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Biomarkers endothelial damage

Raquel Del Pino-García, María D Rivero-Pérez, María L González-SanJosé, Pablo Castilla-Camina, Kevin D Croft, Pilar Muñiz
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from insulin deficiency. This is usually accompanied by a pro-oxidative environment, dyslipidemia and endothelial dysfunction, thus leading to several micro- and macro-vascular complications. This study investigated the potential benefits of a seasoning obtained from seedless red wine pomace (RWPS) in protecting against oxidative damage and preserving endothelial function in Type 1 DM, and the underlying mechanisms involved at the level of gene expression...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Łukasz Michalak, Magdalena Bulska, Katarzyna Kudłacz, Piotr Szcześniak
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, known also as 24p3 lipocalin, lipocalin-2 or uterocalin (in mouse), is a small secretory protein binding small molecular weight ligands which takes part in numerous processes including apoptosis induction in leukocytes, iron transport, smell, and prostaglandins and retinol transport [19]. It was discovered in activated neutrophils as a covalent peptide associated with human gelatinase neutrophils [7]. Neutrophil lipocalin is secreted physiologically in the digestive system, respiratory tract, renal tubular cells, liver or immunity system...
January 4, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
S J Wiseman, M E Bastin, I F Hamilton, D Hunt, S J Ritchie, E N Amft, S Thomson, J F F Belch, S H Ralston, J M Wardlaw
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate fatigue and cognitive impairments in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) in relation to diffuse white matter microstructural brain damage. METHODS: Diffusion tensor MRI, used to generate biomarkers of brain white matter microstructural integrity, was obtained in patients with SLE and age-matched controls. Fatigue and cognitive function were assessed and related to SLE activity, clinical data and plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction...
September 29, 2016: Lupus
Magali Guffroy, Hadi Falahatpisheh, Kathleen Biddle, John Kreeger, Leslie Obert, Karen Walters, Richard Goldstein, Germaine Boucher, Tim Coskran, William Reagan, Danielle Sullivan, Chunli Huang, Sharon A Sokolowski, Richard Giovanelli, Hans-Peter Gerber, Martin B Finkelstein, Nasir K Khan
PURPOSE: Adverse reactions reported in patients treated with antibody-calicheamicin conjugates such as gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO, Mylotarg®) and inotuzumab ozogamicin (IO) include thrombocytopenia and sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). The objective of this experimental work was to investigate the mechanism for thrombocytopenia, characterize the liver injury and identify potential safety biomarkers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Cynomolgus monkeys were dosed intravenously at 6 mg/m2/dose once every 3 weeks with a non-binding antibody-calicheamicin conjugate (PF-0259) containing the same linker-payload as GO and IO...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Yu Han, Xiang Liao, Zhao Gao, Sufei Yang, Caiyu Chen, Yukai Liu, Wei Eric Wang, Gengze Wu, Xiongwen Chen, Pedro A Jose, Ye Zhang, Chunyu Zeng
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a biomarker for myocardial damage and risk stratification, may be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, which was ascribed to the effect of cTnI auto-antibodies. Whether or not cTnI itself has a direct impact on acute myocardial injury is unknown. To exclude the influence of cTnI antibody on the cardiac infarct size, we studied the effect of cTnI shortly after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury when cTnI antibodies were not elevated. Pretreatment with cTnI augmented the myocardial infarct size caused by I/R, accompanied by an increase in inflammatory markers in the blood and myocardium...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Ana Vrdoljak, Vanja Ivković, Sandra Karanović, Živka Dika, Ivana Vuković, Jelena Kos, Mario Laganović, Tajana Željković Vrkić, Margareta Fištrek Prlić, Ivan Pećin, Bojan Jelaković
OBJECTIVE: It was observed that glomerular hyperfiltration (GHF) is associated with progression of kidney disease in diabetics, patients in stage 1 hypertension (HT), and we found previously that eGFR decreased faster also in prehypertensives (PHT) with GHF. Here we analyzed whether GHF in PHT is associated with other biomarkers of early renal impairment. DESIGN AND METHOD: From 954 subjects enrolled in ENAH follow-up study, 371(137 m;mean age = 46years) were eligible for further analysis:100 with optimal,72 with normal BP,70 with PHT(high normal BP),and 129 with newly diagnosed untreated HT...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Tanja Celic, Valérie Metzinger-Le Meuth, Isabelle Six Ziad A Massy, Laurent Metzinger
The discovery of small RNAs has shed new light on microRNA (mRNA) regulation and a range of biological processes. The recognition that miRNAs-221 and -222 are sensitive regulators in the endothelium may enable the identification of novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Given that endothelial dysfunction precedes the development of atherosclerosis and contributes to the development of cardiovascular damage, circulating miRNAs produced by endothelial cells (ECs) are putative biomarkers for a wide range of cardiovascular diseases...
September 14, 2016: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Takeshi Maehana, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroshi Kitamura, Nobuyuki Fukuzawa, Hideki Ishida, Hiroshi Harada, Kazunari Tanabe, Naoya Masumori
BACKGROUND: Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a molecular chaperone associated with the activation of client proteins, was recently reported to play an important role in immunologic reactions. To date, the role of HSP90 in solid organ transplantations has remained unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum HSP90α levels and acute allograft rejection after organ and tissue transplantation using serum samples from kidney allograft recipients, an in vitro antibody-mediated rejection model, and a murine skin transplantation...
2016: PloS One
Gustav Folmer Genét, Peter Bentzer, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Pär Ingemar Johansson
Traumatic brain injury and hemorrhagic shock is associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and edema formation. Recent animal studies have shown that fresh frozen plasma (FFP) resuscitation reduces brain swelling and improves endothelial function compared to isotonic NaCl (NS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether pooled and pathogen-reduced plasma (OctaplasLG(®) [OCTA]; Octapharma, Stockholm, Sweden) was comparable to FFP with regard to effects on brain water content, BBB permeability, and plasma biomarkers of endothelial glycocalyx shedding and cell damage...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Akira Ushiyama, Hanae Kataoka, Takehiko Iijima
Vascular hyperpermeability is a frequent intractable feature involved in a wide range of diseases in the intensive care unit. The glycocalyx (GCX) seemingly plays a key role to control vascular permeability. The GCX has attracted the attention of clinicians working on vascular permeability involving angiopathies, and several clinical approaches to examine the involvement of the GCX have been attempted. The GCX is a major constituent of the endothelial surface layer (ESL), which covers most of the surface of the endothelial cells and reduces the access of cellular and macromolecular components of the blood to the surface of the endothelium...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Kun Zhang, Dong Wang, Zhongxin Jiang, Xiaowei Ning, Peter Buzzacott, Weigang Xu
Previous studies have documented that decompression led to endothelial dysfunction with controversial results. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between endothelial dysfunction, bubble formation and decompression rate. Rats were subjected to simulated air dives with one of four decompression rates: one slow and three rapid. Bubble formation was detected ultrasonically following decompression for two hours, before measurement of endothelial related indices. Bubbles were found in only rapid-decompressed rats and the amount correlated with decompression rate with significant variability...
2016: Scientific Reports
Leah M Norona, Deborah G Nguyen, David A Gerber, Sharon C Presnell, Edward L LeCluyse
Compound-induced liver injury leading to fibrosis remains a challenge for the development of an Adverse Outcome Pathway useful for human risk assessment. Latency to detection and lack of early, systematically detectable biomarkers make it difficult to characterize the dynamic and complex intercellular interactions that occur during progressive liver injury. Here we demonstrate the utility of bioprinted tissue constructs comprising primary hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells, and endothelial cells to model methotrexate- and thioacetamide-induced liver injury leading to fibrosis...
September 7, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
I Lopez-Vilchez, M Diaz-Ricart, V Navarro, S Torramade, J Zamorano-Leon, A Lopez-Farre, A M Galan, C Gasto, G Escolar
There is a link between depression, cardiovascular events and inflammation. We have explored this connection through endothelial dysfunction, using in vivo and in vitro approaches. We evaluated circulating biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction in patients with major depression at their diagnosis (MD-0) and during antidepressant treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor escitalopram, for 8 and 24 weeks (MD-8 and MD-24). Results were always compared with matched healthy controls (CON). We measured in vivo circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in blood samples, and assessed plasma levels of soluble von Willebrand factor (VWF) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1)...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
Qasam M Ghulam, Kim K Bredahl, Jørgen B Gram, Lars Lönn, Jens P Goetze, Henrik H Sillesen, Jonas P Eiberg
OBJECTIVES: Disruption of the endothelial lining may be one of the events linking intraluminal thrombus and abdominal aortic aneurysm growth. In the present study, we examined whether von Willebrand factor activity in plasma, contact proteins of blood coagulation, and inflammatory biomarkers may be associated with intraluminal thrombus volume in search of a biochemical marker of endothelial damage and thrombus size. DESIGN: Prospective study, correlating potential endothelial biomarkers and intraluminal thrombus volume acquired by computed tomography angiography...
August 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Derek A Banyard, Blake O Adnani, Satenik Melkumyan, Cheryl Ann Araniego, Alan D Widgerow
Burn wounds result in varying degrees of soft tissue damage that are typically graded clinically. Recently a key participant in neovascularization, the endothelial progenitor cell, has been the subject of intense cardiovascular research to explore whether it can serve as a biomarker for vascular injury. In this review, we examine the identity of the endothelial progenitor cell as well as the evidence that support its role as a key responder after burn insult. While there is conflicting evidence with regards to the delta of endothelial progenitor cell mobilization and burn severity, it is clear that they play an important role in wound healing...
2016: Burns and trauma
Richard Macrez, Peter K Stys, Denis Vivien, Stuart A Lipton, Fabian Docagne
Research advances support the idea that excessive activation of the glutamatergic pathway plays an important part in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis. Beyond the well established direct toxic effects on neurons, additional sites of glutamate-induced cell damage have been described, including effects in oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, endothelial cells, and immune cells. Such toxic effects could provide a link between various pathological aspects of multiple sclerosis, such as axonal damage, oligodendrocyte cell death, demyelination, autoimmunity, and blood-brain barrier dysfunction...
September 2016: Lancet Neurology
Barry W Festoff, Ravi K Sajja, Patrick van Dreden, Luca Cucullo
BACKGROUND: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction represents an early feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that precedes the hallmarks of amyloid beta (amyloid β) plaque deposition and neuronal neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) formation. A damaged BBB correlates directly with neuroinflammation involving microglial activation and reactive astrogliosis, which is associated with increased expression and/or release of high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) and thrombin. However, the link between the presence of these molecules, BBB damage, and progression to neurodegeneration in AD is still elusive...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Bruce E Berger
Complement-mediated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) comprises approximately 90% of cases of aHUS, and results from dysregulation of endothelial-anchored complement activation with resultant endothelial damage. The discovery of biomarker ADAMTS13 has enabled a more accurate diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and an appreciation of overlapping clinical features of TTP and aHUS. Given our present understanding of the pathogenic pathways involved in aHUS, it is unlikely that a specific test will be developed...
August 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
John Bro-Jeppesen, Pär I Johansson, Christian Hassager, Michael Wanscher, Sisse R Ostrowski, Mette Bjerre, Jesper Kjaergaard
BACKGROUND: Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is characterized by whole-body ischemia triggering systemic inflammation and damage of the endothelium. This study investigated the relationship between systemic inflammation, endothelial damage and severity of PCAS and the association between endothelial damage and outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: In this post hoc study, we analyzed 163 comatose patients included at a single center in the target temperature management (TTM) trial, randomly assigned to TTM at 33°C or 36°C for 24h...
October 2016: Resuscitation
M Marketou, F Parthenakis, J Kontaraki, F Maragoudakis, S Maragkoudakis, H Nakou, K Roufas, A Patrianakos, J Logakis, D Vougia, N Malliaraki, P Vardas
OBJECTIVE: Microalbuminuria is an established early marker of endothelial dysfunction and damage. MicroRNAs are emerging as essential modulators of cardiovascular physiology and disease. In the present study, we sought an association between the differential expression of related microRNAs in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of untreated patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension and levels of urinary albumin excretion. DESIGN AND METHOD: We assessed the expression of the microRNAs miR-1, miR-133a, miR-26b, miR-208b, miR-499, and miR-21 in consecutive subjects with untreated newly diagnosed essential hypertension (aged 62...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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