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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053664/scientific-production-of-vice-chancellors-for-research-in-peruvian-universities-with-a-medical-school
#1
Percy Herrera-Añazco, Germán Valenzuela-Rodríguez, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Germán Málaga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the scientific production of Research Vice-chancellors at Peruvian universities that have medical schools, as well as their academic degrees as an indirect way to evaluate their suitability for the position they hold. METHODS: We searched all Peruvian universities that register medical schools. Of these, the scientific production of the universities registered in SCOPUS was identified in September of the 2016. The scientific production of the vice chancellors of investigation of these faculties of medicine was determined through the search of its scientific publications registered in SCOPUS and those reported in the National Registry of Researchers in Science and Technology...
October 19, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052274/health-education-and-competency-scale-development-and-testing
#2
Huei-Lih Hwang, Mei-Ling Kuo, Chin-Tang Tu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool for measuring competency in conducting health education and to evaluate its psychometric properties in a population of entry-level nurses. BACKGROUND: Until now, no generic instrument has been developed specifically for measuring competency in health education, which is an essential competency for nurses. Existing scales are either insufficient for psychometric evaluation or are designed specifically for senior nurses. To evaluate curricula and courses designed for entry-level nurses, educators require an instrument for measuring improvement in core competency from baseline to determine whether the minimum level of ability has been achieved...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#3
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#4
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#5
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050177/-application-of-three-dimensional-visualization-in-pancreatic-tumor-a-pilot-study
#6
S Z Wang, X B Wang, M Li, R X Shen, H Rong, J S Li
Objective: To study the value of three-dimensional(3D) visualization in the diagnosis and surgical treatment for pancreatic tumor. Methods: From June to September 2016, 26 patients with pancreatic tumors in Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were involved. The study included 26 patients(8 females and 18 males) with mean age of (57±12)years (ranging from 23 to 77 years). And there were 20 malignant tumors and 6 benign tumors. All of them were examined with abdominal thin slice CT scanning and the CT images were imported into 3D visualization system for 3D visualization...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048928/epidemiology-of-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-among-united-states-high-school-baseball-players-school-years-2005-2006-through-2014-2015
#7
Michael G Saper, Lauren A Pierpoint, Wei Liu, R Dawn Comstock, John D Polousky, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Shoulder and elbow injuries are common in young athletes, especially high school baseball players. Understanding the risk factors associated with baseball injuries is an essential first step in the development of injury prevention strategies. PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive understanding of the epidemiology of shoulder and elbow injuries among high school baseball players in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048590/family-functioning-medical-self-management-and-health-outcomes-among-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-mediation-model
#8
Alexandra M Psihogios, Lauren C Daniel, Reem Tarazi, Kim Smith-Whitley, Chavis A Patterson, Lamia P Barakat
Background: Informed by the Pediatric Self-Management Model, the present study tested relationships between parent and family functioning, sickle cell disease (SCD) self-management, and health outcomes for children with SCD. Method: 83 children with SCD and a parent completed baseline data as part of a larger investigation of a family-based, problem-solving intervention for children with SCD (M age = 8.47). Youth and parents completed a measure of child health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and parents completed measures of family efficacy, parenting stress, and SCD self-management...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048520/pain-acceptance-as-a-predictor-of-medical-utilization-and-school-absenteeism-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#9
Michelle A Clementi, Grace S Kao, Evelyn Monico
Objective: Identifying factors contributing to high medical utilization and productivity loss is important, given the high cost of pediatric chronic pain. The current study examined chronic pain acceptance as a predictor of medical utilization and school absenteeism in adolescents with chronic pain. Methods: In all, 122 adolescents (aged 12-21 years) with chronic pain and their parents/guardians completed questionnaires assessing medical visits (past 6 months), medication usage, and number of school absences (past month)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048365/integrating-autism-care-through-a-school-based-intervention-model-a-pilot-study
#10
Katherine Dang, Stephen Bent, Brittany Lawton, Tracy Warren, Felicia Widjaja, Michael G McDonald, Michael Breard, Whitney O'Keefe, Robert L Hendren
The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of monitoring the progress of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) both in school and at home to promote a school-based integrated care model between parents, teachers, and medical providers. This is a prospective cohort study. To monitor progress, outcome measures were administered via an online platform developed for caregivers and teachers of children (n = 30) attending a school specializing in neurodevelopmental disorders and using an integrated medical and education program...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045990/electronic-health-record-impacts-on-family-medicine-teachers-survey-of-third-year-medical-student-clerkship-preceptors-at-an-academic-medical-center
#11
Elizabeth Curry, Tamara K Oser, Sean M Oser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use in clinical practice has accelerated in recent years. While several aspects of EHR use have been extensively studied, there is little data on EHR impacts on medical student educators, especially those involved in outpatient family medicine. This study evaluated perceived impacts of EHR use on clinician teachers of outpatient family medicine. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods survey of clinicians who teach third-year medical students during the required family and community medicine outpatient clerkship at a Mid-Atlantic medical school...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045987/perspectives-of-family-medicine-clerkship-directors-regarding-forward-feeding-a-cera-study
#12
Lisa D Mims, Alexei O DeCastro, Ann G Kelly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Forward feeding signifies sharing information about learners for purposes of professional and academic advancement, and promotes progression toward a competency-based educational continuum. The aim of this study is to assess reasons for difficulty or failure of the family medicine clerkship and investigate utilization and methods of forward feeding. Reasons behind medical school policies regarding forward feeding are also evaluated. METHODS: Data were collected through the 2013 Council of Academic Family Medicine (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Family Medicine Clerkship Director survey...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045985/entry-of-medical-school-graduates-into-family-medicine-residencies-2016-2017
#13
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Julie P Marcinek, Ashley Bentley, Gerald T Fetter
This annual report is an expansion on previous reports in this series that provides further evidence that the current medical school system is failing, collectively, to produce the primary care workforce that is needed to achieve optimal health in the United States. Inclusion of data on the performance of DO-granting and international medical schools, creates a more complete and complex picture of the contribution of all medical school types to the primary care workforce that should allow stakeholders to set goals, identify institutions with models from which to learn, and develop strategies for continuous improvement...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045275/medical-education-in-decentralized-settings-how-medical-students-contribute-to-health-care-in-10-sub-saharan-african-countries
#14
Zohray Talib, Susan van Schalkwyk, Ian Couper, Swaha Pattanaik, Khadija Turay, Atiene S Sagay, Rhona Baingana, Sarah Baird, Bernhard Gaede, Jehu Iputo, Minnie Kibore, Rachel Manongi, Antony Matsika, Mpho Mogodi, Jeremais Ramucesse, Heather Ross, Moses Simuyeba, Damen Haile-Mariam
PURPOSE: African medical schools are expanding, straining resources at tertiary health facilities. Decentralizing clinical training can alleviate this tension. This study assessed the impact of decentralized training and contribution of undergraduate medical students at health facilities. METHOD: Participants were from 11 Medical Education Partnership Initiative-funded medical schools in 10 African countries. Each school identified two clinical training sites-one rural and the other either peri-urban or urban...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045274/recruiting-american-indian-alaska-native-students-to-medical-school-a-multi-institutional-alliance-in-the-u-s-southwest
#15
Marlene P Ballejos, Polly Olsen, Tanisha Price-Johnson, Cindy Garcia, Tassy Parker, Robert E Sapién, Valerie Romero-Leggott
PROBLEM: Despite national efforts to diversify the physician workforce, American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals have the least representation of all major racial and ethnic groups. Limited resources at state medical schools present institution-level recruitment challenges. Unified efforts to engage AI/AN students in premedical education activities are needed. APPROACH: The medical schools at the Universities of Arizona (Phoenix and Tucson), Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah identified a collective need to increase student diversity, particularly with regard to AI/AN students...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045260/encopresis-plus
#16
DePorres Cormier, Marie Reilly, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Dexter is a 12-year-old boy who presents with his maternal grandmother for follow-up to primary care for secondary encopresis. Dexter presented, 18 months ago, with a 3-month history of secondary encopresis. At that time, a comprehensive assessment revealed functional constipation resulting in encopresis. Dexter's symptoms resolved with a combination of medication management and behavioral strategies; laxatives were discontinued 12 months ago.Dexter's grandmother reports that for the past 6 months, her grandson developed encopresis once again...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044652/the-impact-of-accreditation-on-medical-schools-processes
#17
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian, Carol Kamin, Ilene B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Increased emphasis is being placed worldwide on accreditation of undergraduate medical education programmes, and costs of participation in accreditation continue to rise. The primary purposes of accreditation are to ensure the quality of medical education and to promote quality improvement. Student performance data as indicators of the impact of accreditation have important limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of accreditation using an innovative marker: the processes implemented at medical schools as a result of accreditation...
October 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043906/parkinson-s-disease-and-the-quest-for-preclinical-diagnosis-an-interview-with-professor-werner-poewe
#18
Werner Poewe
Werner Poewe speaks to Laura Dormer, Editorial Director: Professor Werner Poewe is Professor of Neurology and Director of the Department of Neurology at Innsbruck Medical University in Innsbruck, Austria. He held a Residency in Clinical Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, from 1977 to 1984. From 1984 to 1985 he teamed up with Gerald Stern and Andrew Lees as a British Council Research Fellow at University College and Middlesex Hospital's Medical School in London to perform clinical studies into levodopa-induced dystonia and pharmacokinetics of levodopa in naive versus L-Dopa treated Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043453/serum-carbohydrate-antigen-125-is-a-significant-prognostic-marker-in-patients-with-unresectable-advanced-or-recurrent-gastric-cancer
#19
Tsutomu Namikawa, Yasuhiro Kawanishi, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Jun Iwabu, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
PURPOSE: We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of three tumor markers: carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), and carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), in the pretreatment serum of patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective analysis were 245 patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer diagnosed at Kochi Medical School between 2007 and 2015. We ascertained the sensitivity of CEA, CA19-9, and CA125 to identify a certain survival time and then evaluated the relative prognosis of the patients...
October 17, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043155/catatonia-as-a-putative-nosological-entity-a-historical-sketch
#20
REVIEW
Gábor Gazdag, Rozalia Takács, Gabor S Ungvari
Kahlbaum was the first to propose catatonia as a separate disease following the example of general paresis of the insane, which served as a model for establishing a nosological entity. However, Kahlbaum was uncertain about the nosological position of catatonia and considered it a syndrome, or "a temporary stage or a part of a complex picture of various disease forms". Until recently, the issue of catatonia as a separate diagnostic category was not entertained, mainly due to a misinterpretation of Kraepelin's influential views on catatonia as a subtype of schizophrenia...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
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