keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mass casualty incident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#1
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925344/prehospital-response-time-delays-for-emergency-patients-in-events-of-concurrent-mass-casualty-incidents
#2
Jungeun Kim, Chu Hyun Kim, Sang Do Shin, Ju Ok Park
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the extent of delays in the response time of emergency medical services (EMS) as an impact of mass casualty incidences (MCIs) in the same area. METHODS: We defined an MCI case as an event that resulted in 6 or more patients being transported by EMS, and prehospital response time as the time from the call to arrival at the scene. We matched patients before and after MCIs by dividing them into categories of 3 hours before, 0-1 hour after, 1-2 hours after, and 2-3 hours after the MCIs...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918763/identifying-factors-that-may-influence-decision-making-related-to-the-distribution-of-patients-during-a-mass-casualty-incident
#3
Trevor Nt Hall, Andrew McDonald, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and seek agreement on factors that may influence decision-making related to the distribution of patients during a mass casualty incident. METHODS: A qualitative thematic analysis of a literature review identified 56 unique factors related to the distribution of patients in a mass casualty incident. A modified Delphi study was conducted and used purposive sampling to identify peer reviewers that had either (1) a peer-reviewed publication within the area of disaster management or (2) disaster management experience...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894534/exploring-the-perception-of-aid-organizations-staff-about-factors-affecting-management-of-mass-casualty-traffic-incidents-in-iran-a-grounded-theory-study
#4
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Traffic incidents are of main health issues all around the world and cause countless deaths, heavy casualties, and considerable tangible and intangible damage. In this regard, mass casualty traffic incidents are worthy of special attention as, in addition to all losses and damage, they create challenges in the way of providing health services to the victims. AIM: The present study is an attempt to explore the challenges and facilitators in management of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886611/-mass-casualty-incident-special-features-of-threatening-situations
#5
Björn Hossfeld, Thomas Wurmb, Florent Josse, Matthias Helm
Terrorist attacks or amok runs may cause "threatening situations" for emergency medical services (EMS), fire fighters and physicians. Cooperation with the police is of paramount importance. In order to minimize the risk to rescue personnel and affected persons, emergency medical care has to follow tactical principles. So, the strategy in such "threatening situations" is "Stop the bleeding and clear the scene". The police define three areas of danger: unsafe, partly safe and secure. Medical care in these areas follows the concept of Tactical Combat Casualty Care...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875125/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-fractures-in-mass-casualty-incidents
#6
EDITORIAL
Fikri M Abu-Zidan
The role of point-of-care ultrasound in mass casualty incidents (MCIs) is still evolving. Occasionally, hospitals can be destroyed by disasters resulting in large number of trauma patients. CAVEAT and FASTER ultrasound protocols, which are used in MCIs, included extremity ultrasound examination as part of them. The literature supports the use of ultrasound in diagnosing extremity fractures both in hospitals and MCIs. The most recent systematic review which was reported by Douma-den Hamer et al in 2016 showed that the pooled ultrasound sensitivity and specificity for detecting distal forearm fractures was 97% and 95% respectively...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822212/comparison-of-start-and-salt-triage-methodologies-to-reference-standard-definitions-and-to-a-field-mass-casualty-simulation
#7
Salvatore Silvestri, Adam Field, Neal Mangalat, Tory Weatherford, Christopher Hunter, Zoe McGowan, Zachary Stamile, Trevor Mattox, Tanner Barfield, Aarian Afshari, George Ralls, Linda Papa
OBJECTIVES: We compared Sort, Assess, Lifesaving Intervention, Treatment/Transport (SALT) and Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) triage methodologies to a published reference standard, and evaluated the accuracy of the START method applied by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in a field simulation. DESIGN: Simulated mass casualty incident (MCI). Paramedics trained in START triage assigned each victim to green (minimal), yellow (delayed), red (immediate), or black (dead) categories...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822210/evaluation-of-the-association-between-disaster-training-and-confidence-in-disaster-response-among-graduate-medical-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805550/moving-toward-a-universal-digital-era-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-disasters-emergency-personnel-s-perspective-in-romania
#9
Adrian Stănescu, Peter Eliot Gordon, Sanda Maria Copotoiu, Cristian Marius Boeriu
BACKGROUND: Despite a recognized need for improved communications and logistics in high acuity situations, the integration of telemedicine services into the mainstream health services has been difficult. This study reports on the opinions of Romanian professional responders to mass casualty incidents and disasters regarding the use and requirements of specific electronic medical documentation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Doctors, nurses, paramedics, and fire department officers participated in a customized online structured questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801785/-treatment-strategies-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-terrorist-attacks-in-trauma-and-vascular-surgery-presentation-of-a-treatment-concept
#10
REVIEW
B Friemert, A Franke, D Bieler, A Achatz, D Hinck, M Engelhardt
The treatment of patients in the context of mass casualty incidents (MCI) represents a great challenge for the participating rescue workers and clinics. Due to the increase in terrorist activities it is necessary to become familiar with this new kind of threat to civilization with respect to the medical treatment of victims of terrorist attacks. There are substantial differences between a "normal" MCI and a terrorist MCI with respect to injury patterns (blunt trauma vs. penetrating/perforating trauma), the type and form of the incident (MCI=static situation vs...
August 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798972/diagnostic-precision-of-triage-algorithms-for-mass-casualty-incidents-english-version
#11
A R Heller, N Salvador, M Frank, J Schiffner, R Kipke, C Kleber
BACKGROUND: Regarding survival and quality of life recent mass casualty incidents again emphasize the importance of early identification of the correct degree of injury/illness to enable prioritization of treatment amongst patients and their transportation to an appropriate hospital. The present study investigated existing triage algorithms in terms of sensitivity (SE) and specificity (SP) as well as its process duration in a relevant emergency patient cohort. METHODS: In this study 500 consecutive air rescue missions were evaluated by means of standardized patient records...
August 10, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794799/recommendations-for-action-a-community-meeting-in-preparation-for-a-mass-casualty-opioid-overdose-event-in-southeastern-ontario
#12
Kieran Michael Moore, Nicholas Papadomanolakis-Pakis, Adrienne Hansen-Taugher, Tianxiu H Guan, Brian Schwartz, Paula Stewart, Pamela Leece, Richard Bochenek
Given the steady rise of overdose morbidity and mortality in North America, and increasing frequency of sudden clusters of non-fatal and fatal overdoses in other jurisdictions, regional preparedness plans to respond effectively to clusters of overdoses may reduce the impact of such events on the population. On the 27th of February 2017 in Kingston, Ontario, KFL&A Public Health, in collaboration with public health partners, hosted a full-day workshop involving table-top exercises and discussions for service partners on how to prepare for, respond to, and manage a mass-casualty event secondary to opioid overdose in Southeastern Ontario...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781134/psychological-effect-of-a-mass-casualty-event-on-general-surgery-residents
#13
William S Havron, Karen Safcsak, Joshua Corsa, Andrew Loudon, Michael L Cheatham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychological effect of a mass casualty shooting event on general surgery residents. DESIGN: Three and 7 months following the Pulse nightclub mass casualty shooting, the mental well-being of general surgery residents employed at the receiving institution was evaluated. A voluntary and anonymous screening questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) was administered. Responses were stratified into 2 groups; residents who worked (ON-CALL) and residents who did not work (OFF-CALL) the night of the event...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780916/assessing-and-improving-hospital-mass-casualty-preparedness-a-no-notice-exercise
#14
Daniel A Waxman, Edward W Chan, Francesca Pillemer, Timothy Wj Smith, Mahshid Abir, Christopher Nelson
In recent years, mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) have become more frequent and deadly, while emergency department (ED) crowding has grown steadily worse and widespread. The ability of hospitals to implement an effective mass-casualty surge plan, immediately and expertly, has therefore never been more important. Yet, mass-casualty exercises tend to be highly choreographed, pre-scheduled events that provide limited insight into hospitals' true capacity to respond to a no-notice event under real-world conditions...
August 7, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767309/best-practices-for-healthcare-facility-and-regional-stockpile-maintenance-and-sustainment-a-literature-review
#15
Terri Rebmann, Kyle McPhee, Leslie Osborne, Daniel P Gillen, Gabriel A Haas
Preparing for mass casualty incidents is essential to maximizing community resilience. Many US-based organizations and regions have developed stockpiles of medications, supplies, and equipment for mass casualty incident preparedness. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assess and manage federally stockpiled materials, but hospitals, healthcare systems, and regional organizations are responsible for maintaining locally owned caches. The CDC has protocols for assessing and managing the Strategic National Stockpile, but no such guidance exists for local or geographical/regional stockpiles...
July 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710612/-diagnostic-quality-of-triage-algorithms-for-mass-casualty-incidents
#16
A R Heller, N Salvador, M Frank, J Schiffner, R Kipke, C Kleber
BACKGROUND: Regarding survival and quality of life, recent mass casualty incidents have once more emphasized the importance of early identification of the correct degree of injury or illness, to enable prioritizing treatment of patients and transportation to an appropriate hospital. The present study investigated international triage algorithms in terms of sensitivity (SE) and specificity (SP) as well as the process duration in a relevant emergency patient cohort. METHODS: A total of 500 consecutive air rescue missions were evaluated by means of standardized patient records...
July 14, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701204/criteria-and-models-for-the-distribution-of-casualties-in-trauma-related-mass-casualty-incidents-a-systematic-literature-review-protocol
#17
Ali Ardalan, Mohammad Reza Khajehaminian, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini Boroujeni, Amir Nejati, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Omid Mahdi Ebadati E
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical practices in mass casualty incident management is vacating the victims from scene of the incident and transporting them to proper healthcare facilities. Decision on distribution of casualties needs to be taken on pre-developed policies and structured decision support mechanisms. While many studies tried to present models for the distribution of casualties, no systematic review has yet been conducted to evaluate the existing models on casualty distribution following mass casualty incidents...
July 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700774/a-unique-program-to-incorporate-volunteers-into-a-nationwide-emergency-medical-system-maximizing-preparedness-for-a-mass-casualty-incident
#18
Eli Jaffe, Evan Avraham Alpert, Ari M Lipsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658106/drones-at-the-service-for-training-on-mass-casualty-incident-a-simulation-study
#19
Antonio Nieto Fernandez-Pacheco, Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Mariana Ferrandini Price, Ana Belen Garcia Perez, Nuria Perez Alonso, Manuel Pardo Rios
Mass casualty incidents (MCI) are characterized by a large number of victims with respect to the resources available. In this study, we aimed to analyze the changes produced in the self-perception of students who were able to visualize aerial views of a simulation of a MCI. A simulation study, mixed method, was performed to compare the results from an ad hoc questionnaire. The 35 students from the Emergency Nursing Master from the UCAM completed a questionnaire before and after watching an MCI video with 40 victims in which they had participated...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625229/mass-gathering-medical-care-in-electronic-dance-music-festivals
#20
Kathleen M FitzGibbon, Jose V Nable, Benjamin Ayd, Benjamin J Lawner, Angela C Comer, Richard Lichenstein, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Ian Bussey
Introduction Electronic dance music (EDM) festivals represent a unique subset of mass-gathering events with limited guidance through literature or legislation to guide mass-gathering medical care at these events. Hypothesis/Problem Electronic dance music festivals pose unique challenges with increased patient encounters and heightened patient acuity under-estimated by current validated casualty predication models. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of three separate EDM festivals with analysis of patient encounters and patient transport rates...
June 19, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
keyword
keyword
47646
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"