keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cervical spinal cord injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921020/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-fractures
#1
Mahnaz Yadollahi, Shahram Paydar, Haleh Ghaem, Mohammad Ghorbani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Ali Taheri Akerdi, Eimen Jalili, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hossein Ali Khalili, Ali Haghnegahdar, Shahram Bolandparvaz
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology of cervical spine fractures (CSfx) in trauma patients of general population is not yet exclusively known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of CSfx in trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from trauma patients admitted in the emergency room (ER) of Shiraz Shahid Rajaei hospital during the 3.5 years period from September 22, 2009 to March 21, 2013, were gathered. All trauma patients with CSfx and/or spinal cord injuries were included in the study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917700/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-following-elevated-mean-arterial-pressures-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Jeffrey H Zimering, Addisu Mesfin
BACKGROUND: Increasing the mean arterial pressure (MAP) is an accepted treatment modality to minimize the risk for irreversible neurologic damage secondary to spinal cord ischemia. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication occurring after transplantation surgery, in persons having an autoimmune disorder or after abrupt increases in blood pressure of various etiologies. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907962/critical-care-of-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-preventing-secondary-injury
#3
Gary Schwartzbauer, Deborah Stein
The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has not changed much over the years due to an aging population suffering falls, yet advances have been made in quality of life and survival time. In addition to initial medical and surgical stabilization, modern intensive care unit (ICU) care throughout the critical early period following SCI is essential to avoid continued secondary injury to the spinal cord. Cervical SCI patients are particularly prone and sensitive to periods of cardiovascular instability and respiratory failure directly resulting from their injuries...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898477/costs-and-length-of-stay-for-the-acute-care-of-patients-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury-following-cervical-trauma-the-impact-of-early-transfer-to-specialized-acute-sci-center
#4
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Étienne Bourassa-Moreau, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
OBJECTIVE: Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) centers aim to optimize outcome following SCI. However, there is no timeframe to transfer patients from regional to SCI centers in order to promote cost-efficiency of acute care. Our objective was to compare costs and length of stay (LOS) following early and late transfer to the SCI center. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (n = 87) was managed in an SCI center promptly after the trauma, whereas group 2 (n = 29) was transferred to the SCI center only after surgery...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893643/early-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-does-not-lead-to-an-increased-risk-of-surgical-site-infection-following-anterior-spinal-surgery
#5
Chris Kaczmarek, Mirko Aach, Martin F Hoffmann, Emre Yilmaz, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A Schildhauer, Uwe Hamsen
BACKGROUND: Most patients suffering cervical spinal cord injuries require tracheostomy. The optimal timing is still a matter of debate. Previous studies showed that patients receiving early tracheostomy had fewer ventilator days, decreased rates of pneumonia, and were mobilized earlier. Due to the proximity of the anterior approach to the tracheostoma, there is concern about an increased risk of surgical site infection related to tracheostomy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis at a Level 1 trauma center of patient records from 2008-2014, identifying all patients with spinal cord injury who received anterior cervical spinal surgery and had early percutaneous dilational tracheostomy...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886885/classification-and-management-of-pediatric-subaxial-cervical-spine-injuries
#6
REVIEW
Casey J Madura, James M Johnston
Appropriate management of subaxial spine injury in children requires an appreciation for the differences in anatomy, biomechanics, injury patterns, and treatment options compared with adult patients. Increased flexibility, weak neck muscles, and cranial disproportion predispose younger children to upper cervical injuries and spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality. A majority of subaxial cervical spine injuries can be treated nonoperatively. Surgical instrumentation options for children have significantly increased in recent years...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884737/botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-alleviates-mechanical-hypersensitivity-associated-with-infraorbital-nerve-constriction-injury-in-rats
#7
Noboru Noma, Kosuke Watanabe, Yuka Sato, Yoshiki Imamura, Yumiko Yamamoto, Reio Ito, Mitsuru Maruno, Kohei Shimizu, Koichi Iwata
We investigated the effect of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) on mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia associated with infraorbital nerve constriction (ION-CCI) in rats. ION-CCI rats received a subcutaneous BoNT-A injection into the whisker pad area on day 7 postoperatively and underwent pain assessment on days 14 and 21 postoperatively. Rats were assigned to one of four treatment groups (n=5 each): ION-CCI+BoNT-A 20pg (low-dose group), ION-CCI+BoNT-A 200pg (high-dose group), ION-CCI+saline, and Sham. Mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia were evaluated preoperatively (baseline) and on days 7, 14, and 21 postoperatively...
November 21, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#8
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881723/intraspinal-microstimulation-and-diaphragm-activation-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Lynne M Mercier, Elisa J Gonzalez-Rothi, Kristi A Streeter, Savannah S Posgai, Alexander S Poirier, David D Fuller, Paul J Reier, David M Baekey
Intraspinal microstimulation (ISMS), using implanted electrodes, can evoke locomotor movements after spinal cord injury (SCI), but has not been explored in the context of respiratory motor output. An advantage over epidural and direct muscle stimulation is the potential of ISMS to selectively stimulate components of the spinal respiratory network. The present study tested the hypothesis that medullary respiratory activity could be used to trigger mid-cervical ISMS and diaphragm motor unit activation in rats with cervical SCI...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881040/a-single-dose-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-increases-the-functional-recovery-promoted-by-rehabilitation-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-rat
#10
Zhuo-Hao Liu, Ping Yip, John V Priestley, Adina T Michael-Titus
Task-specific rehabilitation has been shown to promote functional recovery after acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Recently, the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been shown to promote neuroplasticity after SCI. Here, we investigated whether the combination of a single bolus of DHA with rehabilitation can enhance the effect of DHA or rehabilitation therapy in adult injured spinal cord. We found enhanced functional improvement with DHA in combination with rehabilitation compared to either treatment alone in a rat cervical lateral hemisection SCI model...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866248/microanatomy-of-the-brachial-plexus-roots-and-its-clinical-significance
#11
Li-Yuan Zhong, Ai-Ping Wang, Li Hong, Sheng-Hua Chen, Xian-Qin Wang, Yun-Cheng Lv, Tian-Hong Peng
PURPOSE: To provide the anatomical basis of brachial plexus roots for the diagnosis and treatment of brachial plexus root avulsion injury. METHODS: The morphological features of brachial plexus roots were observed and measured on 15 cervicothoracic spine of adult cadavers. The relationship of brachial plexus nerve roots and the surrounding tissues also were observed, as well as the blood supply of anterior and posterior roots of the brachial plexus. RESULTS: Origination of the nerve roots in the dorsal-ventral direction from the midline was fine-tuned at each level along the spinal cord...
November 19, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864669/subaxial-cervical-spine-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Eric Feuchtbaum, Jacob Buchowski, Lukas Zebala
Subaxial cervical spine trauma is common and an often missed diagnosis. Accurate and efficient diagnosis and management is necessary to avoid devastating complications such as spinal cord injury. Several classification schemes have been devised to help categorize fractures of the subaxial spine and define treatment algorithms. The Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification System (SLIC) is widely used and evaluates not only fracture morphology but also considers ligamentous injury and neurological status in surgical decision making...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861250/mri-analysis-of-the-combined-prospectively-collected-aospine-north-america-and-international-data-the-prevalence-and-spectrum-of-pathologies-in-a-global-cohort-of-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#13
Aria Nouri, Allan Martin, Lindsay Tetreault, Anick Nater, So Kato, Hiroaki Nakashima, Narihito Nagoshi, Hamed Reihani-Kermani, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Ambispective Analysis OBJECTIVE.: To report the global prevalence of specific degenerative cervical pathologies in patients with DCM through detailed review of MRIs SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy (DCM) encompasses a spectrum of age-related conditions that result in progressive spinal cord injury. METHODS: MRIs of 458 patients (age 56.4 +/-11.8, 285 Male, 173 Female) patients were reviewed for specific degenerative features, directionality of cord compression, levels of spinal cord compression, and signal changes on T2WI and T1WI...
November 16, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857994/triple-trouble-a-case-of-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-patient-with-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-and-disc-prolapse
#14
Kosar Hussain, Sally Khalid Ahmed Abu-Khumra, Firas Jaafar Kareem Alnajjar, Motea Mohamad Abdo
We describe the case of a trauma patient who presented to our emergency department with signs and symptoms suggestive of cervical cord injury. The patient had an underlying ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament with multiple cervical disc prolapses from C3 to C7. The presence of these two factors increased the impact of the traumatic cervical cord injury. The patient underwent spinal decompression via laminectomy. Unfortunately, his neurological status did not show any significant improvement after the surgery...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853664/return-to-play-after-cervical-spine-injuries-a-consensus-of-opinion
#15
John C France, Michael Karsy, James S Harrop, Andrew T Dailey
Study Design Survey. Objective Sports-related spinal cord injury (SCI) represents a growing proportion of total SCIs but lacks evidence or guidelines to guide clinical decision-making on return to play (RTP). Our objective is to offer the treating physician a consensus analysis of expert opinion regarding RTP that can be incorporated with the unique factors of a case for clinical decision-making. Methods Ten common clinical scenarios involving neurapraxia and stenosis, atlantoaxial injury, subaxial injury, and general cervical spine injury were presented to 25 spine surgeons from level 1 trauma centers for whom spine trauma is a significant component of their practice...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852734/increases-in-human-motoneuron-excitability-after-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-depend-on-the-level-of-injury
#16
Christine K Thomas, Charlotte K Hager, Cliff S Klein
After human spinal cord injury (SCI), motoneuron recruitment and firing rate during voluntary and involuntary contractions may be altered by changes in motoneuron excitability. Our aim was to compare F-waves in single thenar motor units paralyzed by cervical SCI to those in uninjured controls because at the single unit level, F-waves primarily reflect the intrinsic properties of the motoneuron and its initial segment. With intraneural motor axon stimulation, F-waves were evident in all four participants with C4-level SCI, absent in eight with C5 or C6 injury, and present in six of 12 Uninjured participants (p<0...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850604/966-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-patients-liberated-from-mechanical-ventilation-with-respiratory-protocol
#17
Maria Madden, Kendall Williams, Angela Toney, Sabrina Cho, Kara Vogt, Jennifer McGrain, Tera Martin, Deborah Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847728/development-of-a-novel-alarm-system-to-improve-adaptation-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Sang Hun Kim, Yong Beom Shin, Myung Hun Jang, Soo-Yeon Kim, Jung Hoon Ro
In this case report, we want to introduce a successful way of applying non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with a full face mask in patients with high cervical spinal cord injury through a novel alarm system for communication. A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with C3 American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale (AIS) B. We applied NIV for treatment of hypercapnia. Because of mouth opening during sleep, a full face mask was the only way to use NIV. However, he could not take off the mask by himself, and this situation caused great fear...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847133/c1-lateral-mass-screw-insertion-caudally-from-c2-nerve-root-an-alternate-method-for-insertion-of-c1-screws-a-technical-note-and-preliminary-clinical-results
#19
Keiji Wada, Ryo Tamaki, Mitsuru Yui, Daisuke Numaguchi, Yasuaki Murata
BACKGROUND: C1 lateral mass screw was widely used for fixation of the upper cervical spine. However, massive bleeding from the C1-2 venous plexus is sometimes encountered. In this study, we proposed an alternate method for C1 lateral mass screw insertion, which involves insertion of the screws caudally from the C2 nerve root to reduce bleeding from C1-2 venous plexus. METHODS: Seven patients with atlantoaxial lesions were included in this study. The mean age at surgery was 65...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843690/diagnostic-potential-of-the-diffusion-tensor-tractography-with-fractional-anisotropy-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cervical-spondylotic-and-posttraumatic-myelopathy
#20
Alessandro Landi, Gualtiero Innocenzi, Giovanni Grasso, Alessandro Meschini, Francesco Fabbiano, Paola Castri, Roberto Delfini
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based methodology widely used for the evaluation of microstructural integrity of the central nervous system (CNS), particularly of brain white matter fibers and bundles. METHODS: The most common parameters evaluated in a DTI study are the fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD). Combining FA and MD analyses is commonly used in the evaluation of various types of brain pathologies, such as brain tumors, where a combined analysis allows an accurate tumor characterization...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
keyword
keyword
47468
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"