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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341777/high-fidelity-single-shot-singlet-triplet-readout-of-precision-placed-donors-in-silicon
#1
M A Broome, T F Watson, D Keith, S K Gorman, M G House, J G Keizer, S J Hile, W Baker, M Y Simmons
In this work we perform direct single-shot readout of the singlet-triplet states in exchange coupled electrons confined to precision-placed donor atoms in silicon. Our method takes advantage of the large energy splitting given by the Pauli-spin blockaded (2,0) triplet states, from which we can achieve a single-shot readout fidelity of 98.4±0.2%. We measure the triplet-minus relaxation time to be of the order 3 s at 2.5 T and observe its predicted decrease as a function of magnetic field, reaching 0.5 s at 1 T...
July 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332058/3d-surface-imaging-for-volumetric-measurement-in-people-with-obesity
#2
Sean Clarkson, Stuart W Flint, David R Broom, Matt Capehorn, Jonathan Wheat
BACKGROUND: Current methods for tracking the progress of people with obesity towards a weight loss goal appear simple and potentially misleading. A technique to quantify change in body shape whilst visualising areas of the body where weight loss occurs would be advantageous, and has the potential to be used as a motivational tool. Three-dimensional (3D) surface-imaging would serve as a good basis for such a technique, however current systems are prohibitively expensive. OBJECTIVE: Highlight the use of a cheaper alternative 3D surface-imaging system for volumetric measurement in people with obesity...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#3
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303692/molecular-identification-and-characterization-of-the-new-16srix-j-and-cpn60-ut-ix-j-phytoplasma-subgroup-associated-with-chicory-bushy-stunt-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Edel Pérez-López, Ayman F Omar, Khaled M Al-Jamhan, Tim J Dumonceaux
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a perennial plant (Asteraceae) that grows wild in pasture fields in Saudi Arabia. Chicory plants displaying symptoms typically induced by phytoplasmas, such as bushy phenotype and stunt, were observed in the Mulayda region, Qassim governorate, Saudi Arabia. In this study we examined samples taken from three symptomatic chicory plants and confirmed the presence of phytoplasma DNA. Analysis of the 16S rRNA-encoding sequences showed that the plants were infected with a phytoplasma from the pigeon pea witches'-broom group (16SrIX)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287815/preventing-distal-junctional-kyphosis-by-applying-the-stable-sagittal-vertebra-concept-to-selective-thoracic-fusion-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Joshua Yang, Lindsay M Andras, Alexander M Broom, Nicholas R Gonsalves, Kody K Barrett, Andrew G Georgiadis, John M Flynn, Vernon T Tolo, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of using the stable sagittal vertebra (SSV) for selecting the lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) to prevent distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in selective thoracic fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cho et al. reported that including the SSV in a fusion decreased the rate of DJK in thoracic hyperkyphosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients from two pediatric hospitals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent selective posterior thoracic fusion with the LIV at L2 or above from 2000 to 2012...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285398/combination-of-itraq-proteomics-and-rna-seq-transcriptomics-reveals-multiple-levels-of-regulation-in-phytoplasma-infected-ziziphus-jujuba-mill
#6
Xia Ye, Huiyu Wang, Peng Chen, Bing Fu, Mengyang Zhang, Jidong Li, Xianbo Zheng, Bin Tan, Jiancan Feng
Jujube witches' broom (JWB) is caused by infection with a phytoplasma. A multi-omics approach was taken during graft infection of jujube by JWB-infected scion through the analysis of the plant transcriptome, proteome and phytohormone levels. A high number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified 37 weeks after grafting (WAG), followed by observation of typical symptoms of JWB at 48 WAG. At 37 WAG, the majority of the upregulated DEGs and differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were related to flavonoid biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276705/are-exposures-to-multiple-frequencies-the-key-to-future-radiofrequency-research
#7
REVIEW
Zenon Sienkiewicz, Carolina Calderón, Kerry A Broom, Darren Addison, Amélie Gavard, Louise Lundberg, Myron Maslanyj
There is an extensive literature investigating possible effects of exposure to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields associated with mobile phone technologies. This has not identified any public health risks with any degree of certainty. Some epidemiological studies have observed associations between heavy users of mobile phones and some types of cancer, but animal studies do not support this association, although a few studies have reported increased tumor yields. However, there is a crucial difference between epidemiology studies and laboratory work in terms of signals investigated: most people are exposed to a complex mixture of frequencies and signals at varying intensities, whereas the majority of animal studies have been performed using a single frequency or intensity...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250097/genetic-parameters-and-the-impact-of-off-types-for-theobroma-cacao-l-in-a-breeding-program-in-brazil
#8
Ashley DuVal, Salvador A Gezan, Guiliana Mustiga, Conrad Stack, Jean-Philippe Marelli, José Chaparro, Donald Livingstone, Stefan Royaert, Juan C Motamayor
Breeding programs of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) trees share the many challenges of breeding long-living perennial crops, and genetic progress is further constrained by both the limited understanding of the inheritance of complex traits and the prevalence of technical issues, such as mislabeled individuals (off-types). To better understand the genetic architecture of cacao, in this study, 13 years of phenotypic data collected from four progeny trials in Bahia, Brazil were analyzed jointly in a multisite analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248505/fear-and-hierarchy-critical-influences-on-antibiotic-decision-making-in-the-operating-theatre
#9
J Broom, A Broom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248044/handbook-on-gender-and-health-edited-by-jasmine-gideon
#10
Reviewed By Dorothy H Broom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241501/cyp2d6-drug-gene-and-drug-drug-gene-interactions-among-patients-prescribed-pharmacogenetically-actionable-opioids
#11
Mitchell R Knisely, Janet S Carpenter, Claire Burke Draucker, Todd Skaar, Marion E Broome, Ann M Holmes, Diane Von Ah
PURPOSE: When codeine and tramadol are used for pain management, it is imperative that nurses are able to assess for potential drug-gene and drug-drug-gene interactions that could adversely impact drug metabolism and ultimately pain relief. Both drugs are metabolized through the CYP2D6 metabolic pathway which can be affected by medications as well the patient's own pharmacogenotype. The purpose of this brief report is to identify drug-gene and drug-drug-gene interactions in 30 adult patients prescribed codeine or tramadol for pain...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234015/high-resolution-single-particle-zeta-potential-characterisation-of-biological-nanoparticles-using-tunable-resistive-pulse-sensing
#12
Robert Vogel, Anoop K Pal, Siddharth Jambhrunkar, Pragnesh Patel, Sachin S Thakur, Eduardo Reátegui, Harendra S Parekh, Paula Saá, Adonis Stassinopoulos, Murray F Broom
Physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, such as size, shape, surface charge, density, and porosity play a central role in biological interactions and hence accurate determination of these characteristics is of utmost importance. Here we propose tunable resistive pulse sensing for simultaneous size and surface charge measurements on a particle-by-particle basis, enabling the analysis of a wide spectrum of nanoparticles and their mixtures. Existing methodologies for measuring zeta potential of nanoparticles using resistive pulse sensing are significantly improved by including convection into the theoretical model...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224774/australian-children-with-cleft-palate-achieve-age-appropriate-speech-by-5-years-of-age
#13
Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell
INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#14
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216972/predatory-publishing-is-everyone-s-concern
#15
EDITORIAL
Marion E Broome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212150/combining-enzalutamide-with-parp-inhibitors-pharmaceutically-induced-brcaness
#16
EDITORIAL
Timothy C Thompson, Likun Li, Bradley M Broom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194910/monilophthora-roreri-causal-agent-of-cacao-frosty-pod-rot
#17
Bryan A Bailey, Harry C Evans, Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Shahin S Ali, Lyndel W Meinhardt
Taxonomy: Moniliophthora roreri (Cif.) H.C. Evans et al. (1978); Phylum Basidiomycota; Class Agaricomycetes; Order Agaricales; Family Marasmiaceae; Genus Moniliophthora. Biology: M. roreri attacks Theobroma and Herrania species causing frosty pod rot. Theobroma cacao (cacao) is the host of major economic concern. M. roreri is a hemibiotroph with a long biotrophic phase (45-90 days). Spore masses, of apparent asexual origin, are produced on the pod surface after initiation of the necrotrophic phase. Spores are spread by wind, rain and human activity...
December 1, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178845/classification-of-a-new-phytoplasmas-subgroup-16srii-w-associated-with-crotalaria-witches-broom-diseases-in-oman-based-on-multigene-sequence-analysis
#18
Ali Al-Subhi, Saskia A Hogenhout, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Abdullah M Al-Sadi
BACKGROUND: Crotalaria aegyptiaca, a low shrub is commonly observed in the sandy soils of wadis desert and is found throughout all regions in Oman. A survey for phytoplasma diseases was conducted. During a survey in a wild area in the northern regions of Oman in 2015, typical symptoms of phytoplasma infection were observed on C. aegyptiaca plants. The infected plants showed an excessive proliferation of their shoots and small leaves. RESULTS: The presence of phytoplasma in the phloem tissue of symptomatic C...
November 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171855/a-gel-aging-effect-in-the-synthesis-of-open-framework-gallium-phosphates-structure-solution-and-solid-state-nmr-of-a-large-pore-open-framework-material
#19
Lucy K Broom, Guy J Clarkson, Nathalie Guillou, Joseph E Hooper, Daniel M Dawson, Chiu C Tang, Sharon E Ashbrook, Richard I Walton
The templated zeolite-analogue GaPO-34 (CHA structure type) crystallises from a gel precursor Ga2O3 : 2H3PO4 : 1HF : 1.7SDA : 70H2O (where SDA = structure directing agent), treated hydrothermally for 24 hours at 170 °C using either pyridine or 1-methylimizadole as SDA and one of either poorly crystalline ε-Ga2O3 or γ-Ga2O3 as gallium precursor. If the same gels are stirred for periods shorter than 2 hours but treated under identical hydrothermal conditions, then a second phase crystallises, free of GaPO-34...
November 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166857/genome-analysis-of-the-foxtail-millet-pathogen-sclerospora-graminicola-reveals-the-complex-effector-repertoire-of-graminicolous-downy-mildews
#20
Michie Kobayashi, Yukie Hiraka, Akira Abe, Hiroki Yaegashi, Satoshi Natsume, Hideko Kikuchi, Hiroki Takagi, Hiromasa Saitoh, Joe Win, Sophien Kamoun, Ryohei Terauchi
BACKGROUND: Downy mildew, caused by the oomycete pathogen Sclerospora graminicola, is an economically important disease of Gramineae crops including foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Plants infected with S. graminicola are generally stunted and often undergo a transformation of flower organs into leaves (phyllody or witches' broom), resulting in serious yield loss. To establish the molecular basis of downy mildew disease in foxtail millet, we carried out whole-genome sequencing and an RNA-seq analysis of S...
November 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
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