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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#1
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135050/belief-about-mandatory-school-vaccinations-and-vaccination-refusal-among-ohio-appalachian-parents-do-demographic-and-religious-factors-general-health-and-political-affiliation-play-a-role
#2
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Brittany M Bernardo, Rory C Weier, Juan Peng, Mira L Katz, Paul L Reiter, Morgan S Richardson, Michael L Pennell, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
PURPOSE: To examine how demographic, general health, religious, and political characteristics influenced beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of vaccination refusal for children among Ohio Appalachian parents. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, baseline data were obtained from parents (n = 337) of girls aged 9-17 from 12 counties in rural Ohio Appalachia enrolled in the Community Awareness, Resources and Education (CARE II) Project. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of parental beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of refusing a doctor-recommended vaccine for their child(ren)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128586/contraception-pregnancy-and-peripartum-experiences-among-women-with-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#3
Sheliza Halani, Lhab Tshering, Esther Bui, Sarah J Clark, Sara J Grundy, Tandin Pem, Sonam Lhamo, Ugyen Dema, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the reproductive health of women with epilepsy (WWE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Bhutan is a lower income country with a high estimated prevalence of epilepsy and no out-of-pocket payment requirements for health visits or medications. METHODS: We developed a 10-category survey to interview WWE ages 20-59 years in the Kingdom of Bhutan to understand their contraceptive use and peripartum experiences. WWE were recruited from 2016-2017 from an existing epilepsy cohort and their reproductive health data were merged with epilepsy and socioeconomic data obtained from initial clinical evaluations performed between 2014 and 2016...
October 18, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082300/sources-of-electronic-cigarette-acquisition-among-adolescents-in-connecticut
#4
Grace Kong, Meghan E Morean, Dana A Cavallo, Deepa R Camenga, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
OBJECTIVES: We examined sources of e-cigarette acquisition among youth, and changes in these sources, between 2014 and 2015. We also assessed whether youth were ever refused the sale of e-cigarettes. METHODS: Anonymous, cross-sectional surveys conducted in five high schools in 2014 and 2015 in Connecticut assessed demographics, e-cigarette and cigarette use, and e-cigarette acquisition sources (friends/boyfriends/girlfriends, tobacco shops, siblings, online, parents/adult family members, other)...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053391/drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-and-intended-alcohol-consumption-during-a-mass-attended-youth-event
#5
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni
BACKGROUND: Mass-attended youth events represent a substantial public health challenge due to high levels of alcohol consumption and corresponding high rates of alcohol-related harm. Although previous research has documented the protective effect of high drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) on alcohol consumption in general, there is a lack of research examining the role of DRSE in reducing consumption during mass-attended youth events and the factors associated with DRSE in these contexts...
October 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041977/perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-family-planning-services-in-the-poorest-regions-of-chiapas-mexico-a-qualitative-study-of-men-women-and-adolescents
#6
Emily Dansereau, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernández, Jennifer Nelson, Erin Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alex Woldeab, Maria Paola Zúñiga, Emma Margarita Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: In the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico, 50.2% of women in need of contraceptives do not use any modern method. A qualitative study was needed to design effective and culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: We used purposive maximum-variation sampling to select eight municipalities with a high proportion of residents in the poorest wealth quintile, including urban, rural, indigenous, and non-indigenous communities. We conducted 44 focus group discussions with 292 women, adolescent women, and men using semi-structured topic guides...
October 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020069/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-acquiring-measles-during-the-2011-outbreak-in-quebec-and-impact-of-the-province-wide-school-based-vaccination-campaign-on-population-immunity
#7
Marie-Noëlle Billard, Gaston De Serres, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Nicole Boulianne, Eveline Toth, Monique Landry, Danuta M Skowronski
BACKGROUND: A large measles outbreak occurred in Quebec, Canada, in 2011. Although nearly two-thirds of the cases occurred in only two health districts, a mass vaccination campaign targeting all Quebec elementary and high school students without valid two-dose history was undertaken to prevent future outbreaks. We compared rates of non-vaccination and age at first measles vaccine dose among students in the two most-affected districts and the rest of the province and estimated the improvement in overall student measles immunity due to the mass school-based vaccination campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928320/tobacco-use-among-young-adolescents-in-myanmar-findings-from-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#8
Nyein Aye Tun, Thuzar Chittin, Naveen Agarwal, Mya Lay New, Yamin Thaung, Pyi Pyi Phyo
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the available data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) to assess the prevalence of tobacco use among Myanmar adolescents. OBJECTIVES: We have conducted the fourth round of the GYTS in Myanmar during 2016 to monitor trends in tobacco use. METHODS: We have selected 51 schools using random sampling based on probability proportional to school enrollment...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927773/-school-refusal-psychopathological-profiles-of-adolescents-followed-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#9
J Romani, S Campredon, D Da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: School refusal appeared when formal education became compulsory in 1882, with the Jules Ferry laws. In international psychiatric classifications, school refusal does not appear as a diagnosis by itself, but it co-exists and is inherent to the symptoms of other psychiatric conditions, in particular of anxiety and depressive disorders. The main goal of this study was to describe psychopathological disorders in teenagers presenting school refusal followed in a day hospital setting...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884619/correction-to-arheiam-et%C3%A2-al-arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#11
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829988/anaesthetic-and-surgical-management-of-airway-penetrating-injuries-in-children-in-resource-poor-setting-case-reports
#12
Bassey E Edem, Amali Adekwu, Michael E Efu, Joseph Kuni, Gerald Onuchukwu, Johnbosco Ugwuadu
INTRODUCTION: Impacted penetrating foreign body (FB) in the airway especially the postnasal space presents with management challenges. The challenges are worsened by lack of modern equipment in resource-poor settings. Two suchlike cases were managed in this report. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1: A 4-year-old girl who fell on a metal rod in her mouth while playing alone. Examination revealed an agitated child in open mouth posture, with a silvery straight metallic object impacted on the hard palate and projecting from the mouth...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829756/teenage-pregnancy-a-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-and-pr%C3%A3-ncipe
#13
Fábia Carvalho, Inês de Medeiros, Catarina Faria, Djamilla Cotu, Endza Paula Will, Edgar Neves, Teresa Pontes
Introduction The increasing number of pregnant teenagers in São Tomé and Príncipe (STP) represents a serious public health issue. The aim of this study was to characterize the population of pregnant adolescents followed in a health facility dedicated to maternal health in STP. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant teenagers that attended the Mother and Child Protection Center during the first quarter of 2017. The survey contained questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and risk behaviors, family, partners and health support...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816831/school-refusal-successfully-treated-with-divalproex
#14
Lu Ye, Jeongwon Shin, Steven Lippmann
Divalproex was successfully used in a 7-year-old boy suffering from treatment-refractory school refusal complicated with a mood disturbance and anxiety. Divalproex had demonstrated a rapid effect in reducing school anxiety and improving school attendance after multiple failures of other agents. Divalproex may be an effective agent for treating school refusal in children with emotional and/or behavior disturbances.
September 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#15
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777685/sexual-minority-disparities-in-substance-use-willingness-among-youth
#16
Kristi E Gamarel, Ethan H Mereish, Suzanne M Colby, Nancy P Barnett, Kerri Hayes, Kristina M Jackson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in substance use have been observed in sexual minority youth, but less is known about willingness to use substances, an important precursor to actual use. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine willingness to use cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among sexual minority youth compared to their non-sexual minority counterparts using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. METHODS: The present study drew on two waves (Times 1 and 2; 6 months apart) of data collected during high school as part of a prospective study of substance use initiation and progression in Rhode Island...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776843/self-efficacy-about-sexual-risk-protective-behaviors-intervention-impact-trajectories-among-american-indian-youth
#17
Christina M Mitchell, Carol E Kaufman, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell, Janette Beals, Ellen M Keane
For adolescents, normative development encompasses learning to negotiate challenges of sexual situations; of special importance are skills to prevent early pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases. Disparities in sexual risk among American Indian youth point to the importance of intervening to attenuate this risk. This study explored the impact of Circle of Life (COL), an HIV prevention intervention based on social cognitive theory, on trajectories of self-efficacy (refusing sex, avoiding sexual situations) among 635 students from 13 middle schools on one American Indian reservation...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774498/vaccine-hesitancy-where-we-are-and-where-we-are-going
#18
REVIEW
Catherine C McClure, Jessica R Cataldi, Sean T O'Leary
PURPOSE: Vaccines represent one of the most important aspects of pediatric preventive care. However, parents are increasingly questioning the safety of and need for vaccines, and as a result, vaccination rates have fallen to dangerously low levels in certain communities. The effects of vaccine hesitancy are widespread. Community pediatricians who interact regularly with vaccine-hesitant parents report higher levels of burnout and lower levels of job satisfaction. Not surprisingly, vaccine hesitancy has also had direct influence on vaccination rates, which in turn are linked to increased emergency department use, morbidity, and mortality...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688552/hearing-aids-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-do-children-use-them
#19
Richard Wei Chern Gan, Parisa Overton, Claire Benton, Matija Daniel
INTRODUCTION: ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them. METHOD: Retrospective study of children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70 children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681196/school-friends-and-substance-use-gender-differences-on-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-school-and-close-friend-networks-on-cannabis-involvement
#20
Nikola Zaharakis, Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis, John Light, Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Stephanie Crewe, Brian R Flay, Thomas Way
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents' lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health-a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one's close friend group engages-may be one way by which attitudes toward school exert influence on youth substance use. Utilizing a sample of 248 primarily African-American young urban adolescents, we tested a moderated mediation model to determine if the indirect effect of attitude to school on cannabis involvement through peer network health was conditioned on gender...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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