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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915259/-standing-outside-the-junkie-door-service-users-experiences-of-using-community-pharmacies-to-access-treatment-for-opioid-dependency
#1
Andrew Radley, Karen Melville, Phyllis Easton, Brian Williams, John F Dillon
AIM: To explore experiences of service users attending a community pharmacy to receive opiate replacement therapy (ORT). METHOD: Qualitative study involving seven focus groups undertaken within care centres and prison educational centre in Tayside, Scotland using 41 participants. Thematic analysis undertaken of experiences of different groups of service users and carers. RESULTS: Participants described the social context surrounding attendance at community pharmacies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915256/the-nihr-public-health-research-programme-intervention-approaches-to-tackle-health-inequalities
#2
H Dorling, L Ollerhead, C Kidgell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Public Health Research (PHR) Programme evaluates interventions intended to improve the health of the public and reduce inequalities in health in the UK. The aim of the research was to establish how projects funded by the PHR Programme between 2009 and 2014 addressed health inequalities. METHODS: A health inequalities intervention framework developed by Bambra et al. was used to map PHR funded studies to a typology...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914487/factors-affecting-job-satisfaction-of-aboriginal-mental-health-workers-working-in-community-mental-health-in-rural-and-remote-new-south-wales
#3
Catherine Cosgrave, Myfanwy Maple, Rafat Hussain
Objective The aim of the present study was to identify factors affecting the job satisfaction and subsequent retention of Aboriginal mental health workers (AMHWs).Methods Five AMHWs working in New South Wales (NSW) for NSW Health in rural and remote community mental health (CMH) services participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand how employment and rural living factors affected workers' decisions to stay or leave their CMH positions.Results Using a constructivist grounded theory analysis, three aspects negatively impacting the job satisfaction of AMHWs were identified: (1) difficulties being accepted into the team and organisation; (2) culturally specific work challenges; and (3) professional differences and inequality...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914314/minding-the-gap-subjective-relative-deprivation-and-depressive-symptoms
#4
Shadi Beshai, Sandeep Mishra, Tyler J S Meadows, Priya Parmar, Vivian Huang
Substantial evidence has linked depressive symptoms to various indices of societal-level inequality and relative deprivation. A larger literature has also addressed cognitive vulnerability and correlates of depression. Despite this evidence, little research to date has examined the relationship of depressive symptoms with such downstream individual-level consequences of inequality as subjective relative deprivation, or whether relative deprivation is associated with cognitive vulnerability in depression. We conducted two investigations among four separate samples (total N = 2999) to examine associations between subjective relative deprivation and depressive symptoms and cognitions...
November 16, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913757/the-impact-of-fiscal-policies-on-the-socioeconomic-determinants-of-health-a-structured-review
#5
Isabel Mosquera, Yolanda González-Rábago, Amaia Bacigalupe, Marc Suhrcke
There has been considerable recent debate around the alleged impact of discretionary fiscal policies - especially austerity policies - on health and health inequalities. Assuming that most of the impact will have to run via the effect of fiscal policies on socioeconomic determinants of health (SDH), it is of interest to gain a further understanding of the relationship between fiscal policies and SDH. Therefore, the aim of this article is to review the recent evidence on the impact of discretionary fiscal policies on key SDH, i...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913399/development-of-time-and-voltage-domain-mapping-v-t-mapping-to-localize-ventricular-tachycardia-channels-during-sinus-rhythm
#6
Sachin Nayyar, Pawel Kuklik, Anand N Ganesan, Thomas R Sullivan, Lauren Wilson, Glenn D Young, Prashanthan Sanders, Kurt C Roberts-Thomson
BACKGROUND: In ventricular scar, impulse spread is slow because it traverses split and zigzag channels of surviving muscle. We aimed to evaluate scar electrograms to determine their local delay (activation time) and inequality in voltage splitting (entropy), and their relationship to channels. We reasoned that unlike innocuous channels, which are often short with multiple side branches, ventricular tachycardia (VT) supporting channels have very slow impulse spread and possess low entropy because of their longer protected length and relative lack of side-branching...
December 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912857/homelessness-and-aging-the-contradictory-ordering-of-house-and-home
#7
Amanda Grenier, Rachel Barken, Colleen McGrath
The concepts of 'house' and 'home' are compelling and contradictory. They are compelling because they elicit the desired sentiments of permanence, feeling 'at home', and maintaining continuity in one's life. At the same time, they can be experienced as contradictory where organizational practices and the socio-cultural imperatives of individual responsibility, cost containment, and rationed services are concerned. Where 'house' tends to evoke a sense of permanent stability, 'home' is regarded as the ideal living environment and site of care for older people...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912855/increasing-pension-age-inevitable-or-unfeasible-analysing-the-ideas-underlying-experts-arguments-in-the-uk-and-germany
#8
Steffen Hagemann, Simone Scherger
Based on interviews with German and British experts from major political parties, government departments, employer confederations, trade unions and special interest organisations, we investigate the chains of arguments that these experts advance in favour of or against increases in state pension age. In this way, we add to the explanation why very similar reforms could be enforced in the very different pension systems of Germany and the UK. The chains of arguments deployed are surprisingly similar between the two countries: Whereas the proponents of reform stress its necessity in the context of pension spending and see older people as being able to work longer, opponents and sceptics of the increase doubt most older people's ability to work longer and thus the feasibility of the reform...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912783/exploring-levers-and-barriers-to-accessing-primary-care-for-marginalised-groups-and-identifying-their-priorities-for-primary-care-provision-a-participatory-learning-and-action-research-study
#9
Patrick O'Donnell, Edel Tierney, Austin O'Carroll, Diane Nurse, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: The involvement of patients and the public in healthcare has grown significantly in recent decades and is documented in health policy documents internationally. Many benefits of involving these groups in primary care planning have been reported. However, these benefits are rarely felt by those considered marginalised in society and they are often excluded from participating in the process of planning primary care. It has been recommended to employ suitable approaches, such as co-operative and participatory initiatives, to enable marginalised groups to highlight their priorities for care...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912774/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-men-and-women-5%C3%A2-years-after-a-coronary-angiography
#10
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among men and women patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on HRQOL between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography. METHODS: The study included 1,289 out of 4,391 patients who had undergone an angiography in the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology, Luxembourg in 2008/2009...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912766/non-random-distribution-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopia-spatial-analysis-from-the-2011-ethiopia-demographic-and-health-survey
#11
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu
BACKGROUND: Child undernutrition showed geographical inequalities due to variations in contextual determinants from area to area which indicates that location is an important factor in child undernutrition. However, there are limited studies on spatial epidemiology of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to identify the SaTScan spatial clusters of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Nutritional indices of children (0-59 months) with Global Positioning System (GPS) location data were accessed from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) after getting permission from the MEASURES Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909785/socioeconomic-inequality-in-clinical-outcome-among-hip-fracture-patients-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
P K Kristensen, T M Thillemann, A B Pedersen, K Søballe, S P Johnsen
: The evidence is limited regarding the association between socioeconomic status and the clinical outcome among patients with hip fracture. In this nationwide, population-based cohort study, higher education and higher family income were associated with a substantially lower 30-day mortality and risk of unplanned readmission after hip fracture. INTRODUCTION: We examined the association between socioeconomic status and 30-day mortality, acute readmission, quality of in-hospital care, time to surgery and length of hospital stay among patients with hip fracture...
December 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909041/short-term-effects-of-announcing-revised-lower-risk-national-drinking-guidelines-on-related-awareness-and-knowledge-a-trend-analysis-of-monthly-survey-data-in-england
#13
John Holmes, Jamie Brown, Petra Meier, Emma Beard, Susan Michie, Penny Buykx
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term effects of publishing revised lower risk national drinking guidelines on related awareness and knowledge. To examine where drinkers heard about guidelines over the same period. DESIGN: Trend analysis of the Alcohol Toolkit Study, a monthly repeat cross-sectional national survey. SETTING: England, November 2015 to May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 845 adults (18+) living in private households in England...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908610/economics-human-biology-and-inequality-a-review-of-puzzles-and-recent-contributions-from-a-deatonian-perspective
#14
Joerg Baten
The Nobel laureate Angus Deaton concentrated his work on puzzling developments and phenomena in economics. Puzzles are exciting elements in economics, because readers feel challenged by the question of how they can be solved. Among the puzzles analyzed by Deaton are: (1) Mortality increase of white, U.S. non-Hispanic men (2000 to today); (2) Why are height and income sometimes closely correlated, but not always?; (3) Height inequality among males and females; and (4) The Indian puzzle of declining consumption of calories during overall expenditure growth...
November 18, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906374/highly-bright-photon-pair-generation-in-doppler-broadened-ladder-type-atomic-system
#15
Yoon-Seok Lee, Sang Min Lee, Heonoh Kim, Han Seb Moon
We report a bright photon-pair source with a coincidence counting rate per input power (cps/mW) of tens of thousands, obtained via spontaneous four-wave mixing from a Doppler-broadened atomic ensemble of the 5S<sub>1/2</sub>-5P<sub>3/2</sub>-5D<sub>5/2</sub> transition of <sup>87</sup>Rb. The photon-pair generation rate is enhanced by the two-photon coherence contributions from almost all the atomic velocity groups in the Doppler-broadened ladder-type atomic system...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906280/generation-and-applications-of-an-ultrahigh-fidelity-four-photon-greenberger-horne-zeilinger-state
#16
Chao Zhang, Yun-Feng Huang, Cheng-Jie Zhang, Jian Wang, Bi-Heng Liu, Chuan-Feng Li, Guang-Can Guo
High-quality entangled photon pairs generated via spontaneous parametric down-conversion have made great contributions to the modern quantum information science and the fundamental tests of quantum mechanics. However, the quality of the entangled states decreases sharply when moving from biphoton to multiphoton experiments, mainly due to the lack of interactions between photons. Here, for the first time, we generate a four-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state with a fidelity of 98%, which is even comparable to the best fidelity of biphoton entangled states...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905954/measuring-and-tracking-obesity-inequality-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-nhanes-1971-2014
#17
Tae-Young Pak, Susana Ferreira, Gregory Colson
BACKGROUND: Because people care about their weight relative to peers and society, obesity inequality plays a role in explaining obesity incidence and the impacts of being obese on subjective well-being. While the increase in obesity prevalence and mean body mass index (BMI) is well documented, the measurement of distributional changes and corresponding obesity inequality is yet to be fully explored. METHODS: The present study analyzed BMI data for adults aged 20 to 74 from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) I (1971-1974), II (1976-1980), III (1988-1994), and continuous NHANES (1999-2014)...
April 4, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905951/expansion-or-compression-of-long-term-care-in-germany-between-2001-and-2009-a-small-area-decomposition-study-based-on-administrative-health-data
#18
Daniel Kreft, Gabriele Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: Studies state profound cross-country differences in healthy life years and its time trends, suggesting either the health scenario of expansion or compression of morbidity. A much-discussed question in public health research is whether the health scenarios are heterogeneous or homogeneous on the subnational level as well. Furthermore, the question arises whether the morbidity trends or the mortality trends are the decisive drivers of the care need-free life years (CFLY), the life years with care need (CLY), and, ultimately, the health scenarios...
July 13, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905938/the-impact-of-epidemics-on-labor-market-identifying-victims-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-the-korean-labor-market
#19
Ayoung Lee, Joonmo Cho
BACKGROUND: The vulnerability approach suggests that disasters such as epidemics have different effects according not only to physical vulnerability but also to economic class (status). This paper examines the effect of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome epidemic on the labor market to investigate whether vulnerable groups become more vulnerable due to an interaction between the socio-economic structure and physical risk. METHODS: This paper examines the effect of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome epidemic on the labor market by considering unemployment status, job status, working hours, reason for unemployment and underemployment status...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#20
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
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