keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mass casualty incident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227063/diorama-enhances-efficiency-of-a-mass-casualty-incident-system-and-experimentation
#1
Aura Ganz, James M Schafer, Zhuorui Yang, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, Aura Ganz, James M Schafer, Zhuorui Yang, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, Zhuorui Yang, Aura Ganz, Jun Yi, Gregory Ciottone, James M Schafer
In this paper we show DIORAMA efficiency in a simulated Mass Casualty Incident drill. As shown by our results DIORAMA system has achieved orderly transport of patients from site of injury to collection point, all red before the yellow were transported (no order was obeyed in the paper drills). We also show that DIORAMA system was used by responders with very short training time and by responders that are not familiar with each other. The qualitative results show that DIORAMA system was found to be user friendly and useful in tracking patients and responders in real time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227020/spatial-temporal-forensic-analysis-of-mass-casualty-incidents-using-video-sequences
#2
Hao Dong, Juechen Yin, James Schafer, Aura Ganz, Hao Dong, Juechen Yin, James Schafer, Aura Ganz, Juechen Yin, Hao Dong, James Schafer, Aura Ganz
In this paper we introduce DIORAMA based forensic analysis of mass casualty incidents (MCI) using video sequences. The video sequences captured on site are automatically annotated by metadata, which includes the capture time and the camera location and viewing direction. Using a visual interface the MCI investigators can easily understand the availability of video clips in specific areas of interest, and efficiently review them. The video-based forensic analysis system will enable the MCI investigators to better understand the rescue operations and subsequently improve training procedures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220344/personal-factors-affecting-ethical-performance-in-healthcare-workers-during-disasters-and-mass-casualty-incidents-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#3
Mehrzad Kiani, Mohsen Fadavi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Fariba Borhani
In emergencies and disasters, ethics are affected by both personal and organizational factors. Given the lack of organizational ethical guidelines in the disaster management system in Iran, the present study was conducted to explain the personal factors affecting ethics and ethical behaviors among disaster healthcare workers. The present qualitative inquiry was conducted using conventional content analysis to analyze the data collected from 21 in-depth unstructured interviews with healthcare workers with an experience of attending one or more fields of disaster...
February 20, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152053/evaluation-of-absorbent-materials-for-use-as-ad-hoc-dry-decontaminants-during-mass-casualty-incidents-as-part-of-the-uk-s-initial-operational-response-ior
#4
Nick Kassouf, Sara Syed, Joanne Larner, Richard Amlôt, Robert P Chilcott
The UK's Initial Operational Response (IOR) is a revised process for the medical management of mass casualties potentially contaminated with hazardous materials. A critical element of the IOR is the introduction of immediate, on-scene disrobing and decontamination of casualties to limit the adverse health effects of exposure. Ad hoc cleansing of the skin with dry absorbent materials has previously been identified as a potential means of facilitating emergency decontamination. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro oil and water absorbency of a range of materials commonly found in the domestic and clinical environments and to determine the effectiveness of a small, but representative selection of such materials in skin decontamination, using an established ex vivo model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150265/-ethical-debates-related-to-the-allocation-of-medical-resources-during-the-response-to-the-mass-casualty-incident-at-formosa-fun-coast-water-park
#5
Jing-Shia Tang, Chia-Jung Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
Disasters are unpredictable and often result in mass casualties. Limited medical resources often affect the response to mass casualty incidents, undermining the ability of responders to adequately protect all of the casualties. Thus, the injuries of casualties are classified in hopes of fully utilizing medical resources efficiently in order to save the maximum possible number of people. However, as opinions on casualty prioritization are subjective, disagreements and disputes often arise regarding allocating medical resources...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146034/interprofessional-mass-casualty-incident-simulation-design-protocol-to-prepare-prelicensure-nursing-students-to-respond-to-a-disaster
#6
Kelley Strout, Deborah A Saber, Lisa Swanson Caruso, Charlene Ingwell-Spolan, Aiden Koplovsky, Erica M Caron, Jennifer Federico, Colin Hulst, Isabella Etro
Nurses need to be prepared to respond to mass casualty incidents. Simulation is an ideal teaching intervention that can be used to prepare nursing students to effectively triage patients and allocate limited resources. This article describes a detailed interprofessional mass casualty simulation of a bus crash with 32 victims. Nursing students trained with emergency responders with students acting as charge nurses throughout the simulation. The details of the simulation are provided for faculty to replicate.
February 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144892/10%C3%A2-years-of-preparedness-by-the-radiation-injury-treatment-network
#7
REVIEW
Cullen Case
The Radiation Injury Treatment Network (RITN) began in 2006 with the ambitious vision to provide a resource to help with the surge of casualties following a mass casualty incident with marrow toxic injuries. Through the efforts of the National Marrow Donor Program and American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation with the support of the Office of Naval Research, the initial 13 hospitals and cancer centers have grown to 76, training over 13,500 hospital staff and conducted, funded, and supported 580 disaster exercises testing preparedness...
January 31, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132665/exploring-injury-panorama-consequences-and-recovery-among-bus-crash-survivors-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#8
Isabelle Doohan, Ulf Björnstig, Ulrika Östlund, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore physical and mental consequences and injury mechanisms among bus crash survivors to identify aspects that influence recovery. METHODS: The study participants were the total population of survivors (N=56) from a bus crash in Sweden. The study had a mixed-methods design that provided quantitative and qualitative data on injuries, mental well-being, and experiences. Results from descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were interpreted and integrated in a mixed-methods analysis...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120671/citizenaid
#9
(no author information available yet)
CitizenAID is an easy-to-use app that informs users how to provide care in mass casualty situations, including shootings, knife attacks and bomb incidents. The authors are well known and respected specialists in trauma care and disaster management.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102530/surgeon-preparedness-for-mass-casualty-events-adapting-essential-military-surgical-lessons-for-the-home-front
#10
Kyle N Remick, Stacy Shackelford, John S Oh, Jason M Seery, Daniel Grabo, John Chovanes, Kirby R Gross, Shawn C Nessen, Nigel Rm Tai, Rory F Rickard, Eric Elster, C W Schwab
Military surgeons have gained familiarity and experience with mass casualty events (MCEs) as a matter of routine over the course of the last two conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Over the same period of time, civilian surgeons have increasingly faced complex MCEs on the home front. Our objective is to summarize and adapt these combat surgery lessons to enhance civilian surgeon preparedness for complex MCEs on the home front. The authors describe the unique lessons learned from combat surgery over the course of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and adapt these lessons to enhance civilian surgical readiness for a MCE on the home front...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065200/testing-the-start-triage-protocol-can-it-improve-the-ability-of-nonmedical-personnel-to-better-triage-patients-during-disasters-and-mass-casualties-incidents
#11
Stefano Badiali, Aimone Giugni, Lucia Marcis
OBJECTIVE: START (Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment) triage is a tool that is available even to nonmedical rescue personnel in case of a disaster or mass casualty incident (MCI). In Italy, no data are available on whether application of the START protocol could improve patient outcomes during a disaster or MCI. We aimed to address whether "last-minute" START training of nonmedical personnel during a disaster or MCI would result in more effective triage of patients. METHODS: In this case-control study, 400 nonmedical ambulance crew members were randomly assigned to a non-START or a START group (200 per group)...
January 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024651/dedicated-mass-casualty-incident-hospitals-an-overview
#12
J J Mark Haverkort, Mirjam B de Jong, Maurizio Foco, Daniele Gui, Masad Barhoum, Gila Hyams, Hany Bahouth, Michael Halberthal, Luke P H Leenen
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals worldwide are preparing for mass casualty incidents (MCIs). The Major Incident Hospital in the Netherlands was constructed 25 years ago as a dedicated hospital for situations wherein a sudden increase in medical surge capacity is mandated to handle an MCI. Over the years, more initiatives of dedicated MCIs have arisen. Herein, we compared the MCI facilities from three countries considering the reasons for construction and the functionality. METHODS: Three dedicated mass casualty hospitals and one hospital with a largely fortified structure were compared...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964769/paramedic-application-of-a-triage-sieve-a-paper-based-exercise
#13
Glen Cuttance, Kathryn Dansie, Tim Rayner
: Introduction Triage is the systematic prioritization of casualties when there is an imbalance between the needs of these casualties and resource availability. The triage sieve is a recognized process for prioritizing casualties for treatment during mass-casualty incidents (MCIs). While the application of a triage sieve generally is well-accepted, the measurement of its accuracy has been somewhat limited. Obtaining reliable measures for triage sieve accuracy rates is viewed as a necessity for future development in this area...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957642/radiology-response-in-the-emergency-department-during-a-mass-casualty-incident-a-retrospective-study-of-the-two-terrorist-attacks-on-22-july-2011-in-norway
#14
Victoria Solveig Young, Heidi B Eggesbø, Christine Gaarder, Pål Aksel Næss, Tone Enden
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of radiology in the emergency department (ED) in a trauma centre during a mass casualty incident, using a minimum acceptable care (MAC) strategy in which CT was restricted to potentially severe head injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the initial use of imaging on patients triaged to the trauma centre following the twin terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011. RESULTS: Nine patients from the explosion and 15 from the shooting were included...
December 12, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851235/1600-real-time-tracking-of-mass-casualty-incident-markers-in-a-search-and-rescue-training-simulation
#15
Kendall Park, Salman Ahmad, John Gillis, Prasad Calyam, Amy Cheng, Josiah Burchard, Kourtney Meiss, Luke Guerdan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825363/pre-hospital-management-of-mass-casualty-civilian-shootings-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Conor D A Turner, David J Lockey, Marius Rehn
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty civilian shootings present an uncommon but recurring challenge to emergency services around the world and produce unique management demands. On the background of a rising threat of transnational terrorism worldwide, emergency response strategies are of critical importance. This study aims to systematically identify, describe and appraise the quality of indexed and non-indexed literature on the pre-hospital management of modern civilian mass shootings to guide future practice...
November 8, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790383/mass-casualty-decontamination-guidance-and-psychosocial-aspects-of-cbrn-incident-management-a-review-and-synthesis
#17
Holly Carter, Richard Amlôt
INTRODUCTION: Mass casualty decontamination is an intervention employed by first responders at the scene of an incident involving noxious contaminants.  Many countries have sought to address the challenge of decontaminating large numbers of affected casualties through the provision of rapidly deployable temporary showering structures, with accompanying decontamination protocols.  In this paper we review decontamination guidance for emergency responders and associated research evidence, in order to establish to what extent psychosocial aspects of casualty management have been considered within these documents...
September 27, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790381/mass-casualty-decontamination-in-a-chemical-or-radiological-nuclear-incident-further-guiding-principles
#18
Holly Carter, Richard Amlôt, Richard Williams, G James Rubin, John Drury
This short report presents a response to an article written by Cibulsky et al. (2016). The paper by Cibulsky et al. presents a useful and timely overview of the evidence surrounding the technical and operational aspects of mass casualty decontamination. It identifies three priority targets for future research, the third of which is how casualties' needs can be met in ways that best support compliance with and effectiveness of casualty decontamination. While further investigation into behavioural, communication and privacy issues during mass decontamination is warranted, there is now a substantial body of research in this area which is not considered in detail in the succinct summary provided by Cibulsky et al...
September 15, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788698/a-pilot-study-examining-the-speed-and-accuracy-of-triage-for-simulated-disaster-patients-in-an-emergency-department-setting-comparison-of-a-computerized-version-of-canadian-triage-acuity-scale-ctas-and-simple-triage-and-rapid-treatment-start-methods
#19
Gwynn Curran-Sills, Jeffrey M Franc
OBJECTIVE: To compare emergency department triage nurses' time to triage and accuracy of a simulated mass casualty incident (MCI) population using a computerized version of CTAS or START systems. METHODS: This pilot study was a prospective trial using a convenience sample. A total of 20 ED triage nurses, 10 in each arm of the study, were recruited. The paper-based questionnaire contained nine simulated MCI vignettes. An expert panel arrived at consensuses on the wording of the vignettes and created a standard triage score from which to compare the study participants...
October 28, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757716/simedis-a-discrete-event-simulation-model-for-testing-responses-to-mass-casualty-incidents
#20
Michel Debacker, Filip Van Utterbeeck, Christophe Ullrich, Erwin Dhondt, Ives Hubloue
It is recognized that the study of the disaster medical response (DMR) is a relatively new field. To date, there is no evidence-based literature that clearly defines the best medical response principles, concepts, structures and processes in a disaster setting. Much of what is known about the DMR results from descriptive studies and expert opinion. No experimental studies regarding the effects of DMR interventions on the health outcomes of disaster survivors have been carried out. Traditional analytic methods cannot fully capture the flow of disaster victims through a complex disaster medical response system (DMRS)...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
keyword
keyword
47646
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"