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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793129/global-mittag-leffler-stability-and-synchronization-analysis-of-fractional-order-quaternion-valued-neural-networks-with-linear-threshold-neurons
#1
Xujun Yang, Chuandong Li, Qiankun Song, Jiyang Chen, Junjian Huang
This paper talks about the stability and synchronization problems of fractional-order quaternion-valued neural networks (FQVNNs) with linear threshold neurons. On account of the non-commutativity of quaternion multiplication resulting from Hamilton rules, the FQVNN models are separated into four real-valued neural network (RVNN) models. Consequently, the dynamic analysis of FQVNNs can be realized by investigating the real-valued ones. Based on the method of M-matrix, the existence and uniqueness of the equilibrium point of the FQVNNs are obtained without detailed proof...
May 4, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792260/widening-participation-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pasifika-students-in-health-careers-evaluation-of-two-health-science-academies
#2
Lesley Middleton, Ausaga Faasalele Tanuvasa, Megan Pledger, Nicola Grace, Kirsten Smiler, Tua Taueetia Loto-Su'a, Jacqueline Cumming
Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of two health science academies established by a district health board in South Auckland, New Zealand, to create a health workforce pipeline for local Māori and Pasifika students. Methods A mixed-methods approach was used, involving background discussions with key informants to generate an initial logic model of how the academies work, followed by secondary analysis of students' records relating to retention and academic achievement, a survey of senior academy students' interest in particular health careers and face-to-face interviews and focus groups with students, families and teachers...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792189/a-cross-sectional-ecological-analysis-of-international-and-sub-national-health-inequalities-in-commercial-geospatial-resource-availability
#3
Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Nicola Wardrop, Ademola Adewole, Mair L H Thomas, Jim Wright
BACKGROUND: Commercial geospatial data resources are frequently used to understand healthcare utilisation. Although there is widespread evidence of a digital divide for other digital resources and infra-structure, it is unclear how commercial geospatial data resources are distributed relative to health need. METHODS: To examine the distribution of commercial geospatial data resources relative to health needs, we assembled coverage and quality metrics for commercial geocoding, neighbourhood characterisation, and travel time calculation resources for 183 countries...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791753/double-jeopardy-missed-care-for-the-vulnerable-in-community-settings
#4
EDITORIAL
Annamaria Bagnasco, Fiona Timmins, Giuseppe Aleo, Loredana Sasso
Inequitable access of the world's population to quality health services is still a problem, despite the fact that good health and wellbeing are recognised as a fundamental human rights (United Nations, 2016). Reducing inequities in health is a major focus of international policy (World Health Organisation, 2015) and in the context of an ever-aging population, world recession, limited resources, and to promote independence in health, community care schemes are gaining increasing popularity (Phelan et al 2017)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791745/nursing-as-a-pathway-to-women-s-empowerment-and-inter-generational-mobility
#5
Sharon Brownie, Abdul Haq Wahedna, Nigel Crisp
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of nursing education on the intergenerational mobility of graduates of nursing upskilling programs. BACKGROUND: Challenges for low and middle-income countries include poverty and limited access to health, education, and social services compounded by workforce shortages, inequality, and female disempowerment. Little is known about the impact of nursing education on women's empowerment and intergenerational mobility in such settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791663/-evolution-and-revolution-the-anarchist-geographers-elis%C3%A3-e-reclus-and-p%C3%A3-tr-kropotkin-and-their-connection-to-modern-science-in-the-nineteenth-and-twentieth-centuries
#6
Federico Ferretti
This text examines the construction of a line of scientific thinking by a group of anarchist geographers who were active in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, most famously represented by Elisée Reclus and Pëtr Kropotkin. The members of this network were simultaneously intellectuals and activists, and the originality of their scientific production stands out in comparison with the science of that time. They were also interested in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and pedagogy, and used the scientific tools from the leading intellectual trains of thought of that era (such as positivism and especially evolutionism) in an attempt to reach different conclusions that did not justify social inequalities, but rather could be used to construct a fairer society...
May 10, 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791555/who-are-the-patients-with-tuberculosis-who-are-diagnosed-in-emergency-facilities-an-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#7
Otavio Tavares Ranzani, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Eliseu Alves Waldman, Elena Prina, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Early tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment are determinants of better outcomes and effective disease control. Although tuberculosis should ideally be managed in a primary care setting, a proportion of patients are diagnosed in emergency facilities (EFs). We sought to describe patient characteristics by place of tuberculosis diagnosis and determine whether the place of diagnosis is associated with treatment outcomes. A secondary objective was to determine whether municipal indicators are associated with the probability of tuberculosis diagnosis in EFs...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791005/no-one-left-behind-postevent-experiences-of-differently-abled-individuals-in-denmark
#8
Adnan Todorovac, Louise Damsbo Simonsen, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study explored barriers and difficulties faced by individuals with a physical disability (IPD) in Denmark in situations of disaster and in everyday problems. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 IPD who had experienced a possible traumatic event. Due to a lack of participants who experienced a traumatic event, the authors expanded their recruitment strategy to include IPD, who had experienced other critical situations (eg, accidents and personal crises)...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790831/informal-recyclers-health-inequities-in-vancouver-bc
#9
Josie Wittmer, Kate Parizeau
We explore informal recyclers' perceptions and experiences of the social determinants of health in Vancouver, Canada, and investigate the factors that contribute to the environmental health inequities they experience. Based on in-depth interviews with 40 informal recyclers and 7 key informants, we used a social determinants of health framework to detail the health threats that informal recyclers associated with their work and the factors that influenced their access to health-related resources and services...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788972/inequity-in-the-utilization-of-antenatal-and-delivery-care-in-yangon-region-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Aye Nyein Moe Myint, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Thein Thein Htay, Myint Myint Wai, Johanne Sundby, Espen Bjertness
BACKGROUND: Equity of access to and utilization of healthcare across socio-economic groups is important to achieve universal health coverage. Although the utilization of antenatal and delivery care has been increasing in low- and middle-income countries, inequities in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care have been reported in many countries, but have not yet been studied in Myanmar. This study aimed to determine whether inequities in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care existed in Yangon region, Myanmar...
May 22, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788380/good-intentions-are-not-enough-how-informatics-interventions-can-worsen-inequality
#11
Tiffany C Veinot, Hannah Mitchell, Jessica S Ancker
Health informatics interventions are designed to help people avoid, recover from, or cope with disease and disability, or to improve the quality and safety of healthcare. Unfortunately, they pose a risk of producing intervention-generated inequalities (IGI) by disproportionately benefiting more advantaged people. In this perspective paper, we discuss characteristics of health-related interventions known to produce IGI, explain why health informatics interventions are particularly vulnerable to this phenomenon, and describe safeguards that can be implemented to improve health equity...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787684/trends-and-variation-in-prescribing-of-low-priority-treatments-identified-by-nhs-england-a-cross-sectional-study-and-interactive-data-tool-in-english-primary-care
#12
Alex J Walker, Helen J Curtis, Seb Bacon, Richard Croker, Ben Goldacre
Objectives NHS England recently announced a consultation seeking to discourage the use of treatments it considers to be low-value. We set out to produce an interactive data resource to show savings in each NHS general practice and to assess the current use of these treatments, their change in use over time, and the extent and reasons for variation in such prescribing. Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting English primary care. Participants English general practices. Main outcome measures We determined the cost per 1000 patients for prescribing of each of 18 treatments identified by NHS England for each month from July 2012 to June 2017, and also aggregated over the most recent year to assess total cost and variation among practices...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#13
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786515/research-brief-persistent-social-inequality-in-medicine-use-for-headache-among-adolescents-in-denmark-1991-2014
#14
Bjørn Evald Holstein, Anne Maj Denbæk, Anette Andersen, Pernille Due
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic variation in adolescents' medicine use behaviour is an understudied issue. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between socioeconomic background and medicine use for headache among adolescents, and how this association changes over time. METHODS: Data stem from the Danish part of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study 1991-2014 with data about parents' occupational social class (OSC) and self-reported medicine use for headache, n = 26,685...
May 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786494/failure-to-tackle-suicide-inequalities-across-europe
#15
Jayati Das-Munshi, Graham Thornicroft
SummaryIn this issue, Lorant et al. confirm a social gradient in risk of suicide, across 15 European countries, over a period of marked social change. Understanding contextual and life-course factors, and acknowledging under-funding for mental health and failures to implement national mental health policies, may provide the reasons for these disparities.Declaration of interestNone.
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786492/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-suicide-in-europe-the-widening-gap
#16
Vincent Lorant, Rianne de Gelder, Dharmi Kapadia, Carme Borrell, Ramune Kalediene, Katalin Kovács, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Bjørn Heine Strand, Matthias Bopp, Johan P Mackenbach
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been decreasing over the past decade. However, we do not know whether socioeconomic inequality in suicide has been decreasing as well.AimsWe assessed recent trends in socioeconomic inequalities in suicide in 15 European populations. METHOD: The DEMETRIQ study collected and harmonised register-based data on suicide mortality follow-up of population censuses, from 1991 and 2001, in European populations aged 35-79. Absolute and relative inequalities of suicide according to education were computed on more than 300 million person-years...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785264/delay-and-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-the-case-of-two-nordic-countries
#17
Ida Pesonen, Lisa Carlson, Nicola Murgia, Riitta Kaarteenaho, Carl Magnus Sköld, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Giovanni Ferrara
Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive loss of lung function with high mortality within the first 5 years from diagnosis. In 2011-2014, two drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have been approved worldwide for prevention of IPF progression. National IPF-registries have been established in both Finland and Sweden. Our study explored potential differences in the care of IPF in these two countries. Methods: Patients included consecutively in the Finnish and Swedish IPF-registries from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2016 were included in the study...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784896/measuring-and-explaining-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-public-healthcare-utilization-in-western-iran-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Shahab Rezaeian, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Satar Rezaei, Sina Ahmadi, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Yahya Salimi
BACKGROUND: Equity in healthcare utilization is a major health policy goal in all healthcare systems. This study aimed to examine socioeconomic inequalities in public healthcare utilization in Kermanshah City, western Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Using convenience sampling method, 2040 adult aged 18-65 yr were enrolled from Kermanshah City in 2017. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, behavioral factors, and utilization of public healthcare services (inpatient and outpatient care) over the period between from May to Aug 2017...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784607/telestroke-adoption-among-community-hospitals-in-north-carolina-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Christopher M Shea, Amir Alishahi Tabriz, Kea Turner, Steve North, Kristin L Reiter
OBJECTIVE: This study identifies community and hospital characteristics associated with adoption of telestroke among acute care hospitals in North Carolina (NC). METHODS: Our sample included 107 hospitals located in NC. Our analytic dataset included variables from the American Hospital Association (AHA) annual survey, AHA Health IT supplement, Healthcare Cost Report Information System, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's WONDER online database. We supplemented our secondary sources with data on telestroke adoption and market-level variables developed for NC...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784525/sample-allocation-balancing-overall-representativeness-and-stratum-precision
#20
Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
PURPOSE: In large-scale surveys, it is often necessary to distribute a preset sample size among a number of strata. Researchers must make a decision between prioritizing overall representativeness or precision of stratum estimates. Hence, I evaluated different sample allocation strategies based on stratum size. METHODS: The strategies evaluated herein included allocation proportional to stratum population; equal sample for all strata; and proportional to the natural logarithm, cubic root, and square root of the stratum population...
May 7, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
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