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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319427/legal-approaches-to-promoting-parental-compliance-with-childhood-immunization-recommendations
#1
Lois A Weithorn, Dorit Rubinstein Reiss
Rates of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased in the United States in recent years, largely due to parental refusals of recommended childhood immunizations. Empirical studies have demonstrated a relationship between nonvaccination rates and permissive state vaccine exemption policies, indicating that legal reforms may promote higher immunization rates. This article reviews relevant data and considers the legal landscape. It analyzes federal and state Constitutional law, concluding that religious and personal belief exemptions to school-entry vaccine mandates are not constitutionally required...
January 10, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241346/individual-characteristics-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-school-refusal-behavior
#2
Ellen Kathrine Munkhaugen, Tonje Torske, Elen Gjevik, Terje Nærland, Are Hugo Pripp, Trond H Diseth
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed questionnaires assessing social and executive functioning as well as emotional and behavioral problems. They then documented their child's school refusal behavior for a period of 20 days...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#3
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227133/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-factors-amongst-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-outapi-clinic-namibia-a-descriptive-survey
#4
Leonard T Bikinesi, Robert Mash, Kate Joyner
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant and largely hidden public health problem for all women and, during pregnancy, can have significant effects on the health of both mother and the unborn baby. Previous Namibian studies suggest rates of IPV as high as 36%, although few studies have been conducted in primary care. AIM: To determine the prevalence of IPV amongst women attending antenatal care. SETTING: Outapi primary care clinic, Namibia...
December 6, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204421/weight-related-barriers-for-overweight-students-in-an-elementary-physical-education-classroom-an-exploratory-case-study-with-one-physical-education-teacher
#5
Mary Odum, Corliss W Outley, E Lisako J McKyer, Christine A Tisone, Sharon L McWhinney
Introduction: As physical performance may be more difficult for overweight children than for their non-overweight peers, understanding how weight impacts student performance in the physical education (P.E.) classroom could inform school-based obesity prevention programming. Materials and methods: This qualitative case study examined one elementary physical educator's perspectives of overweight students' weight-related experiences in her classroom. Narratives were elicited during an in-depth interview and analyzed using structural and thematic analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197106/practitioner-review-school-refusal-developments-in-conceptualisation-and-treatment-since-2000
#6
REVIEW
Julian G Elliott, Maurice Place
BACKGROUND: A generation has passed since the literature on the conceptualisation, assessment and treatment of school refusal was reviewed in this journal (Elliott, ). In the light of considerable gaps in the literature, identified at that time, and growing international interest, the current paper sought to identify progress subsequently made this century. METHODS: We open with discussion of continuing conceptual uncertainty as to whether school refusal should incorporate both truancy and absenteeism marked by anxiety and distress...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#7
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135050/belief-about-mandatory-school-vaccinations-and-vaccination-refusal-among-ohio-appalachian-parents-do-demographic-and-religious-factors-general-health-and-political-affiliation-play-a-role
#8
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Brittany M Bernardo, Rory C Weier, Juan Peng, Mira L Katz, Paul L Reiter, Morgan S Richardson, Michael L Pennell, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
PURPOSE: To examine how demographic, general health, religious, and political characteristics influenced beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of vaccination refusal for children among Ohio Appalachian parents. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, baseline data were obtained from parents (n = 337) of girls aged 9-17 from 12 counties in rural Ohio Appalachia enrolled in the Community Awareness, Resources and Education (CARE II) Project. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of parental beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of refusing a doctor-recommended vaccine for their child(ren)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128586/contraception-pregnancy-and-peripartum-experiences-among-women-with-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#9
Sheliza Halani, Lhab Tshering, Esther Bui, Sarah J Clark, Sara J Grundy, Tandin Pem, Sonam Lhamo, Ugyen Dema, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the reproductive health of women with epilepsy (WWE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Bhutan is a lower income country with a high estimated prevalence of epilepsy and no out-of-pocket payment requirements for health visits or medications. METHODS: We developed a 10-category survey to interview WWE ages 20-59 years in the Kingdom of Bhutan to understand their contraceptive use and peripartum experiences. WWE were recruited from 2016-2017 from an existing epilepsy cohort and their reproductive health data were merged with epilepsy and socioeconomic data obtained from initial clinical evaluations performed between 2014 and 2016...
December 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082300/sources-of-electronic-cigarette-acquisition-among-adolescents-in-connecticut
#10
Grace Kong, Meghan E Morean, Dana A Cavallo, Deepa R Camenga, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
OBJECTIVES: We examined sources of e-cigarette acquisition among youth, and changes in these sources, between 2014 and 2015. We also assessed whether youth were ever refused the sale of e-cigarettes. METHODS: Anonymous, cross-sectional surveys conducted in five high schools in 2014 and 2015 in Connecticut assessed demographics, e-cigarette and cigarette use, and e-cigarette acquisition sources (friends/boyfriends/girlfriends, tobacco shops, siblings, online, parents/adult family members, other)...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053391/drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-and-intended-alcohol-consumption-during-a-mass-attended-youth-event
#11
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni
BACKGROUND: Mass-attended youth events represent a substantial public health challenge due to high levels of alcohol consumption and corresponding high rates of alcohol-related harm. Although previous research has documented the protective effect of high drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) on alcohol consumption in general, there is a lack of research examining the role of DRSE in reducing consumption during mass-attended youth events and the factors associated with DRSE in these contexts...
October 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041977/perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-family-planning-services-in-the-poorest-regions-of-chiapas-mexico-a-qualitative-study-of-men-women-and-adolescents
#12
Emily Dansereau, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernández, Jennifer Nelson, Erin Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alex Woldeab, Maria Paola Zúñiga, Emma Margarita Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: In the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico, 50.2% of women in need of contraceptives do not use any modern method. A qualitative study was needed to design effective and culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: We used purposive maximum-variation sampling to select eight municipalities with a high proportion of residents in the poorest wealth quintile, including urban, rural, indigenous, and non-indigenous communities. We conducted 44 focus group discussions with 292 women, adolescent women, and men using semi-structured topic guides...
October 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020069/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-acquiring-measles-during-the-2011-outbreak-in-quebec-and-impact-of-the-province-wide-school-based-vaccination-campaign-on-population-immunity
#13
Marie-Noëlle Billard, Gaston De Serres, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Nicole Boulianne, Eveline Toth, Monique Landry, Danuta M Skowronski
BACKGROUND: A large measles outbreak occurred in Quebec, Canada, in 2011. Although nearly two-thirds of the cases occurred in only two health districts, a mass vaccination campaign targeting all Quebec elementary and high school students without valid two-dose history was undertaken to prevent future outbreaks. We compared rates of non-vaccination and age at first measles vaccine dose among students in the two most-affected districts and the rest of the province and estimated the improvement in overall student measles immunity due to the mass school-based vaccination campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928320/tobacco-use-among-young-adolescents-in-myanmar-findings-from-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#14
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927773/-school-refusal-psychopathological-profiles-of-adolescents-followed-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#15
J Romani, S Campredon, D Da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: School refusal appeared when formal education became compulsory in 1882, with the Jules Ferry laws. In international psychiatric classifications, school refusal does not appear as a diagnosis by itself, but it co-exists and is inherent to the symptoms of other psychiatric conditions, in particular of anxiety and depressive disorders. The main goal of this study was to describe psychopathological disorders in teenagers presenting school refusal followed in a day hospital setting...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884619/correction-to-arheiam-et%C3%A2-al-arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#17
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829988/anaesthetic-and-surgical-management-of-airway-penetrating-injuries-in-children-in-resource-poor-setting-case-reports
#18
Bassey E Edem, Amali Adekwu, Michael E Efu, Joseph Kuni, Gerald Onuchukwu, Johnbosco Ugwuadu
INTRODUCTION: Impacted penetrating foreign body (FB) in the airway especially the postnasal space presents with management challenges. The challenges are worsened by lack of modern equipment in resource-poor settings. Two suchlike cases were managed in this report. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1: A 4-year-old girl who fell on a metal rod in her mouth while playing alone. Examination revealed an agitated child in open mouth posture, with a silvery straight metallic object impacted on the hard palate and projecting from the mouth...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#19
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816831/school-refusal-successfully-treated-with-divalproex
#20
Lu Ye, Jeongwon Shin, Steven Lippmann
Divalproex was successfully used in a 7-year-old boy suffering from treatment-refractory school refusal complicated with a mood disturbance and anxiety. Divalproex had demonstrated a rapid effect in reducing school anxiety and improving school attendance after multiple failures of other agents. Divalproex may be an effective agent for treating school refusal in children with emotional and/or behavior disturbances.
September 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
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