-pyridylazo) -5-diethylaminophenol (Br-PADAP) for complex formation, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), cross-linking reagent and methacrylic acid (AMA) reagents, used as the functional monomer, 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile was used as the radical initiator. The polymer was characterized employing the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Daojin Li, Tianyong Tu, Mengke Yang, Chen Xu
In view of the significance of glycoprotein biomarkers for early clinical diagnostics and treatments of diseases, it is essential to develop efficient and selective enrichment approaches for glycoproteins. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have found important applications for separation and enrichment of glycoproteins. In this study, we use boronate affinity-based controllable oriented surface imprinting to prepare glycoprotein-imprinted magnetic nanoparticles. A glycoprotein was first immobilized onto the surface of boronic acid functionalized magnetic nanoparticles by boronate affinity...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Dan-Dan Wang, Die Gao, Wan-Jun Xu, Fan Li, Man-Ni Yin, Qi-Feng Fu, Zhi-Ning Xia
In present study, novel magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers for hesperetin were successfully prepared by surface molecular imprinting method using functionalized Fe3 O4 particles as the magnetic cores. Hesperetin as the template, N-Isopropylacrylamide as the functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethyl acrylate as the crosslinker, 2,2-azobisisobutyonnitrile as initiator and acetonitrile-methanol (3:1, v/v) as the porogen were applied in the preparation process. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope, x-ray diffraction and vibrating sample magnetometry were applied to characterize the magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Meriem Fizir, Liu Wei, Niu Muchuan, Asma Itatahine, Yamina Ait Mehdi, Hua He, Pierre Dramou
This article describes the development, optimization, and evaluation of a novel composite imprinted polymer, on the basis of magnetic halloysite nanotubes (MHNTs-MIPs) using "Quality by Design (QbD)" approach combining computer simulation and response surface methodology. Norfloxacin, methacrylic acid, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate were used as template, functional monomer and cross-linker, respectively. As a comparison, two MHNTs-MIPs have been prepared with the most suitable functional monomer methacrylic acid (MAA) along with acrylamide (AM)...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Pedro Henrique Reis da Silva, Melina Luiza Vieira Diniz, Gerson Antônio Pianetti, Isabela da Costa César, Maria Elisa Scarpelli Ribeiro E Silva, Roberto Fernando de Souza Freitas, Ricardo Geraldo de Sousa, Christian Fernandes
Lumefantrine is the first-choice treatment of Falciparum uncomplicated malaria. Recent findings of resistance to lumefantrine has brought attention for the importance of therapeutic monitoring, since exposure to subtherapeutic doses of antimalarials after administration is a major cause of selection of resistant parasites. Therefore, this study focused on the development of innovative, selective, less expensive and stable molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of lumefantrine from human plasma to be used in drug monitoring...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
Moupali Ghosh, Nelofar Islam, Hinglaj Saha, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Chhanda Datta, Koushik Saha, Uttara Chatterjee
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a tumor of intermediate grade with a low rate of metastasis. The tumor often mimics malignancy. There is sparse literature available describing the cytological findings of this rare condition. It often presents in infancy and childhood as an intra-abdominal mass. Here, we describe the cytological findings of three cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in infants aged 10 months, 4 months, and 15 months, respectively. While the first two cases are fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears, the third case is that of an intraoperative imprint cytology...
April 19, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Martina Kosikova, Lei Li, Peter Radvak, Zhiping Ye, Xiu-Feng Wan, Hang Xie
Background: Reduced seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) was observed in individuals who received repeated annual vaccinations. Pre-existing influenza antibody levels were also found inversely correlated with post-vaccination titers. These reports suggest that pre-existing immunity may affect contemporary seasonal vaccine performance. Methods: Influenza A/H3 specific cross-reactivity of post-vaccination sera from humans with or without pre-existing immunity was assessed by hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
J W Lowdon, S M O Alkirkit, R E Mewis, D Fulton, C E Banks, O B Sutcliffe, M Peeters
In this communication, we present the first developed Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) for the specific detection of a New Psychoactive Substance (NPS); namely, methoxphenidine (MXP) and its regioisomers. Selectivity of the MIP towards MXP is studied by analysing mixtures and an acquired street sample with High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to UV detection. The study demonstrates that the engineered polymers selectively extract MXP from heterogeneous samples, which makes for a very powerful diagnostic tool that can detect traces of MXP in complicated NPS samples...
April 19, 2018: Analyst
Ernesto Doncel-Pérez, Gary Ellis, Christophe Sandt, Peter S Shuttleworth, Agatha Bastida, Julia Revuelta, Eduardo García-Junceda, Alfonso Fernández-Mayoralas, Leoncio Garrido
Therapeutic options for spinal cord injuries are severely limited; current treatments only offer symptomatic relief and rehabilitation focused on educating the individual on how to adapt to their new situation to make best possible use of their remaining function. Thus, new approaches are needed, and interest in the development of effective strategies to promote the repair of neural tracts in the central nervous system inspired us to prepare functional and highly anisotropic polymer scaffolds. In this work, an initial assessment of the behavior of rat neural progenitor cells (NPCs) seeded on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) fiber scaffolds using synchrotron-based infrared microspectroscopy (SIRMS) is described...
April 18, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Saumik Biswas, Anu Alice Thomas, Subrata Chakrabarti
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are critical regulators in a multitude of biological processes. Recent evidences demonstrate potential pathogenetic implications of lncRNAs in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM); however, the majority of lncRNAs have not been comprehensively characterized. While the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of lncRNAs remain to be deciphered in DCM, emerging data in other pathophysiological conditions suggests that lncRNAs can have versatile features such as genomic imprinting, acting as guides for certain histone-modifying complexes, serving as scaffolds for specific molecules, or acting as molecular sponges...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
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