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Laparoscopic gastric bypass

Adam B King, Matthew D Spann, Patrick Jablonski, Jonathan P Wanderer, Warren S Sandberg, Matthew D McEvoy
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently remain in the hospital after bariatric surgery due to pain, nausea, and inability to tolerate oral intake. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) concepts address these perioperative complications and therefore improve length of stay for bariatric surgery patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine if ERAS concepts increase the proportion of patients discharged on postoperative day 1. Secondary objectives included mean length of stay, perioperative opioid use, emergency department visits, and readmissions...
February 13, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Owaid M Almalki, Wei-Jei Lee, Keong Chong, Kong-Han Ser, Yi-Chih Lee, Shu-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: In recent years, gastric bypass surgery has been found to have therapeutic potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the difference between 2 bypass procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and another single anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB), is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences between SAGB and RYGB in the efficacy of T2D remission in obese patients. SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital...
April 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Jack P Silva, Yanjun Chen, Danh V Nguyen, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Contemporary mortality after bariatric surgery is low and has been decreasing over the past two decades. Most studies have reported inpatient or 30-day mortality, which may not represent the true risk of bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to examine 1-year mortality and factors predictive of 1-year mortality after contemporary laparoscopic bariatric surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2008-2012 Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database (BOLD), data from 158,606 operations were analyzed, including 128,349 (80...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Wesley F Kim, Thomas Sonnanstine
BACKGROUND: Despite effectively treating obesity and its comorbidities, only a fraction of the growing obese population is evaluated for bariatric surgery. Aside from barriers including resources and social support, patients report personal experience with friends and relatives suffering poor outcomes after bariatric surgery. Rates of mortality, leaks, and strictures have decreased over the past 20 years, but few instances of gross surgeon error have been reported in the literature. Our objective is to report and demonstrate the revision of a critically shortened Roux limb in a patient with chronic nausea and dysphagia found to have a 15-cm Roux limb and briefly discuss its implications...
March 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Abhilash Nali, Sheikh Mohammad Taha Mustafa, Vinod K Malik
INTRODUCTION: Ischemia of the tip of the alimentary limb involving the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) is an unusual complication during Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Revision of the GJ may be needed to manage this complication. OBJECTIVES: We present a case of inadvertent perforation of the jejunum by a gastric calibration tube, which was recognized on the table and appropriate measures are then taken. Repair of this enterotomy however then led to ischemia of the tip of alimentary limb extending to a portion of the GJ anastomosis...
March 13, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Ji Yeon Park, Yong Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) is the most common metric used after bariatric surgery. However, there has been consistent argument against its use since it varies significantly by initial body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to validate the newly suggested percentage of alterable weight loss (%AWL) metric in Korean patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of the prospectively established database at Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital identified 165 patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and had at least 2-year follow-up weight loss results after surgery...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Usha K Coblijn, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Christel A L de Raaff, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo bariatric surgery is multifactorial and made both by patient and doctor. Information is of the utmost importance for this decision. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bariatric surgery patient's preferences regarding information provision in bariatric surgery. SETTING: A teaching hospital, bariatric center of excellence in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: All patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy between September 2013 and September 2014 were approached by mail to participate...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Juan González, Alejandro García, Dennis Cesar Levano-Linares, Manuel Durán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Cirugía Española
Uri Kaplan, Scott Penner, Forough Farrokhyar, Nicole Andruszkiewicz, Ruth Breau, Scott Gmora, Dennis Hong, Mehran Anvari
PURPOSE: Older age (> 60) has been considered a relative contraindication for bariatric surgery due to increased complication risk. This study examined the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery for patients older than 60 years in Canadian population. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the Ontario Bariatric Registry: a database recording peri-operative and post-operative outcomes of publicly funded bariatric surgeries across the province. Patients who completed 1 year follow-up, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between January 2010 and May 2013, were divided into older (> 60) and younger (> 60) cohorts, and outcomes were compared...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Gianfranco Donatelli, Ludovica Guerriero, Fabrizio Cereatti, Kostantinos Arapis, Carmelisa Dammaro, Jean-Loup Dumont, David Fuks, Silvana Perretta
INTRODUCTION: Proximal gastric leak is one of the most common complications after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Endoscopy is the gold standard treatment for acute staple-line leaks. Surgery is the most effective treatment modality in case of chronic fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 55-year- old man presented an acute leak after LSG. The leak was treated with metal stent deployment with temporary closure. After 6 months, he presented leak recurrence with general sepsis, perigastric-infected collection, and gastro-jejunal fistula...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Dimitrios Dardamanis, Julie Navez, Laurent Coubeau, Benoit Navez
AIMS: To compare the perioperative parameters and excess weight loss between patients operated by laporoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), as a primary operation or a revisional, for insufficient weight loss after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) or adjustable gastric banding (AGB). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent a LRYGB was performed for the period 2004-2011. Demographics, preoperative body mass index (BMI), co-morbidities, operation time, conversion rate, perioperative complications, hospitalization period, and % of excess BMI loss (%EBMIL) were investigated and compared between groups...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Salman AlSabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Saud Al-Subaie, Shehab Ekrouf, Khaled Alenezi, Ahmad Almulla, Mohannad Alhaddad
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure as of 2015. However, inadequate weight loss may present the need for revisional procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of single-anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB) in attaining successful weight loss following an initial LSG. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who underwent LSG at Amiri Hospital, Kuwait from 2008 to 2017...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Andrew J Beamish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sandhya B Kumar, Barbara C Hamilton, Stephanie G Wood, Stanley J Rogers, Jonathan T Carter, Matthew Y Lin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular due to its technical ease and excellent short-term results. Understanding the risk profile of LSG compared with the gold standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is critical for patient selection. OBJECTIVES: To use traditional regression techniques and random forest classification algorithms to compare LSG with LRYGB using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Data Registry...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Daniel Coelho, Eudes Paiva de Godoy, Igor Marreiros, Vinicius Fernando da Luz, Antônio Manuel Gouveia de Oliveira, Josemberg Marins Campos, Silvio da Silva Caldas-Neto, Mirella Patrícia Cruz de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has a high long-term remission rate after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), but few studies have analyzed patients with BMI<35 kg/m2. AIM: To compare glycemic control after LRYGB between BMI 30-35 kg/m2 (intervention group or IG) and >35 kg/m2 patients (control group or CG) and to evaluate weight loss, comorbidities and surgical morbidity. METHODS: Sixty-six diabetic patients (30 in IG group and 36 in CG group) were submitted to LRYGB...
March 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rieko Kikuchi, Junichiro Irie, Nobuko Yamada-Goto, Eri Kikkawa, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Hiroshi Itoh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery improves metabolic diseases and alters the intestinal microbiota in animals and humans, but different procedures reportedly have different impacts on the intestinal microbiota. We developed laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal bypass (LSG-DJB) as an alternative to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in addition to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for Japanese patients with obesity. We investigated the precise change in the intestinal microbiota induced by these procedures in the present study...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
Arnaud Pasquer, Elise Pelascini, Gilles Poncet, Maud Robert
PURPOSE: Postoperative abdominal pain after Roux en Y gastric bypass associated with gastro esophageal reflux is difficult to manage. A gastro-gastric fistula can be the etiology and besides pain and weight regain, it can also be revealed by a dilatation of the excluded stomach and duodenum. METHODS: We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who had a medical history of revisional RYGB after failure of gastric band. She recently complained of recurrent epigastric abdominal pain and biliary GERD...
March 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Martin Wagner, Benjamin Friedrich Berthold Mayer, Sebastian Bodenstedt, Katherine Stemmer, Arash Fereydooni, Stefanie Speidel, Rüdiger Dillmann, Felix Nickel, Lars Fischer, Hannes Götz Kenngott
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at developing and evaluating a tool for computer-assisted 3D bowel length measurement (BMS) to improve objective measurement in minimally invasive surgery. Standardization and quality of surgery as well as its documentation are currently limited by lack of objective intraoperative measurements. To solve this problem, we developed BMS as a clinical application of Quantitative Laparoscopy (QL). METHODS: BMS processes images from a conventional 3D laparoscope...
March 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Lizbeth Guilbert, Cristian J Ortiz, Omar Espinosa, Elisa M Sepúlveda, Tatiana Piña, Paul Joo, Carlos Zerrweck
BACKGROUND: The latest diabetes consensus identified obesity as key component of the metabolic syndrome. The role of bariatric surgery over such syndrome has been less explored with a lack of long term studies, and especially among Mexicans. METHODS: Retrospective study including patients with metabolic syndrome submitted to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution with complete data after 24 months. The objective was to analyze the improvement of the syndrome and each component...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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