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Puncture Wound

Yu Tsukanov
BACKGROUND: To study the possibility of minimization of the skin incisions up to a puncture size at stripping by Mayo with the use of the stripper with an oval-ring head for large-diameter veins. METHODS: The problem is solved due to the geometrical changing of the stripper head from a round to an oval one. The laboratory experiment showed that with a vein diameter of 10-20 mm the total cross-sectional area of its walls constituted 13.61 mm2, with a diameter of more than 20 mm it was 19...
March 15, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Yidan Zhang, Wei Guo, Xiaodong Tang, Rongli Yang, Taiqiang Yan, Sen Dong, Shidong Wang, Nikolas Zaphiros
BACKGROUND: Although aortic balloon occlusion has been shown to reduce blood loss during sacral tumor resections, it has not been validated in larger sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine. If such an approach were shown to be associated with less blood loss, it might aid the tumor surgeon in resecting these difficult tumors. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the use of aortic balloon occlusion associated with reduced blood loss in sacral tumor resections when the lower lumbar spine is also involved? (2) Does the use of the aortic balloon prolong total operating time? (3) What complications are associated with the use of a balloon? METHODS: We retrospectively studied all 56 patients diagnosed with sacral tumors involving the lower lumbar spine (L4, L5) who were treated surgically between 2004 and 2015 at our institute...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Nichole MacPhee, Anne Savage, Nikolas Noton, Eilidh Beattie, Louise Milne, Joanna Fraser
Bows and arrows are used more for recreation, sport and hunting in the Western world and tend not to be as popular a weapon as firearms or knives. Yet there are still injuries and fatalities caused by these low-velocity weapons due to their availability to the public and that a licence is not required to own them. This study aimed to highlight the penetration capabilities of aluminium arrows into soft tissue and bones in the presence of clothing. Further from that, how the type and fit of clothing as well as arrowhead type contribute to penetration capacity...
March 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
Mari Matoba, Toshitaka Takagi, Hiroyuki Tsujimoto, Yuki Ozamoto, Jo Ueda, Akeo Hagiwara
Postoperative air leaks remain a major cause of morbidity after lung resection. This study evaluated the effect of a combination of polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet and alginate gel on pulmonary air leaks in rats. Four pulmonary sealing materials were evaluated in lung injury: fibrin glue, combination of PGA sheet and fibrin glue, alginate gel, and combination of PGA sheet and alginate gel. With the airway pressure maintained at 20 cmH2 O, a 2 mm deep puncture wound was created on the lung surface using a needle...
2018: BioMed Research International
Oliver Vincent Cawley, Anna S Walsh, Imran Asghar, Hans U Desmarowitz, George A Antoniou
Dog bites in the upper limbs have particular significance, as despite the small size of the puncture wounds, penetration is deep, causing serious injuries to deeper structures. There is currently very little data relating to upper extremity dog bite arterial injury. We present the case of a 32-year-old man who sustained a dog bite injury to his right arm, leading to direct puncture and spasm of the brachial artery. He was successfully treated with a jump bypass graft to the right brachial artery, with the use of the reversed ipsilateral cephalic vein as a conduit...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, E N Leonova
Russia joined the Bologna process in 2003 and since that time has become integrated into the unified European educational space. The key element of the new form of the higher education process is the self-guided unsupervised work of the students. Motivation is needed to promote the involvement of the students in the educational process which implies the necessity of the goal-oriented initiative for the acquisition of professional knowledge and practical experience in the field of forensic medicine. To achieve this goal, the Department of Forensic Medicine of I...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Ryosuke Fujinaka, Takeshi Urade, Eiji Fukuoka, Koichi Murata, Yasuhiko Mii, Hidehiro Sawa, Mariko Man-I, Shigeteru Oka, Yoshiteru Iwatani, Daisuke Kuroda
BACKGROUND: Many surgical techniques have been developed to treat inguinal hernia. In recent years, the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach has been widely performed to repair inguinal hernia. Giant inguinal hernia (GIH) is an extremely rare disease that is a challenge for general surgeons. GIH appears when patients neglect the treatment for many years and it is defined as an inguinal hernia that extends below the midpoint of inner thigh in standing position. According to previous publications, the Lichtenstein tension-free hernioplasty is recommended to repair GIH...
January 20, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Yazeed Barghouthy, Vasileios Kourmpetis, Snir Dekalo, Yuval Bar-Yosef, Simon Conti, Alexander Greenstein, Mario Sofer
OBJECTIVE: Nephrostomy tubes (NT) inserted in emergency settings by interventional radiologists are frequently unsuitable for subsequent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We report a novel method of adjusting these NTs to be used as PCNL tracts and avoid renal re-puncture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective search of 981 consecutive PCNLs performed in our institution between 2002-2017 identified all patients with preoperatively inserted NTs. The NTs unsuitable for PCNL were adjusted by a novel approach in which a 5-mm incision was made at the ideal puncture location (IPL) as indicated under fluoroscopic guidance...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Yifeng Han, Xindong Fan, Lixin Su, Zhenfeng Wang
PURPOSE: To assess treatment methods, interim results, and complications of absolute ethanol embolization combined with surgical resection of scalp arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2012 to January 2015, 15 consecutive patients (8 male and 7 female) with scalp AVMs underwent staged ethanol embolizations. Ethanol embolization was performed using transcatheter and/or direct puncture techniques. Ten patients with scalp AVMs with a dominant outflow vein (DOV) also underwent coil deployment before ethanol embolization...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Axel Kramer, Joachim Dissemond, Simon Kim, Christian Willy, Dieter Mayer, Roald Papke, Felix Tuchmann, Ojan Assadian
Wound antisepsis has undergone a renaissance due to the introduction of highly effective wound-compatible antimicrobial agents and the spread of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). However, a strict indication must be set for the application of these agents. An infected or critically colonized wound must be treated antiseptically. In addition, systemic antibiotic therapy is required in case the infection spreads. If applied preventively, the Wounds-at-Risk Score allows an assessment of the risk for infection and thus appropriateness of the indication...
2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
Sumika Miyabashira Tanaka, Takayuki Imamura, Miho Fujimoto, Akitoshi Ohno, Tsunefumi Kobayashi, Noriko Shinya
PURPOSE: Fibrin sealants are used for hemostasis during surgery. Commercially available fibrin sealants are made of materials of human or animal origin. We developed a novel recombinant fibrin sealant patch (KTF-374) that has thin and flexible properties. This study evaluated the hemostatic efficacy of KTF-374 for various patterns of bleeding in rabbits, as compared with that of the existing fibrin-coated collagen fleece (FCCF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Test hemostats used were KTF-374 and FCCF...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Xifeng Fei, Yi Wan, Zhimin Wang, Hanchun Chen, Dongyi Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The proportion of the super-aged population (at the age of 80 or above) in patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and the incidence of CSDH of the population have been increasing. Since it is widely accepted that YL-1 needle is effective in CSDH treatment, this paper aimed to probe into the efficacy of YL-1 needle in minimally invasive surgery for super-aged (at the age of 80-90) CSDH patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis on the clinical information of 17 super-aged CSDH patients having received the YL-1 needle puncture treatment provided by the hospital from May 2012 to December 2016 was performed...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Igor Yankin, Michael Schaer, Matthew Johnson, Tessa Meland, Leonel A Londoño
Case summary: A 4-year-old female spayed, indoor/outdoor domestic mediumhair cat presented with multiple bleeding puncture wounds and hemorrhagic shock. The cat was diagnosed with suspected pit viper envenomation based on the location and appearance of the bite wounds, as well as the presence of severe coagulopathy with prolonged activated coagulation time (762 s), which responded to antivenom administration. The clinical course of the cat was unique owing to the prolonged clinical signs of envenomation that appeared as intermittent coagulopathy and hemorrhage over a 2 week period...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
Georgia Kaklamani, David Cheneler, Liam M Grover, Michael J Adams, Spiros H Anastasiadis, James Bowen
Efforts to develop tissue-engineered skin for regenerative medicine have explored natural, synthetic, and hybrid hydrogels. The creation of a bilayer material, with the stratification exhibited by native skin, is a complex problem. The mechanically robust, waterproof epidermis presents the stratum corneum at the tissue/air interface, which confers many of these protective properties. In this work, we explore the effect of high temperatures on alginate hydrogels, which are widely employed for tissue engineering due to their excellent mechanical properties and cellular compatibility...
December 2017: Progress in Biomaterials
Ashok Kumar, Meenu Mittal, Dhirendra Srivastava, Vipul Jaetli, Sunil Chaudhary
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular malformations accounting only 1.5% of all vascular anomalies with 50% occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region. It usually results from birth defects of the vasculature. A literature search revealed only few case reports of AVMs in the facial region. Lack of meticulous diagnosis, scarcity of knowledge, and paucity of literature can result in their exsanguinations leading to fatal hemorrhagic incidents after various dental procedures such as tooth extraction, surgical intervention, puncture wound, or blunt injury in involved area...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Kimberly S Khouri, Eufemiano Cardoso, Roger K Khouri
BACKGROUND: Puncture wounds in the 1-mm range usually heal without scars. Stacking rows of these punctures offers a scarless method to generate tissue by mesh expansion. The authors developed a percutaneous mesh expansion procedure and present their experience for its wound closure application. METHODS: Over a 6-year period, the authors applied percutaneous mesh expansion to 65 consecutive patients aged 58 to 101 years (mean, 72 years) with 67 full-thickness calvarial defects ranging in size from 2...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jurek Schultz, Susann Leupold, Xina Grählert, Roland Pfeiffer, Uta Schwanebeck, Percy Schröttner, Barbara Djawid, Wladislav Artsimovich, Karol Kozak, Guido Fitze
INTRODUCTION: Fingertip amputation injuries are common in all ages. Conservatively treated fingertips can regenerate skin and soft tissues to form a functionally and cosmetically excellent new fingertip. Little is known about this ability that, in humans, is confined to the fingertips. Even less is known about the role of the bacteria that regularly colonize these wounds without negative impact on regeneration and healing.As an alternative to surgery, self-adhesive film dressings are commonly used to establish a wet chamber around the injury...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yedidia Bentur, Sergey Altunin, Iris Levdov, Daniel Golani, Ehud Spanier, Dor Edelist, Yael Lurie
CONTEXT: Plotosus lineatus is a venomous fish that has migrated from the Indo-Pacific region to the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrant). Its presence in the Mediterranean Sea was first recorded in 2002 and was observed in growing schools. Its spines contain toxins with lytic, hemolytic and edematous activities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the injuries caused by Plotosus lineatus in the Southeastern Mediterranean Sea. METHODS: A prospective observational case series of consultations provided by a national Poison Center pertaining to Plotosus lineatus from 2007 to 2016...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Jason F Naylor, Erica M Simon, Andrew D Fisher, Cord W Cunningham, Daniel M Morissette, Jessie Renee D Fernandez, Kathy L Ryan
BACKGROUND: Thoracic trauma represents 5% of all battlefield injuries. Communicating pneumothoraces resulting in tension physiology remain an important etiology of prehospital mortality. In addressing penetrating chest trauma, current Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) guidelines advocate the immediate placement of a vented chest seal device. Although the Committee on TCCC (CoTCCC) has approved numerous chest seal devices for battlefield use, few data exist regarding their use in a combat zone setting...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Guohua Zeng, Wei Zhu, Yang Liu, Junhong Fan, Wayne Lam, Yu Lan, Chao Cai, Tuo Deng, Xiaohang Li, Zhijian Zhao
PURPOSE: The study sought to compare the procedural and clinical results of super-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SMP) with the use of first- and new-generation devices. METHODS: A prospective, comparative cohort study was carried out between February 2013 and January 2017. Patients who underwent either first- or new-generation SMP were eligible for the study. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with renal stone <4 cm, or in pediatric patients with renal stone <2...
November 2017: Journal of Endourology
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