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Violence risk management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648841/do-risk-assessment-tools-help-manage-and-reduce-risk-of-violence-and-reoffending-a-systematic-review
#1
Jodi L Viljoen, Dana M Cochrane, Melissa R Jonnson
Although it is widely believed that risk assessment tools can help manage risk of violence and offending, it is unclear what evidence exists to support this view. As such, we conducted a systematic review and narrative synthesis. To identify studies, we searched 13 databases, reviewed reference lists, and contacted experts. Through this review, we identified 73 published and unpublished studies (N = 31,551 psychiatric patients and offenders, N = 10,002 professionals) that examined either professionals' risk management efforts following the use of a tool, or rates of violence or offending following the implementation of a tool...
April 12, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644987/preventing-and-managing-workplace-violence-against-healthcare-workers-in-emergency-departments
#2
Gabriele D'Ettorre, Vincenza Pellicani, Mauro Mazzotta, Annamaria Vullo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in Emergency Departments (EDs) frequently face with patients becoming violent because of long wait or diseases or under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Globally, workplace violence (WPV) in EDs is a major challenge to safety for HCWs, involving significant consequences to the victims, patients, and healthcare organizations. We reviewed the current literature with the aim to explore the topics focused on and to detect new evidences about approaching the issue of WPV toward HCWs in EDs...
February 21, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600396/-you-worry-cause-you-want-to-give-a-reasonable-account-of-yourself-gender-identity-management-and-the-discursive-positioning-of-risk-in-men-s-and-women-s-talk-about-heterosexual-casual-sex
#3
Panteá Farvid, Virginia Braun
Heterosexual casual sex is routinely depicted as a physically, socially, and psychologically "risky" practice. This is the case in media accounts, psychological research, and other academic work. In this article, we examine 15 men's and 15 women's talk about casual sex from a discursive psychological stance to achieve two objectives. Firstly, we confirm the categories of risk typically associated with casual sex but expand these to include a domain of risks related to (gendered) identities and representation...
March 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579500/nursing-duties-and-accreditation-standards-and-their-impacts-the-nursing-perspective
#4
Parneet Jaggi, Rhonda Tomlinson, Kirstie McLelland, Warren Ma, Carol Manson-McLeod, Michael J Bullard
BACKGROUND: Medical advances and increasingly complex patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) make nursing challenging. Gaining new knowledge and skills is a perpetual requirement. New quality initiatives to improve patient safety and care are being constantly introduced and create significant work and time pressures for healthcare providers involved. STUDY QUESTION: Do ED nurses support the introduction of new quality standards, in addition to their current heavy workload? STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564140/emotional-labor-workplace-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-female-bank-employees-a-questionnaire-survey-using-the-k-els-and-k-wvs
#5
Guang Hwi Kim, Hee Sung Lee, Sung Won Jung, Jae Gwang Lee, June Hee Lee, Kyung Jae Lee, Joo Ja Kim
Background: In modern society, the scale of the service industry is continuously expanding, and the number of service workers is increasing. Correspondingly, physical and mental problems related to emotional labor are becoming a major social problem. In this study, we investigated the relationship between emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female bank employees, which is a typical service industry. Methods: In this study, the Korean Emotional Labor Scale (K-ELS) and Korean Workplace Violence Scale (K-WVS) were distributed to 381 female workers in their 20s at a bank in Seoul, Korea...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536757/concurrent-and-predictive-validity-of-the-instrument-for-forensic-treatment-evaluation-from-risk-assessment-to-routine-multidisciplinary-treatment-evaluation
#6
Erwin Schuringa, V E Heininga, Marinus Spreen, Stefan Bogaerts
Besides assessment of forensic patients' risk of future violence and criminogenic needs, knowledge on their responsivity to treatment is equally important. However, instruments currently used for risk assessment are not sensitive enough for treatment evaluation. Therefore, the Instrument for Forensic Treatment Evaluation (IFTE) was developed. The IFTE is a treatment evaluation tool, which uses the dynamic risk items of the Dutch risk assessment tool, the HKT-R (Historical, Clinical, Future-Revised). The IFTE has an extended answering scale, which makes it more sensitive for measuring change and enables clinicians to monitor patients' responsivity to treatment closely...
April 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531616/stress-factors-among-nurses-at-the-primary-and-secondary-level-of-public-sector-health-care-the-case-of-slovenia
#7
Jasmina Starc
BACKGROUND: Working in nursing is mentally and physically demanding and is one of the most stressful professions. AIM: To determine the basic causes of stress and examine the symptoms of stress among healthcare professionals at the primary and secondary level of health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was based on the descriptive and causal non-experimental method of empirical research. The independent samples t-test was used. RESULTS: The survey results have shown that those employed in nursing are exposed to stressful situations on a daily basis, most often involving psychological or physical violence in the workplace (M = 4...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519209/adaptation-resilience-and-secure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-young-south-african-female-students-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-childhood
#8
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507743/effect-of-transporting-an-evidence-based-violence-prevention-intervention-to-jamaican-preschools-on-teacher-and-class-wide-child-behaviour-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
H Baker-Henningham, S Walker
Introduction: Based on extensive piloting work, we adapted the Incredible Years (IY) teacher-training programme to the Jamaican preschool setting and evaluated this adapted version through a cluster-randomised trial. Methods: Twenty-four community preschools in Kingston, Jamaica were randomly assigned to intervention (12 schools, 37 teachers) or control (12 schools, 36 teachers). The intervention involved training teachers in classroom management through eight full-day training workshops and four individual 1-h in-class support sessions...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503832/workplace-violence-against-residents-in-emergency-department-and-reasons-for-not-reporting-them-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Gilava Hedayati Emam, Hossein Alimohammadi, Akram Zolfaghari Sadrabad, Hamidreza Hatamabadi
Introduction: Due to the stressful nature of emergency Department (ED), residents in ED are at risk of violence from patients or their associates. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence against ED residents and the reasons for not reporting them. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ED residents of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, during 2015. The national questionnaire about workplace violence was used for data gathering...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486660/consistent-use-of-assistive-devices-for-patient-transfer-is-associated-with-less-patient-initiated-violence-cross-sectional-study-among-health-care-workers-at-general-hospitals
#11
Jesper Pihl-Thingvad, Lars P A Brandt, Lars L Andersen
This study investigated whether factors related to bodily contact between health care workers and patients were associated with patient-initiated violence. This cross-sectional study surveyed 496 Danish health care workers measuring patient-initiated violence, use of assistive devices, body mass index, physical exertion, frequency of patient transfers, psychosocial work environment, gender, age, and seniority. Associations were modeled using logistic regression analyses using patient-initiated violence as the outcome...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478575/in-flight-pharmacological-management-of-patients-with-acute-mental-health-disturbance
#12
Brian Wilkinson, James Garwood, Stephen Langford
OBJECTIVE: Patients can be transferred many hundreds of kilometers with acute mental health disturbance for specialist mental health services in Western Australia. METHODS: A retrospective notes review of Royal Flying Doctor Service Western Operations records was undertaken over a 4-month period. Patients were identified from the transfer database by mental health diagnosis. Benzodiazepine and antipsychotic doses were converted into a reference drug per class for comparison...
March 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464235/occupational-violence-and-staff-safety-in-general-practice
#13
Steven Moylan
BACKGROUND: The recent death of a Victorian surgeon who was assaulted by a member of the public when leaving work has re-highlighted the risk and potential cost of violence experienced by healthcare workers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to outline the risk of occupational violence experienced by doctors, and general practitioners in particular, and to discuss practical measures that can be taken to manage this risk. DISCUSSION: The majority of doctors have experienced aggression or violence in their workplaces in the past 12 months...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439372/work-related-threats-and-violence-in-human-service-sectors-the-importance-of-the-psycho-social-work-environment-examined-in-a-multilevel-prospective-study
#14
Lars Peter Andersen, Annie Hogh, Karin Biering, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard
BACKGROUND: Threats and violence at work are major concerns for employees in many human service sectors. The prevention of work-related violence is a major challenge for employees and management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify prospective associations between psycho-social work environment and work-related threats and violence in four high risk human service sectors. METHODS: Questionnaire data was collected from 3011 employees working at psychiatric wards, in the elder sector, in the Prison and Probation Service and at Special Schools...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#15
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422940/strength-based-assessment-for-future-violence-risk-a-retrospective-validation-study-of-the-structured-assessment-of-protective-factors-for-violence-risk-saprof-japanese-version-in-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#16
Hiroko Kashiwagi, Akiko Kikuchi, Mayuko Koyama, Daisuke Saito, Naotsugu Hirabayashi
Background: The Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) was recently developed as a strength-based addition to the risk assessment of future violent behavior. We examined the interrater reliability and predictive accuracy of the SAPROF for violence in forensic mental health inpatient units in Japan. Methods: This retrospective record study provides an initial validation of the SAPROF in a Japanese sample of 95 forensic psychiatric inpatients from a complete 2008-2013 cohort...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413069/incidence-type-related-factors-and-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-mental-health-nurses-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Bing Xiang Yang, Teresa E Stone, Marcia A Petrini, Diana L Morris
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence and its impact on mental health nurses have yet to be thoroughly explored in China. This study aims to investigate the incidence, type, related factors, and effects of workplace violence on mental health nurses as well as identifying coping strategies. METHODS: A researcher - designed workplace violence questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were distributed to nurses at a mental health hospital in Wuhan, China...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#18
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394893/influence-of-indoor-work-environments-on-health-safety-and-human-rights-among-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-guatemala-mexico-border-a-call-for-occupational-health-and-safety-interventions
#19
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366396/assessment-and-response-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-home-visitation-a-qualitative-needs-assessment-with-home-visitors-in-a-statewide-program
#20
Danielle M Davidov, Jessica Coffman, Angela Dyer, Thomas K Bias, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Emily Vasile, Christiaan G Abildso
There is growing recognition that home visitation programs serving at-risk families may be an appropriate mechanism for detecting and reducing intimate partner violence (IPV). More research is needed about how home visitors assess and respond to IPV, especially in rural and underserved areas with unique social and geographic challenges. This study describes the qualitative, needs assessment phase of a larger mixed-methods evaluation of IPV assessment, referral processes, and safety planning with clients within a statewide home visitation program...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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