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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684893/comparison-of-the-moca-and-bearni-tests-for-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-in-in-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#1
Stéphanie Pelletier, Régis Alarcon, Valérie Ewert, Margot Forest, Bertrand Nalpas, Pascal Perney
INTRODUCTION: Screening of cognitive impairment is a major challenge in alcoholics seeking treatment, since cognitive dysfunction may impair the overall efficacy of rehabilitation programs and consequently increase relapse rate. We compared the performance of two screening tools: the MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment), which is widely used in patients with neurological diseases and already used in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), and the BEARNI (Brief Evaluation of Alcohol-Related Neuropsychological Impairments), a recent test specifically developed for the alcoholic population...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684846/changing-trends-in-suicides-using-helium-or-nitrogen-a-15-year-study
#2
Roger W Byard
A study was undertaken of autopsy cases of suicide where either helium or nitrogen gas had been used (taken from Forensic Science SA files, 2003-2017). 33 deaths involved helium (age range 19-94yrs, average 47yrs; M:F-2.7:1), compared to 23 cases of nitrogen inhalation (age range 29-93yrs, average 66yrs; M:F-2.3:1). The combined numbers of deaths due to both helium and nitrogen inhalation showed a steady increase (5: 2003-2007; 31: 2013-2017); however, while helium deaths plateaued (14: 2008-2012, 15: 2013-2017) nitrogen-related deaths increased 16-fold...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684822/sexual-dysfunction-among-nigerian-women-with-epilepsy
#3
Luqman Ogunjimi, Joseph Yaria, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Adesola Ogunniyi
OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunction (SD) has been shown to be more prevalent among females with epilepsy (FWE) when compared with controls. Identified risk factors for SD among FWE include depression, antiepileptic drug (AED) type, epileptic lateralization, and temporal lobe involvement. Despite a huge population of FWE in sub-Saharan Africa and by extension Nigeria, there are limited studies on the effect of AEDs and epilepsy on sexual function among FWE in the region. We therefore studied predictors and patterns of SD among Nigerian FWE...
April 20, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684763/regular-past-year-cannabis-use-in-women-veterans-and-associations-with-sexual-trauma
#4
Kendall C Browne, Marketa Dolan, Tracy L Simpson, John C Fortney, Keren Lehavot
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to describe the prevalence of regular past year cannabis use (i.e., at least monthly use) in women veterans, to characterize women veterans reporting this level of use, and to examine the independent contributions of sexual trauma across the lifespan on regular past year cannabis use. METHODS: A national online survey on women veterans' health, with targeted oversampling of lesbian and bisexual women, collected data from US armed forces women veterans, 18 or older, living in the US (N = 636)...
April 10, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684740/continuously-declining-incidence-of-hip-fracture-in-finland-analysis-of-nationwide-database-in-1970-2016
#5
Pekka Kannus, Seppo Niemi, Jari Parkkari, Harri Sievänen
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures of older adults are a major public health issue. METHODS: We determined the current trend in the number and incidence (per 100,000 persons) of hip fracture among older adults in Finland by taking into account all persons 50 years of age or older who were admitted to hospitals for primary treatment of such fracture between 1970 and 2016. RESULTS: The number of hip fractures rose sharply till the end of 1990s (from 1857 in 1970 to 7122 in 1997), but since then, the rise has slowed down (7716 fractures in 2016)...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684737/lung-function-association-with-outdoor-temperature-and-relative-humidity-and-its-interaction-with-air-pollution-in-the-elderly
#6
Johanna Lepeule, Augusto A Litonjua, Antonio Gasparrini, Petros Koutrakis, David Sparrow, Pantel S Vokonas, Joel Schwartz
While the effects of weather variability on cardio-respiratory mortality are well described, research examining the effects on morbidity, especially for vulnerable populations, is warranted. We investigated the associations between lung function and outdoor temperature (T in Celsius degrees (°C)) and relative humidity (RH), in a cohort of elderly men, the Normative Aging Study. Our study included 1103 participants whose forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ), and weather exposures were assessed one to five times during the period 1995-2011 (i...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684722/effect-of-age-at-exposure-on-chromosome-abnormalities-in-mic-exposed-bhopal-population-detected-30-years-post-disaster
#7
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal, Nalok Banerjee, Nitin N Kadam, Rita Abbi
Follow-up cytogenetic study was carried out on 145 individuals from areas stratified by Indian Council of Medical Research, for evaluation of the effect of age-at-exposure and its interaction with exposure status on chromosomal aberrations (CA) in blood-lymphocytes. CA was presented as abnormal cell (Abc), aberrations (Abn) and number of aberration/abnormal cell (Abn/Abc), and correlated with age-at-exposure (childhood: <1-10 years; young: 11-26 years; adult: >27 years). Age related increase in abnormalities (Abc, Abn, Abn/Abc) was observed in all exposure strata, except moderately exposed adult-group, which has exhibited lower Abn/Abc than similarly exposed childhood and young age-groups...
March 29, 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684659/anxiety-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk-among-firefighters-a-test-of-the-depression-distress-amplification-model
#8
Ian H Stanley, Lia J Smith, Joseph W Boffa, Jana K Tran, N Brad Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters. METHODS: Overall, 831 firefighters participated (mean [SD] age = 38...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684654/epidemiology-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-french-national-incidence-and-mid-term-survival-rate-study
#9
Gérald Luc, Valentine Baert, Joséphine Escutnaire, Michael Genin, Christian Vilhelm, Christophe Di Pompéo, Carlos El Khoury, Nicolas Segal, Eric Wiel, Frédéric Adnet, Karim Tazarourte, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, Hervé Hubert
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is considered an important public health issue but its incidence has not been examined in France. The aim of this study is to define the incidence of OHCA in France and to compare this to other neighbouring countries. Data were extracted from the French OHCA registry. Only exhaustive centres during the period from January 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014 were included. All patients were included, regardless of their age and cause of OHCA. The participating centres covered about 10% of the French population...
April 20, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684539/fewer-complications-after-uka-than-tka-in-patients-over-85-years-of-age-a-case-control-study
#10
Quentin Ode, Romain Gaillard, Cécile Batailler, Yannick Herry, Philippe Neyret, Elvire Servien, Sébastien Lustig
INTRODUCTION: Implanting a knee prosthesis in patients aged over 85 years is not without risk. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is reputed to show lower morbidity and mortality than total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Elderly patients with isolated unicompartmental osteoarthritis without specific contraindications are thus good candidates for this procedure. The present retrospective case-control study compared complications rates in elderly patients receiving UKA versus TKA. The study hypothesis was that UKA incurs fewer complications, with equivalent functional results...
April 20, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684495/carcinogenic-and-non-carcinogenic-health-risks-of-metal-oid-s-in-tap-water-from-ilam-city-iran
#11
Yadolah Fakhri, Narottam Saha, Amir Sheikhmohammadi, Milad Rasouli, Moayed Avazpour, Aziz Rahimizadeh, Seyed-Mohammad Riahi, Mansour Ghaderpoori, Hassan Keramati, Bigard Moradi, Nazak Amanidaz, Zahra Baninameh, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
One of the most important pathways for exposure to metals is drinking water ingestion. Chronic or acute exposure to metals can endanger the health of the exposed population, and hence, estimation of human health risks is crucial. In the current study for the first time, the concentrations of Mercury (Hg), Arsenic (As), Zinc (Zn), Lead (Pb) and Cobalt (Co) in 120 collected tap water samples (2015, July-November) from Ilam city, Iran were investigated using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Also, the metal-induced carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks for consumers exposed to tap drinking water were calculated...
April 20, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684414/examining-variability-in-parent-feeding-practices-within-a-low-income-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#12
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Katie Loth, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Current measures of parent feeding practices are typically survey-based and assessed as static/unchanging characteristics, failing to account for fluctuations in these behaviors across time and context. The current study uses ecological momentary assessment to examine variability of, and predictors of parent feeding practices within a low-income, racially/ethnically diverse, and immigrant sample. METHODS: Children ages 5-7 years old and their parents (n = 150 dyads) from six racial/ethnic groups (n = 25 from each; Black/African American, Hispanic, Hmong, Native American, Somali, White) were recruited for this mixed-methods study through primary care clinics...
April 20, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684381/serum-chloride-as-a-novel-marker-for-adding-prognostic-information-of-mortality-in-chronic-heart-failure
#13
Yang Zhang, Rui Peng, Xinqiang Li, Jinxing Yu, Xi Chen, Zhou Zhou
BACKGROUND: Serum chloride concentrations have clinical significance in the prognosis of heart failure (HF). Little is known regarding the prognostic value of serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study sought to investigate the prognostic ability of admission serum chloride for long-term mortality in CHF patients. METHODS: We recruited 1021 patients diagnosed with CHF. Participants were followed up for all-cause mortality at 21 ± 9 months to establish the survival models and analyze the association between admission serum chloride concentrations and death risk...
April 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684370/analytical-validation-and-investigation-on-reference-intervals-of-aldosterone-and-renin-in-chinese-han-population-by-using-fully-automated-chemiluminescence-immunoassays
#14
Lingyan Deng, Zhigang Xiong, Huijun Li, Xiaomei Lei, Liming Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) is recommended to screen for primary aldosteronism (PA) in hypertension. We estimated fully automated chemiluminescence immunoassays (CLIA) for plasma aldosterone concentrations (PAC) and plasma direct renin concentrations (PRC) and investigated their reference intervals in Chinese Han population. METHODS: PAC and PRC were measured on a fully automated analyzer (LIAISON XL, DiaSorin, Italy). Performance characteristics were estimated according to CLSI proved guidelines...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684359/the-g-protein-coupled-receptor-alx-fpr2-regulates-adaptive-immune-responses-in-mouse-submandibular-glands
#15
Ching-Shuen Wang, Olga J Baker
ALX/FPR2 is a G-protein-coupled receptor that has multiple binding partners, including the endogenous lipid mediators resolvin D1 (RvD1), lipoxin A4 (LXA4 ), and the Ca2+ -dependent phospholipid-binding protein Annexin A1. Previous studies demonstrated that RvD1 activates ALX/FPR2 to resolve salivary gland inflammation in the NOD/ShiLtJ mouse model for Sjögren's syndrome. Moreover, mice lacking the ALX/FPR2 display an exacerbated salivary gland inflammation in response to lipopolysaccharide. Additionally, activation of ALX/FPR2 has been shown to be important for regulating antibody production in B cells...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684354/updated-distribution-and-experimental-life-history-traits-of-the-recently-invasive-snail-lissachatina-fulica-in-havana-cuba
#16
Antonio A Vázquez, Jorge Sánchez, Annia Alba, Elizabeth Martínez, Luis Alvarez-Lajonchere, Michel Matamoros, James B Coupland
The giant African snail Lissachatina fulica has been reported invading Cuba since 2014 and is now well established in areas of Havana and several nearby regions. This invasive species is of major concern to health authorities given its role as an important vector of parasites such as Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the causative agent of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. Here, we update the distribution within Cuba. We also report on our studies of experimental life-history traits to assess the population dynamics and potential for spread of this species in Cuba...
April 20, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684320/initial-evaluation-of-universal-immunization-with-a-single-dose-against-hepatitis-a-virus-in-central-brazil
#17
Wagner Izidoro de Brito, Eduardo Rodrigues Alves-Junior, Rode Martinho de Oliveira, Francisco José Dutra Souto
Vaccination against the hepatitis A virus (HAV) administered in two doses has been used effectively in universal child immunization programs in several countries. A single-dose vaccination was adopted in some low-income countries in an attempt to reduce costs without losing effectiveness. In 2014, single-dose universal vaccination was introduced in Brazil for children aged two years. Since such strategy is still not universally accepted, its efficacy should be compared to the two-dose strategy. To assess the humoral response after the single-dose HAV vaccination schedule, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Primavera do Leste, in Mato Grosso state, Central Brazil, including 265 children vaccinated through the National Immunization Program...
April 20, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684293/serological-survey-of-measles-immunity-in-the-czech-republic-2013
#18
Hana Tomášková, Hana Zelená, Alena Kloudová, Ivan Tomášek
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the serological survey of measles was to obtain information on the prevalence of antibodies against measles and to verify the effectiveness of vaccination in the Czech population in order to protect public health. METHODS: The serological survey was carried out in the Czech Republic in 2013. Antibodies against measles were tested in 3,111 serum samples of participants aged 1-64 years. Serum samples were tested for the presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies by enzyme immunoassay (EIA)...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684291/short-term-prediction-of-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-in-the-czech-republic-based-on-data-from-1968-2014
#19
Jindra Reissigová, Miroslav Zvolský
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore the patterns of the coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates over the past almost 50 years (1968-2014) in the Czech Republic, and to predict the mortality rates in 2015-2019. METHODS: The number of deaths from CHD and the population size were stratified by sex and age. The mortality rates were age-standardized to European population. Their values in 2015-2019 were estimated using the joinpoint log-linear regression, local log-linear regression and negative binomial log-linear regression, separately for males and females...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684290/determinants-of-healthy-ageing-and-its-relation-to-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#20
Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to understand determinants of ageing in relation to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events at population level, and to explore determinants of healthy ageing and its relation to 10-year CVD incidence among apparently healthy individuals. METHODS: In the context of the ATTICA study 453 apparently healthy men (45±13 years) and 400 women (44±18 years) with complete psychological evaluation were studied and followed during 2002-2012...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
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