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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688552/hearing-aids-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-do-children-use-them
#1
Richard Wei Chern Gan, Parisa Overton, Claire Benton, Matija Daniel
INTRODUCTION: ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them. METHOD: Retrospective study of children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70 children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681196/school-friends-and-substance-use-gender-differences-on-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-school-and-close-friend-networks-on-cannabis-involvement
#2
Nikola Zaharakis, Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis, John Light, Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Stephanie Crewe, Brian R Flay, Thomas Way
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents' lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health-a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one's close friend group engages-may be one way by which attitudes toward school exert influence on youth substance use. Utilizing a sample of 248 primarily African-American young urban adolescents, we tested a moderated mediation model to determine if the indirect effect of attitude to school on cannabis involvement through peer network health was conditioned on gender...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672063/low-weight-gain-at-the-start-of-a-family-based-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-predicted-emergency-hospital-admission
#3
Ingemar Swenne, Helena Salonen Ros
AIM: This study examined predictors of emergency hospitalisation of adolescent girls with restrictive eating disorders and weight loss treated by a family-based intervention programme. METHODS: We studied 339 girls aged 10-17 years treated in a specialist unit at Uppsala University Children's Hospital, Sweden, from August 2010 to December 2015. Historical weight data were obtained from school health services and other weight data were determined at presentation...
July 3, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659163/the-association-between-child-and-adolescent-emotional-disorder-and-poor-attendance-at-school-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Katie Finning, Darren Moore, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Emilia Danielsson-Waters, Tamsin Ford
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in young people and are associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Research has suggested a relationship between emotional disorder and poor school attendance, and thus poor attendance may serve as a red flag for children at risk of emotional disorder. This systematic review aims to investigate the association between child and adolescent emotional disorder and poor attendance at school. METHODS: We will search electronic databases from a variety of disciplines including medicine, psychology, education and social sciences, as well as sources of grey literature, to identify any quantitative studies that investigate the relationship between emotional disorder and school attendance...
June 28, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655681/depression-and-hiv-epidemiological-and-clinical-aspects-at-the-bamako-university-hospital-mali
#5
J Zoungrana, J P Dembélé, F B Sako, S Siranyan, J Traore, A Sawadogo, A Millogo, B Coulibaly, S Dao
Depression plays an important role in clinical worsening, morbidity and mortality related to HIV/AIDS. To describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of depressive disorders in people with HIV in Mali. This prospective study took place in the department of psychiatry and infectious diseases at the Bamako University Hospital from July 2004 through October, 2005 and included all HIV-positive antiretroviral-naive patients with depression, diagnosed according to ICD-10 criteria. The study included 84 HIV-positive patients with a depressive disorder; our total population of HIV-positive patients was 316 during the study period, for a prevalence rate of 26...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651574/implementation-of-a-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-demonstration-project-in-malawi-successes-and-challenges
#6
Kelias Phiri Msyamboza, Beatrice Matanje Mwagomba, Moussa Valle, Hastings Chiumia, Twambilire Phiri
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem in Malawi. The age-standardized incidence and mortality rates are estimated to be 75.9 and 49.8 per 100,000 population, respectively. The availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine presents an opportunity to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with cervical cancer. In 2013, the country introduced a school-class-based HPV vaccination pilot project in two districts. The aim of this study was to evaluate HPV vaccine coverage, lessons learnt and challenges identified during the first three years of implementation...
June 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627788/risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-refusal-in-lung-cancer
#7
Won Na Suh, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yeji Han, Soo Jung Kim, Su Hwan Lee, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Sung Shine Shim, Yookyung Kim, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lung cancer is increasing with longer life expectancy. Refusal of active treatment for cancer is prone to cause patients to experience more severe symptoms and shorten survival. The purpose of this study was to define the factors related to refusal or abandonment of active therapy in lung cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 617 patients from medical records from 2010 to 2014. Two groups were formed: 149 patients who refused anti-cancer treatment and allowed only palliative care were classified into the non-treatment group, while the remaining 468 who received anti-cancer treatment were classified into the treatment group...
June 19, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612599/tobacco-use-prevention-for-the-young-tupy-s-development-validity-and-reliability-of-an-interactive-multimedia-strategy-from-the-adolescents%C3%A2-perspective-in-malaysia
#8
Faridah Mohd Zin, Azlin Hilma Hillaluddin, Jamaludin Mustaffa
Objective: This study aims to develop, validate and determine the reliability of an interactive multimedia strategy to prevent tobacco use among the young (TUPY-S) from an adolescents’ perspective. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. A modular instruction guideline by Russel (1974) was followed in the entire process, comprising a feasibility study, a review of existing modules, specification of the objectives, identification of the construct criterion items, learner analysis and entry behavior specification, establishment of the sequence instruction and media selection, a tryout with students and a field test...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595059/coming-to-the-new-d-a-r-e-a-preliminary-test-of-the-officer-taught-elementary-keepin-it-real-curriculum
#9
L Edward Day, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Desiree Fehmie
The present study reports a preliminary evaluation of D.A.R.E.'s new elementary school keepin' it REAL substance abuse prevention program. Given the widespread dissemination of D.A.R.E., this evaluation, even though of short term effects, has important implications for national prevention efforts. The new prevention curriculum teaches social and emotional competencies such as decision making and resistance skills. Social and emotional competencies and other risk factors were examined among students (N=943) in 26 classrooms, 13 classrooms in the treatment condition (n=359) and 13 classrooms in the control condition (n=584) using a quasi-experimental matched group design...
May 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592165/self-concealment-mediates-the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-attitudes-toward-seeking-psychological-help-among-adolescents
#10
Abbas Abdollahi, Simin Hosseinian, Ahmad Beh-Pajooh, Per Carlbring
One of the biggest barriers in treating adolescents with mental health problems is their refusing to seek psychological help. This study was designed to examine the relationships between two forms of perfectionism, self-concealment and attitudes toward seeking psychological help and to test the mediating role of self-concealment in the relationship between perfectionism and attitudes toward seeking psychological help among Malaysian high school students. The participants were 475 Malaysian high school students from four high schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586239/entertainment-education-videos-as-a-persuasive-tool-in-the-substance-use-prevention-intervention-keepin-it-real
#11
YoungJu Shin, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Janice L Krieger
Based on social cognitive theory and narrative engagement theory, the current study examined hypothesized indirect effects of engagement with keepin' it REAL (kiR) curriculum entertainment-education (E-E) videos on youth alcohol use via youth drug offer refusal efficacy. Students in 7th grade (N = 1,464) at 25 public schools in two Midwestern states were randomly assigned to one of the two versions of the kiR curriculum, the kiR urban version and the kiR rural version. Each version had their own set of five culturally-grounded E-E videos depicting communicative skills to refuse drug offers...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567172/forms-of-stigma-and-discrimination-in-the-daily-lives-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-mauritania
#12
Boushab Mohamed Boushab, Malick Fall Fatim-Zahra, Ould Cheikh Melaïnine Mohamed Limame, Basco Leonardo Kishi
SUMMARY: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are often discriminated against in their daily lives. The objective of this descriptive and transversal study was to describe the experiences of PLWHA followed at a specialized outpatient center in Nouakchott to assess the forms of stigma from the perspective of those who suffer from discrimination. METHODS: All HIV-positive patients over the age of 18 years who were aware of their HIV status and provided consent to participate in the study were included from June 1 to 29, 2015...
2017: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472111/spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-gaze-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-while-looking-at-classroom-scenes
#13
Takahiro Higuchi, Yuko Ishizaki, Atsushi Noritake, Yoshitoki Yanagimoto, Hodaka Kobayashi, Kae Nakamura, Kazunari Kaneko
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have neurodevelopmental impairments in social communication often refuse to go to school because of difficulties in learning in class. The exact cause of maladaptation to school in such children is unknown. We hypothesized that these children have difficulty in paying attention to objects at which teachers are pointing. We performed gaze behavior analysis of children with ASD to understand their difficulties in the classroom. The subjects were 26 children with ASD (19 boys and 7 girls; mean age, 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466709/-don-t-refuse-any-opportunity
#14
(no author information available yet)
Linda Kenward qualified as a nurse in the Royal Air Force in 1981. She spent her early career working in theatres/recovery before moving into school nursing and then education in 2005 as a practice education facilitator. Her first academic role was programme lead for mentorship at the Open University, and she is currently principal lecturer in nursing at the University of Cumbria. Linda is also a qualified counsellor.
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442229/changing-attitudes-to-childhood-immunisation-in-english-parents
#15
Helen Campbell, Angela Edwards, Louise Letley, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Joanne Yarwood
OBJECTIVES: We undertook a national survey of parental attitudes to childhood vaccinations and compared results with those in earlier comparable surveys covering a 10year period. METHODS: We randomly selected 275 nationally representative sampling locations in England. Interviewers identified eligible primary care givers (referred to as parents) of children aged from 2months to <5years and conducted home-based interviews between January and April 2015. We aimed to recruit 1000 parents of children aged 0-2years and 1000 of children aged 3-4years...
May 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#16
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408785/all-anxiety-is-not-created-equal-correlates-of-parent-youth-agreement-vary-across-subtypes-of-anxiety
#17
Emily M Becker, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Golda S Ginsburg
Research has examined patterns and correlates of parent/youth informant discrepancies in the reporting of youth anxiety. However, little work has examined whether it is better to conceptualize patterns and correlates of informant disagreement across anxiety broadly, or more useful to consider disagreement on specific symptom clusters. Using data from the Child Adolescent/Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS; N = 488; Walkup et al., 2008), the current study applied the most recent recommended analytic strategies to study informant discrepancies and examined differences in the magnitude and patterns of disagreement for: (a) broadband anxiety symptoms, versus (b) symptoms of specific anxiety diagnoses (or anxiety subtypes; e...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353126/preventing-adolescent-substance-use-through-an-evidence-based-program-effects-of-the-italian-adaptation-of-life-skills-training
#18
Veronica Velasco, Kenneth W Griffin, Gilbert J Botvin
Evidence-based preventive interventions for adolescent substance use, violence, and mental health issues are increasingly being adapted and disseminated internationally. In the present paper, we report the results of an effectiveness study that was part of a comprehensive initiative by a coalition of health promotion organizations in the Lombardy region of Italy to select, culturally adapt, implement, evaluate, and sustain an evidence-based drug abuse prevention program developed in the USA. Findings are presented from a large-scale effectiveness study of the Life Skills Training prevention program among over 3000 students attending 55 middle schools in Italy...
March 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345392/informed-consent-for-opt-in-hiv-testing-via-tablet-kiosk-an-assessment-of-patient-comprehension-and-acceptability
#19
Mitra K Lewis, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Charlotte A Gaydos, Stephen C Peterson, Richard E Rothman
Although implementation of HIV testing in the emergency department has met with some success, one commonly cited challenge is the consent process. Kiosks offer one potential strategy to overcome this barrier. This pilot cross-sectional survey study examined patient comprehension of opt-in HIV testing consent and acceptability of using a kiosk to provide consent. Subjects were guided through a simulated consent process using a kiosk and then completed a survey of consent comprehension and acceptability of kiosk use...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325387/-the-efficacy-of-care-as-perceived-by-adolescents-presenting-anxiety-based-school-refusal
#20
REVIEW
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Sophie Campredon, Anne Revah-Levy
School refusal is a complex disorder which is sometimes difficult to treat and which has potentially significant consequences on the child's schooling and mental health. A qualitative study was carried out in 2014-2015 on the feelings of adolescents and their parents with regard to the efficacy of care. The results show that, while adolescents and parents do not share the same representation of the care objectives, they agree on the therapeutic levers identified as been effective: time and relationships.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
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