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Violence risk management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076443/predicting-reoffending-using-the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-youth-savry-a-5-year-follow-up-study-of-male-juvenile-offenders-in-hunan-province-china
#1
Jiansong Zhou, Katrina Witt, Xia Cao, Chen Chen, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Juvenile violent offending is a serious worldwide public health issue. OBJECTIVE: The study examined whether the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) can be used to predict violent reoffending in Chinese male juvenile offenders, and to determine which risk/protective domains (items) are associated with violent recidivism. METHODS: A total of 246 male juvenile offenders were recruited. SAVRY domains were scored by trained raters based on file review and interviews with participants and their legal guardians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050406/a-study-of-workplace-violence-experienced-by-doctors-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-south-delhi-india
#2
Mukesh Kumar, Madhur Verma, Timiresh Das, Geeta Pardeshi, Jugal Kishore, Arun Padmanandan
INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidences of violence against doctors in their workplaces are an important reason for stress among these healthcare workers. Many incidences of workplace violence against doctors have been reported in the past and are also being continuously reported from different parts of the country as well as the world. AIM: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence among doctors and to study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017895/mobbing-among-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project
#3
Myriam Tong, René Schwendimann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: As a category of bullying, mobbing is a form of violence in the workplace that damages the employing organization as well as the targeted employee. In Europe, the overall prevalence of mobbing in healthcare is estimated at 4%. However, few studies have explored mobbing among long-term care workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the frequency of mobbing in Swiss nursing homes and its relationships with care workers' (i.e. registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, assistant nurse, nurse aide) health status, job satisfaction, and intention to leave, and to explore the work environment as a contributing factor to mobbing...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998319/leading-indicators-of-community-based-violent-events-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#4
R A Van Dorn, K J Grimm, S L Desmarais, S J Tueller, K L Johnson, M S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The public health, public safety and clinical implications of violent events among adults with mental illness are significant; however, the causes and consequences of violence and victimization among adults with mental illness are complex and not well understood, which limits the effectiveness of clinical interventions and risk management strategies. This study examined interrelationships between violence, victimization, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, homelessness and in-patient treatment over time...
December 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996984/-consensus-document-a-model-of-integrated-management-of-patients-with-psycomotor-agitation
#5
(no author information available yet)
Psychomotor agitation (PMA) is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome associated with a widenumber of pathological conditions. The currently available recommendations and guidelines on PMA correct assessment and management are significantly dishomogeneous and suffer from a lack of standardization, especially regarding pharmacological interventions. Based on this deficiency, and on multidisciplinary nature of PMA, that includes factors shared by different health professionals other than pharmacoeconomic and risk management aspects, we started a project aimed to elaborate a shared model of integrated management for PMA patients...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979607/psychometric-properties-of-the-management-of-aggression-and-violence-attitude-scale-in-hong-kong-s-emergency-care-setting
#6
Wai Kit Wong, Wai Tong Chien
BACKGROUND: Emergency unit is one of the most high-risk areas for patient violence. However, in Hong Kong, little research has been test psychometric properties of assessment tool of Emergency unit nurses' attitude toward violence. METHODS: The Management of Aggression and Violence Attitude Scale's (MAVASs) Scale- and Item-Content Validity Index were established by 5-experts panel. A convenience sample of 123 nurses working in 4 public Emergency Department in Hong Kong was recruited...
December 12, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965330/approach-to-risk-identification-in-undifferentiated-mental-disorders
#7
REVIEW
José Silveira, Patricia Rockman, Casey Fulford, Jon Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To provide primary care physicians with a novel approach to risk identification and related clinical decision making in the management of undifferentiated mental disorders. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: We conducted a review of the literature in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar using the search terms diagnostic uncertainty, diagnosis, risk identification, risk assessment/methods, risk, risk factors, risk management/methods, cognitive biases and psychiatry, decision making, mental disorders/diagnosis, clinical competence, evidence-based medicine, interviews as topic, psychiatry/education, psychiatry/methods, documentation/methods, forensic psychiatry/education, forensic psychiatry/methods, mental disorders/classification, mental disorders/psychology, violence/prevention and control, and violence/psychology...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941087/enhancing-the-safety-climate-and-reducing-violence-against-staff-in-closed-hospital-wards
#8
Valerie Isaak, Dana Vashdi, Dor Bar-Noy, Hava Kostisky, Shmuel Hirschmann, Alexander Grinshpoon
This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention program to enhance unit safety climate and minimize employee risk of injury from patient violence. The intervention program, including a 3-day workshop, was offered to personnel on maximum security units of an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Safety climate was examined before and after the implementation of the intervention, and incidents of patient violence were investigated. Six months after the intervention, a significant improvement in employees' perceptions of management's commitment to safety as well as a marginally significant improvement in communication about safety issues were found...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891723/the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
J Hounsome, R Whittington, A Brown, B Greenhill, J McGuire
BACKGROUND: While structured professional judgement approaches to assessing and managing the risk of violence have been extensively examined in mental health/forensic settings, the application of the findings to people with an intellectual disability is less extensively researched and reviewed. This review aimed to assess whether risk assessment tools have adequate predictive validity for violence in adults with an intellectual disability. METHODS: Standard systematic review methodology was used to identify and synthesize appropriate studies...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891354/emerging-trends-of-intentional-firearm-injuries-in-northern-india-a-study
#10
Iram Khan, Mohammad Shakeel, Jawed Ahmad Usmani, Syed Abrar Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries are facing rise in firearm injury cases owing to communal and ethnic clashes, political violence, armed robberies and suicide causing huge economic loss to society. On the basis of intention, injuries can be categorized as intentional and unintentional or accidental injuries. Intentional injuries will include suicidal, homicidal and assault related injuries. AIM: This study was undertaken to document the trends and patterns associated with intentional firearm injuries in order to suggest ways to curb the emerging trends...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#11
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#12
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859545/targeted-violence-against-law-enforcement-officers
#13
Ronald Schouten, Douglas V Brennan
As highly visible representatives and guardians of society, law enforcement officers (LEOs) are very public figures. Injury or death in the line of duty, whether due to accidents or intentional acts of violence, is an occupational hazard for LEOs. Targeted assaults on police officers, referred to as ambushes in previous literature, are a particularly perplexing problem with significant implications for society at large. In the summer of 2016, the latest in a series of high-profile acts of violence aimed at police occurred, leading to increased examination of the acts themselves and their causes...
September 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852947/psychological-distress-and-associated-factors-among-mexican-american-adolescent-females
#14
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
INTRODUCTION: Mental health literacy is a critical component of adolescent health enabling recognition, management, and prevention of psychological distress. Adolescents engaging in risk behaviors and experiencing interpersonal violence, substance use, and pregnancy are at high risk for psychological distress. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data collected via a control randomized trial among Mexican American females (aged 14-18 years; N = 461) experiencing high-risk sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, and sexually transmitted infection was conducted with comparisons of psychological distress by pregnancy status...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836160/sex-offender-risk-assessment-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Brad D Booth, Drew A Kingston
Sexual violence is common and can have profound effects on victims compared with other forms of violence. This violence includes unwelcome and forced sexual contact on adults or children. Assessment of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence starts with a comprehensive biopsychosocial evaluation after a finding of guilt. Clinicians should then evaluate risk. Based on this assessment, a risk management plan should be developed, directed at the specific risk of the offender. Management options include external control (eg, incarceration, probation), psychotherapeutic interventions, pharmacologic interventions, and treatment of comorbidity...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836159/stalking-and-violence
#16
REVIEW
Britta Ostermeyer, Susan Hatters Friedman, Renee Sorrentino, Brad D Booth
The three widely known stalker classifications assist in categorizing stalkers, which allows for better management of violence risk. Although 80% of stalking is done by men, women also engage in stalking, and their violence risk should not be underestimated. Juvenile stalkers do exist and juvenile stalking is also associated with violence. Clinicians can become a victim of stalking and may become victims of stalking by proxy, a special type of stalking behavior where the stalker involves other people or agencies to communicate with or track their victim...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836154/workplace-violence-practical-considerations-for-mental-health-professionals-in-consultation-assessment-and-management-of-risk
#17
REVIEW
Philip Saragoza, Stephen G White
Workplace predatory violence has been the focus of increased study over the past 30 years, leading to a more sophisticated understanding of the factors that contribute to it, and important considerations for its assessment and management. Risk assessment professionals involved in workplace violence consultations should be mindful of issues specific to the workplace context and the principles of threat assessment to provide a more precise opinion of risk, to inform and enhance critical decisions regarding the employment status of the individual of concern, security measures, possible treatment options, and other management responses, while being mindful of the employee's certain rights...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819436/does-reassessment-of-risk-improve-predictions-a-framework-and-examination-of-the-savry-and-yls-cmi
#18
Jodi L Viljoen, Andrew L Gray, Catherine Shaffer, Aisha Bhanwer, Donna Tafreshi, Kevin S Douglas
Although experts recommend regularly reassessing adolescents' risk for violence, it is unclear whether reassessment improves predictions. Thus, in this prospective study, the authors tested 3 hypotheses as to why reassessment might improve predictions, namely the shelf-life, dynamic change, and familiarity hypotheses. Research assistants (RAs) rated youth on the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) every 3 months over a 1-year period, conducting 624 risk assessments with 156 youth on probation...
November 7, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797547/risk-assessment-matters-but-only-when-implemented-well-a-multisite-study-in-juvenile-probation
#19
Gina M Vincent, Laura S Guy, Rachael T Perrault, Bernice Gershenson
There is a strong movement toward juvenile justice agencies' use of risk assessment and risk-need-responsivity approaches to improve case management decisions for young offenders. However, little is known about whether adoption of risk assessment actually effectuates any changes in the way young offenders are handled. This was a multisite study of the impact on case processing of implementation of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) or Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory in 6 juvenile probation offices using a prepost design and 1,694 propensity score-matched young offenders...
December 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774246/inherited-proclivity-when-should-neurogenetics-mitigate-moral-culpability-for-purposes-of-sentencing
#20
J Bradley Segal
Certain genes and neurobiology ('neurogenetics') may predispose some people to violent behavior. Increasingly, defendants introduce neurogenetic evidence as a mitigating factor during criminal sentencing. Identifying the cause of a criminal act, biological or otherwise, does not necessarily preclude moral or legal liability. However, valid scientific evidence of an inherited proclivity sometimes should be considered when evaluating whether a defendant is less morally culpable for a crime and perhaps less deserving of punishment...
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
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