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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161794/feasibility-of-temporary-pancreatic-stenting-after-early-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#1
Jun Kyu Lee, Dong Kee Jang, Hyun Woo Kang, Sang Hyub Lee
Background/Aims: To assess the safety and effectiveness of temporary pancreatic stenting after early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis regardless of the severity or concomitant cholangitis. Methods: Temporary pancreatic stenting was performed in 79 patients with visualized pancreatic duct during ERCP. The outcomes of 64 patients with adequate pancreatic stenting (PS) and 15 patients with inadequate pancreatic stenting (no PS) were compared in this prospective, observational trial...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160012/near-infrared-spectroscopy-might-be-a-useful-tool-for-predicting-the-risk-of-vascular-complications-after-pediatric-liver-transplants-two-case-reports
#2
Juntaro Shiba, Masaaki Satoh, Koki Taira, Yasunori Niwa, Soichiro Inoue, Koichi Mizuta, Mamoru Takeuchi
In patients that have undergone liver transplants, a postoperative reduction in the blood flow of the liver graft represents a critical complication. We recently encountered an interesting phenomenon; that is, we found that the rSO2 level of the liver graft, as measured by NIRS, drops in patients that subsequently require an emergency liver biopsy. An 8-month-old female and an 8-month-old male underwent living donor liver transplants for biliary atresia. In both cases, a reduction in rSO2 was detected before an emergency liver biopsy was required...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149973/hepatitis-c-virus-recurrence-occurs-earlier-in-patients-receiving-donation-after-circulatory-death-liver-transplant-grafts-compared-with-those-receiving-donation-after-brainstem-death-grafts
#3
S A Townsend, M A Monga, P Nightingale, D Mutimer, A M Elsharkawy, A Holt
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis remains the commonest indication for liver transplantation worldwide, yet few studies have investigated the impact of donation after circulatory death (DCD) graft use on HCV recurrence and patient outcomes. DCD grafts have augmented the limited donor organ pool and reduced wait-list mortality, although concerns regarding graft longevity and patient outcome persist. METHODS: This was a single-center study of all HCV + adults who underwent DCD liver transplantation between 2004 and 2014...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149972/right-extended-split-liver-transplantation-compared-with-whole-liver-transplantation-lessons-learned-at-a-single-center-in-latin-america-results-from-a-match-case-control-study
#4
S E Gambaro, P Romero, N Pedraza, L Moulin, S Yantorno, D Ramisch, C Rumbo, P Barros-Schelotto, V Descalzi, G E Gondolesi
BACKGROUND: Despite the progressively increasing gap between patients waiting for liver transplant under the Model for End-stage Liver Disease MELD system and the availability of deceased donor organs, the use of right extended split liver grafts (RESLG) has not been accepted by all centers. In this study, we compared the results obtained using RESLG vs a group of matched whole liver graft (WLG) recipients at a single center in Latin America. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review performed between August 2009 and December 2015...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137249/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-versus-laparoscopic-exploration-for-common-bile-duct-stones-in-post-cholecystectomy-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
Xiaohong Wang, Chenguang Dai, Zhonghua Jiang, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Limei Ma, Xueming Tan, Li Liu, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan
Background and Objective: Common bile duct (CBD) stones are common in patients even after cholecystectomy. Besides endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP), laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is also applied. This study aims to compare clinical indications, therapeutic benefits and complications for these two managements. Methods: From October 2012 to February 2015, 1072 consecutive patients were diagnosed as choledocholithiasis in our single hospital...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137005/bare-metal-stents-across-the-vater-s-ampulla-is-a-safe-method-for-patients-with-lower-bile-duct-obstruction
#6
Xiao-Nan Mao, Zai-Ming Lu, Feng Wen, Hong-Yuan Liang, Qi-Yong Guo
This study explored the effect of the implant position of stents across the Vater's ampulla on treatment outcomes in patients with lower bile duct obstruction.In the retrospective study, 41 patients with malignant obstruction of the lower bile duct and obstructive jaundice received percutaneous transhepatic biliary placement of bare-metal stents. Basic demographic data on patients, such as sex, age, and primary diseases, and follow-up data, including postoperative complications and jaundice-free survival, were recorded...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135123/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-procedures-during-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec
#7
Ioannis Kyriazanos, Nikolaos Kopanakis, Vasileios Kalles, Alexios Tzivanakis, Georgios Nikolaou, Elias Efstathiou, John Spiliotis
PURPOSE: The combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been used as locoregional treatment in selected patients with peritoneal malignancy. The purpose of this study was to report on the outcomes of patients undergoing hepatobiliary and pancreatic procedures during CRS and HIPEC. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was used to identify patients that underwent hepatobilliary and/or pancreatic procedures during CRS and HIPEC...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133895/the-safety-and-feasibility-of-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-for-treatment-patients-with-previous-abdominal-surgery
#8
Yong Huang, Qian Feng, Kai Wang, Xiaoli Xiong, Shubing Zou
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) in patients with previous abdominal surgery (PAS). The outcomes were compared in 139 patients (103 upper and 36 lower abdominal surgeries) with PAS and 361 without PAS who underwent LCBDE. The operative time, hospital stay, rate of open conversion, postoperative complications, duct clearance, and blood loss were compared. Patients with PAS had longer operative times (P = 0.006), higher hospital costs (P = 0...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132521/gallbladder-dysfunction-cholecystitis-choledocholithiasis-cholangitis-and-biliary-dyskinesia
#9
REVIEW
Thad Wilkins, Edward Agabin, Jason Varghese, Asif Talukder
The prevalence of gallstones is 10% to 15% in adults. Individuals with acute cholecystitis present with right upper quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis. Management includes supportive care and cholecystectomy. The prevalence of choledocholithiasis is 10% to 20%, and serious complications include cholangitis and gallstone pancreatitis. The goal of management in individuals with choledocholithiasis consists of clearing common bile duct stones. Acute ascending cholangitis is a life-threatening condition involving acute inflammation and infection of the common bile duct...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131247/comparison-of-cholecystectomy-and-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-in-acute-cholecystitis-results-of-a-retrospective-study
#10
A La Greca, M Di Grezia, S Magalini, A Di Giorgio, C Lodoli, G Di Flumeri, V Cozza, G Pepe, M Foco, M Bossola, D Gui
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the clinical outcomes of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) and cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis admitted to an urban University Hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 646 patients with acute cholecystitis. Ninety patients had placement of a PC at their index hospitalization, and 556 underwent cholecystectomy. Of the 90 patients with PC, 13 underwent subsequent elective cholecystectomy. RESULTS: Overall, in-hospital mortality and postoperative complications were significantly higher in patients who received PC than in those who underwent cholecystectomy...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130583/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-in-the-management-of-biliary-complications-after-paediatric-liver-transplantation
#11
Sivaramakrishnan Venkatesh Karthik, Seng-Hock Quak, Marion M Aw
BACKGROUND: The published paediatric experience with Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis and management of biliary complications following liver transplantation (LT) is limited. AIMS: We describe our experience with ERCP in the management of children following LT who presented with biliary complications, over a 20 year period (1995-2014). METHODS: The retrospectively reviewed data is summarized descriptively...
November 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129486/a-nationwide-analysis-of-re-exploration-after-liver-transplant
#12
Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Mahmoud Alameddine, Joshua S Jue, Giselle Guerra, Gennaro Selvaggi, Seigo Nishida, J Fan, Thiago Beduschi, Rodrigo Vianna
BACKGROUND: A retrospective review to investigate rate and outcomes of re-exploration following liver transplantation in the United States. METHODS: The NIS database was used to examine outcomes of patients who underwent re-exploration following liver transplantation from 2002 to 2012. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to compare outcomes of patients with and without reoperation. RESULTS: We sampled a total of 12,075 patients who underwent liver transplantation...
November 9, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127685/the-first-case-of-ischemia-free-organ-transplantation-in-humans-a-proof-of-concept
#13
Xiaoshun He, Zhiyong Guo, Qiang Zhao, Weiqiang Ju, Dongping Wang, Linwei Wu, Lu Yang, Fei Ji, Yunhua Tang, Zhiheng Zhang, Shanzhou Huang, Linhe Wang, Zebin Zhu, Kunpeng Liu, Yanling Zhu, Yifang Gao, Wei Xiong, Ming Han, Bing Liao, Maogen Chen, Yi Ma, Xiaofeng Zhu, Wenqi Huang, Changjie Cai, Xiangdong Guan, Xian Chang Li, Jiefu Huang
Ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) is an inevitable event in conventional organ transplant procedure and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity post-transplantation. We hypothesize that IRI is avoidable if the blood supply for the organ is not stopped, thus resulting in optimal transplant outcomes. Here we described the first case of a novel procedure called ischemia-free organ transplantation (IFOT) for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver graft with severe macrovesicular steatosis was donated from a 25-year-old man...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123581/surgical-treatment-of-hepatic-echinococcus-granulosus
#14
Waldemar Patkowski, Maciej Krasnodębski, Michał Grąt, Łukasz Masior, Marek Krawczyk
Introduction: Infections caused by metacestode stage of the Echinococcus granulosus in humans result in disease named cystic echinococcosis. Aim: To present the outcomes of patients treated surgically for cystic echinococcosis of the liver. Material and methods: One hundred and nineteen patients treated in the period between 1989 and 2014 due to E. granulosus infection in the Department of General, Transplant, and Liver Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw were selected for this retrospective study...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118690/pneumoperitoneum-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-due-to-rupture-of-intrahepatic-bile-ducts-and-glisson-s-capsule-in-hepatic-metastasis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Mohamad Nawras, Muhammad Bawany, Jacob Bieszczad, Osama Alaradi, Ali Nawras
Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been proven to be a safe and effective method for diagnosis and treatment of biliary and pancreatic disorders. Major complications of ERCP include pancreatitis, hemorrhage, cholangitis, and duodenal perforation. We report a third case in literature of pneumoperitoneum after ERCP due to rupture of intrahepatic bile ducts and Glisson's capsule in a peripheral hepatic lesion. Case Report: A 50-year-old male with a history of metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor and who had a partially covered metallic stent placed in the biliary tree 1 year ago presented to the oncology clinic with fatigue, abdominal pain, and hypotension...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118687/renoportal-anastomosis-in-left-lateral-lobe-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-pediatric-case
#16
Hiroyuki Ogasawara, Chikashi Nakanishi, Shigehito Miyagi, Kazuaki Tokodai, Yasuyuki Hara, Wataru Nakanishi, Koji Miyazawa, Kenji Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kumata, Hitoshi Goto, Masafumi Goto, Michiaki Unno, Takashi Kamei
In adult liver transplantation, renoportal anastomosis (RPA) has been introduced as a useful technique for patients with grade 4 portal vein thrombosis and a splenorenal shunt. Here, we report a pediatric case in which RPA allowed a left lateral lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) despite portal vein thrombosis and a large splenorenal shunt. At 36 days old, the patient underwent a Kasai operation for biliary atresia. At 17 months old, she underwent LDLT because of repetitive cholangitis. Pretransplant examinations revealed a large splenorenal shunt and portal vein thrombosis...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118686/hepatectomy-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-right-sided-ligamentum-teres-using-a-hepatectomy-simulation-system
#17
Seikan Hai, Etsuro Hatano, Tadamichi Hirano, Yasukane Asano, Kazuhiro Suzumura, Hideaki Sueoka, Jiro Fujimoto
Right-sided ligamentum teres (RSLT) is a rare congenital anomaly often accompanied by variation of the hepatic vasculature. We herein report a surgical case of a hilar cholangiocarcinoma with RSLT in whom preoperative hepatectomy simulation proved useful for understanding the anatomical structure of the liver. A 78-year-old male with obstructive jaundice was referred to our department for further examination. The patient was suspected of having a hilar cholangiocarcinoma originating from the left hepatic bile duct by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and CT also showed right umbilical portion (RUP)...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116490/impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-failure-to-rescue-from-major-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-cancer-results-from-a-multicenter-study
#18
Nicolò Pecorelli, Giovanni Capretti, Marta Sandini, Anna Damascelli, Giulia Cristel, Francesco De Cobelli, Luca Gianotti, Alessandro Zerbi, Marco Braga
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue (FTR) is a quality-of-care indicator in pancreatic surgery, but may also identify patients who may not tolerate major postoperative complications despite being treated with best available care. Previous studies found that high visceral adipose tissue-to-skeletal muscle ratio is associated with poor outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of the study is to assess the impact of sarcopenic obesity on occurrence of FTR from major complications in cancer patients undergoing PD...
November 7, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116342/gastroenterology-and-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-what-the-radiologist-needs-to-know
#19
Abhik Bhattacharya, Namita S Gandhi, Mark E Baker, Prabhleen Chahal
In this article, we review the information that radiologists need to know regarding the endoscopic approach to the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cancer. This includes a review of the indications, techniques, and complications of endoscopic ultrasound. We also review information regarding endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, including the various biliary drainage techniques and the use of endoscopic palliation for patients with pancreatic cancer.
November 7, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115652/early-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-following-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-expedites-recovery
#20
Seracettin Eğin, Metin Yeşiltaş, Berk Gökçek, Hakan Tezer, Servet Rüştü Karahan
BACKGROUND: In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess the reliability of early cholecystectomy, risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis, and their effects on hospital length of stay and morbidity by comparing the results of early and late laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. METHODS: A total of 131 patients, who were diagnosed with acute biliary pancreatitis at Okmeydanı Education and Research Hospital in January 2009-December 2012, were included in the study...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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