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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457929/growth-of-the-james-cook-university-medical-program-maintaining-quality-continuing-the-vision-developing-postgraduate-pathways
#1
Tarun Sen Gupta, Peter Johnson, Roy Rasalam, Richard Hays
BACKGROUND: James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since doubled, while enrollments have almost tripled...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#2
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457232/tackling-obesity-and-disease-the-culprit-is-sugar-the-response-is-legal-regulation
#3
Lawrence O Gostin
It is staggering to observe the new normal in America: 37.9 percent of adults are obese, and 70.7 percent are either obese or overweight. One out of every five minors is obese. The real tragedy, of course, is the disability, suffering, and early death that devastates families and communities. But all of society pays, with the annual medical cost estimated at $147 billion. The causal pathways are complex, but if we drill down, sugar is a deeply consequential pathway to obesity, and the single greatest dietary source is sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#4
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456381/evaluation-of-teaching-clinical-pharmacology-of-antiarrhythmic-drugs-to-first-year-mbbs-students-through-worksheet-based-small-group-discussion
#5
Ameya A Hasamnis, Aditya Arya
Cardiac arrhythmias are a major cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Learning the science behind the use of antiarrhythmic drugs is essential for all medical graduates. However, many antiarrhythmic drugs are available, and most of them have complex pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles. We tried to improvise our teaching by conducting interactive, worksheet-based, small-group discussion on antiarrhythmic drugs with preclinical students of School of Medicine, Taylor's University, Malaysia...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456149/impact-of-a-universal-medication-schedule-on-rationalising-and-understanding-of-medication-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Eimear McManus, Suzanne McCarthy, Raymond Carson, Laura J Sahm
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently encounter difficulty understanding their prescription drug labels. This problem is more common in patients with limited health literacy (HL). Patients are not always counselled on their medicines by their doctor or pharmacist, therefore this label can be an important source of information. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a Universal Medication Schedule (UMS) on the knowledge and consolidation of a prescription drug regimen compared to standard pharmacy labelling...
February 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455676/evaluation-of-an-ophthalmoscopy-simulator-to-teach-funduscopy-skills-to-pediatric-residents
#7
Elizabeth Kouzmitcheva, Stephanie A Grover, Tara Berenbaum, Asim Ali, Adelle Atkinson, E Ann Yeh
BACKGROUND: Medical school and residency training in ophthalmoscopic evaluation is limited, reducing diagnostic accuracy. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of self-study using an ophthalmoscopy simulator to improve the technical motor skills involved in direct funduscopy in postgraduate pediatric residents. METHODS: In this randomized-controlled study, 17 pediatric residents (postgraduate years 1-3) were randomized to control (n=8) or intervention (n=9) groups...
February 19, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#8
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453300/school-based-lifestyle-education-involving-parents-for-reducing-subjective-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-japanese-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Junko Watanabe, Mariko Watanabe, Kazue Yamaoka, Misa Adachi, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Severe subjective psychosomatic symptoms (SPS) in adolescents are a major public health concern, and lifestyle modification interventions for reducing SPS are important topics. Recently, we developed a school-based lifestyle education involving parents for reducing SPS of adolescents (SPRAT), an improved version of the programme from our previous study Programme for adolescent of lifestyle education in Kumamoto (PADOK). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of SPRAT in reducing SPS among adolescents...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453235/a-workforce-survey-on-developmental-behavioral-pediatrics
#10
Carolyn Bridgemohan, Nerissa S Bauer, Britt A Nielsen, Anne DeBattista, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Linda B Paul, Nancy Roizen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental-behavioral conditions are common, affecting ∼15% of US children. The prevalence and complexity of these conditions are increasing despite long wait times and a limited pipeline of new providers. We surveyed a convenience sample of the developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) workforce to determine current practices, workforce trends, and future needs. METHODS: An electronic survey was e-mailed to 1568 members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Council on Children with Disabilities, the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, and the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Developmental and Behavioral Mental Health Special Interest Group...
February 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453187/quality-of-web-based-educational-interventions-for-clinicians-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-content-and-usability-assessment
#11
Brittany L Rosen, James M Bishop, Skye L McDonald, Jessica A Kahn, Gary L Kreps
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates fall far short of Healthy People 2020 objectives. A leading reason is that clinicians do not recommend the vaccine consistently and strongly to girls and boys in the age group recommended for vaccination. Although Web-based HPV vaccine educational interventions for clinicians have been created to promote vaccination recommendations, rigorous evaluations of these interventions have not been conducted. Such evaluations are important to maximize the efficacy of educational interventions in promoting clinician recommendations for HPV vaccination...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451924/late-effects-awareness-website-for-pediatric-survivors-of-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#12
Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Ana Navarro, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVES: Every day 43 children are newly diagnosed with cancer. Fortunately, almost 90% of these childhood cancer patients will survive. However, 60-90% of these survivors will experience late effects, health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended. Late effects could occur as a result of the disease, its treatment, and patient-related factors. The two main objectives of this research are to: 1) Examine the existence of all web-based resources for childhood cancer survivors with acute lymphocytic leukemia which focus on medical and psychological aspects of late effects, and 2) Create an innovative website specifically designed to fill this void...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451095/a-tale-of-two-campuses-lessons-learned-in-establishing-a-satellite-campus
#13
Charles Penner
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity." The opening line of Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities could easily be the dramatic opening line of a summary of the establishment of a satellite medical school campus in Manitoba. Reflection on my last four years as associate dean reveals that most of the descriptors in that famous sentence at one time or another were apropos. This brief essay will relate the experiences of the last four years and some of the lessons learned along the way...
February 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450642/risk-factors-of-non-specific-spinal-pain-in-childhood
#14
Julia Szita, Sara Boja, Agnes Szilagyi, Annamaria Somhegyi, Peter Pal Varga, Aron Lazary
PURPOSE: Non-specific spinal pain can occur at all ages and current evidence suggests that pediatric non-specific spinal pain is predictive for adult spinal conditions. A 5-year long, prospective cohort study was conducted to identify the lifestyle and environmental factors leading to non-specific spinal pain in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from school children aged 7-16 years, who were randomly selected from three different geographic regions in Hungary...
February 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450516/paid-family-and-childbearing-leave-policies-at-top-us-medical-schools
#15
Nicholas S Riano, Eleni Linos, Erin C Accurso, Dawn Sung, Elizabeth Linos, Julia F Simard, Christina Mangurian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450238/the-direct-and-indirect-effect-of-loneliness-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Michael T McKay, Svenja Konowalczyk, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole
Alcohol use among adolescents in the United Kingdom (UK) remains relatively high compared to those in other European countries. The present study sought to examine both the direct and indirect effect of loneliness on drinking behavior. Participants were school children (mean age 13.5 years at Time 1) participating in a Randomized Controlled Trial in the UK, who completed a battery of questionnaires examining alcohol-use indicators, loneliness, self-efficacy and sensation seeking at Time 1 and at +12 months...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449245/selection-for-family-medicine-residency-training-in-canada-how-consistently-are-the-same-students-ranked-by-different-programs
#17
Keith Wycliffe-Jones, Kent G Hecker, Shirley Schipper, Maureen Topps, Jeanine Robinson, Tasnima Abedin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency of the ranking of Canadian and US medical graduates who applied to Canadian family medicine (FM) residency programs between 2007 and 2013. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Family medicine residency programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All 17 Canadian medical schools allowed access to their anonymized program rank-order lists of students applying to FM residency programs submitted to the first iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service match from 2007 to 2013...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449235/amazing-idea-blind-medical-school-and-carms-applications-of-all-applicant-names-until-interview-selections-are-complete
#18
Ankit Kapur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447633/modernizing-dermatology-interest-groups-in-medical-school-certificate-programs
#19
Jordan V Wang, Dorota Z Korta, Matthew Keller
This commentary addresses the increasingly competitive nature of applying to dermatology residency programs and how both interest groups in medical schools and their dermatology departments can help to better prepare applicants. As previous literature argued that dermatology has been underemphasized in medical school curricula, we propose five fundamental options that interest groups can implement in order to offer increased exposure to our field in medical training. Furthermore, with therecent trend of many schools conferring certificates in various specialized concentrations, we also discuss interest groups pioneering certificate-grantingprograms in dermatology competency...
November 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446313/digital-chalk-talk-videos-improve-knowledge-and-satisfaction-in-renal-physiology
#20
John K Roberts, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah Engle, Elizabeth K McClain, Emma Jakoi, Michael Berkoben, Ruediger W Lehrich
The authors began a curriculum reform project to improve the experience in a Renal Physiology course for first-year medical students. Taking into account both the variety of learning preferences among students and the benefits of student autonomy, the authors hypothesized that adding digital chalk-talk videos to lecture notes and live lectures would improve student knowledge, course satisfaction, and engagement. The authors measured performance on the renal physiology exam before (the traditional curriculum) and for 2 yr after implementation of the new curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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