keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ageing population

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432994/assessment-of-temporal-variation-for-the-risk-of-particulate-matters-on-asthma-hospitalization
#1
Hyomi Kim, Honghyok Kim, Yoon-Hyung Park, Jong-Tae Lee
Increased ambient concentration of particulate matters are considered as one of major causes for increased prevalence or exacerbation of asthma or asthma like symptoms. Recently, possible temporal variation in risks of PM on mortality has been suggested. We investigated short-term effect of both PM10 and PM2.5 on asthma hospitalization, and assessed temporal variation of PM risks in Seoul, Korea, 2003-2011. Generalized additive model was used to estimate PM risks on asthma hospitalization with consideration by long-term trend, influenza epidemic, day of week, meteorological factors...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432901/neuromuscular-rate-of-force-development-deficit-in-parkinson-disease
#2
Kelley G Hammond, Ronald F Pfeiffer, Mark S LeDoux, Brian K Schilling
BACKGROUND: Bradykinesia and reduced neuromuscular force exist in Parkinson disease. The interpolated twitch technique has been used to evaluate central versus peripheral manifestations of neuromuscular strength in healthy, aging, and athletic populations, as well as moderate to advanced Parkinson disease, but this method has not been used in mild Parkinson disease. This study aimed to evaluate quadriceps femoris rate of force development and quantify potential central and peripheral activation deficits in individuals with Parkinson disease...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432896/diabetes-incidence-and-influencing-factors-in-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-15year-population-based-follow-up-cohort-study
#3
Sonia Minooee, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Maryam Rahmati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Fereidoun Azizi
AIM: Very few extensive follow-up investigations evaluating patients with history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been documented. We conducted this longitudinal study to estimate the incidence of diabetes and its predictors in women with and without GDM. METHOD: A total of 2458 eligible women, aged 20-50years (476 with GDM and 1982 without GDM) were selected from among participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose study, based on the World Health Organization definition for GDM screening...
April 8, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432810/liver-cirrhosis-is-a-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
HyunJung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Tae-Min Rhee, So-Ryoung Lee, Woo-Hyun Lim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Kyung-Do Han, Myung-Jin Cha, Seil Oh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Information is lacking regarding whether liver cirrhosis (LC) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) development. We aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical significance of AF in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: LC patients (n = 3,596; mean age, 54.7 ± 12.3 years; male, 72.5%) without previous AF were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort database between 2004 and 2008. Age- and sex-matched controls (n=17,980) were randomly sampled in a 5:1 ratio from non-LC individuals...
April 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432756/high-rate-of-systemic-corticosteroid-prescription-among-outpatient-visits-for-psoriasis-a-population-based-epidemiological-study-using-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database
#5
Sang Jun Eun, Sihyeok Jang, Jin Yong Lee, Young Kyung Do, Seong Jin Jo
The use of systemic corticosteroids (SC) for the treatment of psoriasis is not recommended according to textbooks and guidelines. In clinical practise, however, many physicians frequently prescribe SC for patients with psoriasis. To determine the magnitude of SC prescription for outpatients with psoriasis in Korea and identify factors associated with the use of SC, we used the 2010-2014 nationwide claims data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of Korea. In frequency analysis for the full scale of prescribed SC, oral methylprednisolone was the most frequently prescribed SC, followed by dexamethasone and betamethasone injections...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432747/whole-body-adipose-tissue-and-lean-muscle-volumes-and-their-distribution-across-gender-and-age-mr-derived-normative-values-in-a-normal-weight-swiss-population
#6
Erika J Ulbrich, Daniel Nanz, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Magda Marcon, Michael A Fischer
PURPOSE: To determine age- and gender-dependent whole-body adipose tissue and muscle volumes in healthy Swiss volunteers in Dixon MRI in comparison with anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measurements. METHODS: Fat-water-separated whole-body 3 Tesla MRI of 80 healthy volunteers (ages 20 to 62 years) with a body mass index (BMI) of 17.5 to 26.2 kg/m(2) (10 men, 10 women per decade). Age and gender-dependent volumes of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), total abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and total abdominal adipose tissue (TAAT), and the total lean muscle tissue (TLMT) normalized for body height were determined by semi-automatic segmentation, and correlated with anthropometric and BIA measurements as well as lifestyle parameters...
April 22, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432745/safety-of-sitagliptin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-outcomes-from-tecos
#7
Samuel S Engel, Shailaja Suryawanshi, Susanna R Stevens, Robert G Josse, Jan H Cornel, Neli Jakuboniene, Axel Riefflin, Tsvetalina Tankova, Julio Wainstein, Eric D Peterson, Rury R Holman
AIMS: To characterize the incidence of diabetes-associated complications and assess the safety of sitagliptin in participants with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For participants with baseline eGFR measurements (n = 14,528), baseline characteristics and safety outcomes were compared for the CKD cohort (eGFR <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) ) versus those without CKD. Within the CKD cohort, the same analyses were performed comparing sitagliptin- and placebo-assigned participants...
April 22, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432722/efforts-to-redefine-endometriosis-prevalence-in-low-risk-patients
#8
Linnea R Goodman, Jason M Franasiak
Endometriosis has significant implications on patient health and well-being, particularly when it comes to pelvic pain and infertility. However, the true epidemiologic state of the disease has remained elusive. Many of the foundational studies characterize surgically confirmed endometriosis in highly selected patient populations. It has been hypothesized that the prevalence of endometriosis is approximately 10% (Vigano et al, Best Practices and Research in Clinical OB/GYN, 2004, 18(2):177-200) of reproductive aged women and may reach rates of 30-50% in symptomatic women...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432564/unintended-pregnancy-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-veterans-the-ecuun-study
#9
Sonya Borrero, Lisa S Callegari, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Florentina E Sileanu, Galen Switzer, Susan Zickmund, Donna L Washington, Laurie C Zephyrin, E Bimla Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Little is known about contraceptive care for the growing population of women veterans who receive care in the Veterans Administration (VA) healthcare system. OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of contraceptive use, unmet need for prescription contraception, and unintended pregnancy among reproductive-aged women veterans. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a cross-sectional, telephone-based survey with a national sample of 2302 women veterans aged 18-44 years who had received primary care in the VA within the prior 12 months...
April 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432516/the-tower-of-london-tol-in-italy-standardization-of-the-tol-test-in-an-italian-population
#10
Maddalena Boccia, Dario Marin, Giovanni D'Antuono, Paola Ciurli, Chiara Incoccia, Gabriella Antonucci, Cecilia Guariglia, Laura Piccardi
Deficit in planning and problem-solving, affecting a wide range of neuropsychological patients, has been widely investigated using the Tower of London (ToL) test, as developed by Shallice (Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 298:199-209, 1). The ToL taps on several executive functions (EF), such as planning, time for planning or rule breaks, which may be usefully indexed by different ToL measurements. However, in its original version, the different aspects involved in ToL are not evaluated in a specific way...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432494/primary-prevention-and-screening-practices-among-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Lori Mandelzweig, Angela Chetrit, Tova Amitai, Barbara Silverman, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Siegal Sadetzki
PURPOSE: Parallel to increasing survival of breast cancer (BC) patients, a need has arisen to characterize the follow-up required to improve and maintain their health. Our study aimed to assess changes in lifestyle habits over time among the study population, compare compliance rates of selected primary and secondary prevention practices between long-term BC survivors and an age-matched comparison group, and identify factors associated with compliance to these practices. METHODS: The study population comprised 250 Israeli BC survivors, diagnosed with BC between 1999 and 2003, without evidence of disease after 8-12 years, and 250 women with no cancer history, individually matched to survivors by age and area of residence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432468/population-pharmacokinetics-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-in-japanese-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#12
Tsuyoshi Imaizumi, Shinju Obara, Midori Mogami, Yuzo Iseki, Makiko Hasegawa, Masahiro Murakawa
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous (i.v.) acetaminophen is administered during surgery for postoperative analgesia. However, little information is available on the pharmacokinetics of i.v. acetaminophen in Japanese patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board and registered at UMIN-CTR (UMIN000013418). Patients scheduled to undergo elective surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled after obtaining written informed consent...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432426/posterior-cranial-fossa-tumours-in-children-at-national-cancer-institute-sudan-a-single-institution-experience
#13
Moawia Mohammed Ali Elhassan, Haytham Hussein Mohammed Osman, Jeannette Parkes
BACKGROUND: Posterior cranial fossa tumours (PCF) comprise 54-70% of childhood brain tumours. The clinical profile and outcomes of these tumours differ in area of the world. The aim of this study is to describe clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of posterior cranial fossa tumours in Sudan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children diagnosed with posterior cranial fossa tumours and treated between January 1998 and December 2015 at National Cancer Institute, Sudan...
April 21, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432383/increased-blood-cadmium-levels-were-not-associated-with-increased-fracture-risk-but-with-increased-total-mortality-in-women-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#14
L Moberg, P M Nilsson, G Samsioe, G Sallsten, L Barregard, G Engström, C Borgfeldt
This study aimed to investigate if high levels of blood cadmium at baseline were associated with increased fracture risk during follow-up in middle-aged women. No increased fracture risk was observed during follow-up, but women with higher levels of cadmium had an increased overall mortality. INTRODUCTION: Exposure to high levels of cadmium has been associated with an increased fracture risk. The aim was to investigate a perceived association between low levels of blood cadmium (B-Cd) at baseline and risk of first incident fracture...
April 21, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#15
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432291/birth-weight-changes-in-a-major-city-under-rapid-socioeconomic-transition-in-china
#16
Jian-Rong He, Wei-Dong Li, Min-Shan Lu, Yong Guo, Fan-Fan Chan, Jin-Hua Lu, Li-Fang Zhang, Song-Ying Shen, Xiao-Yan Xia, Ping Wang, Wei-Jian Mo, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Jane E Hirst, Hui-Min Xia, Xiu Qiu
Estimates of trends in birth weight may be useful in evaluating population health. We aimed to determine whether temporal changes in birth weight have occurred amongst 2.3 million neonates born in Guangzhou, China, during 2001-2015 and investigate the socioeconomic determinants of any changes. Trends in mean birth weight and annualized changes with the associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) and large for gestational age (LGA), defined as birth weight <10(th) or >90(th) centile respectively for gestational age and sex, were examined using linear and Poisson regression models...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432275/better-cancer-specific-survival-in-young-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-especially-with-ajcc-stage-iii
#17
Haiyong Wang, Jingze Zhang, Fang Shi, Chenyue Zhang, Qinghua Jiao, Hui Zhu
It has been reported that younger patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tend to have a better prognosis. Yet, few studies have focused on the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of young small cell lung cancer (SCLC), especially for patients with age < 50. In our study, we used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) population-based data and identified 16503 patients with SCLC including 711 patients aged < 50, 3338 patients aged 50-59, 5937 patients aged 60-69, 4649 patients aged 70-79 and 1868 patients aged ≥ 80 between 2010 and 2013...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432211/recruiting-and-retaining-youth-and-young-adults-challenges-and-opportunities-in-survey-research-for-tobacco-control
#18
Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth C Hair, Alexandria Smith, Morgane Bennett, Jessica Miller Rath, Randall K Thomas, Mansour Fahimi, J Michael Dennis, Donna Vallone
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies of population-based tobacco control interventions often rely on large-scale survey data from numerous respondents across many geographic areas to provide evidence of their effectiveness. Significant challenges for survey research have emerged with the evolving communications landscape, particularly for surveying hard-to-reach populations such as youth and young adults. This study combines the comprehensive coverage of an address-based sampling (ABS) frame with the timeliness of online data collection to develop a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of young people aged 15-21...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432158/risk-score-for-cardiac-surgery-in-active-left-sided-infective-endocarditis
#19
Carmen Olmos, Isidre Vilacosta, Gilbert Habib, Luis Maroto, Cristina Fernández, Javier López, Cristina Sarriá, Erwan Salaun, Salvatore Di Stefano, Manuel Carnero, Sandrine Hubert, Carlos Ferrera, Gabriela Tirado, Afonso Freitas-Ferraz, Carmen Sáez, Javier Cobiella, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Cristina Sánchez-Enrique, Pablo Elpidio García-Granja, Cecile Lavoute, Benjamin Obadia, David Vivas, Ángela Gutiérrez, José Alberto San Román
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a calculator to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with active infective endocarditis (IE) undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Thousand two hundred and ninety-nine consecutive patients with IE were prospectively recruited (1996-2014) and retrospectively analysed. Left-sided patients who underwent cardiac surgery (n=671) form our study population and were randomised into development (n=424) and validation (n=247) samples...
April 21, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432156/epidemiology-of-valvular-heart-disease-in-a-swedish-nationwide-hospital-based-register-study
#20
Pontus Andell, Xinjun Li, Andreas Martinsson, Charlotte Andersson, Martin Stagmo, Bengt Zöller, Kristina Sundquist, J Gustav Smith
OBJECTIVE: Transitions in the spectrum of valvular heart diseases (VHDs) in developed countries over the 20th century have been reported from clinical case series, but large, contemporary population-based studies are lacking. METHODS: We used nationwide registers to identify all patients with a first diagnosis of VHD at Swedish hospitals between 2003 and 2010. Age-stratified and sex-stratified incidence of each VHD and adjusted comorbidity profiles were assessed...
April 21, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
keyword
keyword
47570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"