Read by QxMD icon Read


S Pigat, A Connolly, M Cushen, M Cullen, C O'Mahony
This project quantified the impact that voluntary reformulation efforts of the food industry had on the Irish population's nutrient intake. Nutrient composition data on reformulated products were collected from 14 major food companies for two years, 2005 and 2012. Probabilistic intake assessments were performed using the Irish national food consumption surveys as dietary intake data. The nutrient data were weighted by market shares replacing existing food composition data for these products. The reformulation efforts assessed, significantly reduced mean energy intakes by up to 12 kcal/d (adults), 15 kcal/d (teens), 19 kcal/d (children) and 9 kcal/d (pre-schoolers)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Steven Elías Alvarado
Research on residential inequality focuses heavily on adult economic outcomes as crucial components of the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Yet, empirical evidence on whether youth neighborhoods have a lasting impact on adult economic outcomes at the national level is scarce. Further, we know little about how youth neighborhood effects on adult economic outcomes manifest. This study uses 26 years (14 waves) of restricted panel data from the NLSY79 and the NLSY Children and Young Adults cohorts - data that have never been used to analyze long-term neighborhood effects - to examine whether youth neighborhood disadvantage impacts adult economic outcomes through sensitive years in childhood, teen socialization, duration effects, or cumulative effects...
February 2018: Social Science Research
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Alex S Bowman, Diane Santa Maria, Francesca Kabemba, Yoyce Geronimo
PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a father-based sexual and reproductive health intervention designed to reduce sexual and reproductive (SRH) disparities and increase correct and consistent condom use among Latino adolescent males. METHODS: The current study conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with Latino father-son dyads (N=30) designed to elicit perspectives on communication regarding sex and condom use...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
David L Bell, Samantha Garbers, Marina Catallozzi, R Stanley Hum, Meredith Nechitilo, Ian W McKeague, Emilia H Koumans, L Duane House, Susan L Rosenthal, Melanie A Gold
PURPOSE: Despite recent declines, teen unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in the United States remain at levels higher than comparable nations. Initiatives to prevent teen pregnancy have focused primarily on female adolescents; how to effectively engage young men to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy has not been well studied. We proposed to adapt an innovative computer-assisted motivational interviewing (CAMI) intervention, originally designed and tested with young women, for use with young men, aged 15-24 years, to reduce their risk of fathering a teen pregnancy...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Justin Bauer, Kartik Kansagra, Kuo H Chao, Lei Feng
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can cause death, neurologic disability, and visual loss. A pre-teen with septic CST leading to ocular hypertension and acute visual loss was treated at our institution with thrombectomy and thrombolysis of the cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins. Successful recanalization of the bilateral cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins was achieved in two separate procedures without complication. The patient showed immediate symptomatic relief...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Jennifer B Leonardo, Rebecca S Spicer, Maria Katradis, Jennifer Allison, Rebekah Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds. SAMPLE: Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from March 2016 through April 2017. A quality improvement framework was used to test, implement and spread evidence-based change ideas (strategies and programs) in child passenger safety, falls prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, suicide and self-harm prevention and teen driver safety...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
Noele P Nelson, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Laurie D Elam-Evans
BACKGROUND: The hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine was recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) incrementally from 1996 to 1999. In 2006, HepA vaccine was recommended (1) universally for children aged 12-23 months, (2) for persons who are at increased risk for infection, or (3) for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Catch-up vaccination can be considered. OBJECTIVE: To assess HepA vaccine coverage among adolescents and factors independently associated with vaccination administration in the US...
February 12, 2018: Vaccine
Hong Seok Kim, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Tae-Im Kim, Eung Kweon Kim
PURPOSE: In granular corneal dystrophy type 2 (GCD2), corneal deposits containing fragments of transforming growth factor-β-induced protein appear in sequence as granular lesions (GLs), linear lesions (LLs), and diffuse haze (DH). We aimed to investigate the association between visual acuity and age-related changes in lesion types in patients with GCD2. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records and slit-lamp photographs of 533 patients (1066 eyes) with genetically confirmed GCD2 (heterozygous)...
February 13, 2018: Cornea
Saba Aghapour, Bijan Bina, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Fahimeh Amiri, Afshin Ebrahimi
Fluoride (F) contamination in groundwater can be problematic to human health. This study evaluated the concentration of fluoride in groundwater resources of Isfahan Province, the central plateau of Iran, and its related health issues to the inhabitant populations. For this purpose, 573 drinking groundwater samples were analyzed in 2016 by using the spectrophotometric method. Non-carcinogenic health risks due to F exposure through consumption of drinking water were assessed using the US EPA method. In addition, the associated zoning maps of the obtained results were presented using geographic information system (GIS)...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Debra C Sims, Anita J Skarbek
Levels of parental self-efficacy are correlated with both positive and negative care delivery and developmental outcomes for parents and their infants. School nurses are in a unique position to facilitate parenting self-efficacy in teen parents. Using the concept analysis framework of Walker and Avant, parental self-efficacy is analyzed and elucidated to distinguish the concept's defining attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents. The operational definition of parental self-efficacy arising from this concept review is an individual's belief that he or she is capable of integrating and executing the knowledge and skills necessary to parent their infant...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Justin Bauer, Kartik Kansagra, Kuo H Chao, Lei Feng
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can cause death, neurologic disability, and visual loss. A pre-teen with septic CST leading to ocular hypertension and acute visual loss was treated at our institution with thrombectomy and thrombolysis of the cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins. Successful recanalization of the bilateral cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins was achieved in two separate procedures without complication. The patient showed immediate symptomatic relief...
February 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Katherine E Miller, Benjamin Kelly, James Fitch, Nicole Ross, Matthew R Avenarius, Elizabeth Varga, Daniel C Koboldt, Daniel R Boue, Vincent Magrini, Scott L Coven, Jonathan L Finlay, Catherine E Cottrell, Peter White, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Richard K Wilson, Jeffrey Leonard, Elaine R Mardis
Gangliogliomas [WHO grade I] are rare tumors affecting the central nervous system and are most frequently observed in children. Genome sequencing of tumors is being utilized at an increasing rate in both research and clinical settings to characterize the genetic factors that drive tumorigenesis. Here, we report a rare BRAF somatic mutation (NM_004333.4:c.1794_1796dupTAC; p.Thr599dup) in the tumor genome from a pediatric patient in her late teens, who was initially diagnosed with low-grade ganglioglioma at age 13...
February 6, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
Tomoko Hirakawa, Yasushi Kawano, Chiharu Mizoguchi, Kaei Nasu, Hisashi Narahara
Sclerosing stromal tumours (SSTs) are rare benign tumours and are generally observed in individuals in their teens to 20 s. Many cases are suspected as malignant tumours pre-operatively, owing to their high vascularity on diagnostic imaging. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the expressions of various angiogenic factors in SSTs. The expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) were examined by immunohistochemical staining. Upon immunohistochemistry, overexpressions of VEGF, bFGF, and HGF in the ovarian stroma were observed in SSTs...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Joanna C Yau, Stephanie M Reich
We explored adolescents' (12- to 18-year-olds; n = 51) awareness of their audience and subsequent self-presentation practices on Facebook and Instagram through focus group discussions. Findings suggest that teens, who are developmentally able to perceive a situation from the third-person perspective and who value peer approval, purposefully share content to appear interesting, well liked, and attractive. Some teens invested great effort into posting by these norms, even asking their friends to help; however, this was more common among girls...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Krysta S Barton, Tyler Tate, Nancy Lau, Karen B Taliesin, Elisha D Waldman, Abby R Rosenberg
CONTEXT: Supporting patients' spiritual needs is central to palliative care. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYAs) may be developing their spiritual identities; it is unclear how to navigate conversations concerning their spiritual needs. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe spiritual narratives among AYAs based on their self-identification as religious, spiritual, both, or neither; and, (2) identify language to support AYA spiritual needs in keeping with their self-identities...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Miri, Mahmoud Taghavi, Abdolmajid Gholizadeh, Ramin Anbarani, Ahmad Hosseini-Bandegharaei, Margherita Ferrante, Gea Oliveri Conti
Assessing the health risks of exposure to fluoride in developing countries has been unclear. In this study, the concentration of fluoride and its spatial analysis in groundwater of 6 counties of Yazd province, Iran, were investigated. Health risk assessment of three age groups (children, teens and adults), sensitivity analysis and uncertainties of effective variables were carried out using Monte Carlo simulation. The results showed that 68.77% of the samples taken were within the standard range set by the WHO guidelines (0...
February 6, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Maartje Klaver, Renée de Mutsert, Chantal M Wiepjes, Jos W R Twisk, Martin den Heijer, Joost Rotteveel, Daniël T Klink
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents aspiring to have the body characteristics of the affirmed sex can receive hormonal treatment. However, it is unknown how body shape and composition develop during treatment and whether transgender persons obtain the desired body phenotype. AIM: To examine the change in body shape and composition from the start of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) until 22 years of age and to compare these measurements at 22 years with those of age-matched peers...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Mahalekshmi Desikan, Renata Siciliani Scalco, Andreea Manole, Alice R Gardiner, Anthony H Schapira, Robin H Lachmann, Henry Houlden, Janice L Holton, Rahul Phadke, Ros Quinlivan
An 84-year-old lady with slowly progressive limb and axial muscle weakness with onset in her teens was referred for genetic investigations. Targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) revealed a homozygous mutation GYG1 in exon5:c.487delG:p.D163fs, confirming the diagnosis of Polyglucosan Body Myopathy 2 (PGBM2). Retrospective review of muscle pathology revealed a florid vacuolar myopathy with histochemical and ultrastructural features consistent with a polyglucosan storage myopathy. No cardiac symptoms were reported...
January 10, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Jonathan Miller, Mark Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa Laska, Toben Nelson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Interventions to raise population physical activity generally show modest effects; one possible reason is that trends and determinants of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) differ between population subgroups. This study examined differences in trends and determinants of reported MVPA by ethnicity/race and sex in a 15-year longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants (n = 2092) in the Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults study were surveyed on MVPA behavior and potential determinants from adolescence to young adulthood...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"