keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nutraceuticals

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812768/chemical-nutritive-composition-and-a-wide-range-of-bioactive-properties-of-honey-mushroom-armillaria-mellea-vahl-fr-kummer
#1
Marina Kostić, Marija Smiljković, Jovana Petrović, Jasmina Glamočlija, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Ana Ćirić, Marina Soković
A. mellea fruiting bodies collected from nature were chemically characterized and shown to be rich in carbohydrates (81.25 g per 100 g dw), ash, fat and proteins (8.84 g per 100 g dw, 1.97 g per 100 g dw and 1.81 g per 100 g dw, respectively). Mannitol was the main free sugar while malic acid was the most abundant organic acid. δ-Tocopherol was the dominant form of tocopherols with 42.41 μg per 100 g dw. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were predominant, followed by saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. A methanolic extract prepared from these samples was tested for antioxidant, quorum sensing and antimicrobial assays, as well as for its cytotoxicity effects...
August 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811228/curcumin-in-alzheimer-s-disease-can-we-think-to-new-strategies-and-perspectives-for-this-molecule
#2
REVIEW
Serafini Melania Maria, Catanzaro Michele, Rosini Michela, Racchi Marco, Lanni Cristina
Population aging is an irreversible global trend with economic and socio-political consequences. One of the most invalidating outcomes of aging in the elderly is cognitive decline, leading to dementia and often related to neurodegenerative disorders. Among these latter, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the major cause of dementia, affecting more than 30 million of individuals worldwide. To date, the treatment of AD remains a challenge because of an incomplete understanding of the events that lead to the selective neurodegeneration typical of Alzheimer's brains...
August 12, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809450/microalgae-old-sustainable-food-and-fashion-nutraceuticals
#3
José L García, Marta de Vicente, Beatriz Galán
Microalgae have been used for centuries to provide nourishment to humans and animals, only very recently they have become much more widely cultured and harvested at large industrial scale. This paper reviews the potential health benefits and nutrition provided by microalgae whose benefits are contributing to expand their market. We also point out several key challenges that remain to be addressed in this field.
August 15, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805832/encapsulation-of-flavonoids-in-liposomal-delivery-systems-the-case-of-quercetin-kaempferol-and-luteolin
#4
Meigui Huang, Erzheng Su, Fuping Zheng, Chen Tan
The instability of dietary flavonoids is currently a challenge for their incorporation in functional foods. This study investigated the protective effects of liposome encapsulation on a variety of flavonoids and their interaction mechanisms. It was found that the incorporation of flavonoids into the liposomal membrane was strongly dependent on their structure and loading concentration. Liposomes loading quercetin and luteolin exhibited a relatively small size and homogeneous suspension compared to those loading kaempferol...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805683/analysis-and-comparison-of-the-antioxidant-component-of-portulaca-oleracea-leaves-obtained-by-different-solid-liquid-extraction-techniques
#5
Monica Gallo, Esterina Conte, Daniele Naviglio
Portulaca oleracea is a wild plant pest of orchards and gardens, but is also an edible vegetable rich in beneficial nutrients. It possesses many antioxidant properties due to the high content of vitamins, minerals, omega-3 essential fatty acids and other healthful compounds; therefore, the intake of purslane and/or its bioactive compounds could help to improve the health and function of the whole human organism. Accordingly, in this work it was analyzed and compared to the extractive capacity of the antioxidant component of purslane leaves obtained by solid-liquid extraction techniques such as: hot-maceration, maceration with ultrasound, rapid solid-liquid dynamic extraction using the Naviglio extractor, and a combination of two techniques (mix extraction)...
August 12, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805459/opuntia-ficus-indica-l-miller-as-a-source-of-bioactivity-compounds-for-health-and-nutrition
#6
M Aragona, E R Lauriano, S Pergolizzi, C Faggio
Plants with beneficial properties are known in traditional medicine. Nowadays, in spite of widespread availability of synthetic compounds, the search goes towards natural compounds to lower cost and few side effects. The increasing interest in preventive medicine encourages use of nutraceuticals, bioactive compounds of vegetable origin with important nutritional values. Among the medicinal plants, Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller (Family Cactaceae, subfamily Opuntiodeae, Genus Opuntia, subgenus Platyopuntia, species Opuntia ficus-indica (L...
August 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803136/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-natural-stilbenoids-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Marcela Dvorakova, Premysl Landa
Resveratrol and other natural stilbenoids, including piceatannol, pterostilbene, and gnetol, are well-known anti-inflammatory compounds with indisputable activity in vitro as well as in vivo. Their molecular targets include inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenases, leukotrienes, nuclear factor kappa B, tumor necrosis factor α, interleukins and many more. This anti-inflammatory activity together with their antioxidant activity is believed to stand behind their other positive health effects against cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases or diabetes...
August 9, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802473/integrative-women-s-health
#8
REVIEW
Delia Chiaramonte, Melinda Ring, Amy B Locke
This article addresses the common women's health concerns of menopause-related symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, and chronic pelvic pain. Each can be effectively addressed with an integrative approach that incorporates interventions such as pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, mind-body approaches, acupuncture, and lifestyle modification.
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801966/ursolic-acid-a-natural-nutraceutical-agent-targets-caspase3-and-alleviates-inflammation-associated-downstream-signal-transduction
#9
Xiaoyao Ma, Yuan Zhang, Zengyong Wang, Yunbing Shen, Man Zhang, Quandeng Nie, Yuanyuan Hou, Gang Bai
SCOPE: Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclicterpenoid carboxylic acid that is present in a wide variety of plant foods. There are many beneficial health effects that are attributed to the properties of UA. However, the specific cellular targets of UA and the mechanism underlying downstream signal transduction processes linked to the anti-inflammation pathway have not been thoroughly elucidated to date. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chemical biology strategies such as target fishing, click reaction synthesis of a UA probe and molecular imaging were used to identify potential target proteins of UA...
August 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800398/a-13-week-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-program-combining-low-glycemic-load-protein-shakes-and-targeted-nutraceuticals-improved-weight-loss-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-over-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-alone
#10
Clinton J Dahlberg, Joseph J Ou, John G Babish, Joseph J Lamb, Sarah Eliason, Holly Brabazon, Wei Gao, Mohan R Kaadige, Matthew L Tripp
An open label, randomized, exploratory study comprising 44 healthy, overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation including soy, pea and whey proteins, phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil and berberine over 13-weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline, weeks 9 and 13. For DIET and PROG compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799778/how-important-is-tryptophan-in-human-health
#11
Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska, Paulina Gątarek, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Max Stanley Chartrand, Geir Bjørklund
Tryptophan (Trp) is an amino acid and an essential component of the human diet. It plays a crucial role in many metabolic functions. Clinicians can use Trp levels in the course of diagnosing various metabolic disorders and the symptoms associated with those diseases. Furthermore, supplementation with this amino acid is considered in the treatment of depression and sleep disorders, mainly due to the Trp relationship with the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT) and melatonin. It is also used in helping to resolve cognitive disorders, anxiety, or neurodegenerative diseases...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799667/coadministration-of-isomalto-oligosaccharides-augments-metabolic-health-benefits-of-cinnamaldehyde-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#12
Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Pragyanshu Khare, Vandana Bijalwan, Ritesh Kumar Baboota, Jagdeep Singh, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Kanwaljit Chopra, Mahendra Bishnoi
Bacteriostatic properties of a potential anti-obesity agent cinnamaldehyde (CMN) may present untoward effects on the resident gut microbiota. Here, we evaluated whether the combination of Isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs) with CMN prevents unwanted effects of CMN on gut microbiota and associated metabolic outcomes in HFD-fed mice. Male Swiss albino mice divided into four groups (n = 10), were fed on normal chow, or HFD (58% fat kcal), HFD + CMN (10 mg kg(-1) ) and HFD + CMN (10 mg kg(-1) ) + IMOs (1 g kg(-1) ) for 12 weeks...
August 11, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799642/olive-tree-olea-europaea-l-leaf-as-a-waste-by-product-of-table-olive-and-olive-oil-industry-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Selin Şahin, Mehmet Bilgin
Researches into finding new uses for by-products of table olive and olive oil industry are of great value not only to the economy, but also to the environment where olives are grown and to the human health. Since leaves represent around 10% of the total weight of olives arriving to the mill, it is worth obtaining high added-value compounds from those materials for the preparation of dietary supplements, nutraceuticals, functional food ingredients or cosmeceuticals. In this review article, olive tree (Olea europaea L...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798909/analysis-of-urine-composition-in-type-ii-diabetic-mice-after-intervention-therapy-using-holothurian-polypeptides
#14
Yanyan Li, Jiajie Xu, Xiurong Su
Hydrolysates and peptide fractions (PF) obtained from sea cucumber with commercial enzyme were studied on the hyperglycemic and renal protective effects on db/db rats using urine metabolomics. Compared with the control group the polypeptides from the two species could significantly reduce the urine glucose and urea. We also tried to address the compositions of highly expressed urinary proteins using a proteomics approach. They were serum albumins, AMBP proteins, negative trypsin, elastase, and urinary protein, GAPDH, a receptor of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR), and Ig kappa chain C region...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795322/discarded-seeds-from-red-pepper-capsicum-annum-processing-industry-as-a-sustainable-source-of-high-added-value-compounds-and-edible-oil
#15
Samia Azabou, Fadia Ben Taheur, Mourad Jridi, Mohamed Bouaziz, Moncef Nasri
The chemical composition and the antioxidant properties of Capsicum annum discarded seeds from processing industry with their corresponding extracted oil were investigated. C. annum seeds had high levels of crude proteins (18.30%), crude oil (11.04%), and dietary fibers (60.96%). The lipophilic fraction of C. annum seeds showed higher radical scavenging activity compared to their hydrophilic fraction, while this latter exhibited the highest reducing power. The results of fatty acid composition showed that fatty acids present in C...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794929/high-frequency-direct-shoot-organogenesis-of-leaf-explants-and-a-comparative-evaluation-of-phytochemicals-antioxidant-potential-of-wild-vs-in-vitro-plant-extracts-of-lysimachia-laxa
#16
Sanjoy Gupta, Tapan Seal, A A Mao, Soneswar Sarma
The present studies were attempted to develop direct shoot organogenesis from in vitro grown leaf explants of Lysimachia laxa and comparative evaluation of phytochemical and antioxidant potential of in vitro raised and wild plants extracts. The fresh leaves of this species are used for deworming gastrointestinal worm infection in traditional medicine. Overexploitation of this species and poor regeneration has led to rapid decline in wild population, therefore, present investigation was attempted to develop an efficient rapid mass propagation protocol for this species...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781026/comparison-of-low-dose-statin-versus-low-dose-statin%C3%A2-%C3%A2-armolipid-plus-in-high-intensity-statin-intolerant-patients-with-a-previous-coronary-event-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-adherence-trial
#17
Giuseppe Marazzi, Giuseppe Campolongo, Francesco Pelliccia, Silvia Quattrino, Cristiana Vitale, Luca Cacciotti, Rosalba Massaro, Maurizio Volterrani, Giuseppe Rosano
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction is associated with a significant decrease in mortality, and statins represent the most effective drugs to achieve this. However, side effects of statins are very common and may lead to treatment discontinuation. Nutraceuticals are a combination of natural components that have shown efficacy in lowering LDL-C concentration when used alone or in association with other agents in patients who are intolerant to high-dose statins. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of low-dose statin (LDS) therapy versus combined therapy of LDS plus a nutraceutical combination containing red yeast rice, policosanol, berberine, folic acid, coenzyme Q10 and astaxanthin (Armolipid Plus) in high-risk patients...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778046/desalted-salicornia-europaea-extract-attenuated-vascular-neointima-formation-by-inhibiting-the-mapk-pathway-mediated-migration-and-proliferation-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#18
Kyung Jong Won, Kang Pa Lee, Suji Baek, Long Cui, Mee-Hyang Kweon, Seung Hyo Jung, Yun-Kyoung Ryu, Jung Min Hong, Eun-Ah Cho, Hwa-Sup Shin, Bokyung Kim
Salicornia europaea L. (SE) has been used as folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cancer. However, its effects on atherosclerotic events in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remain unknown. The present study explored the effects of the ethyl acetate fraction of desalted SE hot water extract (SEWEAF) on atherosclerotic responses (especially migration and proliferation) in VSMCs and vascular neointima formation. Treatment with the SEWEAF significantly suppressed the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced VSMC migration and proliferation as well the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) such as the p38 MAPK and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2...
August 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772005/the-effects-of-antioxidants-on-ocular-blood-flow-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#19
Alon Harris, Josh Gross, Nicholas Moore, Thai Do, Amelia Huang, Willy Gama, Brent Siesky
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of an antioxidant dietary supplement that includes Ginkgo biloba, on retinal and retrobulbar blood flow in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: Forty-five patients with confirmed OAG were enroled in a randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Baseline and postadministration measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), retrobulbar blood flow, and retinal capillary blood flow were non-invasively measured (ultrasound and laser Doppler modalities, respectively) before and one month after antioxidant nutraceuticals and placebo administration...
August 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771745/biostimulants-from-food-processing-by-products-agronomic-quality-and-metabolic-impacts-on-organic-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#20
Lara Abou Chehade, Ziad Al Chami, Sandra Angelica De Pascali, Ivana Cavoski, Francesco Paolo Fanizzi
BACKGROUND: Biostimulants have gained recently an increased attention due to their multiple benefits for sustainable agriculture. In this study, three food processing by-products - fennel processing residues (FPR), lemon processing residues (LPR) and brewers' spent grain (BSG) - were investigated as potential sources of biostimulants. Their aqueous extracts as individual and associated applications were assessed for their effects on agronomic, quality and metabolic performances of organic tomato in comparison to humic substances extract (HS) and untreated control (CTRL)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
keyword
keyword
4754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"