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Ultrasound in medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445882/procedure-rates-performed-by-emergency-medicine-residents-a-retrospective-review
#1
Joshua T Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner, Jonathan V McCoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training environments. Our hypothesis is that ultrasound examinations are the most commonly performed procedure in our residency. METHODS: The study took place in an academic level I trauma center with multiple residency and fellowship programs including surgery, surgical critical care, trauma, medicine, pulmonary/critical care, anesthesiology and others...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409435/simulation-for-competency-assessment-in-vascular-and-cardiac-ultrasound
#2
Florence H Sheehan, R Eugene Zierler
Healthcare providers who use peripheral vascular and cardiac ultrasound require specialized training to develop the technical and interpretive skills necessary to perform accurate diagnostic tests. Assessment of competence is a critical component of training that documents a learner's progress and is a requirement for competency-based medical education (CBME) as well as specialty certification or credentialing. The use of simulation for CBME in diagnostic ultrasound is particularly appealing since it incorporates both the psychomotor and cognitive domains while eliminating dependency on the availability of live patients with a range of pathology...
February 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406175/competency-based-assessment-tools-for-regional-anaesthesia-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
A Chuan, A S Wan, C F Royse, K Forrest
Competency-based assessment tools are used in regional anaesthesia to measure the performance of study participants, trainees, and consultants. This narrative review was performed to appraise currently published assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. A literature search found 397 citations of which 28 peer-reviewed studies met the inclusion criteria of primary psychometric evaluation of assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. The included studies were diverse in the type of assessment and the skill set being assessed...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393042/assessment-and-learning-of-ultrasound-skills-in-obstetrics-gynecology%C3%A2
#4
Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard
Ultrasound is a core skill in obstetrics-gynecology, but is highly operator-dependent. The evidence supporting the use of different methods for assessment and training of ultrasound skills was examined from different perspectives through a series of explorative and experimental studies.
We found that ultrasound performance of trainees in obstetrics-gynecology depended on a combination of motor skills, visual skills, and cognitive skills. We then established international multispecialty consensus on an assessment instrument designed to evaluate ultrasound skills...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389498/-without-ultrasound-you-can-t-reach-the-best-decision-midwives-experiences-and-views-of-the-role-of-ultrasound-in-maternity-care-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#5
Annika Åhman, Kristina Edvardsson, Hussein Lesio Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, Rhonda Small, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: To explore Tanzanian midwives' experiences and views of the role of obstetric ultrasound in relation to clinical management of pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict. METHOD: In 2015, five focus group discussions were conducted with midwives (N = 31) at three public referral hospitals in the Dar es Salaam region as part of the CROss Country Ultrasound Study (CROCUS). RESULTS: Ultrasound was described as decisive for proper management of pregnancy complications...
March 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388234/telepresent-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-examination-training-versus-traditional-training-for-medical-students-a-simulation-based-pilot-study
#6
Scott Poland, Jennifer A Frey, Ahmad Khobrani, Jason E Ondrejka, Michael U Ruhlin, Richard L George, M David Gothard, Rami A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Telepresent education is becoming an important modality in medical education, as it provides a means for instructors to lead education sessions via videoconferencing technologies. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of telepresent ultrasound training versus traditional in-person ultrasound training. METHODS: Medical student cohorts were educated by either traditional in-person instruction or telementoring on how to perform a focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350325/evaluation-and-management-of-rotator-cuff-tears-a-primary-care-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Ross Mathiasen, Christopher Hogrefe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a primary care perspective regarding the evaluation and management of shoulder pain and rotator cuff tears. RECENT FINDINGS: In the primary care setting, rotator cuff pathology is commonly encountered. Information regarding the risks of oral medications for the management of the associated pain keeps mounting. Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears remain difficult to diagnose with a single imaging modality. Musculoskeletal education in medical schools and non-orthopaedic residency and fellowship training programs continues to be an area for additional improvement...
January 19, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298917/point-of-care-ultrasound-a-trend-in-health-care
#8
Anita M Buerger, Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To discuss the current and growing use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound in the management and care of patients. METHODS: Several electronic research databases were searched to find articles that emphasized the use of POC ultrasound by health care providers who manage and treat critically ill or injured patients. Thirty-five relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were selected for this literature review. RESULTS: Common themes identified in the literature included the use of POC ultrasound in emergency medicine, military medicine, and remote care; comparison of POC ultrasound to other medical imaging modalities; investigation of the education and training required for nonimaging health care professionals who perform POC ultrasound in their practices; and discussion of the financial implications and limitations of POC ultrasound...
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280168/resident-accuracy-of-musculoskeletal-palpation-with-ultrasound-verification
#9
Priyesh Mehta, Ethan B Rand, Christopher J Visco, James Wyss
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this observational study was to determine the accuracy of musculoskeletal palpation of the medial joint line of the knee, medial patellar tendon, and posterior tibialis tendon verified by ultrasound imaging among physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. METHODS: Eighteen physical medicine and rehabilitation resident physicians at a single specialized institution were asked to identify the medial joint line of the knee, medial patellar tendon, and posterior tibialis tendon on 2 separate standardized patient models during a single data collection...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230709/point-of-care-gastric-ultrasound-and-aspiration-risk-assessment-a-narrative-review
#10
Anahi Perlas, Cristian Arzola, Peter Van de Putte
This narrative review summarizes the current knowledge on point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of gastric contents in order to inform an assessment of aspiration risk and guide anesthetic management at the bedside. An I-AIM framework (Indication, Acquisition, Interpretation, and Medical decision-making) is used to summarize and organize the content areas. This narrative review spans the breadth of the literature on pediatric and adult subjects as well as on special patient populations such as obstetric and severely obese individuals...
December 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#11
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210910/five-easy-to-master-uses-for-point-of-care-ultrasound
#12
Fritz Fuller, Francisco Norman
Clinicians are increasingly becoming familiar with the value of limited, focused point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) to help answer discrete clinical questions. Ultrasound education is being taught in medical schools and physician assistant (PA) and PA postgraduate programs nationwide. This article introduces five basic POC ultrasound scans that can easily be mastered by practicing PAs.
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188164/developing-an-undergraduate-ultrasound-curriculum-a-needs-assessment
#13
Jordan Stone-McLean, Brian Metcalfe, Gillian Sheppard, Justin Murphy, Holly Black, Heather McCarthy, Adam Dubrowski
Background The introduction of ultrasound into the undergraduate medical school curriculum is gaining momentum in North America. At present, many institutions are teaching ultrasound to undergraduate medical students using a traditional framework designed to instruct practicing clinicians, or have modeled the curriculum on other universities. This approach is not based on educational needs or supported by evidence. Methods Using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey of stakeholder groups, we assessed the perceived relevance of various ultrasound skills and the attitude towards implementing an undergraduate ultrasound curriculum at our university...
September 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159006/the-sound-games-introducing-gamification-into-stanford-s-orientation-on-emergency-ultrasound
#14
Viveta Lobo, Andrew Q Stromberg, Peter Rosston
Point-of-care ultrasound is a critical component of graduate medical training in emergency medicine. Innovation in ultrasound teaching methods is greatly needed to keep up with a changing medical landscape. A field-wide trend promoting simulation and technology-enhanced learning is underway in an effort to improve patient care, as well as patient safety. In an effort to both motivate students and increase their skill retention, training methods are shifting towards a friendly competition model and are gaining popularity nationwide...
September 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158038/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-and-related-health-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a%C3%A2-statewide-content-analysis
#15
Andrea Swartzendruber, Anna Newton-Levinson, Ashley E Feuchs, Ashley L Phillips, Jennifer Hickey, Riley J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) are nonprofit organizations with a primary mission of promoting childbirth among pregnant women. Given a new state grant program to publicly fund PRCs, we analyzed Georgia PRC websites to describe advertised services and related health information. METHODS: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites available from April to June 2016. Entire websites were obtained and coded using defined protocols...
November 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#16
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130477/transcranial-doppler-and-lower-extremity-function-in-older-adults-einstein-aging-study
#17
Ali Ezzati, Tatjana Rundek, Joe Verghese, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) measures of mean blood flow velocity (MBFV) in the major cerebral arteries are associated with measures of lower extremity function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older (mean 79.5, 54% female) without dementia participating in the Einstein Aging Study (N = 200)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123361/personalized-learning-in-medical-education-designing-a-user-interface-for-a-dynamic-haptic-robotic-trainer-for-central-venous-catheterization
#18
Mary Yovanoff, David Pepley, Katelin Mirkin, Jason Moore, David Han, Scarlett Miller
While Virtual Reality (VR) has emerged as a viable method for training new medical residents, it has not yet reached all areas of training. One area lacking such development is surgical residency programs where there are large learning curves associated with skill development. In order to address this gap, a Dynamic Haptic Robotic Trainer (DHRT) was developed to help train surgical residents in the placement of ultrasound guided Internal Jugular Central Venous Catheters and to incorporate personalized learning...
September 2017: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society ... Annual Meeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113516/medical-genetics-and-genomics-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residencies-are-we-ready-for-the-future
#19
Manesha Putra, Jay Idler, Jing Dai, Miriam G Blitzer, Gerald Feldman, Robert J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the availability and duration of formal medical genetics and genomics (MGG) education during obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residency training in the United States compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations. METHODS: We performed a review of rotation schedules published in all American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited OB/GYN residency programs' websites during the month of December 2016...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108205/-investigation-and-analysis-of-the-knowledge-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-residents-in-hebei-province-china
#20
Q F Liang, Y D Wang, C Y Zhao
Objective: To investigate the knowledge of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among medical staff and general population in Hebei Province, China, understand the degree of awareness of NAFLD among residents, standardize the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD, improve the correct awareness of NAFLD among general population, promote the establishment of a reasonable lifestyle, and scientifically and effectively control the incidence and mortality rates of NAFLD. Methods: The investigation was performed in 30 hospitals and neighboring schools and communities in Hebei Province, and a questionnaire survey on the knowledge of NAFLD was performed for 1 300 medical workers and 2 000 persons from the general population...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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