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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731802/neurovascular-structures-at-risk-with-curved-retrograde-ttc-fusion-nails
#1
Cesar de Cesar Netto, David Johannesmeyer, Brent Cone, Ibukunoluwa Araoye, Parke William Hudson, Bahman Sahranavard, Michael Johnson, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of iatrogenic injury to plantar neurovascular structures of the foot during insertion of a curved retrograde tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) fusion nail. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten below-knee thawed fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens underwent curved retrograde nailing of the ankle. The shortest distance between the nail and the main plantar neurovascular branches and injured structures were recorded during dissection...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731548/oral-lacerations-during-motocross-a-case-report
#2
Shunsuke Hino, Akio Takeda, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
Motocross is a high-risk sport that can cause serious injuries including oral injuries. However, mouthguard use is not mandatory in motocross. This report describes a case of an oral laceration with exposure of bilateral inferior alveolar nerves as a result of a motocross accident in which the patient was not wearing a mouthguard. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730080/old-canalicular-laceration-repair-a-retrospective-study-of-the-curative-effects-and-prognostic-factors
#3
Fang Bai, Hai Tao, Yan Zhang, Peng Wang, Cui Han, Yi-Fei Huang, Ye Tao
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology and surgical outcomes of old canalicular laceration and analyze the variables impacting on the prognosis of reparation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all old canalicular laceration repairs from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 30, 2015 was performed. Analyzed data included demographics, mechanisms of injury, the time from injury to repair, causes for delayed repair, old associated injuries, the types of surgery, and the effects of repair using canaliculus anastomosis combined with bicanalicular stent intubation...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727872/fluid-leak-following-deep-midfacial-laceration
#4
Michelle Khan, Ahsen Hussein, Harmeet Gill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725123/polymicrobial-pyogenic-flexor-tenosynovitis-of-the-index-finger-and-first-ray-resulting-from-autophagia
#5
Andrew P Harris, Joey Johnson, Augusta Kluk, Neill Y Li, Avi D Goodman, Edward Akelman
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) is a well known infectious condition of the hand, involving the inoculation of the flexor tendon sheath with microorganisms. Many cases have been reported, common causes including direct inoculation by a puncture wound and deep lacerations extending into the flexor tendon sheath. In this report, we present a case of a 50 year old female with PFT resulting from autophagia (consuming one's own body parts, in our case, fingers) successfully treated with irrigation and debridement, amputation of the index finger at the metacarpophalangeal joint and antibiotic therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721929/obstetric-hemorrhages-at-the-chu-yalgado-ou%C3%A3-draogo-of-ouagadougou%C3%A2-etiological-therapeutic-and-prognostic-aspects
#6
D P Kain, R D Ajavon, H Zamané, S Kiemtore, Y A Sawadogo, I Ouédraogo
To evaluate the maternal and perinatal prognosis of obstetric hemorrhages in the maternity department of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou. This descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the four-month period from April through July 2015 included all women consulting on an emergency basis for vaginal bleeding during pregnancy at or after 28 weeks of gestation, or during labor, delivery, or the postpartum period. Obstetric hemorrhages accounted for 6% of admissions. The women's mean age was 27...
July 19, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720074/regeneration-of-long-distance-peripheral-nerve-defects-after-delayed-reconstruction-in-healthy-and-diabetic-rats-is-supported-by-immunomodulatory-chitosan-nerve-guides
#7
Lena Stenberg, Maria Stößel, Giulia Ronchi, Stefano Geuna, Yaobin Yin, Susanne Mommert, Lisa Mårtensson, Jennifer Metzen, Claudia Grothe, Lars B Dahlin, Kirsten Haastert-Talini
BACKGROUND: Delayed reconstruction of transection or laceration injuries of peripheral nerves is inflicted by a reduced regeneration capacity. Diabetic conditions, more frequently encountered in clinical practice, are known to further impair regeneration in peripheral nerves. Chitosan nerve guides (CNGs) have recently been introduced as a new generation of medical devices for immediate peripheral nerve reconstruction. Here, CNGs were used for 45 days delayed reconstruction of critical length 15 mm rat sciatic nerve defects in either healthy Wistar rats or diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats; the latter resembling type 2 diabetes...
July 18, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720041/burden-of-hand-maladies-in-us-emergency-departments
#8
David L Colen, Justin P Fox, Benjamin Chang, Ines C Lin
BACKGROUND: Hand conditions commonly present to the emergency department (ED), yet data are lacking regarding the magnitude of hand-related conditions in the emergency setting. The purpose of this study is to describe the burden and quantify the health care resource utilization of hand conditions seen in EDs across the United States. METHODS: Using the National Emergency Department Sample, we identified all ED encounters by patients at least 18 years of age that were associated with a hand condition in 2009 to 2012...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719989/table-saw-injuries-are-our-safety-features-really-keeping-us-safe
#9
Sarah E Smith, Ian Kendrick, Thomas Huntsman
BACKGROUND: Currently, table saws sold in the United States have 3 safety features (riving knife, blade guard, and antikickback device) designed to prevent personal injury; however, these features can hinder the user's movements and are often disabled or removed. Despite the frequency of table saw injuries, there is relatively limited literature regarding them. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational study of characteristics associated with injuries incurred while using a table saw...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718255/dural-tears-in-patients-with-depressed-skull-fractures
#10
Gul Muhammad, Ahsan Aurangzeb, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Iqbal Hussain, Sudhair Alam, Ehtisham Ahmed Khan Afridi, Baynazir Khan, Sajid Nazir Bhatti
BACKGROUND: The presence of skull fracture in patients sustaining traumatic brain injury is an important risk factor for intracranial lesions. Assessment of integrity of dura in depressed skull fracture is of paramount importance because if dura is torn, lacerated brain matter may be present in the wound which needs proper debridement followed by water tight dural closure to prevent meningitis, cerebral abscess, and pseudomeningocoele formation. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of dural tear in patients with depressed skull fractures...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717295/animal-inflicted-maxillofacial-injuries-treatment-modalities-and-our-experience
#11
Anjani Kumar Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Leeza Pradhan, Ashok Dongol, Arpita Singh, Pradeep Acharya, Alok Sagtani
INTRODUCTION: Animal inflicted injuries to the face and neck are becoming much more common as people lavish affection on pets. Injuries caused by animal attacks to the face can cause complex injuries to soft and hard tissues, presented as perforations, lacerations, crushes, avulsion or fractures. An uncountable number of bacteria and virus can be found in such injuries, with a potential pathological effect to humans, regarding infections. Although the infection rate is low due to excellent blood supply to face, the injuries have disfiguring effect with possible psychological repercussion to the patients...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715360/contemporary-management-of-subclavian-and-axillary-artery-injuries-a-western-trauma-association-multicenter-review
#12
Christine J Waller, Thomas H Cogbill, Kara J Kallies, Luis D Ramirez, Justin M Cardenas, S Rob Todd, Kayla J Chapman, Marshall A Beckman, Jason L Sperry, Vincent P Anto, Evert A Eriksson, Stuart M Leon, Rahul J Anand, Maura Pearlstein, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Clay Cothren Burlew, Charles J Fox, Daniel C Cullinane, Jennifer C Roberts, Paul B Harrison, Gina M Berg, James M Haan, Kelly Lightwine
BACKGROUND: Subclavian and axillary artery injuries are uncommon. In addition to many open vascular repairs, endovascular techniques are used for definitive repair or vascular control of these anatomically challenging injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the relative roles of endovascular and open techniques in the management of subclavian and axillary artery injuries comparing hospital outcomes, and long-term limb viability. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review of patients with subclavian or axillary artery injuries from 1/1/2004-12/31/2014 was completed at 11 participating Western Trauma Association institutions...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714058/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-pdgf-bb-delivery-strategies-on-tendon-healing-a-review
#13
O Evrova, J Buschmann
To promote and support tendon healing, one viable strategy is the use or administration of growth factors at the wound/rupture site. Platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), together with other growth factors, is secreted by platelets after injury. PDGF-BB promotes mitogenesis and angiogenesis, which could accelerate tendon healing. Therefore, in vitro studies with PDGF-BB have been performed to determine its effect on tenocytes and tenoblasts. Moreover, accurate and sophisticated drug delivery devices, aiming for a sustained release of PDGF-BB, have been developed, either by using heparin-binding and fibrin-based matrices or different electrospinning techniques...
July 17, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713751/parotid-duct-repair-with-intubation-tube-technical-note
#14
Muhammed Beşir Öztürk, Seda Asrufoğlu Barutca, Elif Seda Keskin, Bekir Atik
The parotid duct can be damaged in traumatic injuries and surgical interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment of a duct injury is of great importance because complications such as sialocele and salivary gland fistula may develop if the duct is not surgically repaired. We think the cuff of an intubation tube is an ideal material in parotid duct repair, because of its technical characteristics, easiness of availability, and low-cost. In this paper, we described the use of the cuff cannula of an intubation tube for the diagnosis and treatment of parotid duct laceration, as a low-cost and easy to access material readily available in every operating room...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711647/surgical-training-improves-performance-in-minimally-invasive-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#15
Lu-Feng Zhang, Hai-Bo Feng, Zhi-Guo Yu, Shi Jing, Feng Wan
OBJECTIVE: We introduced a live animal model for training of minimally invasive implantation of a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) without cardiopulmonary bypass for operator's performance improvement. DESIGN: After watching a videotape of LVAD implantation on the beating heart through the cardiac apex, the surgical team performed implantation of LVADs into 5 pigs during 3 training sessions in a time series. The procedure success rate, operating time, and technical and global performances by self-evaluation and senior evaluation were compared among the sessions...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707498/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-men-s-lacrosse-implications-for-level-type-of-play-and-position
#16
Kim Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Hinton, Adam Kushner, Greg Myer
OBJECTIVE: The growth in participation in men's lacrosse has increased the likelihood of sport-specific injuries. Despite the exponential growth in men's lacrosse participation, there continues to be a need for specific epidemiological data concerning lacrosse injuries. The sport's rapid growth in participation could have a profound effect on injury prevalence characteristics. The purpose of this literature review is to aggregate available published data on injuries that occur in the sport of men's lacrosse at the youth, high school, collegiate, and professional levels...
July 14, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706770/open-globe-injury-with-an-interesting-intra-ocular-foreign-body
#17
Ekjyot Gill, Matthew Shulman, Sid Schechet, Lawson Grumbine
Introduction: Cases of penetrating ocular trauma due to osseous material are limited, so reported incidents are valuable in determining outcomes and proper treatment courses. Case description: We report a case of an open globe injury of the left eye with an intraocular foreign body occurring after a firework exploded in the hand of a 22-year-old man. The patient presented with light perception vision in the injured eye with a full-thickness limbal laceration and dense hyphema obscuring fundoscopy. CT scan revealed a hyperdense foreign body juxtaposed to the lens...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705534/neuraxial-labor-analgesia-is-not-an-independent-predictor-of-perineal-lacerations-after-vaginal-delivery-of-patients-with-intrauterine-fetal-demise
#18
Ji H Lee, Feyce M Peralta, Anna Palatnik, Christina Lewicky Gaupp, Robert J McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: The role of neuraxial labor analgesia in perineal trauma following live births is controversial, and no studies have assessed the association in women delivering an intrauterine fetal demise. We evaluated the relationship between neuraxial labor analgesia and perineal laceration in these patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of women with a diagnosis of fetal death after 20weeks of gestation, a vaginal delivery, and an Apgar score of 0 at delivery, during the period from January 2007 through December 2015...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698750/the-relationship-between-risk-factors-of-head-trauma-with-ct-scan-findings-in-children-with-minor-head-trauma-admitted-to-hospital
#19
Babak Masoumi, Farhad Heydari, Hamidreza Hatamabadi, Reza Azizkhani, Zahra Yoosefian, Majid Zamani
BACKGROUND: In emergency medicine for determining the intracranial injury (ICI) in children with head trauma, usually brain CT scan is performed. Since brain CT scan, especially in children, has some disadvantages, it is better to find a procedure which could help to choose only the children with real head trauma injury for brain CT scan. AIMS: The aim of this study is to find such procedure. This study was descriptive, analytic and non-interventional. METHODS: We reviewed the archived files of children with head trauma injuries referred to the emergency department of Imam Hossein Hospital within two years...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697033/ventricular-perforation-during-open-surgical-balloon-expandable-mitral-valve-replacement-a-case-report
#20
Yousef M Hamdeh, Jordan E Goldhammer, Nicholas J Ruggiero, John W Entwistle
A 79-year-old woman with severe mitral annular calcification was scheduled for mitral valve replacement. A SAPIEN 3 valve was implanted in mitral position using an open surgical approach. Immediately after cardiopulmonary bypass, bleeding from an unidentified source was encountered. Cardiopulmonary bypass was emergently resumed and a laceration of the left ventricular apex due to the valve delivery system was detected. Risk factors specific to the open surgical approach include a decompressed ventricle, decreased annulus to apical distance, and the absence of continuous fluoroscopic and echocardiographic imaging...
July 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
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