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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454263/homeless-youth-barriers-and-facilitators-for-service-referrals
#1
Emma B Black, Izabela E Fedyszyn, Helen Mildred, Rhianna Perkin, Richard Lough, Peter Brann, Cheryl Ritter
Young people who are homeless and experiencing mental health issues are reluctant to use relevant services for numerous reasons. Youth are also at risk of disengaging from services at times of referral to additional or alternative services. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators for inter-service referrals for homeless youth with mental health issues who have already engaged with a service. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with homeless youth (n = 10), homelessness support workers (n = 10), and mental health clinicians (n = 10)...
February 10, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454186/use-of-pasteurised-human-donor-milk-across-neonatal-networks-in-england
#2
C Battersby, R Marciano Alves Mousinho, N Longford, N Modi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of pasteurised human donor milk (pHDM) in England and the influence of a human milk bank in the network. DESIGN: Prospective observational study SETTING: All 163 neonatal units (23 networks) in England 2012-2013. PATIENTS: Preterm infants born at <32 weeks gestational age (GA). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of infants and care-days fed pHDM during the first 30 postnatal days by network METHODS: We extracted daily patient-level data from the National Neonatal Research Database (NNRD)...
February 14, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453889/mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-axon-degeneration-in-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#3
REVIEW
Graham Campbell, Don Mahad
The neuron is the target of inflammatory demyelinating processes in multiple sclerosis (MS). In progressive MS, however, there is a gathering body of evidence indicating that molecular changes converge on mitochondria within neuronal cell bodies. The most reproducible change relates to mitochondrial respiratory chain complex deficiency, which compromises the capacity of neurons to generate ATP. The resulting energy failure state is coupled with an increase in demand for energy by the demyelinated axon, being particularly relevant to the long tracts such as corticospinal tracts with long projection axons...
February 17, 2018: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453789/psychotic-experiences-and-religiosity-data-from-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#4
V Kovess-Masfety, S Saha, C C W Lim, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, G Borges, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, K Demyttenaere, S Florescu, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, N Kawakami, S Lee, J P Lepine, F Navarro-Mateu, J C Stagnaro, M Ten Have, M C Viana, R C Kessler, J J McGrath
OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample. METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments...
February 16, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453595/cardio-oncology-conflicting-priorities-of-anticancer-treatment-and-cardiovascular-outcome
#5
REVIEW
Lisa M Tilemann, Markus B Heckmann, Hugo A Katus, Lorenz H Lehmann, Oliver J Müller
BACKGROUND: This article about the emerging field of cardio-oncology highlights typical side effects of oncological therapies in the cardiovascular system, cardiovascular complications of malignancies itself, and potential preventive or therapeutic modalities. METHODS: We performed a selective literature search in PubMed until September 2016. RESULTS: Cardiovascular events in cancer patients can be frequently attributed to oncological therapies or to the underlying malignancy itself...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#6
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453408/biosignals-reflect-pair-dynamics-in-collaborative-work-eda-and-ecg-study-of-pair-programming-in-a-classroom-environment
#7
Lauri Ahonen, Benjamin Ultan Cowley, Arto Hellas, Kai Puolamäki
Collaboration is a complex phenomenon, where intersubjective dynamics can greatly affect the productive outcome. Evaluation of collaboration is thus of great interest, and can potentially help achieve better outcomes and performance. However, quantitative measurement of collaboration is difficult, because much of the interaction occurs in the intersubjective space between collaborators. Manual observation and/or self-reports are subjective, laborious, and have a poor temporal resolution. The problem is compounded in natural settings where task-activity and response-compliance cannot be controlled...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453350/navigating-the-unfolding-open-data-landscape-in-ecology-and-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Antica Culina, Miriam Baglioni, Tom W Crowther, Marcel E Visser, Saskia Woutersen-Windhouwer, Paolo Manghi
Open access to data is revolutionizing the sciences. To allow ecologists and evolutionary biologists to confidently find and use the existing data, we provide an overview of the landscape of online data infrastructures, and highlight the key points to consider when using open data. We introduce an online collaborative platform to keep a community-driven, updated list of the best sources that enable search for data in one interface. In doing so, our aim is to lower the barrier to accessing open data, and encourage its use by researchers hoping to increase the scope, reliability and value of their findings...
March 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453272/building-the-child-safety-collaborative-innovation-and-improvement-network-how-does-it-work-and-what-is-it-achieving
#9
Jennifer B Leonardo, Rebecca S Spicer, Maria Katradis, Jennifer Allison, Rebekah Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds. SAMPLE: Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from March 2016 through April 2017. A quality improvement framework was used to test, implement and spread evidence-based change ideas (strategies and programs) in child passenger safety, falls prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, suicide and self-harm prevention and teen driver safety...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453107/body-fluid-identification-using-a-targeted-mrna-massively-parallel-sequencing-approach-results-of-a-euroforgen-ednap-collaborative-exercise
#10
S Ingold, G Dørum, E Hanson, A Berti, W Branicki, P Brito, P Elsmore, K B Gettings, F Giangasparo, T E Gross, S Hansen, E N Hanssen, M-L Kampmann, M Kayser, F-X Laurent, N Morling, A Mosquera-Miguel, W Parson, C Phillips, M J Porto, E Pośpiech, A D Roeder, P M Schneider, K Schulze Johann, C R Steffen, D Syndercombe-Court, M Trautmann, M van den Berge, K J van der Gaag, J Vannier, V Verdoliva, A Vidaki, C Xavier, J Ballantyne, C Haas
In a previous study we presented an assay for targeted mRNA sequencing for the identification of human body fluids, optimised for the Illumina MiSeq/FGx MPS platform. This assay, together with an additional in-house designed assay for the Ion Torrent PGM/S5 platform, was the basis for a collaborative exercise within 17 EUROFORGEN and EDNAP laboratories, in order to test the efficacy of targeted mRNA sequencing to identify body fluids. The task was to analyse the supplied dried body fluid stains and, optionally, participants' own bona fide or mock casework samples of human origin, according to specified protocols...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453023/implications-of-altered-maternal-cytokine-concentrations-on-infant-outcomes-in-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#11
K D Sowell, J Y Uriu-Adams, J Van de Water, C D Chambers, C D Coles, J A Kable, L Yevtushok, N Zymak-Zakutnya, W Wertelecki, C L Keen
Excessive alcohol consumption has been shown to increase serum plasma levels of numerous immune cytokines. Maternal immune activation and elevated cytokines have been implicated in certain neurological disorders (e.g., autism and schizophrenia) in the offspring. We investigated the hypothesis that elevated cytokines during pregnancy are a risk factor in women who gave birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) or a child with neurobehavioral impairment, regardless of prenatal alcohol exposure...
August 12, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453014/predictors-of-illegal-dumping-at-charitable-collection-points
#12
Breanna Wright, Liam Smith, Fraser Tull
Cleaning and disposal of illegal dumping at charitable collection points costs charities and diverts funds from their charitable programs. However, there is no published literature that attempts to better understand this problem. The current study assesses site-specific characteristics, community level indicators and sociodemographic factors as predictors of both charity stores and collection bin dumping in the metropolitan area of Perth, Australia. Multiple regression analyses revealed that higher levels of dumping at stores were predicted by being open on Sundays, the presence of gates/fencing, bringing bins in at night, greater 5-year mobility and lower levels of education and occupation in the area...
February 13, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452941/surgical-site-infection-after-gastrointestinal-surgery-in-high-income-middle-income-and-low-income-countries-a-prospective-international-multicentre-cohort-study
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common infections associated with health care, but its importance as a global health priority is not fully understood. We quantified the burden of SSI after gastrointestinal surgery in countries in all parts of the world. METHODS: This international, prospective, multicentre cohort study included consecutive patients undergoing elective or emergency gastrointestinal resection within 2-week time periods at any health-care facility in any country...
February 13, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452936/use-of-telemedicine-in-the-management-of-infectious-diseases
#14
G Gras
Communication technologies have invaded our daily lives. Several studies have assessed these technologies in the management of infectious diseases (mainly HIV). Weekly short text messages and real-time compliance monitoring assessed in HIV patients are both associated with higher compliance in low-income countries. Virtual consultations to monitor stable chronic HIV patients or tuberculosis treatment in high-income countries appear to be acceptable and efficient. Although assessed in small studies, virtual monitoring seems to reinforce the doctor-patient relationship and the relation between primary care settings and hospitals in various infectious diseases (endocarditis, urinary tract infection, skin and soft tissue infection, HIV, tuberculosis, hepatitis C)...
February 13, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452887/protein-intake-and-long-term-change-in-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#15
Rakesh Malhotra, Loren Lipworth, Kerri L Cavanaugh, Bessie A Young, Katherine L Tucker, Teresa C Carithers, Herman A Taylor, Adolfo Correa, Edmond K Kabagambe, T Alp Ikizler
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein intake could have deleterious renal effects in populations at risk for chronic kidney disease. Here, we examined whether higher protein intake (≥80th percentile of energy from protein) is associated with decline in kidney function and whether this decline varies by diabetes status. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Participants were African-Americans (n = 5,301), who enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study between 2000 and 2004...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452864/managing-motion-in-conventionally-fractionated-lung-cancer-radiation-therapy-collaborative-quality-improvement-from-a-statewide-consortium-of-academic-and-community-practices
#16
Martha M Matuszak, Peter Paximadis, Mark Yudelev, Margaret Grubb, Melissa L Wilson, Correen Fraser, Praveen Dalmia, Ahmad Alkhatib, David E Sieffert, Joe R Haywood, Daniel Tatro, Jan Parker, Omer Ettaher, Inga Grills, Larry Kestin, Eleanor M Walker, Courtney Friedle, Harold Kim, Jeffrey D Radawski, Thomas Boike, Jean M Moran, Lori J Pierce, James A Hayman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452860/pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-the-surgical-management-of-primary-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#17
William W Tseng, Denice D Tsao-Wei, Dario Callegaro, Giovanni Grignani, Lorenzo D'Ambrosio, Sylvie Bonvalot, Cecilia G Ethun, Kenneth Cardona, John T Mullen, Robert J Canter, John E Mullinax, Ricardo J Gonzalez, Frits van Coevorden, Markus Albertsmeier, Kiran K Dhanireddy, Salvatore L Renne, Alessandro Gronchi
BACKGROUND: In retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS), the optimal extent of resection must balance adequate disease control with potential for morbidity. We sought to study the frequency and outcomes after a Whipple procedure or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients undergoing resection for primary RPS. METHODS: Participating referral centers within the Trans-Atlantic Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group provided retrospective data from January 2007 to December 2016 for patients with primary RPS who underwent PD along with the total number of consecutive resections done during the same time period...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452805/perioperative-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-consensus-clinical-guidelines-on-indications-organization-conduct-and-physiological-interpretation
#18
D Z H Levett, S Jack, M Swart, J Carlisle, J Wilson, C Snowden, M Riley, G Danjoux, S A Ward, P Older, M P W Grocott
The use of perioperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate the risk of adverse perioperative events and inform the perioperative management of patients undergoing surgery has increased over the last decade. CPET provides an objective assessment of exercise capacity preoperatively and identifies the causes of exercise limitation. This information may be used to assist clinicians and patients in decisions about the most appropriate surgical and non-surgical management during the perioperative period...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452801/systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-intensive-care-unit-noise-on-sleep-of-healthy-subjects-and-the-critically-ill
#19
REVIEW
S Horsten, L Reinke, A R Absalom, J E Tulleken
Intensive-care-unit (ICU) patients exhibit disturbed sleeping patterns, often attributed to environmental noise, although the relative contribution of noise compared to other potentially disrupting factors is often debated. We therefore systematically reviewed studies of the effects of ICU noise on the quality of sleep to determine to what extent noise explains the observed sleep disruption, using the Cochrane Collaboration method for non-randomized studies. Searches in Scopus, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were conducted until May 2017...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452704/substance-use-disorder-among-current-cancer-patients-rates-and-correlates-nationally-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#20
Pochu Ho, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are known to cause or complicate treatment of many types of cancers. OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically assess rates of current SUDs among patients currently in treatment for cancer. METHODS: The National Veteran Health Administration administrative data from fiscal year 2012 were used to compare veterans with both cancer and comorbid SUDs to veterans with cancer but no SUDs and those with a SUD but no cancer...
January 10, 2018: Psychosomatics
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