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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778514/conditional-admission-religious-exemption-type-and-nonmedical-vaccine-exemptions-in-california-before-and-after-a-state-policy-change
#1
Alison M Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Caitlin Mckown, Daniel Salmon, Saad B Omer
Recent measles and pertussis outbreaks in the US have focused national attention on state laws governing exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school entry. After several years of increases in nonmedical exemptions in California, the state assembly passed Assembly Bill 2109 in 2012, making nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain by requiring parents to obtain a signature from a health care provider. We used data from the California Department of Public Health to describe changes in the overall prevalence of personal belief exemptions and compositional changes in immunization status for the school years 2012-2013 through 2015-2016...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757816/attitudes-and-perceptions-about-cigarette-smoking-among-nonsmoking-high-school-students
#2
Mary Jane S Hanson
PURPOSE: To explore the association between cigarette smoking intention and attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control as identified by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cohort of nonsmoking teenagers. METHODS: A convenience sample of 76 nonsmoking students from a rural Northeastern Pennsylvania high school completed a self-administered questionnaire based on the TPB, which included cigarette smoking behavior, intention, and the direct measures of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748660/the-association-of-problematic-eating-behaviours-with-food-quality-and-body-mass-index-at-7-years-of-age
#3
Sara Costa, Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is scarce evidence of how certain eating behaviours compromise the compliance with dietary guidelines and weight status in school-aged children. This study aims to evaluate the association of children's problematic eating behaviours with food quality and body mass index at 7 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were children aged 7 years old from a population-based cohort study from Porto, Portugal-Generation XXI. Children's quantity and speed of ingestion, food refusal at the table and food rewards requesting were evaluated by caregiver's perception...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741917/a-systematic-review-of-pharmacologic-treatments-for-school-refusal-behavior
#4
Amalia Londono Tobon, Margot O Reed, Jerome H Taylor, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: School refusal is an important pediatric problem with significant negative short- and long-term outcomes. Specific psychosocial treatments appear effective in reducing school refusal, but many children do not respond to these treatments. Although systematic reviews have examined the efficacy of psychological interventions for school refusal, no systematic reviews on pharmacological interventions exist. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Embase for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-experimental pharmacologic trials in children and adolescents with school refusal reported in English or Spanish until July 1, 2017...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708881/perceptions-of-sexual-abstinence-among-muslim-adolescent-girls-in-southern-thailand
#5
Jitlada Piriyasart, Praneed Songwathana, Susan Kools
Background Sex before marriage among Muslim adolescents is becoming a serious issue in Muslim societies exemplified by an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. Sexual abstinence is an optimal goal for adolescent health from an Islamic perspective. Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions have not been investigated, therefore, we lack understanding of their strengths and the risks that may contribute to outcomes such as pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Objective The purpose of this investigation was to characterize Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions of sexual abstinence...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696179/reducing-social-inequalities-in-access-to-overweight-and-obesity-care-management-for-adolescents-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial-protocol-and-inclusion-data-analysis
#6
Karine Legrand, Edith Lecomte, Johanne Langlois, Laurent Muller, Laura Saez, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Philip Böhme, Elisabeth Spitz, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
Background: Despite social inequalities in overweight/obesity prevalence, evidence-based public health interventions to reduce them are scarce. The PRALIMAP-INÈS trial aimed to investigate whether a strengthened-care management for adolescents with low socioeconomic status has an equivalent effect in preventing and reducing overweight as a standard-care management for high socioeconomic status adolescents. Methods: PRALIMAP-INÈS was a mixed, prospective and multicenter trial including 35 state-run schools...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688861/examining-the-spatiotemporal-evolution-of-vaccine-refusal-nonmedical-exemptions-from-vaccination-in-california-2000-2013
#7
Paul L Delamater, Timothy F Leslie, Y Tony Yang
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy continues to be an issue throughout the United States, as numerous vaccine hesitant parents are choosing to exempt their children from school-entry vaccination requirements for nonmedical reasons, despite the safety and effectiveness of vaccines. We conduct an analysis of how vaccine refusal, measured by the use of nonmedical exemptions (based on personal or religious beliefs) from vaccination (NMEs), evolved across space and over time in California. METHODS: Using school-entry data from the California Department of Public Health, we examined NMEs for students entering kindergarten in California from 2000 to 2013...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673135/factors-associated-with-hpv-vaccine-refusal-among-young-adult-women-after-ten-years-of-vaccine-implementation
#8
Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Tiziana Francesca Fazio, Nicolò Casuccio, Claudio D'Angelo, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
In Italy, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was implemented for twelve years old girls in 2007, but its coverage was lower than the recommended level. Sicily is one of the Italian administrative regions with lower vaccination coverage, with a value of 59% for those born in 1996 increasing to 62% coverage for those born in 1999. The aim of the study was to investigate factors associated with the refusal of HPV vaccination among young adult women of Palermo, Italy. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Policlinico “Paolo Giaccone” Hospital (Palermo 1) and the questionnaire was validated in a convenience sample representing 10% of the young women...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579207/implementation-of-a-human-papillomavirus-screen-and-treat-model-in-mwanza-tanzania-training-local-healthcare-workers-for-sustainable-impact
#9
Megan Bernstein, Anjali Hari, Sahil Aggarwal, Debora Lee, Allison Farfel, Priya Patel, Kaavya Raman, Shella Raja, Reece Fenning, Mark Lieber, William Minteer, Sean Denny, Maureen Ries
Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the development of a 1-wk screening campaign and efforts towards the implementation of a sustainable system that addresses cervical cancer in Mwanza, Tanzania with a screen-and-treat model utilizing visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy. Methods: In partnership with CureCervicalCancer (CCC), a non-profit organization based in Los Angeles, CA, USA, 11 medical students at the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine established a model for sustainable human papillomavirus screening practices in Mwanza, Tanzania...
March 22, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567438/intentional-tanning-among-adolescents-in-seven-canadian-provinces-provincial-comparisons-crays-2015
#10
V Nadalin, L D Marrett, C Cawley, L M Minaker, S Manske
This report explores intentional tanning behaviors among Canadian high school students in light of provincial restrictions on UV tanning device use among youth. Data are from the Cancer Risk Assessment in Youth Survey (CRAYS), collected from January to December 2015, at randomly selected high schools in 7 provinces. Relevant variables were: tanning methods ever used, demographics, and location and refusal of UV tanning device (beds, lamps) use in the past 12 months. Data were weighted so total survey weights by male/female, grade and province equal actual enrolments in these groups...
March 19, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565796/the-bedside-capacity-assessment-tool-further-development-of-a-clinical-tool-to-assist-with-a-growing-aging-population-with-increased-healthcare-complexities
#11
Maria Torroella Carney, Brian Emmert, Brian Keefer
BACKGROUND: As the population of the United States ages, chronic diseases increase and treatment options become technologically more complicated. As such, patients' autonomy, or the right of patients to accept or refuse a medical treatment, may become a more pressing and complicated issue. This autonomy rests upon a patient's capacity to make a decision. As more older, cognitively and functionally impaired individuals enter healthcare systems, quality assessments of decision-making capacity must be made...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558923/assessing-the-acceptability-of-incentivising-hpv-vaccination-consent-form-return-as-a-means-of-increasing-uptake
#12
Lauren Rockliffe, Amanda J Chorley, Emily McBride, Jo Waller, Alice S Forster
BACKGROUND: Uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is high overall but there are disparities in uptake, particularly by ethnicity. Incentivising vaccination consent form return is a promising approach to increase vaccination uptake. As part of a randomised feasibility trial we qualitatively assessed the acceptability of increasing uptake of HPV vaccination by incentivising consent form return. METHODS: In the context of a two-arm, cluster randomised feasibility trial, qualitative free-text questionnaire responses were collected from adolescent girls (n = 181) and their parents (n = 61), assessing the acceptability of an incentive intervention to increase HPV vaccination consent form return...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529004/one-brace-one-visit-treatment-of-pediatric-distal-radius-buckle-fractures-with-a-removable-wrist-brace-and-no-follow-up-visit
#13
Megan H M Kuba, Byron H Izuka
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have showed the efficacy of removable brace treatment for distal radius buckle fractures in children, whereas others have independently suggested that these injuries do not require additional radiographic imaging. However, no study has sought to collectively determine whether treating pediatric distal radius buckle fractures with a removable brace and no follow-up visit or imaging after the initial visit is a safe and satisfactory protocol. METHODS: In total, 42 consecutive patients with a distal forearm buckle fracture seen by a single fellowship trained pediatric orthopaedic surgeon were eligible to participate...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475761/the-evolution-of-immunization-waiver-education-in-michigan-a-qualitative-study-of-vaccine-educators
#14
Mark C Navin, Andrea T Kozak, Emily C Clark
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Michigan implemented an education requirement for parents who requested nonmedical exemptions from school or daycare immunization mandates. Michigan required parents to receive education from public health staff, unlike other states, whose vaccine education requirements could be completed online or at physicians' offices. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Results of focus group interviews with 39 of Michigan's vaccine waiver educators, conducted during 2016 and 2017, were analyzed to identify themes describing educators' experiences of waiver education...
March 20, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465054/evaluation-of-the-school-environment-of-public-and-private-schools-in-enugu-to-ensure-child-health-promotion
#15
A I Bisi-Onyemaechi, N A Akani, A N Ikefuna, B N Tagbo, J M Chinawa
Objectives: Poor maintenance of school environment can cause or worsen illnesses among schoolchildren. The objective of this study was to assess the healthfulness of school environments of primary schools in Enugu East, Nigeria, and to compare the difference if any between public and private schools. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional noninterventional study of the school environments in Enugu East, Nigeria. Methods: Multistage sampling method was used to select the sample population...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450705/modeling-competence-development-in-the-presence-of-selection-bias
#16
Sabine Zinn, Timo Gnambs
A major challenge for representative longitudinal studies is panel attrition, because some respondents refuse to continue participating across all measurement waves. Depending on the nature of this selection process, statistical inferences based on the observed sample can be biased. Therefore, statistical analyses need to consider a missing-data mechanism. Because each missing-data model hinges on frequently untestable assumptions, sensitivity analyses are indispensable to gauging the robustness of statistical inferences...
February 15, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441002/aggression-profiles-in-the-spanish-child-population-differences-in-perfectionism-school-refusal-and-affect
#17
María Vicent, Cándido J Inglés, Ricardo Sanmartín, Carolina Gonzálvez, José Manuel García-Fernández
The aim of this study was to identify the existence of combinations of aggression components (Anger, Hostility, Physical Aggression and Verbal Aggression) that result in different profiles of aggressive behavior in children, as well as to test the differences between these profiles in scores of perfectionism, school refusal and affect. It is interesting to analyze these variables given: (a) their clinical relevance due to their close relationship with the overall psychopathology; and (b) the need for further evidence regarding how they are associated with aggressive behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432915/measuring-adolescent-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-development-and-validation-of-the-drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-questionnaire-shortened-adolescent-version-drseq-sra
#18
Kiri Patton, Jason P Connor, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Timo Dietrich, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and validate a shortened version of the Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised Adolescent version (DRSEQ-RA) using a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Secondary school students (N = 2609, M = 14.52 years, SD = 0.94) completed the DRSEQ-RA (consisting of subscales: Social Pressure; Opportunistic; Emotional Relief) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). These data were analysed using non-parametric item response theory (NIRT) including Mokken scalability coefficients, and confirmatory factor analysis...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#19
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407534/social-and-academic-functioning-in-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jasmijn M de Lijster, Gwen C Dieleman, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Bram Dierckx, Milou Wierenga, Frank C Verhulst, Jeroen S Legerstee
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent during adolescence. Although literature points out that anxiety symptoms are related to problems in social and academic functioning, the extent of these problems among adolescents with clinical anxiety disorders has not been systematically reviewed before. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched up to October 2017, with keywords representing anxiety disorders, adolescents, and social or academic functioning...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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