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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742825/impact-of-maternal-and-neonatal-health-initiatives-on-inequity-in-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-bangladesh
#2
Mohammad Rifat Haider, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Md Moinuddin, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Shakil Ahmed, M Mahmud Khan
BACKGROUND: Despite remarkable progress in maternal and child health, inequity persists in maternal care utilization in Bangladesh. Government of Bangladesh (GOB) with technical assistance from United Nation Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO) started implementing Maternal and Neonatal Health Initiatives in selected districts of Bangladesh (MNHIB) in 2007 with an aim to reduce inequity in healthcare utilization. This study examines the effect of MNHIB on inequity in maternal care utilization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742101/urban-rural-differences-in-disability-free-life-expectancy-in-bangladesh-using-the-2010-hies-data
#3
Md Shariful Islam, Md Ismail Tareque, Md Nazrul Islam Mondal, Ahbab Mohammad Fazle Rabbi, Hafiz T A Khan, Sharifa Begum
BACKGROUND: Research on health expectancy has been carried out in Bangladesh but none of it has examined the differences in Disability-Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) between urban and rural setting in context of rapid urbanization of Bangladesh in past decades. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to estimate DFLE for people of all ages living in urban and rural areas in Bangladesh, and to examine the differences in DFLE between these two areas. METHODS: Data from the Sample Vital Registration System 2010 and the Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) 2010 were used in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742049/reduced-and-full-order-observers-for-delayed-genetic-regulatory-networks
#4
Xian Zhang, Xiaofei Fan, Ligang Wu
This paper is centered upon the state estimation for delayed genetic regulatory networks. Our aim is at estimating the concentrations of mRNAs and proteins by designing reduced-order and full-order state observers based on available network outputs. We introduce a Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional including quadruplicate integrals, and estimate its derivative by employing the Wirtinger-type integral inequalities, reciprocal convex technique, and convex technique. From which, delay-dependent sufficient conditions, in the form of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), are investigated to ensure that the resultant error system is asymptotically stable...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740623/patient-access-to-reimbursed-biological-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-the-european-region
#5
Zoltán Kaló, Zoltán Vokó, Andrew Östör, Emma Clifton-Brown, Radu Vasilescu, Alysia Battersby, Edward Gibson
Background & Objectives: Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are not always accessible to all patients in accordance with international guidelines, partly owing to their high direct costs against a background of restricted healthcare budgets. This study compares the size of RA patient populations with access to reimbursed bDMARDs across 37 European countries, Russia, and Turkey, according to their treatment eligibility defined by European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations and national reimbursement criteria...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740618/ethical-issues-associated-with-medical-tourism-in-africa
#6
REVIEW
John J O Mogaka, Lucia Mupara, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
Global disparities in medical technologies, laws, economic inequities, and social-cultural differences drive medical tourism (MT), the practice of travelling to consume healthcare that is either too delayed, unavailable, unaffordable or legally proscribed at home. Africa is simultaneously a source and destination for MT. MT however, presents a new and challenging health ethics frontier, being largely unregulated and characterized by policy contradictions, minority discrimination and conflict of interest among role-players...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740510/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-bioethical-lens
#7
REVIEW
Arcangelo Liso, Margherita Neri, Francesca Maglietta, Raffaele La Russa, Emanuela Turillazzi
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is one of a range of therapeutic options available to patients suffering from various diseases. HSCT procedure involves important ethical and legal aspects that can occur at every phase of the procedure: the clinical choice of whether to perform the procedure, pretransplantation preparation regimens, donor selection, stem cell harvest procedure, transplantation phase, and short-term and long-term follow-up care. In this discussion paper, we outline the ethical issue-facing physicians involved in HSCT...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739609/a-national-quitline-service-and-its-promotion-in-the-mass-media-modelling-the-health-gain-health-equity-and-cost-utility
#8
Nhung Nghiem, Christine L Cleghorn, William Leung, Nisha Nair, Frederieke S van der Deen, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns and quitlines are both important distinct components of tobacco control programmes around the world. But when used as an integrated package, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness are not well described. We therefore aimed to estimate the health gain, health equity impacts and cost-utility of the package of a national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media. METHODS: We adapted an established Markov and multistate life-table macro-simulation model...
July 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739534/insurance-coverage-and-well-child-visits-improved-for-youth-under-the-affordable-care-act-but-latino-youth-still-lag-behind
#9
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Jie Chen, Héctor E Alcalá, Brent A Langellier, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there have been changes in insurance coverage and health care utilization for youth before and after the national implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and to assess whether racial and ethnic inequities have improved. METHODS: Data are from 64,565 youth (ages 0-17) participants in the 2011-2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We conducted multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine how the period after national implementation of the ACA (years 2011-2013 versus years 2014-2015) was associated with health insurance coverage and utilization of health care services (well-child visits, having visited an emergency department, and having visited a physician, all in the past 12 months), and whether changes over the pre- and post-ACA periods varied by race and Latino ethnicity...
July 21, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738872/a-population-based-study-of-homicide-deaths-in-ontario-canada-using-linked-death-records
#10
James Lachaud, Peter D Donnelly, David Henry, Kathy Kornas, Andrew Calzavara, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura Rosella
BACKGROUND: Homicide - a lethal expression of violence - has garnered little attention from public health researchers and health policy makers, despite the fact that homicides are a cause of preventable and premature death. Identifying populations at risk and the upstream determinants of homicide are important for addressing inequalities that hinder population health. This population-based study investigates the public health significance of homicides in Ontario, Canada, over the period of 1999-2012...
July 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738806/financial-crisis-and-income-related-inequalities-in-the-universal-provision-of-a-public-service-the-case-of-healthcare-in-spain
#11
Ignacio Abásolo, Marc Saez, Guillem López-Casasnovas
BACKGROUND: The objective of this paper is to analyse whether the recent recession has altered health care utilisation patterns of different income groups in Spain. METHODS: Based on information concerning individuals 'income and health care use, along with health need indicators and demographic characteristics (provided by the Spanish National Health Surveys from 2006/07 and 2011/12), econometric models are estimated in two parts (mixed logistic regressions and truncated negative binominal regressions) for each of the public health services studied (family doctor appointments, appointments with specialists, hospitalisations, emergencies and prescription drug use)...
July 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738213/determinants-of-the-magnitude-of-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-mortality-a-study-of-17-european-countries
#12
Johan P Mackenbach, Matthias Bopp, Patrick Deboosere, Katalin Kovacs, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Rianne de Gelder
The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970-2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty...
July 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737355/-the-silent-disappearance-of-padhue-doctors-the-end-of-a-state-injustice-or-a-new-form-of-exclusion
#13
Alice Desclaux
Up until recently in France, physicians who obtained their degrees outside the European Union had a specifically disadvantaged status, that was supposed to be eliminated by the end of 2016. Until that date, a selective qualification process authorized foreign physicians to “full practice”. The deadline has been postponed to 2017 to resolve the complicated situations of certain doctors and to avoid tensions in hospital wards. These developments raise questions about the working conditions and motivations for migration of foreign medical doctors, particularly African doctors, who participate in the French healthcare system, and the obstacles to their integration...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736871/inequitable-health-service-use-in-a-canadian-paediatric-population-a-cross-sectional-study-of-individual-and-contextual-level-factors
#14
C Holtz, J Gilliland, A Thind, P Wilk, M K Campbell
BACKGROUND: Health service use may be influenced by multilevel predisposing, enabling, and need factors but is equitable when driven by need. The study's objectives were as follows: (a) to investigate residential context's effect on child health service use and (b) to examine inequity of child health service use by testing for effect measure modification of need factors. METHODS: The sample of 1,451 children was from a prenatal cohort recruited from London, Ontario, between 2002 and 2004, with follow-up until children were toddler/preschooler-aged...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736609/shifting-livelihood-strategies-in-northern-nigeria-extensified-production-and-livelihood-diversification-amongst-fulani-pastoralists
#15
Ayodele O Majekodunmi, Charles Dongkum, Tok Langs, Alexandra P M Shaw, Susan C Welburn
This paper presents an in-depth investigation of the livelihood strategies of Fulani pastoralists in north central Nigeria. Results show a diversified crop-livestock system aimed at spreading risk and reducing cattle offtake, adapted to natural resource competition and insecurity by extensification, with further diversification into off-farm activities to spread risk, increase livelihood security and capture opportunities. However, significant costs were associated with extensification, and integration of crop and livestock enterprises was limited...
2017: Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736491/next-generalization-of-c%C3%A3-rtoaje-s-inequality
#16
Ladislav Matejíčka
In this paper, we classify sets of solutions of the next generalized Cîrtoaje's inequality and its reverse, respectively.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#17
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735453/comparing-oral-health-services-use-in-the-spanish-and-immigrant-working-population
#18
Natalia Muñoz-Pino, Carmen Vives-Cases, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Elena Ronda-Pérez
We aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011-2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26-2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734964/removing-user-fees-for-health-services-a-multi-epistemological-perspective-on-access-inequities-in-senegal
#19
Philipa Mladovsky, Maymouna Ba
Plan Sésame (PS) is a user fee exemption policy launched in 2006 to provide free access to health services to Senegalese citizens aged 60 and over. Analysis of a large household survey evaluating PS echoes findings of other studies showing that user fee removal can be highly inequitable. 34 semi-structured interviews and 19 focus group discussions with people aged 60 and over were conducted in four regions in Senegal (Dakar, Diourbel, Matam and Tambacounda) over a period of six months during 2012. They were analysed to identify underlying causes of exclusion from/inclusion in PS and triangulated with the household survey...
July 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734671/health-inequality-across-prefectures-in-japan
#20
Churnrurtai Kanchanachitra, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Lancet
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