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T2 mapping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222685/prediction-of-outcome-using-pretreatment-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-mri-radiomics-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#1
François Lucia, Dimitris Visvikis, Marie-Charlotte Desseroit, Omar Miranda, Jean-Pierre Malhaire, Philippe Robin, Olivier Pradier, Mathieu Hatt, Ulrike Schick
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine if radiomics features from 18fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images could contribute to prognoses in cervical cancer. METHODS: One hundred and two patients (69 for training and 33 for testing) with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) receiving chemoradiotherapy (CRT) from 08/2010 to 12/2016 were enrolled in this study. 18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI examination [T1, T2, T1C, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)] were performed for each patient before CRT...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220303/locally-aggressive-connective-tissue-tumors
#2
Mrinal M Gounder, David M Thomas, William D Tap
In this review, we highlight the complexities of the natural history, biology, and clinical management of three intermediate connective tissue tumors: desmoid tumor (DT) or aggressive fibromatosis, tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) or diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis (dtPVNS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). Intermediate histologies include tumors of both soft tissue and bone origin and are locally aggressive and rarely metastatic. Some common aspects to these tumors are that they can be locally infiltrative and/or impinge on critical organs, which leads to disfigurement, pain, loss of function and mobility, neurovascular compromise, and occasionally life-threatening consequences, such as mesenteric, bowel, ureteral, and/or bladder obstruction...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219019/quantitative-mri-of-human-cartilage-in-vivo-relationships-with-arthroscopic-indentation-stiffness-and-defect-severity
#3
Tuomas Svärd, Martti Lakovaara, Harri Pakarinen, Marianne Haapea, Ilkka Kiviranta, Eveliina Lammentausta, Jukka Jurvelin, Osmo Tervonen, Risto Ojala, Miika Nieminen
Objective To investigate the association of cartilage defect severity, as determined by the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grading with indentation stiffness and T2 relaxation time of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a biomarker for the integrity of articular cartilage. Design Twenty-one patients scheduled for arthroscopic were included in the study. Prior to arthroscopy, subjects underwent quantitative MRI of articular cartilage, namely T2 relaxation time mapping at 1.5 T. Within 2 months, subjects underwent arthroscopy, which also included ICRS grading and measurement of arthroscopic indentation stiffness...
January 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214167/comparison-of-us-strain-elastography-and-entero-mri-to-typify-the-mesenteric-and-bowel-wall-changes-during-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#4
Giuseppe Lo Re, Dario Picone, Federica Vernuccio, Laura Scopelliti, Ambra Di Piazza, Chiara Tudisca, Salvatore Serraino, Giambattista Privitera, Federico Midiri, Sergio Salerno, Massimo Midiri, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Roberto Lagalla
Purpose: To evaluate and compare the mesenteric and bowel wall changes during Crohn's disease (CD) on ultrasonography (US) Strain Elastography (SE) and Enterography Magnetic Resonance Imaging (E-MRI). Methods: From July 2014 to September 2016, 35 patients with ileocolonoscopy diagnosis of CD were prospectively examined with E-MRI and in the same time with US and SE. Results: A total of 41 affected bowel segments and 35 unaffected bowel segments in 35 patients were evaluated...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209734/effects-of-hypothyroidism-on-serotonin-1a-receptors-in-the-rat-brain
#5
Jae-Hoon Lee, Minkyung Lee, Ji-Ae Park, Young Hoon Ryu, Kyo Chul Lee, Kyeong Min Kim, Jae Yong Choi
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of hypothyroidism on serotonin 1A receptors in the rat brain in vivo. METHODS: Five surgically thyroidectomized male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and five hypophysectomized SD rats were used as animal models of hypothyroidism; the same number of sham-operated SD rats served as age-matched controls. After hypothyroidism was confirmed by thyroid function tests, serotonin positron emission tomography (PET) was performed for 120 min...
December 5, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208853/investigations-of-cartilage-matrix-degeneration-in-patients-with-early-stage-femoral-head-necrosis
#6
Ronghua Xu, Bo Wei, Jiayi Li, Chenyu Huang, Rongcai Lin, Cheng Tang, Yan Xu, Qingqiang Yao, Liming Wang
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to explore changes in cartilage matrix in early-stage femoral head necrosis (FHN). MATERIAL AND METHODS Femoral head samples of patients with early FHN were collected during total hip arthroplasty (THA), high-field 7.0T MRI scans were performed in vitro, and the average T2 values were calculated. Cartilage samples were obtained from the weight-bearing area (FHN group) and non-weight-bearing area (Control group), divided into 3 equal parts and used for biochemical analysis, histopathological staining, and gene expression analysis...
December 6, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207964/concordance-of-fdg-pet-ct-metabolic-tumour-volume-versus-dw-mri-functional-tumour-volume-with-t2-weighted-anatomical-tumour-volume-in-cervical-cancer
#7
Alta Y T Lai, Jose A U Perucho, Xiaopei Xu, Edward S Hui, Elaine Y P Lee
BACKGROUND: 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) has been employed to define radiotherapy targets using a threshold based on the standardised uptake value (SUV), and has been described for use in cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between the metabolic tumour volume (MTV) measured on FDG PET/CT and the anatomical tumour volume (ATV) measured on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2W-MRI); and compared with the functional tumour volume (FTV) measured on diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) in cervical cancer, taking the T2W-ATV as gold standard...
December 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204454/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-patellofemoral-chondromalacia-is-there-a-role-for-t2-mapping
#8
Carola F van Eck, R Scott Kingston, John V Crues, F Daniel Kharrazi
Background: Patellofemoral pain is common, and treatment is guided by the presence and grade of chondromalacia. Purpose: To evaluate and compare the sensitivity and specificity in detecting and grading chondral abnormalities of the patella between proton density fat suppression (PDFS) and T2 mapping magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A total of 25 patients who underwent MRI of the knee with both a PDFS sequence and T2 mapping and subsequently underwent arthroscopic knee surgery were included...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204189/reversible-splenial-lesion-syndrome-resles-coinciding-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-report-of-two-cases
#9
REVIEW
Jingyi Liu, Dacheng Liu, Bo Yang, Jing Yan, Yuehua Pu, Jing Zhang, Miao Wen, Zhonghua Yang, Liping Liu
A total of two postpartum women with no noteworthy medical history presented with persistent headache. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of both revealed extensive cerebral venous thrombosis, concurrently with abnormal signals of the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC): The splenium appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) imaging, and hypointense on T1 sequences and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map. The patients were given thrombolytic therapy...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202992/beneficial-clinical-effects-but-limited-tissue-quality-following-osteochondral-repair-with-a-cell-free-multilayered-nano-composite-scaffold-in-the-talus
#10
Martin Kaipel, Markus Schreiner, Richard Kellner, Joachim Klikovits, Sebastian Apprich, Martin Brix, Harald Boszotta, Stephan Domayer, Siegfried Trattnig
BACKGROUND: The treatment of larger osteochondral lesions of the talus remains an operative challenge. In addition to micro fracturing and osteochondral transplantation one promising strategy could be the operative repair with a cell-free multilayered nano-composite scaffold with the potential to regenerate bone and cartilage in one treatment. METHODS: In this prospective case series four consecutive patients who suffered from a single osteochondral lesion (≥1...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202501/assessment-of-t2-relaxation-times-for-normal-canine-knee-articular-cartilage-by-t2-mapping-using-1-5-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Asami Matsui, Miki Shimizu, Brian Beale, Fumitaka Takahashi, Sinya Yamaguchi
Objectives This study aims to assess and compare the T2 relaxation times for articular cartilage of normal canine stifle joints in four regions by T2 mapping using a 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods In vivo prospective study: 20 hindlimbs (left and right) from 10 normal healthy beagle dogs (n = 20). The region of interest (ROI) was subdivided into medial and lateral condyles of femoral cartilage (MF and LF, respectively) and medial and lateral condyles of tibial cartilage (MT and LT, respectively)...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201194/protective-effect-of-zoledronic-acid-on-articular-cartilage-and-subchondral-bone-of-rabbits-with-experimental-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Guorong She, Ziqi Zhou, Zhengang Zha, Fei Wang, Xiaoting Pan
Subchondral bone reabsorption and remodeling are responsible for the initiation and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Zoledronic acid (ZOL), a third-generation bisphosphonate (BIS), is an inhibitor of bone reabsorption. However, the intervention effect of ZOL on OA has not been fully characterized and remains to be directly demonstrated in animal experiments. The present study examined the microscopic and macroscopic changes in the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model of OA in rabbits and evaluated the effects of ZOL on cartilage degeneration and subchondral bone loss...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197695/probing-numerical-laplace-inversion-methods-for-two-and-three-site-molecular-exchange-between-interconnected-pore-structures
#13
Emilia V Silletta, María B Franzoni, Gustavo A Monti, Rodolfo H Acosta
Two-dimension (2D) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance relaxometry experiments are a powerful tool extensively used to probe the interaction among different pore structures, mostly in inorganic systems. The analysis of the collected experimental data generally consists of a 2D numerical inversion of time-domain data where T2-T2 maps are generated. Through the years, different algorithms for the numerical inversion have been proposed. In this paper, two different algorithms for numerical inversion are tested and compared under different conditions of exchange dynamics; the method based on Butler-Reeds-Dawson (BRD) algorithm and the fast-iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm (FISTA) method...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196823/quantitative-mapping-of-glenohumeral-cartilage-in-asymptomatic-subjects-using-3%C3%A2-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Carly A Lockard, Katharine J Wilson, Charles P Ho, Richard C Shin, J Christoph Katthagen, Peter J Millett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop quantitative T2 mapping methodology in asymptomatic shoulders for the entire mappable region of the glenohumeral cartilage in the coronal and sagittal planes, to assess the feasibility and limitations of the development of a diagnostic tool for future application in symptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one asymptomatic volunteers underwent sagittal and coronal glenohumeral T2 mapping, as the spherical geometry of the humeral head obviates the need to evaluate the entire glenohumeral cartilage in a single plane...
December 1, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190227/potential-of-noncontrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-characterization-of-breast-lesions-intraindividual-comparison-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Pascal A T Baltzer, Hubert Bickel, Claudio Spick, Georg Wengert, Ramona Woitek, Panagiotis Kapetas, Paola Clauser, Thomas H Helbich, Katja Pinker
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the potential of noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging (NC-MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in characterization of breast lesions in comparison to dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) at 3 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with conventional imaging (mammography, ultrasound) BI-RADS 4/5 findings were included in this institutional review board-approved single-center study. All underwent 3 T breast MRI including readout-segmented DWI, DCE, and T2-weighted sequences...
November 22, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187481/pre-surgical-multiparametric-assessment-of-breast-lesions-using-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance
#16
Hynek Mirka, Radek Tupy, Andrea Narsanska, Ondrej Hes, Jiri Ferda
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate experience with multiparametric breast imaging on 3-Tesla magnetic resonance (3T-MRI) scanner using a dedicated 18-channel coil compared to histological findings in women after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 100 women with 105 Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 to 6 lesions by mammography who were examined using 3T-MRI and subsequently underwent surgery. MRI included non-contrast T1, T2 and T2 short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences, diffusion-weighted imaging with apparent diffusion coeficient maps, postcontrast dynamic study and single-voxel MRI spectroscopy...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187298/regional-specificity-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-expression-in-the-brain-voxel-level-mapping-in-primary-glioblastomas
#17
X Fan, C Qi, X Liu, Y Wang, S Liu, S Li, L Wang, Y Wang
AIM: To investigate the anatomical specificity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression in glioblastomas by using voxel-based neuroimaging analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical information and preoperative magnetic resonance images of 133 patients with glioblastomas were reviewed. Evaluation of MMP-9 expression was performed by using immunohistochemistry. Tumour lesions were segmented manually basing on the structural image of each patient, then registered to a standard brain atlas...
November 26, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175547/zte-mri-in-high-magnetic-field-as-a-time-effective-3d-imaging-technique-for-monitoring-water-ingress-in-porous-rocks-at-sub-millimetre-resolution
#18
Władysław P Węglarz, Artur Krzyżak, Grzegorz Machowski, Michał Stefaniuk
Zero echo time magnetic resonance imaging (ZTE MRI) at 9.4T was used to assess the local distribution of water in dolomite rocks under different saturation conditions. The results were compared with the industry standard Single Point Imaging (SPI) at 0.6T. 3D maps of the local amount of water saturating heterogeneous rock were obtained from the imaging data, and correlated with the corresponding structural images from high resolution micro-CT (μCT). The method can be applicable in the investigation of spatial kinetics of water saturation processes in porous, heterogeneous rocks where imaging methods based on spin echo, such as RARE, have failed due to short T2, while SPI is often impractical due to its long acquisition time...
November 23, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175494/unfolding-the-hippocampus-an-intrinsic-coordinate-system-for-subfield-segmentations-and-quantitative-mapping
#19
Jordan DeKraker, Kayla M Ferko, Jonathan C Lau, Stefan Kӧhler, Ali R Khan
The hippocampus, like the neocortex, has a morphological structure that is complex and variable in its folding pattern, especially in the hippocampal head. The current study presents a computational method to unfold hippocampal grey matter, with a particular focus on the hippocampal head where complexity is highest due to medial curving of the structure and the variable presence of digitations. This unfolding was performed on segmentations from high-resolution, T2-weighted 7T MRI data from 12 healthy participants and one surgical patient with epilepsy whose resected hippocampal tissue was used for histological validation...
November 23, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174413/mri-measured-myocardial-iron-load-in-patients-with-severe-diabetic-heart-failure
#20
B Wang, Y Zhang, N Sun, S Gu, F Ding, S Xu, H Zhou, Y Liu
AIM: To investigate whether a correlation exists between abnormal myocardial iron status and cardiac lipid deposition as well as other biomarkers in patients with diabetic heart failure (DHF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen volunteers (Group 1), 26 patients with non-severe DHF (Group 2), and 25 patients with severe DHF (Group 3) were recruited for this study. Myocardial middle-section T2* mapping and septal 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) were performed using a 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine to assess the iron status and lipid deposition individually...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Radiology
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