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S Cárdenas-Pérez, J J Chanona-Pérez, N Güemes-Vera, J Cybulska, M Szymanska-Chargot, M Chylinska, A Kozioł, D Gawkowska, P M Pieczywek, A Zdunek
Mango is an important crop worldwide, with a postharvest loss that is huge due to its climacteric behaviour. This study evaluated the softening of Tommy Atkins mangos during the ripening process. Ripening index (RPI) shown a decrease from 9.18 ± 0.14 to 4.75 ± 0.47. The enzymatic activity agreed with physicochemical parameters and with the structural and mechanical changes. Three pectin fractions were isolated from the mango cell wall: water soluble (WSP), chelator soluble (CSP) and diluted alkali soluble (DASP) pectin...
September 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Emma Del Carmen Macías-Cortés, Lidia Llanes-González, Leopoldo Aguilar-Faisal, Juan Asbun-Bojalil
BACKGROUND:  Although individualized homeopathic treatment is effective for depression in climacteric women, there is a lack of well-designed studies of its efficacy for depression in battered women or in post-traumatic stress disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the association between individualized homeopathic treatment or fluoxetine and response to depression treatment in climacteric women with high levels of domestic violence, sexual abuse or marital dissatisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  One hundred and thirty-three Mexican climacteric women with moderate-to-severe depression enrolled in the HOMDEP-MENOP Study (a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, three-arm trial, with a 6-week follow-up study) were evaluated...
June 5, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Francisco J Corpas, José M Palma
Fruit ripening is a complex physiological process involving significant external and internal modifications. Classic edible fleshy fruits have been classified as climacteric or non-climacteric according to their dependence on the hormone ethylene; however, data have increasingly confirmed the involvement of the free radical nitric oxide (NO) in this process. Moreover, the exogenous application of NO demonstrates its beneficial effects on fruit quality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
June 5, 2018: Plant Biology
Martin Imhof, Anca Gocan, Marianne Imhof, Mathias Schmidt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to assess the potency of a soy germ preparation for the alleviation of menopausal hot flushes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Caucasian women with at least seven hot flushes daily were treated with soy germ extract (100 mg isoflavone glycosides) daily or with placebo for 12 weeks, followed by 12 weeks of open treatment with soy. Outcome parameters were the number of hot flushes and the evaluation of the Greene Climacteric Scale...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Heng Deng, Julien Pirrello, Yao Chen, Nan Li, Sihua Zhu, Ximena Chirinos, Mondher Bouzayen, Yongsheng Liu, Mingchun Liu
Ethylene is instrumental to climacteric fruit ripening and EIN3 BINDING F-BOX (EBF) proteins have been assigned a central role in mediating ethylene responses by regulating EIN3/EIL degradation in Arabidopsis. However, the role and mode of action of tomato EBFs in ethylene-dependent processes like fruit ripening remains unclear. Two novel EBF genes, SlEBF3 and SlEBF4, were identified in the tomato genome and SlEBF3 displayed a ripening-associated expression pattern suggesting its potential involvement in controlling ethylene response during fruit ripening...
May 23, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Bruno G Defilippi, Troy Ejsmentewicz, María Paz Covarrubias, Orianne Gudenschwager, Reinaldo Campos-Vargas
The avocado is a climacteric fruit and begins a softening process after harvest. During ripening, the mesocarp changes in texture, and this affects fruit quality and cold storage capacity. Softening is commonly associated with cell wall disassembly in climacteric fruits. However, changes in the cell wall structure and composition during avocado softening are poorly understood. To understand this process, cell wall pectins in "Hass" avocado fruit were studied during ripening at 20 °C after harvest and after cold storage...
May 17, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Leila Kargarfard, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Fatemeh Rajab Dizavandi, Imaneh Khorsand
Objectives: The aim of the present study is the systematic and critical investigation of the effectiveness of fennel on the climacteric symptoms among menopausal females. Methods: A search of the trials studying the effect of fennel on menopausal females was conducted in 2017 using the MEDLINE and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library with the following keywords: fennel, Foeniculum vulgare , and menopause. Results: Fennel combined with officinalis is more effective in the attenuating of sleep disorders compared to Citalopram...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Sebastián Carranza-Lira, Flor de Durazno Casillas Núñez
Introduction: To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in pre and postmenopausal women. Material and methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, comparative study was done in climacteric women from 40 to 59 years of age. Female sexual function was evaluated with the female sexual function index (FSFI) on the day of consultation. The comparison between pre and postmenopausal women and between those with or without sexual dysfunction was done with Mann Whitney U test, χ2 , and Spearman's correlation analysis was done...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Belinda Yuh-Wen Su, Tao-Hsin Tung, Wu-Hsiung Chien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Evangelos Karagiannis, Michail Michailidis, Katerina Karamanoli, Athina Lazaridou, Ioannis S Minas, Athanassios Molassiotis
Sweet cherry, a non-climacteric and highly perishable fruit, is usually cold-stored during post-harvest period to prevent senescence; therefore, metabolic profiling in response to cold storage in sweet cherry is of economic and scientific interest. In the present work, metabolic analysis was performed in fruit and stem tissues to determine the metabolic dynamics associated with cold storage in response to 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene-action inhibitor, and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Fruit (cv...
June 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Carmen Wong, Benjamin Hon-Kei Yip, Ting Gao, Kitty Yu Yuk Lam, Doris Mei Sum Woo, Annie Lai King Yip, Chloe Yu Chin, Winnie Pui Yin Tang, Mandy Mun Tse Choy, Katrina Wai Key Tsang, Suzanne C Ho, Helen Shuk Wah Ma, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
Psychological and behavioural interventions may be effective in reducing menopause-related symptoms. This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) in reducing menopause-related symptoms by comparing with an active control group, the menopause education control (MEC). Symptomatic peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women with mild to moderate symptoms were recruited. The primary outcome was overall menopausal symptoms measured by modified Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS)...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Huanhuan Ren, Jun Ma, Lingling Si, Boxue Ren, Xiaoyu Chen, Dan Wang, Wenjin Hao, Xuexi Tang, Defang Li, Qiusheng Zheng
Background Phytoestrogens has been proposed as a replaceable medicine for climacteric hormone replacement therapy, according to EP3138562, WO/2017/019213 and US5516528. However, recent studies showed that phytoestrogens might promote the proliferation of breast cancer cells and that is associated with their estrogenic activity. Acacetin, as one phytoestrogen, has been reported to exhibit estrogenic activity. But the effects of Acacetin on breast cancer cells proliferation have not been explored Objective In this study, we evaluated the effects of acacetin on breast cancer MCF-7 cells proliferation and explored its possible mechanism...
April 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
Juan Enrique Blümel, Eugenio Arteaga, Joaquín Parra, Carolina Monsalve, Valentina Reyes, María Soledad Vallejo, Rosa Chea
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) is one of the most frequently used instruments to evaluate menopausal symptoms; however, no cut-off score is given that would indicate the need for treatment. Our goal was to determine such a cut-off score on the MRS, using as a standard a woman's own perception of her need for treatment in relation to the severity of her symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 427 healthy women aged 40-59 years who were not taking hormonal treatment...
May 2018: Maturitas
Tatjana Gazibara, Biljana Rancic, Sanja Radovanovic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Jelena Dotlic
Physical and psychological changes during menopausal transition may affect various aspects of everyday functioning including women's work ability and work productivity. Presence of menopausal symptoms has been well-acknowledged to negatively affect quality of life (QOL). However, data on factors associated with occupational QOL among women at this period of life are lacking. The authors' purpose in this study was to evaluate factors affecting occupational QOL in a sample of employed mid-life women who are experiencing menopause...
April 18, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Piotr Mariusz Pieczywek, Małgorzata Nowacka, Magdalena Dadan, Artur Wiktor, Katarzyna Rybak, Dorota Witrowa-Rajchert, Artur Zdunek
The dynamic laser speckle (biospeckle) method was tested as a potential tool for the assessment and monitoring of the maturity stage of tomatoes. Two tomato cultivars—Admiro and Starbuck—were tested. The process of climacteric maturation of tomatoes was monitored during a shelf life storage experiment. The biospeckle phenomena were captured using 640 nm and 830 nm laser light wavelength, and analysed using two activity descriptors based on biospeckle pattern decorrelation—C4 and ε...
April 4, 2018: Sensors
Ana Campuzano, Cristina M Rosell, Fabiola Cornejo
Banana flour has been recognized as functional ingredient, owing to its healthy nutritional pattern. Nevertheless, unripe and ripe banana flours show different characteristics and scarce information is available about changes undergone during banana ripening. This study evaluates the changes on physiochemical (chemical composition, hydration properties, rheological properties and structural characteristic) and nutritional (resistant starch content, phenolic compound and antioxidant activity) characteristics of banana flour at the initial four ripening stages...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
José M Palma, Carmelo Ruiz, Francisco J Corpas
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved many physiological plant processes, including germination, growth and development of roots, flower setting and development, senescence, and fruit ripening. In the latter physiological process, NO has been reported to play an opposite role to ethylene. Thus, treatment of fruits with NO may lead to delay ripening independently of whether they are climacteric or nonclimacteric. In many cases different methods have been reported to apply NO to plant systems involving sodium nitroprusside, NONOates, DETANO, or GSNO to investigate physiological and molecular consequences...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Andrea Crespo-Castrillo, Natalia Yanguas-Casás, Maria Angeles Arevalo, Iñigo Azcoitia, George E Barreto, Luis M Garcia-Segura
Previous studies have shown that estradiol reduces reactive gliosis after a stab wound injury in the cerebral cortex. Since the therapeutic use of estradiol is limited by its peripheral hormonal effects, it is of interest to determine whether synthetic estrogenic compounds with tissue-specific actions regulate reactive gliosis. Tibolone is a synthetic steroid that is widely used for the treatment of climacteric symptoms and/or the prevention of osteoporosis. In this study, we have assessed the effect of tibolone on reactive gliosis in the cerebral cortex after a stab wound brain injury in ovariectomized adult female mice...
March 26, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Zhong Zhang, Jian Huang, Xingang Li
The fruit of Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is immensely popular worldwide, while its fleshy fruit has a very short shelf life and suffers serious postharvest damage. The fruit has been controversially classified as non-climacteric, though the mechanisms underlying its ripening behavior, particularly the role of ethylene, have remained unclear. In this study, low and stable ethylene production was detected during ripening of Z. jujuba 'Dongzao' fruit, with production increasing at the full maturity stage...
May 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Mónika Valdenegro, Camila Huidobro, Liliam Monsalve, Maricarmen Bernales, Lida Fuentes, Ricardo Simpson
BACKGROUND: Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a non-climacteric fruit susceptible to chilling injury (CI) at temperatures below 5 °C. To understand the influences of ethylene and modified atmosphere on CI physiological disorders of pomegranate, exogenous ethrel (0.5, 1 and 1.5 µg L-1 ) treatments, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) (1 µL L-1 ) exposure, packaging in a modified atmosphere (MAP) (XTend™ bags; StePac, São Paulo, Brazil), a MAP/1-MCP combination, and packaging in macro-perforated bags (MPB) were applied...
March 24, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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