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Permissive hypotension

Anne Smits, Liesbeth Thewissen, Alexander Caicedo, Gunnar Naulaers, Karel Allegaert
OBJECTIVE: To define the effective dose for 50% of patients (ED50) of propofol for successful intubation and to determine the rate of successful extubation in those patients with planned intubation, surfactant administration, and immediate extubation (INSURE procedure). In addition, pharmacodynamic effects were assessed. STUDY DESIGN: Neonates (n = 50) treated with propofol for (semi-)elective endotracheal intubation were stratified in 8 strata by postmenstrual and postnatal age...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Matthew M Carrick, Jan Leonard, Denetta S Slone, Charles W Mains, David Bar-Or
Hemorrhagic shock is a principal cause of death among trauma patients within the first 24 hours after injury. Optimal fluid resuscitation strategies have been examined for nearly a century, more recently with several randomized controlled trials. Hypotensive resuscitation, also called permissive hypotension, is a resuscitation strategy that uses limited fluids and blood products during the early stages of treatment for hemorrhagic shock. A lower-than-normal blood pressure is maintained until operative control of the bleeding can occur...
2016: BioMed Research International
Y E Chee, S E Liu, M G Irwin
Management of acute coagulopathy and blood loss during major vascular procedures poses a significant haemostatic challenge to anaesthetists. The acute coagulopathy is multifactorial in origin with tissue injury and hypotension as the precipitating factors, followed by dilution, hypothermia, acidemia, hyperfibrinolysis and systemic inflammatory response, all acting as a self-perpetuating spiral of events. The problem is confounded by the high prevalence of antithrombotic agent use in these patients and intraoperative heparin administration...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Yann Daniel, S Habas, L Malan, J Escarment, J-S David, S Peyrefitte
BACKGROUND: Despite the early uses of tourniquets and haemostatic dressings, blood loss still accounts for the vast majority of preventable deaths on the battlefield. Over the last few years, progress has been made in the management of such injuries, especially with the use of damage control resuscitation concepts. The early application of these procedures, on the field, may constitute the best opportunity to improve survival from combat injury during remote operations. DATA SOURCES: Currently available literature relating to trauma-induced coagulopathy treatment and far-forward transfusion was identified by searches of electronic databases...
August 16, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Bennett Levitan, Michael Markowitz, Ibrahim Turkoz, Dong-Jing Fu, Srihari Gopal, Larry Alphs
The purpose of this study was to conduct a post-hoc benefit-risk assessment of paliperidone palmitate once-monthly (PP1M) injectable versus oral paliperidone extended-release (ER) in schizophrenia maintenance treatment. The Benefit-Risk Action Team framework was used to structure the analysis based on patient-level data from two similar, double-blind, placebo-controlled relapse studies. Efficacy outcomes were relapse, psychiatric hospitalization, Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale, Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale, and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
November 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
James C Campbell, Yansong Li, Edwin van Amersfoort, Anurag Relan, Michael Dubick, Forest Sheppard, Anthony Pusateri, Debra Niemeyer, George C Tsokos, Jurandir J Dalle Lucca
Complement system activation is recognized as a deleterious component of the mammalian physiological response to traumatic injury with severe hemorrhage (TH). Female Yorkshire swine were subjected to a simulated austere prehospital battlefield scenario. Each animal underwent controlled hemorrhage of 22 mL/kg at 100 mL/min rate for approximately 10 min followed by soft tissue injury, femur fracture, and spleen injury. Subsequent blood loss was uncontrolled. Twenty-eight minutes postinjury the animals were randomized into treatment or no treatment with recombinant human C1 esterase inhibitor (C1INH) (500 IU/kg, n = 11) and into receiving or not permissive hypotensive resuscitation (n = 14) with infusion of 45 mL/kg lactated Ringer's solution (2× blood lost)...
September 2016: Shock
Robert A Hauser, Stephane Heritier, Gerald J Rowse, L Arthur Hewitt, Stuart H Isaacson
OBJECTIVES: Droxidopa is a prodrug of norepinephrine indicated for the treatment of orthostatic dizziness, lightheadedness, or the "feeling that you are about to black out" in adult patients with symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension caused by primary autonomic failure including Parkinson disease (PD). The objective of this study was to compare fall rates in PD patients with symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension randomized to droxidopa or placebo. METHODS: Study NOH306 was a 10-week, phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of droxidopa in PD patients with symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension that included assessments of falls as a key secondary end point...
September 2016: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Alon Harris, Caroline L Ward, Cheryl L Rowe-Rendleman, Takafumi Ouchi, Andrew Wood, Akifumi Fujii, Janet B Serle
PURPOSE: To assess pharmacodynamic and safety profiles of ONO-9054 following single and multiple day dosing in subjects with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a phase I, single-center, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled dose-escalation study. Nine subjects were randomized to each of ONO-9054 3, 10, 20, 30 μg/mL and 12 to placebo. Subjects received a single drop to each eye at 07:00±30 minutes (single dose). Following a 4-day no-treatment period, subjects were dosed once daily for 14 consecutive days (multiple day dosing)...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Daniel H Moreno, Daniel G Cacione, Jose C C Baptista-Silva
BACKGROUND: An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is the pathological enlargement of the aorta and can develop in both men and women. Progressive aneurysm enlargement can lead to rupture. The rupture of an AAA is frequently fatal and accounts for the death from haemorrhagic shock of at least 45 people per 100,000 population. The outcome of people with ruptured AAA varies among countries and healthcare systems, with mortality ranging from 53% to 90%. Definitive treatment for ruptured AAA includes open surgery or endovascular repair...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Christopher K Bjerkvig, Geir Strandenes, Håkon S Eliassen, Philip C Spinella, Theodor K Fosse, Andrew P Cap, Kevin R Ward
Hemorrhagic shock is both a local and systemic disorder. In the context of systemic effects, blood loss may lead to levels of reduced oxygen delivery (DO2 ) sufficient to cause tissue ischemia. Similar to other physiologic debts such as sleep, it is not possible to incur a significant oxygen debt and suffer no consequences for lack of timely repayment. While the linkage between oxygen debt and traditional organ failure (renal, hepatic, lung, and circulation) has been long recognized, we should consider failure in two additional linked and very dynamic organ systems, the endothelium and blood...
April 2016: Transfusion
Hawnwan Philip Moy, Abigail Cosgrove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: EMS World
Ming-Yen Tsai, Yu-Jen Su, Hwee-Yeong Ng, Shih-Yu Chen, Yu-Chuen Huang, Chien-Hsing Wu, Yung-Hsiang Chen
INTRODUCTION: Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is the most frequent complication of haemodialysis (HD) and may contribute to cardiovascular events and high mortality. The aetiology of IDH is multifactorial; therefore, it remains a challenging problem in the management of patients with HD. Since the application of Tianjiu at specific points can influence haemodynamics, we hypothesise that Tianjiu therapy at the traditionally used meridian points will reduce the severity of hypotension in patients who undergo HD...
2016: BMJ Open
T Vrettos, E Poimenidi, P Athanasopoulos, S Balasis, N Karagiorgos, T Siklis, G Gatzounis, F Fligkou
OBJECTIVE: Optimal hemodynamic resuscitation strategy of the trauma patient with uncontrolled hemorrhage and severe head injury in the pre-hospital setting remains a special challenge. Permissive hypotension prior to definite surgical haemostasis promotes coagulation, decreases blood loss and favors survival. However, hypotension is associated with poor outcome in severe head injury. The purpose of this experimental animal study was to assess the impact of permissive hypotension on survival, hemodynamic profile and brain oxygenation parameters before and/or after definite surgical haemostasis...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Roseny R Rodrigues, Maria José C Carmona, Jose Otavio C A Junior
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bleeding is still a major cause of death in trauma patients. Damage control surgery is a strategy that aims to control bleeding and avoid secondary contamination of the cavity. This article checks the principles and indications of damage control surgery, bleeding management, and the role of the anesthesiologist in trauma context. The efficient treatment of severe trauma and exsanguinated patients includes a surgical approach to the patient performed as quickly as possible...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
M Giannoudi, P Harwood
BACKGROUND: Damage control resuscitation describes an approach to the early care of very seriously injured patients. The aim is to keep the patient alive whilst avoiding interventions and situations that risk worsening their situation by driving the lethal triad of hypothermia, coagulopathy and acidosis or excessively stimulating the immune-inflammatory system. It is critical that the concepts and practicalities of this approach are understood by all those involved in the early management of trauma patients...
June 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Satoshi Gando, Mineji Hayakawa
Trauma-induced coagulopathy is caused by multiple factors, such as anemia, hemodilution, hypothermia, acidosis, shock, and serious trauma itself, which affects patient outcomes due to critical bleeding requiring massive transfusion. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with the fibrinolytic phenotype directly caused by trauma and/or traumatic shock has been considered to be the primary pathophysiology of trauma-induced coagulopathy. The key to controlling DIC is vigorous treatment of the underlying disorder, that is, trauma itself and hemorrhagic shock...
March 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Charlotte Gonthier, Sebastien Deglise, Vincenzo Brizzi, Eric Ducasse, Dominique Midy, Mario Lachat, Xavier Berard
BACKGROUND: To report the causes of second rupture in patients treated with a stent graft for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old man was admitted for abdominal pain and hypovolemic shock 22 months after endovascular exclusion of an rAAA with an aortomonoiliac stent graft and a crossover bypass despite normal duplex ultrasound and sac shrinkage at 1 year. During emergent laparotomy, a type IA endoleak was discovered and the aortomonoiliac stent graft was explanted...
January 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Martin Ponschab, Herbert Schöchl, Claudia Keibl, Henrik Fischer, Heinz Redl, Christoph J Schlimp
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is a core stone of hemorrhagic shock therapy, and crystalloid fluids seem to be associated with lower mortality compared to colloids. However, as redistribution starts within minutes, it has been suggested to replace blood loss with a minimum of a three-fold amount of crystalloids. The hypothesis was that in comparison to high volume (HV), a lower crystalloid volume (LV) achieves a favorable coagulation profile and exerts sufficient haemodynamics in the acute phase of resuscitation...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Suresh S David, Rishya Manikam, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Veena Chatrath, Ranjana Khetarpal, Jogesh Ahuja
Trauma is a leading cause of death worldwide, and almost 30% of trauma deaths are due to blood loss. A number of concerns have been raised regarding the advisability of the classic principles of aggressive crystalloid resuscitation in traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Some recent studies have shown that early volume restoration in certain types of trauma before definite hemostasis may result in accelerated blood loss, hypothermia, and dilutional coagulopathy. This review discusses the advances and changes in protocols in fluid resuscitation and blood transfusion for treatment of traumatic hemorrhage shock...
July 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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