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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655581/paternal-understanding-of-menstrual-concerns-in-young-women
#1
Jane E Girling, Samuel Cj Hawthorne, Jennifer L Marino, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Sonia R Grover, Yasmin L Jayasinghe
STUDY OBJECTIVE: No studies have specifically considered paternal understanding of menstruation. This study aimed to establish the degree of understanding of fathers of adolescent girls with menstrual symptoms relative to mothers. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Adolescent patients attending an outpatient gynaecology clinic for dysmenorrhoea and/or heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) and their parents were invited to complete surveys...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655393/seasonal-influenza-among-children-diagnosed-by-their-guardians-a-small-pilot-study-in-japan
#2
Hiroki Maita, Tadashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Osawa, Hiroyuki Kato
AimWe aimed to elucidate the accuracy and optimal cut-off point of the self-diagnosis of influenza and the associated clinical symptoms of children by their guardians, compared with those of the rapid influenza diagnostic test (RIDT). BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza is a common outpatient problem during the winter season. A paediatric influenza epidemic has socio-economic impacts like temporary school closure, school event cancellations, and unscheduled work absences among parents. Hence, early identification and assessment of influenza to prevent its spread is important from a societal perspective...
April 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653209/diversity-in-dermatology-roadmap-for-improvement
#3
Ellen N Pritchett, Amit G Pandya, Nkanyezi N Ferguson, Shasa Hu, Alex G Ortega-Loayza, Henry W Lim
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) has taken an active stance in addressing the lack of racial and ethnic diversity in the specialty. At the AAD President's Conference on Diversity in Dermatology held August 5, 2017, key action items were identified in three main areas in order to increase the number of practicing, board-certified dermatologists who are underrepresented in medicine (UIM). These include: increasing the pipeline of UIM students applying to medical school; increasing the exposure and level of interest of UIM medical students in dermatology; and increasing the number of UIM students recruited into dermatology residency programs...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652954/-time-to-change-the-graduate-postgraduate-liaison-in-chilean-medical-education-reflections-about-a-double-certification-as-physician-and-doctor-in-medical-sciences
#4
Miguel Concha M
In the last 150 years, scientific research has produced extraordinary discoveries in Medicine and there is no doubt that research will continue contributing substantially in the future but there is no the same conviction regarding how to provision such capacities in medical graduates. In Chile, the Faculties of Medicine created several doctorate programs in Medical Sciences (Ph.D.) to strengthen medical research. However, the low number of physicians who apply to these programs is a caveat. These programs provide the advanced third-cycle competencies expected by students aspiring for an excellence research certification and their incorporation into academia...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652107/developing-a-dental-scrubs-ceremony-to-define-professional-identity-and-teach-professionalism-to-dental-undergraduates-lessons-learned
#5
P Neville, L McNally, A Waylen
INTRODUCTION: The UK General Dental Council stipulates that professionalism is a key aspect of the teaching and training of dental students. However, dental educators highlight that teaching dental student's professionalism can be challenging and students often rate this teaching activity negatively. This article documents a teaching initiative at one UK Dental School that aimed to strengthen the professionalism curriculum by introducing a Dental Scrubs Ceremony for second-year students...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651305/student-perceptions-of-the-education-environment-in-a-spanish-medical-podiatry-school
#6
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Daniel López-López
Background: The aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of the educational environment (EE) in a Spanish school of podiatry. Various aspects of EE were compared by academic year in the program. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to collect perceptions using data from a 2015 survey. Podiatric medical students from Extremadura University participated in this study. EE was assessed with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) tool...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650522/medical-schools-should-be-prioritising-nutrition-and-lifestyle-education
#7
Kate Womersley, Katherine Ripullone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#8
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650169/the-need-for-first-aid-education-for-adolescents
#9
Nur Amirah Mohd Sharif, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Farrah Ilyani Che Jamaludin, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649631/simultaneous-risk-factor-control-using-telehealth-to-slow-progression-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-stop-dkd-study-protocol-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Megan M Oakes, Clemontina A Davenport, Jane F Pendergast, Sejal Patel, Jivan Moaddeb, Huiman X Barnhart, Peter D Merrill, Khaula Baloch, Matthew J Crowley, Uptal D Patel
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the United States. Multiple risk factors contribute to DKD development, yet few interventions target more than a single DKD risk factor at a time. This manuscript describes the study protocol, recruitment, and baseline participant characteristics for the Simultaneous Risk Factor Control Using Telehealth to slOw Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease (STOP-DKD) study. The STOP-DKD study is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial behavioral and medication management intervention to mitigate kidney function decline at 3 years compared to usual care...
April 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649370/the-psychosocial-impact-of-cleft-in-a-western-australian-cohort-across-3-age-groups
#11
Wendy Nicholls, Linda A Selvey, Craig Harper, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson
BACKGROUND: Management of a cleft of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) involves a multidisciplinary team approach lasting from birth to potentially postskeletal maturity. This condition is complex, with both medical and psychosocial implications that may place individuals with a cleft at higher risk of developing psychosocial problems. METHODOLOGY: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a sample from the Western Australian cleft population comprising 3 age groups: child (n = 100), adolescent (n = 101), and adult (n = 158)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649248/psychological-wellbeing-of-children-at-public-primary-schools-in-jimma-town-an-orphan-and-non-orphan-comparative-study
#12
Muluken Tigistu Hailegiorgis, Tezera Moshago Berheto, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo, Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Gashaw Tesfa, Fitsum Birhanu
INTRODUCTION: Orphans face multiple challenges including insufficient food, shelter, schooling, and medical care. Most research on orphans in developing countries concentrates on nutrition and health status. The present study aims to explore the psychological wellbeing of in-school orphaned and non-orphaned children. METHOD: A comparative cross-sectional study design was used in 370 randomly selected children aged between 10 and 18. Two rosters (one for orphans and one for non-orphans) were created, and then 185 were selected from each roster...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649199/the-otago-medical-school-anatomy-museum-collection-taonga-for-learning-in-the-21st-century
#13
Louisa Jm Baillie, Christopher L Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649057/eliminating-geographical-bias-improves-match-results-an-analysis-of-program-preferences-and-their-impact-on-rank-lists-and-results
#14
Purushottam A Nagarkar, Jeffrey E Janis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that programs emphasize USMLE scores, publications, and geography in creating rank lists. We aimed to quantify the importance of geography and to determine how eliminating geographic preferences would affect Match outcomes. METHODS: The Match algorithm was implemented and validated on six years of de-identified data from SF Match (2009-2014). A 'consensus' ranking was generated for each year-all applicants were ordered into a single list using Markov chain rank aggregation...
March 30, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648898/use-of-standard-guidelines-for-department-of-medicine-summary-letters
#15
Matthew Fitz, Jeffrey La Rochelle, Valerie Lang, Deborah DeWaay, William Adams, Farah Nasraty
Phenomenon: Fourth-year medical students obtain Department of Medicine (DOM) letters ("Chair" letters) to support their residency applications. Writing and interpreting DOM letters are challenging. There is heterogeneity in the letters that makes it difficult to both write and read these letters. APPROACH: The purpose of this study is to determine the value of new guidelines developed by a task force of clerkship directors and program directors in internal medicine and assess the implementation of these guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648678/a-shortage-of-cadavers-the-predicament-of-regional-anatomy-education-in-mainland-china
#16
Dan Chen, Qi Zhang, Jing Deng, Yan Cai, Jufang Huang, Fang Li, Kun Xiong
Both in mainland China and around the world, regional anatomy stands as one of the most important basic science courses in medical school curricula. As such, dissection of human cadavers and use of prosected specimens remains the most essential teaching method in anatomy education. However, medical educators have raised increasing concerns about an ongoing shortage of cadavers for medical use in mainland China, a problem which may seriously limit the future development of human anatomy education. Based on a survey on cadaver usage in anatomy education in mainland China, this study found that the cadaver resources of most given medical schools in mainland China are associated with their geographic location, academic ranking, and local support for body donation policies...
April 12, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644101/spinal-cord-injury-epidemiological-profile-in-the-sarah-network-of-rehabilitation-hospitals-a-brazilian-population-sample
#17
D C Barbetta, T R Smanioto, M F Poletto, Rfa Ferreira, Acg Lopes, F M Casaro, Acs Camargo, T O Ogashawara
Study design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), who visited the Sarah Network in 2014. Setting: Brazil, Brasília-Federal District. Methods: A review of the electronic medical records of persons with SCI, aged over 15 years, was carried out. Results: The medical records of 2076 persons were evaluated: 83% were male, the mean age was 31 years, 40% did not complete elementary school, 67...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643871/an-examination-of-the-sexual-functions-of-patients-who-underwent-a-gynecologic-cancer-operation-and-received-brachytherapy
#18
Ozlem Guner, Sureyya Gumussoy, Nigar Celik, Aynur Saruhan, Oya Kavlak
Objective: This study was planned as a descriptive study for the purpose of examining the sexual functions of patients' who underwent a gynecological operation and received brachytherapy. Methods: The study was conducted with 118 women who attended the Radiation Oncology Unit at Ege University Medical Faculty Hospital in Izmir Province for Gynecological Oncology follow-up, who participated voluntarily and were assigned using the random sampling method. The participants were married, sexually active, had a diagnosis of gynecologic cancer, underwent an operation and received brachytherapy for four months after the operation...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643089/physicians-political-preferences-and-the-delivery-of-end-of-life-care-in-the-united-states-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Anupam B Jena, Andrew R Olenski, Dhruv Khullar, Adam Bonica, Howard Rosenthal
OBJECTIVES: To compare the delivery of end of life care given to US Medicare beneficiaries in hospital by internal medicine physicians with Republican versus Democrat political affiliations. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: US Medicare. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of Medicare beneficiaries, who were admitted to hospital in 2008-12 with a general medical condition, and died in hospital or shortly thereafter...
April 11, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642750/the-optic-pathway-the-development-of-an-elearning-animation
#20
Claire Cooper, Caroline Erolin
The optic pathway is responsible for sending visual information from the eyes to the brain via electrical impulses. It is essential that a sound understanding of this pathway is established in order to determine an accurate diagnosis concerning visual field defects. Although easy for trained neurologists to understand, it is an area which medical students repeatedly struggle to visualise. It is proposed that audio-visual teaching resources can improve students understanding of complex areas of importance. This article describes the development and evaluation of a short animation created for use in the undergraduate neurology curriculum at the University of Dundee School of Medicine...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
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