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Violence risk management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506012/i-see-so-i-feel-coping-with-workplace-violence-among-victims-and-witnesses
#1
Biru Zhou, Stéphane Guay, Alain Marchand
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious concern for workers' mental health and well-being in high risk work sectors. OBJECTIVE: This study examined victims' and witnesses' experiences after exposure to workplace violence, and the types of help they used to cope with the violent event. METHODS: Workers (n = 211) from five different work sectors participated in our study. Multiple mediation analysis was used to investigate the indirect effects through psychological and work consequences on victims' versus witnesses' differential likelihood of using formal, paraformal and informal helping...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479143/identification-of-low-risk-of-violent-crime-in-severe-mental-illness-with-a-clinical-prediction-tool-oxford-mental-illness-and-violence-tool-oxmiv-a-derivation-and-validation-study
#2
Seena Fazel, Achim Wolf, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Susan Mallett, Thomas R Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to stratify patients with psychiatric disorders into groups on the basis of violence risk are limited by inconsistency, variable accuracy, and unscalability. To address the need for a scalable and valid tool to assess violence risk in patients with schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder, we describe the derivation of a score based on routinely collected factors and present findings from external validation. METHODS: On the basis of a national cohort of 75 158 Swedish individuals aged 15-65 years with a diagnosis of severe mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder) with 574 018 patient episodes between Jan 1, 2001, and Dec 31, 2008, we developed predictive models for violent offending (primary outcome) within 1 year of hospital discharge for inpatients or clinical contact with psychiatric services for outpatients (patient episode) through linkage of population-based registers...
May 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454539/workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-the-gambia-mixed-methods-design
#3
Ebrima J Sisawo, Saide Yacine Y Arsène Ouédraogo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, perpetrators and factors associated with workplace violence against nurses in public secondary health care facilities from two health regions in the Gambia. METHODS: Data was collected from 219 nurses using self-administered questionnaire and 35 face-to-face interviews. The data collection was conducted between July and September 2014 in 14 public secondary health care facilities. RESULTS: A sizable majority of respondents (62...
April 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412581/workplace-violence-against-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Liuyi Zhang, Anni Wang, Xia Xie, Yanhong Zhou, Jing Li, Lijun Yang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious problem for clinical nurses, as it leads to a series of adverse consequences. However, little information is available on the prevalence and influencing factors of workplace violence in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses, and its influencing factors. DESIGN: A multi-center, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The seven geographical regions (i...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394718/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-for-depression-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-queer-youth-a-systematic-review
#5
William J Hall
Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer (LGBQ) youth suffer from depression. Identifying modifiable risk and protective factors for depression can inform the development of psychosocial interventions. The aim of this review is to evaluate the methodological characteristics and summarize the substantive findings of studies examining psychosocial risk and protective factors for depression among LGBQ youth. Eight bibliographic databases were searched, and 35 studies that met all inclusion criteria were included for review...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383982/are-adolescent-risk-assessment-tools-sensitive-to-change-a-framework-and-examination-of-the-savry-and-the-yls-cmi
#6
Jodi L Viljoen, Catherine S Shaffer, Andrew L Gray, Kevin S Douglas
Although many adolescent risk assessment tools include an emphasis on dynamic factors, little research has examined the extent to which these tools are capable of measuring change. In this article, we outline a framework to evaluate a tool's capacity to measure change. This framework includes the following: (a) measurement error and reliable change, and (b) sensitivity (i.e., internal, external, and relative sensitivity). We then used this framework to evaluate the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)...
April 6, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383980/risk-assessment-and-the-prevention-of-radicalization-from-nonviolence-into-terrorism
#7
Kiran M Sarma
This article considers the challenges associated with completing risk assessments in countering violent extremism. In particular, it is concerned with risk assessment of those who come to the attention of government and nongovernment organizations as being potentially on a trajectory toward terrorism and where there is an obligation to consider the potential future risk that they may pose. Risk assessment in this context is fraught with difficulty, primarily due to the variable nature of terrorism, the low base-rate problem, and the dearth of strong evidence on relevant risk and resilience factors...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383621/-violence-on-health-care-workers
#8
M Cannavò, N Fusaro, F Colaiuda, G Rescigno, M Fioravanti
OBJECTIVES: The Emergency Department (ED) is vulnerable for workplace violence, but little is known about this and its consequences. Objectives of this study were presence, characteristics and effects of violence from patients and visitors on health care workers in an Emergency Department (ED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was about the Accident and Emergency Department, S. Pertini Hospital, (ASL RMB, Rome, Italy). Data were collected from November 2014 to January 2015 on frequency and type of violent behavior in the past five years experienced by staff members and their level of stress by an ad hoc questionnaire for the evaluation of violent events in health activities (QVS) and a questionnaire on perceived work-related stress (QES)...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363385/lateral-violence-in-nursing-implications-and-strategies-for-nurse-educators
#9
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr, Peggy Ward-Smith
Lateral violence among nurses persists as a prevalent problem, contributing to psychological distress, staff turnover, and attrition. Newly graduated nurses are at particular risk for being targets of lateral violence and experiencing its negative sequelae. Preparing student nurses to respond to lateral violence prior to entering the nursing may alter this scenario. A review of the literature was conducted to determine the potential for nursing faculty to change the cycle of lateral violence. Based on this review, we recommend 3 main strategies, specifically for nursing faculty, aimed at reducing incidences of lateral violence and preparing students to manage this phenomenon...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351293/the-synergy-of-the-refugee-crisis-and-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-impact-on-mental-health
#10
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, George Giannakopoulos, Nikos G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The current global financial crisis that started in 2008 resulted in a significant decline in global trade, slowing/reversing economic growth worldwide, and a dramatic increase in public sector debt. At the same time, the global migrant/refugee crisis has reached extreme rates, with millions of people being forced to abandon their homes and communities because of war, political violence or related threats. There is a broad consensus about the deleterious consequences of these crises on psychological well-being, depression, anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol abuse and suicidal behavior...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350510/a-qualitative-study-of-a-maintenance-support-program-for-women-at-risk-of-homelessness-part-3-societal-factors
#11
Rose McMaster, Violeta Lopez, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
Homelessness is a collective societal problem, and people who are homeless are often treated as society's underclass, stigmatised and excluded. These issues are often exacerbated among homeless people from countries other than the one in which they are currently living. In this paper we report findings from a qualitative study of homeless women, case managers and health professionals from a Maintenance Support Program and their personal accounts and insights into their experiences of the program. This paper presents the third and last sub-theme "societal factors" of the study where the overarching theme was "A life-changing event: I have the power to change...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329924/-reduction-and-control-of-school-bullying-is-urgently-needed
#12
Y J Zhao, S Y Wang
School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317513/trait-anger-and-partner-specific-anger-management-moderate-the-temporal-association-between-alcohol-use-and-dating-violence
#13
Ryan C Shorey, James K McNulty, Todd M Moore, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates alcohol temporally precedes and increases the odds of violence between intimate partners. However, despite an extensive theoretical literature on factors that likely moderate the relationship between alcohol and dating violence, minimal empirical research has examined such moderators. METHOD: The purpose of the present study was to examine two potential moderators of this association: trait anger and partner-specific anger management...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270459/translating-into-practice-data-about-violent-women
#14
Jessica Ferranti
There is a growing body of medical literature supporting the presence of unique risk factor profiles in women who are violent, of much higher violence risk, and who are psychiatric inpatients. Building on the existing literature on violence risk in women, Beck and colleagues contribute an excellent example of how skilled analysis of violence risk factors and typology of violence can translate to evidence-based strategies for management and treatment of aggression. Beck et al. postulate a possible unrecognized syndrome of cognitive impairment, chronic and severe aggression, and self-harm in a subgroup of highly aggressive women inpatients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219026/cognitive-remediation-and-social-cognitive-training-for-violence-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
A significant correlation exists between violence and schizophrenia (SCZ). Recent studies matched some cognitive deficits like strong risk factors for violence with interesting applications in terms of treatment. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) and social cognitive training (SCT) in the management of violent and aggressive behaviors in SCZ. METHODS: The electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ScienceDirect were searched in, using combinations of terms relating to SCZ, CR and violence...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186957/violence-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-violence-during-pregnancy
#16
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Miha Lučovnik, Tanja Premru Sršen, Vesna Leskošek, Megie Krajnc, Lucija Pavše, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among different forms of violence before and during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire (adapted NorAQ) was given to 1269 women after childbirth. RESULTS: The response rate was 80% (n=1018). Different forms of violence were experienced by 46.9% of the women; 9.2% reported violence in pregnancy. Suffering from the consequences of violence was reported by 43.8% of the women; sexual (76...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165848/prevalence-and-risk-factors-ofworkplace-violence-towardmental-health-staff-departments-in-jordanian-hospitals
#17
Manar Al-Azzam, Loai Tawalbeh, Mohammad Sulaiman, Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Eman Harb
A cross-sectional study (n = 262) was conducted to assess the prevalence of workplace violence among mental health departments staff in Jordan. The findings showed that 67.2% of the respondents were victims of at least one violent incident in the last year. Verbal abuse was the most reported type of violence. Patients were considered as the main source of violence. The contributing factors to workplace violence include being unmarried and working longer shifts. Sadly, just being a healthcare worker was found to also be a factor in the incidence of increased workplace violence...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130894/the-implementation-of-state-mandated-standards-for-batterer-intervention-programs-the-colorado-experience
#18
Tara N Richards, Angela R Gover, Elizabeth A Tomsich, Jesse Hansen, Cheryl R Davis
The current research examines Colorado’s experience implementing evidence-based mandated treatment <em>Standards</em>, which use a uniform risk assessment, differentiated treatment levels, offender competencies, and a multidisciplinary treatment team (MTT) composed of a victim advocate, probation officer, and treatment provider to manage offender treatment. Using data from MTT member surveys (<em>n</em> = 107) and follow-up interviews (<em>n</em> = 14), the study investigates perceptions of implementation and treatment fidelity, MTT decision making and communication, and the process of successful treatment completion...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127117/the-influence-of-victim-vulnerability-and-gender-on-police-officers-assessment-of-intimate-partner-violence-risk
#19
Jennifer E Storey, Susanne Strand
This study investigated the influence of victim vulnerability factors and gender on risk assessment for intimate partner violence (IPV). 867 cases of male and female perpetrated IPV investigated by Swedish police officers using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER) were examined. For male-to-female IPV, victim vulnerability factors were associated with summary risk judgments and risk management recommendations. For female-to-male IPV, vulnerability factors were more often omitted, and consistent associations were not found between vulnerability factors, summary risk judgments, and risk management...
2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107050/evaluation-of-a-responsible-beverage-service-and-enforcement-program-effects-on-bar-patron-intoxication-and-potential-impaired-driving-by-young-adults
#20
James C Fell, Deborah A Fisher, Jie Yao, A Scott McKnight
OBJECTIVE: Studies of alcohol-related harm (violence, injury, illness) suggest that the most significant risk factors are the amount of alcohol consumed and whether obviously intoxicated patrons continue to be served. This study's objective was to investigate the effects of a responsible beverage service (RBS)/enhanced alcohol enforcement intervention on bars, bar patrons, and impaired driving. METHOD: Two communities-Monroe County, New York, and Cleveland, Ohio-participated in a demonstration program and evaluation...
January 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
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