Read by QxMD icon Read

Heart defect

Bin Zhang, Jinzhu Zhao, Rong Yang, Zhengmin Qian, Shengwen Liang, Bryan A Bassig, Yiming Zhang, Ke Hu, Shunqing Xu, Guanghui Dong, Tongzhang Zheng, Shaoping Yang
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether high levels of maternal exposure to O3, SO2, NO2, CO are related to increased risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in Wuhan, China. The study included mothers living in the central districts of Wuhan during pregnancy over the two-year period from June 10, 2011 to June 9, 2013. For each study participant, we assigned 1-month averages of O3, SO2, NO2 and CO exposure based on measurements obtained from the nearest exposure monitor to the living residence of mothers during their early pregnancy period...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Keiko Shimojima, Yumiko Ondo, Mayumi Matsufuji, Nozomi Sano, Hisashi Tsuru, Tatsuki Oyoshi, Nayuta Higa, Hiroshi Tokimura, Kazunori Arita, Toshiyuki Yamamoto
A female patient presented with developmental delay, distinctive facial features, and congenital anomalies, including a heart defect and premature lambdoid synostosis. The patient showed a paternally inherited 16p13.11 microduplication and a de novo 19p13.3 microdeletion involving the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 gene (MAP2K2), in which mutations cause the cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome. Reports of patients with overlapping 19p13.3 microdeletions of this region describe similar clinical manifestations including distinctive facial features: prominent forehead, horizontal/down-slanting palpebral fissures, long midface, pointed chin/angular jaw, sparse eyebrows, and underdeveloped cheekbones...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Sudip Dutta Baruah, Ashutosh Marwah, Bharat Dalvi, Rajesh Sharma
Successful repair of congenitally corrected transposition with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis presenting with heart failure in the fifth decade of life is described. This is the oldest patient to undergo this surgery, as per existing literature.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jagdish C Mohan, Vishwas Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Arvind Sethi
Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is a rare cyanotic congenital heart disease with under-development of the right ventricle, tricuspid, and pulmonary valves leading to right-to-left shunting of the blood through inter-atrial septal defect. Perinatal mortality is high with very few patients surviving to adulthood without corrective surgery. This report describes a 26-year-old young woman, who had recurrent abortions and stillbirths and detected to have marked cyanosis with hypoplastic right heart, sub-arterial ventricular septal defect, absent pulmonary valve, non-compaction of the left ventricle, and bicuspid aortic valve with aortic regurgitation...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Parachute mitral valve and Pacman heart (incomplete muscular ventricular septal defect) are rare congenital deformities usually reported in infants and children. Very few adult patients with these anomalies are reported but the association of the two has not been described. This report describes a 56-year-old male with exertional dyspnea who was detected to have moderately severe mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis. Typical parachute deformity of the mitral valve with a reduced opening and common attachment of all the chordae to a single posteromedial papillary muscle was evident...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Afsin A Kundak, Ayhan Pektas, Aysegul Zenciroglu, Semra Ozdemir, Umit B Barutcu, Utku A Orun, Nurullah Okumus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the role of toxic elements and trace elements in the pathogenesis of conotruncal heart defects by measuring their concentrations in the first meconium specimens of the affected newborns. METHODS: Concentrations of lead, cadmium, iron, zinc, and copper were measured in 1st-day meconium specimens that were collected from 60 newborns with conotruncal heart defects (Group I) and 72 healthy newborns (Group II)...
October 18, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of brain natriuretic peptide in pediatric patients, examining the diagnostic value, management, and prognostic relevance, by critical assessment of the literature. DATA SOURCES: In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; and included these Medical Subject Headings and text terms for the key words: "brain natriuretic peptide," "amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide," "children," "neonate/s," "newborn/s," "infant/s," and "echocardiography...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Mark Doyle, Gerald M Pohost, C Noel Bairey Merz, Leslee J Shaw, George Sopko, William J Rogers, Barry L Sharaf, Carl J Pepine, Diane V Thompson, Geetha Rayarao, Lindsey Tauxe, Sheryl F Kelsey, Robert W W Biederman
BACKGROUND: We introduce an algorithmic approach to optimize diagnostic and prognostic value of gated cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance (MR) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) modalities in women with suspected myocardial ischemia. The novel approach: bio-informatics assessment schema (BIAS) forms a mathematical model utilizing MPI data and cardiac metrics generated by one modality to predict the MPI status of another modality. The model identifies cardiac features that either enhance or mask the image-based evidence of ischemia...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Aabid Hussain Mir, Zulfiqar Ali, Bashir Ahmad Dar, Imtiaz A Naqash, Samreena Bashir
Congenital heart defects are associated with various physiological disturbances. They pose anesthetic challenges for both cardiac and noncardiac surgeries. Atrioventricular septal defects are due to a developmental failure in the separation of atria and the ventricles into separate chambers and failure in the separation of mitral and tricuspid valves. We present a case of a child (1½ years), weighing 10 kg, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus who was planned for ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Child was having an oxygen saturation of 76% on room air...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Uros Kuzmanov, Hongbo Guo, Diana Buchsbaum, Jake Cosme, Cynthia Abbasi, Ruth Isserlin, Parveen Sharma, Anthony O Gramolini, Andrew Emili
Phospholamban (PLN) plays a central role in Ca(2+) homeostasis in cardiac myocytes through regulation of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2A (SERCA2A) Ca(2+) pump. An inherited mutation converting arginine residue 9 in PLN to cysteine (R9C) results in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans and transgenic mice, but the downstream signaling defects leading to decompensation and heart failure are poorly understood. Here we used precision mass spectrometry to study the global phosphorylation dynamics of 1,887 cardiac phosphoproteins in early affected heart tissue in a transgenic R9C mouse model of DCM compared with wild-type littermates...
October 14, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Niels B Matthiesen, Tine Henriksen, Peter Agergaard, William J Gaynor, Cathrine C Bach, Vibeke Hjortdal, John Ostergaard
BACKGROUND: -Congenital heart defects (CHD) have been associated with placental anomalies. The nature and the consequences of this association remain poorly understood. We aimed to estimate the associations between all major subtypes of CHD and placental weight at birth as well as the association between placental weight and measures of both overall and cerebral growth in fetuses with CHD. METHODS: -We included all 924,422 liveborn Danish singletons, 1997-2011. CHD was present in 7,569...
October 14, 2016: Circulation
Praveen Hariharan, David M Dudzinski, Rachel Rosovsky, Farris Haddad, Peter MacMahon, Blair Parry, Yuchiao Chang, Christopher Kabrhel
Computed tomography pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) provides a volumetric assessment of clot burden in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). However, it is unclear if clot burden is associated with right-sided heart strain (RHS) or adverse clinical events (ACE). We prospectively enrolled Emergency Department patients with PE (in CTPA) from 2008 to 2011. We assigned 1 to 9 points as clot burden score, based on whether emboli were saddle, central, lobar, segmental, and subsegmental. We evaluated a novel score (the "CT-PASS") based on the sum (in millimeters) of the largest filling defects in the right and left pulmonary vasculature...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Elisabeth Leirgul, Kristoffer Brodwall, Gottfried Greve, Stein E Vollset, Henrik Holmstrøm, Grethe S Tell, Nina Øyen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between pregestational or gestational diabetes and offspring risk of congenital heart defects and the association between large-for-gestational-age birth weight and risk of cardiac defects in offspring of diabetic women. METHODS: Information on pregestational and gestational diabetes, cardiac defects, and birth weight among all births in Norway in 1994-2009 was ascertained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, national health registries, and the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway project...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Farhood Saremi, Cameron Hassani, Damián Sánchez-Quintana
The septal atrioventricular junction is a centrally located region of the heart where the septal components of the atria and ventricles meet the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves. Important structures in this region include the membranous septum, the central fibrous body, the Koch triangle, the inferior pyramidal space, and the base of the interventricular septum. This small area is the home of the atrioventricular node and the atrioventricular conduction axis and has enormous importance to electrophysiologists owing to its prime role in the conduction system of the heart...
October 14, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Anu K Kaskinen, Laura Martelius, Turkka Kirjavainen, Paula Rautiainen, Sture Andersson, Olli M Pitkänen
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasounds show vertical artifacts known as B-lines in the presence of increased extravascular lung water (EVLW). We aimed to investigate whether lung ultrasound could estimate EVLW after congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational study comprised 61 children (age range 3 days to 7.4 years) undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. We compared postoperative B-line scores from lung ultrasounds, early postoperative ultrasound as our primary interest, with corresponding postoperative chest radiography (CXR) lung edema scores, with static lung compliance, and with short-term clinical outcome interpreted as time on mechanical ventilation and length of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay...
October 14, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Anton M Kolomeyer, Ken K Nischal, Ellen Mitchell
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) in a patient with tacrolimus-associated posttransplant thrombotic microangiopathy. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: An 8-year-old boy with a medical history of orthotopic heart transplant, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease, and recurrent infections was hospitalized for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. His ocular history included accommodative esotropia, hyperopia with astigmatism, Molluscum contagiosum lid lesions, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Ramesh Kawar, Deepak Kumar Mishra, Shalima Gautam, B K Goyal
In the current era where percutaneous coronary interventions are increasingly performed day by day can device closure of congenital heart defects be far behind. We describe one unusual case of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in a child with absent inferior vena cava which was tackled in a novel way using hemiazygous vein as the conduit (access) to the right side of heart.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
C M Batra, Rajiv Agarwal
Hypocalcemic cardiomyopathy is a rare entity. We describe a patient with severe heart failure, decreased ejection fraction and global hypokinesia documented on echocardiogram, associated with severe hypocalcemia, very low vitamin D status, increased QT intervals, increased BNP (serum brain natriuretic peptide) levels and CPK (creatine phosphokinase) levels. All these defects reversed on treatment with vitamin D and calcium within a few days without any specific cardiac intervention.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Melissa Borelli, Rebecca J Baer, Christina D Chambers, Tyler C Smith, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski
We examined the association between maternal characteristics, routinely collected first- and second-trimester biomarkers and the risk of having an infant with a critical congenital heart defect (CCHD). Included were women who participated in the California Prenatal Screening Program who had nuchal translucency (NT) measurement and first- and second-trimester serum screening. All pregnancies ended in a live birth of an infant without aneuploidy or a neural tube defect. Poisson regression analyses were used to estimate the relative risk and 95% confidence interval of a CCHD by maternal characteristics, first- and second-trimester serum biomarkers or NT measurements...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"