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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925813/what-patients-think-about-choice-in-healthcare-a-study-on-primary-care-services-in-finland
#1
Anna-Mari Aalto, Marko Elovainio, Liina-Kaisa Tynkkynen, Eeva Reissell, Tuulikki Vehko, Miisa Chydenius, Timo Sinervo
BACKGROUND: The ongoing Finnish health and social service reform will expand choice by opening the market for competition between public and private service providers. This study examined the attitudes of primary care patients towards choice and which patient-related factors are associated with these attitudes. METHODS: A sample of attenders during one week in health centres of 12 big cities and municipal consortiums (including seven outsourced local units) and in primary care units of one private company providing outsourced services for municipalities (aged 18-95, n=8128) was used...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925092/the-ontogeny-of-developmental-buffering-in-lizard-head-shape
#2
Marko M Lazić, Dennis Rödder, Antigoni Kaliontzopoulou
Canalization and developmental stability (DS) are important organismal properties involved in determining the level of phenotypic variation. Ontogenetic patterns of phenotypic variance components can shed light on the mechanistic basis of developmental buffering (DB). Here, we analyze how individual FA and among-individual variation in head shape change in ontogenetic series of three lizard species raised in laboratory. The degree of asymmetry increased slightly with size, suggesting that developmental mechanisms hypothesized to correct for deviations either do not exist, or that their efficiency is truncated with increasing size...
September 19, 2017: Evolution & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922426/a-dna-vaccine-for-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-protects-against-disease-and-death-in-two-lethal-mouse-models
#3
Aura R Garrison, Charles J Shoemaker, Joseph W Golden, Collin J Fitzpatrick, John J Suschak, Michelle J Richards, Catherine V Badger, Carolyn M Six, Jacqueline D Martin, Drew Hannaman, Marko Zivcec, Eric Bergeron, Jeffrey W Koehler, Connie S Schmaljohn
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne virus capable of causing a severe hemorrhagic fever disease in humans. There are currently no licensed vaccines to prevent CCHFV-associated disease. We developed a DNA vaccine expressing the M-segment glycoprotein precursor gene of CCHFV and assessed its immunogenicity and protective efficacy in two lethal mouse models of disease: type I interferon receptor knockout (IFNAR-/-) mice; and a novel transiently immune suppressed (IS) mouse model. Vaccination of mice by muscle electroporation of the M-segment DNA vaccine elicited strong antigen-specific humoral immune responses with neutralizing titers after three vaccinations in both IFNAR-/- and IS mouse models...
September 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922111/optimization-of-the-working-conditions-for-magnetic-nanoparticle-enhanced-microwave-diagnostics-of-breast-cancer
#4
Gennaro Bellizzi, Gennaro G Bellizzi, Ovidio M Bucci, Lorenzo Crocco, Marko Helbig, Sebastian Ley, Juergen Sachs
Magnetic nanoparticle-aided microwave imaging is recently gaining an increasing interest as potential tool for breast cancer diagnostics. This is due to the peculiar features of magnetic nanoparticles, which are biocompatible, can be selectively targeted to the tumor and may change their microwave magnetic response when modulated by a polarizing magnetic field. This latter aspect is particularly appealing, as it enables the physical separation of the microwave signal due the malignancy, targeted by the nanoparticles, from that due to healthy tissue...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920804/trichinella-infections-in-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes-and-golden-jackals-canis-aureus-in-six-districts-of-serbia
#5
Marko Dmitric, Dejan Vidanovic, Nikola Vaskovic, Kazimir Matovic, Milanko Sekler, Zoran Debeljak, Nedjeljko Karabasil
Wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and golden jackals (Canis aureus), are the most important reservoirs of Trichinella spp. Although the red fox is considered one of the main reservoirs of Trichinella spp. in Europe, only a few animals have been examined in Serbia. The present study assessed Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes and golden jackals from the six districts in Serbia. Thirty-seven carcasses of red foxes and 13 carcasses of golden jackals shot during the official hunting season were examined...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920697/n%C3%AE%C2%B5-and-o-acetylation-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-lineage-7-and-lineage-4-strains-proteins-involved-in-bioenergetics-virulence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-are-acetylated
#6
Alemayehu Godana Birhanu, Solomon Abebe Yimer, Carol Holm-Hansen, Gunnstein Norheim, Abraham Aseffa, Markos Abebe, Tone Tønjum
Increasing evidence demonstrates that lysine acetylation is involved in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) virulence and pathogenesis. However, previous investigations in Mtb have only monitored acetylation at lysine residues using selected reference strains. We analyzed the global Nε- and O-acetylation of 3 Mtb isolates; 2 lineage 7 clinical isolates and the lineage 4 H37Rv reference strain. Quantitative acetylome analysis resulted in identification of 2490 class-I acetylation sites, among them 2349 O-acetylation and 141 Nε-acetylation sites, derived from 953 unique proteins...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917381/uncovering-burden-disparity-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-and-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#7
Iltefat H Hamzavi, Murali Sundaram, Cynthia Nicholson, Marko Zivkovic, Angela Parks-Miller, Jianyi Lee, Jingbo Yi, Yihua Gu, Martin M Okun, Arijit Ganguli, Steve R Arikian
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) exhibit distinct clinical features, but no studies have directly compared the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with moderate-to-severe manifestations of these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine which disease is associated with more severe HRQoL impairment. METHODS: Weighted averages of each of the following baseline HRQoL measures were determined and compared between HS and psoriasis populations from 5 clinical trials: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, Total Work Productivity Impairment, Dermatology Life Quality Index; EuroQOL 5D VAS, and Short Form-36 Health Survey...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913704/impact-of-etiology-age-and-gender-on-onset-and-severity-of-hyponatremia-in-patients-with-hypopituitarism-retrospective-analysis-in-a-specialised-endocrine-unit
#8
Dragana Miljic, Mirjana Doknic, Marko Stojanovic, Marina Nikolic-Djurovic, Milan Petakov, Vera Popovic, Sandra Pekic
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia can unmask hypopituitarism and secondary adrenal insufficiency. This is important, since the need to screen for steroid deficiency, in patients with hyponatremia is often neglected. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, twenty-five patients (13f/12m, age 58.9 ± 18.6 years) with hyponatremia (119.7 ± 10.5 mmol/L) were identified among 260 in-patients treated for hypopituitarism in our specialized endocrine unit, over the last decade...
September 14, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912602/kinetic-adaptation-of-human-myo19-for-active-mitochondrial-transport-to-growing-filopodia-tips
#9
Marko Ušaj, Arnon Henn
Myosins are actin-based molecular motors which are enzymatically adapted for their cellular functions such as transportation and membrane tethering. Human Myo19 affects mitochondrial motility, and promotes their localization to stress-induced filopodia. Therefore, studying Myo19 enzymology is essential to understand how this motor may facilitate mitochondrial motility. Towards this goal, we have purified Myo19 motor domain (Myo19-3IQ) from a human-cell expression system and utilized transient kinetics to study the Myo19-3IQ ATPase cycle...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912530/ros-induced-distribution-of-mitochondria-to-filopodia-by-myo19-depends-on-a-class-specific-tryptophan-in-the-motor-domain
#10
Boris I Shneyer, Marko Ušaj, Naama Wiesel-Motiuk, Ronit Regev, Arnon Henn
The role of the actin cytoskeleton in relation to mitochondria function and dynamics is only recently beginning to be recognized. Myo19 is an actin-based motor that is bound to the outer mitochondrial membrane and promotes the localization of mitochondria to filopodia in response to glucose starvation. However, how glucose starvation induces mitochondria localization to filopodia, what are the dynamics of this process and which enzymatic adaptation allows the translocation of mitochondria to filopodia are not known...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912255/sex-hormones-and-the-development-of-sexual-size-dimorphism-dihydrotestosterone-inhibits-growth-in-a-female-larger-lizard-sceloporus-undulatus
#11
Nicholas B Pollock, Stephanie Feigin, Marko Drazenovic, Henry B John-Alder
Sexual differences in adult body size (sexual size dimorphism; SSD) and color (sexual dichromatism) are widespread, and both male- and female-biased dimorphisms are observed even among closely related species. A growing body of evidence indicates testosterone (T) can regulate growth, thus the development of SSD, and sexual dichromatism. However, the mechanism(s) underlying these effects are conjectural, including possible conversions of T to estradiol (E2) or 5 α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). In the present study, we hypothesized that effects of T are physiological responses mediated by androgen receptors, and we tested two specific predictions: 1) that DHT would mimic effects of T by inhibiting growth and enhancing coloration, and 2) that removal of endogenous T via surgical castration would stimulate growth...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911135/is-it-me-or-my-hormones-neuroendocrine-activation-profiles-to-visual-food-stimuli-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#12
Yardena Arnoni-Bauer, Atira Bick, Noa Raz, Tal Imbar, Shoshana Amos, Orly Agmon, Limor Marko, Netta Levin, Ram Weiss
Context: Homeostatic energy balance is controlled via the hypothalamus, whereas regions controlling reward and cognitive decision-making are critical for hedonic eating. Eating varies across the menstrual cycle peaking at the midluteal phase. Objective: To test responses of females with regular cycles during midfollicular and midluteal phase and of users of monophasic oral contraception pills (OCPs) to visual food cues. Design: Participants performed a functional magnetic resonance imaging while exposed to visual food cues in four time points: fasting and fed conditions in midfollicular and midluteal phases...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910626/long-term-modelling-of-fly-ash-and-radionuclide-emissions-as-well-as-deposition-fluxes-due-to-the-operation-of-large-oil-shale-fired-power-plants
#13
Taavi Vaasma, Marko Kaasik, Jüri Loosaar, Madis Kiisk, Alan H Tkaczyk
Two of the world's largest oil shale-fired power plants (PPs) in Estonia have been operational over 40 years, emitting various pollutants, such as fly ash, SOx, NOx, heavy metals, volatile organic compounds as well as radionuclides to the environment. The emissions from these PPs have varied significantly during this period, with the maximum during the 1970s and 1980s. The oil shale burned in the PPs contains naturally occurring radionuclides from the (238)U and (232)Th decay series as well as (40)K. These radionuclides become enriched in fly ash fractions (up to 10 times), especially in the fine fly ash escaping the purification system...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910341/individual-household-and-contextual-factors-associated-with-skilled-delivery-care-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-surveys
#14
Markos Mezmur, Kannan Navaneetham, Gobopamang Letamo, Hadgu Bariagaber
Despite evidence that social contexts are key determinants of health, research into factors associated with maternal health service utilization in Ethiopia has often focused on individual and household factors. The downside is that this underestimates the importance of taking contextual factors into account when planning appropriate interventions in promoting safe motherhood in the country. The purpose of this study is to fill this knowledge gap drawing attention to the largely unexplored contextual factors affecting the uptake of skilled attendance at delivery in a nationally representative sample...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906207/high-absolute-basophil-count-is-a-powerful-independent-predictor-of-inferior-overall-survival-in-patients-with-primary-myelofibrosis
#15
Marko Lucijanic, Ana Livun, Tajana Stoos-Veic, Vlatko Pejsa, Ozren Jaksic, David Cicic, Jelena Lucijanic, Zeljko Romic, Biserka Orehovec, Gorana Aralica, Marko Miletic, Rajko Kusec
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of absolute basophil count (ABC) in patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 58 patients with PMF treated in our institution in the period from 2006 to 2017. ABC was obtained in addition to other hematological and clinical parameters. Patients were separated into high and low ABC groups using the Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: ABC was higher in PMF patients than in healthy controls (P < 0...
September 14, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906181/a-decade-of-using-small-to-medium-throughput-allele-discrimination-assay-to-determine-prion-protein-gene-prnp-genotypes-in-sheep-in-slovenia
#16
Jelka Zabavnik, Marko Cotman, Polona Juntes, Ivan Ambrozic
Sheep with valine (V) at codon 136 and glutamine (Q) at codon 171 of the prion protein gene ( Prnp) are highly susceptible to classical scrapie, whereas phenylalanine (F) at codon 141 and histidine (H) at codon 154 play a major role in the susceptibility to atypical scrapie. A TaqMan real-time PCR assay was developed to determine Prnp alleles at codons 136, 141, 154, and 171 and used in classical scrapie eradication and breeding programs adopted in Slovenia. The frequency of the most resistant genotypes ARR/ARR and ARR/ARQ increased significantly in tested animals ( n = 35,138) from 6...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902959/insight-into-the-activation-of-in-situ-generated-chiral-rh-i-catalysts-and-their-application-in-cyclotrimerizations
#17
Indre Thiel, Moritz Horstmann, Phillip Jungk, Sonja Keller, Fabian Fischer, Hans-Joachim Drexler, Detlef Heller, Marko Hapke
The generation of highly active chiral catalysts at mild temperatures for [2+2+2] cycloaddition reactions is a requirement for high conversions as well as selectivities with selected examples giving up to 96% ee in single cases. We herein report a detailed study on the generation of [Rh(diphosphine)(solvent)]+ complexes as catalysts for cyclotrimerizations, with single examples applying the ((Sc,Rp)-Duanphos) ligand giving up to 96% ee selectivity in single cases. Novel ammonia complexes of the type [Rh(diphosphine)(NH3)2]+ were also successfully tested for the generation of the highly reactive solvent complexes...
September 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900791/telomere-length-and-antioxidant-defense-associate-with-parasite-induced-retarded-growth-in-wild-brown-trout
#18
Janina Stauffer, Matthieu Bruneaux, Bineet Panda, Marko Visse, Anti Vasemägi, Petteri Ilmonen
Early growth conditions can have profound impacts on individuals' development, growth and physiology, with subsequent long-term consequences for individuals' fitness and life expectancy. Telomere length (TL) has been suggested to indicate both individual fitness and life expectancy in wide range of species, as the telomere attrition rate at early age can be accelerated due to exposure to various stressors, including parasites and inflammatory diseases, which increase production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and influence antioxidant (AO) levels...
September 12, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895087/benefit-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-local-control-distant-metastasis-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-localized-soft-tissue-sarcoma-comparative-effectiveness-analysis-of-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
Florian Posch, Richard Partl, Carmen Döller, Jakob M Riedl, Maria Smolle, Lukas Leitner, Marko Bergovec, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Michael Stotz, Angelika Bezan, Armin Gerger, Martin Pichler, Karin S Kapp, Herbert Stöger, Andreas Leithner, Joanna Szkandera
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to quantify the benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy (AXRT) for local control, distant metastasis, and long-term survival outcomes in patients with localized soft tissue sarcoma (STS). METHODS: This single-center retrospective observational study enrolled 433 STS patients who underwent surgery with curative intent. An inverse probability of treatment-weighted (IPTW) analysis was implemented to account rigorously for imbalances in prognostic variables between the adjuvant treatment groups...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895066/the-effect-of-short-term-treatment-with-lithium-carbonate-on-the-outcome-of-radioiodine-therapy-in-patients-with-long-lasting-graves-hyperthyroidism
#20
Vladan Sekulić, Milena Rajić, Marina Vlajković, Slobodan Ilić, Miloš Stević, Marko Kojić
OBJECTIVE: The outcome of radioiodine therapy (RIT) in Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH) mainly depends on radioiodine ((131)I) uptake and the effective half-life of (131)I in the gland. Studies have shown that lithium carbonate (LiCO3) enhances the (131)I half-life and increases the applied thyroid radiation dose without affecting the thyroid (131)I uptake. We investigated the effect of short-term treatment with LiCO3 on the outcome of RIT in patients with long-lasting GH, its influence on the thyroid hormones levels 7 days after RIT, and possible side effects...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
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