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Violence risk management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439372/work-related-threats-and-violence-in-human-service-sectors-the-importance-of-the-psycho-social-work-environment-examined-in-a-multilevel-prospective-study
#1
Lars Peter Andersen, Annie Hogh, Karin Biering, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard
BACKGROUND: Threats and violence at work are major concerns for employees in many human service sectors. The prevention of work-related violence is a major challenge for employees and management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify prospective associations between psycho-social work environment and work-related threats and violence in four high risk human service sectors. METHODS: Questionnaire data was collected from 3011 employees working at psychiatric wards, in the elder sector, in the Prison and Probation Service and at Special Schools...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#2
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422940/strength-based-assessment-for-future-violence-risk-a-retrospective-validation-study-of-the-structured-assessment-of-protective-factors-for-violence-risk-saprof-japanese-version-in-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#3
Hiroko Kashiwagi, Akiko Kikuchi, Mayuko Koyama, Daisuke Saito, Naotsugu Hirabayashi
Background: The Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) was recently developed as a strength-based addition to the risk assessment of future violent behavior. We examined the interrater reliability and predictive accuracy of the SAPROF for violence in forensic mental health inpatient units in Japan. Methods: This retrospective record study provides an initial validation of the SAPROF in a Japanese sample of 95 forensic psychiatric inpatients from a complete 2008-2013 cohort...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413069/incidence-type-related-factors-and-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-mental-health-nurses-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Bing Xiang Yang, Teresa E Stone, Marcia A Petrini, Diana L Morris
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence and its impact on mental health nurses have yet to be thoroughly explored in China. This study aims to investigate the incidence, type, related factors, and effects of workplace violence on mental health nurses as well as identifying coping strategies. METHODS: A researcher - designed workplace violence questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were distributed to nurses at a mental health hospital in Wuhan, China...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#5
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394893/influence-of-indoor-work-environments-on-health-safety-and-human-rights-among-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-guatemala-mexico-border-a-call-for-occupational-health-and-safety-interventions
#6
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366396/assessment-and-response-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-home-visitation-a-qualitative-needs-assessment-with-home-visitors-in-a-statewide-program
#7
Danielle M Davidov, Jessica Coffman, Angela Dyer, Thomas K Bias, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Emily Vasile, Christiaan G Abildso
There is growing recognition that home visitation programs serving at-risk families may be an appropriate mechanism for detecting and reducing intimate partner violence (IPV). More research is needed about how home visitors assess and respond to IPV, especially in rural and underserved areas with unique social and geographic challenges. This study describes the qualitative, needs assessment phase of a larger mixed-methods evaluation of IPV assessment, referral processes, and safety planning with clients within a statewide home visitation program...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#8
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320548/primed-for-death-law-enforcement-citizen-homicides-social-media-and-retaliatory-violence
#9
Vladimir Bejan, Matthew Hickman, William S Parkin, Veronica F Pozo
We examine whether retaliatory violence exists between law enforcement and citizens while controlling for any social media contagion effect related to prior fatal encounters. Analyzed using a trivariate dynamic structural vector-autoregressive model, daily time-series data over a 21-month period captured the frequencies of police killed in the line of duty, police deadly use of force incidents, and social media coverage. The results support a significant retaliatory violence effect against minorities by police, yet there is no evidence of retaliatory violence against law enforcement officers by minorities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296104/addressing-the-dual-health-epidemics-of-hiv-and-sexual-abuse-among-children-and-adolescents-in-kenya-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#10
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294737/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-among-north-korean-refugees-a-comparison-with-south-koreans
#11
Boyoung Nam, Jae Yop Kim, Wonjung Ryu
North Korean refugees in South Korea have been reported as at higher risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, few studies have examined risk factors of IPV among North Korean refugees. This study aimed to report the prevalence of IPV against women among North Korean refugees, and compared the risk factors of IPV against women between South Koreans and North Korean refugees in South Korea. Data from a nationwide survey about domestic violence in South Korea were used. The rate of IPV against women by North Korean refugees was 57...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284378/assessing-protective-factors-for-violence-risk-in-u-k-general-mental-health-services-using-the-structured-assessment-of-protective-factors
#12
Alina Haines, Andrew Brown, Syed Fahad Javaid, Fayyaz Khan, Steve Noblett, Oladipupo Omodunbi, Khurram Sadiq, Wahid Zaman, Richard Whittington
Violence risk assessment and management are key tasks in mental health services and should be guided by validated instruments covering both risk and protective factors. This article is part of an international effort to validate the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors (SAPROF) for violence. The SAPROF, Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20 (HCR-20) and the Psychopathy Checklist-Screening Version (PCL-SV) were administered in a sample of 261 patients in U.K. forensic, general inpatient, and community mental health settings...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276631/workplace-violence-toward-mental-healthcare-workers-employed-in-psychiatric-wards
#13
REVIEW
Gabriele d'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani
Background: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in psychiatric inpatient wards is a serious occupational issue that involves both staff and patients; the consequences of WPV may include increased service costs and lower standards of care. The purpose of this review was to evaluate which topics have been focused on in the literature and which are new in approaching the concern of patient violence against HCWs employed in psychiatric inpatient wards, in the past 20 years...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249846/development-and-implementation-of-a-screen-and-refer-approach-to-addressing-maternal-depression-substance-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-home-visiting-clients
#14
Sarah Dauber, Tiffany John, Aaron Hogue, Jessica Nugent, Gina Hernandez
Perinatal maternal depression (MD), substance use (SU), and intimate partner violence (IPV) are critical public health concerns with significant negative impacts on child development. Bolstering the capacity of home visiting (HV) programs to address these significant risk factors has potential to improve child and family outcomes. This study presents a description and mixed-methods feasibility evaluation of the "Home Visitation Enhancing Linkages Project (HELP)," a screen-and-refer approach to addressing MD, SU, and IPV within HV aimed at improving risk identification and linkage to treatment among HV clients...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233167/interventions-for-domestic-violence-among-pregnant-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito, Debra Anderson
BACKGROUND: Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is still in its infancy, and the majority of findings are primarily from high-income countries (HICs). Therefore, there is an urgent need for generating evidence of DV interventions among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines will be employed to structure the review...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#16
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213191/how-mothers-in-poverty-explain-their-use-of-corporal-punishment-a-qualitative-study-in-kampala-uganda
#17
Nicola Boydell, Winifred Nalukenge, Godfrey Siu, Janet Seeley, Daniel Wight
Corporal punishment in the early years is associated with anti-social behaviour and violence, but little is known about its social and cultural context in low income countries. This paper analyses how 12 deprived women in Kampala, Uganda, perceived corporal punishment, drawing on repeated semi-structured interviews. All thought it was sometimes necessary, for three main reasons. First, it was an important strategy to ensure good behaviour and maintain their and their child's, respectability, crucial to self-respect given severe poverty...
November 2017: European Journal of Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184321/rapid-response-to-syphilis-outbreak-among-female-sex-workers
#18
Shaily B Surti, J K Kosambiya, Neeta Khokhar, Mohamedanas Mohamedfaruk Patni, Alpesh H Gohil, Zeel N Kamdar, Dipak Umrigar, Ragini Verma, Summaiya Mulla
Background: Outbreak of syphilis, i.e., 16 cases of rapid plasma reagin (RPR) reactive cases of syphilis was reported in Community Based Organization (CBO) Sahyog of Surat, India, from April to August 2014. The aim of the study was to find risk factors and take immediate actions to prevent spread. Materials and Methods: Outbreak investigation of 16 Female Sex Workers of CBO Sahyog in Surat who were found Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) and Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay (TPHA) positive from April to August 2014; was carried out...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172574/gender-and-violence-risk-assessment-in-prisons
#19
Janet I Warren, James M Wellbeloved-Stone, Park E Dietz, Sara B Millspaugh
Our study examines the association between Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20: Version 2; Psychopathy Checklist-Revised; and Violence Risk Assessment Guide scores and violence perpetrated during incarceration by male and female inmates. Using a sample of 288 men and 183 women selected from prisons in 2 states, we used receiver operating characteristics analyses to assess the potential of these 3 measures to predict threatened, physical, or sexual prison violence measured in 2 ways: inmate self-report and formal institutional infractions...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161680/prediction-of-violent-crime-on-discharge-from-secure-psychiatric-hospitals-a-clinical-prediction-rule-fovox
#20
A Wolf, T R Fanshawe, A Sariaslan, R Cornish, H Larsson, S Fazel
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to assess violence risk in secure hospitals are resource intensive, limited by accuracy and authorship bias and may have reached a performance ceiling. This study seeks to develop scalable predictive models for violent offending following discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: We identified all patients discharged from secure hospitals in Sweden between January 1, 1992 and December 31, 2013. Using multiple Cox regression, pre-specified criminal, sociodemographic, and clinical risk factors were included in a model that was tested for discrimination and calibration in the prediction of violent crime at 12 and 24 months post-discharge...
August 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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