keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sugar

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353462/lactobacillus-kosoi-sp-nov-a-fructophilic-species-isolated-from-k%C3%A3-so-a-japanese-sugar-vegetable-fermented-beverage
#1
Tai-Ying Chiou, Wataru Suda, Kenshiro Oshima, Masahira Hattori, Chiaki Matsuzaki, Kenji Yamamoto, Tomoya Takahashi
A novel Gram-positive, fructophilic, catalase negative, and rod-shaped strain, designated strain 10HT was isolated from kôso, a Japanese sugar-vegetable fermented beverage obtained from a food processing factory in Saku City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed strain 10HT to belong to the genus Lactobacillus, with closely related type strains being Lactobacillus kunkeei YH-15T (95.5% sequence similarity), Lactobacillus ozensis Mizu2-1T (95.4% sequence similarity), and Lactobacillus apinorum Fhon13NT (95...
January 20, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353122/asparagine-and-sugars-are-both-required-to-sustain-secondary-axis-elongation-after-bud-outgrowth-in-rosa-hybrida
#2
Marie-Anne Le Moigne, Vincent Guérin, Pierre-Maxime Furet, Vincent Billard, Anita Lebrec, Lukáš Spíchal, Hanaé Roman, Sylvie Citerne, Annette Morvan-Bertrand, Anis Limami, Alain Vian, Jérémy Lothier
Nitrogen is required for optimal plant growth, especially in young organs such as secondary axes (axes II) after axillary bud outgrowth. Several studies have shown an increase of nitrogen concentration in xylem sap concomitantly with bud outgrowth, but the relation between nitrogen, sugars and plant hormones in axis II still remains unclear. We investigated in Rosa hybrida the involvement of nitrogen nutrition in axis II elongation in relation with sugars and cytokinins using 15N-labeled nitrate and sugars, amino acids and cytokinin quantifications...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352831/associations-between-adherence-to-the-danish-food-based-dietary-guidelines-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-a-danish-adult-population-the-dipi-study
#3
Johanne L Arentoft, Camilla Hoppe, Elisabeth W Andersen, Kim Overvad, Inge Tetens
Diet is recognised as one modifiable lifestyle factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We aimed at investigating the associations between adherence to the Danish Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) indicated by a Dietary Quality Index (DQI) and selected cardiometabolic risk factors in a cross-sectional study with 219 Danish adult participants (59 %women; age 31-65years) with a minimum of one self-rated risk marker of IHD. Information regarding diet was obtained using web-based dietary assessment software and adherence to the Danish FBDG was expressed by a DQI calculated from 5 food and nutrient indicators (whole grain, fish, fruit and vegetables, energy from saturated fat and from added sugar)...
January 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352810/ectopic-expression-of-the-apple-nucleus-encoded-thylakoid-protein-mdy3ip1-triggers-early-flowering-and-enhanced-salt-tolerance-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#4
Jian-Qiang Yu, Jia-Hui Wang, Cui-Hui Sun, Quan-Yan Zhang, Da-Gang Hu, Yu-Jin Hao
BACKGROUND: The roles in photosystem I (PSI) assembly of the nucleus-encoded thylakoid protein Y3IP1 who interacts with the plastid-encoded Ycf3 protein that has been well-characterized in plants. However, its function and potential mechanisms in other aspects remain poorly understood. RESULTS: We identified the apple MdY3IP1 gene, which encodes a protein highly homologous to the Arabidopsis Y3IP1 (AtY3IP1). Ectopic expression of MdY3IP1 triggered early-flowering and enhanced salt tolerance in Arabidopsis plants...
January 20, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352470/a-laser-optical-method-for-predicting-adulteration-of-clover-honey-bee
#5
A E El-Raie, H E Hassan, A A Abd El-Rahman, R A Shaimaa
The authenticity of honey is great importance for commercial and health reasons. Adulteration of honey bee with cheaper sweetening materials has been used. The objectives of this study were: 1) To evaluate the quality of honey bee according to physicochemical characteristics, 2) To estimate the transmission property of prediction of honey using visible laser technique, and 3) Possibility of adulteration of honey bee according to high transmission intensity of laser beam through Clover honey bee. Helium-neon (He-Ne) laser in the visible light with wavelengths 632...
January 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351623/development-of-sugar-chain-binding-single-chain-variable-fragment-antibody-to-adult-t-cell-leukemia-cells-using-glyco-nanotechnology-and-phage-display-method
#6
Kaname Muchima, Taro Todaka, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Ayaka Sato, Arisa Tazoe, Rikiya Aramaki, Yuhei Kakitsubata, Risa Yokoyama, Naomichi Arima, Masanori Baba, Masahiro Wakao, Yuji Ito, Yasuo Suda
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an intractable blood cancer caused by the infection of human T-cell leukemia virus type-1, and effective medical treatment is required. It is known that the structure and expression levels of cell surface sugar chains vary depending on cell states such as inflammation and cancer. Thus, it is expected that the antibody specific for ATL cell surface sugar chain would be an effective diagnostic tool and a strong candidate for the development of an anti-ATL drug. Here, we developed a stable sugar chain binding single chain variable fragment antibody (scFv) that can bind to ATL cells using a fiber type Sugar Chip and phage display method...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351480/mechanistically-different-effects-of-fat-and-sugar-on-insulin-resistance-hypertension-and-gut-microbiota-in-rats
#7
Sara Ramos-Romero, Mercè Hereu, Lidia Atienza, Josefina Casas, Olga Jáuregui, Susana Amézqueta, Gabriel Dasilva, Isabel Medina, Maria Rosa Nogués, Marta Romeu, Josep Lluís Torres
Insulin resistance (IR) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are the first manifestations of diet-induced metabolic alterations leading to type-2 diabetes, while hypertension is the deadliest risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The roles of dietary fat and fructose in the development of IR, IGT and hypertension are controversial. We tested the long-term effects of an excess of fat or sucrose (fructose/glucose) on healthy male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Fat affects IR and IGT earlier than fructose through low-grade systemic inflammation evidenced by liver inflammatory infiltration, increased levels of plasma interleukin-6, prostaglandin E2 and reduced levels of protective short-chain fatty acids without triggering hypertension...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351257/modifications-in-the-consumption-of-energy-sugar-and-saturated-fat-among-the-mexican-adult-population-simulation-of-the-effect-when-replacing-processed-foods-that-comply-with-a-front-of-package-labeling-system
#8
Rosario Mendoza, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Lucia Hernández-Barrera, Claudia Nieto, Eric A Monterrubio-Flores, Simón Barquera
A Mexican Committee of Nutrition Experts (MCNE) from the National Institute of Public Health (INSP), free from conflict of interest, established food content standards to place the front-of-package (FOP) logo on foods that meet these nutrition criteria. The objectives were to simulate the effect on nutrient intake in the Mexican adult population (20-59 years old) after replacing commonly consumed processed foods with those that meet the FOP nutrition-labeling criteria. Twenty-four hour dietary recalls were collected from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 2164 adults)...
January 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351253/the-role-of-sugar-transporter-genes-during-early-infection-by-root-knot-nematodes
#9
Dan Zhao, Yang You, Haiyan Fan, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yuanyuan Wang, Yuxi Duan, Yuanhu Xuan, Lijie Chen
Although pathogens such as nematodes are known to hijack nutrients from host plants, the mechanisms whereby nematodes obtain sugars from plants remain largely unknown. To determine the effects of nematode infection on host plant sugar allocation, soluble sugar (fructose, glucose, sucrose) content was investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography with refractive index detection and was found to increase significantly in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, Sl) leaves and roots during early infection by root-knot nematodes (RKNs)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350773/effect-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-on-glucose-homeostasis-after-oral-administration
#10
Zhangjian Chen, Yun Wang, Xiang Wang, Lin Zhuo, Shi Chen, Shichuan Tang, Lin Zhao, Xianguo Luan, Guang Jia
As food additives, titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been widely used in various products that are usually simultaneously consumed with a high content of sugar, thus necessitating research on the effect of TiO2 NPs on glucose homeostasis. We conducted an animal study to explore the effect of orally administrated TiO2 NPs on glucose absorption and metabolism in rats at 0, 2, 10 and 50 mg kg-1 body weight day-1 for 30 and 90 days. The results showed that oral exposure to TiO2 NPs caused a slight and temporary hypoglycemic effect in rats at 30 days post-exposure but recovered at 90 days post-exposure...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350562/enzymes-in-lipid-modification
#11
Uwe T Bornscheuer
This article reviews the application of enzymes in lipid modification. Lipases are the most established biocatalysts used for the synthesis of structured triacylglycerols, fats, and margarine for the release of flavoring fatty acids for food applications. In addition, the various enzymes, such as P450 monooxygenases, hydratases, lipoxygenases, and certain lyases, used for oxyfunctionalization and the phospholipases used for degumming are covered. Basic aspects of enzyme catalysis and the modern tools used for their discovery and improvement by protein engineering provide insight into how suitable biocatalysts can be identified and optimized for an application...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350459/nourish-t-targeting-caregivers-to-improve-health-behaviors-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-with-obesity
#12
Marilyn Stern, Jennifer Bleck, Linda J Ewing, Esther Davila, Courtney Lynn, Gregory Hale, Suzanne Mazzeo
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) are alarmingly high. Although healthy lifestyle changes may prevent future health complications, promoting healthy behaviors in PCS is challenging, and few interventions have successfully addressed this issue. PROCEDURE: This randomized control trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a parent-focused six-session intervention, NOURISH-T (Nourishing Our Understanding of Role Modeling to Improve Support and Health for Healthy Transitions), compared with enhanced usual care (EUC) on the outcomes of caregiver and PCS anthropometric measurements, eating behaviors, and physical activity...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350280/selective-precipitation-and-characterization-of-lignin-carbohydrate-complexes-lccs-from-eucalyptus
#13
Bao-Cheng Zhao, Ji-Dong Xu, Bo-Yang Chen, Xue-Fei Cao, Tong-Qi Yuan, Shuang-Fei Wang, Adam Charlton, Run-Cang Sun
Six types of lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC) fractions were isolated from Eucalyptus. The acidic dioxane treatment applied significantly improved the yield of LCCs. The extraction conditions had a limited impact on the LCC structures and linkages. Characterization of the lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC) structures and linkages promises to offer insight on plant cell wall chemistry. In this case, Eucalyptus LCCs were extracted by aqueous dioxane, and then precipitated sequentially by 70% ethanol, 100% ethanol, and acidic water (pH = 2)...
January 19, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350248/natural-variation-and-genetic-make-up-of-leaf-blade-area-in-spring-barley
#14
Ahmad M Alqudah, Helmy M Youssef, Andreas Graner, Thorsten Schnurbusch
GWAS analysis for leaf blade area (LA) revealed intriguing genomic regions associated with putatively novel QTL and known plant stature-related phytohormone and sugar-related genes. Despite long-standing studies in the morpho-physiological characters of leaf blade area (LA) in cereal crops, advanced genetic studies to explore its natural variation are lacking. The importance of modifying LA in improving cereal grain yield and the genes controlling leaf traits have been well studied in rice but not in temperate cereals...
January 19, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349649/structure-activity-relationships-of-flavanones-flavanone-glycosides-and-flavones-in-anti-degranulation-activity-in-rat-basophilic-leukemia-rbl-2h3-cells
#15
Toshiro Noshita, Kaori Miura, Kaoru Ikeda, Hidekazu Ouchi, Takuya Matsumoto, Akihiro Tai
The incidence of type I allergies, which are associated with mast cell degranulation and local inflammation, is increasing, and new treatments are needed. To date, structure-activity relationships of flavonoids in their degranulation-inhibiting activity have not been systematically characterized. In the current study, the degranulation-inhibiting activity of a series of flavonoids was evaluated. The following three observations were made: (1) the activity disappears when a sugar moiety is introduced into the A ring of the flavanone; (2) the activity depends on the number of hydroxyl groups on the B ring; (3) the activity is markedly enhanced when a double bond is introduced into the C ring...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349548/an-effective-surfactant-assisted-hydrothermal-pretreatment-strategy-for-bioethanol-production-from-chili-post-harvest-residue-by-separate-hydrolysis-and-fermentation
#16
Raveendran Sindhu, Parameswaran Binod, Anil Kuruvilla Mathew, Amith Abraham, Ashok Pandey, Edgard Gnansounou, Galliano Eulogio Castro
Surfactants play major role in the delignification of lignocellulosic biomass. Surfactant-assisted hydrothermal pretreatment was evaluated for chili post-harvest residue. Maximum reducing sugar yield of 0.445 g per g of dry biomass (g/g) was obtained when surfactant PEG 6000 was used. Compositional analysis revealed an efficient removal of lignin and hemicelluloses from the pretreated biomass. Fermentation inhibitors such as furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and organic acids were absent in the hydrolyzate...
January 18, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348653/non-structural-carbohydrates-regulated-by-season-and-species-in-the-subtropical-monsoon-broad-leaved-evergreen-forest-of-yunnan-province-china
#17
Wande Liu, Jianrong Su, Shuaifeng Li, Xuedong Lang, Xiaobo Huang
Non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) play important roles in adapting to environments in plants. Despite extensive research on the seasonal dynamics and species differences of NSC, the relative contributions of season and species to NSC is not well understood. We measured the concentration of starch, soluble sugar, NSC, and the soluble sugar:starch ratio in leaves, twigs, trunks and roots of twenty dominant species for dry and wet season in monsoon broad-leaved evergreen forest, respectively. The majority of concentration of NSC and starch in the roots, and the leaves contained the highest concentration of soluble sugar...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347616/design-and-investigation-of-de-vries-liquid-crystals-based-on-5-phenyl-pyrimidine-and-r-r-2-3-epoxyhexoxy-backbone
#18
S P Sreenilayam, D Rodriguez-Lojo, V P Panov, V Swaminathan, J K Vij, Yu P Panarin, E Gorecka, A Panov, P J Stevenson
Calamitic liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine derivatives have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. The 5-phenyl pyrimidine core was functionalized with a chiral (R,R)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy chain on one side and either siloxane or perfluoro terminated chains on the opposite side. The one involving a perfluorinated chain shows SmA^{*} phase over a wide temperature range of 82 °C, whereas the siloxane analog exhibits both SmA^{*} and SmC^{*} phases over a broad range of temperatures, and a weak first-order SmA^{*}-SmC^{*} transition is observed...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346712/synergetic-effects-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-high-sucrose-intake-on-glucose-tolerance-and-hepatic-insulin-resistance-in-rat-offspring
#19
Pengjie Zhang, Di Zhu, Yueming Zhang, Lingjun Li, Xionghui Chen, Wenna Zhang, Ruixiu Shi, Jianying Tao, Bing Han, Zhice Xu
SCOPE: High sucrose intake during pregnancy is linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus and altered insulin resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study attempted to ascertain whether prenatal high sucrose intake (20% sucrose) alleviates the detrimental effects of high postnatal sugar consumption in the offspring, and the molecular mechanisms were investigated using a rat model. High prenatal sucrose exposure increased the body weight of the offspring at 1 to 3 weeks of age...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346685/metabolic-flux-engineering-of-cembratrien-ol-production-in-both-the-glandular-trichome-and-leaf-mesophyll-in-nicotiana-tabacum
#20
Hongying Zhang, Songtao Zhang, Yongxia Yang, Hongfang Jia, Hong Cui
Cembratrien-ol synthase (CBTS) catalyses the first step in cembranoid biosynthesis, producing cembratrien-ols in plant trichomes. In our previous study, microarray transcriptomes between leaves with trichomes and leaves without trichomes showed that a NtCBTS2 gene was expressed exclusively and abundantly in trichomes. Here, two NtCBTS2 isogenes (NtCBTS2a and NtCBTS2b), derived from a diploid genome donor, N. sylvestris, were identified from N. tabacum. Both genes were expressed primarily in trichomes, with relatively decreased transcription in flowers and stems, faint expression in roots, and no expression was detected in leaves lacking trichomes...
January 15, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
keyword
keyword
4766
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"