keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cpb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930238/a-thrombomodulin-gene-polymorphism-c1418t-is-associated-with-early-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-with-a-conventional-cardiopulmonary-bypass-during-hospitalization
#1
Ching-Chou Pai, Yi-Wen Lin, Yi-Ting Tsai, Shih-Hurng Loh, Chih-Yuan Lin, Chin-Sheng Lin, Yi-Chang Lin, Hung-Yen Ke, Feng-Yen Lin, Chien-Sung Tsai
Background: Thrombomodulin (TM) is a type of cell membrane-bound anticoagulant protein cofactor in the thrombin-mediated activation of protein C. Previous evidence has shown an association between TM polymorphisms and systemic inflammation. Conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), beating-heart CPB, and off-pump techniques have been widely used in cardiac surgery. However, these techniques may also cause systemic inflammatory responses in the patients. Whether TM polymorphisms are associated with systemic inflammation after cardiac surgery is still unclear...
April 23, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926643/skin-perfusion-pressure-as-an-indicator-of-tissue-perfusion-in-valvular-heart-surgery-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Young Song, Sarah Soh, Jae-Kwang Shim, Kyoung-Un Park, Young-Lan Kwak
Hemodynamic management aims to provide adequate tissue perfusion, which is often altered during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We evaluated whether skin perfusion pressure (SPP) can be used for monitoring of adequacy of tissue perfusion in patients undergoing valvular heart surgery. Seventy-two patients undergoing valve replacement were enrolled. SPP and serum lactate level were assessed after anaesthesia induction (baseline), during CPB, after CPB-off, end of surgery, arrival at intensive care unit, and postoperative 6 h...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925468/comparison-of-carboplatin-and-paclitaxel-with-or-without-bevacizumab-in-chemotherapeutic-regimens-for-unresectable-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
T Ding, Z-T Li, X Zhang, Y-T Shi
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to compare the chemoradiotherapeutic regimens of carboplatin and paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab for stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2010 to December 2016, 102 patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC were finally included and divided randomly into two groups. Patients in the CP group received the treatment of carboplatin (area under the curve of 6) on day 1 and paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, and 15...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923524/mandarin-fish-p53-genomic-structure-alternatively-spliced-variant-and-its-mrna-expression-after-virus-challenge
#4
Huizhi Guo, Xiaozhe Fu, Qiang Lin, Lihui Liu, Hongru Liang, Zhibin Huang, Ningqiu Li, Jianguo Su
A number of size variants of the p53 protein have been described in mammal, but little is known about alternative splicing of p53 expression and function in the fish. In our previous study, the immune defense and antiviral responses of p53 had been determined in mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi). However, the role of its splicing variants remains unknown. In the present study, the organization of mandarin fish p53 (Sc-p53) genome sequence was determined and a novel splice variant was characterized. The Sc-p53 genomic sequence was composed of 5543 bp, containing 11 exons and 10 introns, which was similar to other species...
September 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920049/effect-of-selenium-on-stress-response-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-clinical-trial
#5
Ali Mirmansouri, Vali Imantalab, Ali Mohammadzadeh Jouryabi, Gholamreza Kanani, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Farnoush Farzi, Gelareh Biazar, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Masoud Tarbiat
BACKGROUND: In spite of significant improvements in surgical and anesthetic techniques, acute stress response to surgery remains a main cause of mortality and morbidity in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients. Therefore, doing research to find safe and effective modalities with more cardio protective properties seems necessary. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to determine whether intravenous injection of 600 μg Selenium (Se) prior to surgery would limit stress response measured by blood sugar...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920048/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-and-intraoperative-coeliac-plexus-block-cpb-for-post-operative-analgesia-following-laparotomy-two-case-reports
#6
Vasanth Rao Kadam, George Kiroff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918471/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-versus-cardiopulmonary-bypass-during-lung-transplantation-a-meta-analysis
#7
Dimitrios E Magouliotis, Vasiliki S Tasiopoulou, Alexis A Svokos, Konstantina A Svokos, Dimitris Zacharoulis
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the available literature on patients undergoing lung transplantation supported by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in three databases, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Meta-analyses were used to compare the outcomes of ECMO and CPB procedures. RESULTS: Seven observational studies met the inclusion criteria incorporating 785 patients...
September 16, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912778/neuroprotective-effects-of-annexin-a1-tripeptide-after-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-rats
#8
Zhiquan Zhang, Qing Ma, Bijal Shah, G Burkhard Mackensen, Donald C Lo, Joseph P Mathew, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Niccolò Terrando
Resolution agonists, including lipid mediators and peptides such as annexin A1 (ANXA1), are providing novel approaches to treat inflammatory conditions. Surgical trauma exerts a significant burden on the immune system that can affect and impair multiple organs. Perioperative cerebral injury after cardiac surgery is associated with significant adverse neurological outcomes such as delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Using a clinically relevant rat model of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), we tested the pro-resolving effects of a novel bioactive ANXA1 tripeptide (ANXA1sp) on neuroinflammation and cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893433/effects-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-patients-with-concentric-myocardial-hypertrophy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-molecular-insights
#9
Young Song, Jong Wook Song, Sak Lee, Ji-Hae Jun, Young-Lan Kwak, Jae-Kwang Shim
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) for cardioprotection in cardiac surgery is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular effects of RIPC on the concentrically hypertrophied myocardium. METHODS: Seventy-two aortic stenosis patients receiving aortic valve replacement (AVR) under sevoflurane anesthesia were randomly allocated to RIPC (3cycles of 5-min inflation [300mmHg] and deflation on the left arm) or control (deflated cuff placement) group...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890148/co-infections-of-infectious-spleen-and-kidney-necrosis-virus-and-siniperca-chuatsi-rhabdovirus-in-chinese-perch-siniperca-chuatsi
#10
Qiang Lin, Xiaozhe Fu, Ningqiu Li, Quanyuan Wan, Wenjie Chen, Yunmao Huang, Zhibin Huang, Jun Li, Lijuan Zhao, Li Lin
In spite of the quite common co-infections of viruses in the cultured fish, most of the previous studies have just simply focused on the infection of a single pathogen. In this report, we observed that about 13% of cultured Chinese perch have been co-infected by infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) and Siniperca chuatsi rhabdovirus (SCRV). Furthermore, Chinese perch could co-infected by ISKNV and SCRV by intraperitoneally injection with the two viruses. Interestingly, we revealed that the two viruses could even co-infect a single cell of Chinese perch in vivo and a single Chinese perch brain cells (CPB) cell in vitro...
September 7, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883474/plasma-exosomal-mir-223-expression-regulates-inflammatory-responses-during-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#11
Kin-Shing Poon, Kalaiselvi Palanisamy, Shih-Sheng Chang, Kuo-Ting Sun, Kuen-Bao Chen, Ping-Chun Li, Tso-Chou Lin, Chi-Yuan Li
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces inflammatory responses, and effective endogenous homeostasis is important for preventing systemic inflammation. We assessed whether plasma exosomal microRNAs in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB are involved in the regulation of inflammatory responses. Plasma samples were isolated from CPB patients (n = 21) at 5 specified time points: pre-surgery, pre-CPB and 2 hours (h), 4 h and 24 h after CPB began. Plasma TNF-α expression was increased after CPB began compared to that in the pre-surgery samples...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870848/sevoflurane-induced-cardioprotection-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-randomised-trial-with-clinical-and-ex-vivo-endpoints
#12
Sandrine Lemoine, Lan Zhu, Jean-Louis Grard, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass increases postoperative mortality. Setting techniques to protect the heart during this critical period therefore represents a considerable challenge. METHOD: A randomised controlled study in Caen University Hospital Centre, investigated whether the clinical cardio protective effects of administration sevoflurane before cardiopulmonary bypass during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) could translate into protected atrial trabeculae contractility against hypoxia-reoxygenation in vitro...
September 1, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870116/beta-thalassemia-in-the-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-setting-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Rebecca Richardson, Richard Issitt, Richard Crook
Beta (β)-thalassemia is a blood disorder with an incidence of 1 in 100,000.(1) This case report outlines a patient with β-thalassemia requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and the measures taken to ensure an uneventful procedure.
September 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866320/differences-in-perioperative-femoral-and-radial-arterial-blood-pressure-in-neonates-and-infants-undergoing-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-requiring-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#14
Hwa Jin Cho, Sang Hoon Lee, In Seok Jeong, Nam Sik Yoon, Jae Sook Ma, Byoung Hee Ahn
OBJECTIVE: Several reports claim that blood pressure (BP) in the radial artery may underestimate the accurate BP in critically ill patients. Here, the authors evaluated differences in mean blood pressure (MBP) between the radial and femoral artery during pediatric cardiac surgery to determine the effectiveness of femoral arterial BP monitoring. METHOD: The medical records of children under 1 year of age who underwent open-heart surgery between 2007 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 30, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863043/pediatric-tandem-therapeutic-apheresis-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#15
Rachel M Sirignano, Erin K Meyer, Ross Fasano, Matthew L Paden
The epidemiology, safety, and efficacy of pediatric multiple tandem extracorporeal therapies are not well understood. We conducted a retrospective chart review of therapeutic apheresis (TA) from January 1, 2012 to October 31, 2015. We collected procedural/clinical demographics, American Society for Apheresis (ASFA) indication, complications, and mortality. One hundred eighty tandem TA procedures were performed in 53 patients. Median age was 9 years (range: 2 months to 21 years) with a median weight of 28 kg (range: 6-170...
August 31, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862938/microstructural-alterations-and-oligodendrocyte-dysmaturation-in-white-matter-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-a-juvenile-porcine-model
#16
Gary R Stinnett, Stephen Lin, Alexandru V Korotcov, Ludmila Korotcova, Paul D Morton, Shruti D Ramachandra, Angeline Pham, Sonali Kumar, Kota Agematsu, David Zurakowski, Paul C Wang, Richard A Jonas, Nobuyuki Ishibashi
BACKGROUND: Newly developed white matter (WM) injury is common after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in severe/complex congenital heart disease. Fractional anisotropy (FA) allows measurement of macroscopic organization of WM pathology but has rarely been applied after CPB. The aims of our animal study were to define CPB-induced FA alterations and to determine correlations between these changes and cellular events after congenital heart disease surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Normal porcine WM development was first assessed between 3 and 7 weeks of age: 3-week-old piglets were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 CPB-induced insults...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858859/independent-risk-factors-and-2-year-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#17
Daishi Hirano, Akira Ito, Akifumi Yamada, Daisuke Kakegawa, Saori Miwa, Chisato Umeda, Kosuke Chiba, Yoichi Takemasa, Ai Tokunaga, Hiroyuki Ida
BACKGROUND: Data are limited regarding risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). This observational study was performed to examine temporal trends in AKI incidence according to the Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage Renal Disease (pRIFLE) criteria, identify independent risk factors for AKI after cardiac surgery, and examine associations between AKI and long-term mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 418 patients (259 males, 159 females; median age, 5 months) who underwent cardiac surgery for CHD between April 2007 and August 2013...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833385/empiric-vancomycin-dosing-in-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-the-impact-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-trough-concentrations
#18
Christopher A Thomas, Amy Picone, Sharad Menon, Brigham C Willis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal vancomycin dosing regimen to achieve empiric goal trough concentrations in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease and to examine the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass on vancomycin dosing requirements. METHODS: Patients younger than 18 years of age admitted to the pediatric cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU) at our institution from 10/1/2012 - 12/31/2014 who received at least one dose of vancomycin were retrospectively reviewed...
August 22, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828590/direct-reopening-of-the-occluded-hepatic-veins-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-verification-of-our-operative-method-by-the-perioperative-course-of-esophageal-varices
#19
Yukio Kuniyoshi, Hitoshi Inafuku, Satoshi Yamashiro, Yuya Kise, Takaaki Nagano, Ryoko Arakaki, Tatsuya Maeda, Mizuki Ando, Shotaro Higa
OBJECTIVE: A total of 69 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) were operated by direct approach under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To assess the operative procedure, the perioperative course of esophageal varices (EVs) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 69 patients, 59 (22 females) were enrolled in this study because they had complete follow-up data for endoscopic evaluation of EVs. Their mean age was 46.3 ± 13.0 years (range 21-73.3 years). EVs were found in 52 patients...
August 21, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820544/use-of-adjuncts-reduces-cardiopulmonary-bypass-time-during-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Alice Wang, Sharon L McCartney, Judson B Williams, Asvin Ganapathi, Donald D Glower, Alina Nicoara, Jeffrey G Gaca
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) through a mini-thoracotomy is comparable to AVR through a sternotomy, but may have increased surgical times. The development of adjuncts such as the automatic knot fastener and percutaneous coronary sinus (CS) catheter may reduce this disadvantage. METHODS: A retrospective review conducted between 2002 and 2015 at a single institution revealed 78 patients who underwent MIAVR with adjuncts. The automatic knot fastener was used on all patients, and a successful CS catheter was placed and confirmed by echocardiography in 67 patients (86%)...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
keyword
keyword
47524
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"