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Ricardo de Marchi, Cátia Millene Dell'Agnolo, Tiara Cristina Romeiro Lopes, Angela Andréia França Gravena, Marcela de Oliveira Demitto, Sheila Cristina Rocha Brischiliari, Deise Helena Pelloso Borghesan, Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components among pre- and postmenopausal women, as well as the association between menopausal status and MS. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a reference cardiology outpatient clinic in a city located in Northwestern Paraná State, Brazil. A total of 958 medical records of symptomatic climacteric women evaluated between 2010 and 2014 were analyzed...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Janet S Carpenter, Doyle Groves, Chen X Chen, Julie L Otte, Wendy R Miller
OBJECTIVE: To detect and visualize salient queries about menopause using Big Data from ChaCha. METHODS: We used Word Adjacency Graph (WAG) modeling to detect clusters and visualize the range of menopause-related topics and their mutual proximity. The subset of relevant queries was fully modeled. We split each query into token words (ie, meaningful words and phrases) and removed stopwords (ie, not meaningful functional words). The remaining words were considered in sequence to build summary tables of words and two and three-word phrases...
February 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Qing-Hua Wang, Cheng Zhao, Miao Zhang, Yu-Zhong Li, Yuan-Yue Shen, Jia-Xuan Guo
Although much progress has been made towards understanding the ripening of non-climacteric fruit using the strawberry as a model plant, the defined molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, RNA-sequencing was performed using four cDNA libraries around the onset of ripening, and a total of 31,793 unigenes and 335 pathways were annotated including the top five pathways, which were involved in ribosome, spliceosome, protein processing, plant-pathogen interaction and plant hormone signaling, and the important DEGs related to ripening were annotated to be mainly involved in protein translation and processing, sugar metabolism, energy metabolism, phytohormones, antioxidation, pigment and softening, especially finding a decreased trend of oxidative phosphorylation during red-coloring...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib, Dian Tjondronegoro, Jane Turner, Leanne Monterosso, Amanda McGuire, Janine Porter-Steele, Wei Song, Patsy Yates, Neil King, Leonie Young, Kate White, Kathryn Lee, Sonj Hall, Mei Krishnasamy, Kathy Wells, Sarah Balaam, Alexandra L McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment have significantly improved survival rates, patients post-treatment-related health needs are often not adequately addressed by current health services. The aim of the Women's Wellness after Cancer Program (WWACP), which is a digitised multimodal lifestyle intervention, is to enhance health-related quality of life in women previously treated for blood, breast and gynaecological cancers. METHODS: A single-blinded, multi-centre randomized controlled trial recruited a total of 330 women within 24 months of completion of chemotherapy (primary or adjuvant) and/or radiotherapy...
February 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
Tharita Kitisripanya, Kamonthip Jutathis, Chadathorn Inyai, Jukrapun Komaikul, Orapin Udomsin, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Waraporn Putalun
Pueraria candollei var. mirifica or White Kwao Krua (WKK) is a phytoestrogen-rich plant widely used among women to improve climacteric symptoms. Additionally, the tuberous roots of this plant have been added as an active ingredient for skin rejuvenation and breast enlargement effects in various functional foods. However, most of the products on the market containing WKK have not been sufficiently standardized with respect to the active compound or identical marker. To control the quality of these plant materials, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-isomiroestrol antibodies was established for the determination of isomiroestrol, an identical marker in WKK...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Charrlotte Seib, Janine Porter-Steele, Amanda McGuire, Alexandra McCarthy, Sarah Balaam, Debra J Anderson
OBJECTIVES: This analysis examined climacteric symptoms clusters in women with and without breast cancer, and explored how sociodemographic, health, and modifiable lifestyle factors predicted symptom clusters. METHODS: This pooled analysis of four Women's Wellness Research Program (WWRP) studies comprised individual-level data from 969 Australian women aged 40 to 63 years, 293 of whom had been previously treated for breast cancer and 678 without a breast cancer history...
January 30, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Sunny George Gwanpua, Bert E Verlinden, Maarten L A T M Hertog, Bart M Nicolai, Annemie H Geeraerd
BACKGROUND: 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) inhibits ripening in climacteric fruit by blocking ethylene receptors, preventing ethylene from binding and eliciting its action. The objective of the current study was to use mathematical models to describe 1-MCP inhibition of apple fruit ripening, and to provide a tool for predicting ethylene production, and two important quality indicators of apple fruit, firmness and background colour. RESULTS: A model consisting of coupled differential equations describing 1-MCP inhibition of apple ripening was developed...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Álvaro Monterrosa-Castro, Katherin Portela-Buelvas, Marlon Salguedo-Madrid, Joulen Mo-Carrascal, Carolina Duran-Méndez Leidy
To identify the scales to assess sleep disorders applied to women with climacteric stage. Bibliographical research without intervention, the available information in scientific databases. Performed in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Ebscohos OvidSP and Health Library. The words used in this article: insomnia, adjustment sleep disorder, questionnaires, studies and menopause. Publications of all types were included. Seven scales were identified: Insomnia Severity Index, Athens Insomnia Scale, Pittsburgh Quality of sleep Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Jenkins Sleep Scale, Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire and The St Mary's Hospital Sleep Questionnaire...
July 2016: Sleep Science
Lingfei Shangguan, Qian Mu, Xiang Fang, Kekun Zhang, Haifeng Jia, Xiaoying Li, Yiqun Bao, Jinggui Fang
Grapevine berry development is a complex and genetically controlled process, with many morphological, biochemical and physiological changes occurring during the maturation process. Research carried out on grapevine berry development has been mainly concerned with wine grape, while barely focusing on table grape. 'Fujiminori' is an important table grapevine cultivar, which is cultivated in most provinces of China. In order to uncover the dynamic networks involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis, cell wall development, lipid metabolism and starch-sugar metabolism in 'Fujiminori' fruit, we employed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and analyzed the whole transcriptome of grape berry during development at the expanding period (40 days after full bloom, 40DAF), véraison period (65DAF), and mature period (90DAF)...
2017: PloS One
H P G Schneider, M Birkhäuser
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) refers to the effects of an individual's physical state on all aspects of psychosocial functioning. For postmenopausal women, HRQoL is the only global criterion that is decisive for their daily well-being. Symptoms experienced during menopause and sociodemographic characteristics affect quality of life in postmenopausal women. In younger, symptomatic, postmenopausal women, HRQoL may be significantly diminished. However, quality of life after menopause is influenced by many additional, non-menopausal factors...
January 24, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
M Kitanohara, T Yamamoto, S Masunaga, M Ohishi, Y Komatsu, M Nagase
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effects of oral porcine placental extract (PPE) on the mild menopausal symptoms of climacteric women. METHODS: In this 12-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, 50 climacteric Japanese women were randomized 1 : 1 to oral PPE (300 mg/day) or placebo. Menopausal symptoms were evaluated by using the Simplified Menopausal Index (SMI), as were serum estradiol (E2) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels...
January 23, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
E Alos, A Martinez-Fuentes, C Reig, C Mesejo, M J Rodrigo, M Agustí, L Zacarías
In order to gain insights into the controversial ripening behavior of loquat fruits, in the present study we have analyzed the expression of three genes related to ethylene biosynthesis (ACS1, ACO1 and ACO2), two ethylene receptors (ERS1a and ERS1b), one signal transduction component (CTR1) and one transcription factor (EIL1) in peel and pulp of loquat fruit during natural ripening and also in fruits treated with ethylene (10μLL(-1)) and 1-MCP (10μLL(-1)), an ethylene action inhibitor. In fruits attached to or detached from the tree, a slight increase in ethylene production was detected at the yellow stage, but the respiration rate declined progressively during ripening...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
C Ma, L Wang, U Y Lee, K Tanabe, S Kang, C X Zhang
To identify the roles of ethylene in fruit development in Japanese pear Pyrus pyrifolia 'Niitaka', one of the non-climacteric genotypes, source-sink strength and fruit development during fruit expansion were investigated when ethephon was applied after a conventional gibberellic acid (GA) lanolin paste treatment on the pedicel. The results demonstrate that the conventional GA treatment during the early stage of fruit expansion resulted in larger fruit size and advanced fruit maturation, but pre-harvest foliar application of ethephon only advanced fruit maturation...
December 23, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Aaron K Styer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Patrick Diel, Anne Kurrat, Christina Oden, Lars Hanke
Menopause is for many females associated with an occurrence of a variety of health complaints and a decrease in quality in life. Hot flashes, sleep disturbances and a variety of other symptoms result in a strong psychological strain. Hormone replacement therapy for treatment of climacteric complaints is discussed controversially regarding associated side effects. This is a major reason to propose treatment with plant derived extracts and compounds as an alternative. Such compounds are available either as drugs but mostly as nutritional supplements...
January 4, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
R E Katainen, J R Engblom, T J Siirtola, R U Erkkola, P Polo-Kantola
OBJECTIVES: We have previously shown an association between several chronic somatic diseases and climacteric-related symptoms. This time, we investigated whether self-rated health (SRH) contributes to this association. METHODS: The Women's Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the climacteric-related symptoms, and existence of the diseases was investigated in 3421 women (41-54 years). In our previous study, the associations were defined with multivariable analyses...
February 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Kathiussa Dombek, Emille Joana Medeiros Capistrano, Ana Carolina Carioca Costa, Lizanka Paola Figueiredo Marinheiro
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MS) and to identify factors that contribute to FSD in postmenopausal women. Subjects and methods: This was a cross-sectional study in 111 sexually active women aged 45-65 years. We applied the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) to evaluate the participant's sexual function and a structured questionnaire to collect demographic, socioeconomic, clinical, anthropometric, and laboratory data...
November 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Rui-Heng Wang, Xin-Yu Yuan, Lan-Huan Meng, Ben-Zhong Zhu, Hong-Liang Zhu, Yun-Bo Luo, Da-Qi Fu
Ethylene is crucial in climacteric fruit ripening. The ethylene signal pathway regulates several physiological alterations such as softening, carotenoid accumulation and sugar level reduction, and production of volatile compounds. All these physiological processes are controlled by numerous genes and their expression simultaneously changes at the onset of ripening. Ethylene insensitive 2 (EIN2) is a key component for ethylene signal transduction, and its mutation causes ethylene insensitivity. In tomato, silencing SlEIN2 resulted in a non-ripening phenotype and low ethylene production...
2016: PloS One
Yogev Rosianski, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Zohar E Freiman, Kumar Lama, Shira Milo-Cochavi, Yardena Dahan, Zohar Kerem, Moshe A Flaishman
In the unconventional climacteric fig (Ficus carica) fruit, pollinated and parthenocarpic fruit of the same genotype exhibit different ripening characteristics. Integrative comparative analyses of tissue-specific transcript and of hormone levels during fruit repining from pollinated vs. parthenocarpic fig fruit were employed to unravel the similarities and differences in their regulatory processes during fruit repining. Assembling tissue-specific transcripts into 147,000 transcripts with 53,000 annotated genes provided new insights into the spatial distribution of many classes of regulatory and structural genes, including those related to color, taste and aroma, storage, protein degradation, seeds and embryos, chlorophyll, and hormones...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ruth Evelyn R S Lourenço, Amanda A N Linhares, André Vicente de Oliveira, Marcelo Gomes da Silva, Jurandi Gonçalves de Oliveira, Maria Cristina Canela
The papaya is a commercially important fruit commodity worldwide. Being a climacteric fruit, it is highly perishable. Thus, for the transportation of papaya fruit for long distances without loss of quality, it is necessary to avoid the autocatalytic effect of ethylene in accelerating the ripening of the fruit. This work addresses the application of heterogeneous photocatalysis to the degradation of ethylene. A TiO2 sol-gel supported on polypropylene (PP) and on glass was used as the catalytic material, and a UV-A lamp was employed as the radiation source...
December 12, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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