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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904426/a-survey-of-iron-supplementation-consumption-and-its-related-factors-in-high-school-students-in-southeast-iran-2015
#1
Mohammad Khammarnia, Zahra Amani, Mahsa Hajmohammadi, Alireza Ansari-Moghadam, Marzieh Eslahi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of iron supplement consumption and its associated factors among high school students in Iran. METHODS: A mixed-methods (quantitative-qualitative) study was conducted in Zahedan, southeast Iran, in 2015. The sample comprised 400 high school students from different areas of Zahedan who were randomly selected. A standard questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to collect data in the quantitative and qualitative phases, respectively...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866918/-children-and-adolescents-anxiety-disorders
#2
H Denis, A Baghdadli
Anxiety disorders were long underestimated in children by healthcare professionals, but they are now better diagnosed. They account for the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis between 6 and 18 years of age, with differences in prevalence or risk factors related to the clinical forms. Different clinical subtypes of anxiety disorders are detailed in this article: separation anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and obsessional-compulsive disorder...
November 17, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854538/parental-refusal-of-childhood-vaccines-and-medical-neglect-laws
#3
Efthimios Parasidis, Douglas J Opel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of vaccine refusal and medical neglect under child welfare laws. METHODS: We used the Westlaw legal database to search court opinions from 1905 to 2016 and identified cases in which vaccine refusal was the sole or a primary reason in a neglect proceeding. We also delineated if religious or philosophical exemptions from required school immunizations were available at the time of adjudication. RESULTS: Our search yielded 9 cases from 5 states...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797697/evaluation-of-an-australian-alcohol-media-literacy-program
#4
Chloe S Gordon, Steven J Howard, Sandra C Jones, Lisa K Kervin
OBJECTIVE: A 10-lesson alcohol media literacy program was developed, underpinned by the message interpretation processing model, inoculation theory, and constructivist learning theory, and was tailored to be culturally relevant to the Australian context. This program aimed to increase students' media deconstruction skills and reduce intent to drink alcohol. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program in achieving these goals through a short-term quasi-experimental trial...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785662/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-interactive-middle-school-cannabis-prevention-programs
#5
Steven E Lize, Aidyn L Iachini, Weizhou Tang, Joshua Tucker, Kristen D Seay, Stephanie Clone, Dana DeHart, Teri Browne
This meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of interactive middle school-based drug prevention programs on adolescent cannabis use in North America, as well as program characteristics that could moderate these effects. Interactive programs, compared to more didactic, lecture style programs, involve participants in skill-building activities and focus on interaction among participants. A systematic literature search was conducted for English-language studies from January 1998 to March 2014. Studies included evaluations using random assignment or a quasi-experimental design of interactive school-based substance use prevention programs delivered to adolescents (aged 12-14) in North American middle schools (grades 6-8)...
October 27, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767368/cigarette-smoking-status-among-latino-hispanic-middle-and-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#6
Mansoo Yu, Paulette E Chavez, René Olate, Clark Peters
Although Latino/Hispanic adolescent substance use is a growing research area in the United States, there is little research examining the prevalence and factors associated with adolescent cigarette smoking status in this population. A nationally representative sample of 5,929 middle and high Latino/Hispanic students in the 2009 US National Youth Tobacco Survey was selected to assess the prevalence and various risk and protective factors associated with cigarette smoking status. Results revealed one in five (20%) were experimental smokers, nearly one in eleven (8...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767230/a-school-based-program-for-tobacco-and-alcohol-prevention-in-special-education-effectiveness-of-the-modified-healthy-school-and-drugs-intervention-and-moderation-by-school-subtype
#7
Abdullah Turhan, Simone Onrust, Peter Ten Klooster, Marcel Pieterse
AIMS: To test effectiveness of the Healthy School and Drugs (HSD) program on tobacco and alcohol use in Dutch secondary special education (SE) schools, and whether this depends on subtypes of SE-schools and the level of implementation. DESIGN: In a quasi-experimental design with baseline and post-treatment follow-up 35 classes (N = 363) were allocated arbitrarily or depending on teacher motivation to either intervention condition (N = 205) or usual curriculum (N = 158)...
October 21, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705547/pathology-analysis-for-mesothelioma-study-in-the-united-kingdom-current-practice-and-historical-development
#8
B W Case
Following up on the largest case-control study of malignant mesothelioma yet performed, investigators at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine assessed 1732 male and 670 female cases as of May 2013. Epidemiological findings of a subset of these were published previously, excluding patients who died or who refused to be interviewed. Pathology reports were collected for subjects, including those both eligible and ineligible for epidemiology study based on vital status. The current investigation examined 860 cases having pathology reports available...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658738/the-state-of-vaccine-confidence-2016-global-insights-through-a-67-country-survey
#9
Heidi J Larson, Alexandre de Figueiredo, Zhao Xiahong, William S Schulz, Pierre Verger, Iain G Johnston, Alex R Cook, Nick S Jones
BACKGROUND: Public trust in immunization is an increasingly important global health issue. Losses in confidence in vaccines and immunization programmes can lead to vaccine reluctance and refusal, risking disease outbreaks and challenging immunization goals in high- and low-income settings. National and international immunization stakeholders have called for better monitoring of vaccine confidence to identify emerging concerns before they evolve into vaccine confidence crises. METHODS: We perform a large-scale, data-driven study on worldwide attitudes to immunizations...
September 13, 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#10
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642267/gender-focused-hiv-and-pregnancy-prevention-for-school-going-adolescents-the-mpondombili-pilot-intervention-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#11
Abigail Harrison, Susie Hoffman, Joanne E Mantell, Jennifer A Smit, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Theresa M Exner, Zena A Stein
: This pilot study evaluated a 15 session classroom intervention for HIV and pregnancy prevention among grade 8-10 boys and girls (ages 14-17) in rural South Africa, guided by gender-empowerment theory and implemented by teachers, nurses, and youth peer educators. Pre- and post-intervention surveys included 933 male and female students in two intervention and two comparison schools. MAIN OUTCOME: condom use at last sex; secondary outcomes: partner communication; gender beliefs and values; perceived peer behaviors; self-efficacy for safer sex...
2016: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625580/attitudes-and-perceptions-towards-hpv-vaccination-among-young-women-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Aneela N Hussain, Abdullah Alkhenizan, Patricia McWalter, Nusrat Qazi, Amal Alshmassi, Samina Farooqi, Ahmed Abdulkarim
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer can be reduced by effective vaccination. Saudi Food and Drug Administration approved prophylactic HPV vaccine in 2010 for females of 11-26 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine the awareness of HPV infection, its health sequel and the attitude and barriers to the acceptance of HPV vaccine by young women in Saudi Arabia. Dynamics influencing the decision of patients and parents regarding vaccination were assessed to foster effective and strategically focused interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616560/variation-in-common-preschool-sleep-problems-as-an-early-predictor-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptom-severity-across-time
#13
Diana J Whalen, Kirsten E Gilbert, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Andy C Belden
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychopathology has been linked to increased sleep problems, but there has been less investigation of this relationship in younger samples with early-onset psychopathology. This study examined three specific but commonly observed aspects of sleep behaviors in young children - (i) Sleep onset latency, (ii) Refusal to sleep alone, and (iii) Nighttime awakenings - measured during preschool, and investigated whether these sleep problems predicted anxiety and/or depression across the next 6 years until school age (ages 9-13)...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601332/a-gender-agenda
#14
Charlotte Bevan
Extract: Growing up, I never understood why so many people professed to have no interest in science. How could understanding how things work not be the most fascinating thing? And how we, as organisms, develop and function (or fail to) seemed to me the most fascinating thing of all. One of my most inspiring school teachers was the head of Biology and 6th-form, Dr Chris Haworth, who undertook to nurture my ambition to gain a place at "Oxbridge" (no-one from our comprehensive school in the far north of England had previously gone to either Cambridge or Oxford)...
September 6, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485100/augmenting-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-school-refusal-with-fluoxetine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Glenn A Melvin, Amanda L Dudley, Michael S Gordon, Ester Klimkeit, Eleonora Gullone, John Taffe, Bruce J Tonge
This study investigates whether the augmentation of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with fluoxetine improves outcomes in anxious school refusing adolescents (11-16.5 years). Sixty-two participants were randomly allocated to CBT alone, CBT + fluoxetine or CBT + placebo. All treatments were well tolerated; with one suicide-attempt in the CBT + placebo group. All groups improved significantly on primary (school attendance) and secondary outcome measures (anxiety, depression, self-efficacy and clinician-rated global functioning); with gains largely maintained at 6-months and 1-year...
August 2, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456534/gendered-perceptions-of-drugs-aggression-and-violence
#16
Susana Helm, Scott K Okamoto
Drug use has been linked empirically with aggression and violence among youth in national and State of Hawai'i samples. In addition, aggression and violence appear to be gendered experiences perceived differently by girls and boys. This article explores the intersection of drug offers/drug refusals with aggression and violence with specific attention paid to gendered perceptions of drug use situations as a context for aggression and violence. A qualitative study, in which 14 sex-specific focus group discussions were held, focused on rural Native Hawaiian middle school students (N = 64)...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355889/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-related-impulsivity-and-cyberbullying-in-social-media
#17
Marie Reilly, Jason Fogler, Ellen Selkie, Marilyn Augustyn
Sarah is a 13-year-old eighth grader who was recently diagnosed for the first time with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-inattentive type, and the family elected to treat her with behavioral interventions to help her organization and attention. She had struggled with distractibility and disorganization since the fourth grade. At home, Sarah's mother described her as "spacey" and unable to complete the morning routine without constant supervision. Over time, her mother observed that it seemed as if Sarah had given up on school...
July 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352465/feasibility-utility-and-impact-of-a-national-dental-epidemiological-survey-of-three-year-old-children-in-england-2013
#18
G M Davies, J Neville, D Wilcox
UNLABELLED: Dental epidemiological surveys of children often focus on caries levels of five-year-olds as they are accessible and amenable to examination. Standardised surveys of this age group have been successfully carried out in the UK for many years. If improvements to caries level at age five are to be made then it is important to know when caries develops in the preceding years and what the likely causes are. This paper reports on the feasibility, utility and impact of a standardised survey of three-year-old children which took place in England...
June 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344291/hurdles-to-herd-immunity-distrust-of-government-and-vaccine-refusal-in-the-us-2002-2003
#19
Charlotte Lee, Kathryn Whetten, Saad Omer, William Pan, Daniel Salmon
High rates of nonmedical exemptions (NMEs) from required childhood vaccinations have contributed to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles and pertussis. Understanding the parental decision to obtain an NME could help health professionals and public health programs improve vaccination rates in areas with high vaccine refusal. Using a 2002-2003 multi-state survey of parents of school age children (​n=2445), this study found that parental distrust of the government and of healthcare providers is a significant factor related to a number of vaccine-related beliefs and behaviors...
July 25, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
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