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Jiaqiang Ren, Dawn Ward, Steven Chen, Katherine Tran, Ping Jin, Marianna Sabatino, Pamela G Robey, David F Stroncek
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have classically been cultured in media supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS). As an alternative to FBS, pooled solvent detergent apheresis platelets, HPGF-C18, was evaluated for BMSC culture. METHODS: A comparison of passage 2 BMSC growth revealed that 10% HPGF-C18 produced similar cell numbers as 20% FBS. Marrow aspirates from 5 healthy subjects were cultured for 4 passages in 10% HPGF-C18 or 20% FBS and were analyzed for proliferation, colony formation efficiency (CFE), surface marker expression, suppression of mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLRs), global gene and microRNA expression analysis...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Friederike Remm, Nicolle Kränkel, Daniela Lener, Daniel J Drucker, Sieghart Sopper, Christoph Brenner
Introduction: DPP4 inhibitors (gliptins) are commonly used antidiabetic drugs for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Gliptins also act in a glucose-independent manner and show vasoregenerative effects. We have shown that gliptins can remarkably accelerate vascular healing after vascular injury. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we examined potential signaling pathways linking gliptins to enhanced endothelial regeneration. Methods and Results: We used wild-type and GLP1 receptor knockout ( Glp1r -/- ) mice to investigate the underlying mechanisms of gliptin-induced reendothelialization...
2018: Stem Cells International
Martina Pesaresi, Sergi A Bonilla-Pons, Giacoma Simonte, Daniela Sanges, Umberto Di Vicino, Maria Pia Cosma
Müller glial cells (MGCs) represent the most plastic cell type found in the retina. Following injury, zebrafish and avian MGCs can efficiently re-enter the cell cycle, proliferate and generate new functional neurons. The regenerative potential of mammalian MGCs, however, is very limited. Here, we showed that N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) damage stimulates murine MGCs to re-enter the cell cycle and de-differentiate back to a progenitor-like stage. These events are dependent on the recruitment of endogenous bone marrow cells (BMCs), which, in turn, is regulated by the stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1)-C-X-C motif chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) pathway...
February 28, 2018: EBioMedicine
Julieta L Rojo, Martina Linari, Kelly A Young, Marina C Peluffo
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that the chemokine SDF1/CXCR4 system was present in feline cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and that COCs cultured with SDF1 would directly upregulate gene expression in the ovulatory cascade. METHODS: Ovaries (n = 50) were obtained from adult domestic cats during the breeding season and COCs were recovered from antral follicles. Because IVM media triggers cumulus-oocyte expansion, culture conditions needed to be optimized to study periovulatory genes...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Tayfun Kara, İsmail Akaltun, Bedia Cakmakoglu, İlyas Kaya, Salih Zoroğlu
Objective: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a complex pathophysiology including genetic, inflammatory and neurodevelopmental components. We aim to investigate the relationship between ASD and gene polymorphisms of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4), which may affect inflammatory and neurodevelopmental processes. Methods: 101 children diagnosed with ASD aged 2-18 and their biological parents were included in the study...
February 22, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Jiwei Ding, Jianyuan Zhao, Jinming Zhou, Xiaoyu Li, Yanbin Wu, Mei Ge, Shan Cen
OBJECTIVES: Genetic polymorphism of viral receptors is relevant to risks of HIV-1 infection, while it is still under debated whether the polymorphism of SDF1, a unique ligand for HIV-1 coreceptor CXCR4, is associated with HIV susceptibility and AIDS disease progression. Therefore, we provided an updated quantitative assessment by meta-analysis from 16 case-control and 7 cohort studies. METHODS: Articles reporting the relationship between SDF1 polymorphism and HIV susceptibility or AIDS progression were retrieved from PubMed, Embase and Ovid electronic databases up to Apr 2017...
2018: PloS One
Zhi Yang, Chengmin He, Jinyang He, Jing Chu, Hanping Liu, Xiaoyuan Deng
BACKGROUND: Adult full-thickness cutaneous wound repair suffers from an imbalanced immune response, leading to nonfunctional reconstructed tissue and fibrosis. Although various treatments have been reported, the immune-mediated tissue regeneration driven by biomaterial offers an attractive regenerative strategy for damaged tissue repair. METHODS: In this research, we investigated a specific bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) sheet that was induced by the Traditional Chinese Medicine curcumin (CS-C) and its immunomodulatory effects on wound repair...
January 31, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Tao Wu, Luna Yang, Yan Chen, Yinhua Ni, Jianguo Jiang, Wanjing Zhang, Qianchen Zhou, Xiaojun Zheng, Qi Wang, Zhengwei Fu, Haifeng Li
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a complex condition which is associated with high mortality and morbidity. However, few promising treatments for HIE exist. In the present study, the central objective was to identify the therapeutic effect of pilose antler polypeptides (PAP) on HIE in rats. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (14 days old) were used and divided into three groups, including control group, hypoxic-ischemia (HI) group and PAP group. After 21 days of treatment, locomotor activity was improved in PAP-treated rats, brain atrophy was decreased and cerebral edema was mitigated to some extent...
January 27, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Cornelia Monzel, Alexandra S Becker, Rainer Saffrich, Patrick Wuchter, Volker Eckstein, Anthony D Ho, Motomu Tanaka
Efficient mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) is one of the most crucial issues for harvesting an adequate amount of peripheral HSPC for successful clinical transplantation. Applying well-defined surrogate models for the bone marrow niche, live cell imaging techniques, and novel tools in statistical physics, we have quantified the functionality of two mobilization agents that have been applied in the clinic, NOX-A12 and AMD3100 (plerixafor), as compared to a naturally occurring chemokine in the bone marrow, SDF1α...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Outi Renko, Anna-Maria Tolonen, Jaana Rysä, Johanna Magga, Erja Mustonen, Heikki Ruskoaho, Raisa Serpi
Identification of the adult cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has offered new therapeutic possibilities for treating ischemic myocardium. CSCs positive for the cell surface antigen c-Kit are known as the primary source for cardiac regeneration. Accumulating evidence shows that chemokines play important roles in stem cell homing. Here we investigated molecular targets to be utilized in modulating the mobility of endogenous CSCs. In a four week follow-up after experimental acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of Sprague-Dawley rats c-Kit+ CSCs redistributed in the heart...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Richard J Wierichs, Sabrina Stausberg, Julian Lausch, Hendrik Meyer-Lueckel, Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
The aim of this study was to compare the caries-preventive effect of different fluoride varnishes on sound dentin as well as on artificial dentin caries-like lesions. Bovine dentin specimens (n = 220) with one sound surface (ST) and one artificial caries lesion (DT) were prepared and randomly allocated to 11 groups. The interventions before pH cycling were as follows: application of a varnish containing NaF (22,600 ppm F-; Duraphat [NaF0/NaF1]), NaF plus tricalcium phosphate (22,600 ppm F-; Clinpro White Varnish Mint [TCP0/TCP1]), NaF plus casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate complexes (CPP-ACP; 22,600 ppm F-; MI Varnish [CPP0/CPP1]), or silver diamine fluoride (SDF; 35,400 ppm F-; Cariestop 30% [SDF0/SDF1]) and no intervention (NNB/N0/N1)...
January 17, 2018: Caries Research
Rosa Di Liddo, Thomas Bertalot, Alessio Borean, Ivan Pirola, Alberto Argentoni, Sandra Schrenk, Carola Cenzi, Stefano Capelli, Maria Teresa Conconi, Pier Paolo Parnigotto
The wound healing is a complex process wherein inflammation, proliferation and regeneration evolve according to a spatio-temporal pattern from the activation of coagulation cascade to the formation of a plug clot including fibrin matrix, blood-borne cells and cytokines/growth factors. Creating environments conducive to tissue repair, the haemoderivatives are commonly proposed for the treatment of hard-to-heal wounds. Here, we explored in vitro the intrinsic regenerative potentialities of a leucocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin product, known as CPL-MB, defining the stemness grade of cells sprouting from the haemoderivative...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Masaaki Fujita, Parastoo Davari, Yoko K Takada, Yoshikazu Takada
Leukocyte arrest on the endothelial cell surface during leukocyte extravasation is induced by rapid integrin activation by chemokines. We recently reported that fractalkine induces integrin activation without its receptor CX3CR1 through binding to the allosteric site (site 2) of integrins. Peptides from site 2 bound to fractalkine and suppressed integrin activation by fractalkine. We hypothesized that this is not limited to membrane-bound fractalkine. We studied ifstromal cell-derived factor 1(SDF1), another chemokine that plays a critical role in leukocyte arrest, activates integrins through binding to site 2...
January 4, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Tomoyuki Hayashi, Taro Yamashita, Takeshi Terashima, Tsuyoshi Suda, Hikari Okada, Yoshiro Asahina, Takehiro Hayashi, Yasumasa Hara, Kouki Nio, Hajime Sunagozaka, Hajime Takatori, Kuniaki Arai, Yoshio Sakai, Tatsuya Yamashita, Eishiro Mizukoshi, Masao Honda, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is a multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor known to prolong overall survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Predicting this drug's survival benefits is challenging because clinical responses are rarely measurable during treatment. In this study, we hypothesized that serum cytokines levels could predict the survival of advanced HCC patients, as sorafenib targets signaling pathways activated in the tumor stromal microenvironment and potentially affects serum cytokine profiles...
December 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
Weifeng Lu, Xiaoli Chen, Yi Si, Shichai Hong, Zhengyu Shi, Weiguo Fu
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been increasingly tested in cell-based therapy to treat numerous diseases. Genetic modification to improve MSC behavior may enhance posttransplantation outcome. This study aims to test the potential therapeutic benefits of rat bone marrow MSCs overexpressing hypoxia-inducible factor 2 α (rMSCsHIF-2 α ) in a rat hindlimb ischemia model. PBS, rMSCs, or rMSCsHIF-2 α were injected into rat ischemic hindlimb. Compared with the injection of PBS or rMSCs, transplantation of rMSCsHIF-2 α significantly improved blood perfusion, increased the number of vessel branches in the muscle of the ischemic hindlimb, and improved the foot mobility of the ischemic hindlimb (all P < 0...
2017: Stem Cells International
Subin Surendran, Gangotri Siddappa, Amrutha Mohan, Wesley Hicks, Vijayvel Jayaprakash, Christina Mimikos, Mohammed Mahri, Fatima Almarzouki, Kayla Morrell, Ravindra Ravi, Sindhu Govindan, C N Sushma, Nisheena Raghavan, Praveen Birur, Jeyaram Ilayaraja, Mihai Merzianu, Mary Reid, Amritha Suresh, Moni Abraham Kuriakose
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine association between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and their niche with progression of oral potentially malignant disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed oral potentially malignant disorders, stratified into high/low risk lesions based on the degree of dysplasia and oral cancer were included in this study. Immunohistochemical profiling of markers of CSCs (CD44), endothelial cells (CD31) and CSC-vascular niche cross-talk (CXCR4 and SDF1) were carried out...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
Jyoti Kode, Navin Khattry, Ashish Bakshi, Vasanti Amrutkar, Bhausaheb Bagal, Rohini Karandikar, Pallavi Rane, Nobutaka Fujii, Shubhada Chiplunkar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Next generation transplantation medicine aims to develop stimulating cocktail for increased ex vivo expansion of primitive hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC). The present study was done to evaluate the cocktail GF (Thrombopoietin + Stem Cell factor + Flt3-ligand) and homing-defining molecule Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) for HSPC ex vivo expansion. METHODS: Peripheral blood stem cell (n=74) harvests were analysed for CD34hiCD45lo HSPC...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Delphine Séhédic, Igor Chourpa, Clément Tétaud, Audrey Griveau, Claire Loussouarn, Sylvie Avril, Claire Legendre, Nicolas Lepareur, Didier Wion, François Hindré, François Davodeau, Emmanuel Garcion
PURPOSE: Gold standard beam radiation for glioblastoma (GBM) treatment is challenged by resistance phenomena occurring in cellular populations well prepared to survive or to repair damage caused by radiation. Among signals that have been linked with radio-resistance, the SDF1/CXCR4 axis, associated with cancer stem-like cell, may be an opportune target. To avoid the problem of systemic toxicity and blood-brain barrier crossing, the relevance and efficacy of an original system of local brain internal radiation therapy combining a radiopharmaceutical with an immuno-nanoparticle was investigated...
2017: Theranostics
Moyuan Deng, Tieniu Mei, Tianyong Hou, Keyu Luo, Fei Luo, Aijun Yang, Bo Yu, Hao Pang, Shiwu Dong, Jianzhong Xu
BACKGROUND: The recruitment of a sufficient number of endogenous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is the first stage of in-situ tissue regeneration. Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGFβ3) could recruit stem or progenitor cells and endothelial cells to participate in tissue regeneration. However, the mechanism of TGFβ3 recruiting MSCs toward bone regeneration has remained obscure. METHODS: We estimated the promigratory property of TGFβ3 on human bone marrow MSCs (hBMSCs) cocultured with the vascular cells (human umbilical artery smooth muscle cells or human umbilical vein endothelial cells) or not by Transwell assay...
November 10, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yi-Shiuan Tzeng, Ni-Chun Chung, Yu-Ren Chen, Hsin-Yi Huang, Wen-Po Chunang, Dar-Ming Lai
Bone and bone marrow serve as an imperative ecosystem to various types of cells participating in critical body functions. The chemokine Cxcl12, also known as stromal cell-derived factor 1 (Sdf1), is one of the communication factors in the marrow microenvironment that regulate hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell homeostasis. However, the function of Cxcl12 in other bone marrow cells in vivo is yet to be discovered. Here we report a novel function of Cxcl12 in postnatal bone development and homeostasis. Targeted deletion of Cxcl12 in Prx1- or Osx-expressing mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSPCs), but not in mature osteoblasts, resulted in marrow adiposity and reduced trabecular bone content...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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