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east anglia

Shobhana Nagraj, Juliet Harrison, Lawrence Hill, Lesley Bowker, Susanne Lindqvist
BACKGROUND: Collaborative practice between paramedics and medical staff is essential for ensuring the safe handover of patients. Handover of care is a critical time in the patient journey, when effective communication and collaborative practice are central to promoting patient safety and to avoiding medical error. To encourage effective collaboration between paramedic and medical students, an innovative, practice-based simulation exercise, known as interprofessional clinical skills (ICS) was developed at the University of East Anglia, UK...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
Cornelia A Bidewell, Susanna M Williamson, Jon Rogers, Yue Tang, Richard J Ellis, Liljana Petrovska, Manal AbuOun
Between 2011 and 2014 outbreaks of septicaemia due to Klebsiella pneumoniae subspecies pneumoniae (Kpp) were diagnosed on thirteen English pig farms. The most consistent features were rapid deaths of pigs from ten-days-old to weaning, seasonal occurrence (May to September), affected farms being outdoor breeding herds and the location of all but one of the outbreaks in the East Anglia region in Eastern England. Molecular characterisation of the outbreak Kpp isolates showed that by multilocus sequencing all were sequence type 25 (ST25) of K2 capsular type with a combination of a 4...
2018: PloS One
Joseph P M Kane, Ajenthan Surendranathan, Allison Bentley, Sally A H Barker, John-Paul Taylor, Alan J Thomas, Louise M Allan, Richard J McNally, Peter W James, Ian G McKeith, David J Burn, John T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and dementia in Parkinson's disease (PDD) in routine clinical practice is unclear. Prevalence rates observed in clinical and population-based cohorts and neuropathological studies vary greatly. Small sample sizes and methodological factors in these studies limit generalisability to clinical practice. METHODS: We investigated prevalence in a case series across nine secondary care services over an 18-month period, to determine how commonly DLB and PDD cases are diagnosed and reviewed within two regions of the UK...
February 15, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
P L Gibbard, R G West, P D Hughes
Detailed investigation of landforms and their underlying deposits on the eastern margin of Fenland, East Anglia, demonstrated that they represent a series of glaciofluvial delta-fan and related sediments. Associated with these deposits are glacially dislocated sediments including tills, meltwater and pre-existing fluvial sediments. These 'Skertchly Line' deposits occur in the context of a substantial ice lobe that entered Fenland from the N to NE, dammed the streams entering the basin and caused glacial lakes to form in the valleys on the margins...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Ruth Stone
Ruth Stone, at the time of writing a final-year student at the University of East Anglia, reflects on the importance of an approachable, encouraging and sometimes challenging mentor for students on placement.
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Gabrielle Thorpe
Gabrielle Thorpe, Lecturer in Nursing Sciences, University of East Anglia and Honorary Colorectal & Stoma Care Specialist Nurse, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust,
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Lucy Richardson, Yasir Hameed, Jesus Perez, Peter B Jones, James B Kirkbride
Importance: Social determinants are important risk factors for the development of first-episode psychosis (FEP); their effects in rural areas are largely unknown. Objective: To investigate neighborhood-level factors associated with FEP in a large, predominantly rural population-based cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study extracted data on referrals for treatment of potential FEP at 6 Early-Intervention Psychosis services from the Social Epidemiology of Psychoses in East Anglia naturalistic cohort study data set, which covered a population of more than 2 million people in a rural area in the East of England for a period of 3...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Neil Howlett, Andy Jones, Lucy Bain, Angel Chater
INTRODUCTION: There is a high prevalence of inactive adults in the UK, and many suffer from conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) or poor mental health. These coexist more frequently in areas of higher socioeconomic deprivation. There is a need to test the effectiveness, acceptability and sustainability of physical activity programmes. Active Herts uses novel evidence-based behaviour change techniques to target physical inactivity. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Active Herts is a community physical activity programme for inactive adults aged 16+ with‚ÄČone or more risk factors for CVD and/or a mild to moderate mental health condition...
November 25, 2017: BMJ Open
Andrew T Crombie, Helen Emery, Terry J McGenity, J Colin Murrell
Isoprene is produced in abundance by plants and constitutes a carbon source for microbes. The genomes of three isoprene degraders isolated from tree leaves or soil from the campus of the University of East Anglia were sequenced. These high-GC-content isolates are actinobacteria belonging to the genus Rhodococcus.
November 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
Sarah Inskip, G Michael Taylor, Sue Anderson, Graham Stewart
PURPOSE: A woman's skull, exhibiting features of lepromatous leprosy (LL), was recovered from a garden in Hoxne, Suffolk. The absence of post crania and lack of formal excavation meant that diagnosis and dating was uncertain. The aim of this research was to confirm the diagnosis using biomolecular means and second, to place it in context with other British leprosy cases using SNP genotyping and radiocarbon dating. METHODOLOGY: Bone from the skull was analysed by ancient DNA (aDNA) methods and subjected to radiocarbon dating...
November 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
Zena Aldridge qualified as a mental health nurse in 2003 at the University of East Anglia. In 2013, she was appointed as the first Admiral Lead Nurse for Norfolk, and is now Admiral Nurse for Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, working for Dementia UK.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
Andrew Gadie, Meredith Shafto, Yue Leng, Rogier A Kievit
OBJECTIVES: To examine age-related differences in self-reported sleep quality and their associations with health outcomes across four domains: physical health, cognitive health, mental health and neural health. SETTING: Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience (Cam-CAN) is a cohort study in East Anglia/England, which collected self-reported health and lifestyle questions as well as a range of objective measures from healthy adults. PARTICIPANTS: 2406 healthy adults (age 18-98) answered questions about their sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)) and measures of physical, cognitive, mental and neural health...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
Susan Walker, Sharon Andrew, Matthew Hodson, C Michael Roberts
The study aimed to explore patients' experience of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their perspective of their community healthcare for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to extract affective responses in order to develop potential items for a patient-reported experience measure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Qualitative face-face interviews were conducted, in the community, with 64 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease recruited from General Practices and Breathe-Easy community groups in the Outer North East, East and City areas of London and Essex, UK...
July 24, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
David Fowler, Paul French, Robin Banerjee, Garry Barton, Clio Berry, Rory Byrne, Timothy Clarke, Rick Fraser, Brioney Gee, Kathryn Greenwood, Caitlin Notley, Sophie Parker, Lee Shepstone, Jon Wilson, Alison R Yung, Joanne Hodgekins
BACKGROUND: Young people who have social disability associated with severe and complex mental health problems are an important group in need of early intervention. Their problems often date back to childhood and become chronic at an early age. Without intervention, the long-term prognosis is often poor and the economic costs very large. There is a major gap in the provision of evidence-based interventions for this group, and therefore new approaches to detection and intervention are needed...
July 11, 2017: Trials
Matthew Mckew
Academics conducting a £1.8 million research project are recruiting care homes to test a new falls procedure. Funded by the National Institute for Health Research, the three-year project involves trials of a new training package and guidelines designed by the University of Nottingham's Division of Rehabilitation and Ageing. The trials are taking place at residential and care homes in the East Midlands, West Yorkshire and East Anglia.
May 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
Ruth Stone
Ruth Stone, a final-year student at the University of East Anglia, describes her experiences of attending conferences and workshops on interprofessional learning.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Francisco J Candido Dos Reis, Gordon C Wishart, Ed M Dicks, David Greenberg, Jem Rashbass, Marjanka K Schmidt, Alexandra J van den Broek, Ian O Ellis, Andrew Green, Emad Rakha, Tom Maishman, Diana M Eccles, Paul D P Pharoah
BACKGROUND: PREDICT is a breast cancer prognostic and treatment benefit model implemented online. The overall fit of the model has been good in multiple independent case series, but PREDICT has been shown to underestimate breast cancer specific mortality in women diagnosed under the age of 40. Another limitation is the use of discrete categories for tumour size and node status resulting in 'step' changes in risk estimates on moving between categories. We have refitted the PREDICT prognostic model using the original cohort of cases from East Anglia with updated survival time in order to take into account age at diagnosis and to smooth out the survival function for tumour size and node status...
May 22, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
(no author information available yet)
University of East Anglia child health nursing lecturer Katie McGhee has responded to a letter published in International Airport Review.
May 9, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
Anna N Millar, Amrit Daffu-O'Reilly, Carmel M Hughes, David P Alldred, Garry Barton, Christine M Bond, James A Desborough, Phyo K Myint, Richard Holland, Fiona M Poland, David Wright
BACKGROUND: Prescribing medicines for older adults in care homes is known to be sub-optimal. Whilst trials testing interventions to optimise prescribing in this setting have been published, heterogeneity in outcome reporting has hindered comparison of interventions, thus limiting evidence synthesis. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS), a list of outcomes which should be measured and reported, as a minimum, for all effectiveness trials involving optimising prescribing in care homes...
April 12, 2017: Trials
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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