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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339563/trauma-informed-social-work-practice
#2
Jill Levenson
Social workers frequently encounter clients with a history of trauma. Trauma-informed care is a way of providing services by which social workers recognize the prevalence of early adversity in the lives of clients, view presenting problems as symptoms of maladaptive coping, and understand how early trauma shapes a client's fundamental beliefs about the world and affects his or her psychosocial functioning across the life span. Trauma-informed social work incorporates core principles of safety, trust, collaboration, choice, and empowerment and delivers services in a manner that avoids inadvertently repeating unhealthy interpersonal dynamics in the helping relationship...
January 23, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330702/-exploratory-population-study-of-overweight-and-obese-subjects-perceptions-searching-for-improved-management-practices
#3
C Crutze, B Pétré, N Dardenne, A-F Donneau, S Streel, A Albert, A Scheen, E Husson, M Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems of growing concern. Few studies have investigated the representations and perceptions of subjects with overweight and obesity, especially in the general population, as compared to people in a medical weight loss process. The objective of this study was to fill this gap by enabling participants to express their feelings and experience about their overweight, and to assess the extent of the body mass index (BMI) as a determinant of these perceptions...
March 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328372/psychiatric-genomics-and-mental-health-treatment-setting-the-ethical-agenda
#4
Camillia Kong, Michael Dunn, Michael Parker
Realizing the benefits of translating psychiatric genomics research into mental health care is not straightforward. The translation process gives rise to ethical challenges that are distinctive from challenges posed within psychiatric genomics research itself, or that form part of the delivery of clinical psychiatric genetics services. This article outlines and considers three distinct ethical concerns posed by the process of translating genomic research into frontline psychiatric practice and policy making...
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327926/genomic-characterisation-of-her2-positive-breast-cancer-and-response-to-neoadjuvant-trastuzumab-and-chemotherapy-results-from-the-acosog-z1041-alliance-trial
#5
R Lesurf, O L Griffith, M Griffith, J Hundal, L Trani, M A Watson, R Aft, M J Ellis, D Ota, V J Suman, F Meric-Bernstam, A M Leitch, J C Boughey, G Unzeitig, A U Buzdar, K K Hunt, E R Mardis
Background: HER2 ( ERBB2 ) gene amplification and its corresponding overexpression are present in 15-30% of invasive breast cancers. While HER2-targeted agents are effective treatments, resistance remains a major cause of death. The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1041 trial (NCT00513292) was designed to compare the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate of distinct regimens of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab, but ultimately identified no difference [1]. Patients and methods: In supplement to tissues from 37 Z1041 cases, 11 similarly treated cases were obtained from a single institution study (NCT00353483)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325712/enlight-a-comprehensive-quality-and-therapeutic-potential-evaluation-tool-for-mobile-and-web-based-ehealth-interventions
#6
Amit Baumel, Keren Faber, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane, Fred Muench
BACKGROUND: Studies of criteria-based assessment tools have demonstrated the feasibility of objectively evaluating eHealth interventions independent of empirical testing. However, current tools have not included some quality constructs associated with intervention outcome, such as persuasive design, behavior change, or therapeutic alliance. In addition, the generalizability of such tools has not been explicitly examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to introduce the development and further analysis of the Enlight suite of measures, developed to incorporate the aforementioned concepts and address generalizability aspects...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315415/best-practices-in-relational-skills-training-for-medical-trainees-and-providers-an-essential-element-of-addressing-aces-and-promoting-resilience
#7
Eran Magen, Horace M DeLisser
Medical providers' ability to form strong therapeutic alliances with patients is an essential clinical skill that is associated with a higher quality of care and improved provider well being. However, comparatively few medical providers exhibit adequate relational skills, which serve to convey respect, communicate caring, and build trust between the medical provider and the patient. A growing number of medical training programs and continuing medical education programs have begun to incorporate relational skills training, but the results have been highly variable in terms of training methods and impact...
March 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300508/promoting-safety-in-hypnosis-a-clinical-instrument-for-the-assessment-of-alertness
#8
Hedy A Howard
Hypnosis has long demonstrated its power to facilitate various approaches to psychotherapy. Like other potent modalities, hypnosis may produce unwanted effects. Although its negative sequelae are usually mild and transient, more serious complications may occur. Recently, attention has been drawn to the powerful role of failures of dehypnosis or alerting/realerting in producing unwanted effects. Traditionally, alerting has been viewed as a relatively uncomplicated process that requires little more than the simple suggestion that the subject will return or awaken from trance, and exiting from trance has generally been considered the cessation of the phenomena suggested during induction and thereafter...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299792/life-experience-of-the-adult-and-ageing-patient-with-haemophilia-practical-aspects-for-psychological-support
#9
REVIEW
A Torres-Ortuño, R Cid-Sabatel, J Barbero, M García-Dasí
This article discusses, from a psychological perspective, the life experience of the adult and ageing person with haemophilia, including psychological issues, aspects of his personal and social integration, decision-making, communication and other factors that may affect treatment adherence and quality of life. The aim was to provide haematologists and healthcare staff with knowledge and resources to improve communication and support for adult persons with haemophilia, and raise awareness on psychosocial issues related to quality of life, sexuality and aspects associated with ageing with haemophilia...
March 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292690/overcoming-professionals-challenging-experiences-to-promote-a-trustful-therapeutic-alliance-in-addiction-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#10
Aymeric Reyre, Raphaël Jeannin, Myriam Largueche, Marie Rose Moro, Thierry Baubet, Olivier Taieb
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A good therapeutic alliance plays a major role in the healing process. Professionals working in addiction treatment report high levels of psychological distress related to work and this may challenge the establishment of a trustful therapeutic alliance, and lead to a loss of care quality provided to service users. The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of specialized professionals, its effects on trust and the therapeutic alliance, and the means to restore them...
March 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282795/measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-working-alliance-inventory-patient-and-therapist-short-forms-and-session-rating-scale-for-low-back-pain
#11
Amanda Costa Araujo, Rúben Negrão Filho, Crystian B Oliveira, Paulo H Ferreira, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: In the low back pain (LBP) field, therapeutic alliance is considered a non-specific factor of interventions associated with improvements in clinical outcomes. However, there is a paucity of studies aimed to evaluate measurement properties of tools used to objectively quantify the alliance between therapist and patients, such as the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) and Session Rating Scale (SRS). OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the short-form version of WAI - therapist and SRS into Brazilian Portuguese; to investigate the measurement properties, of the WAI-Patient, WAI-Therapist and SRS in patients with LBP and their physical therapists, respectively...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#12
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273490/therapeutic-alliance-over-the-course-of-child-trauma-therapy-from-three-different-perspectives
#13
Karina P M Zorzella, Sara Lynn Rependa, Robert T Muller
In a multi-site, controlled study with follow up, we looked at the therapeutic alliance in child trauma therapy. Parent, child, and therapist ratings were used to examine how therapeutic alliance changes over the course of Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TF-CBT), an intervention that uses an exposure based method called a trauma narrative. Participants were 65 children and their caregivers in a community based trauma therapy program in Canada. Children in treatment underwent TF-CBT, including the trauma narrative asking them to write out and process their trauma story in detail...
March 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264584/clinicians-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-face-to-face-and-telepractice-speech-language-pathology-sessions
#14
Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech-language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. METHOD: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children - Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians' perceptions of rapport with up to three clients...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263654/the-termination-phase-therapists-perspective-on-the-therapeutic-relationship-and-outcome
#15
Avantika Bhatia, Charles J Gelso
The termination phase of treatment is recognized as a significant aspect of the therapy process and yet remains vastly understudied in psychotherapy literature. In the present study, therapists' perspectives were used to examine how 3 elements of the therapy relationship (working alliance, real relationship, and transference) during the termination phase relate to perceived client sensitivity to loss, termination phase evaluation, and overall treatment outcome. Self-report data were gathered from 233 therapists, recruited from 2 Divisions of the American Psychological Association...
March 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263642/observer-youth-and-therapist-perspectives-on-the-alliance-in-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-anxiety
#16
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Philip C Kendall
This study examined the score reliability and validity of observer- (Therapy Process Observational Coding System for Child Psychotherapy-Alliance scale [TPOCS-A]; Vanderbilt Therapeutic Alliance Scale Revised, Short Form [VTAS-R-SF]), therapist- (Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children Therapist Version [TASC-T]), and youth-rated (Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children Child Version [TASC-C]) alliance instruments. Youths (N = 50) aged 7-15 (Mage = 10.28 years, SD = 1.84; 88.0% Caucasian; 60.0% male) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder received manual-based cognitive-behavioral treatment...
March 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261907/significant-change-events-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-is-cognition-or-emotion-more-important
#17
Kye L McCarthy, Peter Caputi, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: Significant change events are helpful moments within a psychotherapy session that have been shown in previous research to relate strongly to outcome. They are special moments and therefore provide rich data for research into understanding therapeutic process. This study investigated clinical and linguistic features of these helpful moments using and comparing both human ratings and computerized text analysis strategies. METHOD: Significant change events versus non-event passages were studied within 1195 word blocks of transcribed psychotherapy for 20 participants with diagnoses of comorbid depression and personality disorder...
March 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257071/a-novel-therapy-for-people-who-attempt-suicide-and-why-we-need-new-models-of-suicide
#18
Konrad Michel, Ladislav Valach, Anja Gysin-Maillart
This paper presents a model of suicidal behaviour based on suicide as a goal-directed action, and its implications. An action theoretical model has guided the authors in the development of a brief therapy for individuals who attempt suicide (ASSIP-Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program). Key elements are an early therapeutic alliance, narrative interviewing, psychoeducation, a joint case conceptualization, safety planning, and regular letters over 24 months. In a randomized controlled trial, ASSIP was highly effective in reducing the risk of suicide reattempts...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251622/the-effectiveness-of-psychoanalysis-in-a-case-study-using-multi-perspective-methodology-conflict-in-choosing-a-partner-due-to-transgenerational-mandate
#19
Alejandro Tamez
A case study is presented to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoanalysis and the persistence of its benefits 20 years later in a young woman with severe depression, professional inhibition, and difficulties in partner selection due to transgenerational mandate (TGM). The investigation was carried out with psychoanalytic interviews with the patient and analyst, which were evaluated by both psychoanalytic and non-psychoanalytic judges following a methodology based on one tested in Germany by Leuzinger-Bohleber et al...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248565/learning-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-in-southeast-asia
#20
Jiann Lin Loo, Jin Kiat Ang, Natasha Subhas, Brian Kong Wai Ho, Hazli Zakaria, César A Alfonso
The subjective nature of psychodynamic psychotherapy (PP) makes training and supervision more abstract compared to other forms of psychotherapy. The issues encountered in the learning and supervision process of PP of Malaysian psychiatry trainees are discussed in this article. Issues of preparation before starting PP, case selection, assessment of patients, dynamic formulations, supervision, anxieties in the therapy, countertransference, termination of therapy, the treatment alliance, transfer of care, the therapeutic setting, and bioethical considerations are explored...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
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