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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#1
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#2
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078831/perception-on-the-abortion-laws-in-sri-lanka-a-community-based-study-in-the-city-of-colombo
#3
M S Suranga, K T Silva, L Senanayake
Introduction: Abortion is legally permitted in Sri Lanka, only if it is performed to save the mother’s life. However, it is estimated that a large number of induced abortions take place in Sri Lanka. Knowledge and attitudes towards induced abortion in the society are key issues influencing the policy response towards changes in the law. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adults towards induced abortion in Sri Lanka. Methods: Six Grama Niladhari Divisions (GNDs) and five to eight housing clusters from each GND were selected from Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat Division using multi stage stratified random sampling...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062650/euthanasia-embedded-in-palliative-care-responses-to-essentialistic-criticisms-of-the-belgian-model-of-integral-end-of-life-care
#4
Jan L Bernheim, Kasper Raus
The Belgian model of 'integral' end-of-life care consists of universal access to palliative care (PC) and legally regulated euthanasia. As a first worldwide, the Flemish PC organisation has embedded euthanasia in its practice. However, some critics have declared the Belgian-model concepts of 'integral PC' and 'palliative futility' to fundamentally contradict the essence of PC. This article analyses the various essentialistic arguments for the incompatibility of euthanasia and PC. The empirical evidence from the euthanasia-permissive Benelux countries shows that since legalisation, carefulness (of decision making) at the end of life has improved and there have been no significant adverse 'slippery slope' effects...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053188/association-of-cannabis-use-with-the-development-of-elevated-anxiety-symptoms-in-the-general-population-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Conal D Twomey
BACKGROUND: The directionality and magnitude of the association of cannabis use with elevated anxiety symptoms in the general population is unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association of cannabis use with the development of elevated anxiety symptoms in the general population. METHODS: A 'random effects' meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal studies was undertaken in line with Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050118/environmental-and-health-impacts-of-using-food-waste-as-animal-feed-a-comparative-analysis-of-food-waste-management-options
#6
Ramy Salemdeeb, Erasmus K H J Zu Ermgassen, Mi Hyung Kim, Andrew Balmford, Abir Al-Tabbaa
The disposal of food waste is a large environmental problem. In the United Kingdom (UK), approximately 15 million tonnes of food are wasted each year, mostly disposed of in landfill, via composting, or anaerobic digestion (AD). European Union (EU) guidelines state that food waste should preferentially be used as animal feed though for most food waste this practice is currently illegal, because of disease control concerns. Interest in the potential diversion of food waste for animal feed is however growing, with a number of East Asian states offering working examples of safe food waste recycling - based on tight regulation and rendering food waste safe through heat treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cleaner Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031256/organ-donation-after-medical-assistance-in-dying-or-cessation-of-life-sustaining-treatment-requested-by-conscious-patients-the-canadian-context
#7
Julie Allard, Marie-Chantal Fortin
In June 2016, following the decision of the Supreme Court of Canada to decriminalise assistance in dying, the Canadian government enacted Bill C-14, legalising medical assistance in dying (MAID). In 2014, the province of Quebec had passed end-of-life care legislation making MAID available as of December 2015. The availability of MAID has many implications, including the possibility of combining this practice with organ donation through the controlled donation after cardiac death (cDCD) protocol. cDCD most often occurs in cases where the patient has a severe neurological injury but does not meet all the criteria for brain death...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973719/mitochondrial-replacement-techniques-who-are-the-potential-users-and-will-they-benefit
#8
Cathy Herbrand
In February 2015 the UK became the first country to legalise high-profile mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRTs), which involve the creation of offspring using genetic material from three individuals. The aim of these new cell reconstruction techniques is to prevent the transmission of maternally inherited mitochondrial disorders to biological offspring. During the UK debates, MRTs were often positioned as a straightforward and unique solution for the 'eradication' of mitochondrial disorders, enabling hundreds of women to have a healthy, biologically-related child...
January 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908654/alcohol-and-cannabis-comparing-their-adverse-health-effects-and-regulatory-regimes
#9
Wayne Hall
The claim that the adverse health effects of cannabis are much less serious than those of alcohol has been central to the case for cannabis legalisation. Regulators in US states that have legalised cannabis have adopted regulatory models based on alcohol. This paper critically examines the claim about adverse health effects and the wisdom of regulating cannabis like alcohol. First, it compares what we know about the adverse health effects of alcohol and cannabis. Second, it discusses the uncertainties about the long term health effects of sustained daily cannabis use...
November 28, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757962/for-love-or-money-australian-attitudes-to-financially-compensated-commercial-surrogacy
#10
Kelton Tremellen, Sam Everingham
BACKGROUND: Australian law allows for altruistic surrogacy but prohibits compensation of surrogates beyond their expenses, or the use of professional surrogacy agencies. These restrictions limit local access to surrogacy, driving Australians overseas where they can access commercial surrogacy. AIM: To assess the Australian public's views regarding the use of gestational surrogacy under various social and medical scenarios, together with their level of support for financial compensation of surrogates and the use of professional surrogacy agencies...
December 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731296/the-urgent-need-for-advance-directives-in-india
#11
Ravindra B Ghooi, Kelly Dhru, Sheela Jaywant
Many individuals at the end of life are unable to convey their wishes regarding medical treatments. Advance directives (ADs) or living wills (LWs) allow them to crystallise their wishes in a written form so that these can be carried out if the relevant situation arises. In many countries, ADs are legally valid and enforceable; they reduce the use of life-sustaining treatments, which often merely prolong life without improving or even maintaining the quality of life. Such treatment puts a financial burden on the patient's family, often leading to penury...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697954/traversing-the-triangulum-the-intersection-of-tobacco-legalised-marijuana-and-electronic-vaporisers-in-denver-colorado
#12
Emily Anne McDonald, Lucy Popova, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To explore the intersection of tobacco, legalised marijuana and electronic vaporiser use among young adults in the 'natural laboratory' of Colorado, the first state with legalised retail marijuana. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with 32 young adults (18-26 years old) in Denver, Colorado, in 2015 to understand the beliefs and practices related to the use of tobacco, marijuana and vaporisers. RESULTS: We found ambiguity about whether the phrase 'to smoke' refers to the use of tobacco or marijuana products...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644232/legalise-medicinal-cannabis-mps-urge
#13
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592339/marijuana-use-and-use-disorders-in-adults-in-the-usa-2002-14-analysis-of-annual-cross-sectional-surveys
#14
Wilson M Compton, Beth Han, Christopher M Jones, Carlos Blanco, Arthur Hughes
BACKGROUND: The study of marijuana use disorders is urgently needed because of increasing marijuana legalisation in multiple jurisdictions, the effect of marijuana use on future risk of psychiatric disorders, and deleterious effects of marijuana exposure. Thus, understanding trends of marijuana use and use disorders and examining factors that might drive these trends (eg, perceptions of harms from marijuana use) is essential. METHODS: We analysed data from US civilians aged 18 years or older who participated in annual, cross-sectional US National Surveys on Drug Use and Health from 2002 to 2014...
October 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587473/conscientious-refusal-in-healthcare-the-swedish-solution
#15
Christian Munthe
The Swedish solution to the legal handling of professional conscientious refusal in healthcare is described. No legal right to conscientious refusal for any profession or class of professional tasks exists in Sweden, regardless of the religious or moral background of the objection. The background of this can be found in strong convictions about the importance of public service provision and related civic duties, and ideals about rule of law, equality and non-discrimination. Employee's requests to change work tasks are handled on a case-by-case basis within the frames of labour law, ensuring full voluntariness, and also employer's privilege regarding the organisation and direction of work, and duties of public institutions to provide services...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498630/post-industrial-river-water-quality-fit-for-bathing-again
#16
Thomas Kistemann, Alexandra Schmidt, Hans-Curt Flemming
For the Ruhr River, bathing has been prohibited for decades. However, along with significant improvements of the hygienic water quality, there is an increasing demand of using the river for recreational purposes, in particular for bathing. In the "Safe Ruhr" interdisciplinary research project, demands, options and chances for lifting the bathing ban for the Ruhr River were investigated. As being the prominent reason for persisting recreational restrictions, microbiological water quality was in the focus of interest...
October 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491172/-early-achievements-of-the-danish-pharmaceutical-industry-8-lundbeck
#17
Jørgen V Grevsen, Hanne Kirkegaard, Edith Kruse, Poul R Kruse
The article series provides a written and pictorial account of the Danish pharmaceutical industry's products from their introduction until about 1950. Part 8 deals with products from Lundbeck. Lundbeck which today is known as a considerable international pharmaceutical company could in 2015 celebrate its 100 years' jubilee. Among the early Danish medicinal companies H. Lundbeck & Co. is in many ways an exception as the company was not originally established as a pharmaceutical company. Not until several years after the foundation the company began to import foreign ready-made medicinal products and later-on to manufacture these medicinal products in own factory and even later to do research and development of own innovative products...
2016: Theriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449318/from-collision-to-collaboration-integrating-informal-recyclers-and-re-use-operators-in-europe-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Anne Scheinberg, Jelena Nesić, Rachel Savain, Pietro Luppi, Portia Sinnott, Flaviu Petean, Flaviu Pop
The European Union hosts some of the world's most developed waste management systems and an ambitious policy commitment to the circular economy. The existence of informal recycling and re-use activities in Europe has been vigorously denied until quite recently, and remains a very challenging subject for the European solid waste management sector, as well as for European government and private institutions. In countries ranging from Malta to Macedonia and from France to Turkey, informal recyclers excluded from legal recycling niches increasingly collide with formalised and controlled European Union approaches to urban waste management, packaging recovery schemes, formal re-use enterprises, and extended producer responsibility systems...
September 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374073/recreational-cannabis-legalisation-details-will-determine-mental-health-effects
#19
Kevin P Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374072/why-it-is-probably-too-soon-to-assess-the-public-health-effects-of-legalisation-of-recreational-cannabis-use-in-the-usa
#20
REVIEW
Wayne Hall, Michael Lynskey
The citizens of four US states-Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington-have voted to legalise the sale of cannabis to adults for recreational purposes, and more states look likely to follow. Experience with alcohol and tobacco suggests that a for-profit legal cannabis industry will increase use by making cannabis more socially acceptable to use, making it more readily available at a cheaper price, and increasing the number of users and frequency of their use. We argue that it is too early to see the full effects of legalised cannabis policies on use and harm because several factors could delay the full commercialisation of a legal cannabis industry...
September 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
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