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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785953/assisted-dying-guernsey-rejects-proposal-to-move-towards-legalisation
#1
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731288/the-impact-of-drug-policy-liberalisation-on-willingness-to-seek-help-for-problem-drug-use-a-comparison-of-20-countries
#2
Isabella Benfer, Renee Zahnow, Monica J Barratt, Larissa Maier, Adam Winstock, Jason Ferris
BACKGROUND: While the impact of changing drug policies on rates of drug use has been investigated, research into how help-seeking behaviour changes as drug policies become more public-health focused is limited. This paper investigates reported changes in confidence to utilise drug services following hypothetical changes in national drug policy among a sample of individuals who report recent illicit drug use. We predict that liberalising national drug policy will increase the propensity for people who take illegal drugs to utilise health services...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684297/is-medical-marijuana-legalisation-possible-in-poland
#3
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
OBJECTIVES: In some countries of the world it is legal to use plant-based marijuana for therapeutic purposes. When we had learned that 7,000 petitioners (including doctors) signed the petition to enable access to marijuana for patients in the Czech Republic, we decided to examine the knowledge about marijuana's medical properties among Polish medical students. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire study was conducted on a group of 181 of students of the last (sixth) year of medical school...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681731/new-light-on-names-and-naming-of-dark-taxa
#4
Martin Ryberg, R Henrik Nilsson
A growing proportion of fungal species and lineages are known only from sequence data and cannot be linked to any physical specimen or resolved taxonomic name. Such fungi are often referred to as "dark taxa" or "dark matter fungi". As they lack a taxonomic identity in the form of a name, they are regularly ignored in many important contexts, for example in legalisation and species counts. It is therefore very urgent to find a system to also deal with these fungi. Here, issues relating to the taxonomy and nomenclature of dark taxa are discussed and a number of questions that the mycological community needs to consider before deciding on what system/s to implement are highlighted...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671357/legalised-non-consensual-sterilisation-eugenics-put-into-practice-before-1945-and-the-aftermath-part-2-europe
#5
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
This article deals with the nine European nations which legalised non-consensual sterilisation during the interwar years, thus completing the review, the first part of which was published in an earlier issue of this Journal. Like we did for North America, Japan and Mexico, countries concerned are addressed in chronological order, as practices in one of these influenced policies in others, involved later. For each, we assess the continuum of events up to the present time. The Swiss canton of Vaud was the first political entity in Europe to introduce a law on compulsory sterilisation of people with intellectual disability, in 1928...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669685/nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Michael Wilson, Pam Oliver, Phillipa Malpas
AIMS: This study investigated New Zealand nurses' views on legalising assisted dying across a range of clinical conditions, nurses' willingness to engage in legal assisted dying, potential deterrents and enablers to such engagement, and nurses' perceptions of the proper role of their professional bodies in relation to legalising assisted dying. BACKGROUND: A Bill for legalising assisted dying is currently before the New Zealand parliament. Of the 16 jurisdictions where assisted dying has been specifically legislated, only the Canadian federal statute provides nurses with explicit legal protection for their performance of assisted dying-related tasks...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667711/the-impact-of-the-legalisation-of-abortion-on-birth-outcomes-in-uruguay
#7
José-Ignacio Antón, Zuleika Ferre, Patricia Triunfo
This study investigates the short-term impact on the quantity and quality of births of an abortion reform in Uruguay that legalised termination of pregnancy until the 12th week of pregnancy in the short run. We employ a differences-in-differences approach, comprehensive administrative records of births, and a novel identification strategy based on the planned or unplanned nature of pregnancies that came to term. Our results suggest that this policy change has led to an 8% decline in the number of births from unplanned pregnancies, driven by the group of mothers aged between 20 and 34 years old who have secondary education...
April 18, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651926/nine-months-a-slave-when-pregnancy-is-involuntary-servitude-to-a-foetus
#8
Kiva Diamond Allotey-Reidpath, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Recent globally compiled evidence suggests that one-quarter of pregnancies end in abortions. However, abortions remain illegal in many countries, resulting in unsafe practices. Debates have largely stalled with the pro-life, pro-choice epithets. To provide further arguments in support of legalising abortion services, we argue that the state cannot demand of a woman that she maintains an unwanted pregnancy because that demand places her in a state of involuntary servitude. Involuntary servitude would put states in breach of international human rights law (Article 8 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624082/legalised-non-consensual-sterilisation-eugenics-put-into-practice-before-1945-and-the-aftermath-part-1-usa-japan-canada-and-mexico
#9
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
In the late 19th century, eugenics, a pseudo-scientific doctrine based on an erroneous interpretation of the laws of heredity, swept across the industrialised world. Academics and other influential figures who promoted it convinced political stakeholders to enact laws authorising the sterilisation of people seen as 'social misfits'. The earliest sterilisation Act was enforced in Indiana, in 1907; most states in the USA followed suit and so did several countries, with dissimilar political regimes. The end of the Second World War saw the suspension of Nazi legislation in Germany, including that regulating coerced sterilisation...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601658/chromatographic-characterisation-of-11-phytocannabinoids-quantitative-and-fit-to-purpose-performance-as-a-function-of-extra-column-variance
#10
Matthew Noestheden, Gareth Friedlander, Jason Anspach, Scott Krepich, K C Hyland, Wesley F Zandberg
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis sativa L. (cannabis) is utilised as a therapeutic and recreational drug. With the legalisation of cannabis in many countries and the anticipated regulation of potency that will accompany legalisation, analytical testing facilities will require a broadly applicable, quantitative, high throughput method to meet increased demand. Current analytical methods for the biologically active components of cannabis (phytocannabinoids) suffer from low throughput and/or an incomplete complement of relevant phytocannabinoids...
March 30, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567828/vote-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-guernsey-is-due-in-months
#11
Adrian O'Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561087/-chapter-2-the-embryo-in-abortion-legislation
#12
Daniel Vigneau
For a long time, the legal condition of the child conceived, the embryo or the human fœtus, to use the language of biomedicine, was dominated by two main principles : one, having its roots in Roman law, made it possible to count it, by anticipation, among beings with a legal existence, so as to grant it its rights, as if it was already born (the infans conceptus maxim) : the other, protecting its life in utero, and so its chances of being born, by the penal incrimination of abortion. The legalisation of abortion by the ?Veil? law of 17 January 1975 upset this traditional approach of the law...
March 7, 2018: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560966/medical-cannabis-in-the-treatment-of-cancer-pain-and-spastic-conditions-and-options-of-drug-delivery-in-clinical-practice
#13
Leos Landa, Jan Jurica, Jiri Sliva, Monika Pechackova, Regina Demlova
The use of cannabis for medical purposes has been recently legalised in many countries including the Czech Republic. As a result, there is increased interest on the part of physicians and patients in many aspects of its application. This mini review briefly covers the main active substances of the cannabis plant and mechanisms of action. It focuses on two conditions, cancer pain and spasticity in multiple sclerosis, where its effects are well-documented. A comprehensive overview of a few cannabis-based products and the basic pharmacokinetics of marijuana's constituents follows...
March 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557759/cannabis-and-psychosis-what-do-we-know-and-what-should-we-do
#14
Marco Colizzi, Robin Murray
It is now incontrovertible that heavy use of cannabis increases the risk of psychosis. There is a dose-response relationship and high potency preparations and synthetic cannabinoids carry the greatest risk. It would be wise to await the outcome of the different models of legalisation that are being introduced in North America, before deciding whether or not to follow suit. Declaration of interest None.
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539582/evaluating-ballot-initiative-support-for-legalised-marijuana-the-case-of-washington
#15
Loren Collingwood, Ben Gonzalez O'Brien, Sarah Dreier
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Washington and Colorado became the first U.S. states to legalise recreational marijuana. By 2016, eight states and the District of Columbia had legalised recreational marijuana, with more expected to consider it in 2018. Despite this trend, little academic research explains what drives ballot-initiative vote choice on marijuana legalisation. METHODS: This paper uses a pre-election random sample voter survey to examine the individual characteristics that correlated with Washington voters' support for legal recreational marijuana...
March 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506645/-cannabinoids-for-neuropathic-pain-management
#16
Lasse Østergaard Andersen, Thomas Peter Enggaard, Jette Højsted
Pharmacological treatment of neuropathic pain is associated with side effects and limited efficacy. Recently, the interest in cannabis-based medicine has led to legalisation of medical cannabis in some countries. The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence of cannabinoids in neuropathic pain. Seventeen trials were identified; eight reported an analgesic efficacy of cannabis-based medicine, and the remaining trials showed no analgesic efficacy. Conclusions were limited by design of studies and short duration of treatment...
February 26, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486935/debate-over-recreational-cannabis-use-legalisation-in-canada
#17
Paul Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477956/an-un-desirable-trade-of-harms-how-elite-athletes-might-react-to-medically-supervised-doping-and-their-considerations-of-side-effects-in-this-situation
#18
Marie Overbye
BACKGROUND: The zero-tolerance approach to doping in sport has long been criticised. Legalising 'doping' under medical supervision has been proposed as a better way of protecting both athletes' health and fair competition. This paper investigates how elite athletes might react if specific doping substances were permitted under medical supervision and explore athletes' considerations about side-effects in this situation. The results are interpreted using a framework, which views elite sport as an exceptional and risky working environment...
February 22, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437666/assisted-dying-in-us-and-canada-controversy-subsides-after-legalisation
#19
Bob Roehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430806/cannabis-use-is-associated-with-lower-rates-of-initiation-of-injection-drug-use-among-street-involved-youth-a-longitudinal-analysis
#20
Hudson Reddon, Kora DeBeck, Maria Eugenia Socias, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr, Michael-John Milloy
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Street-involved youth are known to be at elevated risk of initiating injection drug use. However, the impact of so-called 'gateway' drugs, such as cannabis, on injection initiation is unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between cannabis use and initiation of injection drug use among a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for this study were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study...
March 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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