Read by QxMD icon Read

Williams, sarah

Scott A Norris, H A Jinnah, Alberto J Espay, Christine Klein, Norbert Brüggemann, Richard L Barbano, Irene Andonia C Malaty, Ramon L Rodriguez, Marie Vidailhet, Emmanuel Roze, Stephen G Reich, Brian D Berman, Mark S LeDoux, Sarah Pirio Richardson, Pinky Agarwal, Zoltan Mari, William G Ondo, Ludy C Shih, Susan H Fox, Alfredo Berardelli, Claudia M Testa, Florence Ching-Fen Cheng, Daniel Truong, Fatta B Nahab, Tao Xie, Mark Hallett, Ami R Rosen, Laura J Wright, Joel S Perlmutter
BACKGROUND: Clinical characteristics of isolated idiopathic cervical dystonia such as onset site and spread to and from additional body regions have been addressed in single-site studies with limited data and incomplete or variable dissociation of focal and segmental subtypes. The objectives of this study were to characterize the clinical characteristics and demographics of isolated idiopathic cervical dystonia in the largest standardized multicenter cohort. METHODS: The Dystonia Coalition, through a consortium of 37 recruiting sites in North America, Europe, and Australia, recruited 1477 participants with focal (60...
October 18, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Sarah L Smith, Christopher Boothman, Heather A Williams, Beverly L Ellis, Joanna Wragg, Julia M West, Jonathan R Lloyd
Geological disposal of intermediate level radioactive waste in the UK is planned to involve the use of cementitious materials, facilitating the formation of an alkali-disturbed zone within the host rock. The biogeochemical processes that will occur in this environment, and the extent to which they will impact on radionuclide migration, are currently poorly understood. This study investigates the impact of biogeochemical processes on the mobility of the radionuclide technetium, in column experiments designed to be representative of aspects of the alkali-disturbed zone...
October 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Michelle K Haas, Kristen Dalton, Bryan C Knepper, Sarah A Stella, Lilia Cervantes, Connie S Price, William J Burman, Philip S Mehler, Timothy C Jenkins
Background.  Syndrome-specific interventions are a recommended approach to antibiotic stewardship, but additional data are needed to understand their potential impact. We implemented an intervention to improve the management of inpatient community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and evaluated its effects on antibiotic and resource utilization. Methods.  A stakeholder group developed and implemented a clinical practice guideline and order set for inpatient, non-intensive care unit CAP recommending a short course (5 days) of a fluoroquinolone-sparing antibiotic regimen in uncomplicated cases...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Sarah Nutter, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Angela S Alberga, Nancy Arthur, Anusha Kassan, Darren E Lund, Monica Sesma-Vazquez, Emily Williams
Weight bias is a form of stigma with detrimental effects on the health and wellness of individuals with large bodies. Researchers from various disciplines have recognized weight bias as an important topic for public health and for professional practice. To date, researchers from various areas have approached weight bias from independent perspectives and from differing theoretical orientations. In this paper, we examined the similarities and differences between three perspectives (i.e., weight-centric, non-weight-centric (health-centric), and health at every size) used to understand weight bias and approach weight bias research with regard to (a) language about people with large bodies, (b) theoretical position, (c) identified consequences of weight bias, and (d) identified influences on weight-based social inequity...
2016: Journal of Obesity
Amanda N Fader, James Java, Meaghan Tenney, Stephanie Ricci, Camille C Gunderson, Sarah M Temkin, Nick Spirtos, Christina L Kushnir, Michael L Pearl, Oliver Zivanovic, Krishnansu S Tewari, David O'Malley, Ellen M Hartenbach, Chad A Hamilton, Natalie S Gould, Robert S Mannel, William Rodgers, Joan L Walker
OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the clinicopathologic features, recurrence patterns and survival outcomes of women with high-grade uterine cancer (UC) enrolled on The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) LAP2 trial. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of LAP-2 patients with grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma (ENDO), uterine serous (USC), clear cell (CC) and carcinosarcoma (CS). Demographics, clinicopathologic features, and recurrence patterns, were compared by histology and surgical approach...
October 12, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
R Hamish McAllister-Williams, Kate Bones, Guy M Goodwin, John Harrison, Cornelius Katona, Jill Rasmussen, Sarah Strong, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Cognitive dysfunction occurs in depression and can persist into remission. It impacts on patient functioning but remains largely unrecognised, unmonitored and untreated. We explored understanding of cognitive dysfunction in depression among UK clinicians. METHODS: A multi-step consultation process. Step 1: a multi-stakeholder steering committee identified key themes of burden, detection and management of cognitive dysfunction in depression, and developed statements on each to explore understanding and degree of agreement among clinicians...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nicola Logan, William G Dundon, Adama Diallo, Michael D Baron, M James Nyarobi, Sarah Cleaveland, Julius Keyyu, Robert Fyumagwa, Margaret J Hosie, Brian J Willett
The measurement of virus-specific neutralising antibodies represents the "gold-standard" for diagnostic serology. For animal morbilliviruses, such as peste des petits ruminants (PPRV) or rinderpest virus (RPV), live virus-based neutralisation tests require high-level biocontainment to prevent the accidental escape of the infectious agents. In this study, we describe the adaptation of a replication-defective vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVΔG) based pseudotyping system for the measurement of neutralising antibodies against animal morbilliviruses...
October 11, 2016: Vaccine
Sarah Abdullah, William Reginold, Courtney Kiss, Karen J Harrison, Jennifer J MacKenzie
Childhood obesity is a growing health concern, associated with significant physical and psychological morbidity. Childhood obesity is known to have a strong genetic component, with mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene being the most common monogenetic cause of obesity. Over 166 different MC4R mutations have been identified in persons with hyperphagia, severe childhood obesity, and increased linear growth. However, it is unclear whether the MC4-R deficiency phenotype is due to haploinsufficiency or dominant-negative effects by the mutant receptor...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Jason D Marshall, Darren S Heeke, Eileen Rao, Sean K Maynard, David Hornigold, Christopher McCrae, Neil Fraser, Andrey Tovchigrechko, Li Yu, Nicola Williams, Sarah King, Martin E Cooper, Adeline M Hajjar, Jennifer C Woo
The best-characterized Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) ligands are lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and its chemically modified and detoxified variant, monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL). Although both molecules are active for human TLR4, they demonstrate a potency preference for mouse TLR4 based on data from transfected cell lines and primary cells of both species. After a high throughput screening process of small molecule libraries, we have discovered a new class of TLR4 agonist with a species preference profile differing from MPL...
2016: PloS One
Dong-Wook Park, Sarah K Brodnick, Jared P Ness, Farid Atry, Lisa Krugner-Higby, Amelia Sandberg, Solomon Mikael, Thomas J Richner, Joseph Novello, Hyungsoo Kim, Dong-Hyun Baek, Jihye Bong, Seth T Frye, Sanitta Thongpang, Kyle I Swanson, Wendell Lake, Ramin Pashaie, Justin C Williams, Zhenqiang Ma
Transparent graphene-based neural electrode arrays provide unique opportunities for simultaneous investigation of electrophysiology, various neural imaging modalities, and optogenetics. Graphene electrodes have previously demonstrated greater broad-wavelength transmittance (∼90%) than other transparent materials such as indium tin oxide (∼80%) and ultrathin metals (∼60%). This protocol describes how to fabricate and implant a graphene-based microelectrocorticography (μECoG) electrode array and subsequently use this alongside electrophysiology, fluorescence microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and optogenetics...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
Natasha M Khatri, Michele H Pablico-Lansigan, William L Boncher, Julie E Mertzman, Aura C Labatete, Laura M Grande, Donald Wunder, Michael J Prushan, Weiguo Zhang, P Shiv Halasyamani, Jorge H S K Monteiro, Ana de Bettencourt-Dias, Sarah L Stoll
The syntheses, structures, and luminescence properties of a series of copper(I) halide coordination polymers, prepared with mono- and bidentate N-heteroaromatic ligands, are reported. These metal-organic coordination networks form [Cu2I2L]n for bidentate ligands (where L = pyrazine (1), quinazoline (2)) and [CuIL]n for monodentate ligands (where L = 3-benzoylpyridine (3) and 4-benzoylpyridine(4)). Both sets of compounds exhibit a double-stranded stair-Cu2I2-polymer, or "ladder" structure with the ligand coordinating to the metal in a bidentate (bridging two stairs) or monodentate mode...
October 13, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Heather M Byers, Margaret P Adam, Amy LaCroix, Sarah E S Leary, Bonnie Cole, William B Dobyns, Heather C Mefford
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors of the central nervous system are rare, highly malignant, embryonal tumors most often occurring in children under age 3 years. Most are due to a somatic change in tumor suppressor gene SMARCB1 followed by a second-hit, typically loss of heterozygosity, best detected on immunohistochemical staining. Despite the noteworthy genetic homogeneity of atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors, relatively little is known about the oncogenic mechanisms that lead to biallelic inactivation of SMARCB1...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Alice C Fraser, Sarah E Williams, Sarah X Kong, Lucy E Wells, Louise S Goodall, Sabrina Pit, Vibeke Hansen, Marianne Trent
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the impact of implementation of the Public Health Amendment (Vaccination of Children Attending Child Care Facilities) Act 2013 on child-care centres in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales (NSW), from the perspective of child-care centre directors. Importance of study: Immunisation is an effective public health intervention, but more than 75 000 Australian children are not fully vaccinated. A recent amendment to the NSW Public Health Act 2010 asks child-care facilities to collect evidence of complete vaccination or approved exemption before allowing enrolment...
April 15, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
Wade Skoien, Katie Page, William Parsonage, Sarah Ashover, Tanya Milburn, Louise Cullen
BACKGROUND: The translation of healthcare research into practice is typically challenging and limited in effectiveness. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) identifies 12 domains of behaviour determinants which can be used to understand the principles of behavioural change, a key factor influencing implementation. The Accelerated Chest pain Risk Evaluation (ACRE) project has successfully translated research into practice, by implementing an intervention to improve the assessment of low to intermediate risk patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with chest pain...
October 12, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Shelley Kirk, Sarah Armstrong, Eileen King, Christine Trapp, Mollie Grow, Jared Tucker, Madeline Joseph, Lenna Liu, Ashley Weedn, Brooke Sweeney, Claudia Fox, Samreen Fathima, Ronald Williams, Roy Kim, William Stratbucker
BACKGROUND: Prospective patient registries have been successfully utilized in several disease states with a goal of improving treatment approaches through multi-institutional collaboration. The prevalence of youth with severe obesity is at a historic high in the United States, yet evidence to guide effective weight management is limited. The Pediatric Obesity Weight Evaluation Registry (POWER) was established in 2013 to identify and promote effective intervention strategies for pediatric obesity...
October 12, 2016: Childhood Obesity
James P B O'Connor, Eric O Aboagye, Judith E Adams, Hugo J W L Aerts, Sally F Barrington, Ambros J Beer, Ronald Boellaard, Sarah E Bohndiek, Michael Brady, Gina Brown, David L Buckley, Thomas L Chenevert, Laurence P Clarke, Sandra Collette, Gary J Cook, Nandita M deSouza, John C Dickson, Caroline Dive, Jeffrey L Evelhoch, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Ferdia A Gallagher, Fiona J Gilbert, Robert J Gillies, Vicky Goh, John R Griffiths, Ashley M Groves, Steve Halligan, Adrian L Harris, David J Hawkes, Otto S Hoekstra, Erich P Huang, Brian F Hutton, Edward F Jackson, Gordon C Jayson, Andrew Jones, Dow-Mu Koh, Denis Lacombe, Philippe Lambin, Nathalie Lassau, Martin O Leach, Ting-Yim Lee, Edward L Leen, Jason S Lewis, Yan Liu, Mark F Lythgoe, Prakash Manoharan, Ross J Maxwell, Kenneth A Miles, Bruno Morgan, Steve Morris, Tony Ng, Anwar R Padhani, Geoff J M Parker, Mike Partridge, Arvind P Pathak, Andrew C Peet, Shonit Punwani, Andrew R Reynolds, Simon P Robinson, Lalitha K Shankar, Ricky A Sharma, Dmitry Soloviev, Sigrid Stroobants, Daniel C Sullivan, Stuart A Taylor, Paul S Tofts, Gillian M Tozer, Marcel van Herk, Simon Walker-Samuel, James Wason, Kaye J Williams, Paul Workman, Thomas E Yankeelov, Kevin M Brindle, Lisa M McShane, Alan Jackson, John C Waterton
Imaging biomarkers (IBs) are integral to the routine management of patients with cancer. IBs used daily in oncology include clinical TNM stage, objective response and left ventricular ejection fraction. Other CT, MRI, PET and ultrasonography biomarkers are used extensively in cancer research and drug development. New IBs need to be established either as useful tools for testing research hypotheses in clinical trials and research studies, or as clinical decision-making tools for use in healthcare, by crossing 'translational gaps' through validation and qualification...
October 11, 2016: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
Shanti L Eswaran, William D Chey, Theresa Han-Markey, Sarah Ball, Kenya Jackson
OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing interest in the role of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We report results from the first randomized controlled trial of the low FODMAP diet in US adults with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). The objectives were to compare the efficacy of the low FODMAP diet vs. a diet based upon modified National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines (mNICE) on overall and individual symptoms in IBS-D patients...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
G Andres Contreras, Kyan Thelen, Sarah E Schmidt, Clarissa Strieder-Barboza, Courtney L Preseault, William Raphael, Matti Kiupel, John Caron, Adam L Lock
Excessive rates of demand lipolysis in the adipose tissue (AT) during periods of negative energy balance (NEB) are associated with increased susceptibility to disease and limited lactation performance. Lipolysis induces a remodeling process within AT that is characterized by an inflammatory response, cellular proliferation, and changes in the extracellular matrix (ECMT). The adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) is a key component of the inflammatory response. Infiltration of ATM-forming cellular aggregates was demonstrated in transition cows, suggesting that ATM trafficking and phenotype changes may be associated with disease...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"