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Ultrasound in medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210910/five-easy-to-master-uses-for-point-of-care-ultrasound
#1
Fritz Fuller, Francisco Norman
Clinicians are increasingly becoming familiar with the value of limited, focused point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) to help answer discrete clinical questions. Ultrasound education is being taught in medical schools and physician assistant (PA) and PA postgraduate programs nationwide. This article introduces five basic POC ultrasound scans that can easily be mastered by practicing PAs.
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188164/developing-an-undergraduate-ultrasound-curriculum-a-needs-assessment
#2
Jordan Stone-McLean, Brian Metcalfe, Gillian Sheppard, Justin Murphy, Holly Black, Heather McCarthy, Adam Dubrowski
Background The introduction of ultrasound into the undergraduate medical school curriculum is gaining momentum in North America. At present, many institutions are teaching ultrasound to undergraduate medical students using a traditional framework designed to instruct practicing clinicians, or have modeled the curriculum on other universities. This approach is not based on educational needs or supported by evidence. Methods Using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey of stakeholder groups, we assessed the perceived relevance of various ultrasound skills and the attitude towards implementing an undergraduate ultrasound curriculum at our university...
September 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159006/the-sound-games-introducing-gamification-into-stanford-s-orientation-on-emergency-ultrasound
#3
Viveta Lobo, Andrew Q Stromberg, Peter Rosston
Point-of-care ultrasound is a critical component of graduate medical training in emergency medicine. Innovation in ultrasound teaching methods is greatly needed to keep up with a changing medical landscape. A field-wide trend promoting simulation and technology-enhanced learning is underway in an effort to improve patient care, as well as patient safety. In an effort to both motivate students and increase their skill retention, training methods are shifting towards a friendly competition model and are gaining popularity nationwide...
September 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158038/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-and-related-health-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a%C3%A2-statewide-content-analysis
#4
Andrea Swartzendruber, Anna Newton-Levinson, Ashley E Feuchs, Ashley L Phillips, Jennifer Hickey, Riley J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) are nonprofit organizations with a primary mission of promoting childbirth among pregnant women. Given a new state grant program to publicly fund PRCs, we analyzed Georgia PRC websites to describe advertised services and related health information. METHODS: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites available from April to June 2016. Entire websites were obtained and coded using defined protocols...
November 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#5
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130477/transcranial-doppler-and-lower-extremity-function-in-older-adults-einstein-aging-study
#6
Ali Ezzati, Tatjana Rundek, Joe Verghese, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) measures of mean blood flow velocity (MBFV) in the major cerebral arteries are associated with measures of lower extremity function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older (mean 79.5, 54% female) without dementia participating in the Einstein Aging Study (N = 200)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123361/personalized-learning-in-medical-education-designing-a-user-interface-for-a-dynamic-haptic-robotic-trainer-for-central-venous-catheterization
#7
Mary Yovanoff, David Pepley, Katelin Mirkin, Jason Moore, David Han, Scarlett Miller
While Virtual Reality (VR) has emerged as a viable method for training new medical residents, it has not yet reached all areas of training. One area lacking such development is surgical residency programs where there are large learning curves associated with skill development. In order to address this gap, a Dynamic Haptic Robotic Trainer (DHRT) was developed to help train surgical residents in the placement of ultrasound guided Internal Jugular Central Venous Catheters and to incorporate personalized learning...
September 2017: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society ... Annual Meeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113516/medical-genetics-and-genomics-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residencies-are-we-ready-for-the-future
#8
Manesha Putra, Jay Idler, Jing Dai, Miriam G Blitzer, Gerald Feldman, Robert J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the availability and duration of formal medical genetics and genomics (MGG) education during obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residency training in the United States compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations. METHODS: We performed a review of rotation schedules published in all American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited OB/GYN residency programs' websites during the month of December 2016...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108205/-investigation-and-analysis-of-the-knowledge-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-residents-in-hebei-province-china
#9
Q F Liang, Y D Wang, C Y Zhao
Objective: To investigate the knowledge of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among medical staff and general population in Hebei Province, China, understand the degree of awareness of NAFLD among residents, standardize the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD, improve the correct awareness of NAFLD among general population, promote the establishment of a reasonable lifestyle, and scientifically and effectively control the incidence and mortality rates of NAFLD. Methods: The investigation was performed in 30 hospitals and neighboring schools and communities in Hebei Province, and a questionnaire survey on the knowledge of NAFLD was performed for 1 300 medical workers and 2 000 persons from the general population...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093769/hand-held-ultrasound-scanners-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Victor Galusko, Mohammed Yunus Khanji, Owen Bodger, Clive Weston, John Chambers, Adrian Ionescu
Background: Ultrasound imaging devices are becoming popular in clinical and teaching settings, but there is no systematic information on their use in medical education. We conducted a systematic review of hand-held ultrasound (HHU) devices in undergraduate medical education to delineate their role, significance, and limitations. Methods: We searched Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, and Medline using the strategy: [(Hand-held OR Portable OR Pocket OR "Point of Care Systems") AND Ultrasound] AND (Education OR Training OR Undergraduate OR "Medical Students" OR "Medical School")...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055891/using-an-alumni-survey-to-target-improvements-in-an-emergency-medicine-training-programme
#11
Theodore Gaeta, Gowtham Mahalingam, Matthew Pyle, Aaron Dam, Annette Visconti
INTRODUCTION: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is the governing body responsible for accrediting graduate medical training programme in the USA. The Emergency Medicine Milestones (EM-Milestones) were developed by the ACGME and American Board of Emergency Medicine as a guide and monitoring tool for the knowledge, skills, abilities and experiences to be acquired during training. Alumni surveys have been reported as a valuable resource for training programme to identify areas for improvement; however, there are few studies regarding programme improvement in emergency medicine...
October 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978519/evaluation-of-chest-ultrasound-integrated-teaching-of-respiratory-system-physiology-to-medical-students
#12
Matteo Paganini, Michela Bondì, Alessandro Rubini
Ultrasound imaging is a widely used diagnostic technique, whose integration in medical education is constantly growing. The aim of this study was to evaluate chest ultrasound usefulness in teaching respiratory system physiology, students' perception of chest ultrasound integration into a traditional lecture in human physiology, and short-term concept retention. A lecture about respiratory physiology was integrated with ultrasound and delivered to third-year medical students. It included basic concepts of ultrasound imaging and the physiology of four anatomic sectors of the body of a male volunteer, shown with a portable ultrasound device (pleural sliding, diaphragmatic movement, inferior vena cava diameter variations, cardiac movements)...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961257/educational-value-of-pocket-sized-ultrasound-devices-to-improve-understanding-of-ultrasound-examination-principles-and-sonographic-anatomy-for-medical-student
#13
Eun Young Kim, Kwi Hwa Park, Seung Joon Choi, Wook-Jin Chung
PURPOSE: Medical students must understand the principles of ultrasonography (US), because US examinations are an important component of patient care in clinical practice. Pocket-sized ultrasound devices have the benefits of accessibility and ease of use. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the educational value of these devices in terms of improving medical student interest and understanding of US and sonographic anatomy. METHODS: We added a US training program comprised of a self-study learning module and a hands-on training session to a two-week block curriculum of medical imaging for first year medical students (n = 40)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#14
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877363/establishing-an-ultrasound-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-how-much-time-does-it-take
#15
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John Kendall
OBJECTIVES: Over the years, the use of ultrasound in the medical profession has become a common occurrence. As a result, many medical schools are considering an ultrasound curriculum for first- and second-year medical students. The question posed by many of these programs is how much time and effort are required to establish such a curriculum. We at the University of Colorado School of Medicine sought to quantify the resources and time required. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study that analyzed the time spent teaching, as well as the types of instructors (eg, faculty, resident, and peer student) that contributed to our ultrasound curriculum...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817242/improved-medical-student-perception-of-ultrasound-using-a-paired-anatomy-teaching-assistant-and-clinician-teaching-model
#16
Jacob P Smith, John L Kendall, Danielle F Royer
This study describes a new teaching model for ultrasound (US) training, and evaluates its effect on medical student attitudes toward US. First year medical students participated in hands-on US during human gross anatomy (2014 N = 183; 2015 N = 182). The sessions were facilitated by clinicians alone in 2014, and by anatomy teaching assistant (TA)-clinician pairs in 2015. Both cohorts completed course evaluations which included five US-related items on a four-point scale; cohort responses were compared using Mann-Whitney U tests with significance threshold set at 0...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#17
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748549/ultrasound-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Usman Tarique, Brandon Tang, Manni Singh, Kulamakan Mahan Kulasegaram, Jonathan Ailon
The clinical applications of point-of-care ultrasound (US) have expanded rapidly over the past decade. To promote early exposure to point-of-care US, there is widespread support for the integration of US curricula within undergraduate medical education. However, despite growing evidence and enthusiasm for point-of-care US education in undergraduate medical education, the curricular design and delivery across undergraduate medical education programs remain variable without widely adopted national standards and guidelines...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736862/quality-management-of-ultrasound-surveillance-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-under-the-korean-national-cancer-screening-program
#19
Moon Hyung Choi, Seung Eun Jung, Joon-Il Choi, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Hyun Cheol Kim, Yongsoo Kim, Yeol Kim, Boyoung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of ultrasound (US) examinations for hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance under the Korean National Cancer Screening Program and to assess knowledge and experience about liver US of physicians who perform US examinations. METHODS: The investigation about the quality of liver US for hepatocellular carcinoma screening was based on the results of a nationwide quality assurance (QA) evaluation between 2012 and 2014 at all medical institutions participating in the National Cancer Screening Program...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677051/development-of-a-reliable-simulation-based-test-for-diagnostic-abdominal-ultrasound-with-a-pass-fail-standard-usable-for-mastery-learning
#20
Mia L Østergaard, Kristina R Nielsen, Elisabeth Albrecht-Beste, Lars Konge, Michael B Nielsen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop a test with validity evidence for abdominal diagnostic ultrasound with a pass/fail-standard to facilitate mastery learning. METHOD: The simulator had 150 real-life patient abdominal scans of which 15 cases with 44 findings were selected, representing level 1 from The European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. Four groups of experience levels were constructed: Novices (medical students), trainees (first-year radiology residents), intermediates (third- to fourth-year radiology residents) and advanced (physicians with ultrasound fellowship)...
July 4, 2017: European Radiology
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