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Pieter Uvin, Maarten Albersen, Ine Bollen, Maarten Falter, Emmanuel Weyne, Loes Linsen, Hanna Tinel, Peter Sandner, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Dirk Jmk De Ridder, Frank Van der Aa, Bert Brône, Koenraad Van Renterghem
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the expression of the Rho/Rho associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway in corpus cavernosum of patients with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) compared to healthy human corpus cavernosum, and to test the functional effects of two Rho Kinase Inhibitors (RKI) on erectile tissue of patients with severe ED, not responding to phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-i). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human corpus cavernosum samples were obtained after consent from individuals undergoing penile prosthesis implantation (n = 7 for organ bath experiments, n = 17 for qPCR)...
October 20, 2016: BJU International
Zhiyong Guo, Yue Zhang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yang Shu, Xu-Wei Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
A novel strategy for the preparation of magnetic nanospheres encapsulated by mesoporous copper oxide shell, shortly termed as Fe3O4@mCuO, is reported via the calcination of Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2 into continuous mesoporous CuO shell onto the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanospheres are characterized to possess stable core-shell structure with a crystalline mesoporous CuO layer, exhibiting a CuO loading content of 25.2±1.1% along with a favorable magnetic susceptibility. Fe3O4@mCuO nanospheres exhibit favorable selectivity on the adsorption of hemoglobin with a high adsorption capacity of up to 1470...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Michele Sozzi, Jean-Paul Rocca, Federica Poli, Stefano Selleri, Annamaria Cucinotta
Objectives: The introduction of diode lasers in dentistry had several advantages, principally consisting on the reduced size, reduced cost and possibility to beam delivering by optical fibbers. Up today only the wavelengths around 810 and 980 nm were the most utilized in oral surgery but recently more different lasers had been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four diode laser wavelengths (810, 980, 1470 and 1950 nm) for the ablation of soft tissues. Material and methods: Specimens were surgically collected from the dorsal surface of four bovine tongues and irradiated by four different diode wavelengths...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
Rita Formisano, Eva Azicnuda, Maryam Khan Sefid, Mauro Zampolini, Federico Scarponi, Renato Avesani
Establish the best time to start rehabilitation by means of scientific evidence. Observational study in patients with a diagnosis of Severe Brain Injury who received intensive inpatient rehabilitation after acute care. 1470 subjects enrolled: 651 with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and 819 with Non-TBI. Male gender was prevalent in the population study, but sex distribution was not different among groups, with a prevalence of male gender in both populations. This project involved 29 rehabilitation facilities for Severe ABI...
October 1, 2016: Neurological Sciences
J Marla Toyne, Warren B Church, Jose Luis Coronado Tello, Ricardo Morales Gamarra
OBJECTIVES: Inca imperial strategies of political and territorial expansion varied across conquered regions depending on local ecology and cultural resistance, and Chachapoya peoples in Peru's forested northeastern Andes were renowned for their rebellions against the invaders. The cliff tombs of Los Pinchudos (AD 1470-1535) present opportunities to use stable isotopes to: (1) explore dietary and mobility patterns from a mortuary community interred at a site attributed to the poorly-known Chachapoya culture during the period of Inca domination, and (2) explore the origins of the individuals as either local or foreign (Inca)...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Ahmed N Hassan
BACKGROUND: Patients on opioid replacement therapy (ORT) to treat opioid use disorder are frequently monitored for these medications, but it is not known if they are also adhering to their psychotropic medications. This is an analysis of measure of potential adherence to psychotropic medications by patients on ORT. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients (n=1470) on antidepressants and/or antipsychotics and tested by the Millennium Health laboratory...
September 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Dong An, Yongjin Cui, Xu Liu, Shiqiang Jia, Shuyun Zheng, Xiaoping Che, Zhe Liu, Xiaodong Zhang, Dehai Zhu, Shaoming Li
The effects of varieties, producing areas, ears, and ear positions of maize on near-infrared (NIR) spectra were investigated to determine the factors causing the differences in NIR fingerprints of maize varieties. A total of 130 inbred lines were grown in two regions in China, and 12,350 kernel samples were analyzed through NIR spectroscopy. Spectral differences among varieties, producing areas, ears, and ear positions were determined and compared on the basis of pretreated spectra. The bands at 1300-1470, 1768-1949, 2010-2064, and 2235-2311 nm were mainly affected by the producing area...
2016: PloS One
Hesham M Soliman, Ha Son Nguyen, Anjishnu Banerjee, Frank Pintar, Narayan Yoganandan, Shekar Kurpad, Dennis Maiman
BACKGROUND: The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, utilized to classify and code injuries resulting from trauma, in order of severity. According to the latest version, all Thoraco-Lumbar Compression Fractures (TLCF), even without injury to other spine components and with >20% loss of height, were branded AIS 3 injuries, reflecting a serious threat to life or permanent disability...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Oliver Niehaus, Gunter Heymann, Hubert Huppertz, Ute Ch Rodewald, Bernard Chevalier, Samir F Matar, Rolf-Dieter Hoffmann, Rainer Pöttgen
Monoclinic CeRuSn with its own structure type transforms to a high-pressure modification at 11.5 GPa and 1470 K (1000 t press, Walker type module). The structure of the high-pressure phase was refined from X-ray single crystal diffractometer data at room temperature. The HP-CeRuSn subcell structure adopts the ZrNiAl type: P6[combining macron]2m, a = 751.4(3) and c = 394.6(2) pm, wR2 = 0.0787, 310 F(2) values and 15 variables. The Ru2 atoms within the Sn6 trigonal prisms show a strongly enhanced U33 parameter...
September 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
F Malek, D Vondrakova, J Dvorak, L Sedlackova, T Andreasova, L Taborsky, P Neuzil
OBJECTIVE: Ceruloplasmin is an acute phase protein with plasma copper binding properties.Several studies showed prognostic importance of ceruloplasmin in chronic heart failure. STUDY OBJECTIVE: to assess correlation of ceruloplasmin level with concentration of biomarkers of cardiac remodelling and myofibrosis in patients with chronic stable heart failure, and to compare that in subjects with arterial hypetension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Blood samples were taken and serum levels of soluble ST2, galectin-3, NT-proBNP and ceruloplasmin were analysed in 164 consecutive patients with systolic HF from tertiary care heart failure clinic between 1st October 2014 and 31st May 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nataša Todorović, Jan Hansman, Dušan Mrđa, Jovana Nikolov, Richárd Kardos, Miodrag Krmar
Activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (4)(0)K in 120 kaolinized granite samples imported in Serbia from the Motajica mine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, were measured. The (226)Ra concentration ranged from 61 to 319 Bq kg(-1), the (232)Th from 44 to 272 Bq kg(-1), and the (4)(0)K from 590 to 1470 Bq kg(-1). The frequency distribution of (4)(0)K concentrations was near-Gaussian, where those of (226)Ra and (232)Th were right-skewed. In 6 samples, the gamma index, I, was higher than 2, which exceeds the exemption dose criterion (0...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
S A Karpishchenko, M A Ryabova, M Yu Ulupov, N A Shumilova, G V Portnov
The authors present the results and describe the methods of the experimental studies aimed at the evaluation of the biological effects of laser-assisted treatment of ENT pathologies at the wavelengths of 810 nm, 980 nm, and 1470 nm in comparison with the results obtained with the use of a radiofrequency scalpel in biological tissues having different optical and mechanical properties.Special emphasis is placed on the peculiarities of the action of laser irradiation and healing of radiation-induced wounds depending on the treatment regimens, viz...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Vito Mannacio, Luigi Mannacio, Emilo Mango, Anita Antignano, Michele Mottola, Sergio Caparrotti, Francesco Musumeci, Carlo Vosa
BACKGROUND: Severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is considered to further decrease survival compared to moderate PPM. This study aimed to assess the impact of severe PPM on survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 2404 consecutive patients with PPM who underwent first-time AVR for pure stenosis between January 2003 and December 2014. Mismatch was moderate for indexed effective valve orifice >0.65 to <0.85cm(2)/m(2) and severe for indexed effective valve orifice ≤0...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley
AIM: To determine whether evidential value exists that exercise reduces depression in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. METHODS: Utilizing data derived from a prior meta-analysis of 29 randomized controlled trials comprising 2449 participants (1470 exercise, 979 control) with fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus, a new method, P-curve, was utilized to assess for evidentiary worth as well as dismiss the possibility of discriminating reporting of statistically significant results regarding exercise and depression in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions...
July 12, 2016: World J Rheumatol
Matthew J Gurka, Abhishek Vishnu, Richard J Santen, Mark D DeBoer
BACKGROUND: After menopause, women exhibit a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and higher risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the timing of changes in MetS severity over the menopausal transition and whether these changes differ by racial/ethnic group remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed data from 1470 women from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort who experienced transition in menopausal status over 10 years (visits 1-4)...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Keyu Li, Shancheng Yan, Liyan Zhou, Meng Yang, Yi Shi, Yuqiao Wang, Jingcao Xie
Flowerlike SnS2 nanosheets are synthesized by a fast, low-energy, and facile hydrothermal route. Synthetic conditions, such as the sulfur source, reaction temperature, molar ratio of Sn/S in the source material, and reaction time, that vitally affect the morphologies of the final products are investigated. BET measurements show that the flowerlike SnS2 nanostructure has high surface area (71.84 m2g(-1)). Furthermore, the treated flowerlike SnS2 architecture as anode material of lithium ion batteries has a relatively large initial reversible capacity of 1470...
June 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Daniel Reinares-Fisac, Lina María Aguirre-Díaz, Marta Iglesias, Natalia Snejko, Enrique Gutiérrez-Puebla, M Ángeles Monge, Felipe Gándara
With the aim of developing new highly porous, heterogeneous Lewis acid catalysts for multicomponent reactions, a new mesoporous metal-organic framework, InPF-110 ([In3O(btb)2(HCOO)(L)], (H3btb = 1,3,5-tris(4-carboxyphenyl)benzene acid, L = methanol, water, or ethanol), has been prepared with indium as the metal center. It exhibits a Langmuir surface area of 1470 m(2) g(-1), and its structure consists of hexagonal pores with a 2.8 nm aperture, which allows the diffusion of multiple substrates. This material presents a large density of active metal sites resulting in outstanding catalytic activity in the formation of substituted α-aminonitriles through the one-pot Strecker reaction of ketones...
July 27, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ryo Yasuhara, Ilya Snetkov, Aleksey Starobor, Evgeniy Mironov, Oleg Palashov
A Faraday isolator (FI) for high-power lasers with kilowatt-level average power and 1-µm wavelength was demonstrated using a terbium scandium aluminum garnet (TSAG) with its crystal axis aligned in the <001> direction. Furthermore, no compensation scheme for thermally induced depolarization in a magnetic field was used. An isolation ratio of 35.4 dB (depolarization ratio γ of 2.9 × 10<sup>-4</sup>) was experimentally observed at a maximum laser power of 1470 W. This result for room-temperature FIs is the best reported, and provides a simple, practical solution for achieving optical isolation in high-power laser systems...
July 11, 2016: Optics Express
David J Ottaway, Lachlan Harris, Peter J Veitch
We report the shortest duration pulses obtained to date from an actively Q-switched Er:YAG laser pumped by a low spectral and spatial brightness laser diode. The 14.5 ns, 6 mJ pulses were obtained using a 1470 nm laser diode end-pumped co-planar folded zigzag slab architecture. We also present an analytical model that accurately predicts the pulse energy-duration product achievable from virtually all Q-switched Er:YAG lasers and high repetition rate quasi-three-level Q-switched lasers in general.
July 11, 2016: Optics Express
Michael L Kelly, Berje Haroutuon Shammassian, Mary Joan Roach, Charles Thomas, Amy K Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains controversial. Studies suggest that craniectomy (CE) may be superior to craniotomy (CO) by reducing intracranial pressure and limiting postoperative brain swelling. Few studies report comprehensive long-term functional and quality-of-life outcomes. METHODS: All patients with TBI who underwent CE or CO were extracted from the TBI Model Systems database from 2000 to 2012. A 1:1 propensity matching with replacement technique was used to match baseline characteristics including age, Glasgow Coma Score, Marshall CT score, TBI subtype, and intracranial hypertension across groups...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
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