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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888106/long-non-coding-rna-neat1-facilitates-pancreatic-cancer-progression-through-negative-modulation-of-mir-506-3p
#1
Bo Huang, Chuan Liu, Qiong Wu, Jing Zhang, Qinghua Min, Tianle Sheng, Xiaozhong Wang, Yeqing Zou
Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in tumourigenesis. Increasing evidence has suggested that lncRNA NEAT1 has been implicated in various types of human cancer. However, the potential biological roles and regulatory mechanisms of NEAT1 in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unclear. Here, we found that the expression level of NEAT1 was higher in PC tissues compared to the corresponding non-tumor tissues. Besides, our findings indicate that high NEAT1 expression level is closely correlated with tumor progression and poor survival in PC patients...
November 22, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878295/silencing-of-the-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-suppresses-glioma-stem-like-properties-through-modulation-of-the-mir-107-cdk6-pathway
#2
Xiaoli Yang, Zheng Xiao, Xiaowei Du, Lina Huang, Ganqin Du
Developing novel strategies against glioma remains a significant challenge. Long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) significantly contributes to the progression of many human cancers, while glioma stem cells (GSCs) are believed to be responsible for tumor progression. However, whether NEAT1 alters the stem-like properties of GSC cells remains unknown. Using microbeads, CD133+ cells were isolated and were found to possess glioma stem cell properties. Using siRNA, NEAT1 was knocked down in the sorted CD133+ U87 glioma cells...
November 22, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857134/germline-encoded-neutralization-of-a-staphylococcus-aureus-virulence-factor-by-the-human-antibody-repertoire
#3
Yik Andy Yeung, Davide Foletti, Xiaodi Deng, Yasmina Abdiche, Pavel Strop, Jacob Glanville, Steven Pitts, Kevin Lindquist, Purnima D Sundar, Marina Sirota, Adela Hasa-Moreno, Amber Pham, Jody Melton Witt, Irene Ni, Jaume Pons, David Shelton, Arvind Rajpal, Javier Chaparro-Riggers
Staphylococcus aureus is both an important pathogen and a human commensal. To explore this ambivalent relationship between host and microbe, we analysed the memory humoral response against IsdB, a protein involved in iron acquisition, in four healthy donors. Here we show that in all donors a heavily biased use of two immunoglobulin heavy chain germlines generated high affinity (pM) antibodies that neutralize the two IsdB NEAT domains, IGHV4-39 for NEAT1 and IGHV1-69 for NEAT2. In contrast to the typical antibody/antigen interactions, the binding is primarily driven by the germline-encoded hydrophobic CDRH-2 motifs of IGHV1-69 and IGHV4-39, with a binding mechanism nearly identical for each antibody derived from different donors...
November 18, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822425/neat1-regulates-pancreatic-cancer-cell-growth-invasion-and-migration-though-mircrorna-335-5p-c-met-axis
#4
Jia Cao, Yi Zhang, Jiachun Yang, Sijia He, Mingming Li, Shiyan Yan, Ying Chen, Chunying Qu, Leiming Xu
NEAT1 has been reported to affect cancer progression, which was subsequently confirmed in multiple cancers. Hsa-miRNA-335-5p (miR-335-5p) has recently been identified as an anticancer agent in various organs. However, the relationship between NEAT1 and miR-335-5p remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of NEAT1 and miR-335-5p on development of pancreatic cancer. The ectopic expression of miR-335-5p in pancreatic cancer cell lines significantly suppressed cell growth by inhibiting c-met...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814882/commentary-on-the-oestrogen-receptor-alpha-regulated-lncrna-neat1-is-a-critical-modulator-of-prostate-cancer-chakravarty-d-sboner-a-nair-ss-giannopoulou-e-li-r-hennig-s-mosquera-jm-pauwels-j-park-k-kossai-m-macdonald-ty-fontugne-j-erho-n-vergara-ia-ghadessi
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801298/dysregulation-of-mitotic-machinery-genes-precedes-genome-instability-during-spontaneous-pre-malignant-transformation-of-mouse-ovarian-surface-epithelial-cells
#6
Ulises Urzúa, Sandra Ampuero, Katherine F Roby, Garrison A Owens, David J Munroe
BACKGROUND: Based in epidemiological evidence, repetitive ovulation has been proposed to play a role in the origin of ovarian cancer by inducing an aberrant wound rupture-repair process of the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). Accordingly, long term cultures of isolated OSE cells undergo in vitro spontaneous transformation thus developing tumorigenic capacity upon extensive subcultivation. In this work, C57BL/6 mouse OSE (MOSE) cells were cultured up to passage 28 and their RNA and DNA copy number profiles obtained at passages 2, 5, 7, 10, 14, 18, 23, 25 and 28 by means of DNA microarrays...
October 25, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783096/neat1-modulates-herpes-simplex-virus-1-replication-by-regulating-viral-gene-transcription
#7
Ziqiang Wang, Ping Fan, Yiwan Zhao, Shikuan Zhang, Jinhua Lu, Weidong Xie, Yuyang Jiang, Fan Lei, Naihan Xu, Yaou Zhang
Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is the crucial structural platform of paraspeckles, which is one type of nuclear bodies. As a stress-induced lncRNA, the expression of NEAT1 increases in response to viral infection, but little is known about the role of NEAT1 or paraspeckles in the replication of herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Here, we demonstrate that HSV-1 infection increases NEAT1 expression and paraspeckle formation in a STAT3-dependent manner. NEAT1 and other paraspeckle protein components, P54nrb and PSPC1, can associate with HSV-1 genomic DNA...
October 25, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774948/-alterations-and-clinical-signifecance-of-exosome-containing-innate-immunity-related-lncrnas-in-patients-of-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome
#8
Xuyang Zheng, Chuantao Ye, Jieru Zhao, Peiyu Bian, Ying Zhang, Zhansheng Jia
Objective To observe the alterations of innate immunity related long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in exosomes extracted from the plasma of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) patients, and analyze their relationship with the disease stage and severity. Methods Exosomes were extracted from the plasma samples of HFRS patients, healthy controls and recovered HFRS patients. Transmission electronic microscopy and Western blotting were performed to confirm the efficiency of the extraction. lncRNA profiles in the different groups were determined by high-throughput sequencing...
November 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700225/neat1-containing-paraspeckles-central-hubs-in-stress-response-and-tumor-formation
#9
Carmen Adriaens, Jean-Christophe Marine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665741/paraspeckles-modulate-the-intranuclear-distribution-of-paraspeckle-associated-ctn-rna
#10
Aparna Anantharaman, Mahdieh Jadaliha, Vidisha Tripathi, Shinichi Nakagawa, Tetsuro Hirose, Michael F Jantsch, Supriya G Prasanth, Kannanganattu V Prasanth
Paraspeckles are sub-nuclear domains that are nucleated by long noncoding RNA Neat1. While interaction of protein components of paraspeckles and Neat1 is understood, there is limited information on the interaction of non-structural RNA components with paraspeckles. Here, by varying paraspeckle number and size, we investigate how paraspeckles influence the nuclear organization of their non-structural RNA component Ctn RNA. Our results show that Ctn RNA remains nuclear-retained in the absence of intact paraspeckles, suggesting that they do not regulate nuclear retention of Ctn RNA...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664948/overexpression-of-long-noncoding-rna-neat1-promotes-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-in-endometrial-endometrioid-adenocarcinoma
#11
Zhiguo Li, Dianjun Wei, Chao Yang, Honggang Sun, Tao Lu, Defeng Kuang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important modulators in the biological processes and tumorigenesis. However, whether lncRNAs are involved in endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC) remains unclear. In the present study, we explored the expression pattern, clinical significance and biological function of nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) in EEC. The expression levels of NEAT1 were elevated in EEC tissues and cell lines, and higher expression levels of NEAT1 were positively correlated with FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis...
September 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646274/structural-super-resolution-microscopy-analysis-of-paraspeckle-nuclear-body-organization
#12
Jason A West, Mari Mito, Satoshi Kurosaka, Toru Takumi, Chiharu Tanegashima, Takeshi Chujo, Kaori Yanaka, Robert E Kingston, Tetsuro Hirose, Charles Bond, Archa Fox, Shinichi Nakagawa
Paraspeckles are nuclear bodies built on the long noncoding RNA Neat1, which regulates a variety of physiological processes including cancer progression and corpus luteum formation. To obtain further insight into the molecular basis of the function of paraspeckles, we performed fine structural analyses of these nuclear bodies using structural illumination microscopy. Notably, paraspeckle proteins are found within different layers along the radially arranged bundles of Neat1 transcripts, forming a characteristic core-shell spheroidal structure...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646270/shedding-light-on-paraspeckle-structure-by-super-resolution-microscopy
#13
Shi-Bin Hu, Run-Wen Yao, Ling-Ling Chen
The nuclear body paraspeckle is built on the lncRNA Neat1 and plays important roles in gene regulation. In this issue, West et al. (2016. J. Cell Biol http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201601071) use super-resolution structured illumination microscopy to show that paraspeckles are organized in a core-shell spheroidal structure composed of Neat1 and seven proteins.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633334/long-non-coding-rna-expression-profile-in-vulvar-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#14
Sha Ni, Xiaoyu Zhao, Ling Ouyang
Researchers have recently demonstrated the key role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in regulating embryogenesis and gene expression. However, the exact mechanism used by lncRNAs in carcinogenesis is still unclear. In particular, studies regarding the role of lncRNAs in vulvar squamous cell carcinomas (VSCCs) are limited. Using microarray analysis, the genome-wide expression profile of lncRNAs was investigated in four paired VSCCs and adjacent normal vulvar tissues. Accordingly, several novel lncRNA candidates (HOAIR, MALAT1, MEG3, NEAT1, MIR31HG and LINC00478) were chosen for further study and real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was used to confirm the expression levels among 35 tissue samples...
September 8, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608895/clinical-significance-of-up-regulated-lncrna-neat1-in-prognosis-of-ovarian-cancer
#15
Z-J Chen, Z Zhang, B-B Xie, H-Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the expression levels of lncRNA NEAT1 in fresh ovarian cancer (OC) tissue and matched adjacent normal tissue specimens, and investigate the clinical significance of NEAT1 in OC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NEAT1 levels in OC tissues and matched adjacent normal tissue specimens were tested by qRT-PCR. Then, statistical analysis was performed to explore the associations of NEAT1 expression with the clinical features and the prognosis of OC...
August 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556696/knockdown-of-neat1-restrained-the-malignant-progression-of-glioma-stem-cells-by-activating-microrna-let-7e
#16
Wei Gong, Jian Zheng, Xiaobai Liu, Jun Ma, Yunhui Liu, Yixue Xue
Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long non-coding RNA, promotes oncogenesis in various tumors, including human gliomas. Herein, we studied the expression and function of NEAT1 in glioma stem cells (GSCs). Quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated that NEAT1 was upregulated in GSCs. NEAT1 knockdown inhibited GSC cell proliferation, migration and invasion and promoted GSC apoptosis. A potential binding region between NEAT1 and microRNA let-7e was confirmed by dual-luciferase assays. Upregulation of NEAT1 reduced the expression of let-7e, and there was reciprocal repression between NEAT1 and let-7e in an Argonaute 2-dependent manner...
August 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556296/dysregulation-of-the-brca1-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-signaling-axis-contributes-to-breast-tumorigenesis
#17
Pang-Kuo Lo, Yongshu Zhang, Benjamin Wolfson, Ramkishore Gernapudi, Yuan Yao, Nadire Duru, Qun Zhou
Dysregulation of long non-codng RNA (lncRNA) expression has been found to contribute to tumorigenesis. However, the roles of lncRNAs in BRCA1-related breast cancer remain largely unknown. In this study, we delineate the role of the novel BRCA1/lncRNA NEAT1 signaling axis in breast tumorigenesis. BRCA1 inhibits NEAT1 expression potentially through binding to its genomic binding site upstream of the NEAT1 gene. BRCA1 deficiency in human normal/cancerous breast cells and mouse mammary glands leads to NEAT1 overexpression...
August 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514584/runx1-contributes-to-higher-order-chromatin-organization-and-gene-regulation-in-breast-cancer-cells
#18
A Rasim Barutcu, Deli Hong, Bryan R Lajoie, Rachel Patton McCord, Andre J van Wijnen, Jane B Lian, Janet L Stein, Job Dekker, Anthony N Imbalzano, Gary S Stein
RUNX1 is a transcription factor functioning both as an oncogene and a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. RUNX1 alters chromatin structure in cooperation with chromatin modifier and remodeling enzymes. In this study, we examined the relationship between RUNX1-mediated transcription and genome organization. We characterized genome-wide RUNX1 localization and performed RNA-seq and Hi-C in RUNX1-depleted and control MCF-7 breast cancer cells. RNA-seq analysis showed that RUNX1 depletion led to up-regulation of genes associated with chromatin structure and down-regulation of genes related to extracellular matrix biology, as well as NEAT1 and MALAT1 lncRNAs...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446393/overexpression-of-lncrna-neat1-mitigates-multidrug-resistance-by-inhibiting-abcg2-in-leukemia
#19
Caihua Gao, Jianying Zhang, Qingyan Wang, Chunhua Ren
Leukemia is a heterogeneous clonal disorder in which early hematopoietic cells fail to differentiate and do not undergo programmed cell death or apoptosis. Less than one-third of adult patients with leukemia are managed using current therapies due to the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR), emphasizing the need for newer and more robust approaches. Recent reports have suggested that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to selective gene expression and, hence, could be manipulated effectively to halt the progression of cancer...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441387/circadian-rna-expression-elicited-by-3-utr-iralu-paraspeckle-associated-elements
#20
Manon Torres, Denis Becquet, Marie-Pierre Blanchard, Séverine Guillen, Bénédicte Boyer, Mathias Moreno, Jean-Louis Franc, Anne-Marie François-Bellan
Paraspeckles are nuclear bodies form around the long non-coding RNA, Neat1, and RNA-binding proteins. While their role is not fully understood, they are believed to control gene expression at a post-transcriptional level by means of the nuclear retention of mRNA containing in their 3'-UTR inverted repeats of Alu sequences (IRAlu). In this study, we found that, in pituitary cells, all components of paraspeckles including four major proteins and Neat1 displayed a circadian expression pattern. Furthermore the insertion of IRAlu at the 3'-UTR of the EGFP cDNA led to a rhythmic circadian nuclear retention of the egfp mRNA that was lost when paraspeckles were disrupted whereas insertion of a single antisense Alu had only a weak effect...
2016: ELife
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