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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074382/engaging-hmong-adults-in-genomic%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-pharmacogenomic-research-toward-reducing-health-disparities-in-genomic-knowledge-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#1
Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Robert J Straka, MaiKia Moua, Youssef Roman, Pachia Vue, Kang Xiaaj, May Xia Lo, Mai Lor
Advancing precision medicine relies in part on examining populations that may exhibit unique genetic variants that impact clinical outcomes. Failure to include diverse populations in genomic-based research represents a health disparity. We implemented a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process with the Hmong community in Minnesota, who were refugees from Laos, in order to assess the feasibility of conducting genomic and pharmacogenomic-based research for genetic variants that are relevant to the Hmong community...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032084/prevalence-of-tobacco-use-and-its-contributing-factors-among-adolescents-in-bangladesh-results-from-a-population-based-study
#2
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, A K M Mainuddin, Faiz Ahmed Bhuiyan, Kamrun Nahar Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is an alarming public health problem worldwide and causes significant morbidity and mortality. In many developing countries tobacco use starts at a relative younger age. However, data on tobacco use among adolescents in Bangladesh is scarce. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use and its contributing factors among adolescents in Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) Bangladesh 2007 which was a school-based survey of 2,135 students aged 13-15 years in grades 7-10...
October 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991690/associations-between-mothers-active-engagement-with-infants-at-6%C3%A2-months-and-children-s-adjustment-to-school-life-at-ages-5-5-and-11%C3%A2-years
#3
T Kato, T Fujiwara, I Kawachi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, students' poor adjustment to school life such as school refusals has been recognized as a nation-wide problem. In this study, we examined the link between the absence of mothers' active engagement with their infants at 6 months and children's risks of poor adjustment toward elementary school life at the ages of 5.5 and 11. METHODS: We used a Japanese national longitudinal survey (n = 43 132) with 11 years of follow-up. Because of social patterning in how mothers engage with their infants, we employed propensity score matching analyses to control for confounding by socio-economic and other factors...
December 19, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980375/cross-sectional-study-investigating-the-differences-in-knowledge-and-behaviors-about-hpv-between-vaccinated-and-non-vaccinated-girls
#4
REVIEW
M R Gualano, M Stillo, M V Mussa, C M Zotti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the presents study was to compare the level of knowledge about Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in vaccinated and non-vaccinated girls and to highlight the reasons why non-vaccinated girls refuse vaccination. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2012 to June 2013 in Turin (Piemonte Region, Italy). Questionnaires were administered to girls attending secondary and high schools randomly selected. RESULTS: A total of 576 were compiled...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968836/effects-of-a-peer-assisted-tai-chi-qigong-programme-on-social-isolation-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-chinese-hidden-elders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Aileen W K Chan, Doris S F Yu, K C Choi, Helen Y L Chan, Eliza M L Wong
BACKGROUND: The term hidden elder is used in Chinese society to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. Substantial evidence has indicated the important role of social isolation in increasing psychiatric morbidity and mortality risks in later life. Innovative service is promptly needed to address the social and psychological health needs of hidden elders. We aimed to test the feasibility and the preliminary effectiveness of a peer-assisted tai-chi-qigong programme in strengthening social networks and enhancing psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese hidden elders...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917484/to-consent-or-decline-hpv-vaccination-a-pilot-study-at-the-start-of-the-national-school-based-vaccination-program-in-sweden
#6
Maria Grandahl, Tanja Tydén, Ragnar Westerling, Tryggve Nevéus, Andreas Rosenblad, Erik Hedin, Marie Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model. METHODS: The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904426/a-survey-of-iron-supplementation-consumption-and-its-related-factors-in-high-school-students-in-southeast-iran-2015
#7
Mohammad Khammarnia, Zahra Amani, Mahsa Hajmohammadi, Alireza Ansari-Moghadam, Marzieh Eslahi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of iron supplement consumption and its associated factors among high school students in Iran. METHODS: A mixed-methods (quantitative-qualitative) study was conducted in Zahedan, southeast Iran, in 2015. The sample comprised 400 high school students from different areas of Zahedan who were randomly selected. A standard questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to collect data in the quantitative and qualitative phases, respectively...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866918/-children-and-adolescents-anxiety-disorders
#8
H Denis, A Baghdadli
Anxiety disorders were long underestimated in children by healthcare professionals, but they are now better diagnosed. They account for the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis between 6 and 18 years of age, with differences in prevalence or risk factors related to the clinical forms. Different clinical subtypes of anxiety disorders are detailed in this article: separation anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and obsessional-compulsive disorder...
January 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854538/parental-refusal-of-childhood-vaccines-and-medical-neglect-laws
#9
Efthimios Parasidis, Douglas J Opel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of vaccine refusal and medical neglect under child welfare laws. METHODS: We used the Westlaw legal database to search court opinions from 1905 to 2016 and identified cases in which vaccine refusal was the sole or a primary reason in a neglect proceeding. We also delineated if religious or philosophical exemptions from required school immunizations were available at the time of adjudication. RESULTS: Our search yielded 9 cases from 5 states...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797697/evaluation-of-an-australian-alcohol-media-literacy-program
#10
Chloe S Gordon, Steven J Howard, Sandra C Jones, Lisa K Kervin
OBJECTIVE: A 10-lesson alcohol media literacy program was developed, underpinned by the message interpretation processing model, inoculation theory, and constructivist learning theory, and was tailored to be culturally relevant to the Australian context. This program aimed to increase students' media deconstruction skills and reduce intent to drink alcohol. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program in achieving these goals through a short-term quasi-experimental trial...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785662/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-interactive-middle-school-cannabis-prevention-programs
#11
Steven E Lize, Aidyn L Iachini, Weizhou Tang, Joshua Tucker, Kristen D Seay, Stephanie Clone, Dana DeHart, Teri Browne
This meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of interactive middle school-based drug prevention programs on adolescent cannabis use in North America, as well as program characteristics that could moderate these effects. Interactive programs, compared to more didactic, lecture style programs, involve participants in skill-building activities and focus on interaction among participants. A systematic literature search was conducted for English-language studies from January 1998 to March 2014. Studies included evaluations using random assignment or a quasi-experimental design of interactive school-based substance use prevention programs delivered to adolescents (aged 12-14) in North American middle schools (grades 6-8)...
October 27, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767368/cigarette-smoking-status-among-latino-hispanic-middle-and-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#12
Mansoo Yu, Paulette E Chavez, René Olate, Clark Peters
Although Latino/Hispanic adolescent substance use is a growing research area in the United States, there is little research examining the prevalence and factors associated with adolescent cigarette smoking status in this population. A nationally representative sample of 5,929 middle and high Latino/Hispanic students in the 2009 US National Youth Tobacco Survey was selected to assess the prevalence and various risk and protective factors associated with cigarette smoking status. Results revealed one in five (20%) were experimental smokers, nearly one in eleven (8...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767230/a-school-based-programme-for-tobacco-and-alcohol-prevention-in-special-education-effectiveness-of-the-modified-healthy-school-and-drugs-intervention-and-moderation-by-school-subtype
#13
Abdullah Turhan, Simone A Onrust, Peter M Ten Klooster, Marcel E Pieterse
AIMS: To test the effectiveness of the Healthy School and Drugs (HSD) programme on tobacco and alcohol use in Dutch secondary special education (SE) schools, and whether this depends upon subtypes of SE schools and the level of implementation. DESIGN: In a quasi-experimental design with baseline and post-treatment follow-up, 363 students were allocated arbitrarily or depending on teacher motivation to either intervention condition (n = 205) or usual curriculum (n = 158)...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705547/pathology-analysis-for-mesothelioma-study-in-the-united-kingdom-current-practice-and-historical-development
#14
B W Case
Following up on the largest case-control study of malignant mesothelioma yet performed, investigators at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine assessed 1732 male and 670 female cases as of May 2013. Epidemiological findings of a subset of these were published previously, excluding patients who died or who refused to be interviewed. Pathology reports were collected for subjects, including those both eligible and ineligible for epidemiology study based on vital status. The current investigation examined 860 cases having pathology reports available...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658738/the-state-of-vaccine-confidence-2016-global-insights-through-a-67-country-survey
#15
Heidi J Larson, Alexandre de Figueiredo, Zhao Xiahong, William S Schulz, Pierre Verger, Iain G Johnston, Alex R Cook, Nick S Jones
BACKGROUND: Public trust in immunization is an increasingly important global health issue. Losses in confidence in vaccines and immunization programmes can lead to vaccine reluctance and refusal, risking disease outbreaks and challenging immunization goals in high- and low-income settings. National and international immunization stakeholders have called for better monitoring of vaccine confidence to identify emerging concerns before they evolve into vaccine confidence crises. METHODS: We perform a large-scale, data-driven study on worldwide attitudes to immunizations...
October 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#16
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642267/gender-focused-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention-for-school-going-adolescents-the-mpondombili-pilot-intervention-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
Abigail Harrison, Susie Hoffman, Joanne E Mantell, Jennifer A Smit, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Theresa M Exner, Zena A Stein
: This pilot study evaluated a 15 session classroom intervention for HIV and pregnancy prevention among grade 8-10 boys and girls (ages 14-17) in rural South Africa, guided by gender-empowerment theory and implemented by teachers, nurses, and youth peer educators. Pre- and post-intervention surveys included 933 male and female students in two intervention and two comparison schools. MAIN OUTCOME: condom use at last sex; secondary outcomes: partner communication; gender beliefs and values; perceived peer behaviors; self-efficacy for safer sex...
2016: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625580/attitudes-and-perceptions-towards-hpv-vaccination-among-young-women-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Aneela N Hussain, Abdullah Alkhenizan, Patricia McWalter, Nusrat Qazi, Amal Alshmassi, Samina Farooqi, Ahmed Abdulkarim
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer can be reduced by effective vaccination. Saudi Food and Drug Administration approved prophylactic HPV vaccine in 2010 for females of 11-26 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine the awareness of HPV infection, its health sequel and the attitude and barriers to the acceptance of HPV vaccine by young women in Saudi Arabia. Dynamics influencing the decision of patients and parents regarding vaccination were assessed to foster effective and strategically focused interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616560/variation-in-common-preschool-sleep-problems-as-an-early-predictor-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptom-severity-across-time
#19
Diana J Whalen, Kirsten E Gilbert, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Andy C Belden
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychopathology has been linked to increased sleep problems, but there has been less investigation of this relationship in younger samples with early-onset psychopathology. This study examined three specific but commonly observed aspects of sleep behaviors in young children - (i) Sleep onset latency, (ii) Refusal to sleep alone, and (iii) Nighttime awakenings - measured during preschool, and investigated whether these sleep problems predicted anxiety and/or depression across the next 6 years until school age (ages 9-13)...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601332/women-in-cancer-profile-a-gender-agenda
#20
Charlotte L Bevan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
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