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Fluorescent nanoparticles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527828/buffer-formulation-affects-the-interaction-between-lysozyme-and-polymeric-nanoparticles
#1
Martin Lundqvist, Celia Cabaleiro-Lago
The effect of the buffer formulation in terms of buffer identity and ionic strength on the interaction between chicken egg lysozyme and carboxyl-modified polystyrene nanoparticles has been systematically studied. The time evolution of the fluorescence of a reporter molecule shows that lysozyme interacts with the nanoparticles in all the studied conditions. The interaction results in changes in protein conformation and decrease of the colloidal stability of nanoparticles. In absence of a background salt the rate of adsorption is affected mainly by the ionic strength of the buffer solution, although, specific buffer effects may contribute to a certain extent...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527736/the-effects-of-non-invasive-radiofrequency-electric-field-hyperthermia-on-biotransport-and-biodistribution-of-fluorescent-60-fullerene-derivative-in-a-murine-orthotopic-model-of-breast-adenocarcinoma
#2
Norman A Lapin, Martyna Krzykawska-Serda, Sean Dilliard, Yuri Mackeyev, Maciej Serda, Lon J Wilson, Steven A Curley, Stuart J Corr
The aim of this study is to understand the combined and differential biokinetic effects of radiofrequency (RF) electric-field hyperthermia as an adjunctive therapy to [60]fullerene nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems in targeting the micro-vasculature and micro-environments of breast cancer tumors. Intravital microscopy (IVM) is an ideal tool to provide the spatial and temporal resolution needed for quantification in this investigation. The water-soluble and fluorescent [60]fullerene derivative (C60-serPF) was designed to be an amphiphilic nanostructure, which is able to cross several biological membranes and accumulate in tumor tissues by passing through abnormally leaky tumor blood vessels...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524656/multifunctional-and-redox-responsive-self-assembled-magnetic-nanovectors-for-protein-delivery-and-dual-modal-imaging
#3
Hong Yu Yang, Moon-Sun Jang, Yi Li, Jung Hee Lee, Doo Sung Lee
Nanoparticle (NP)-based model carriers present an emerging strategy for protein delivery. However, constructing a multifunctional nanocarrier with high loading capacity, diagnostic imaging capacity and controlled release capability is a tremendous challenge for protein delivery systems. Thus, we herein report on the fabrication of redox-responsive magnetic nanovectors (termed RMNs) through self- assembly of Fe3O4 NPs and redox-responsive polymer ligands, which could effectively transport protein and trigger intracellular protein release...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522841/near-infrared-heptamethine-cyanine-based-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-tumor-targeted-multimodal-imaging-and-photothermal-therapy
#4
Sejy Lee, Reju George Thomas, Myeong Ju Moon, Hyeong Ju Park, In-Kyu Park, Byeong-Il Lee, Yong Yeon Jeong
Near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging modality holds great promise for tumor detection and offers several advantages of bioimaging, such as high tissue penetration with less background scattering. The disadvantage of NIRF bioimaging is that it has very low spatial resolution. Thus, the combination of NIRF with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a good option because MRI can provide anatomical information with a higher resolution. Heptamethine cyanine dye (MHI-148) has been reported to have tumor-targeting capability which was used here as the NIRF agent...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521643/a-magnetic-nanoparticle-labeled-immunoassay-with-europium-and-samarium-for-simultaneous-quantification-of-serum-pepsinogen-i-and-ii
#5
J Fan, H Xiao, J Zhang, B Zhou, L Deng, Y Zhang, B Huang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel immunoassay for the simultaneous determination of serum pepsinogen I (PG I) and pepsinogen II (PG II) by combining established methods of time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) and magnetic nanoparticles separation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This new immunoassay method was characterised by immobilising primary antibodies on the surface of magnetic particles and labelled with stable fluorescent chelates of europium and samarium. RESULTS: Using magnetic nanoparticles, the TRFIA immunoassay exhibited broad dynamic assay ranges for PG I with detection limit of 0...
May 19, 2017: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520529/synthesis-of-theranostic-epithelial-cell-adhesion-molecule-targeted-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticle-with-gold-gatekeeper-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Maryam Babaei, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Sara Amel Farzad, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mohammad Ramezani, Mona Alibolandi
AIM: In this study, we report the fabrication of epithelial cell adhesion molecule targeted 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) encapsulated PEGylated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (NPs) hybridized with gold NPs (PEG-Au@Si-5-FU) as gatekeeper for theranostic applications. MATERIALS & METHODS: The prepared targeted and nontargeted formulations were evaluated in vitro in terms of their cellular internalization and toxicity. The prepared theranostic hybrid system was also implemented for computed tomography of HepG2 tumor-bearing nude mice in vivo...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520507/gold-nanoparticles-enhance-the-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells-into-dopaminergic-neurons-via-mtor-p70s6k-pathway
#7
Min Wei, Song Li, Zhaofei Yang, Wei Zheng, Weidong Le
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into dopaminergic (DA) neurons and explore the possible underlying molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS & METHODS: The efficiency of AuNPs on DA neuron differentiation was evaluated by observing fluorescence in TH promoter-engineered GFP-reporter ESCs, western blot and real-time PCR. The possible signal pathway was determined by western blot...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516765/peptide-microarray-based-metal-enhanced-fluorescence-assay-for-multiple-profiling-matrix-metalloproteinases-activities
#8
Zhen Lei, Hua Zhang, Yaoqi Wang, Xianying Meng, Zhenxin Wang
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are closely associated with cancer cell invasion and metastasis. Herein, a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-peptide microarray-based metal enhanced fluorescence (MEF) assay is proposed for multiple and sensitive profiling MMPs activities on a novel Au/Ag@SiO2 substrate. The Au/Ag@SiO2 substrate is prepared by electroless deposition of silver on gold nanoparticle (GNP) seeds, followed by SiO2 shell coating and surface functionalization. The specific FRET peptides are spotted on the Au/Ag@SiO2 substrate to sensitively detect MMPs (MMP-2, 3, 7, 9, 14) via fluorescence recovery by the MMP cleavage of quenched peptide motifs, and further enhanced by MEF...
May 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515441/fluorescence-dynamics-of-the-biosynthesized-cdse-quantum-dots-in-candida-utilis
#9
Li-Jiao Tian, Nan-Qing Zhou, Xian-Wei Liu, Xing Zhang, Ting-Ting Zhu, Ling-Li Li, Wen-Wei Li, Han-Qing Yu
Organisms served as factories of bio-assembly of nanoparticles attracted a lot of attentions due to the safe, economic and environmental-benignity traits, especially the fabrication of the super fluorescence properties quantum dots (QDs). However, information about the developmental dynamics of QDs in living organisms is still lacking. In this work, we synthesized cadmium-selenium (CdSe) QDs in Candida utilis WSH02-08, and then tracked and quantitatively characterized the developmental dynamics (photoactivation, photostable and photobleaching processes) of bio-QDs by translating fluorescence microscopy movies into visual quantitative curve...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513982/plasmon-enhanced-fluorescence-based-on-porphyrin-peptoid-hybridized-gold-nanoparticle-platform
#10
Younghye Kim, Boyeong Kang, Hyo-Yong Ahn, Jiwon Seo, Ki Tae Nam
A porphyrin-peptoid-hybridized silica-coated gold nanoparticle is developed, which is inspired by the protein-chlorophyll ensemble found in photosynthetic antenna. In the natural antenna, chlorophylls are integrated into dense assemblies that are supported by frameworks of proteins, which ensure optimal pigment arrangement for effective light harvesting. In the subject platform, porphyrins are conjugated to the peptoid helix scaffold in a structurally well-defined alignments and subsequently immobilized on the surface of nanoparticles...
May 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513723/amphiphilic-coatings-for-the-protection-of-upconverting-nanoparticles-against-dissolution-in-aqueous-media
#11
Olivija Plohl, Slavko Kralj, Boris Majaron, Eleonore Fröhlich, Maja Ponikvar-Svet, Darko Makovec, Darja Lisjak
Upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs) of β-NaYF4, co-doped with Yb(3+) and Tm(3+) and 21-36 nm large, were synthesized using a modified thermal decomposition method. The as-synthesized UCNPs were coated with oleic acid and dispersed in nonpolar media. Their morphology, size and crystal structure were analysed with transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The UCNPs showed a fluorescence emission spectrum characteristic of Tm(3+). Their dissolution in water (pH ∼ 4-5) and phosphate buffered saline (PBS, pH = 7...
May 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513331/tracking-cell-proliferation-using-a-nanotechnology-based-approach
#12
Patricia Altea-Manzano, Juan Diego Unciti-Broceta, Victoria Cano-Cortes, María Paz Ruiz-Blas, Teresa Valero-Griñan, Juan Jose Diaz-Mochon, Rosario Sanchez-Martin
AIM: To develop an efficient nanotechnology fluorescence-based method to track cell proliferation to avoid the limitations of current cell-labeling dyes. MATERIAL & METHODS: Synthesis, PEGylation, bifunctionalization and labeling with a fluorophore (Cy5) of 200 nm polystyrene nanoparticles (NPs) were performed. These NPs were characterized and assessed for in vitro long-term monitoring of cell proliferation. RESULTS: The optimization and validation of this method to track long-term cell proliferation assays have been achieved with high reproducibility, without cell cycle disruption...
May 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511874/photothermal-and-photodynamic-activity-of-polymeric-nanoparticles-based-on-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-succinate-raft-block-copolymers-conjugated-to-ir-780
#13
Raquel Palao-Suay, Francisco M Martin-Saavedra, María Rosa Aguilar, Clara Escudero Duch, Sergio Martín-Saldaña, Francisco J Parra-Ruiz, Nathan A Rohner, Susan N Thomas, Nuria Vilaboa, Julio San Román
The aim of this work was the generation of a multifunctional nanopolymeric system that incorporates IR-780 dye, a near-infrared (NIR) imaging probe that exhibits photothermal and photodynamic properties; and a derivate of α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), a mitochondria-targeted anticancer compound. IR-780 was conjugated to the hydrophilic segment of copolymer PEG-b-polyMTOS, based on poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and a methacrylic derivative of α-tocopheryl succinate (MTOS), to generate IR-NP, self-assembled nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous media which exhibit a hydrophilic shell and a hydrophobic core...
May 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511059/development-and-validation-of-a-rapid-reversed-phase-hplc-method-for-the-quantification-of-monoclonal-antibody-bevacizumab-from-polyester-based-nanoparticles
#14
Flávia Sousa, Virgínia M F Gonçalves, Bruno Sarmento
Bevacizumab is a powerful human monoclonal antibody approved worldwide for treatment of several types of cancer and ocular diseases due to its potential as antiangiogenic drug. Nowadays, in order to improve the monoclonal antibody-based therapy, attempts have been focused in the formulation of these biomacromolecules into nanoparticles. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop and validate a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection method for the determination of bevacizumab from nanoparticulate systems, according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508857/controlling-photophysical-properties-of-ultrasmall-conjugated-polymer-nanoparticles-through-polymer-chain-packing
#15
Hubert Piwoński, Tsuyoshi Michinobu, Satoshi Habuchi
Applications of conjugated polymer nanoparticles (Pdots) for imaging and sensing depend on their size, fluorescence brightness and intraparticle energy transfer. The molecular design of conjugated polymers (CPs) has been the main focus of the development of Pdots. Here we demonstrate that proper control of the physical interactions between the chains is as critical as the molecular design. The unique design of twisted CPs and fine-tuning of the reprecipitation conditions allow us to fabricate ultrasmall (3...
May 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507436/design-of-polyaspartic-acid-peptide-poly-ethylene-glycol-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-nanoparticles-as-a-carrier-of-hydrophobic-drugs-targeting-cancer-metastasized-to-bone
#16
Jinsong Liu, Youyun Zeng, Shuai Shi, Lihua Xu, Hualin Zhang, Janak L Pathak, Yihuai Pan
Treatment of cancer metastasized to bone is still a challenge due to hydrophobicity, instability, and lack of target specificity of anticancer drugs. Poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (ε-caprolactone) polymer (PEG-PCL) is an effective, biodegradable, and biocompatible hydrophobic drug carrier, but lacks bone specificity. Polyaspartic acid with eight peptide sequences, that is, (Asp)8, has a strong affinity to bone surface. The aim of this study was to synthesize (Asp)8-PEG-PCL nanoparticles as a bone-specific carrier of hydrophobic drugs to treat cancer metastasized to bone...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506803/peg-coated-and-doxorubicin-loaded-multimodal-gadolinium-oxide-nanoparticles-for-simultaneous-drug-delivery-and-imaging-applications
#17
Shailja Kumar, Virendra Kumar Meena, Puja Panwar Hazari, Rakesh Kumar Sharma
We report water-in-oil microemulsion mediated synthesis of polyethylene glycol (PEG(1)) coated Gd2O3 nanoparticles (NPs(2)) loaded with fluorescent anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (dox(3)) for synchronous drug delivery, optical and magnetic resonance (MR(4)) imaging applications. These PEG covered Gd2O3 NPs loaded with dox (Gd-PEG-dox NPs) were found to possess spherical morphology with 13nm size as measured from TEM and the hydrodynamic diameter comes out to be 37nm as determined from DLS. Fluorescence spectra and fluorescence microscopy images confirmed optical activity of the NPs...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506802/stealth-magnetic-nanocarriers-of-sirna-as-platform-for-breast-cancer-theranostics
#18
J Bruniaux, S Ben Djemaa, K Hervé-Aubert, H Marchais, I Chourpa, S David
The endogenous mechanism of RNA interference is more and more used in research to obtain specific down-regulation of gene expression in diseases such as breast cancer. Currently, despite the new fields of study open up by RNA interference, the rapid degradation of siRNA by nucleases and their negative charges prevent them from crossing cell membranes. To overcome these limitations, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) represent a promising alternative for nucleic acid delivery. Previously, we reported the magnetic siRNA nanovectors (MSN) formulation using electrostatic assembly of (1) SPIONs, also able to act as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), (2) siRNA and (3) chitosan aiming at their protection and enhancing their transfection efficacy...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505459/inhibition-of-hsa-fibrillation-by-two-dimensional-nanoparticles
#19
Sudipta Bag, Rishav Mitra, Sunando DasGupta, Swagata Dasgupta
The formation and deposition of amyloid fibrils have been linked to the pathogenesis of numerous debilitating neurodegenerative disorders. Serum albumins serve as good model proteins for understanding the molecular mechanisms of protein aggregation and fibril formation. Graphene based nanotherapeutics appear to be promising candidates for designing inhibitors of protein fibrillation. The inhibitory effect of graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles on the fibrillation of human serum albumin (HSA) in an in vitro mixed solvent system has been investigated...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505457/molecular-and-biocompatibility-characterization-of-red-blood-cell-membrane-targeted-and-cell-penetrating-peptide-modified-polymeric-nanoparticles
#20
Kaustuv Sahoo, Sriharsha Karumuri, Rangika S Hikkaduwa Koralege, Nicholas H Flynn, Steve Hartson, Jing Liu, Joshua D Ramsey, Kaan Kalkan, Carey Pope, Ashish Ranjan
Red blood cells (RBCs) express a variety of immunomodulatory markers that enable the body to recognize them as self. We have shown that RBC membrane glycophorin A (GPA) receptor can mediate membrane attachment of protein therapeutics. A critical knowledge gap is whether attaching drug encapsulated nanoparticles (NPs) to GPA, and modification with cell penetration peptide (CPP) will impact binding, oxygenation and induce cellular stress. The objective of this study was to formulate copolymer-based NPs containing model fluorescent tagged bovine serum albumin (BSA) with GPA-specific targeting ligands such as ERY1 (ENPs), single chain variable antibody (scFv TER-119, SNPs), and low molecular weight protamine based CPP (LNPs) and determine their biocompatibility using a variety of complementary high-throughput in vitro assays...
May 15, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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