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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216378/melonet-db-a-grand-rna-seq-gene-expression-atlas-in-melon-cucumis-melo-l
#1
Ryoichi Yano, Satoko Nonaka, Hiroshi Ezura
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is an important Cucurbitaceae crop produced world-wide, exhibiting wide genetic variations and comprising both climacteric and non-climacteric fruit types. The muskmelon cultivar "Earl's favorite Harukei-3 (Harukei-3)" known for its sweetness and rich aroma is used for breeding of high-grade muskmelon in Japan. We conducted RNA-seq transcriptome studies in 30 different tissues of the 'Harukei-3' melon. These included root, stems, leaves, flowers, regenerating callus, and ovaries, in addition to the flesh and peel sampled at 7 stages of fruit development...
December 4, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215944/feronia-fer-like-receptor-kinases-integrate-and-modulate-multiple-signaling-pathways-in-fruit-development-and-ripening
#2
Bingbing Li, Jiaqi Yan, Wensuo Jia
Ripening of fleshy fruits is a complex process that involves dramatic changes in color, texture, flavor, and aroma, which is essentially regulated by multiple hormone signals. Although the metabolic mechanisms for the regulation of fruit development and ripening have been studied extensively, little is known about the signaling mechanisms underlying this process. FERONIA has been increasingly suggested to be implicated in multiple signaling pathways. In a recent publication, we showed that a FERONIA/FER -like receptor kinase, FaMRLK47, playes an important role in the regulation of fruit ripening in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa, a typical non-climacteric fruit) fruit...
December 7, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214925/combined-exercise-training-reduces-climacteric-symptoms-without-the-additive-effects-of-isoflavone-supplementation-a-clinical-controlled-randomised-double-blind-study
#3
Juliene G Costa, Jéssica S Giolo, Igor M Mariano, Jaqueline P Batista, Ana Luiza A Ribeiro, Tállita Cristina F Souza, Erick P de Oliveira, Ana Paula M Resende, Guilherme M Puga
BACKGROUND: Exercise and supplementation with isoflavones are therapies used to prevent and treat climacteric symptoms. AIM: To verify the effects of 10 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance training and isoflavone supplementation on climacteric symptoms in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 32 postmenopausal women, aged 54.4 ± 5.4 years, with a body mass index of 26...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186495/sugar-metabolism-reprogramming-in-a-non-climacteric-bud-mutant-of-a-climacteric-plum-fruit-during-development-on-the-tree
#4
Macarena Farcuh, Bosheng Li, Rosa M Rivero, Lyudmila Shlizerman, Avi Sadka, Eduardo Blumwald
We investigated sugar metabolism in leaves and fruits of two Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cultivars, the climacteric Santa Rosa and its bud sport mutant the non-climacteric Sweet Miriam, during development on the tree. We previously characterized differences between the two cultivars. Here, we identified key sugar metabolic pathways. Pearson coefficient correlations of metabolomics and transcriptomic data and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) of RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data allowed the identification of 11 key sugar metabolism-associated genes: sucrose synthase, sucrose phosphate synthase, cytosolic invertase, vacuolar invertase, invertase inhibitor, α-galactosidase, β-galactosidase, galactokinase, trehalase, galactinol synthase, and raffinose synthase...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185464/ripening-induced-chemical-modifications-of-papaya-pectin-inhibit-cancer-cell-proliferation
#5
Samira Bernardino Ramos do Prado, Gabrielle Fernandez Ferreira, Yosuke Harazono, Tânia Misuzu Shiga, Avraham Raz, Nicholas C Carpita, João Paulo Fabi
Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is a fleshy fruit with a rapid pulp softening during ripening. Ripening events are accompanied by gradual depolymerization of pectic polysaccharides, including homogalacturonans, rhamnogalacturonans, arabinogalactans, and their modified forms. During intermediate phases of papaya ripening, partial depolymerization of pectin to small size with decreased branching had enhanced pectin anti-cancer properties. These properties were lost with continued decomposition at later phases of ripening...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179241/mandibular-inferior-cortex-erosion-on-dental-panoramic-radiograph-as-a-sign-of-low-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women
#6
Juliana Zigart Brum Carmo, Sebastião Freitas de Medeiros
Objective To examine the role of the panoramic mandibular radiograph in the diagnosis of low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. Methods A cross-sectional study including volunteer women aged over 40 years in amenorrhea due to ovarian failure for at least 12 months, who were cared for at the climacteric outpatient clinic of a university hospital in the city of Cuiabá, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The panoramic radiographs were evaluated using a specific software. Two aspects were analyzed in the mandibular panoramic radiograph: a qualitative aspect regarding the shape of the mandibular cortical bone, and a quantitative aspect regarding the width of the mandibular cortical bone...
November 27, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166799/awareness-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-medical-care-personnel-in-jiaxing-china-a-questionnaire-survey
#7
Lihong Gao, Xiaojie Wu, Xia Liu, Qinglan Pu, Meiguang Zhang, Yingru Cai, Lizhong Wang, Wei Zhao, Jiming Chen
This study was aimed to investigate the attitudes and knowledge of medical personnel on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in treating perimenopausal syndrome. A total of 2580 self-administered questionnaire forms were sent to medical care professionals and the responses collected were anonymous. The questionnaire included information on levels of awareness, benefits, and potential risks of HRT. A total of 2158 questionnaire forms were filled and used for statistical analysis; 61.4% of gynecologists believed that it was necessary to conduct HRT in suitable patients, 89...
November 22, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156930/-benefits-of-soy-in-women-s-health
#8
Carmen Martín Salinas, Ana M López-Sobaler
A great interest has been developed last decades on the role of phytoestrogens as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy. In fact, numerous studies have shown the effects of soy isoflavones on climacteric symptomatology by significantly reducing the frequency and intensity of hot flashes, as well on cardiovascular health. The aim of this paper was to review the last studies, mainly randomized controlled trials, on the effect of isoflavones on climacteric symptoms and their impact on women's quality of life, as well as on other health markers...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148054/transcriptome-analysis-unravels-an-ethylene-response-factor-involved-in-regulating-fruit-ripening-in-pear
#9
Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Hai-Yan Cheng, Ya-Qi Ke, Kai-Jie Qi, Chao Gu, Shao-Ling Zhang
Ethylene response factor (ERF) has been widely studied in regulating fruit ripening in tomato, apple, banana and kiwifruit, but little is known in pear. In this study 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment, an inhibitor of ethylene perception, was conducted at approximately 30 days before harvest to delay fruit ripening in a climacteric white pear cultivar Yali. Transcriptome libraries were constructed and sequenced in pre-ripening, ripening, and 1-MCP treated fruits. Data analysis showed that 73 candidate genes related to fruit ripening were induced by 1-MCP, among which two were positively related, namely 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxyla oxidase and an ERF gene (designated as ACO54 and ERF24)...
November 16, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147956/endogenous-sex-hormones-and-memory-performance-in-middle-aged-greek-women-with-subjective-memory-complaints
#10
Eleni Armeni, Michail Apostolakis, Foteini Christidi, Demetrios Rizos, George Kaparos, Konstantinos Panoulis, Areti Augoulea, Andreas Alexandrou, Evangelia Karopoulou, Ioannis Zalonis, Nikolaos Triantafyllou, Irene Lambrinoudaki
The changing hormonal milieu during the menopausal transition may contribute to the development of memory disorders. We aimed to assess the association of sex hormones with memory function in a sample of Greek middle-aged women. This pilot study included 44 women with subjective memory complaints. Memory performance was evaluated using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT), the Brief Visuospatial Memory test (BVMT), and the verbal digits backwards test (VSPAN), to assess verbal, visuospatial, and working memory performance, respectively...
November 16, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121892/correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-late-middle-aged-taiwanese-women-findings-from-the-2009-taiwan-national-health-interview-survey
#11
Kun-Wei Tsai, Shih-Chun Lin, Malcolm Koo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that depressive symptoms in middle-aged women were associated with a number of factors such as climacteric symptoms. Nevertheless, studies based on population-based data with a wide range of potential correlates are still scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlates of depressive symptoms in late middle-aged Taiwanese women using data from a nationally-representative, population-based survey. METHODS: Women aged 50...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120800/abscisic-acid-stimulates-anthocyanin-accumulation-in-jersey-highbush-blueberry-fruits-during-ripening
#12
Hee Duk Oh, Duk Jun Yu, Sun Woo Chung, Sinath Chea, Hee Jae Lee
Non-climacteric blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) fruits accumulate high levels of anthocyanins during ripening, which are a good source of dietary antioxidants. This study examined the effects of exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) application on fruit characteristics and anthocyanin accumulation in a northern highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum 'Jersey') during development. Fruits on shrubs were treated with 1gL-1 ABA before the initiation of fruit colouration. Application of ABA temporarily increased the level of ABA in the fruits during development...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115918/xths-from-fragaria-vesca-genomic-structure-and-transcriptomic-analysis-in-ripening-fruit-and-other-tissues
#13
María Cecilia Opazo, Rodrigo Lizana, Yazmina Stappung, Thomas M Davis, Raúl Herrera, María Alejandra Moya-León
BACKGROUND: Fragaria vesca or 'woodland strawberry' has emerged as an attractive model for the study of ripening of non-climacteric fruit. It has several advantages, such as its small genome and its diploidy. The recent availability of the complete sequence of its genome opens the possibility for further analysis and its use as a reference species. Fruit softening is a physiological event and involves many biochemical changes that take place at the final stages of fruit development; among them, the remodeling of cell walls by the action of a set of enzymes...
November 7, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112595/risk-factors-associated-with-intensity-of-climacteric-symptoms-in-brazilian-middle-aged-women-a-population-based-household-survey
#14
Jeffrey Frederico Lui-Filho, Adriana Orcesi Pedro, Luiz Francisco Baccaro, Lucia Costa-Paiva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with the intensity of climacteric somatovegetative, psychological, and urogenital symptoms among middle-aged women in the Metropolitan Region of Campinas, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based household survey was conducted with 749 women aged 45 to 60 years. The dependent variable was the intensity of menopausal symptoms assessed using the Menopause Rating Scale. The independent variables were sociodemographic data, health-related habits and problems, self-perception of health, and gynecological background...
November 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111860/identification-of-the-gender-specific-health-needs-of-women-following-lung-transplantation
#15
Emily E Robertson, Robin J Bell, Penelope J Robinson, Greg Snell, Bronwyn Levvey, Helen M Whitford, Jane Harris, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the prevalence and severity of menstrual dysfunction, climacteric symptoms, pelvic floor disorders, sexual problems, and psychological wellbeing after lung transplantation in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult female lung transplant recipients, attending the Alfred Hospital Lung Transplant Service in Melbourne, Australia participated in a women's health, cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. RESULTS: The 123 of 149 potential participants were recruited between September 2014 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080186/polyamine-metabolism-in-climacteric-and-non-climacteric-fruit-ripening
#16
Ana Margarida Fortes, Patricia Agudelo-Romero
Polyamines are small aliphatic amines that are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. These growth regulators have been implicated in abiotic and biotic stresses as well as plant development and morphogenesis. Several studies have also suggested a key role of polyamines during fruit set and early development. Polyamines have also been linked to fruit ripening and in the regulation of fruit quality-related traits.Recent studies indicate that during ripening of both climacteric and non-climacteric fruits, a decline in total polyamine contents is observed together with an increased catabolism of these growth regulators...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076687/symptoms-of-menopause-in-peri-and-postmenopausal-women-and-their-attitude-towards-them
#17
Kausar Inayat, Nargis Danish, Lubna Hassan
BACKGROUND: The climacteric or perimenopause is the transitional phase during which reproductive function ceases. The average age of the menopause is 51.4 years with a duration of two years. Symptomatology include: vasomotor, psychological, urogenital/sexual, skin, menstrual irregularities and others. The objective was to study the attitude of these women towards menopause. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 500 women were included. RESULTS: Palpitations and headaches were found in 30% and 32% respectively in perimenopausal women compared to 16% and 20% in postmenopausal women...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075273/the-peach-rgf-glv-signaling-peptide-pctg134-is-involved-in-a-regulatory-circuit-that-sustains-auxin-and-ethylene-actions
#18
Nicola Busatto, Umberto Salvagnin, Francesca Resentini, Silvia Quaresimin, Lorella Navazio, Oriano Marin, Maria Pellegrini, Fabrizio Costa, Dale F Mierke, Livio Trainotti
In vascular plants the cell-to-cell interactions coordinating morphogenetic and physiological processes are mediated, among others, by the action of hormones, among which also short mobile peptides were recognized to have roles as signals. Such peptide hormones (PHs) are involved in defense responses, shoot and root growth, meristem homeostasis, organ abscission, nutrient signaling, hormone crosstalk and other developmental processes and act as both short and long distant ligands. In this work, the function of CTG134, a peach gene encoding a ROOT GROWTH FACTOR/GOLVEN-like PH expressed in mesocarp at the onset of ripening, was investigated for its role in mediating an auxin-ethylene crosstalk...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069110/vortioxetine-for-major-depressive-disorder-vasomotor-and-cognitive-symptoms-associated-with-the-menopausal-transition
#19
Marlene P Freeman, Laura J Cheng, Danna Moustafa, Abigail Davies, Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Betty Wang, Laura F Petrillo, Charlotte Hogan, Lee S Cohen
BACKGROUND: In a preliminary trial, we assessed the efficacy of vortioxetine for major depressive disorder (MDD) during the menopausal transition. Secondary outcomes included hot flashes (HFs), anxiety, and cognitive complaints. METHODS: Perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women with MDD (N = 27) received 8 weeks of open-label, flexible-dose treatment with vortioxetine. The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) was the primary outcome measure. Secondary measures included: HF frequency, the Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS), Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MEN-QOL), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Cognitive and Physical Functioning Questionnaire (CPFQ), Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), and Cogstate testing...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044352/-sulphurous-vaginal-douching-and-vulvovaginal-atrophy
#20
M Costantino, V Conti, M B Marongiu, G Napolano, A Filippelli
OBJECTIVE: During climacteric the reduction or interruption of estrogenic stimulus determines a gradual atrophy of the tissues of the urogenital tract.Vulvovaginal atrophy can be cause of dryness, itch, burning, and dyspareunia. Vulvovaginal atrophy is associated also with depression. Hence the importance of an appropriate treatment of the vulvovaginal atrophy. Between therapeutic options we can add, particularly for women who suffer only from vaginal symptoms, the spa therapy that uses mineral waters with benefic effects on vaginal tissue wellness and health...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
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