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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826343/feasibility-testing-a-family-level-intervention-to-prevent-risky-sex-behaviors-among-middle-school-age-latinas
#1
Robin Bartlett, Thomas P McCoy, Allyson Kelley, Emily R Beamon, Tara Holmes, Terri Shelton, Debra Wallace
PURPOSE: In this article, we report a pilot study that tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of a culturally, linguistically, and developmentally tailored risky sex prevention intervention for middle school-age Latinas and their mothers. DESIGN: We used a one-group pre-test, post-test, and 3-month post-intervention follow-up design. Data were collected at three points on aspects of the girls' communication, beliefs, and behaviors. RESULTS: Promising results included improvements in girl's self-efficacy regarding condom communication and condom consistent use, and in mother-teen sexual risk communication...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818251/teens-tweets-and-tanning-beds-rethinking-the-use-of-social-media-for-skin-cancer-prevention
#2
Ashley E Falzone, Claire D Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos
The incidence of skin cancer is rising in the U.S., and melanoma, the deadliest form, is increasing disproportionately among young white women. Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for all skin cancers and continues to be used at the highest rates in young white women. Adolescents and young adults report personal appearance-based reasons for using indoor tanning. Previous research has explored the influences on tanning bed use, including individual factors as well as relationships with peers, family, schools, media influences, legislation, and societal beauty norms...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811119/family-planning-funding-cuts-and-teen-childbearing
#3
Analisa Packham
Publicly funded family planning clinics provide low-cost and free contraception to nearly 1.5 million teens each year. In recent years, several states have considered legislation to defund family planning services, although little is known about how these cuts affect teen pregnancy. This paper fills this knowledge gap by exploiting a policy change in Texas that reduced funding for family planning services by 67% and resulted in over 80 clinic closures. I estimate the effects of the funding cuts on teen health outcomes using a difference-in-differences approach that compares the changes in teen birth rates in Texas counties that lost family planning funding to changes in counties outside of Texas with publicly funded clinics...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810945/teen-dating-violence-predicting-physical-and-sexual-violence-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-heterosexual-adolescent-males
#4
Peter Fawson, Timothy Jones, Bobby Younce
This study investigated the prevalence of female-to-male intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health symptoms among 589 male high school students. Participants completed questionnaires asking if they had experienced dating violence victimization, mental health symptoms, and violent attitudes. Correlations revealed strong positive associations between sexual, physical, and psychological IPV among male victims. Multiple regression found significant predictors of negative mental health consequences were experiencing psychological violence, experiencing physical violence, and having attitudes that accept violence...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806009/regional-infant-and-child-mortality-review-committee-2015-final-report
#5
Ann L Wilson, Jim Sideras, Brad Randall
The Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee serves 10 counties in southeastern South Dakota and aims to use its reviews to prevent future loss of life during childhood. In 2015, the committee reviewed 24 deaths (compared to 32 cases in 2013 and 25 cases in 2014). Consistent with observations made in previous years, in 2015 all infants (n=7) who died during sleep did so with risks present in the sleep environment. Progress in decreasing these infant deaths in the region is not being observed, and in fact, may even be deteriorating...
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802595/variability-in-opioid-prescribing-for-children-undergoing-ambulatory-surgery-in-the-united-states
#6
William C Van Cleve, Eliot B Grigg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We attempted to describe the opioid prescribing patterns for ambulatory pediatric surgery in the United States from 2007 to 2014. DESIGN: Retrospective database review. SETTING: Operating room ambulatory encounters as determined by the Truven Health Marketscan Commercial Claims and Encounters database. PATIENTS: A total of 929,874 ambulatory surgical encounters were identified in patients <18years of age and, of these, 439,286 encounters generated an analgesic prescription...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#7
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795890/point-of-care-fluorescence-imaging-predicts-the-presence-of-pathogenic-bacteria-in-wounds-a-clinical-study
#8
M Y Rennie, L Lindvere-Teene, K Tapang, R Linden
OBJECTIVE: Bacteria in chronic wounds are invisible to the naked eye and can lead to delayed wound healing. Point-of-care bacterial fluorescence imaging illuminates a wound with 405nm light, triggering bacteria to produce red fluorescence and enabling real-time bacterial localisation. Prospective, single-blind clinical trials (clinicaltrials.gov #NCT02682069, #NCT03091361) were conducted to determine the positive predictive value (PPV) of this red fluorescence for detecting bacteria in chronic wounds...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791542/etiology-of-teen-dating-violence-among-adolescent-children-of-alcoholics
#9
Jennifer A Livingston, Rina D Eiden, Jared Lessard, Meghan Casey, James Henrie, Kenneth E Leonard
Family processes in early life have been implicated in adolescent involvement in teen dating violence, yet the developmental pathways through which this occurs are not well understood. In this study, etiological pathways from parental psychopathology and marital conflict in infancy to involvement in dating violence in late adolescence were examined in a sample of children at high-risk due to parental alcohol problems. Families (N = 227) recruited when the child was 12 months of age were assessed at 12-, 24-, 36-months, kindergarten, 6th, 8th, and 12th grades...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776838/assessing-variations-in-developmental-outcomes-among-teenage-offspring-of-teen-mothers-maternal-life-course-correlates
#10
Jungeun Olivia Lee, Lewayne D Gilchrist, Blair A Beadnell, Mary Jane Lohr, Chaoyue Yuan, Lacey A Hartigan, Diane M Morrison
This study investigated potential heterogeneity in development among offspring (age 17) of teen mothers and maternal life course as correlates of variation. Using latent class analysis, subgroups of developmental outcomes were identified. Maternal standing in two life course realms (i.e., socioeconomic and domestic) was considered as a potential explanation for heterogeneity in offspring's development. Offspring reported on measures assessing their psychological, academic, and behavioral development. Teen mothers reported on measures of life course realms...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774733/current-child-but-not-maternal-snoring-is-bi-directionally-related-to-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-a-cross-sectional-and-a-prospective-cohort-analysis
#11
Olivia M Farr, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Elsie M Taveras, Christos S Mantzoros
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), typically manifested as snoring, is closely associated with obesity. However, the directionality of associations of OSA with cardiometabolic risk markers is unclear, as obesity increases risk for OSA, and OSA results in excess weight gain and its metabolic consequences. Less is known about how obesity and OSA may relate in children and adolescents and whether maternal OSA may influence the development of obesity and cardiometabolic dysfunction in offspring...
June 29, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774477/connecting-brain-responsivity-and-real-world-risk-taking-strengths-and-limitations-of-current-methodological-approaches
#12
REVIEW
Lauren Sherman, Laurence Steinberg, Jason Chein
In line with the goal of limiting health risk behaviors in adolescence, a growing literature investigates whether individual differences in functional brain responses can be related to vulnerability to engage in risky decision-making. We review this body of work, investigate when and in what way findings converge, and provide best practice recommendations. We identified 23 studies that examined individual differences in brain responsivity and adolescent risk taking. Findings varied widely in terms of the neural regions identified as relating to risky behavior...
June 27, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771461/quickstats-suicide-rates-%C3%A2-for-teens-aged-15-19-years-by-sex-united-states-1975-2015
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770663/a-successful-model-for-clinical-training-in-child-adolescent-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-graduate-psychiatric-advanced-practice-nursing-students
#14
Pamela Lusk, Beverly G Hart Abney, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
BACKGROUND: Graduate faculty in advanced practice nursing programs seek to provide clinical training in psychotherapy for psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) students and prepare them for practice with patients across the lifespan, including children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical training model for child/adolescent cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) that is adaptable to all graduate nursing programs including online, classroom, and blended programs...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770526/increased-prevalence-of-unusual-sensory-behaviors-in-infants-at-risk-for-and-teens-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Hannah M Van Etten, Maninderjit Kaur, Sudha M Srinivasan, Shereen J Cohen, Anjana Bhat, Karen R Dobkins
The current study investigated the prevalence and pattern of unusual sensory behaviors (USBs) in teens with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and infants (3-36 months) at risk for ASD. From two different sites (UCSD and UConn), caregivers of infants at high (n = 32) and low risk (n = 33) for ASD, and teenagers with (n = 12) and without ASD (n = 11), completed age-appropriate Sensory Profile questionnaires (Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile; Dunn 2002; Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile; Brown and Dunn 2002)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766318/teen-dating-violence-victimization-among-high-school-students-a-multilevel-analysis-of-school-level-risk-factors
#16
Elizabeth M Parker, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Katrina J Debnam, Adam J Milam, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Much etiologic research has focused on individual-level risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV); therefore, less is known about school-level and neighborhood-level risk factors. We examined the association between alcohol outlet density around high schools and TDV victimization and the association between markers of physical disorder around schools and TDV victimization among adolescents. METHODS: Data come from high school students participating in the Maryland Safe and Supportive Schools Initiative...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765337/tanning-and-teens-is-indoor-exposure-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#17
Jennifer L Hay, Kristen E Riley, Alan C Geller
Because of recent state regulations and the reduced availability of free-standing tanning salons, indoor tanning (IT) prevalence is beginning to decline. This may lead to unintended consequences, such as increases in outdoor intentional tanning. We advance a series of research directions to track and intervene to address all forms of intentional tanning. First, we advocate for enforcement of IT regulation and encourage collection of data on tanning salon compliance and alternative IT strategies. Second, we suggest questions about outdoor and IT should be included in national surveys...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762236/conceptualisation-development-and-validation-of-t-qol%C3%A2-teenagers-quality-of-life-a-patient-focused-measure-to-assess-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-with-skin-diseases
#18
M K A Basra, M S Salek, D Fenech, A Y Finlay
AIM: To develop and validate a dermatology-specific quality of life (QoL) instrument for adolescents with skin diseases. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with adolescents with skin disease to gain in-depth understanding of how skin diseases affect their QoL. A prototype instrument based on the themes identified from content analysis of interviews was tested in several stages, using Classical Test Theory (CTT) and Item Response Theory (IRT) models to develop this new tool and conduct its psychometric evaluation...
July 31, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759180/central-hypoadrenocorticism-associated-with-rathke-s-cleft-cyst
#19
Fumika Kawano, Tomoyo Itonaga, Masanori Inoue, Miwako Maeda, Hiroaki Miyahara, Kenji Ihara
Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) are non-neoplastic, sellar or suprasellar epithelium-lined cysts originating from Rathke's pouch in the pituitary gland. Patients with RCCs are usually asymptomatic, but some have only been identified when symptoms manifested in middle age. The characteristics of these patients during childhood or adolescence remains unknown. We describe an 18-year-old girl who had occasionally suffered from malicious fatigue in the morning since her early teens. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed T1 hyperintense/T2 hypointense signals between the anterior and posterior pituitary glands, indicating the presence of RCC...
July 2, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758580/chromosomal-micro-aberration-in-a-saudi-family-with-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#20
Muhammad Imran Naseer, Adeel G Chaudhary, Sameera Sogaty, Mahmood Rasool, Sajjad Karim, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Fehmida Bibi, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Hussein A Algahtani, Mohammad H Al-Qahtani
Epilepsy is genetically complex neurological disorder affecting millions of people of the world. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a most common epilepsy syndromes that starts in the teen age group commonly between ages 12 and 18, and lasts into adulthood. Out of 14 people with epilepsy one suffer with JME. Myoclonic seizures and muscle twitching or uncontrolled jerking are the most common type of seizure in the people suffering with JME. To observe the novel CNVs involved in JME we investigated a Saudi family with nine siblings with one male and one female affected members...
July 31, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
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