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Zivile Ries, Fabian Frank, Isaac Bermejo, Chariklia Kalaitsidou, Jördis Zill, Jörg Dirmaier, Martin Härter, Jürgen Bengel, Lars Hölzel
Aim This study was part of a double-blind randomised controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effects of culture-sensitive patient information materials (PIM) compared with standard translated material. The study aimed to obtain the data for the development of culture sensitive PIM about unipolar depression for the 4 largest migrant groups in Germany (Turkish, Polish, Russian and Italian migration background). Method A qualitative study using 4 manual-based focus groups (FG), one for each migrant group, with 29 participants (9 with a Turkish (TüG), 8 with a Polish (PoG), 5 with a Russian (RuG) and 7 with an Italian (ItG) migration background) was conducted...
September 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Brittney van de Water, Ashlee Vance, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
Little is known about help-seeking for depression among Jordanian adolescents who are a vulnerable population with high rates of depressive symptoms and few mental health services. The purpose of this study was to (1) explore Jordanian adolescents' helpseeking intentions for depression and (2) examine whether depression stigma, depression severity, or their interaction are associated with Jordanian adolescents' willingness to seek help for depression and the type of treatment they would seek. In collaboration with the Jordanian Ministry of Education, we conducted a nationally representative, school-based survey of adolescents aged 12-17 years ( N = 2,349)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Heidi L M DeLoveh, Lauren Bennett Cattaneo
Sexual assault is a widespread problem on college campuses that has been the subject of substantial attention in recent years (Ali, 2011; Krebs, Lindquist, Berzofsky, Shook-Sa, & Peterson, 2016). Resources designed to address the problem exist, but there is evidence that they are underutilized by survivors (Campbell, 2008). The current study used grounded theory to explore how sexual assault survivors make decisions about helpseeking. In-depth interviews were conducted with 14 college sexual assault survivors to develop a theoretical model for their decision-making process...
March 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
Emily M Douglas, Denise A Hines
In the last several decades, the field of family violence has paid increasing attention to children's exposure to partner violence (CEPV). Most of this research has focused on the children of women seeking help for partner violence (PV) victimization. In this paper we examine exposure to PV among children of men who sought help for PV victimization (n=408), as compared with children of men in a population-based sample (n=666). We examined children's exposure to psychological, physical, and sexual PV and also examined CEPV that is perpetrated by women, men, or both partners...
May 2016: Journal of Family Violence
Denise A Hines, Emily M Douglas
Researchers argue that partner violence (PV) is a multidimensional and heterogeneous phenomenon that needs to be measured in multiple ways to capture its range, extent, severity, and potential consequences. Several large scale, population-based studies show that about 40%-50% of PV victims in a one-year time period are men; this finding is consistent whether the study focuses on physical PV or a combination of several forms of PV. However, no one has investigated how the different forms of PV contribute to male victims' poor mental health, although research suggests that physical, psychological, and sexual PV contribute unique variance to female victims' poor health...
January 1, 2016: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
Brittany Freitas-Murrell, Joshua K Swift
This study sought to examine the role of current/previous treatment experience, stigma (social and self), and cultural identification (Caucasian and Alaska Native [AN]) in predicting attitudes toward psychological help seeking for ANs. Results indicated that these variables together explained roughly 56% of variance in attitudes. In particular, while self-stigma and identification with the Caucasian culture predicted a unique amount of variance in help-seeking attitudes, treatment use and identification with AN culture did not...
2015: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Mario Müller, Stephanie Rodgers, Wulf Rössler, Enrique Castelao, Martin Preisig, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Caroline Vandeleur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare subjects dually diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) to those with only one or none of these conditions regarding helpseeking needs and behaviors. METHOD: Data from a large community sample (N=3694) were used to assess the associations among lifetime PTSD and AUD, other psychiatric disorders, clinical characteristics and lifetime helpseeking behaviors derived from a semi-structured interview...
October 2015: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Devesh V Oberoi, Moyez Jiwa, Alexandra McManus, Rupert Hodder
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major global health problem with survival varying according to stage at diagnosis. The incidence of CRC is much higher in patients with lower bowel symptoms. The symptoms are non-specific and are commonly experienced in the general population. Biological and environmental factors account for the high incidence and poor prognosis of CRC in men. OBJECTIVE: To review the behavioural factors influencing patient delay in seeking help for lower bowel symptoms using a gender lens...
2014: Quality in Primary Care
Poornima Bhola, Dorothy P Rekha, Vidya Sathyanarayanan, Sheila Daniel, Tinku Thomas
There is increasing concern about suicide rates in the vulnerable developmental stage of adolescence. The experiences and expressions of suicidality among adolescents are often "hidden" and occur due to complex and cumulative interactions of multiple factors. A cross-sectional survey assessed self-reported suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and helpseeking behaviour among adolescents attending a pre-university college in Bangalore, India. This formed part of a 2-year teacher training project for Adolescent Mental Health and Suicide Prevention in the college...
February 2014: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Corey S Mackenzie, Julie Erickson, Frank P Deane, Michelle Wright
Although rates of treatment seeking for mental health problems are increasing, this increase is driven primarily by antidepressant medication use, and a majority of individuals with mental health problems remain untreated. Helpseeking attitudes are thought to be a key barrier to mental health service use, although little is known about whether such attitudes have changed over time. Research on this topic is mixed with respect to whether helpseeking attitudes have become more or less positive. The aim of the current study was to help clarify this issue using a cross-temporal meta-analysis of scores on Fischer and Turner's (1970) helpseeking attitude measure among university students (N=6796) from 1968 to 2008...
March 2014: Clinical Psychology Review
G Meyer
The development of the gambling market in the Federal Republic of Germany since the middle of the seventies and data on pathological gamblers seeking help are described. The continuously increasing supply, together with increases in turnover, was followed-with some temporal delay-by an increase in the number of gamblers who sought advice and treatment. Preliminary measures taken by the health authorities as well as some consequences of pathological gambling are discussed.
March 1992: Journal of Gambling Studies
Jaswant Guzder, Sennait Yohannes, Phyllis Zelkowitz
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study of the perceptions of native-born Canadian and immigrant parents whose children attended a psychiatric day hospital for significant behavior impairment, focused on parental helpseeking pathways, explanatory models of mental health, and referral or access experiences. METHODS: A sample of ten immigrant and ten native born parents were recruited for semi-structured interviews analyzed thematically to discern similarities and differences between the two groups...
November 2013: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
A van Drie, R R Ganzevoort, M Spiering
Anonymous pastoral care is one of the options for help in problems pertaining to sexuality. This paper explores the topics they seek help for, the religious aspects involved, and the relation between the normativity of their church tradition on the one hand and sexual and spiritual health criteria on the other. We analyzed helpseeking questions of two protestant Christian organizations in the Netherlands providing anonymous pastoral care: Refoweb and EO-Nazorg. Sexual themes were addressed in 19 and 2.3 % of the submitted questions, respectively...
December 2014: Journal of Religion and Health
Sylke Andreas, Martin Härter, Jana Volkert, Maria Hausberg, Susanne Sehner, Karl Wegscheider, Sven Rabung, Berta Ausín, Alessandra Canuto, Chiara Da Ronch, Luigi Grassi, Yael Hershkovitz, Paul Lelliott, Manuel Muñoz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Arieh Shalev, Jens Siegert, Kerstin Weber, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Koch, Holger Schulz
BACKGROUND: The EU currently lacks reliable data on the prevalence and incidence of mental disorders in older people. Despite the availability of several national and international epidemiological studies, the size and burden of mental disorders in the elderly remain unclear due to various reasons. Therefore, the aims of the MentDis_ICF65+ study are (1) to adapt existing assessment instruments, and (2) to collect data on the prevalence, the incidence, and the natural course and prognosis of mental disorders in the elderly...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
Esther Hemelrijk, Wouter van Ballegooijen, Tara Donker, Annemieke van Straten, Ad Kerkhof
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders have been found to be related to suicidal ideation and behavior. Research in the field of web-based interventions for common mental disorders, however, usually excludes participants with a suicidal risk, although a large proportion of participants might suffer from suicidal ideation. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation in common mental disorders in an online sample. METHOD: In total, 502 participants completed nine web-based questionnaires on common mental disorders, of which 120 were also interviewed by telephone to obtain a diagnosis...
2012: Crisis
Corey S Mackenzie, Kristin Reynolds, John Cairney, David L Streiner, Jitender Sareen
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence of disorder-specific mental health service use for mood and anxiety disorders, and relationships between helpseeking and age, sex, and psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: The authors used Wave 2 data from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), which included 34,653 adults. Cross-tabulations provided helpseeking prevalence rates for five anxiety disorders and three mood disorders by age and sex, as well as for individuals with and without comorbid anxiety and mood disorders...
March 2012: Depression and Anxiety
Emily M Douglas, Denise A Hines
For over 30 years, research has shown that men can and do sustain intimate partner violence (IPV) from their female partners. This is the first large-scale, nationally-based, quantitative study to systematically detail the helpseeking experiences of men who have sustained IPV from their female partners. The sample is composed of 302 men who were recruited from resources specializing in men's issues. Results indicate that men who seek help for IPV victimization have the most positive experiences in seeking help from family/friends, and mental health and medical providers...
August 2011: Journal of Family Violence
Denise A Hines, Emily M Douglas
Extensive work has documented an association between sustaining intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women, yet little research has documented the same association in men, even though men comprise 25-50% of all IPV victims in a given year. Previous studies also show that women who sustain intimate terrorism (IT), a form of IPV that is characterized by much violence and controlling behavior, are at even greater risk for PTSD than women who sustain common couple violence (CCV), a lower level of more minor, reciprocal IPV...
April 2011: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
Arthur L Greil, Katherine M Johnson, Julia McQuillan, Naomi Lacy
Women with prior pregnancy but no live birth are inconsistently termed as either 'primary infertile' or 'secondary infertile' in psychosocial studies of infertile women. The goal of this study was to discover whether infertile women who had experienced pregnancies but no live births were more similar in attitudes and behaviour to infertile women who had not experienced pregnancies or to those who had live births. We used the National Survey of Fertility Barriers (NSFB), which contains self-reported data from a probability-based sample of US women aged between 25 and 45, to accomplish our goal...
September 2011: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Lois Magnussen, Jan Shoultz, Karol Richardson, Mary Frances Oneha, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Doris Segal Matsunaga, Selynda Mori Selifis, Merina Sapolu, Mariama Samifua, Helena Manzano, Cindy Spencer, Cristina Arias
This paper presents the findings from a community based participatory research (CBPR) study that investigated the interface between culture and intimate partner violence (IPV) for women in selected cultural groups in Hawaii: Native Hawaiian, Filipino, Samoan, and Chuukese. The research question was, "What are the cultural perceptions, responses, and needs regarding IPV of selected individuals and groups served through a variety of programs that are affiliated with the three participating Community Health Centers (CHCs)?" This cross sectional, descriptive study collected both qualitative and quantitative data...
January 2011: Hawaii Medical Journal
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