keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ageing population

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735503/association-between-allergic-disease-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-childhood-nocturnal-enuresis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Jeng-Dau Tsai, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Min-Sho Ku, Shan-Ming Chen, Chih-Chuan Hsu, Min-Che Tung, Che-Chen Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Ji-Nan Sheu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations between allergic disease, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE). We examined whether allergic disease and SDB were associated with childhood NE. METHODS: Data were assessed from the 2007-2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 4308 children aged 5-18 years having NE diagnosis and age- and sex-matched 4308 children as the control group. The odds ratios of NE were calculated to determine an association with preexisting allergic disease and SDB...
July 22, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735431/a-systematic-review-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-male-and-paediatric-populations
#2
Simrun Virdee, James Greenan-Barrett, Coziana Ciurtin
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune rheumatic disease characterised by female predominance. Although the disease is rare in the male and paediatric populations, it has been suggested that it may have a different disease phenotype, which has not been investigated before using a systematic approach. A systematic literature search of PubMed databases (updated to December 2016) was performed to identify all published data on the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory manifestations of pSS in the male and paediatric populations...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735282/a-systematic-review-of-criteria-used-to-define-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Nadir Haider, John J Leddy, Sonja Pavlesen, Melissa Kluczynski, John G Baker, Jeffrey C Miecznikowski, Barry S Willer
OBJECTIVE: The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines recommend a multifaceted approach to help clinicians make return to sport decisions. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common multifaceted measures used to define clinical recovery from sport-related concussion in young athletes (high school and/or college level) and to summarise existing knowledge of criteria used to make return to sport decisions. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed (MEDLINE), SPORTDiscus and Embase electronic databases were searched from 1 January 2000 to 1 March 2017 by three independent reviewers...
July 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735257/prognostic-factors-of-overall-survival-and-cancer-specific-survival-in-patients-with-resected-early-stage-rectal-adenocarcinoma-a-seer-based-study
#4
Ko-Chao Lee, Kuan-Chih Chung, Hong-Hwa Chen, Chia-Cheng Liu, Chien-Chang Lu
The benefits of radiotherapy for colorectal cancer are well documented, but the impact of adjuvant radiotherapy on early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma remains unclear. This study aimed to identify predictors of overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with stage II rectal adenocarcinoma treated with preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy. Patients with early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma in the postoperative state were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735231/exploring-the-association-between-heat-and-mortality-in-switzerland-between-1995-and-2013
#5
Martina S Ragettli, Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Christian Schindler, Martin Röösli
Designing effective public health strategies to prevent adverse health effect of hot weather is crucial in the context of global warming. In Switzerland, the 2003 heat have caused an estimated 7% increase in all-cause mortality. As a consequence, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health developed an information campaign to raise public awareness on heat threats. For a better understanding on how hot weather affects daily mortality in Switzerland, we assessed the effect of heat on daily mortality in eight Swiss cities and population subgroups from 1995 to 2013 using different temperature metrics (daily mean (Tmean), maximum (Tmax), minimum (Tmin) and maximum apparent temperature (Tappmax)), and aimed to evaluate variations of the heat effect after 2003 (1995-2002 versus 2004-2013)...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735159/gender-comparisons-in-children-with-asd-entering-early-intervention
#6
Alexandra M Fulton, Jessica M Paynter, David Trembath
BACKGROUND: Males are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) approximately four times as often as females. This has led to interest in recent years of potential under-diagnosis of females, as well as negative consequences for females with ASD due to under-identification. A number of potential explanations for gender bias in diagnosis are discussed including that females and males may present differently despite showing the same core symptoms. Previous research has shown inconsistent findings in comparisons between genders in young children with ASD for whom early intervention is vital...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735131/mini-craniotomy-under-local-anesthesia-for-chronic-subdural-hematoma-an-effective-choice-for-elderly-and-for-patients-in-a-resource-strained-environment
#7
Shaikh Danish Mahmood, Muhammad Waqas, Mirza Z Baig, Aneela Darbar
BACKGROUND: Mini craniotomy for chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is associated with lower recurrence rates. However, the procedure is mostly performed under general anesthesia (GA) and therefore frequently requires intensive care unit (ICU) facility, especially in the elderly population. Due to unavailability of ICU beds, and to avoid GA, we started to perform this procedure under local anesthesia (LA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective medical chart review conducted in the section of Neurosurgery at the Aga Khan Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735118/giant-meckel-s-diverticulum-compressing-root-of-mesentery-a-rare-cause-of-ileal-gangrene-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Mohammed Farooq, Aashish Rajesh
INTRODUCTION: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) commonly presents as gastrointestinal bleeding in the pediatric population and intestinal obstruction in adults. There is no consensus for surgical excision of an incidentally diagnosed MD. We present a hitherto unreported vascular cause of intestinal gangrene due to MD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 16year old boy was referred as an acute abdomen for tertiary hospital management. Clinical examination and CT suggested small bowel obstruction and emergency laparotomy was performed...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735109/design-and-rationale-for-a-real-world-observational-cohort-of-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-the-target-nash-study
#9
A Sidney Barritt, Norman Gitlin, Samuel Klein, Anna S Lok, Rohit Loomba, Laura Malahias, Margaret Powell, Miriam B Vos, L Michael Weiss, Kenneth Cusi, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Arun Sanyal
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent and can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and end-stage liver disease. NAFLD comprises the spectrum from simple steatosis (nonalcoholic fatty liver, NAFL), to steatosis with inflammation (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH). Current primary therapy recommended for NAFLD is weight loss induced by lifestyle modification. The difficulty in achieving this has led to robust pharmacological therapy development. While new drugs may show efficacy in selected phase II/III clinical trial populations, their real-world effectiveness is unknown...
July 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735068/primary-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-the-era-of-targeted-therapy-prognostic-impact-and-the-role-of-breast-tumour-surgery
#10
Jana Barinoff, Marcus Schmidt, Andreas Schneeweiss, Winfried Schoenegg, Marc Thill, Stella Keitel, Claus R Lattrich, Axel Hinke, Andreas Kutscheidt, Christian Jackisch
BACKGROUND: Except for meeting the individual palliative need, the benefit of breast surgery in primary metastatic breast cancer (PMBC), also known as de novo metastatic breast cancer, on long-term outcomes remains controversial. Twenty-four hundred and one patients with metastatic breast cancer, enrolled between 2000 and 2011 in two prospective non-interventional studies on targeted therapy, were screened with respect to this question. METHODS: One study investigated trastuzumab therapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer in addition to mainly first-line chemotherapy...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735015/preliminary-experience-of-non-transecting-urethroplasty-for-pelvic-fracture-related-urethral-injury
#11
Hong Xie, Chao Li, Yue-Min Xu, Chao Feng, Xiang-Guo Lv, Lei Chen, Hong-Bin Li, Jing-Dong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the urinary outcomes and preservation of erectile function in patients with pelvic fracture related urethral injury (PFUI) after non-transecting spongiosum anastomotic urethroplasty (NTSAU). METHODS: Fifty-nine male patients with PFUI following traumatic pelvic fracture underwent NTSAU. Inclusion criteria were age 18 to 60 years, posterior urethral stenosis < 2.5 cm without previous urethroplasty, and intact erectile function. Exclusion criteria were previous history of open urethroplasty, long segment posterior urethral stenosis (>2...
July 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734964/removing-user-fees-for-health-services-a-multi-epistemological-perspective-on-access-inequities-in-senegal
#12
Philipa Mladovsky, Maymouna Ba
Plan Sésame (PS) is a user fee exemption policy launched in 2006 to provide free access to health services to Senegalese citizens aged 60 and over. Analysis of a large household survey evaluating PS echoes findings of other studies showing that user fee removal can be highly inequitable. 34 semi-structured interviews and 19 focus group discussions with people aged 60 and over were conducted in four regions in Senegal (Dakar, Diourbel, Matam and Tambacounda) over a period of six months during 2012. They were analysed to identify underlying causes of exclusion from/inclusion in PS and triangulated with the household survey...
July 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734928/lv-mass-independently-predicts-mortality-and-need-for-future-revascularization-in%C3%A2-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-coronary-angiography
#13
Ahmed Abdi-Ali, Robert J H Miller, Danielle Southern, Mei Zhang, Yoko Mikami, Merril Knudtson, Bobak Heydari, Andrew G Howarth, Carmen P Lydell, Mathew T James, Stephen B Wilton, James A White
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess associations between left ventricular (LV) mass, all-cause mortality, and need for revascularization in patients undergoing coronary angiography. BACKGROUND: LV hypertrophy is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in healthy subjects. However, its influence in those with known or suspected coronary artery disease is poorly understood. METHODS: A total of 3,754 patients (mean age 59...
July 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734893/genetic-polymorphisms-in-cyp2a6-are-associated-with-a-risk-of-cigarette-smoking-and-predispose-to-smoking-at-younger-ages
#14
Gloria Pérez-Rubio, Luis Alberto López-Flores, Alejandra Ramírez-Venegas, Valeri Noé-Díaz, Leonor García-Gómez, Enrique Ambrocio-Ortiz, Candelaria Sánchez-Romero, Rafael De Jesús Hernández-Zenteno, Raúl Humberto Sansores, Ramcés Falfán-Valencia
Nicotine is the main component of cigarettes that causes addiction, which is considered a complex disease, and genetic factors have been proposed to be involved in the development of addiction. The CYP2A6 gene encodes the main enzyme responsible for nicotine metabolism. Depending on the study population, different genetic variants of CYP2A6 associated with cigarette smoking have been described. Therefore, we evaluated the possible association between SNPs in CYP2A6 with cigarette smoking and nicotine addiction-related variables in Mexican mestizo smokers...
July 19, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734876/t-cell-depletion-as-an-alternative-approach-for-patients-55-years-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-as-curative-therapy-for-hematologic-malignancies
#15
Ann A Jakubowski, Erica Petrlik, Molly Maloy, Patrick Hilden, Esperanza Papadopoulos, James W Young, Farid Boulad, Hugo Castro-Malaspina, Roni Tamari, Parastoo B Dahi, Jenna Goldberg, Guenther Koehne, Miguel-Angel Perales, Craig S Sauter, Richard J O'Reilly, Sergio Giralt
T cell depleted allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (TCD HSCT) is curative treatment for hematologic malignancies in adults, shown to reduce graft vs. host disease (GVHD) without increased relapse. We retrospectively reviewed a single center, 11yr experience of 214 patients ≥55yrs to determine tolerability and efficacy in the older adult. The majority (70%) had myeloid diseases and most acute leukemias were in remission. Median age was 61 yrs with related and unrelated donors > 8/10 HLA matched...
July 19, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734875/investigation-of-the-feasibility-of-non-invasive-optical-sensors-for-the-quantitative-assessment-of-dehydration
#16
Cobus Visser, Eduard Kieser, Kiran Dellimore, Dawie van den Heever, Johan Smith
This study explores the feasibility of prospectively assessing infant dehydration using four non-invasive, optical sensors based on the quantitative and objective measurement of various clinical markers of dehydration. The sensors were investigated to objectively and unobtrusively assess the hydration state of an infant based on the quantification of capillary refill time (CRT), skin recoil time (SRT), skin temperature profile (STP) and skin tissue hydration by means of infrared spectrometry (ISP). To evaluate the performance of the sensors a clinical study was conducted on a cohort of 10 infants (aged 6-36 months) with acute gastroenteritis...
July 19, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734861/low-food-allergy-prevalence-despite-delayed-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-data-from-the-gusto-cohort
#17
Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Jia Ying Toh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Hugo P S Van Bever, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence that early introduction of allergenic food decreases the risk of food allergy development, especially in high-risk infants with eczema. However, there is a lack of data to suggest whether this association holds true in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the timing of introduction of allergenic foods and food allergy outcomes in infants in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734829/feasibility-of-prophylactic-salpingectomy-during-vaginal-hysterectomy
#18
Danielle D Antosh, Rachel High, Heidi W Brown, Sallie S Oliphant, Husam Abed, Nisha Philip, Cara L Grimes
BACKGROUND: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that "the surgeon and patient discuss the potential benefits of the removal of the fallopian tubes during a hysterectomy in women at population risk of ovarian cancer who are not having an oophorectomy," resulting in an increasing rate of salpingectomy at the time of hysterectomy. Rates of salpingectomy are highest for laparoscopic and lowest for vaginal hysterectomy. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of bilateral salpingectomy at the time of vaginal hysterectomy...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734813/incidence-and-types-of-pediatric-nystagmus
#19
David L Nash, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To report the incidence, prevalent subtypes and clinical characteristics of pediatric nystagmus diagnosed over a 30-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based study METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the medical records of all children (<19 years) diagnosed as residents in Olmsted County, Minnesota with any form of nystagmus from January 1, 1976, through December 31, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-one children were diagnosed during the 30-year period, yielding an annual incidence of 6...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734784/drug-delivery-innovations-to-address-global-health-challenges-for-pediatric-and-geriatric-populations-through-improvements-in-patient-compliance
#20
Joshua Boateng
Despite significant advances in pharmaceutical and biotechnological drug discovery, the global population is plagued with many challenging diseases. These are further compounded by anticipated explosion in an ageing population, which presents several problems such as polypharmacy, dysphagia and neurological conditions, resulting in non-compliance and disease complications. For antibiotics, poor compliance, can result in development of drug resistant infections which can be fatal. Further, children, especially, in developing countries die unnecessarily from easily treatable diseases (e...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
47570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"