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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037005/stroke-epidemiology-in-south-east-and-south-east-asia-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Byung Woo Yoon, Jeyaraj Pandian, Jose C Navarro
Asia, which holds 60% of the world's population, comprises some developing countries which are in economic transition. This paper reviews the epidemiology of stroke in South, East and South-East Asia. Data on the epidemiology of stroke in South, East, and South-East Asia were derived from the Global Burden of Disease study (mortality, disability-adjusted life-years [DALYs] lost because of stroke), World Health Organization (vascular risk factors in the community), and publications in PubMed (incidence, prevalence, subtypes, vascular risk factors among hospitalized stroke patients)...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037000/-analysis-of-fipronil-and-metabolites-residues-distrubution-in-eggs
#2
B Lyu, D W Chen, J G Li, S Zhou, Y F Zhao
Objective: To compare the residual distribution of fipronil and its metabolites in white and yellow egg, and to analyze the residual changes of fipronil and its metabolites in raw and cooked samples, regarding the risk assessment of fipronil and its metabolites via consuming egg for different age groups. Methods: The white egg and yellow egg were isolated from 10 egg samples containing fipronil residues. Samples were extracted with acetonitrile and purified, and determined by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036997/-mean-blood-pressure-among-the-adults-in-china-2010-2012-based-on-the-results-of-mercury-sphygmomanometer-and-converted-electronic-sphygmomanometer
#3
D M Yu, P Fu, W T Yu, H J Guo, X G Yang, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao
Objective: To analyze the average systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) among adults aged 18 years old and above in China between 2010 and 2012; and to compare the difference in the results measured by mercury sphygmomanometer and converted electronic sphygmomanometer. Methods: The data was collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. 120 428 adults aged 18 years old and above were selected from 150 survey counties (districts) of 31 provinces in China Mainland, by multi-stage stratified and probability proportion to size (PPS) cluster randomization sampling method...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036996/-analysis-of-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-osteoporosis-in-retired-population-based-on-dongfeng-tongji-cohort
#4
H Yan, X Z Liu, Y Z Zhang, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and related factors of osteoporosis among retired population in Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. Methods: 27 009 retired participants were recruited from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province in 2008 and followed up from April to October in 2013. newly retired participants also were recruited. Data were collected by using questionnaire, physical examination, serum hepatase detection and bone densitometry. Totally, 30 916 participants were included for data analysis after excluding participants with severe bone metabolic diseases, taking hormone drugs, incomplete follow-up data and who were under 45 years old...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036995/-association-of-alcohol-use-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-male-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Y Z Zhang, Y Q Yu, Y Yuan, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the association between alcohol use and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the middle-aged and elderly male population. Methods: All participants were from Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, 27 009 retired employees from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province were enrolled in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort baseline survey in 2008. In baseline study, information of alcohol use and other covariates were collected by semi-structured questionnaire and all participants completed physical examination including the test of fasting glucose and blood lipid levels...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036994/-trend-analysis-of-the-burden-of-ischemic-heart-disease-in-china-1990-to-2015
#6
G S Zhang, C H Yu, L S Luo, Y C Li, X Y Zeng
Objective: The objective of this study is to analyze the trend of burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in China between 1990 and 2015. Methods: Data were collected from the results of 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study. We arranged and analyzed the mortality and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) for IHD by sexes, ages and provinces (excluding Taiwan, China) in China between 1990 and 2015. The age-standardized rates were determined using the average world population age structure in the period of 2010-2035 as a reference, and the changes of the related indicators were calculated...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036992/-survey-on-burden-of-disease-attributable-to-low-fruit-intake-among-chinese-people-aged-15-years-old-and-above-between-1990-and-2013
#7
J H Li, X Y Zeng, Y C Li, S W Liu, J Y Niu, L J Wang, P Yin, J L You, M G Zhou
Objective: To analyze the burden of disease attributable to low fruit intake among Chinese population aged ≥15 years old between 1990 and 2013. Methods: We used data from the 2013 Global Burden of Disease Burden of Disease Study to study the situation in China. The population attributable fraction was calculated to estimate and compare the death and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) attributed to low fruit intake between 1990 and 2013 in China (excluded Taiwan, China). An average world population age structure of the period 2000-2025 was adopted to calculate age-standardized rates...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#8
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#9
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#10
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036847/trail-making-test-normative-data-for-the-latin-american-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#11
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, D Ramos-Usuga, E Vergara-Moragues, E Montero-López, L A Adana Díaz, A Aguayo Arelis, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, X Llerena Espezúa, L Lara, A Padilla-López, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C Alcazar Tebar, M J Irías Escher, J J Llibre Guerra, N Torales Cabrera, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Trail Making Test (TMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,337 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The TMT-A and TMT-B scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036823/prevalence-and-correlates-of-behavioral-disorders-in-old-age-subjects-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#12
Virginia Boccardi, Manuela Conestabile Della Staffa, Marta Baroni, Sara Ercolani, Michele Francesco Croce, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Patrizia Mecocci
BACKGROUND: Presence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is very common in subjects with cognitive impairment, representing an important determinant of disease progression, institutionalization, and worse prognosis. Knowledge of the prevalence and correlates of BPSD in community-living old subjects with cognitive impairment is limited so far, but it is essential for establishing specifically tailored care and cure in such a vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: With this study, we aimed at investigating, in a large sample of old age subjects with cognitive impairment, BPSD prevalence and correlates including the main demographic, clinical, and socio-environmental characteristics...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036811/sildenafil-improves-vascular-and-metabolic-function-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Min Sheng, Hanzhang Lu, Peiying Liu, Yang Li, Harshan Ravi, Shin-Lei Peng, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Michael D Devous, Kyle B Womack
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of degenerative dementia in the aging population. Patients with AD have alterations in cerebral hemodynamic function including reduced cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate. Therefore, improved cerebrovascular function may be an attractive goal for pharmaceutical intervention in AD. OBJECTIVE: We wished to observe the acute effects of sildenafil on cerebrovascular function and brain metabolism in patients with AD...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036808/ecotropic-viral-integration-site-5-evi5-expression-analysis-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#14
Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Mahnoosh Rahimi, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Mir Davood Omrani, Arezou Sayad, Mohammad Taheri, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex immune-related disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) in which dysregulation of different classes of T cells are involved. Variants in Ecotropic Viral Integration Site 5 (EVI5) gene has been shown to be significantly associated with MS in different populations. OBJECTIVES: However, there is no data regarding relative expression of this gene in peripheral blood of MS patients compared with healthy controls. METHODS: In the present study we assessed expression of EVI5 in 50 Iranian MS patients compared with healthy subjects by means of quantitative real time RT-PCR...
September 8, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036792/are-helicobacter-pylori-highly-cytotoxic-genotypes-and-cardia-gastric-adenocarcinoma-linked-lessons-from-iran
#15
Seyedeh Zahra Bakhti, Saeid Latifi-Navid, Saber Zahri, Fatemeh Sadat Bakhti, Naser Hajavi, Abbas Yazdanbod
BACKGROUND: Although the most extensive studies revealed the role of H. pylori VacA and CagA toxins in the development of gastric adenocarcinoma, the magnitude of this association and the correlations of vacA mosaicism and cagA status with cardia gastric adenocarcinoma (CGA) still remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the linkage of H. pylori highly cytotoxic genotypes to CGA in Iranian populations as a model. METHODS: A total of 601 Iranian patients were enrolled...
September 29, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036721/blood-based-protein-changes-in-childhood-are-associated-with-increased-risk-for-later-psychotic-disorder-evidence-from-a-nested-case-control-study-of-the-alspac-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#16
Jane A English, Lorna M Lopez, Aoife O'Gorman, Melanie Föcking, Magdalena Hryniewiecka, Caitriona Scaife, Sophie Sabherwal, Kieran Wynne, Patrick Dicker, Bart P F Rutten, Glynn Lewis, Stanley Zammit, Mary Cannon, Gerard Cagney, David R Cotter
The identification of early biological changes associated with the psychotic disorder (PD) is important as it may provide clues to the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. We undertook the first proteomic profiling of blood plasma samples of children who later develop a PD. Participants were recruited from the UK Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort who also participated in psychiatric assessment interviews at age 18. Protein expression levels at age 11 were compared between individuals who developed PD at age 18 (n = 37) with population-based age-matched controls (n = 38)...
July 27, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036711/impacts-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-1-year-outcomes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-controlled-population-based-mirror-image-study
#17
Hai-Ti Lin, Shi-Kai Liu, Ming H Hsieh, Yi-Ling Chien, I-Ming Chen, Shih-Cheng Liao, Hui-Ju Tsai, Chi-Shin Wu
Objectives: Despite the decline in the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with schizophrenia, ECT augmentation is still recommended for those with poor response to standard pharmacological intervention. However, the effectiveness of augmentation of antipsychotics with ECT on long-term clinical outcomes needs to be verified in an expanded sample. Methods: Patients who were hospitalized for schizophrenia and received ECT for the first time during that hospitalization were identified from the total population health insurance database in Taiwan between 2002 and 2011...
September 23, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036697/the-elderly-left-behind-changes-in-survival-trends-of-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-over-the-past-four-decades
#18
Joe S Mendez, Quinn T Ostrom, Haley Gittleman, Carol Kruchko, Lisa M DeAngelis, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Christian Grommes
Background: There has been significant improvement in treatment outcomes of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma (PCNSL) at specialized centers over the past several decades; however, it is unclear if these changes have translated to benefits in the general population. Methods: In this study, we utilized two national databases to examine survival trends over time for PCNSL (Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS, 2000 - 2013) and 18 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER, 1973 - 2013) registries)...
October 3, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036666/do-israeli-health-promoting-schools-contribute-to-students-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-habits
#19
Samah Hayek, Riki Tessler, Shiran Bord, Ronit Endevelt, Carmit Satran, Irit Livne, Mohammed Khatib, Yosi Harel-Fisch, Orna Baron-Epel
The Israeli Health Promoting School Network (HPSN) is actively committed to enhancing a healthy lifestyle for the entire school population. This study aimed to explore the contribution of school participation in the HPSN and students' individual characteristics to healthy eating and physical activity habits among Israeli school children aged 10-12 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4166 students in grades 4-6 from 28 schools. The schools were selected from a sample of HPSN affiliated and non-HPSN schools...
October 4, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036606/socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-cancer-incidence-a-population-based-multilevel-analysis
#20
Rebecca D Kehm, Logan G Spector, Jenny N Poynter, David M Vock, Theresa L Osypuk
The etiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown, especially regarding environmental and behavioral risk factors. Unpacking the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence may offer insight into such etiology. We tested associations between SES and childhood cancer incidence in a population-based case-cohort study (source cohort: Minnesota birth registry, 1989-2014). Cases, 0-14 years, were linked from the Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System to birth records through probabilistic record linkage...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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