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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893064/effect-of-increased-enteral-protein-intake-on-growth-in-human-milk-fed-preterm-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Christoph Maas, Michaela Mathes, Christine Bleeker, Julia Vek, Wolfgang Bernhard, Cornelia Wiechers, Andreas Peter, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
Importance: Protein, supplied in currently available commercial fortifiers, may be inadequate to meet the requirements of very preterm infants; in addition, intraindividual and interindividual variability of human milk protein and energy content potentially contribute to unsatisfactory early postnatal growth. Objective: To determine effects on growth of different levels of enteral protein supplementation in predominantly human milk-fed preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical and partially blinded single-center trial was conducted in a neonatal tertiary referral center in Germany...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890717/ecdysone-receptor-ecr-and-ultraspiracle-usp-genes-from-the-cyclopoid-copepod-paracyclopina-nana-identification-and-expression-in-response-to-water-accommodated-fractions-wafs
#2
Jayesh Puthumana, Min-Chul Lee, Jeonghoon Han, Hui-Su Kim, Dae-Sik Hwang, Jae-Seong Lee
Ecdysteroid hormones are pivotal in the development, growth, and molting of arthropods, and the hormone pathway is triggered by binding ecdysteroid to a heterodimer of the two nuclear receptors; ecdysone receptors (EcR) and ultraspiracle (USP). We have characterized EcR and USP genes, and their 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) from the copepod Paracyclopina nana, and studied mRNA transcription levels in post-embryonic stages and in response to water accommodated fractions (WAFs) of crude oil. The open reading frames (ORF) of EcR and USP were 1470 and 1287bp that encoded 490 and 429 amino acids with molecular weight of 121...
November 24, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853341/effect-of-the-wide-spread-use-of-endovenous-laser-ablation-on-the-treatment-of-varicose-veins-in-japan-a-large-scale-single-institute-study
#3
Masatoshi Jibiki, Tetsuro Miyata, Sachiko Futatsugi, Mitsumasa Iso, Yasutaka Sakanushi
Background and aims: In Japan, stripping under general anesthesia, lumbar anesthesia and tumescent local anesthesia has been used in the treatment of primary varicose veins due to saphenous vein insufficiency. However endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) using a 980 nm diode laser has received National Health Insurance (NHI) coverage in 2011, while EVLA using a 1470 nm diode laser with a radial 2-ring fiber has received coverage in 2014. As a result, the use of EVLA has become widespread in Japan. We herein report on the results of varicose veins treatment at our hospital...
October 1, 2016: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851106/1470-antibiotics-prescription-is-not-associated-with-prognosis-in-sepsis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Fabian Jaimes, Pablo Castaño, Maribel Plaza, Fernando Molina, Carolina Hincapie, Wilmar Maya, Juan Cataño, Alba Leon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806696/large-scale-gene-co-expression-network-as-a-source-of-functional-annotation-for-cattle-genes
#5
Hamid Beiki, Ardeshir Nejati-Javaremi, Abbas Pakdel, Ali Masoudi-Nejad, Zhi-Liang Hu, James M Reecy
BACKGROUND: Genome sequencing and subsequent gene annotation of genomes has led to the elucidation of many genes, but in vertebrates the actual number of protein coding genes are very consistent across species (~20,000). Seven years after sequencing the cattle genome, there are still genes that have limited annotation and the function of many genes are still not understood, or partly understood at best. Based on the assumption that genes with similar patterns of expression across a vast array of tissues and experimental conditions are likely to encode proteins with related functions or participate within a given pathway, we constructed a genome-wide Cattle Gene Co-expression Network (CGCN) using 72 microarray datasets that contained a total of 1470 Affymetrix Genechip Bovine Genome Arrays that were retrieved from either NCBI GEO or EBI ArrayExpress...
November 2, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779766/investigating-economic-specialization-on-the-central-peruvian-coast-a-reconstruction-of-late-intermediate-period-ychsma-diet-using-stable-isotopes
#6
Sara J Marsteller, Natalya Zolotova, Kelly J Knudson
OBJECTIVES: Hypothetical models of socioeconomic organization in pre-Columbian societies generated from the rich ethnohistoric record in the New World require testing against the archaeological and bioarchaeological record. Here, we test ethnohistorian Maria Rostworowski's horizontality model of socioeconomic specialization for the Central Andean coast by reconstructing dietary practices in the Late Intermediate Period (c. AD 900-1470) Ychsma polity to evaluate complexities in social behaviors prior to Inka imperial influence...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763717/additive-effects-of-the-rho-kinase-inhibitor-y-27632-and-vardenafil-on-relaxation-of-the-corpus-cavernosum-tissue-of-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-and-clinical-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitor-failure
#7
Pieter Uvin, Maarten Albersen, Ine Bollen, Maarten Falter, Emmanuel Weyne, Loes Linsen, Hanna Tinel, Peter Sandner, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Dirk J M K De Ridder, Frank Van der Aa, Bert Brône, Koenraad Van Renterghem
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the expression of the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway in the corpus cavernosum of patients with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) compared with healthy human corpus cavernosum, and to test the functional effects of two Rho kinase inhibitors (RKIs) on erectile tissue of patients with severe ED, which did not respond to phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human corpus cavernosum samples were obtained after consent from men undergoing penile prosthesis implantation (n = 7 for organ bath experiments, n = 17 for quantitative PCR [qPCR])...
October 20, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731620/magnetic-nanospheres-encapsulated-by-mesoporous-copper-oxide-shell-for-selective-isolation-of-hemoglobin
#8
Zhiyong Guo, Yue Zhang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yang Shu, Xu-Wei Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
A novel strategy for the preparation of magnetic nanospheres encapsulated by mesoporous copper oxide shell, shortly termed as Fe3O4@mCuO, is reported via the calcination of Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2 into continuous mesoporous CuO shell onto the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanospheres are characterized to possess stable core-shell structure with a crystalline mesoporous CuO layer, exhibiting a CuO loading content of 25.2±1.1% along with a favorable magnetic susceptibility. Fe3O4@mCuO nanospheres exhibit favorable selectivity on the adsorption of hemoglobin with a high adsorption capacity of up to 1470...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721562/four-different-diode-lasers-comparison-on-soft-tissues-surgery-a-preliminary-ex-vivo-study
#9
Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Michele Sozzi, Jean-Paul Rocca, Federica Poli, Stefano Selleri, Annamaria Cucinotta
Objectives: The introduction of diode lasers in dentistry had several advantages, principally consisting on the reduced size, reduced cost and possibility to beam delivering by optical fibbers. Up today only the wavelengths around 810 and 980 nm were the most utilized in oral surgery but recently more different lasers had been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four diode laser wavelengths (810, 980, 1470 and 1950 nm) for the ablation of soft tissues. Material and methods: Specimens were surgically collected from the dorsal surface of four bovine tongues and irradiated by four different diode wavelengths...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696274/early-rehabilitation-benefits-in-patients-with-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#10
Rita Formisano, Eva Azicnuda, Maryam Khan Sefid, Mauro Zampolini, Federico Scarponi, Renato Avesani
Establish the best time to start rehabilitation by means of scientific evidence. Observational study in patients with a diagnosis of Severe Brain Injury who received intensive inpatient rehabilitation after acute care. 1470 subjects enrolled: 651 with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and 819 with Non-TBI. Male gender was prevalent in the population study, but sex distribution was not different among groups, with a prevalence of male gender in both populations. This project involved 29 rehabilitation facilities for Severe ABI...
October 1, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627862/exploring-imperial-expansion-using-an-isotopic-analysis-of-paleodietary-and-paleomobility-indicators-in-chachapoyas-peru
#11
J Marla Toyne, Warren B Church, Jose Luis Coronado Tello, Ricardo Morales Gamarra
OBJECTIVES: Inca imperial strategies of political and territorial expansion varied across conquered regions depending on local ecology and cultural resistance, and Chachapoya peoples in Peru's forested northeastern Andes were renowned for their rebellions against the invaders. The cliff tombs of Los Pinchudos (AD 1470-1535) present opportunities to use stable isotopes to: (1) explore dietary and mobility patterns from a mortuary community interred at a site attributed to the poorly-known Chachapoya culture during the period of Inca domination, and (2) explore the origins of the individuals as either local or foreign (Inca)...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614260/lower-rates-of-consistent-urine-drug-tests-for-prescribed-psychotropic-medications-among-patients-on-opioid-replacement-therapy
#12
Ahmed N Hassan
BACKGROUND: Patients on opioid replacement therapy (ORT) to treat opioid use disorder are frequently monitored for these medications, but it is not known if they are also adhering to their psychotropic medications. This is an analysis of measure of potential adherence to psychotropic medications by patients on ORT. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients (n=1470) on antidepressants and/or antipsychotics and tested by the Millennium Health laboratory...
November 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598344/effects-of-varieties-producing-areas-ears-and-ear-positions-of-single-maize-kernels-on-near-infrared-spectra-for-identification-and-traceability
#13
Dong An, Yongjin Cui, Xu Liu, Shiqiang Jia, Shuyun Zheng, Xiaoping Che, Zhe Liu, Xiaodong Zhang, Dehai Zhu, Shaoming Li
The effects of varieties, producing areas, ears, and ear positions of maize on near-infrared (NIR) spectra were investigated to determine the factors causing the differences in NIR fingerprints of maize varieties. A total of 130 inbred lines were grown in two regions in China, and 12,350 kernel samples were analyzed through NIR spectroscopy. Spectral differences among varieties, producing areas, ears, and ear positions were determined and compared on the basis of pretreated spectra. The bands at 1300-1470, 1768-1949, 2010-2064, and 2235-2311 nm were mainly affected by the producing area...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586096/changing-threshold-for-ais-scores-of-thoracolumbar-compression-fractures
#14
Hesham M Soliman, Ha Son Nguyen, Anjishnu Banerjee, Frank Pintar, Narayan Yoganandan, Shekar Kurpad, Dennis Maiman
BACKGROUND: The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is an anatomical-based coding system created by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, utilized to classify and code injuries resulting from trauma, in order of severity. According to the latest version, all Thoraco-Lumbar Compression Fractures (TLCF), even without injury to other spine components and with >20% loss of height, were branded AIS 3 injuries, reflecting a serious threat to life or permanent disability...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535169/a-zrnial-related-high-pressure-modification-of-cerusn
#15
Oliver Niehaus, Gunter Heymann, Hubert Huppertz, Ute Ch Rodewald, Bernard Chevalier, Samir F Matar, Rolf-Dieter Hoffmann, Rainer Pöttgen
Monoclinic CeRuSn with its own structure type transforms to a high-pressure modification at 11.5 GPa and 1470 K (1000 t press, Walker type module). The structure of the high-pressure phase was refined from X-ray single crystal diffractometer data at room temperature. The HP-CeRuSn subcell structure adopts the ZrNiAl type: P6[combining macron]2m, a = 751.4(3) and c = 394.6(2) pm, wR2 = 0.0787, 310 F(2) values and 15 variables. The Ru2 atoms within the Sn6 trigonal prisms show a strongly enhanced U33 parameter...
September 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508673/-op-3d-07-correlation-of-ceruloplasmin-with-biomarkers-of-cardiac-remodelling-and-myofibrosis-nt-probnp-sst2-galectin-3-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-arterial-hypertension
#16
F Malek, D Vondrakova, J Dvorak, L Sedlackova, T Andreasova, L Taborsky, P Neuzil
OBJECTIVE: Ceruloplasmin is an acute phase protein with plasma copper binding properties.Several studies showed prognostic importance of ceruloplasmin in chronic heart failure. STUDY OBJECTIVE: to assess correlation of ceruloplasmin level with concentration of biomarkers of cardiac remodelling and myofibrosis in patients with chronic stable heart failure, and to compare that in subjects with arterial hypetension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Blood samples were taken and serum levels of soluble ST2, galectin-3, NT-proBNP and ceruloplasmin were analysed in 164 consecutive patients with systolic HF from tertiary care heart failure clinic between 1st October 2014 and 31st May 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502746/concentrations-of-226-ra-232-th-and-4-0-k-in-industrial-kaolinized-granite
#17
Nataša Todorović, Jan Hansman, Dušan Mrđa, Jovana Nikolov, Richárd Kardos, Miodrag Krmar
Activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (4)(0)K in 120 kaolinized granite samples imported in Serbia from the Motajica mine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, were measured. The (226)Ra concentration ranged from 61 to 319 Bq kg(-1), the (232)Th from 44 to 272 Bq kg(-1), and the (4)(0)K from 590 to 1470 Bq kg(-1). The frequency distribution of (4)(0)K concentrations was near-Gaussian, where those of (226)Ra and (232)Th were right-skewed. In 6 samples, the gamma index, I, was higher than 2, which exceeds the exemption dose criterion (0...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500571/-the-choice-of-parameters-for-the-laser-application-in-ent-surgery
#18
S A Karpishchenko, M A Ryabova, M Yu Ulupov, N A Shumilova, G V Portnov
The authors present the results and describe the methods of the experimental studies aimed at the evaluation of the biological effects of laser-assisted treatment of ENT pathologies at the wavelengths of 810 nm, 980 nm, and 1470 nm in comparison with the results obtained with the use of a radiofrequency scalpel in biological tissues having different optical and mechanical properties.Special emphasis is placed on the peculiarities of the action of laser irradiation and healing of radiation-induced wounds depending on the treatment regimens, viz...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492659/severe-prosthesis-patient-mismatch-after-aortic-valve-replacement-for-aortic-stenosis-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-early-and-long-term-mortality
#19
Vito Mannacio, Luigi Mannacio, Emilo Mango, Anita Antignano, Michele Mottola, Sergio Caparrotti, Francesco Musumeci, Carlo Vosa
BACKGROUND: Severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is considered to further decrease survival compared to moderate PPM. This study aimed to assess the impact of severe PPM on survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 2404 consecutive patients with PPM who underwent first-time AVR for pure stenosis between January 2003 and December 2014. Mismatch was moderate for indexed effective valve orifice >0.65 to <0.85cm(2)/m(2) and severe for indexed effective valve orifice ≤0...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489782/exercise-reduces-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-with-arthritis-evidential-value
#20
George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley
AIM: To determine whether evidential value exists that exercise reduces depression in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. METHODS: Utilizing data derived from a prior meta-analysis of 29 randomized controlled trials comprising 2449 participants (1470 exercise, 979 control) with fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus, a new method, P-curve, was utilized to assess for evidentiary worth as well as dismiss the possibility of discriminating reporting of statistically significant results regarding exercise and depression in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions...
July 12, 2016: World Journal of Rheumatology
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