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Doctors of physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456443/the-screening-process-of-a-patient-with-low-back-pain-and-suspected-thoracic-myelopathy-a-case-report
#1
Guillaume Christe, Toby Hall
Background: Thoracic disc herniations are rare and difficult to diagnose. Myelopathy is a potential consequence that can lead to irreversible neurological impairment if not treated appropriately. It is incumbent on all clinicians who see patients with low back pain (LBP) to be aware of such pathologies. This case describes a screening process in the detection of a rare serious spinal pathology and discusses the use of red flags and central nervous system signs and symptoms in the decision leading to immediate referral...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427238/opinion-paper-scientific-philosophical-and-legal-consideration-of-doping-in-sports
#2
REVIEW
Massimo Negro, Natale Marzullo, Francesca Caso, Luca Calanni, Giuseppe D'Antona
The term doping is generally used to indicate practices based on the use of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) or the abuse of medical therapies. Mostly analysed by doctors and officials, doping nevertheless also requires a philosophical consideration to avoid being simplistically portrayed as an isolated practice. To do this, we need to pay attention to the contradictions and paradoxes in the modern approach to doping in sport. In this context, doping is not only relevant to the health of an individual involved in the violation of World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) criteria, but it actually represents a double-edged phenomenon containing ethical and legal points of view...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415689/reasons-for-lithium-discontinuation-in-men-and-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Louise Öhlund, Michael Ott, Sofia Oja, Malin Bergqvist, Robert Lundqvist, Mikael Sandlund, Ellinor Salander Renberg, Ursula Werneke
BACKGROUND: Lithium remains first choice as maintenance treatment for bipolar affective disorder. Yet, about half of all individuals may stop their treatment at some point, despite lithium's proven benefits concerning the prevention of severe affective episodes and suicide. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in the Swedish region of Norrbotten into the causes of lithium discontinuation. The study was set up to (1) test whether patients with bipolar affective disorder or schizoaffective disorder, treated with lithium maintenance therapy, were more likely to discontinue lithium because of adverse effects than lack of therapeutic effectiveness, (2) explore gender differences, (3) understand the role of diagnosis and (4) identify who, patient or doctor, took the initiative to stop lithium...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356452/a-gross-anatomy-flipped-classroom-effects-performance-retention-and-higher-level-thinking-in-lower-performing-students
#4
Leslie J Day
A flipped classroom is a growing pedagogy in higher education. Many research studies on the flipped classroom have focused on student outcomes, with the results being positive or inconclusive. A few studies have analyzed confounding variables, such as student's previous achievement, or the impact of a flipped classroom on long-term retention and knowledge transfer. In the present study, students in a Doctor of Physical Therapy program in a traditional style lecture of gross anatomy (n = 105) were compared to similar students in a flipped classroom (n = 112)...
January 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#5
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298740/-the-danish-history-of-rehabilitation-and-what-is-the-doctor-s-role-in-the-future
#6
Fin Biering-Sørensen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Claus Vinther Nielsen
Not least tuberculosis caused the growth of many spas. In Denmark, the Society for Physical Therapy and Dietetic was formed in 1902, and in 1921 it changed its name to the Danish Physiatrists Society, later the Danish Society for Physiatrists and Rehabilitation. In the early 1980's the National Board of Health decided, that all specialties should rehabilitate patients within their own area, and the specialty for rehabilitation was abolished. Therefore, all doctors need to have knowledge of the biopsychosocial model and the involvement of other professional groups and sectors...
January 1, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273944/health-status-of-polish-children-and-adolescents-after-cancer-treatment
#7
Krawczuk-Rybak Maryna, Panasiuk Anna, Stachowicz-Stencel Teresa, Zubowska Małgorzata, Skalska-Sadowska Jolanta, Sęga-Pondel Dorota, Czajńska-Deptuła Aneta, Sławińska Dorota, Badowska Wanda, Kamieńska Elżbieta, Pobudejska-Pieniążek Aneta, Wieczorek Maria
In the last 40 years, considerable progress was made in the treatment of childhood cancer. Nearly 80% of children achieve long-term clinical remission or are permanently cured. This improvement is however not without sacrifice. This is the first Polish study analyzing the general health status and epidemiology of organ late effects in the cohort of Polish childhood and adolescent cancer survivors monitored by doctors and registered in the on-line national database for late effects (N = 1761). This tool collects information on previous therapy and current health status (medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests) of cancer survivors...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#8
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202166/team-based-learning-at-the-end-of-a-physical-therapy-curriculum
#9
Kelly Macauley, Angelique Dirkes
Team-based learning (TBL) is used in health professions education, including physical therapist education. This retrospective analysis assessed the implementation of TBL in a diagnostic screening course. Ninety-two Doctor of Physical Therapy and post-professional international master's students participated. The students' perceptions were assessed by the Team-Based Learning Student Assessment Inventory (TBL-SAI). The students overall scores on the TBL-SAI demonstrated a favorable experience with TBL. The students also displayed positive responses on the three subscales: Accountability, Preference for Lecture or TBL, and Student Satisfaction...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202162/controversial-issues-in-healthcare-policy-a-survey-of-doctor-of-physical-therapy-students-in-a-public-university
#10
Drew D Snyder, Teale K Bennett, Jeremy C Oller, Weiqing Ge
BACKGROUND: The recently passed legislation and proposed policy changes governing the healthcare system have been met with extensive debate and controversy. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to determine the attitudes of Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students towards some of these controversial issues. The secondary objective was to determine the demographic factors, including number of years in a physical therapy program, that contribute to their attitude formation...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134969/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-overlapping-rome-iv-diagnosed-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-on-somatization-quality-of-life-and-healthcare-utilization-a-cross-sectional-general-population-study-in-three-countries
#11
Imran Aziz, Olafur S Palsson, Hans Törnblom, Ami D Sperber, William E Whitehead, Magnus Simrén
OBJECTIVES: The population prevalence of Rome IV-diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and their cumulative effect on health impairment is unknown. METHODS: An internet-based cross-sectional health survey was completed by 5,931 of 6,300 general population adults from three English-speaking countries (2100 each from USA, Canada, and UK). Quota-based sampling was used to generate demographically balanced and population representative samples with regards to age, sex, and education level...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990444/progress-in-the-full-text-publication-rate-of-orthopaedic-and-sport-physical-therapy-abstracts-presented-at-the-american-physical-therapy-association-s-combined-sections-meeting
#12
Stuart J Warden, Jacquelyn M Fletcher, Rick G Barker, Elizabeth A Guildenbecher, Colleen E Gorkis, William R Thompson
Study Design Descriptive study. Background Professional meetings, such as the American Physical Therapy Association's (APTA's) Combined Sections Meeting (CSM), provide forums for sharing information. However, it was reported that only one-quarter of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy abstracts presented at the CSM between 2000 and 2004 went on to full-text publication. This low conversion rate raises a number of concerns regarding the full dissemination of work within the profession. Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the full-text publication rate of work presented in abstract form at subsequent CSMs and investigate factors influencing the rate...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961620/physician-assistant-doctorate-a-ticket-to-autonomy
#13
Anthony A Miller, Bettie Coplan
As the physician assistant (PA) profession celebrates 5 decades of practice, questions about the future direction of PA education and practice persist. Conversations regarding prescribing privileges have given way to debate about PA certification and the necessary level of PA education. Most PA programs already confer master's degrees, but there has been at times vigorous debate on whether or not the PA profession should join pharmacy (PharmD), physical therapy (DPT), and advanced practice nursing (DNP) and standardize education at the clinical doctorate level...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947882/the-problem-of-fatigue-in-patients-suffering-from-neoplastic-disease
#14
REVIEW
Agnieszka Kolak, Marzena Kamińska, Elwira Wysokińska, Dariusz Surdyka, Dariusz Kieszko, Magdalena Pakieła, Franciszek Burdan
Modern therapeutic management of patients with cancer is associated with many adverse side effects, including fatigue defined as weariness, burnout, lassitude, malaise, apathy, impatience, and/or inability to perform daily activities. It occurs frequently before the diagnosis of cancer and may persist for a long time after the end of cancer therapy. It is a common problem that occurs regardless of the type of cancer and applied therapeutic procedure. The appearance of this symptom significantly affects the quality of life of patients and often reduces the effectiveness of implemented treatment...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919728/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-mild-airflow-limitation-current-knowledge-and-proposal-for-future-research-a-consensus-document-from-six-scientific-societies
#15
REVIEW
Andrea Rossi, Bojana Butorac-Petanjek, Marco Chilosi, Borja G Cosío, Matjaz Flezar, Nikolaos Koulouris, José Marin, Neven Miculinic, Guido Polese, Miroslav Samaržija, Sabina Skrgat, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos, Andrea Vukić-Dugac, Spyridon Zakynthinos, Marc Miravitlles
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, with high and growing prevalence. Its underdiagnosis and hence under-treatment is a general feature across all countries. This is particularly true for the mild or early stages of the disease, when symptoms do not yet interfere with daily living activities and both patients and doctors are likely to underestimate the presence of the disease. A diagnosis of COPD requires spirometry in subjects with a history of exposure to known risk factors and symptoms...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904328/a-narrative-review-of-non-operative-treatment-especially-traditional-chinese-medicine-therapy-for-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#16
Bo Zhang, Haidong Xu, Juntao Wang, Bin Liu, Guodong Sun
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH), as the main contributor to low back pain and sciatica, imposes a heavy burden on both the individual and society. Non-operative treatment or conservative treatment has proven effective in alleviation of the symptoms of LIDH and are considered to be a first-line choice for most cases. Active lifestyle, physical therapy, complementary and alternative medicine therapy or Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy, and pharmacotherapy are routinely used as effective non-operative treatment for LIDH patients...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855788/an-abbreviated-therapeutic-neuroscience-education-session-improves-pain-knowledge-in-first-year-physical-therapy-students-but-does-not-change-attitudes-or-beliefs
#18
Terry Cox, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. METHODS: Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835200/research-productivity-of-doctor-of-physical-therapy-faculty-promoted-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#19
Marissa A Littman, James W Sonne, Gerald V Smith
BACKGROUND: Little information exists on the research productivity of successfully promoted tenure-track Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) faculty. OBJECTIVE: To determine the research productivity that typically results in successful promotion. DESIGN: We collected publicly available curriculum vitae (CVs) from faculty currently in accredited DPT programs and who had been successfully promoted from an institution in the southeastern USA from 2000 through 2016...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816296/-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-associated-with-vesical-fistula-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
K H Hua, L Yang, X W Zhang, W J Bai, Q Li, T Xu
Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a very uncommon genetic disorder that results from the resistance of androgen receptor (AR) to androgen, which influences the formation of the male genitalia and in turn presents with female phenotype. Surgical resection of undesceaded testicle and different kinds of genitoplasty are crucial methods to correct the deformity of reproductive system, as well as hormone replacement therapy, which is an essential therapy for postoperational rehabilitation in AIS patients...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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