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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731855/seeking-sexual-health-information-professionals-novel-experiences-of-the-barriers-that-prevent-female-adolescents-seeking-sexual-health-information
#1
Kerry McKellar, Linda Little, Michael A Smith, Elizabeth Sillence
Objective Sexual health professionals are key stakeholders in implementing sexual health intervention programmes, yet their views are largely absent from the literature. Sexual health professionals provide a unique perspective on teen sexual health issues as they engage in confidential discussions with a wide range of teenagers. This study aimed to provide an in-depth exploration of professionals' perceptions of teenagers' sexual health information seeking practices and barriers. Furthermore, the research provided a unique re-examination of key predictors of risky sexual behaviours, which have been highlighted by previous research...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729196/legalization-of-cannabis-considerations-for-intervening-with-adolescent-consumers
#2
Denise D Walker
Eight states and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis for adults and more are expected to follow suit. After alcohol, cannabis is the most commonly used drug by adolescents. Consumption of this drug during this developmental period poses unique risks. Therefore, attention must be paid both to how legalization affects adolescents and how tailored interventions can effectively address their needs for assistance. This commentary offers considerations for how legalization might be crafted so as to benefit adolescents...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723265/a-text-mining-analysis-of-the-public-s-reactions-to-the-opioid-crisis
#3
Elizabeth M Glowacki, Joseph B Glowacki, Gary B Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Opioid abuse has become an epidemic in the United States. On August 25, 2016, the former Surgeon General of the United States sent an open letter to care providers asking for their help with combatting this growing health crisis. Social media forums like Twitter allow for open discussions among the public and up-to-date exchanges of information about timely topics like opioids. Therefore, the goal of the current study is to identify the public's reactions to the opioid epidemic by identifying the most popular topics tweeted by users...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720455/reasons-for-acceptance-or-refusal-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-a-california-pediatric-practice
#4
Brandon Brown, Magi Ishak Gabra, Harry Pellman
Despite the effectiveness and availability of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, HPV remains the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States and has the lowest initiation rate of any routinely recommended teen vaccine. In January 2015, we surveyed parents at a Southern California pediatric private practice about reasons they accept or refuse HPV vaccine for their children. Of the 200 consecutive parents that had HPV vaccine initiation recommended for their child, 123 (61.5%) children were male and 38...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715239/parental-self-efficacy-to-support-teens-during-a-suicidal-crisis-and-future-adolescent-emergency-department-visits-and-suicide-attempts
#5
Ewa K Czyz, Adam G Horwitz, Carlos E Yeguez, Cynthia J Ewell Foster, Cheryl A King
This study of adolescents seeking emergency department (ED) services and their parents examined parents' self-efficacy beliefs to engage in suicide prevention activities, whether these beliefs varied based on teens' characteristics, and the extent to which they were associated with adolescents' suicide-related outcomes. Participants included 162 adolescents (57% female, 81.5% Caucasian), ages 13-17, and their parents. At index visit, parents rated their self-efficacy to engage in suicide prevention activities and their expectations regarding their teen's future suicide risk...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709516/social-relationships-and-the-sleep-health-nexus-in-adolescence-evidence-from-a-comprehensive-model-with-bi-directional-effects
#6
David J Maume
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the bi-directional effects of sleep and health (body mass index [BMI], depression, and substance use) among adolescents in the presence of comprehensive controls for social relationships and daily stressors and supports. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal survey designed and administered by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709420/area-based-socioeconomic-factors-and-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-teen-boys-in-the-united-states
#7
Kevin A Henry, Allison L Swiecki-Sikora, Antoinette M Stroup, Echo L Warner, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: This study is the first to examine associations between several area-based socioeconomic factors and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among boys in the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 National Immunization Survey-Teen restricted-use data were analyzed to examine associations of HPV vaccination initiation (receipt of ≥1 dose) and series completion (receipt of three doses) among boys aged 13-17 years (N = 19,518) with several individual-level and ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) census measures...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702717/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-group-support-decrease-stress-in-adolescents-with-cardiac-diagnoses-a-randomized-two-group-study
#8
Vicki A Freedenberg, Pamela S Hinds, Erika Friedmann
Adolescents with cardiac diagnoses face unique challenges that can cause psychosocial distress. This study compares a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program to a video online support group for adolescents with cardiac diagnoses. MBSR is a structured psycho-educational program which includes yoga, meditation, cognitive restructuring, and group support. A published feasibility study by our group showed significant reduction in anxiety following this intervention. Participants were randomized to MBSR or video online support group, and completed measures of anxiety, depression, illness-related stress, and coping pre- and post-6-session interventions...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695445/parental-and-child-factors-associated-with-under-estimation-of-children-with-excess-weight-in-spain
#9
Ingrid de Ruiter, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jiménez-Moleón
Objective Understanding obesity misperception and associated factors can improve strategies to increase obesity identification and intervention. We investigate underestimation of child excess weight with a broader perspective, incorporating perceptions, views, and psychosocial aspects associated with obesity. Methods This study used cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey in 2011-2012 for children aged 2-14 years who are overweight or obese. Percentages of parental misperceived excess weight were calculated...
July 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691640/design-of-the-fins-teens-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-fatty-fish-on-cognitive-performance-in-adolescents
#10
Siv Skotheim, Lisbeth Dahl, Katina Handeland, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Jannike Øyen, Marian Kjellevold, Kjell Morten Stormark, Ingvild Eide Graff
AIMS: To describe the rationale, study design, population and dietary compliance in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effect of fatty fish on cognitive performance and mental health in adolescents. METHOD: In the Fish Intervention Studies-TEENS (FINS-TEENS) study we individually randomized 478 adolescents (14-15-year-olds) from eight secondary schools in Norway to receive school meal lunches with fatty fish or meat or n-3 supplements three times a week for 12 weeks...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683058/quickstats-percentage-of-children-and-teens-aged-5-17-years-who-missed-10-school-days-in-the-past-12-months-because-of-illness-or-injury-%C3%A2-by-sex-and-age-national-health-interview-survey-2013-2015-%C3%A2
#11
(no author information available yet)
During 2013-2015, 3.9% of boys and 4.3% of girls missed >10 school days in the past 12 months because of illness or injury. Among children aged 15-17 years, girls were more likely than boys to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.9%). Among girls, those aged 15-17 years were more likely than girls aged 5-10 years and girls aged 11-14 years to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.2% and 4.0%, respectively). Among boys, there was no difference by age.
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677893/youth-doing-dangerous-tasks-supervision-matters
#12
Kristina M Zierold
BACKGROUND: Supervisors are partially responsible for ensuring that teens are safe at work. The purpose of this study was to explore whether supervision is related to teens' willingness to do a dangerous task at work. METHODS: A mixed-methods study consisting of focus groups and a cross-sectional survey was conducted with teens from two public high schools. RESULTS: If asked by a supervisor, 21% of working teens would do a dangerous task. After controlling for gender and age, teens whose supervisor did not establish weekly goals (AOR = 3...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677865/vascular-and-metabolic-comorbidities-in-open-angle-glaucoma-with-low-and-high-teen-intraocular-pressure-a-cross-sectional-study-from-south-korea
#13
Si Hyung Lee, Gyu Ah Kim, Wonseok Lee, Hyoung Won Bae, Gong Je Seong, Chan Yun Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the associations between vascular and metabolic comorbidities and the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) with low-teen and high-teen intraocular pressure (IOP) in Korea. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2012 were analysed. Participants diagnosed with OAG with normal IOP were further classified into low-teen IOP (IOP ≤ 15 mmHg) and high-teen IOP (15 mmHg < IOP ≤ 21 mmHg) groups...
July 5, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676084/social-and-demographic-drivers-of-trend-and-seasonality-in-elective-abortions-in-denmark
#14
Tim A Bruckner, Laust H Mortensen, Ralph A Catalano
BACKGROUND: Elective abortions show a secular decline in high income countries. That general pattern, however, may mask meaningful differences-and a potentially rising trend-among age, income, and other racial/ethnic groups. We explore these differences in Denmark, a high-income, low-fertility country with excellent data on terminations and births. METHODS: We examined monthly elective abortions (n = 225,287) from 1995 to 2009, by maternal age, parity, income level and mother's country of origin...
July 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673031/samoan-smokers-talk-about-smoking-and-quitting-a-focus-group-study
#15
Helen Tanielu, Judith McCool, Elaine Umali, Robyn Whittaker
Introduction: Samoa, like other Pacific Island countries, faces a persistent challenge to reduce smoking use with relatively limited resources. As a signatory to the WHO FCTC, Samoa is obligated to introduce measures to reduce tobacco use and is currently trialling a text message smoking cessation programme (mCessation) to achieve this outcome. Cigarettes remain relatively cheap and are widely available, but little is known about how smoking is initiated or why and how people quit smoking in the Samoa...
June 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669530/-on-top-plasty-for-radial-polydactyly%C3%A2-reconstruction
#16
Bryce Bell, Lesley Butler, Janith Mills, Chris Stutz, Marybeth Ezaki, Scott Oishi
PURPOSE: To introduce the "on-top plasty" technique and report our long-term outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated 5 thumbs in 5 patients who underwent radial polydactyly reconstruction using the "on-top plasty" technique between 1998 and 2003. This technique was used when it was felt that neither thumb possessed adequate proximal and distal structures to provide a functional and aesthetically pleasing thumb. Our study group included 1 Flatt type III and 4 Flatt type VII thumbs...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665767/increasing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-equity-for-hispanics-in-schools
#17
Ivette Valenzuela-Yu
In the United States, the overall teen birth rate has been decreasing. In 1991, the teen birth rate was 61.8 births for every 1,000 teen females, but in 2014, the same overall rate decreased to 24.2 births for every 1,000 teen females. Unfortunately, this decrease has not reflected equally across all the races/ethnic groups. In 2014, the teen birth rate for Hispanics was 38 births per 1,000 teen females. The NASN is aware about the disparities on teen birth among racial/ethnical groups and has released a specific statement about the role of school nurses on the improvement of pregnancy outcomes...
June 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662303/measuring-birth-outcomes-in-new-york-state-using-a-multidimensional-approach
#18
Rosa Darling, A Serdar Atav
OBJECTIVE: Poorer birth outcomes in the United States and New York State (NYS) remain a significant public health concern. The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of common and unique demographic, socioeconomic, and health services predictors on low birth weight (LBW), moderately LBW, very low birth weight (VLBW), and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) in NYS counties and to recommend policies that address unique differences at the county level. METHODS: Secondary data were collected for each of the 62 counties in NYS...
June 29, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661766/are-you-still-bringing-me-down-romantic-involvement-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#19
Julie Skalamera Olson, Robert Crosnoe
Romantic involvement and mental health are dynamically linked, but this interplay can vary across the life course in ways that speak to the social and psychological underpinnings of healthy development. To explore this variation, this study examined how romantic involvement was associated with trajectories of depressive symptomatology across the transition between adolescence and young adulthood. Growth mixture modeling of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health identified trajectories of depressive symptomatology as teens grew into their late 20s and early 30s ( N = 8,712)...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661244/mitigating-risks-to-pregnant-teens-from-zika-virus
#20
Andrew D Maynard, Diana M Bowman, James G Hodge
Zika infection in pregnant women is associated with an elevated probability of giving birth to a child with microcephaly and multiple other disabilities. Public health messaging on Zika prevention has predominantly targeted women who know they are pregnant or intend to become pregnant, but not teenage females for whom unintended pregnancy is more likely. Vulnerabilities among this population to reproductive risks associated with Zika are further amplified by restrictive abortion laws in several Zika-impacted states...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
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