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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#2
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#3
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338143/mastering-the-non-equilibrium-assembly-and-operation-of-molecular-machines
#4
Cristian Pezzato, Chuyang Cheng, J Fraser Stoddart, R Dean Astumian
In mechanically interlocked compounds, such as rotaxanes and catenanes, the molecules are held together by mechanical rather than chemical bonds. These compounds can be engineered to have several well-defined mechanical states by incorporating recognition sites between the different components. The rates of the transitions between the recognition sites can be controlled by introducing steric "speed bumps" or electrostatically switchable gates. A mechanism for the absorption of energy can also be included by adding photoactive, catalytically active, or redox-active recognition sites, or even charges and dipoles...
March 24, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337829/peer-bullying-in-seniors-subsidised-apartment-communities-in-saskatoon-canada-participatory-research
#5
Donna Goodridge, Jennifer Heal-Salahub, Elliot PausJenssen, George James, Joan Lidington
Given that 'home' is the major physical-spatial environment of many older adults and that home, social and neighbourhood environments are well-recognised to impact both the ability to age in place and quality of life in this population, a better understanding of the nature of social interactions within seniors' communal living environments is critical for health promotion. This paper describes a two-phase participatory research study examining peer bullying by older adults conducted in April and May, 2016. Responding to needs expressed by tenants, the objectives of this study were to identify the nature, prevalence and consequences of peer bullying for tenants of two low-income senior apartment communities...
March 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337089/evaluation-of-the-environmental-noise-levels-in-abuja-municipality-using-mobile-phones
#6
T Ibekwe, D Folorunso, A Ebuta, J Amodu, M Nwegbu, Z Mairami, I Liman, C Okebaram, C Chimdi, B Durogbola, H Suleiman, H Mamven, N Baamlong, E Dahilo, I Gbujie, P Ibekwe, O Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Noise remains a nuisance which impacts negatively on the physical, social and psychological wellbeing of man. It aggravates chronic illnesses like hypertension and other cardiopulmonary diseases. Unfortunately, increased activities from industrialization and technological transfers/drifts have tumultuously led to increased noise pollution in most of our fast growing cities today and hence the need for concerted efforts in monitoring and regulating our environmental noise. OBJECTIVE: To assess the equivalent noise level (Leq) in Abuja municipality and promote a simple method for regular assessment of Leq within our environment...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334558/feasibility-and-added-value-of-executive-walkrounds-in-long-term-care-organizations-in-the-netherlands
#7
Loes van Dusseldorp, Getty Huisman-de Waal, Hub Hamers, Gert Westert, Lisette Schoonhoven
BACKGROUND: Currently available tools for the management of safety in health care are largely based on quantitative management information. Executive WalkRounds (WalkRounds [WR]) seems useful as a leadership tool to detect "soft signals"-alerts of unsafe situations or practices-and to enhance the mutual trust between frontline staff and the board of directors. The majority of the research on WR has been performed in hospitals. Therefore, a study was conducted to assess how the boards of directors of long term care organizations value WR as a leadership tool to perceive soft signals, and whether soft signals are of added value to enhance patient safety...
December 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332018/seasonal-loss-and-resumption-of-circadian-rhythms-in-hibernating-arctic-ground-squirrels
#8
Cory T Williams, Maya Radonich, Brian M Barnes, C Loren Buck
Circadian clocks are near universal among organisms and play a key role in coordinating physiological and metabolic functions to anticipate or coincide with predictable daily changes in the physical and social environment. However, whether circadian rhythms persist and are functionally important during hibernation in all mammals is currently unclear. We examined whether circadian rhythms of body temperature (T b) persist during multi-day, steady-state torpor and investigated the association between timing of animal emergence, exposure to light, and resumption of activity and T b rhythms in free-living and captive male arctic ground squirrels...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331016/brain-wide-maps-of-fos-expression-during-fear-learning-and-recall
#9
Jin-Hyung Cho, Sam D Rendall, Jesse M Gray
Fos induction during learning labels neuronal ensembles in the hippocampus that encode a specific physical environment, revealing a memory trace. In the cortex and other regions, the extent to which Fos induction during learning reveals specific sensory representations is unknown. Here we generate high-quality brain-wide maps of Fos mRNA expression during auditory fear conditioning and recall in the setting of the home cage. These maps reveal a brain-wide pattern of Fos induction that is remarkably similar among fear conditioning, shock-only, tone-only, and fear recall conditions, casting doubt on the idea that Fos reveals auditory-specific sensory representations...
April 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327836/-health-related-quality-of-life-of-the-elderly-population-in-a-rural-and-urban-area-of-peru
#10
Jean Hernandez-Huayta, Sofía Chavez-Meneses, Nilton Yhuri Carreazo
Objectives.: To assess the health related quality of life in a sample of elderly population in a rural and urban Peruvian area. Materials and methods.: A cross-sectional study was performed in elderly population from four rural districts and one urban from the period October 2014 to January 2016. The association between the area of residence and five sociodemographic variables was assessed with the chi square test. Using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and assessing size effect, WHOQoL-OLD and WHOQoL-BREF domain scores and global score of the former obtained in the survey were measured and compared...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327543/physical-limitations-walkability-perceived-environmental-facilitators-and-physical-activity-of-older-adults-in-finland
#11
Erja Portegijs, Kirsi E Keskinen, Li-Tang Tsai, Taina Rantanen, Merja Rantakokko
The aim was to study objectively assessed walkability of the environment and participant perceived environmental facilitators for outdoor mobility as predictors of physical activity in older adults with and without physical limitations. 75-90-year-old adults living independently in Central Finland were interviewed (n = 839) and reassessed for self-reported physical activity one or two years later (n = 787). Lower-extremity physical limitations were defined as Short Physical Performance Battery score ≤9. Number of perceived environmental facilitators was calculated from a 16-item checklist...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327507/variation-in-older-adult-characteristics-by-residence-type-and-use-of-home-and-community-based-services
#12
Heidi H Ewen, Tiffany R Washington, Kerstin G Emerson, Andrew T Carswell, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: The majority of older adults prefer to remain in their homes, or to "age-in-place." To accomplish this goal, many older adults will rely upon home- and community-based services (HCBS) for support. However, the availability and accessibility of HCBS may differ based on whether the older adult lives in the community or in a senior housing apartment facility. Methods: This paper reports findings from the Pathways to Life Quality study of residential change and stability among seniors in upstate New York...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#13
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324980/effect-of-wearable-sensor-dynamics-on-physical-activity-estimates-a-comparison-between-sci-vs-healthy-individuals
#14
C Jayaraman, C K Mummidisetty, A Jayaraman
Accuracy of physical activity estimates predicted by activity monitoring technologies may be affected by device location, analysis algorithms, type of technology (i.e. wearable/stickable) and population demographics (disability) being studied. Consequently, the main purpose of this investigation was to study such sensor dynamics (i.e. effect of device location, type and population demographics on energy expenditure estimates) of two commercial activity monitors. It was hypothesized that device location, population studied (disability), choice of proprietary algorithm and type of technology used will significantly impact the accuracy of the predicted physical activity metrics...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323846/problems-identified-by-dual-sensory-impaired-older-adults-in-long-term-care-when-using-a-self-management-program-a-qualitative-study
#15
Lieve Roets-Merken, Sytse Zuidema, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Marianne Dees, Pieter Hermsen, Gertrudis Kempen, Maud Graff
OBJECTIVE: To gain insights into the problems of dual sensory impaired older adults in long-term care. Insights into these problems are essential for developing adequate policies which address the needs of the increasing population of dual sensory impaired older adults in long-term care. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in parallel with a cluster randomized controlled trial. Dual sensory impaired older adults in the intervention group (n = 47, age range 82-98) were invited by a familiar nurse to identify the problems they wanted to address...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323457/n-of-1-study-of-weight-loss-maintenance-assessing-predictors-of-physical-activity-adherence-to-weight-loss-plan-and-weight-change
#16
Dominika Kwasnicka, Stephan U Dombrowski, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVE: Behaviour change interventions are effective in supporting individuals to achieve clinically significant weight loss, but weight loss maintenance (WLM) is less often attained. This study examined predictive variables associated with WLM. DESIGN: N-of-1 study with daily ecological momentary assessment combined with objective measurement of weight and physical activity, collected with wireless devices (Fitbit™) for six months. Eight previously obese adults who had lost over 5% of their body weight in the past year took part...
March 21, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322877/neighborhood-walkability-moderates-the-association-between-low-back-pain-and-physical-activity-a-co-twin-control-study
#17
J R Zadro, D Shirley, M B Pinheiro, A Bauman, G E Duncan, P H Ferreira
The aim of this study was to investigate whether neighborhood walkability moderates the association between low back pain (LBP) and physical activity (PA), using a co-twin design to control for genetics and shared environmental factors. A cross-sectional analysis was performed on 10,228 twins from the Washington State Twin Registry with available data on LBP from recruitment surveys between 2009 and 2013. LBP within the past 3months was our exposure variable. Our outcome variables were sufficient moderate or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA, defined as at least 75min of vigorous-intensity PA, or 150min of moderate-intensity PA per week), and walking (≥150min per week)...
March 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321187/steps-to-health-in-cognitive-aging-effects-of-physical-activity-on-spatial-attention-and-executive-control-in-the-elderly
#18
Giancarlo Condello, Roberta Forte, Simone Falbo, John B Shea, Angela Di Baldassarre, Laura Capranica, Caterina Pesce
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether physical activity (PA) habits may positively impact performance of the orienting and executive control networks in community-dwelling aging individuals and diabetics, who are at risk of cognitive dysfunction. To this aim, we tested cross-sectionally whether age, ranging from late middle-age to old adulthood, and PA level independently or interactively predict different facets of the attentional performance. Hundred and thirty female and male individuals and 22 adults with type 2 diabetes aged 55-84 years were recruited and their daily PA (steps) was objectively measured by means of armband monitors...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#19
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320422/do-associations-between-objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-neighbourhood-environment-attributes-vary-by-time-of-the-day-and-day-of-the-week-ipen-adult-study
#20
Ester Cerin, Josef Mitáš, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Marc A Adams, Grant Schofield, Olga L Sarmiento, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Jasper Schipperijn, Rachel Davey, Deborah Salvo, Rosario Orzanco-Garralda, Duncan J Macfarlane, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen, James F Sallis, Delfien Van Dyck
BACKGROUND: To more accurately quantify the potential impact of the neighbourhood environment on adults' physical activity (PA), it is important to compare environment-PA associations between periods of the day or week when adults are more versus less likely to be in their neighbourhood and utilise its PA resources. We examined whether, among adults from 10 countries, associations between objectively-assessed neighbourhood environment attributes and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) varied by time of the day and day of the week...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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