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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048454/are-the-school-prevention-programmes-aimed-at-de-normalizing-smoking-among-youths-beneficial-in-the-long-term-an-example-from-the-smoke-free-class-competition-in-italy
#1
V Zagà, F Giordano, P Gremigni, D L Amram, A De Blasi, M Amendola, J F Osborn, M S Cattaruzza
Tobacco smoking by young people is of great concern because it usually leads to regular smoking, nicotine addiction and quitting difficulties. Young people "hooked" by tobacco maintain the profits of the tobacco industry by replacing smokers who quit or die. If new generations could be tobacco-free, as supported by tobacco endgame strategies, the tobacco epidemic could end within decades. Smoking prevention programmes for teens are offered by schools with the aim to prevent or delay smoking onset. Among these, the Smoke Free Class Competition (SFC) was widely implemented in Europe...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046039/topical-review-transitional-services-for-teens-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-process-map-and-proposed-model-to-overcoming-barriers-to-care
#2
Jason M Fogler, David Burke, James Lynch, William J Barbaresi, Eugenia Chan
Objective: To provide a topical review of the personal vulnerabilities and systemic barriers facing transitional age young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), followed by a proposed model for overcoming those barriers. Methods: Drawing from a growing, but limited, literature on the topic, we outline a process map for identifying and troubleshooting barriers to care in this at-risk population. Results: Young adults with ADHD frequently lack the organizational skills, time management, prioritization, and persistence to manage their health care at an expected level of adult independence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042905/photo-elicitation-with-adolescents-in-qualitative-research-an-example-of-its-use-in-exploring-family-interactions-in-adolescent-psychiatry
#3
J Sibeoni, E Costa-Drolon, L Poulmarc'h, S Colin, M Valentin, J Pradère, A Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Photo-elicitation is a method used increasingly often in qualitative health research, and its positive effect on the research process is well established today. Photo-elicitation appears to facilitate verbalization and insight and to improve relationships between the researcher and participants, thereby enriching the quality of the data collected. Nonetheless, it is barely used at all in the field of adolescent psychiatry. With the aim of exploring the potential of these methods for research with adolescents receiving psychiatric care, we conducted a qualitative photo-elicitation data collection study with this population, asking them about family interactions around food...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028180/stakeholder-education-for-community-wide-health-initiatives-a-focus-on-teen-pregnancy-prevention
#4
Cara Finley, Katherine Suellentrop, Rebecca Griesse, Lawrence Duane House, Anna Brittain
Teen pregnancies and births continue to decline due in part to implementation of evidence-based interventions and clinical strategies. While local stakeholder education is also thought to be critical to this success, little is known about what types of strategies work best to engage stakeholders. With the goal of identifying and describing evidence-based or best practice strategies for stakeholder education in community-based public health initiatives, we conducted a systematic literature review of strategies used for effective stakeholder education...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025501/promoting-the-well-being-of-urban-youth-through-drama-based-peer-education
#5
He Len Chung, André Monday, Alexus Perry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine youths' perceptions of a drama-based peer education approach to promote adolescent well-being. METHODS: High school students facilitated workshops on one of 7 topics (eg, dating violence) for 4733 urban elementary, middle, and high school students. Audience members' perceptions of workshop content and implementation were examined. RESULTS: Analyses suggest that the peer-led workshops addressed important problems for youth in the community, were an effective way to deliver information about the topics to children and teens, and helped audience members to learn more about the topics and how to make responsible decisions...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023839/effectiveness-of-a-brief-home-parenting-intervention-for-reducing-early-sexual-risks-among-latino-adolescents-salud-y-%C3%A3-xito
#6
Lydia O'Donnell, Shai Fuxman
BACKGROUND: Teen pregnancy rates and related risks remain elevated among Latino teens. We tested the impact on youth sexual behaviors of a brief, culturally targeted, bilingual media intervention designed for parents of young adolescents. METHODS: Salud y éxito (Health & Success) uses dramatic audio stories to model positive parenting practices. After completing classroom surveys, 27 urban schools in the Northeast and Southwest serving low-income Latino communities were randomized so that all families of seventh grade students were sent either: (1) booklets on healthy eating and exercise; (2) Salud-50, where families either received booklets or the intervention, or (3) Salud-100, where all families received the intervention...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023144/birth-cohort-differences-in-sexual-identity-development-milestones-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#7
Christian Grov, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
The coming-out process for gay and bisexual men (GBM) involves crossing sexual identity development (SID) milestones: (1) self-awareness of sexual attraction to the same sex, (2) self-acceptance of an identity as gay or bisexual, (3) disclosure of this sexual identity to others, and (4) having sex with someone of the same sex. We examined trends in SID milestones by birth cohort in a 2015 U.S. national sample of GBM (n = 1,023). Birth cohort was independent of when men first felt sexually attracted to someone of the same sex (median age 11 to 12)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021450/the-efficacy-of-a-genetic-analysis-of-the-bmpr2-gene-in-a-patient-with-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-an-atrial-septal-defect-treated-with-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#8
Shunsuke Tatebe, Koichiro Sugimura, Tatsuo Aoki, Saori Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Yaoita, Hideaki Suzuki, Haruka Sato, Katsuya Kozu, Ryo Konno, Kimio Satoh, Koji Fukuda, Osamu Adachi, Ryoko Saito, Norifumi Nakanishi, Hiroko Morisaki, Kotaro Oyama, Yoshikatsu Saiki, Yoshinori Okada, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) rarely develops in children with an atrial septal defect (ASD), even those with a large defect. We herein report the case of a 27-year-old man with a moderate-sized secundum ASD and right ventricular failure due to severe PAH, which developed in his early teens. He was diagnosed as having a genetic mutation of the BMPR2 gene and was successfully treated with bilateral lung transplantation with ASD path closure. In patients with congenital heart disease, a genetic analysis may provide information about the lifetime risk of developing PAH...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021119/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-compared-to-psycho-education-for-reducing-and-preventing-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#9
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
Underage drinking is an important public health issue for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents, as it is for U. S. teens of all ethnicities. One of the demonstrated risk factors for the development of alcohol use disorders in AI/AN is early age of initiation of drinking. To address this issue a randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Psycho-Education (PE) to reduce and prevent underage drinking in AI/AN youth was developed and implemented. Sixty-nine youth received MI or PE and 87% were assessed at follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989291/frontline-therapy-for-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-by-stage-and-prognostic-factors
#10
REVIEW
Pamela B Allen, Leo I Gordon
Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable malignancy in early and advanced stages. Most patients are diagnosed in their teens or twenties and are expected to live decades beyond their treatment. Therefore, the toxicity of treatment must be balanced with the goal of cure. Thus, treatment has been refined through prognostic models and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT)-directed therapy. Stratification by prognostic models defines groups of patients with favorable characteristics who may be treated with less intensive therapy upfront, including fewer cycles of chemotherapy, lower doses of radiation, or omission of radiation altogether...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989230/delivering-parent-teen-therapy-for-adhd-through-videoconferencing-a-preliminary-investigation
#11
Margaret H Sibley, Jonathan S Comer, Jaife Gonzalez
Adolescents with ADHD demonstrate notoriously poor treatment utilization. Barriers to access have been partially addressed through tailored therapy content and therapist delivery style; yet, additional challenges to engaging this population remain. To leverage modern technology in support of this aim, the current study investigates parent-teen therapy for ADHD delivered over a videoconferencing format. In this preliminary feasibility study, teens and parents (N=20) received an empirically supported dyadic therapy that incorporates skills-based modules with motivational interviewing...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989228/effects-of-maternal-work-incentives-on-teen-drug-arrests
#12
Hope Corman, Dhaval Dave, Ariel Kalil, Nancy E Reichman
PURPOSE: This study exploits differences in the implementation of welfare reform across states and over time in the United States in the attempt to identify causal effects of welfare reform on youth arrests for drug-related crimes between 1990 and 2005, the period during which welfare reform unfolded. METHODOLOGY: Using monthly arrest data from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports, we estimate the effects of welfare reform implementation on drug-related arrests among 15-17 year olds in the United States between 1990 and 2005...
2017: Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987333/age-of-onset-for-physical-and-sexual-teen-dating-violence-perpetration-a-longitudinal-investigation
#13
Ryan C Shorey, Joseph R Cohen, Yu Lu, Paula J Fite, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
Teen dating violence (TDV) is a serious and prevalent public health problem. TDV is associated with a number of negative health consequences for victims and predicts violence in adult relationships. Thus, efforts should be devoted to the primary prevention of TDV. However, only a few studies have examined when the risk for the first occurrence of TDV is greatest. Continued research in this area would inform the timing of, as well as developmentally appropriate strategies for, TDV primary prevention efforts...
October 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986245/applying-interactive-mobile-health-to-asthma-care-in-teens-aim2act-development-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
David A Fedele, Andrew McConville, J Graham Thomas, Elizabeth L McQuaid, David M Janicke, Elise M Turner, Jon Moon, Mutasim Abu-Hasan
Early adolescents have difficulties performing asthma self-management behaviors, placing them at-risk for poor asthma control and reduced quality of life. This paper describes the development and plans for testing an interactive mobile health (mHealth) tool for early adolescents, ages 12-15years, and their caregivers to help improve asthma management. Applying Interactive Mobile health to Asthma Care in Teens (AIM2ACT) is informed by the Pediatric Self-management model, which posits that helpful caregiver support is facilitated by elucidating disease management behaviors and allocating treatment responsibility in the family system, and subsequently engaging in collaborative caregiver-adolescent asthma management...
October 3, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983782/electronic-cigarettes-their-constituents-and-potential-links-to-asthma
#15
REVIEW
Phillip W Clapp, Ilona Jaspers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vaping is gaining popularity in the USA, particularly among teens and young adults. While e-cigs are commonly represented as safer alternatives to tobacco cigarettes, little is known regarding the health effects of their short- or long-term use, especially in individuals with pre-existing respiratory diseases such as asthma. Flavored e-cig liquids (e-liquids) and e-cig aerosols contain airway irritants and toxicants that have been implicated in the pathogenesis and worsening of lung diseases...
October 5, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977317/energy-intake-from-ultra-processed-foods-among-adolescents
#16
Helen Freitas D'Avila, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed foods and related factors in adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 784 adolescents (both sexes and aged between 12 and 19 years) from public and private schools in the municipality of Palmeira das Missões, Brazil. Food consumption was recorded by the semiquantitative questionnaire of frequency of food consumption and converted to energy (kcal/day). Foods were classified as minimally processed, group 1 (G1); processed foods, group 2 (G2); and ultra-processed foods, group 3 (G3)...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974359/beyond-the-effects-of-comprehensive-sexuality-education-the-significant-prospective-effects-of-youth-assets-on-contraceptive-behaviors
#17
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall Cheney, Leslie Carroll
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to prospectively determine if youth assets were significantly associated with contraception use after accounting for the effects of youths' exposure to comprehensive sexuality education programming. METHODS: Prospective associations between youth asset scores, comprehensive sexuality education topics received, type of contraceptive used, and consistent contraceptive use were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression in a sample of 757 sexually active youth...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971273/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-getting-to-outcomes-impact-on-sexual-health-outcomes-in-community-based-settings
#18
Matthew Chinman, Joie Acosta, Patricia Ebener, Patrick S Malone, Mary E Slaughter
The USA has high teen pregnancy rates compared to other developed nations. Many community-based organizations need assistance conducting evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention programs (EBPs) appropriately. This study evaluated the impact of an implementation support intervention called Getting To Outcomes (GTO) designed to help such organizations. This cluster randomized controlled trial compared 16 Boys and Girls Clubs (BGCs) implementing a teen pregnancy prevention EBP called Making Proud Choices for two years, with 16 BGCs implementing MPC augmented with GTO training, tools, and technical assistance...
October 2, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970006/an-overview-of-common-psychiatric-problems-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-females-focus-on-mood-and-anxiety
#19
REVIEW
Jessica J Black, Dana L Rofey
Adolescence is a dynamic period of learning and adaptation. It provides unique opportunities in which adolescents strive to become independent, generative young adults. However, with these strides come increased prevalence in psychiatric symptomatology. Among adolescent girls, anxiety disorders are the most common condition followed by mood disorders. Mood disorders, specifically depression, result in the greatest impairment. Factors such as body mass index and early pubertal onset are associated with poorer mental health such as depression...
September 1, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969711/fatty-fish-intake-and-attention-performance-in-14-15%C3%A2-year-old-adolescents-fins-teens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Katina Handeland, Jannike Øyen, Siv Skotheim, Ingvild E Graff, Valborg Baste, Marian Kjellevold, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Lisbeth Dahl, Kjell M Stormark
BACKGROUND: Fatty fish is the dominant dietary source of n-3 LCPUFAs but it also contains other micronutrients considered important for brain development and function. To our knowledge, the effect of fatty fish intake on cognitive function in adolescents has not been investigated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) previously. The aim of the present trial was to investigate whether consumption of fatty fish meals three times per week for 12 weeks could alter attention performance in adolescents compared to similar meals with meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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