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osteopathic low back pain

Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Seval Tamer, Müzeyyen Öz, Özlem Ülger
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) applications on chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) has been demonstrated. However, visceral applications, which are an important part of OMT techniques, have not been included in those studies. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to determine the effect of OMT including visceral applications on the function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. DESIGN: The study was designed with a simple method of block randomization...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Kendi L Hensel, Michael S Carnes, Scott T Stoll
The structural and physiologic changes in a woman's body during pregnancy can predispose pregnant women to low back pain and its associated disability, as well as to complications of pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Anecdotal and empirical evidence has indicated that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) may be efficacious in improving pain and functionality in women who are pregnant. Based on that premise, the Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was designed as a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an OMT protocol for pain during third-trimester pregnancy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional management of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain (LBP). Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S. Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Victoria Hastings, Adrienne Marie McCallister, Sarah A Curtis, Roseanna J Valant, Sheldon Yao
CONTEXT: Pain is one of the most common postpartum complaints by women in the United States, and the pain varies in its location. Research on intervention strategies for postpartum pain has focused primarily on the lower back, but pain management for other types of postpartum pain remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on postpartum pain; the location, quality, and timing of pain; and the difference in pain between vaginal and cesarean delivery...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Michael O'Donnell, Jo Armour Smith, Alex Abzug, Kornelia Kulig
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation is an effective intervention for low back pain, yet there is little consistency in how this skill is taught. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify what educators and clinicians believe are important characteristics of the patient and operator position prior to side-lying lumbar manipulation and the patient position and operator motion during the manipulative thrust. DESIGN: A multi-disciplinary correspondence-based Delphi method...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
Nuria Ruffini, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Lucia Cardinali, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Cerritelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the review was to evaluate the effects of the osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on women with gynaecological and obstetric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search from inception to April 2014 was conducted on MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library using MeSH and free terms. Clinical studies investigating the effect of OMT in gynaecologic and obstetric conditions were included as well as unpublished works. Reviews and personal contributions were excluded...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Katherine Bradbury, Miznah Al-Abbadey, Dawn Carnes, Borislav D Dimitrov, Susan Eardley, Carol Fawkes, Jo Foster, Maddy Greville-Harris, J Matthew Harvey, Janine Leach, George Lewith, Hugh MacPherson, Lisa Roberts, Laura Parry, Lucy Yardley, Felicity L Bishop
INTRODUCTION: Components other than the active ingredients of treatment can have substantial effects on pain and disability. Such 'non-specific' components include: the therapeutic relationship, the healthcare environment, incidental treatment characteristics, patients' beliefs and practitioners' beliefs. This study aims to: identify the most powerful non-specific treatment components for low back pain (LBP), compare their effects on patient outcomes across orthodox (physiotherapy) and complementary (osteopathy, acupuncture) therapies, test which theoretically derived mechanistic pathways explain the effects of non-specific components and identify similarities and differences between the therapies on patient-practitioner interactions...
May 27, 2016: BMJ Open
John C Licciardone, Robert J Gatchel, Subhash Aryal
CONTEXT: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is often used to treat patients with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: To identify subgroups of patients with chronic LBP who achieve medium to large treatment effects with OMT based on responder analyses involving pain and functioning outcomes from the OSTEOPAThic Health outcomes In Chronic low back pain (OSTEOPATHIC) Trial. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial involving 455 patients in Dallas-Fort Worth was conducted from 2006 to 2011...
March 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
John C Licciardone, Robert J Gatchel, Subhash Aryal
CONTEXT: Little is known about recovery after spinal manipulation in patients with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: To assess recovery from chronic LBP after a short regimen of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in a responder analysis of the OSTEOPAThic Health outcomes In Chronic low back pain (OSTEOPATHIC) Trial. METHODS: A randomized double-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of 6 OMT sessions over 8 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
John C Licciardone
CONTEXT: The establishment of a single accreditation system for graduate medical education in the United States suggests a convergence of osteopathic and allopathic medicine. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of medical care provided by osteopathic and allopathic physicians. METHODS: Five-year data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were used to study patient visits for primary care, including those for low back pain, neck pain, upper respiratory infection, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus...
December 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Felicity L Bishop, Alexandra L Dima, Jason Ngui, Paul Little, Rona Moss-Morris, Nadine E Foster, George T Lewith
STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study in south-west England primary care. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the decision-making processes that result in the delivery of particular treatments to patients with low back pain (LBP) in primary care and to examine clinicians' perspectives on the English National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) clinical guidelines for managing LBP in primary care. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Merely publishing clinical guidelines is known to be insufficient to ensure their implementation...
December 2015: Spine
Chad T Andicochea, Joel Fulkerson, Bradley M Taylor, Steven J Portouw
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) in the aviator can be a significant safety risk because of distraction during flight. Flight Surgeons are tasked with seeking out appropriate medical care that reduces pilot risk while providing squadron-specific mission support. CASE: An F-5 pilot presented with chronic LBP seeking nonpharmacological and noninvasive therapy. After 3 days of manual treatment that corrected sacral, pelvic, and lumbar dysfunction, this pilot reported greater than 80% reduction in overall pain and was able to return to flight...
October 2015: Military Medicine
D Gallo-Padilla, C Gallo-Padilla, F J Gallo-Vallejo, J L Gallo-Vallejo
After explaining that low back pain is considered the most common pregnancy complication, its pathogenesis, risk factors and the clinical characteristics of the very painful symptoms of this condition are described. As for its approach, it is stressed that it must be multidisciplinary, introducing very important preventive measures, including proper postural hygiene. For its treatment, the methods may be based on non-surgical or pharmacological interventions of a conservative non-invasive nature. Thus, physiotherapy, osteopathic manipulation, multimodal intervention (exercise and education), exercises performed in water environment, acupuncture, etc...
September 2016: Semergen
Peter Berberian, Chinyere Obimba, Richard Glickman-Simon, Tanmeet Sethi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Leonardo Rios Diniz, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Karina Ferreira Lagoa, Sérgio Thomaz, Marcia Elisabeth Rodrigues, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira, Ana Clara Bonini-Rocha
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic medicine is based on a diagnostic and therapeutic system to treat tissue mobility/ motility dysfunctions in general, using different approaches (depending on the target tissue) known as osteopathic manipulative treatment. Among the available techniques those ones addressed to the cranial field are the most questioned because of the lack of scientific evidence; but the compression of the 4th ventricle technique has been largely studied in clinical trials. Studies have shown that the technique may affect both central and autonomous nervous system, modulating some reflexes (Traube-Hering baro signal), and modifying brain cortex electrical activity through central sensitization in subjects with chronic low back pain...
July 13, 2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Florian Schwerla, Katrin Rother, Denis Rother, Michaela Ruetz, Karl-Ludwig Resch
CONTEXT: Persistent low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint among women during and after pregnancy, and its effects on quality of life can be disabling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) in women with persistent LBP and functional disability after childbirth. METHODS: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial was conducted among a sample of women with a history of pregnancy-related LBP for at least 3 months after delivery...
July 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
F Pellerin, E Papin-Richard, P Guihéneuc, S Niel, G Guihard
In this research, we have studied the consequences of three consecutive osteopathic manipulative sessions (OMS) on postural control by using a single-case research (SCR) design. The patient was a 77 years old woman complaining of altered balance and low-back pain. OMS were delivered by a single practitioner. The pain level was self-rated by using a visual Borg scale. The posture was monitored on a force platform. Postural parameters were deduced from the analysis of the centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacement...
April 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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