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Ultrasound in medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268119/effects-of-student-performed-point-of-care-ultrasound-on-physician-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Daniel S Udrea, Andrew Sumnicht, Deanna Lo, Logan Villarreal, Stephanie Gondra, Richard Chyan, Audra Wisham, Vi Am Dinh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing integration of ultrasound training into medical education, there is an inadequate body of research demonstrating the benefits and practicality of medical student-performed point-of-care ultrasound (SP-POCUS) in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects that SP-POCUS can have on physician diagnosis and management of patients in the emergency department, with a secondary purpose of evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of SP-POCUS...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#2
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248960/human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-morocco-ultrasound-screening-in-the-mid-atlas-through-an-italian-moroccan-partnership
#3
Houda Chebli, Abderrhamane Laamrani El Idrissi, Mustapha Benazzouz, Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Haddou Nhammi, Mourad Elabandouni, Mohammed Youbi, Rajaa Afifi, Sara Tahiri, Abdellah Essayd El Feydi, Adbellatif Settaf, Carmine Tinelli, Annalisa De Silvestri, Souad Bouhout, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Simone Magnino, Enrico Brunetti, Carlo Filice, Francesca Tamarozzi
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected parasitic zoonosis with considerable socioeconomic impact on affected pastoral communities. CE is endemic throughout the Mediterranean, including Morocco, where the Mid Atlas is the most prevalent area for both human and animal infection. The highest hospital annual incidence of human CE is recorded in the provinces of Ifrane and El Hajeb. However, hospital-based statistics likely underestimate the real prevalence of infection, as a proportion of cases never reach medical attention or official records...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248690/responsiveness-of-myofascial-trigger-points-to-single-and-multiple-trigger-point-release-massages-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Albert F Moraska, Sarah J Schmiege, John D Mann, Nathan Butryn, Jason P Krutsch
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of single and multiple massage treatments on pressure-pain threshold (PPT) at myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in people with myofascial pain syndrome expressed as tension-type headache. DESIGN: Individuals (n = 62) with episodic or chronic tension-type headache were randomized to receive 12 twice-weekly 45-min massage or sham ultrasound sessions or wait-list control. Massage focused on trigger point release (ischemic compression) of MTrPs in the bilateral upper trapezius and suboccipital muscles...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247975/integrating-ultrasound-into-modern-medical-curricula
#5
REVIEW
Shilpan G Patel, Brion Benninger, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is widely practiced in many disciplines. It is becoming increasingly important to design well-structured curricula to introduce imaging to students during medical school. This review aims to analyze the literature for evidence of how ultrasonography has been incorporated into anatomy education in medical school curricula worldwide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using multiple databases with the keywords: "Ultrasound OR Ultrasonographic examination*" AND "Medical student* OR Undergraduate teaching* OR Medical education*" AND "Anatomy* OR Living anatomy* OR Real-time anatomy*"...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238704/effectiveness-of-a-perioperative-transthoracic-ultrasound-training-program-for-students-and-residents
#6
Juliet June Ray, Jonathan P Meizoso, Valerie Hart, Davis Horkan, Vicente Behrens, Krishnamurti A Rao, Charles A Karcutskie, Joshua Lenchus, Carl I Schulman, Roman Dudaryk
OBJECTIVE: Focused ultrasound (US) is being incorporated across all levels of medical education. Although many comprehensive US courses exist, their scope is broad, requiring expert instructors, access to simulation, and extensive time commitment by the learner. We aim to compare learning across levels of training and specialties using a goal-directed, web-based course without live skills training. DESIGN: A prospective observational study of students and residents from medicine, surgery, and anesthesiology...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219015/the-expectations-of-antenatal-screening-and-experiences-of-the-first-trimester-screening-scan
#7
Maarit Nykänen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Reija Klemetti
AIM: to describe the expectations to and knowledge of antenatal screening of expecting parents, and their experiences concerning the first-trimester screening scan. DESIGN: survey study with a consecutive sampling method. SETTING: two hospital districts in Finland, namely the capital area and Eastern Finland. Together these two districts include the six different municipal units in which the first-trimester screening scans discussed in the study were done during spring 2015...
February 15, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211003/an-easy-to-build-low-budget-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-from-linux-to-a-web-based-solution
#8
Domagoj Damjanovic, Ulrich Goebel, Benedikt Fischer, Martin Huth, Hartmut Breger, Hartmut Buerkle, Axel Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Hands-on training in point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) should ideally comprise bedside teaching, as well as simulated clinical scenarios. High-fidelity phantoms and portable ultrasound simulation systems are commercially available, however, at considerable costs. This limits their suitability for medical schools. A Linux-based software for Emergency Department Ultrasound Simulation (edus2TM) was developed by Kulyk and Olszynski in 2011. Its feasibility for POC-US education has been well-documented, and shows good acceptance...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206672/assessment-of-a-novel-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-s-effect-on-competency-measures-in-family-medicine-graduate-medical-education
#9
Paul Bornemann
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound has been shown to decrease the use of expensive diagnostic studies and improve quality outcome measures. Currently, there is a large desire for training in family medicine residencies, but very few programs have established curricula. We sought to develop a family medicine residency curriculum and evaluate it with tools we developed. We wanted our curriculum to be easy to adopt by other residency programs, even if they did not have many well-trained ultrasound faculty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205411/perceptions-of-doppler-ultrasound-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-activity-assessment-and-education
#10
Fredrick Joshua, Christine Bailey, Mona Marabani, Evange Romas, Raymond White, Peter Wong
AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to report the findings of the Defining rheumatoid arthritis progression using Doppler Ultrasound in Clinical practice (DEDUCE) Medical Practice Activity, which was developed to facilitate the utilization of Doppler ultrasound (DUS) by Australian rheumatologists in the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD: Twenty-one rheumatologists recruited a total of 80 patients with RA in Disease Activity Score of 28 joints (DAS28) remission for DUS assessment and completed a pre- and post-activity questionnaire assessing their experience with DUS, as well as a 6-month follow-up questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166576/the-effects-of-abortion-training-on-family-medicine-residents-clinical-experience
#11
Aleza K Summit, Marji Gold
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: RHEDI, Reproductive Health Education in Family Medicine, offers technical assistance and funding to family medicine residency programs to support integrated opt-out abortion and reproductive health training for residents. This study assessed the impact of this enhanced training on residents' reproductive health experience. METHODS: Investigator-developed pre- and post-surveys were administered online to 214 residents at 12 family medicine residency programs before and after their RHEDI training experience...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166189/evaluation-of-three-dimensional-printed-materials-for-simulation-by-computed-tomography-and-ultrasound-imaging
#12
James J Mooney, Nabeel Sarwani, Melissa L Coleman, Joseph S Fotos
INTRODUCTION: The use of three-dimensional (3D) printing allows for creation of custom models for clinical care, education, and simulation. Medical imaging, given the significant role it plays in both clinical diagnostics and procedures, remains an important area for such education and simulation. Unfortunately, the materials appropriate for use in simulation involving radiographic or ultrasound imaging remains poorly understood. Therefore, our study was intended to explore the characteristics of readily available 3D printing materials when visualized by computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound...
February 4, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165578/a-randomized-study-of-training-with-large-versus-small-vessel-size-on-successful-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-venous-access
#13
Joshua Davis, Timothy Faust, Azeem Tajani, Amanda Bates, Jenna Jarriel, Arthur Au, Jason Matthew Fields
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate whether training on phantoms with smaller or larger vessels would improve success rate in novice medical students learning this skill. METHODS: Medical students who participated in a voluntary, extracurricular ultrasound training day were asked to participate in the study as part of their procedural training. They were given a standardized education and demonstration of how to use ultrasound to place a peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164354/longitudinal-ultrasound-education-track-curriculum-implemented-within-an-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#14
Creagh Boulger, Daniel Z Adams, Daralee Hughes, David P Bahner, Andrew King
Emergency Medicine residency programs offer ultrasound-focused curricula to address Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones. Although some programs offer advanced clinical tracks in ultrasound, no standard curriculum exists. We sought to establish a well-defined ultrasound track curriculum to allow interested residents to develop advanced clinical skills and scholarship within this academic niche. The curriculum involves a greater number of clinical scans, ultrasound-focused scholarly and quality improvement projects, enhanced faculty-driven ultrasound focused didactics, and participation at a national ultrasound conference to receive certification...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160231/perceived-financial-satisfaction-health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-in-early-pregnancy
#15
Niina Sahrakorpi, Saila B Koivusalo, Johan G Eriksson, Hannu Kautiainen, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Risto P Roine
Objectives To assess the associations of perceived financial satisfaction and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depressive symptoms in an unselected pregnant population in early pregnancy. Methods 750 consecutive pregnant women attending the first communal ultrasound examination before gestational week 14 were invited to participate. Questionnaires assessing HRQoL (15D), depressive symptoms (Edinburgh Depression Scale, EPDS), medical, obstetric, and socioeconomic status were handed out. The participants were divided into three groups according to their satisfaction with their financial status, (unsatisfied, somewhat satisfied, and satisfied)...
February 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159025/iodine-status-and-thyroid-nodules-in-females-a-comparison-of-cyprus-and-romania
#16
S Gaengler, X D Andrianou, A Piciu, P Charisiadis, C Zira, K Aristidou, D Piciu, K C Makris
OBJECTIVES: The increased comparative prevalence rates of thyroid cancer in Cyprus (>EU average) led us to conduct this study on possible risk factors of thyroid nodules. Romania served as a reference with a comparative thyroid cancer prevalence < EU average. This study aimed to assess the association between urinary iodine (UI) and thyroid nodules in adult females (n = 208) from Cyprus and Romania. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study (n = 208). METHODS: Cases were females with ultrasound-confirmed thyroid nodules and controls with confirmed absence of nodules...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150328/use-of-emergency-ultrasound-in-arizona-community-emergency-departments
#17
Richard Amini, Michael T Wyman, Nicholas C Hernandez, John A Guisto, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: Despite the increased educational exposure to point-of-care ultrasound (US) at all levels of medical training, there are utilization gaps between academic and nonacademic emergency department (ED) settings. The purpose of this study was to assess the current practices and potential barriers to the use of point-of-care US in nonacademic EDs throughout the state of Arizona. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study. An online questionnaire was electronically sent to all nonacademic EDs in Arizona...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118684/ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#18
REVIEW
Zac Feilchenfeld, Tim Dornan, Cynthia Whitehead, Ayelet Kuper
CONTEXT: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in clinical care is growing rapidly and advocates have recently proposed the integration of ultrasound into undergraduate medical education (UME). The evidentiary basis for this integration has not been evaluated critically or systematically. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a critical and systematic review framed by the rationales enumerated in academic publications by advocates of ultrasound in UME. METHODS: This research was conducted in two phases...
January 24, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116017/emergency-medicine-resident-orientation-how-training-programs-get-their-residents-started
#19
Jillian McGrath, Michael Barrie, David P Way
INTRODUCTION: The first formal orientation program for incoming emergency medicine (EM) residents was started in 1976. The last attempt to describe the nature of orientation programs was by Brillman in 1995. Now almost all residencies offer orientation to incoming residents, but little is known about the curricular content or structure of these programs. The purpose of this project was to describe the current composition and purpose of EM resident orientation programs in the United States...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116010/an-analysis-of-the-top-cited-articles-in-emergency-medicine-education-literature
#20
Brendan W Munzer, Jeffery Love, Barbara L Shipman, Brendan Byrne, Stephen J Cico, Robert Furlong, Sorabh Khandelwal, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination of educational research is critical to improving medical education, promotion of faculty and ultimately patient care. The objective of this study was to identify the top 25 cited education articles in the emergency medicine (EM) literature and the top 25 cited EM education articles in all journals, as well as report on the characteristics of the articles. METHODS: Two searches were conducted in the Web of Science in June 2016 using a list of education-related search terms...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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