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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821056/fabrication-of-salecan-poly-amps-co-hmaa-semi-ipn-hydrogels-for-cell-adhesion
#1
Xinyu Hu, Yongmei Wang, Liangliang Zhang, Man Xu, Wei Dong, Jianfa Zhang
Salecan is a novel water-soluble extracellular β-glucan and has excellent physicochemical and biological properties. A series of hydrogels were fabricated from Salecan and poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid-co-N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide) (poly(AMPS-co-HMAA), PAH) by semi-IPN technique. The introduction of Salecan into the PAH network endows the system with enhanced cell adhesion properties. These semi-IPN hydrogels with open interconnected pores had pH and salt-sensitive swelling behavior. The increase in the content of hydrophilic Salecan could enhance the water uptake of the hydrogels...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818757/expression-of-a-na-h-antiporter-rtnhx1-from-a-recretohalophyte-reaumuria-trigyna-improved-salt-tolerance-of-transgenic-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Ningning Li, Xue Wang, Binjie Ma, Chao Du, Linlin Zheng, Yingchun Wang
Reaumuria trigyna is an endangered recretohalophyte and a small xeric shrub that is endemic to the eastern Alxa and western Ordos areas of Inner Mongolia, China. Using transcriptome data, we identified a 1662-bp open reading frame encoding a 553-amino-acid protein corresponding to a Na(+)/H(+) antiporter (RtNHX1) from R. trigyna. RtNHX1 was rapidly up-regulated by NaCl and exogenous abscisic acid treatment and had different tissue-specific expression patterns before and after salt-stress treatment. Overexpression of RtNHX1 enhanced seed germination, biomass accumulation, chlorophyll content, and root elongation in transgenic Arabidopsis plants under salt stress and rescued the salt-sensitive deficiencies of the nhx1 mutant...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814265/a-genome-wide-transcriptome-map-of-pistachio-pistacia-vera-l-provides-novel-insights-into-salinity-related-genes-and-marker-discovery
#3
Maryam Moazzzam Jazi, Seyed Mahdi Seyedi, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Mansour Ebrahimi, Gianluca De Moro, Christopher Botanga
BACKGROUND: Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) is one of the most important commercial nut crops worldwide. It is a salt-tolerant and long-lived tree, with the largest cultivation area in Iran. Climate change and subsequent increased soil salt content have adversely affected the pistachio yield in recent years. However, the lack of genomic/global transcriptomic sequences on P. vera impedes comprehensive researches at the molecular level. Hence, whole transcriptome sequencing is required to gain insight into functional genes and pathways in response to salt stress...
August 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813008/dietary-fructose-enhances-the-ability-of-low-concentrations-of-angiotensin-ii-to-stimulate-proximal-tubule-na%C3%A2-%C2%BA-reabsorption
#4
Agustin Gonzalez-Vicente, Pablo D Cabral, Nancy J Hong, Jessica Asirwatham, Nianxin Yang, Jessica M Berthiaume, Fernando P Dominici, Jeffrey L Garvin
Fructose-enriched diets cause salt-sensitive hypertension. Proximal tubules (PTs) reabsorb 70% of the water and salt filtered through the glomerulus. Angiotensin II (Ang II) regulates this process. Normally, dietary salt reduces Ang II allowing the kidney to excrete more salt, thereby preventing hypertension. We hypothesized that fructose-enriched diets enhance the ability of low concentrations of Ang II to stimulate PT transport. We measured the effects of a low concentration of Ang II (10(-12) mol/L) on transport-related oxygen consumption (QO₂), and Na/K-ATPase and Na/H-exchange (NHE) activities and expression in PTs from rats consuming tap water (Control) or 20% fructose (FRUC)...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806927/mapping-of-a-major-qtl-for-salt-tolerance-of-mature-field-grown-maize-plants-based-on-snp-markers
#5
Meijie Luo, Yanxin Zhao, Ruyang Zhang, Jinfeng Xing, Minxiao Duan, Jingna Li, Naishun Wang, Wenguang Wang, Shasha Zhang, Zhihui Chen, Huasheng Zhang, Zi Shi, Wei Song, Jiuran Zhao
BACKGROUND: Salt stress significantly restricts plant growth and production. Maize is an important food and economic crop but is also a salt sensitive crop. Identification of the genetic architecture controlling salt tolerance facilitates breeders to select salt tolerant lines. However, the critical quantitative trait loci (QTLs) responsible for the salt tolerance of field-grown maize plants are still unknown. RESULTS: To map the main genetic factors contributing to salt tolerance in mature maize, a double haploid population (240 individuals) and 1317 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were employed to produce a genetic linkage map covering 1462...
August 15, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802637/blood-pressure-responses-to-dietary-sodium-association-with-autonomic-cardiovascular-function-in-normotensive-adults
#6
Evan L Matthews, Michael S Brian, David G Edwards, Sean D Stocker, Megan M Wenner, William B Farquhar
Blood pressure responses to dietary sodium vary widely person-to-person. Salt sensitive rodent models display altered autonomic function, a trait thought to contribute to poor cardiovascular health. Thus, we hypothesized that increased salt sensitivity (SS) in normotensive humans would be associated with increased muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), decreased high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), and decreased baroreflex sensitivity. Healthy normotensive men and women completed 1week of high (300mmol·day(-1)) and 1week of low (20mmol·day(-1)) dietary sodium (random order) with 24h mean arterial pressure (MAP) assessed on the last day of each diet to assess SS...
August 6, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801586/identification-of-mega-environments-and-rice-genotypes-for-general-and-specific-adaptation-to-saline-and-alkaline-stresses-in-india
#7
S L Krishnamurthy, P C Sharma, D K Sharma, K T Ravikiran, Y P Singh, V K Mishra, D Burman, B Maji, S Mandal, S K Sarangi, R K Gautam, P K Singh, K K Manohara, B C Marandi, G Padmavathi, P B Vanve, K D Patil, S Thirumeni, O P Verma, A H Khan, S Tiwari, S Geetha, M Shakila, R Gill, V K Yadav, S K B Roy, M Prakash, J Bonifacio, Abdelbagi Ismail, G B Gregorio, Rakesh Kumar Singh
In the present study, a total of 53 promising salt-tolerant genotypes were tested across 18 salt-affected diverse locations for three years. An attempt was made to identify ideal test locations and mega-environments using GGE biplot analysis. The CSSRI sodic environment was the most discriminating location in individual years as well as over the years and could be used to screen out unstable and salt-sensitive genotypes. Genotypes CSR36, CSR-2K-219, and CSR-2K-262 were found ideal across years. Overall, Genotypes CSR-2K-219, CSR-2K-262, and CSR-2K-242 were found superior and stable among all genotypes with higher mean yields...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782443/cerebral-a%C3%AE-40-and-systemic-hypertension
#8
Hannah M Tayler, Jennifer C Palmer, Taya L Thomas, Patrick G Kehoe, Julian Fr Paton, Seth Love
Mid-life hypertension and cerebral hypoperfusion may be preclinical abnormalities in people who later develop Alzheimer's disease. Although accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and is associated with upregulation of the vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 within the brain, it is unclear how this affects systemic arterial pressure. We have investigated whether infusion of Aβ40 into ventricular cerebrospinal fluid modulates blood pressure in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780627/primary-pediatric-hypertension-current-understanding-and-emerging-concepts
#9
REVIEW
Andrew C Tiu, Michael D Bishop, Laureano D Asico, Pedro A Jose, Van Anthony M Villar
The rising prevalence of primary pediatric hypertension and its tracking into adult hypertension point to the importance of determining its pathogenesis to gain insights into its current and emerging management. Considering that the intricate control of BP is governed by a myriad of anatomical, molecular biological, biochemical, and physiological systems, multiple genes are likely to influence an individual's BP and susceptibility to develop hypertension. The long-term regulation of BP rests on renal and non-renal mechanisms...
September 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772255/salt-responsive-physiological-photosynthetic-and-biochemical-attributes-at-early-seedling-stage-for-screening-soybean-genotypes
#10
D B Shelke, M Pandey, G C Nikalje, B N Zaware, P Suprasanna, T D Nikam
Salt stress affects all the stages of plant growth however seed germination and early seedling growth phases are more sensitive and can be used for screening of crop germplasm. In this study, we aimed to find the most effective indicators of salt tolerance for screening ten genotypes of soybean (SL-295, Gujosoya-2, PS-1042, PK-1029, ADT-1, RKS-18, KDS-344, MAUS-47, Bragg and PK-416). The principal component analysis (PCA) resulted in the formation of three different clusters, salt sensitive (SL-295, Gujosoya-2, PS-1042 and ADT-1), salt tolerant (MAUS-47, Bragg and PK-416) and moderately tolerant/sensitive (RKS-18, PK-1029 and KDS-344) suggesting that there was considerable genetic variability for salt tolerance in the soybean genotypes...
July 16, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760439/preventive-and-therapeutic-effect-of-brozopine-on-stroke-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-hypertensive-rats
#11
Yuan Gao, Yan Wang, Miao Li, Yali Liu, Junbiao Chang, Hailing Qiao
Our aim was to explore the preventive and therapeutic effects of sodium (±)-5-bromo-2-(α-hydroxypentyl) benzoate (brand name: brozopine, BZP) on stroke in Dahl Salt-sensitive (Dahl-SS) hypertensive rats. Dahl-SS rats were fed a high-salt diet to observe the effect of BZP on blood pressure, and brain, heart, and kidney tissues. Additionally, the incidence of stroke was recorded according to the neurological score. The relative mechanisms investigated included anti-oxidative effects and anti-platelet aggregation...
July 28, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754823/elevation-of-fumarase-attenuates-hypertension-and-can-result-from-a-nonsynonymous-sequence-variation-or-increased-expression-depending-on-rat-strain
#12
Kristie Usa, Yong Liu, Aron M Geurts, Yuan Cheng, Jozef Lazar, Maria Angeles Baker, Michael Grzybowski, Yongcheng He, Zhongmin Tian, Mingyu Liang
The activity of fumarase, an enzyme in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, is lower in Dahl salt-sensitive SS rats compared to SS.13(BN) rats. SS.13(BN) rats have a Brown Norway (BN) allele of fumarase and exhibit attenuated hypertension. The SS allele of fumarase differs from the BN allele by a K481E sequence variation. It remains unknown whether higher fumarase activities can attenuate hypertension and whether the mechanism is relevant in the absence of the K481E variation. We developed SS-TgFh1 transgenic rats over-expressing fumarase on the background of the SS rat...
July 28, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752658/controlling-hypertension-and-reducing-its-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-caribbean-implications-of-race-and-ethnicity
#13
Paige Colgrove, Kenneth L Connell, Daniel T Lackland, Pedro Ordunez, Donald J DiPette
Cardiovascular diseases and stroke, especially hypertension, represent a significant global disease burden for both morbidity and mortality, with a disproportionately higher impact in vulnerable low- to middle-income countries. International initiatives such as the Centers for Disease and Prevention and the Pan American Health Organization Standardized Hypertension Treatment Project have been developed to address this burden on the Caribbean and Latin America populations. The disparity in disease burden observed in low- to middle-income countries is explained, in part, by differences in disease risks for different racial and ethnic groups with high blood pressure more prevalent and hypertension-related morbidity significantly higher in men and women of African heritage...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749972/investigating-asymmetric-salt-profiles-for-nanopore-dna-sequencing-with-biological-porin-mspa
#14
Ian C Nova, Ian M Derrington, Jonathan M Craig, Matthew T Noakes, Benjamin I Tickman, Kenji Doering, Hugh Higinbotham, Andrew H Laszlo, Jens H Gundlach
Nanopore DNA sequencing is a promising single-molecule analysis technology. This technique relies on a DNA motor enzyme to control movement of DNA precisely through a nanopore. Specific experimental buffer conditions are required based on the preferred operating conditions of the DNA motor enzyme. While many DNA motor enzymes typically operate in salt concentrations under 100 mM, salt concentration simultaneously affects signal and noise magnitude as well as DNA capture rate in nanopore sequencing, limiting standard experimental conditions to salt concentrations greater than ~100 mM in order to maintain adequate resolution and experimental throughput...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744182/fine-mapping-of-qskc-1-a-major-quantitative-trait-locus-for-shoot-k-concentration-in-rice-seedlings-grown-under-salt-stress
#15
Wen Jing, Ping Deng, Chengjuan Cao, Wenhua Zhang
Shoot K(+) concentration (SKC) is an important physiological parameter used to evaluate salt tolerance at the seedling stage in rice (Oryza sativa L.). qSKC-1, a major quantitative trait locus for SKC in rice under salt stress, was detected on chromosome 1 using three F2 populations constructed by crossing 'Nipponbare' and its two salt-sensitive mutants (rss2 and rss4) with an indica cultivar 'Zhaiyeqing8' ('ZYQ8'). In this study, the chromosomal location of qSKC-1 was determined precisely by fine mapping. First, the presence of qSKC-1 was confirmed by QTL analysis of a re-constructed 'Nipponbare' × 'ZYQ8' F2 population...
June 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743496/wnk4-is-indispensable-for-the-pathogenesis-of-pseudohypoaldosteronism-type-ii-caused-by-mutant-klhl3
#16
Koichiro Susa, Eisei Sohara, Daiei Takahashi, Tomokazu Okado, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida
WNK-OSR1/SPAK-NCC signaling cascade is important for regulating salt balance and blood pressure. Activation of WNK-OSR1/SPAK-NaCl cotransporter (NCC) cascade increases sodium reabsorption in the kidney, leading to pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA II) characterized by salt-sensitive hypertension and hyperkalemia. It has been previously demonstrated that the amount of phosphorylated and total NCC markedly decreased in WNK4(-/-) mice, indicating that WNK4 plays a major role for activation of OSR1/SPAK-NCC signaling...
July 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741224/comparative-analysis-of-histone-modifications-and-dna-methylation-at-osbz8-locus-under-salinity-stress-in-ir64-and-nonabokra-rice-varieties
#17
Amit Paul, Pratiti Dasgupta, Dipan Roy, Shubho Chaudhuri
Rice being an important cereal crop is highly sensitive to salinity stress causing growth retardation and loss in productivity. However, certain rice genotypes like Nonabokra and Pokkali show a high level of tolerance towards salinity stress compared to IR64 variety. This differential response of tolerant varieties towards salinity stress may be a cumulative effect of genetic and epigenetic factors. In this study, we have compared the salinity-induced changes in chromatin modifications at the OsBZ8 locus in salt-tolerant Nonabokra and salt-sensitive IR64 rice varieties...
July 24, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737438/prenatal-exposure-to-angiotensin-ii-increases-blood-pressure-and-decreases-salt-sensitivity-in-rats
#18
Pavel Svitok, Tomas Senko, Zuzana Panakova, Lucia Olexova, Lucia Krskova, Monika Okuliarova, Michal Zeman
Renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an essential role in the homeostatic control of arterial blood pressure, perfusion of tissues, and control of extracellular fluid. Its components are highly expressed in the developing kidney, general vasculature, brain, and heart. A modified intrauterine environment alters mechanisms controlling blood pressure (BP) and can lead to hypertension in the adult offspring and developmentally programmed RAAS can be involved in this process. There are very little data about the effects of increased angiotensin II (Ang II) concentrations during pregnancy on in utero development of the fetus...
July 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733281/structural-and-mechanistic-insights-into-the-improvement-of-halotolerant-ability-of-a-marine-microbial-esterase-by-increasing-intra-and-inter-domain-hydrophobic-interactions
#19
Ping-Yi Li, Yi Zhang, Bin-Bin Xie, Yan-Qi Zhang, Jie Hao, Yue Wang, Peng Wang, Chun-Yang Li, Qi-Long Qin, Xi-Ying Zhang, Hai-Nan Su, Mei Shi, Yu-Zhong Zhang, Xiu-Lan Chen
Halotolerant enzymes are beneficial for industrial processes requiring high salts and low water activity. Most halophilic proteins are evolved to have reduced hydrophobic interactions on the surface and in the hydrophobic cores for their haloadaptation. However, in this study, we improved the halotolerance of a thermolablie esterase, E40, by increasing intra-protein hydrophobic interactions. E40 was quite unstable in buffers containing more than 0.3 M NaCl and its kcat and substrate affinity were both significantly reduced in 0...
July 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730828/the-effect-of-hypertension-on-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-young-adult-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-and-dahl-rats
#20
A Pistikova, H Brozka, M Bencze, D Radostova, K Vales, A Stuchlik
The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus is one of the few places in the brain where neurogenesis occurs in adulthood. Nowadays, an increasing number of children and young adults are affected by hypertension, one of the factors in the development of cerebrovascular diseases and age-related cognitive deficits. Since these cognitive deficits are often hippocampus-dependent, it is possible that hypertension exerts this effect via decreasing adult neurogenesis which has been shown to be essential for a range of cognitive tasks...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
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