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Fluorescent nanoparticles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723583/label-free-high-resolution-3-d-imaging-of-gold-nanoparticles-inside-live-cells-using-optical-diffraction-tomography
#1
Doyeon Kim, Nuri Oh, Kyoohyun Kim, SangYun Lee, Chan-Gi Pack, Ji-Ho Park, YongKeun Park
Delivery of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) into live cells has high potentials, ranging from molecular-specific imaging, photodiagnostics, to photothermal therapy. However, studying the long-term dynamics of cells with GNPs using conventional fluorescence techniques suffers from phototoxicity and photobleaching. Here, we present a method for 3-D imaging of GNPs inside live cells exploiting refractive index (RI) as imaging contrast. Employing optical diffraction tomography, 3-D RI tomograms of live cells with GNPs are precisely measured for an extended period with sub-micrometer resolution...
July 16, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723203/multicolor-functional-carbon-dots-via-one-step-refluxing-synthesis
#2
Ting-Yi Wang, Chong-You Chen, Chang-Ming Wang, Ying Zi Tan, Wei-Ssu Liao
Carbon dots are admirable fluorescent nanomaterials due to their low cost, high photostability, excellent biocompatibility, and environmental friendliness. Most conventional carbon dot fabrication approaches produce single-colored fluorescent material in the preparation process; different methods are therefore required to synthesize distinct carbon dots for specific optical applications. In this study, carbon dots carrying different emission colors are prepared through a one-step refluxing process. The emission of these materials can be well-tuned by sodium hydroxide content in the precursor solution...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723139/sensitive-cytokine-assay-based-on-optical-fiber-allowing-localized-and-spatially-resolved-detection-of-interleukin-6
#3
Guozhen Liu, Kaixin Zhang, Annemarie Nadort, Mark R Hutchinson, Ewa M Goldys
We demonstrated a cytokine detection device based on gold nanoparticle modified silica optical fiber for the monitoring of locally variable cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations using a sandwich immunoassay scheme. The fiber is designed to be introduced into an intrathecal catheter with micrometer-sized holes drilled along its length to enable fluid exchange between the outside and inside of the catheter. An exposed optical fiber (diameter 125 μm) modified with a layer of gold nanoparticles was functionalized with the IL-6 capture antibody to form the sensing interface...
February 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722447/fluorescence-sensing-of-circulating-diagnostic-biomarkers-using-molecular-probes-and-nanoparticles
#4
Oya Tagit, Niko Hildebrandt
The interplay of photonics, nanotechnology, and biochemistry has significantly improved the identification and characterization of multiple types of biomarkers by optical biosensors. Great achievements in fluorescence-based technologies have been realized, for example, by the advancement of multiplexing techniques or the introduction of nanoparticles to biochemical and clinical research. This review presents a concise overview of recent advances in fluorescence sensing techniques for the detection of circulating disease biomarkers...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722445/highlighting-cancer-cells-with-halochromic-switches
#5
Sicheng Tang, Yang Zhang, Ek Raj Thapaliya, Adrienne S Brown, James N Wilson, Françisco M Raymo
Halochromic coumarin-oxazine prefluorophores and targeting folate ligands can be connected covalently to the side chains of amphiphilic polymers. The resulting macromolecular constructs assemble into nanoparticles in aqueous environments. The prefluorophores do not produce any detectable fluorescence at neutral pH, but are converted into fluorophores with intense visible emission at acidic pH. Protonation opens the oxazine heterocycle to shift bathochromically the coumarin absorption and activate fluorescence with a brightness per nanoparticle approaching 5 × 10(5) M(-1) cm(-1)...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722126/investigating-the-effect-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-nanoparticles-carrying-hypericin-on-the-flow-biased-diffusive-motion-of-hela-cell-organelles
#6
Rozhin Penjweini, Sarah Deville, Omid Haji Maghsoudi, Kristof Notelaers, Anitha Ethirajan, Marcel Ameloot
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigate in human cervical epithelial HeLa cells the intracellular dynamics and the mutual interaction with the organelles of the poly-l-lactic acid nanoparticles (PLLA NPs) carrying the naturally occurring hydrophobic photosensitizer hypericin. METHODS: Temporal and spatiotemporal image correlation spectroscopy was used for the assessment of the intracellular diffusion and directed motion of the nanocarriers by tracking the hypericin fluorescence...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720774/a-novel-fluorescent-probe-based-flow-cytometric-assay-for-mineral-containing-nanoparticles-in-serum
#7
Edward R Smith, Tim D Hewitson, Michael M X Cai, Parisa Aghagolzadeh, Matthias Bachtler, Andreas Pasch, Stephen G Holt
Calciprotein particles, nanoscale aggregates of insoluble mineral and binding proteins, have emerged as potential mediators of phosphate toxicity in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Although existing immunochemical methods for their detection have provided compelling data, these approaches are indirect, lack specificity and are subject to a number of other technical and theoretical shortcomings. Here we have developed a rapid homogeneous fluorescent probe-based flow cytometric method for the detection and quantitation of individual mineral-containing nanoparticles in human and animal serum...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719145/preparation-of-carbon-dot-based-ratiometric-fluorescent-probes-for-cellular-imaging-from-curcuma-longa
#8
Zihnil Adha Islamy Mazrad, Eun Bi Kang, Insik In, Sung Young Park
This work derived biocompatible and stable probes based on fluorescent nanoparticles (FNPs) from a natural source, Curcuma longa. The multi-color fluorescence emissions from carbonized Curcuma longa (C-FNPs) obtained through defined dehydration conditions are soluble in water and have a small particle size (~17 nm). The surface passivation with polyethylene glycol (PEG) capped with amine groups in FNPs (P-FNPs) generated a probe with a higher quantum yield and longer fluorescence lifetime than obtained with C-FNPs...
July 18, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719098/a-pyridoindole-based-multifunctional-bioprobe-ph-induced-fluorescence-switching-and-specific-targeting-of-lipid-droplets
#9
Bahadur Sk, Pilendra Thakre, Raghuvir Singh Tomar, Abhijit Patra
A versatile fluorescent probe, PITE, based on alkyl substituted pyridoindole (PI) and tetraphenylethylene (TE) exhibiting facile pH-induced fluorescence switching in solution, nanoparticles and solid state is presented. Strong fluorescence in the solid state besides solution and aggregated state allow sensing of toxic acid vapor. Fluorescence "off-on" switching of PITE by exposing to trifluoracetic acid and triethylamine vapor is visualized through naked eyes. A unified picture of switchable fluorescence of PITE is obtained by comprehensive spectroscopic investigations coupled with quantum mechanical calculations...
July 18, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718626/gold-nanoparticle-loaded-split-dnazyme-probe-for-amplified-mirna-detection-in-living-cells
#10
Yanan Wu, Jin Huang, Xiaohai Yang, Yanjing Yang, Ke Quan, Nuli Xie, Jing Li, Changbei Ma, Kemin Wang
A new class of intracellular nanoprobe, termed AuNP loaded split-DNAzyme-probe, was developed to sense miRNA in living cells. Briefly, it consists of an AuNP and substrates hybridized with two half of split DNAzymes. In the absence of target miRNA, the split DNAzymes form an inactive DNAzyme motif with their substrate through partial paring at the end of each strand, and the fluorescence is quenched. Inside the cells, the target miRNA binds with both of the two half of split DNAzymes, forming the active secondary structure in the catalytic cores, which can cleave the substrates, resulting in the rupture of the substrate and recovery of the fluorescence...
July 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718293/functional-design-of-dielectric-metal-dielectric-based-thin-film-encapsulation-with-heat-transfer-and-flexibility-for-flexible-displays
#11
Jeong Hyun Kwon, Seungyeop Choi, Yongmin Jeon, Hyuncheol Kim, Ki Soo Chang, Kyung Cheol Choi
In this study, a new and efficient dielectric-metal-dielectric-based thin-film encapsulation (DMD-TFE) with an inserted Ag thin film is proposed to guarantee the reliability of flexible displays by improving the barrier properties, mechanical flexibility, and heat dissipation, considered as essential requirements for OLED encapsulation. The DMD-TFE, which is composed of Al2O3, Ag, and a silica nanoparticle-embedded sol-gel hybrid nanocomposite, shows a water vapor transmission rate of 8.70 × 10-6 g/m2/day and good mechanical reliability at a bending radius of 30 mm corresponding to 0...
July 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710494/near-infrared-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-based-on-star-shaped-gold-silver-nanoparticles-and-hyperbolic-metamaterial
#12
Chih-Hsien Lai, Guo-An Wang, Tsung-Kai Ling, Tzyy-Jiann Wang, Po-Kai Chiu, Yuan-Fong Chou Chau, Chih-Ching Huang, Hai-Pang Chiang
It is desirable to extend the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from the conventionally used visible range into the infrared region, because the fluorescence background is lower in the long-wavelength regime. To do this, it is important to have a SERS substrate suitable for infrared operation. In this work, we report the near infrared SERS operation based on the substrates employing star-shaped gold/silver nanoparticles and hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM) structure. We first fabricate the SERS substrate in which nanoparticles are separated from a silver film by a thin dielectric layer...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710483/near-infrared-induced-phase-shifted-icg-fe3o4-loaded-plga-nanoparticles-for-photothermal-tumor-ablation
#13
Chengcheng Niu, Yan Xu, Senbo An, Ming Zhang, Yihe Hu, Long Wang, Qinghai Peng
Near-infrared (NIR) laser-induced photothermal therapy (PTT) uses a photothermal agent to convert optical energy into thermal energy and has great potential as an effective local, minimally invasive treatment modality for killing cancer cells. To improve the efficacy of PTT, we developed poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulating superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4), indocyanine green (ICG), and perfluoropentane (PFP) as synergistic agents for NIR laser-induced PTT. We fabricated a novel type of phase-shifting fluorescent magnetic NPs, Fe3O4/ICG@PLGA/PFP NPs, that effectively produce heat in response to NIR laser irradiation for an enhanced thermal ablation effect and a phase-shift thermoelastic expansion effect, and thus, can be used as a photothermal agent...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709143/using-silicon-coated-gold-nanoparticles-to-enhance-the-fluorescence-of-cdte-quantum-dot-and-improve-the-sensing-ability-of-mercury-ii
#14
Jian Zhu, Hui Chang, Jian-Jun Li, Xin Li, Jun-Wu Zhao
The effect of silicon-coated gold nanoparticles with different gold core diameter and silica shell thickness on the fluorescence emission of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) was investigated. For gold nanoparticles with a diameter of 15nm, silica coating can only results in fluorescence recover of the bare gold nanoparticle-induced quenching of QDs. However, when the size of gold nanoparticle is increased to 60nm, fluorescence enhancement of the QDs could be obtained by silica coating. Because of the isolation of the silica shell-reduced quenching effect and local electric field effect, the fluorescence of QDs gets intense firstly and then decreases...
June 30, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709020/ruthenium-complexes-polypeptide-self-assembled-nanoparticles-for-identification-of-bacterial-infection-and-targeted-antibacterial-research
#15
Na Huang, Xu Chen, Xufeng Zhu, Mengmeng Xu, Jie Liu
Bacterial infection has been a threat to human health, and so early diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infection is an urgent problem that needs to be solved. In this work, a multifunctional theranostic selenium nanoplatform (Se@PEP-Ru NPs) with early imaging diagnosis and efficient treatment of bacterial infections was designed and constructed. First, the antibacterial peptide UBI29-41 (PEP) was linked to functionalized Selenium nanoparticles (NPs), which enhanced the stability of the antimicrobial peptide and also caused the nanocomposites to specifically target bacterial infection...
July 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707883/non-invasive-and-highly-selective-monitoring-of-intracellular-glucose-via-two-steps-recognition-based-nanokit
#16
Jianru Tang, Dandan Ma, Stevan Pecic, Caixia Huang, Jing Zheng, Jishan Li, Ronghua Yang
Accurate determination of intracellular glucose is very important for exploring its chemical and biological functions in metabolism events of living cells. In this paper, we developed a new non-invasive and highly selective nanokit for intracellular glucose monitoring via two steps recognition. The liposome-based nanokit coencapsulated the aptamer-functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and the Shinkai's receptor together. Upon the proposed nanokit was transfected into living cells, the Shinkai's receptor could recognize glucose firstly and then changed its conformation to endow aptamers with binding and sensing properties which are not readily accessible otherwise...
July 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705622/long-term-toxicological-effects-of-persistent-luminescence-nanoparticles-after-intravenous-injection-in-mice
#17
Gonzálo Ramírez-García, Silvia Gutiérrez-Granados, Marco A Gallegos-Corona, Lourdes Palma-Tirado, Fanny d'Orlyé, Anne Varenne, Nathalie Mignet, Cyrille Richard, Minerva Martínez-Alfaro
The ZnGa1.995Cr0.005O4 persistent luminescence nanoparticles offer the promise of revolutionary tools for biological imaging with applications such as cell tracking or tumor detection. They can be re-excited through living tissues by visible photons, allowing observations without any time constraints and avoiding the undesirable auto-fluorescence signals observed when fluorescent probes are used. Despite all these advantages, their uses demand extensive toxicological evaluation and control. With this purpose, mice were injected with a single intravenous administration of hydroxylated or PEGylated persistent luminescence nanoparticles at different concentrations and then a set of standard tests were carried out 1day, 1 month and 6 months after the administration...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704559/synthesis-cytotoxicity-and-antitumour-mechanism-investigations-of-polyoxometalate-doped-silica-nanospheres-on-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells
#18
Hongqian Cao, Chunyan Li, Wen Qi, Xiangjun Meng, Rui Tian, Yanfei Qi, Wei Yang, Juan Li
Polyoxometalates (POMs) have shown the potential anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-tumor activities. In order to improve their physiological stability and antitumour activity for medical application, K2Na[AsIIIMo6O21(O2CCH2NH3)3]·6H2O doped silica nanospheres (POM@SiO2) with diameters of ~40 nm have been synthesized by the water-in-oil microemulsion method in this study. The obtained spheres were morphologically uniform nanosized and nearly monodispersed in solution. The nanoparticles had high entrapment efficiency, which was upto 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704436/platinum-nanoparticles-induce-damage-to-dna-and-inhibit-dna-replication
#19
Lukas Nejdl, Jiri Kudr, Amitava Moulick, Dagmar Hegerova, Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky, Jaromir Gumulec, Kristyna Cihalova, Kristyna Smerkova, Simona Dostalova, Sona Krizkova, Marie Novotna, Pavel Kopel, Vojtech Adam
Sparsely tested group of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) may have a comparable effect as complex platinum compounds. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of PtNPs in in vitro amplification of DNA fragment of phage λ, on the bacterial cultures (Staphylococcus aureus), human foreskin fibroblasts and erythrocytes. In vitro synthesized PtNPs were characterized by dynamic light scattering (PtNPs size range 4.8-11.7 nm), zeta potential measurements (-15 mV at pH 7.4), X-ray fluorescence, UV/vis spectrophotometry and atomic absorption spectrometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703248/immunoassay-quantification-using-surface-enhanced-fluorescence-sef-tags
#20
S A Camacho, R G Sobral-Filho, P H B Aoki, C J L Constantino, A G Brolo
Fluorescence-based immonoassays are widely used in several areas, ranging from basic biomedical research to disease diagnostics. A variety of new probes have been developed recently to address some limitations in typical assays performed with organic dyes. Ideally, new fluorescence tags that allow quantification with a low limit of detection are highly desired. In this work, the surface-enhanced fluorescence (SEF) phenomenon was explored in the development of tags for Immunoglobulin-M (IgM) detection. Shell-isolated gold nanoparticles (Au-SHINs) with 100 nm core size and a 10 nm silica shell were synthesized...
July 13, 2017: Analyst
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