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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922255/risk-factors-for-nocturnal-hypoxemia-in-severe-osa-patients
#1
Eric Deflandre, Damien Kempeneers, Stephanie Degey, Robert Poirrier, Pascal Legros, Jean F Brichant, Jean Joris
BACKGROUND: Severe obstructive sleep apnea (sOSA) and oxygen desaturations are both risk factors for postoperative complications. In some but not all patients, sOSA is associated with frequent oxygen desaturation episodes during sleep. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the risk factors for exhibiting oxygen desaturation in patients with sOSA. METHODS: Records of 786 patients, mainly obese (Body Mass Index [mean + SD] = 30.2 + 6.0 kg/m2), were analyzed...
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922237/the-comparison-of-general-movements-assessment-and-neurological-examination-during-early-infancy
#2
Büşra Kepenek-Varol, Mine Çalışkan, Zeynep İnce, Burak Tatlı, Emine Eraslan, Asuman Çoban
This prospective single-blinded study was performed to evaluate general movements (GMs) in group of high-risk, low-birth-weight and preterm infants and to compare results with neurologic examination. All infants' neurologic examinations, Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM) and Bayley-III Scale were performed at the corrected age of 12 months. A total of 22 infants were included. Eight infants (group-1) (mean: 31.6±3.29 weeks, range: 25-36 weeks) had normal GMs in all recordings and were ultimately evaluated as "normal"; 12 (group-2) (mean: 31...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922203/vulnerability-to-alcohol-related-problems-a-policy-brief-with-implications-for-the-regulation-of-alcohol-marketing
#3
Thomas F Babor, Katherine Robaina, Jonathan K Noel, E Bruce Ritson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern that alcohol advertising can have detrimental effects on vulnerable viewers has prompted the development of codes of responsible advertising practices. This paper evaluates critically the concept of vulnerability as it applies to (1) susceptibility to alcohol-related harm and (2) susceptibility to the effects of marketing, and describes its implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing. METHOD: We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert reports to determine whether these two types of vulnerability apply to population groups defined by (1) age and developmental history; (2) personality characteristics; (3) family history of alcoholism; (4) female sex and pregnancy risk; and (5) history of alcohol dependence and recovery status...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922144/sleep-patterns-and-dysfunctions-in-children-with-learning-problems
#4
Ramkumar Aishworiya, Po Fun Chan, Jennifer Sh Kiing, Shang Chee Chong, Stacey Kh Tay
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the sleep patterns and dysfunctions in children with learning problems in comparison against a local population-based sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 200 children with learning problems and 372 parents of a local population-based sample of typically developing (TD) children were recruited to complete a questionnaire on their child's sleep patterns and sleep problems. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is a validated parent-reported sleep screening questionnaire that contains 54 items identifying sleep behaviours in children...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922142/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-caregiver-dependence-among-older-adults-in-a-southeast-asian-population
#5
Louisa Picco, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Shirlene Pang, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Currently very little is known about the prevalence or magnitude of caregiver dependence in Singapore and thus, there is a need to fill this gap in this multiethnic ageing population. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of caregiver dependence among older adults in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were used from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey among Singapore residents aged 60 years and above...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922121/sex-differences-in-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-carotid-plaque-among-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#6
Wei Zhao, Yanan Wu, Min Shi, Lingling Bai, Jun Tu, Zaiyu Guo, Rongcai Jiang, Jianning Zhang, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
Although the associations between carotid plaque and cardiovascular disease risk factors have been identified in previous studies, there is limited information on sex-related differences in factors associated with the development of carotid plaque. We aimed to determine sex differences in the prevalence of carotid plaque and associated risk factors in rural China. A total of 3,789 subjects aged ≥45 years without history of stroke or cardiovascular disease were recruited to the study. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to determine the presence of carotid plaque...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922089/elderly-patients-have-an-altered-gut-brain-axis-regardless-of-the-presence-of-cirrhosis
#7
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Vishwadeep Ahluwalia, Joel L Steinberg, Sarah Hobgood, Peter A Boling, Michael Godschalk, Saima Habib, Melanie B White, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Dinesh Ganapathy, Phillip B Hylemon, Karen E Stewart, Raffi Keradman, Eric J Liu, Jessica Wang, Patrick M Gillevet, Masoumeh Sikaroodi, F Gerard Moeller, James B Wade
Cognitive difficulties manifested by the growing elderly population with cirrhosis could be amnestic (memory-related) or non-amnestic (memory-unrelated). The underlying neuro-biological and gut-brain changes are unclear in this population. We aimed to define gut-brain axis alterations in elderly cirrhotics compared to non-cirrhotic individuals based on presence of cirrhosis and on neuropsychological performance. Age-matched outpatients with/without cirrhosis underwent cognitive testing (amnestic/non-amnestic domains), quality of life (HRQOL), multi-modal MRI (fMRI go/no-go task, volumetry and MR spectroscopy), blood (inflammatory cytokines) and stool collection (for microbiota)...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921436/-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-adults-from-the-point-of-view-of-the-clinical-diabetologist
#8
Alena Šmahelová
Disorders of glucose homeostasis affect quite a large part of the older population and their incidence including manifest diabetes is growing. Diabetes in older adults is associated with an increased risk of geriatric syndrome expressed in various ways (decrease in muscle size, functional disability, frailty) and early mortality. Diabetes care for the elderly requires, also in view of heterogeneity of diabetes itself, an individual specific approach. This involves not only diagnostics and a clinical picture, but also the treatment goals and the therapy of diabetes and complications in itself...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921422/-pregestional-diabetes-mellitus-and-pregnancy
#10
Jana Bělobrádková
There is a groving number of women with pregestational diabetes mellitus. Additionaly, nowadays therapy of diabetes mellitus type I allows gravidity even in patients in whom diabetes manifested itself during their early childhood. Presence of chronic complications of diabetes increases risk of complications during pregnancy. There is incerasing number of patients with DM type II and appearence of it shifts into younger age group. Perinatal mortality and morbidity of children of mothers with pregestional diabets is higher than in comparison with common population and pregnancy planning is important measure to their decrease...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921367/dietary-patterns-in-liberian-refugees-in-buduburam-ghana
#11
Wilhelmenia L Ross, Daniel F Gallego-Pérez, Anna Lartey, Adam Sandow, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Amber Hromi-Fiedler
Previous research suggests that acculturation (i.e., exposure and assimilation to local culture) is associated with changes in dietary patterns among immigrants. This study investigates this association in a refugee population using time in refugee settlement as a proxy for acculturation. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a systematic sample to (a) identify dietary patterns in Liberian refugees and Ghanaians living in or near a refugee settlement, (b) compare adherence to these dietary patterns between groups, and (c) investigate the association between acculturation and dietary patterns in Liberian refugees...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921360/mortality-in-patients-who-discontinue-low-dose-acetylsalicylic-acid-therapy-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#12
Antonio González-Pérez, María Eugenia Sáez, Saga Johansson, Péter Nagy, Luis A García Rodríguez
PURPOSE: Discontinuing low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) therapy after upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) may increase the risk of cardiovascular-related death. Our aim was to compare mortality in UK primary care patients who discontinue ASA after UGIB with that in patients who continue therapy. METHODS: ASA users at the time of UGIB and who were alive 30 days after were selected using The Health Improvement Network. Predictors of survival were assessed using adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models...
December 6, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921319/critical-evaluation-of-the-overactive-bladder-and-urgency-urinary-incontinence-association-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-a-relatively-young-adult-male-population
#13
Murat Tuncer, Ozgur Yazici, Alper Kafkasli, Kubilay Sabuncu, Banu Salepci, Fehmi Narter, Gulten A Gungor, Ugur Yucetas
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of Overactive Bladder (OAB) and Urgency Urinary Incontinence (UUI) in males with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) using the OSAS grading system. METHODS: A total of 194 patients who underwent Polysomnography (PSG) were included in our prospective cross sectional study. Patients were divided into four groups according to Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI). Group 1, 35 patients with normal AHI (<5) as a control group; Group 2, 47 patients with mild OSAS (AHI ≥5 and <15); Group 3, 51 patients with moderate OSAS (AHI ≥15 and <30); Group 4, 61 patients with severe OSAS (AHI ≥30)...
December 6, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921139/reduced-inattention-and-hyperactivity-and-improved-cognition-after-marine-oil-extract-pcso-524%C3%A2-supplementation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-clinical-and-subclinical-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo
#14
James D Kean, Jerome Sarris, Andrew Scholey, Richard Silberstein, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effects of a marine oil extract (PCSO-524®) on inattention, hyperactivity, mood and cognition in children and adolescents. PCSO-524® is a standardised lipid extract of the New Zealand green-lipped mussel and is an inflammatory modulator that inhibits the 5'-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase pathways and decreases concentrations of the pro-inflammatory arachidonic acid (AA). METHODS: PCSO-524® or a matched placebo was administered for 14 weeks to 144 participants (123 males/21 females; mean age 8...
December 5, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921128/-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-elderly
#15
M Weber, F Völlner, A Benditz, T Schwarz, M Wörner, B Craiovan, T Renkawitz, J Grifka
BACKGROUND: The number of total knee arthroplasties in elderly patients is increasing in accordance with the demographic shift in the population. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the special situation in the elderly, conservative treatment options, perioperative risk factors, preoperative preparation, special intraoperative features and outcome. METHODS: Analysis of currently available scientific data and presentation of own scientific study results...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921031/amniotic-epithelial-cells-a-new-tool-to-combat-aging-and-age-related-diseases
#16
Clara Di Germanio, Michel Bernier, Rafael de Cabo, Barbara Barboni
The number of elderly people is growing at an unprecedented rate and this increase of the aging population is expected to have a direct impact on the incidence of age-related diseases and healthcare-associated costs. Thus, it is imperative that new tools are developed to fight and slow age-related diseases. Regenerative medicine is a promising strategy for the maintenance of health and function late in life; however, stem cell-based therapies face several challenges including rejection and tumor transformation...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921020/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-fractures
#17
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Shahram Paydar, Haleh Ghaem, Mohammad Ghorbani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Ali Taheri Akerdi, Eimen Jalili, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Ali Khalili, Ali Haghnegahdar, Shahram Bolandparvaz
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology of cervical spine fractures (CSfx) in trauma patients of general population is not yet exclusively known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of CSfx in trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from trauma patients admitted in the emergency room (ER) of Shiraz Shahid Rajaei hospital during the 3.5 years period from September 22, 2009 to March 21, 2013, were gathered. All trauma patients with CSfx and/or spinal cord injuries were included in the study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921017/factors-impacting-mortality-in-the-pre-hospital-period-after-road-traffic-accidents-in-urban-india
#18
Ananthnarayan Chandrasekharan, Aditya J Nanavati, Sandhya Prabhakar, Subramaniam Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India currently has the dubious distinction of experiencing the highest number of road traffic accidents in the world. OBJECTIVES: We believe that this study on road traffic accidents may help to identify factors in the pre-hospital setting that may influence mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in a metro area in India over a period of one year. The study included consecutive patients admitted to the trauma service after road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920953/age-growth-and-population-structure-of-invasive-lionfish-pterois-volitans-miles-in-northeast-florida-using-a-length-based-age-structured-population-model
#19
Eric G Johnson, Mary Katherine Swenarton
The effective management of invasive species requires detailed understanding of the invader's life history. This information is essential for modeling population growth and predicting rates of expansion, quantifying ecological impacts and assessing the efficacy of removal and control strategies. Indo-Pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) have rapidly invaded the western Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea with documented negative impacts on native ecosystems. To better understand the life history of this species, we developed and validated a length-based, age-structured model to investigate age, growth and population structure in northeast Florida...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920951/risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-80%C3%A2-years-old-or-older-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#20
Jacek Piątek, Anna Kędziora, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Marta Olszewska, Bryan HyoChan Song, Karol Wierzbicki, Irena Milaniak, Tomasz Darocha, Dorota Sobczyk, Bogusław Kapelak
BACKGROUND: Age remains a significant and unmodifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and an increasing number of patients older than 80 years of age undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Old age is also an independent risk factor for postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to describe the population of patients 80 years of age or older who underwent CABG procedure and to assess the mortality rate and risk factors for in-hospital mortality. METHODS: A retrospective case-series study analyzing 388 consecutive patients aged 80 years of age or older who underwent isolated CABG procedure between 2010 and 2014 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow...
2016: PeerJ
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