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Fluorescent imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434166/antibody-uptake-assay-in-the-embryonic-zebrafish-forebrain-to-study-notch-signaling-dynamics-in-neural-progenitor-cells-in-vivo
#1
Kai Tong, Mahendra Wagle, Su Guo
Stem cells can generate cell fate heterogeneity through asymmetric cell division (ACD). ACD derives from the asymmetric segregation of fate-determining molecules and/or organelles in the dividing cell. Radial glia in the embryonic zebrafish forebrain are an excellent model for studying the molecular mechanisms regulating ACD of stem cells in vertebrates, especially for live imaging concerning in vivo molecular and cellular dynamics. Due to the current difficulty in expressing fluorescent reporter-tagged proteins at physiological levels in zebrafish for live imaging, we have developed an antibody uptake assay to label proteins in live embryonic zebrafish forebrain with high specificity...
April 23, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434115/interaction-of-selected-phenylpropenes-with-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine-membrane-and-their-relevance-to-antibacterial-activity
#2
Riham Gharib, Amal Najjar, Lizette Auezova, Catherine Charcosset, Hélène Greige-Gerges
The effect of structurally closely related phenylpropenes (PPs), estragole, anethole, eugenol, and isoeugenol, on the fluidity of dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC) liposome membrane was investigated by DSC, Raman, and fluorescence anisotropy of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH). Liposomes were prepared by thin-film hydration method at various DPPC:PP molar ratios. The DPH anisotropy measurements of blank and PP-loaded liposomes were performed at 28, 41, and 50 °C, which correspond, respectively, to gel phase, main transition temperature of DPPC, and liquid phase...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433940/a-novel-dual-ratiometric-response-fluorescent-probe-for-so2-clo-detection-in-cells-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-and-its-application-in-exploring-the-dichotomous-role-of-so2-under-the-clo-induced-oxidative-stress
#3
Kun Dou, Qiang Fu, Guang Chen, Fabiao Yu, Yuxia Liu, Ziping Cao, Guoliang Li, Xianen Zhao, Lian Xia, Lingxin Chen, Hua Wang, Jinmao You
Intracellular reactive sulfur species and reactive oxygen species play vital roles in immunologic mechanism. As an emerging signal transmitter, SO2 can be generated as the anti-oxidant, while SO2 is also a potential oxidative stress-inducer in organism. Aiming to elucidate in-depth the dichotomous role of SO2 under oxidative stress, we designed a dual-response fluorescent probe that enabled the respective or successive detection of SO2 and ClO(-). The probe itself emits the red fluorescence (625 nm) which can largely switch to blue (410 nm) and green fluorescence (500 nm) respectively in response to SO2 and ClO(-), allowing the highly selective and accurate ratiometric quantification for both SO2 and ClO(-) in cells...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433938/imaging-lysosomal-highly-reactive-oxygen-species-and-lighting-up-cancer-cells-and-tumors-enabled-by-a-si-rhodamine-based-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe
#4
Hongxing Zhang, Jing Liu, Chenlu Liu, Pengcheng Yu, Minjia Sun, Xiaohan Yan, Jian-Ping Guo, Wei Guo
Lysosomes have recently been regarded as the attractive pharmacological targets for selectively killing of cancer cells via lysosomal cell death (LCD) pathway that is closely associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the details on the ROS-induced LCD of cancer cells are still poorly understood, partially due to the absence of a lysosome-targetable, robust, and biocompatible imaging tool for ROS. In this work, we brought forward a Si-rhodamine-based fluorescent probe, named PSiR, which could selectively and sensitively image the pathologically more relavent highly reactive oxygen species (hROS: HClO, HO, and ONOO(-)) in lysosomes of cancer cells...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433937/perturbation-effect-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-quantum-dots-rgoqds-on-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-ahr-pathway-in-zebrafish
#5
Jing-Hui Zhang, Tai Sun, Aping Niu, Yu-Mei Tang, Shun Deng, Wei Luo, Qun Xu, Dapeng Wei, De-Sheng Pei
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) has been widely used in enormous fields, however, the inherent molecular mechanism of GQDs for potential risks in biological system is still elusive to date. In this study, the outstanding reduced graphene quantum dots (rGOQDs) with the QY as high as 24.62% were successfully synthesized by the improved Hummers method and DMF hydrothermal treatment approach. The rGOQDs were N-doped photoluminescent nanomaterials with functional groups on the surface. The fluorescent bio-imaging was performed by exposing zebrafish in different concentrations of the as-prepared rGOQDs, and the distribution of rGOQDs was successfully observed...
April 15, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433935/distinct-on-off-fluorescence-signals-from-dual-responsive-activatable-nanoprobes-allows-detection-of-inflammation-with-improved-contrast
#6
Mathieu L Viger, Guillaume Collet, Jacques Lux, Viet Anh Nguyen Huu, Monica Guma, Alexandra Foucault-Collet, Jason Olejniczak, Shivanjali Joshi-Barr, Gary S Firestein, Adah Almutairi
Visualization of biochemical changes associated with disease is of great clinical significance, as it should allow earlier, more accurate diagnosis than structural imaging, facilitating timely clinical intervention. Herein, we report combining stimuli-responsive polymers and near-infrared fluorescent dyes (emission max: 790 nm) to create robust activatable fluorescent nanoprobes capable of simultaneously detecting acidosis and oxidative stress associated with inflammatory microenvironments. The spectrally-resolved mechanism of fluorescence activation allows removal of unwanted background signal (up to 20-fold reduction) and isolation of a pure activated signal, which enables sensitive and unambiguous localization of inflamed areas; target-to-background ratios reach 22 as early as 3 h post-injection...
March 28, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433823/simultaneous-monitoring-of-intra-and-extracellular-nitric-oxide-in-living-cells-by-means-of-dual-color-fluorescence-imaging
#7
Hui-Wen Yao, Jian-Bo Chen, Xiao-Feng Guo, Hong Wang
A dual-color fluorescence imaging method for simultaneous monitoring of intra- and extracellular nitric oxide (NO) was developed. Assisted by confocal laser scanning microscope, the intra- and extracellular NO can be successfully visualized by using two selected probes, 4,4-difluoro-8-(3,4-diaminophenyl)-3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (p-MOPB) and disodium 2,6-disulfonate-1,3-dimethyl-5-hexadecyl-8-(3,4-diaminophenyl)-4,4'-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (DSDMHDAB), which display distinct membrane permeability and show different colors of fluorescence after reaction with NO...
April 19, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433556/bolus-injections-of-novel-thrombogenic-site-targeted-fusion-proteins-comprising-annexin-v-and-kunitz-protease-inhibitors-attenuate-intimal-hyperplasia-after-balloon-angioplasty
#8
Yung-Hsin Yeh, Shang-Hung Chang, Shin-Yu Chen, Chih-Jen Wen, Fu-Chan Wei, Rui Tang, Sam Achilefu, Tze-Chein Wun, Wei-Jan Chen
BACKGROUND: Systemic administrations of conventional antithrombotics reduce neointima formation after angioplasty in experimental animals. However, clinical translation of these results has not been successful due to high risk for bleeding. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether novel annexin-V (ANV)-Kunitz protease inhibitor fusion proteins, TAP-ANV and ANV-6L15, can specifically target to vascular injury site and limit neointima formation without inducing systemic hypo-coagulation in a rat carotid artery balloon angioplasty injury model...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433060/enhanced-photoresponsive-polyethyleneimine-citric-acid-co-carbonized-dots-for-facile-and-selective-sensing-and-intracellular-imaging-of-cobalt-ions-at-physiologic-ph
#9
Wen-Sheng Zou, Qing-Chun Zhao, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Ming Chen, Xiu-Fang Wang, Lin Zhao, Shao-Hua Chen, Ya-Qin Wang
Whether as an important biological element or as a radioactive source/medicine, the monitoring of trace levels of cobalt ions (Co) has become a non-negligible factor for human health and green environment. Current technologies for the detection of Co are cost-expensive and time-consuming, and require cumbersome sample pretreatment process. Herein a novel sensing platform has been developed for Co detection based on the quenching of the enhanced fluorescence signal of polyamine functionalized C-dots. Amine groups at the surface of the C-dots can capture Zn(2+)/Cd(2+) to form coordination compound, which can inhibit the photoinduced electron transfer pathways of C-dots and then induce the fluorescence enhancement of the C-dots by ∼80% margin...
June 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432918/a-quinoline-based-cu-2-ion-complex-fluorescence-probe-for-selective-detection-of-inorganic-phosphate-anion-in-aqueous-solution-and-its-application-to-living-cells
#10
Yanpeng Dai, Peng Wang, Jiaxin Fu, Kun Yao, Kuoxi Xu, Xiaobin Pang
A quinaldine functionalized probe QP has been designed and synthesized. It exhibited selective turn-off fluorescence response toward Cu(2+) ion over most of the biologically important ions at physiological pH. The binding ratio of the probe QP and Cu(2+) ion was determined to be 1:1 through fluorescence titration, Job's plot and ESI-MS. The binding constant (K) of Cu(2+) to probe QP was found to be 2.12×10(4)M(-1). Further, the Cu(2+) ensemble of probe QP was found to respond H2PO4(-) and HPO4(2-) among other important biological anions via fluorescence turn-on response at physiological pH...
April 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432787/presynaptic-morphology-and-vesicular-composition-determine-vesicle-dynamics-in-mouse-central-synapses
#11
Laurent Guillaud, Dimitar Dimitrov, Tomoyuki Takahashi
Transport of synaptic vesicles (SVs) in nerve terminals is thought to play essential roles in maintenance of neurotransmission. To identify factors modulating SV movements, we performed real-time imaging analysis of fluorescently labeled SVs in giant calyceal and conventional hippocampal terminals. Compared with small hippocampal terminals, SV movements in giant calyceal terminals were faster, longer and kinetically more heterogeneous. Morphological maturation of giant calyceal terminals was associated with an overall reduction in SV mobility and displacement heterogeneity...
April 22, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432657/in-vitro-assay-for-measuring-real-time-topotecan-release-from-liposomes-release-kinetics-and-cellular-internalization
#12
Roger Gilabert-Oriol, Lina Chernov, Malathi Anantha, Wieslawa H Dragowska, Marcel B Bally
Topotecan is a drug that is under investigation for the treatment of neuroblastoma and has been encapsulated into liposomes to improve its therapeutic efficacy. However, liposomal formulations still need to be optimized for drug retention and new techniques to measure drug release are required to better understand this process. Here, a novel in vitro method based on fluorescence de-quenching and an automated microscopy imaging platform were developed for monitoring, in real time, the release of topotecan from a liposomal formulation...
April 21, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432452/fluorescent-angioscopic-imaging-of-calcium-phosphate-tribasic-precursor-of-hydroxyapatite-the-major-calcium-deposit-in-human-coronary-plaques
#13
Takanobu Kobayashi, Osamu Nakagawa, Seiichiro Shirai, Ei Shimoyama, Nobuyuki Hiruta, Yasumi Uchida
Coronary calcification is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease. Hydroxyapatite that is formed by polymerization from calcium phosphate tribasic (CPT) is the major constituent of coronary calcium deposits. If CPT could be visualized, coronary calcification could be predicted and prevented. We discovered that when CPT and collagen I, the main constituent of collagen fibers, are mixed with lac dye (LD) and then exposed to fluorescent light excited at 345 ± 15 nm and emitted at 420 nm, a purple fluorescence that is characteristic of CPT only is elicited...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432298/endogenous-two-photon-excited-fluorescence-imaging-characterizes-neuron-and-astrocyte-metabolic-responses-to-manganese-toxicity
#14
Emily Stuntz, Yusi Gong, Disha Sood, Volha Liaudanskaya, Dimitra Pouli, Kyle P Quinn, Carlo Alonzo, Zhiyi Liu, David L Kaplan, Irene Georgakoudi
As neurodegenerative conditions are increasingly linked to mitochondrial dysfunction, methods for studying brain cell metabolism at high spatial resolution are needed to elucidate neurodegeneration mechanisms. Two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) imaging is a non-destructive, high-resolution technique for studying cell metabolism via endogenous fluorescence of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). We employed TPEF to study the metabolism of primary rat astrocyte and neuronal cultures under normal growth conditions and in response to manganese (Mn) treatment...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431540/prevention-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-formation-in-diabetic-rats-through-beta-cell-modulation-by-aegle-marmelos
#15
Rahman M Hafizur, Shahrukh Momin, Noor Fatima
BACKGROUND: Although the anti-diabetic activity of Aegle marmelos (AM) is known, however, its anti-glycation activity is not reported yet. In this study, we have investigated its anti-glycation activity under in vitro and in vivo conditions and determined possible mechanism(s) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Effective dose of AM (400 mg/kg) was administrated orally to diabetic rats for 42 days. Thereafter, blood glucose, serum insulin, HbA1c, antioxidant status, and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) were measured...
April 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431251/tunable-expression-tools-enable-single-cell-strain-distinction-in-the-gut-microbiome
#16
Weston R Whitaker, Elizabeth Stanley Shepherd, Justin L Sonnenburg
Applying synthetic biology to engineer gut-resident microbes provides new avenues to investigate microbe-host interactions, perform diagnostics, and deliver therapeutics. Here, we describe a platform for engineering Bacteroides, the most abundant genus in the Western microbiota, which includes a process for high-throughput strain modification. We have identified a novel phage promoter and translational tuning strategy and achieved an unprecedented level of expression that enables imaging of fluorescent-protein-expressing Bacteroides stably colonizing the mouse gut...
April 20, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430668/a-turn-on-fluorescent-probe-for-endogenous-formaldehyde-in-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-of-living-cells
#17
Yonghe Tang, Yanyan Ma, An Xu, Gaoping Xu, Weiying Lin
As the simplest aldehyde compounds, formaldehyde (FA) is implicated in nervous system diseases and cancer. Endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that plays important functions in living cells. Accordingly, the development of efficient methods for FA detection in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is of great biomedical importance. In this work, we developed the first ER-targeted fluorescent FA probe Na-FA-ER. The detection is based on the condensation reaction of the hydrazine group and FA to suppress the photo-induced electron transfer (PET) pathway, resulting in a fluorescence increase...
April 21, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430258/transparency-measurement-of-thin-films-with-one-sided-optical-access-using-fluorescence-imaging
#18
A F Forughi, B Stoeber, S I Green
Optical transparency can be determined by passing light through an object and comparing the intensity of the transmitted light with the intensity of the incident light. This measurement needs optical access to both sides of the object for illumination and measurement. Optical access to both sides of the object may be restricted in some situations due to the presence of an opaque obstacle, lack of physical access, etc. A novel technique of transmittance measurement is presented that is able to determine the transparency of thin-film objects with optical access limited to just one side...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429670/expression-of-dominant-negative-k6w-ubiquitin-in-the-lens-epithelium-via-an-adenoviral-vector-delays-posterior-capsule-opacification-in-a-rabbit-model
#19
Xuan Bao, Min Hou, Ruiping Peng, Furong Luo, Mingxing Wu
PURPOSE: Ubiquitin is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, and the objective of this study is to investigate the potential of dominant negative Ubiquitin (Ub) with a lysine to tryptophan mutation at the 6 position (K6W) through an adenoviral expression vector in the prevention of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in a rabbit PCO model. METHODS: Recombinant dominant negative K6W-Ub adenovirus (RAd-K6W-Ub) with green fluorescent protein (RAd-K6W-Ub/GFP) and RAd-GFP viruses (control) were generated with QBI-HEK 293A cells...
March 31, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428983/rapid-inducible-protein-displacement-in-plasmodiumin-vivo-and-in-vitro-using-knocksideways-technology
#20
Katie R Hughes, Andy P Waters
A deeper understanding of the biology of the Plasmodium parasite is essential in order to identify targets for interventions, with the ultimate aim of eliminating malaria. Determining the function(s) of essential proteins in Plasmodium has, until recently, been hampered by the lack of efficient conditional systems to abrogate proteins. We report the adaptation of a conditional technology, knocksideways (KS), for use in Plasmodium berghei, which can potentially rapidly inactivate proteins of interest through relocalisation...
March 14, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
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