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M Norlia, S Jinap, M A R Nor-Khaizura, R Son, C K Chin, Sardjono
Peanuts are widely consumed as the main ingredient in many local dishes in Malaysia. However, the tropical climate in Malaysia (high temperature and humidity) favours the growth of fungi from Aspergillus section Flavi, especially during storage. Most of the species from this section, such as A. flavus, A. parasiticus and A. nomius, are natural producers of aflatoxins. Precise identification of local isolates and information regarding their ability to produce aflatoxins are very important to evaluate the safety of food marketed in Malaysia...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Matthew D Lebar, Jeffrey W Cary, Rajtilak Majumdar, Carol H Carter-Wientjes, Brian M Mack, Qijian Wei, Valdet Uka, Sarah De Saeger, José Diana Di Mavungu
Aspergillus flavus can colonize important food staples and produce aflatoxins, a group of toxic and carcinogenic secondary metabolites. Previous in silico analysis of the A. flavus genome revealed 56 gene clusters predicted to be involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. A. flavus secondary metabolites produced during infection of maize seed are of particular interest, especially with respect to their roles in the biology of the fungus. A predicted nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like (NRPS-like) gene, designated asaC (AFLA_023020), present in the uncharacterized A...
July 2018: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Nayara C Saldan, Rafaela T R Almeida, Alexandre Avíncola, Carla Porto, Marília B Galuch, Thiago F S Magon, Eduardo J Pilau, Terezinha I E Svidzinski, Claudio C Oliveira
Aspergillus flavus is a filamentous fungus found in nature and characterized by the production of bright and colourful colonies. It grows on different substrates, producing secondary metabolites and, if present in foodstuffs, can be a source of health problems for humans and animals, as well as causing economic losses. Traditional methods for fungal identification are based on morphological characteristics, requiring specialists and being very time-consuming. The development of analytical alternatives might have advantages such as greater efficiency, more reproducibility and be less time-consuming...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
A Das, S Pandit, S K Das, S Basuthakur, S Das
Pulmonary involvement by Aspergillus sp. mainly includes allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, aspergilloma, and invasive aspergillosis. Aspergilloma (Fungal ball) is the most common form of aspergillous pulmonary involvement, which occurs in preexisting pulmonary cavities, especially secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a rare cause of upper lobe fibro-cavitary lesions in pulmonary parenchyma. It may also lead to development of fungal balls in pulmonary cavities. Most common presentation is mild to massive hemoptysis; dyspnoea, chronic cough, expectoration may be other presentation; even the patient may remain asymptomatic...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
V Duraipandiyan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, S Ignacimuthu
The present report is about Streptomyces sp. isolate ERI-26 isolated from the soil sample of Nilgiri forest, Western Ghats. The methanol extract of ERI-26 showed good antimicrobial activity against tested microbes. The antimicrobial novel anthraquinones were purified by bioactivity-guided fractionation using a silica gel column and preparative HPLC. The compound was characterized and identified by UV, IR, NMR and MASS spectral data. The compound named as 6,6(1)-bis (1,5,7-trihydroxy-3-hydroxymethylanthraquinone), showed significant antimicrobial activities against tested microbes...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Jessica E Morgan, Hadeel Hassan, Julia V Cockle, Christopher Lethaby, Beki James, Robert S Phillips
PURPOSE: The incidence of invasive fungal disease (IFD) is rising, but its treatment in paediatric haematology and oncology patients is not yet standardised. This review aimed to critically appraise and analyse the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) that are available for paediatric IFD. METHODS: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, MEDLINE in-Process & Other non-Indexed Citations, the Guidelines International Network (GIN), and Google were performed and combined fungal disease (Fung* OR antifung*OR Candida* OR Aspergill*) with prophylaxis or treatment (prophyl* OR therap* OR treatment)...
January 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
James R Schwartz
Zinc pyrithione (ZPT) is an active material that has been used for over 50 years to effectively treat dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis (D/SD). It has become the most common material for that purpose, its use has expanded to include other skin benefits such as skin hygiene. However, there is much about ZPT that is unappreciated. It is a rationally developed molecule that was modeled after the naturally occurring antimicrobial aspergillic acid. The molecular basis for its antifungal activity has been elucidated...
February 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Noriyasu Ishikawa, Hidenori Tanaka, Fumi Koyama, Hiroshi Noguchi, Clay C C Wang, Kinya Hotta, Kenji Watanabe
The 6,6-quinolone scaffold of the viridicatin-type of fungal alkaloids are found in various quinolone alkaloids which often exhibit useful biological activities. Thus, it is of interest to identify viridicatin-forming enzymes and understand how such alkaloids are biosynthesized. Here an Aspergillal gene cluster responsible for the biosynthesis of 4'-methoxyviridicatin was identified. Detailed in vitro studies led to the discovery of the dioxygenase AsqJ which performs two distinct oxidations: first desaturation to form a double bond and then monooxygenation of the double bond to install an epoxide...
November 17, 2014: Angewandte Chemie
V Duraipandiyan, N A Al-Dhabi, C Balachandran, M Karunai Raj, M Valan Arasu, S Ignacimuthu
Streptomyces sp. isolate ERI-26 was obtained from the Nilgiris forest soil of Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Novel anthraquinone compound was isolated from the active fraction 5; it was identified by spectroscopical data using UV, IR, NMR and MASS. The isolated compound 1,5,7-trihydroxy-3-hydroxy methyl anthraquinone was tested against bacteria and fungi at minimum inhibitory concentration level. The compound showed significant antimicrobial activity against bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus at 125 μg/ml, Staphylococcus epidermidis at 62...
November 2014: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Yuta Tsunematsu, Manami Fukutomi, Takayoshi Saruwatari, Hiroshi Noguchi, Kinya Hotta, Yi Tang, Kenji Watanabe
Pseurotins comprise a family of structurally related Aspergillal natural products having interesting bioactivity. However, little is known about the biosynthetic steps involved in the formation of their complex chemical features. Systematic deletion of the pseurotin biosynthetic genes in A. fumigatus and in vivo and in vitro characterization of the tailoring enzymes to determine the biosynthetic intermediates, and the gene products responsible for the formation of each intermediate, are described. Thus, the main biosynthetic steps leading to the formation of pseurotin A from the predominant precursor, azaspirene, were elucidated...
August 4, 2014: Angewandte Chemie
Balbir Khan, Ravi Vohra, Rajwinder Kaur, Sukhwinder Singh
While invasive aspergillosis occurs typically in severely immunocompromised patients, cases of surgical site infections have been reported in immunocompetent individuals. The purpose is to report an eye with post-operative Aspergillus endophthalmitis, which achieved a good visual outcome following early and aggressive treatment. A young patient, known case of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis presented to us with post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis. He was treated with pars plana vitrectomy and intravitreal voriconazole and systemic itraconazole...
March 2014: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Xinya Xu, Fei He, Xiaoyong Zhang, Jie Bao, Shuhua Qi
Nine mycotoxins including six aspergillic acid group toxins, aluminiumneoaspergillin (1), zirconiumneoaspergillin (2), aspergilliamide (3), ferrineoaspergillin (5), flavacol (6), neoaspergillic acid (7), and three ochratoxins, ochratoxin A n-butyl ester (4), ochratoxin A (8), ochratoxin A methyl ester (9), were isolated from the fermentation broth of marine gorgonian derived fungus Aspergillus sp. SCSGAF0093. Four of them (1-4) were new mycotoxins, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence...
March 2013: Food and Chemical Toxicology
O D Baĭdik, P G Sysoliatin, S V Logvinov
The results of this morphological study of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinuses in the patients presenting with the non-invasive fungal form of odontogenic sinusitis revealed the signs of granulematous inflammation. Epithelium underwent metaplasia into the single-row cubic or prismatic layer. The invasive form of fungal odontogenic sinusitis was characterized by allergic inflammation with intensive infiltration of maxillary sinus mucosa by antigen-representing and effector cells.
2012: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Yutsuki Nakajima
[Surgery for pulmonary multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis] For pulmonary MDR tuberculosis the author (me) had been operating many cases in Fukujuji Hospital JATA in fifteen years. For treatment, the points of operations are as follows: 1) Surgery is one of many treatable events, 2) The strategy is that cavitary foci as major sites of tuberculous expectoration have to be removed and other small foci are treated by not strong chemotherapies, 3) Final goal of surgical treatments is set up preoperatively, and its procedures are stepped up gradually...
December 2011: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
Sarah S Gonçalves, Alberto M Stchigel, Josep F Cano, Patricio C Godoy-Martinez, Arnaldo L Colombo, Josep Guarro
During a survey on the incidence of Aspergillus in clinical environments, we found some interesting isolates that were morphologically similar to Aspergillus parasiticus, but differed in the color of the colonies and in the pattern of their conidial ornamentation. In the present study, those isolates were characterized using a polyphasic approach. A phylogenetic analysis was carried out, based on partial fragments of the acetamidase (amdS) and O-methyltransferase (omtS) genes and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA...
February 2012: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1946: Federation Proceedings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 1946: Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1947: Federation Proceedings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1947: Journal of Bacteriology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1948: Biological Bulletin
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