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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928320/tobacco-use-among-young-adolescents-in-myanmar-findings-from-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#1
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927773/-school-refusal-psychopathological-profiles-of-adolescents-followed-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#2
J Romani, S Campredon, D Da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: School refusal appeared when formal education became compulsory in 1882, with the Jules Ferry laws. In international psychiatric classifications, school refusal does not appear as a diagnosis by itself, but it co-exists and is inherent to the symptoms of other psychiatric conditions, in particular of anxiety and depressive disorders. The main goal of this study was to describe psychopathological disorders in teenagers presenting school refusal followed in a day hospital setting...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884619/correction-to-arheiam-et%C3%A2-al-arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#4
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829988/anaesthetic-and-surgical-management-of-airway-penetrating-injuries-in-children-in-resource-poor-setting-case-reports
#5
Bassey E Edem, Amali Adekwu, Michael E Efu, Joseph Kuni, Gerald Onuchukwu, Johnbosco Ugwuadu
INTRODUCTION: Impacted penetrating foreign body (FB) in the airway especially the postnasal space presents with management challenges. The challenges are worsened by lack of modern equipment in resource-poor settings. Two suchlike cases were managed in this report. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1: A 4-year-old girl who fell on a metal rod in her mouth while playing alone. Examination revealed an agitated child in open mouth posture, with a silvery straight metallic object impacted on the hard palate and projecting from the mouth...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#6
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816831/school-refusal-successfully-treated-with-divalproex
#7
Lu Ye, Jeongwon Shin, Steven Lippmann
Divalproex was successfully used in a 7-year-old boy suffering from treatment-refractory school refusal complicated with a mood disturbance and anxiety. Divalproex had demonstrated a rapid effect in reducing school anxiety and improving school attendance after multiple failures of other agents. Divalproex may be an effective agent for treating school refusal in children with emotional and/or behavior disturbances.
September 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#8
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777685/sexual-minority-disparities-in-substance-use-willingness-among-youth
#9
Kristi E Gamarel, Ethan H Mereish, Suzanne M Colby, Nancy P Barnett, Kerri Hayes, Kristina M Jackson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in substance use have been observed in sexual minority youth, but less is known about willingness to use substances, an important precursor to actual use. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine willingness to use cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among sexual minority youth compared to their non-sexual minority counterparts using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. METHODS: The present study drew on two waves (Times 1 and 2; 6 months apart) of data collected during high school as part of a prospective study of substance use initiation and progression in Rhode Island...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776843/self-efficacy-about-sexual-risk-protective-behaviors-intervention-impact-trajectories-among-american-indian-youth
#10
Christina M Mitchell, Carol E Kaufman, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Janette Beals, Ellen M Keane
For adolescents, normative development encompasses learning to negotiate challenges of sexual situations; of special importance are skills to prevent early pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases. Disparities in sexual risk among American Indian youth point to the importance of intervening to attenuate this risk. This study explored the impact of Circle of Life (COL), an HIV prevention intervention based on social cognitive theory, on trajectories of self-efficacy (refusing sex, avoiding sexual situations) among 635 students from 13 middle schools on one American Indian reservation...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774498/vaccine-hesitancy-where-we-are-and-where-we-are-going
#11
REVIEW
Catherine C McClure, Jessica R Cataldi, Sean T O'Leary
PURPOSE: Vaccines represent one of the most important aspects of pediatric preventive care. However, parents are increasingly questioning the safety of and need for vaccines, and as a result, vaccination rates have fallen to dangerously low levels in certain communities. The effects of vaccine hesitancy are widespread. Community pediatricians who interact regularly with vaccine-hesitant parents report higher levels of burnout and lower levels of job satisfaction. Not surprisingly, vaccine hesitancy has also had direct influence on vaccination rates, which in turn are linked to increased emergency department use, morbidity, and mortality...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688552/hearing-aids-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-do-children-use-them
#12
Richard Wei Chern Gan, Parisa Overton, Claire Benton, Matija Daniel
INTRODUCTION: ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them. METHOD: Retrospective study of children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70 children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681196/school-friends-and-substance-use-gender-differences-on-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-school-and-close-friend-networks-on-cannabis-involvement
#13
Nikola Zaharakis, Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis, John Light, Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Stephanie Crewe, Brian R Flay, Thomas Way
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents' lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health-a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one's close friend group engages-may be one way by which attitudes toward school exert influence on youth substance use. Utilizing a sample of 248 primarily African-American young urban adolescents, we tested a moderated mediation model to determine if the indirect effect of attitude to school on cannabis involvement through peer network health was conditioned on gender...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672063/low-weight-gain-at-the-start-of-a-family-based-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-predicted-emergency-hospital-admission
#14
Ingemar Swenne, Helena Salonen Ros
AIM: This study examined predictors of emergency hospitalisation of adolescent girls with restrictive eating disorders and weight loss treated by a family-based intervention programme. METHODS: We studied 339 girls aged 10-17 years treated in a specialist unit at Uppsala University Children's Hospital, Sweden, from August 2010 to December 2015. Historical weight data were obtained from school health services and other weight data were determined at presentation...
July 3, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659163/the-association-between-child-and-adolescent-emotional-disorder-and-poor-attendance-at-school-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Katie Finning, Darren Moore, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Emilia Danielsson-Waters, Tamsin Ford
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in young people and are associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Research has suggested a relationship between emotional disorder and poor school attendance, and thus poor attendance may serve as a red flag for children at risk of emotional disorder. This systematic review aims to investigate the association between child and adolescent emotional disorder and poor attendance at school. METHODS: We will search electronic databases from a variety of disciplines including medicine, psychology, education and social sciences, as well as sources of grey literature, to identify any quantitative studies that investigate the relationship between emotional disorder and school attendance...
June 28, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655681/depression-and-hiv-epidemiological-and-clinical-aspects-at-the-bamako-university-hospital-mali
#16
J Zoungrana, J P Dembélé, F B Sako, S Siranyan, J Traore, A Sawadogo, A Millogo, B Coulibaly, S Dao
Depression plays an important role in clinical worsening, morbidity and mortality related to HIV/AIDS. To describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of depressive disorders in people with HIV in Mali. This prospective study took place in the department of psychiatry and infectious diseases at the Bamako University Hospital from July 2004 through October, 2005 and included all HIV-positive antiretroviral-naive patients with depression, diagnosed according to ICD-10 criteria. The study included 84 HIV-positive patients with a depressive disorder; our total population of HIV-positive patients was 316 during the study period, for a prevalence rate of 26...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651574/implementation-of-a-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-demonstration-project-in-malawi-successes-and-challenges
#17
Kelias Phiri Msyamboza, Beatrice Matanje Mwagomba, Moussa Valle, Hastings Chiumia, Twambilire Phiri
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem in Malawi. The age-standardized incidence and mortality rates are estimated to be 75.9 and 49.8 per 100,000 population, respectively. The availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine presents an opportunity to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with cervical cancer. In 2013, the country introduced a school-class-based HPV vaccination pilot project in two districts. The aim of this study was to evaluate HPV vaccine coverage, lessons learnt and challenges identified during the first three years of implementation...
June 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627788/risk-factors-associated-with-treatment-refusal-in-lung-cancer
#18
Won Na Suh, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yeji Han, Soo Jung Kim, Su Hwan Lee, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Sung Shine Shim, Yookyung Kim, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lung cancer is increasing with longer life expectancy. Refusal of active treatment for cancer is prone to cause patients to experience more severe symptoms and shorten survival. The purpose of this study was to define the factors related to refusal or abandonment of active therapy in lung cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 617 patients from medical records from 2010 to 2014. Two groups were formed: 149 patients who refused anti-cancer treatment and allowed only palliative care were classified into the non-treatment group, while the remaining 468 who received anti-cancer treatment were classified into the treatment group...
September 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612599/tobacco-use-prevention-for-the-young-tupy-s-development-validity-and-reliability-of-an-interactive-multimedia-strategy-from-the-adolescents%C3%A2-perspective-in-malaysia
#19
Faridah Mohd Zin, Azlin Hilma Hillaluddin, Jamaludin Mustaffa
Objective: This study aims to develop, validate and determine the reliability of an interactive multimedia strategy to prevent tobacco use among the young (TUPY-S) from an adolescents’ perspective. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. A modular instruction guideline by Russel (1974) was followed in the entire process, comprising a feasibility study, a review of existing modules, specification of the objectives, identification of the construct criterion items, learner analysis and entry behavior specification, establishment of the sequence instruction and media selection, a tryout with students and a field test...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595059/coming-to-the-new-d-a-r-e-a-preliminary-test-of-the-officer-taught-elementary-keepin-it-real-curriculum
#20
L Edward Day, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Desiree Fehmie
The present study reports a preliminary evaluation of D.A.R.E.'s new elementary school keepin' it REAL substance abuse prevention program. Given the widespread dissemination of D.A.R.E., this evaluation, even though of short term effects, has important implications for national prevention efforts. The new prevention curriculum teaches social and emotional competencies such as decision making and resistance skills. Social and emotional competencies and other risk factors were examined among students (N=943) in 26 classrooms, 13 classrooms in the treatment condition (n=359) and 13 classrooms in the control condition (n=584) using a quasi-experimental matched group design...
May 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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