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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986981/the-new-subversive-geranium-some-notes-on-the-management-of-additional-troubles-in-maximum-security-prisons
#1
Alison Liebling, Ryan J Williams
In this paper, we revisit King and McDermott's 1990 article on the social construction of 'control problem' prisoners and their management in high security prisons, in the light of our recent research on the location and building of trust in contemporary high security prisons. We examine how religious and race identities are now deeply implicated in the construction of risk, and we describe the procedures for and some of the consequences of managing the new risks of radicalization and extremist violence in prison...
October 7, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979752/triangular-relationship-among-risky-sexual-behavior-addiction-and-aggression-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Seyed Alireza Javadinia, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Homa Sedghijalal
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behavior (RSB), addiction, and aggression are three important personal and social factors which influence each other. OBJECTIVE: To overview the potential relationship among RSB, addiction, and aggression to conduct an interactive model for the pathology and management of human behavior. METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Ebsco, IEEE, Scopus, Springer, MagIran, and IranMedex databases from the year 1993 to 2013...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954164/previous-experience-of-family-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-pregnancy
#3
Ana Bernarda Ludermir, Thália Velho Barreto de Araújo, Sandra Alves Valongueiro, Maria Luísa Corrêa Muniz, Elisabete Pereira Silva
OBJECTIVE: To estimate differential associations between the exposure to violence in the family of origin and victimization and perpetration of intimate partner violence in pregnancy. METHODS: A nested case-control study was carried out within a cohort study with 1,120 pregnant women aged 18-49 years old, who were registered in the Family Health Strategy of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, between 2005 and 2006. The cases were the 233 women who reported intimate partner violence in pregnancy and the controls were the 499 women who did not report it...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942751/modifiable-risk-factors-for-external-cause-mortality-after-release-from-prison-a-nested-case-control-study
#4
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927973/violence-towards-emergency-nurses-a-narrative-review-of-theories-and-frameworks
#5
REVIEW
Nicola Ramacciati, Andrea Ceccagnoli, Beniamino Addey, Enrico Lumini, Laura Rasero
INTRODUCTION: Workplace Violence in the health environment is a growing issue worldwide. Emergency department have been identified asa high-risk setting for Workplace Violence and emergency nurses are most exposed to this phenomenon. To address workplace violence in the ED effectively, it is critical to understand frameworks established in the literature to assist in development of appropriate interventions and corrective measures. An overview of available theories of violence towards emergency nurses in the literature is presented herein in the format of a narrative review...
September 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903473/baseline-anatomical-assessment-of-the-uterus-and-ovaries-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-which-assessment-methods-are-the-safest-and-most-effective-in-terms-of-improving-fertility-outcomes
#6
Sarah C Armstrong, Marian Showell, Elizabeth A Stewart, Robert W Rebar, Sheryl Vanderpoel, Cynthia M Farquhar
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the initial presentation of women who suspect that they are infertile, and how best to assess the anatomy of their uterus and ovaries in order to investigate the cause of their infertility, and potentially improve desired fertility outcomes. This review was undertaken as part of a World Health Organization initiative to assess the evidence available to address guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility within a global context. Providing access to care for infertile women will help to ease the psycho-social burdens, such as ostracization, intimate partner violence and other negative consequences of being involuntarily childless or unable to become pregnant despite desiring a biological child or children...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886752/protocol-for-the-management-of-psychiatric-patients-with-psychomotor-agitation
#7
Eduard Vieta, Marina Garriga, Laura Cardete, Miquel Bernardo, María Lombraña, Jordi Blanch, Rosa Catalán, Mireia Vázquez, Victòria Soler, Noélia Ortuño, Anabel Martínez-Arán
BACKGROUND: Psychomotor agitation (PMA) is a state of motor restlessness and mental tension that requires prompt recognition, appropriate assessment and management to minimize anxiety for the patient and reduce the risk for escalation to aggression and violence. Standardized and applicable protocols and algorithms can assist healthcare providers to identify patients at risk of PMA, achieve timely diagnosis and implement minimally invasive management strategies to ensure patient and staff safety and resolution of the episode...
September 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882749/the-consequences-of-violence-against-nurses-working-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#8
H Hassankhani, N Parizad, J Gacki-Smith, A Rahmani, E Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) in healthcare organizations can lead to serious consequences that negatively affect nurses' lives and patient care. There is limited research on the deeper, underlying consequences of WPV for emergency nurses, particularly among emergency nurses in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory design was utilized. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen nurses working in emergency departments in five hospitals in west and east Azerbaijan of Iran...
September 4, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882377/lasting-impression-of-violence-retained-bullets-and-depressive-symptoms
#9
Randi N Smith, Mark J Seamon, Vinayak Kumar, Andrew Robinson, Justine Shults, Patrick M Reilly, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: Over 70,000 nonfatal firearm injuries occur in the US annually, frequently leaving victims injured with retained bullets. The long-term psychological risks associated with retained bullets remains unstudied. By serving as a constant reminder of injury, we hypothesized that the presence of retained bullets after firearm injury is associated with increased PTSD and depression symptom severity. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study (2013-2015) of Black male survivors of firearm injury at an urban Level I trauma center...
September 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875435/client-and-partner-violence-among-urban-female-exotic-dancers-and-intentions-for-seeking-support-and-justice
#10
Michele R Decker, Jennifer E Nail, Sahnah Lim, Katherine Footer, Wendy Davis, Susan G Sherman
Urban female exotic dancers are thought to experience unique risk for violence and barriers to care, though limited research has focused on this aspect of urban sex industries. We characterize recent client-perpetrated and intimate partner violence (IPV) and their correlates, and describe women's intentions for violence-related help-seeking, among venue-based exotic dancers in a high-risk urban environment. We conducted a cross-sectional study with new female exotic dancers (n = 117) in Baltimore, MD. Over one third (36%) reported intimate partner violence (IPV), and 16% reported client physical or sexual violence, in the six months prior to the survey...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869705/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-for-prevention-and-management-of-violent-behaviour-in-psychotic-patients
#11
REVIEW
Pavel Mohr, Pavel Knytl, Veronika Voráčková, Anna Bravermanová, Tomáš Melicher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been well established that long-term antipsychotic treatment prevents relapse, lowers number of rehospitalisations, and also effectively reduces violent behaviour. Although violent behaviour is not a typical manifestation of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, the diagnosis of psychosis increases the overall risk of violence. One of the few modifiable factors of violence risk is adherence with medication. In contrast, non-adherence with drug treatment and subsequent relapse increases risk of violent acts...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#12
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858149/conducting-clinically-based-intimate-partner-violence-research-safety-protocol-recommendations
#13
Jocelyn C Anderson, Nancy E Glass, Jacquelyn C Campbell
BACKGROUND: Maintaining safety is of utmost importance during research involving participants who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Limited guidance on safety protocols to protect participants is available, particularly information related to technology-based approaches to informed consent, data collection, and contacting participants during the course of a study. PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to provide details on the safety protocol developed and utilized with women receiving care at an urban HIV clinic and who were taking part in an observational study of IPV, mental health symptoms, and substance abuse and their relationship to HIV treatment adherence...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857580/predictive-validity-of-hcr-20-start-and-static-99r-assessments-in-predicting-institutional-aggression-among-sexual-offenders
#14
Joel K Cartwright, Sarah L Desmarais, Justin Hazel, Travis Griffith, Allen Azizian
Sexual offenders are at greater risk of nonsexual than sexual violence. Yet, only a handful of studies have examined the validity of risk assessments in predicting general, nonsexual violence in this population. This study examined the predictive validity of assessments completed using the Historical-Clinical-Risk Managment-20 Version 2 (HCR-20; Webster, Douglas, Eaves, & Hart, 1997), Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START; Webster, Martin, Brink, Nicholls, & Desmarais, 2009), and Static-99R (Hanson & Thornton, 1999) in predicting institutional (nonsexual) aggression among 152 sexual offenders in a large secure forensic state hospital...
August 31, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856064/interventions-for-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-humanitarian-settings-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Marjan Delkhosh, Ali Ardalan, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Abbas Keshtkar, Leila Amiri Farahani, Effat Merghati Khoei
INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian emergencies and the number of people who are adversely affected are increasing. In such emergencies, the vulnerability of women and girls to gender-based violence increases signifi-cantly and they often experience high levels of intimate partner violence (IPV). There are a limited number of interventions to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and IPV in the contexts of humanitarian emergencies, and there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of these preventive interventions...
July 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844826/pregnant-trauma-victims-experience-nearly-2-fold-higher-mortality-compared-to-their-nonpregnant-counterparts
#16
Neha A Deshpande, Lauren M Kucirka, Randi N Smith, Corrina M Oxford
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of death in women of reproductive age, and pregnant women in particular may be at increased risk of violent trauma. Management of trauma in pregnancy is complicated by altered maternal physiology, provider expertise, potential disparate imaging, and distorted anatomy. Little is known about the impact of trauma on maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to: (1) characterize nonviolent and violent trauma among pregnant women; (2) determine whether pregnancy is associated with increased mortality following traumatic injury; and (3) identify risk factors for trauma-related death in pregnant women...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835267/workplace-violence-in-a-tertiary-care-israeli-hospital-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-types-of-violence-the-perpetrators-and-hospital-departments
#17
Sigal Shafran-Tikva, Revital Zelker, Zvi Stern, David Chinitz
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there is a widespread and disturbing pattern of violence towards healthcare workers. However, violent occurrences in Israeli hospitals have often been unrecognized and underreported. Moreover, most studies have not sufficiently differentiated among the different types of violence. To examine the different types of violence experienced by nurses and physicians, the types of perpetrators and the specialty fields involved. METHODS: A quantitative questionnaire was used to assess the incidence of a "basket" of violent behaviors, divided into eight types of violent manifestations...
August 23, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#18
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#20
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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