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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107849/attitudes-to-and-beliefs-about-animal-assisted-therapy-for-children-with-disabilities
#1
Esther Yap, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the attitudes and beliefs surrounding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for the rehabilitation of children with disabilities at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), focusing specifically on cerebral palsy (CP), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and acquired brain injury (ABI). This was an initial step to inform future AAT research and to understand the feasibility of interventions. DESIGN/SETTING/OUTCOME MEASURES: An online survey asking participants their opinions about the inclusion of AAT, and potential barriers to its introduction in a tertiary hospital setting was advertised on the RCH Intranet from 3 March 2015 to 3 April 2015...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#2
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104802/the-ssl2245-sll1130-toxin-antitoxin-system-mediates-heat-induced-programmed-cell-death-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc6803
#3
Afshan Srikumar, Pilla Sankara Krishna, Dokku Sivaramakrishna, Stefan Kopfmann, Wolfgang R Hess, Musti J Swamy, Sue Lin-Chao, Jogadhenu S S Prakash
Two putative heat responsive genes, ssl2245 and sll1130 constitute an operon that also has characteristics of a toxin-antitoxin system, thus joining several enigmatic features. Closely related orthologs of Ssl2245 and Sll1130 exist in widely different bacteria, which thrive under environments with large fluctuations in temperature and salinity, among which some are thermo-epilithic biofilm forming cyanobacteria. Transcriptome analyses revealed that the CRISPR genes as well as several hypothetical genes were commonly up-regulated in Δssl2245 and Δsll1130 mutants...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101366/weighting-criteria-and-prioritizing-of-heat-stress-indices-in-surface-mining-using-a-delphi-technique-and-fuzzy-ahp-topsis-method
#4
Mehdi Asghari, Parvin Nassiri, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Farideh Golbabaei, Hossein Arabalibeik, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Armin Allahverdy
BACKGROUND: Heat stress as a physical harmful agent can increase the risk of health and safety problems in different workplaces such as mining. Although there are different indices to assess the heat stress imposed on workers, choosing the best index for a specific workplace is so important. Since various criteria affect an index applicability, extracting the most effective ones and determining their weights help to prioritize the existing indices and select the optimal index. METHODS: In order to achieve this aim, present study compared some heat stress indices using effective methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099436/a-new-approach-to-model-pitch-perception-using-sparse-coding
#5
Oded Barzelay, Miriam Furst, Omri Barak
Our acoustical environment abounds with repetitive sounds, some of which are related to pitch perception. It is still unknown how the auditory system, in processing these sounds, relates a physical stimulus and its percept. Since, in mammals, all auditory stimuli are conveyed into the nervous system through the auditory nerve (AN) fibers, a model should explain the perception of pitch as a function of this particular input. However, pitch perception is invariant to certain features of the physical stimulus...
January 18, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#6
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098306/effective-viscosity-and-dynamics-of-spreading-epithelia-a-solvable-model
#7
C Blanch-Mercader, R Vincent, E Bazellières, X Serra-Picamal, X Trepat, J Casademunt
Collective cell migration in spreading epithelia in controlled environments has become a landmark in our current understanding of fundamental biophysical processes in development, regeneration, wound healing or cancer. Epithelial monolayers are treated as thin layers of a viscous fluid that exert active traction forces on the substrate. The model is exactly solvable and shows a broad range of applicabilities for the quantitative analysis and interpretation of force microscopy data of monolayers from a variety of experiments and cell lines...
January 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097673/schoolyard-shade-and-sun-exposure-assessment-of-personal-monitoring-during-children-s-physical-activity
#8
Jennifer K Vanos, Grant R McKercher, Kylie Naughton, Marc Lochbaum
Childhood exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a major risk factor for the development of melanoma later in life. However, it is challenging to accurately determine personal outdoor exposure to UVR, specifically erythemally-weighted UVR (UVEry ), due to technological constraints, variable time-activity patterns, and the influence of outdoor environmental design. To address this challenge, the current study utilized mobile and stationary techniques to examine the UVEry exposures of 14 children in a schoolyard in Lubbock, TX in spring 2016...
January 18, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095861/challenges-in-conducting-natural-experiments-in-parks-lessons-from-the-revamp-study
#9
Jenny Veitch, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, David Crawford, Kate Dullaghan, Alison Carver, Anna Timperio
: Experimental evidence on the role of the built environment for promoting physical activity is important for informing how to create cities that promote active living. Parks provide opportunities for physical activity; however, there is little robust evidence on the impact of park refurbishment. Government agencies often modify parks, providing opportunities for natural experiment studies of these interventions. Such an opportunity was provided by the modification of a large park in Victoria, Australia in 2013 when the Recording and EValuating Activity in a Modified Park (REVAMP) study was established...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095501/birth-weight-and-its-relationship-with-the-cardiac-autonomic-balance-in-healthy-children
#10
Livia Victorino Souza, Vanessa Oliveira, Franciele De Meneck, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi, Maria do Carmo Franco
Several studies indicate that the fetal environment plays a significant role in the development of cardiometabolic disease later in life. However, a few studies present conflicting data about the correlation between birth weight and the impairment of cardiac autonomic modulation. The purpose of the present study was to provide further knowledge to elucidate this contradictory relationship. One hundred children aged 5 and 14 years had anthropometric parameters, body composition and blood pressure levels determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095085/building-community-stakeholder-perspectives-on-walking-in-malls-and-other-venues
#11
Basia Belza, Christina E Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K King, David X Marquez, Dina L Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg, David R Brown
Mall walking has been a popular physical activity for decades. However, little is known about why mall managers support these programs or why adults choose to walk. Our study aim was to describe mall walking programs from the perspective of walkers, managers, and leaders. Twenty-eight walkers, 16 walking program managers, and six walking program leaders from five states participated in a telephone or in-person semi-structured interview (N=50). Interview guides were developed using a social-ecological model...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094986/improving-internal-cell-colonization-of-porous-scaffolds-with-chemical-gradients-produced-by-plasma-assisted-approaches
#12
Eloisa Sardella, Rania A Salama, Gihan H Waly, A Nour Habib, Pietro Favia, Roberto Gristina
Cell colonization of the surrounding environment is a very significant process in both physiological and pathological events. In order to understand the tissue regeneration process and thereby provide guidance principles for designing new biomaterials, it is of paramount importance to study the cell colonization in the presence of physical, chemical and biological cues. Flat "gradient" materials are generally used with this purpose. Three dimensional (3D) gradient scaffolds mimicking more precisely the situation in vivo, are somewhat more complex to fabricate and characterize...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094902/characteristics-of-dust-particles-abraded-from-pesticide-treated-seeds-2-density-porosity-and-chemical-content
#13
Dieter Foque, Wouter Devarrewaere, Pieter Verboven, David Nuyttens
BACKGROUND: Apart from particle size, drift of abraded seed particles during sowing is mainly affected by two other physical properties viz. particle shape and envelope density. The impact of these abraded seed particles on the environment is highly dependable on their active ingredient content. In this study, the envelope density and chemical content of dust abraded from seeds was determined as a function of particle size for six seed species. RESULTS: Envelope density and active ingredient content both change as a of function of particle size...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093573/impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers
#14
K M Renault, E M Carlsen, S Hædersdal, L Nilas, N J Secher, J Eugen-Olsen, D Cortes, S F Olsen, T I Halldorsson, K Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Offspring of obese mothers have increased risk of developing obesity and related short and long-term disease. The cause is multifactorial and may partly be explained by the unfavorable intrauterine environment. Intervention during pregnancy leading to a healthier lifestyle among obese may alter this. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of lifestyle intervention on markers of maternal metabolism and inflammation in 'the TOP (Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women)-study', a randomized controlled trial...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092144/exergaming-boxing-versus-heavy-bag-boxing-are-these-equipotent-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Maziah Mat Rosly, Hadi Mat Rosly, Nazirah Hasnan, Glen M Davis, Ruby Husain
BACKGROUND: Current strategies for increased physical activity and exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) face many challenges with regards to maintaining their continuity of participation. Barriers cited often include problems with accessing facilities, mundane, monotonous or boring exercises and expensive equipment that is often not adapted for wheelchair users. AIM: To compare the physiological responses and user preferences between conventional heavy bag boxing against a novel form of video game boxing, known as exergaming boxing...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090466/microbiome-linked-crosstalk-in-the-gastrointestinal-exposome-towards-host-health-and-disease
#16
REVIEW
Yuseok Moon
The gastrointestinal exposome represents the integration of all xenobiotic components and host-derived endogenous components affecting the host health, disease progression and ultimately clinical outcomes during the lifespan. The human gut microbiome as a dynamic exposome of commensalism continuously interacts with other exogenous exposome as well as host sentineling components including the immune and neuroendocrine circuit. The composition and diversity of the microbiome are established on the basis of the luminal environment (physical, chemical and biological exposome) and host surveillance at each part of the gastrointestinal lining...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088011/particulates-and-noise-exposure-during-bicycle-bus-and-car-commuting-a-study-in-three-european-cities
#17
Enembe O Okokon, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Anu W Turunen, Pekka Taimisto, Arto Pennanen, Ilias Vouitsis, Zissis Samaras, Marita Voogt, Menno Keuken, Timo Lanki
BACKGROUND: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies comparing exposures during recommended modes of transport versus car trips are needed. METHODS: We measured personal exposure to various-sized particulates, soot, and noise during commuting by bicycle, bus and car in three European cities: Helsinki in Finland, Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Thessaloniki in Greece using portable monitoring devices...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087549/engaging-stakeholders-and-target-groups-in-prioritising-a-public-health-intervention-the-creating-active-school-environments-case-online-delphi-study
#18
Katie L Morton, Andrew J Atkin, Kirsten Corder, Marc Suhrcke, David Turner, Esther M F van Sluijs
OBJECTIVES: Stakeholder engagement and public involvement are considered as integral to developing effective public health interventions and is encouraged across all phases of the research cycle. However, limited guidelines and appropriate tools exist to facilitate stakeholder engagement-especially during the intervention prioritisation phase. We present the findings of an online 'Delphi' study that engaged stakeholders (including young people) in the process of prioritising secondary school environment-focused interventions that aim to increase physical activity...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081251/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-modify-the-association-between-melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-variant-and-obesity-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#19
Jie-Yun Song, Qi-Ying Song, Shuo Wang, Jun Ma, Hai-Jun Wang
Effects of MC4R variants in previous Chinese population studies were inconsistent. Gene-environment interactions might influence the effect of MC4R variants on obesity, which was still unclear. We performed the study to clarify the association of variants near MC4R gene with obesity-related phenotypes and gene-environment interactions in Chinese children and adolescents. Two common variants (rs12970134 and rs17782313) near MC4R were genotyped in 2179 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in Beijing of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077430/successful-aging-as-the-intersection-of-individual-resources-age-environment-and-experiences-of-well-being-in-daily-activities
#20
Shannon T Mejía, Lindsay H Ryan, Richard Gonzalez, Jacqui Smith
OBJECTIVE: We conceptualize successful aging as a cumulative index of individual resources (the absence of disease and disability, high cognitive and physical functioning, social embeddedness) in the service of successful aging outcomes (global well-being, experienced well-being, and vital status), and conditioned by age, social structure, and environment. METHOD: The study used baseline and follow-up data from the 2008-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 17,230; age = 51-101)...
January 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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