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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430024/cacao-phylloplane-the-first-battlefield-against-moniliophthora-perniciosa-the-causal-agent-of-witches-broom-disease
#1
Dayanne Silva Monteiro Almeida, Karina Peres Gramacho, Thyago H Santana Cardoso, Fabienne Micheli, Fátima Cerqueira Alvim, Carlos Priminho Priminho Pirovani
The phylloplane is the first contact surface between Theobroma cacao and the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, which causes witches' broom disease (WBD). We evaluated the index of short glandular trichomes (SGTs) in the cacao phylloplane and the effect of irrigation on the disease index of cacao genotypes with/without resistance to WBD, and identified proteins present in the phylloplane. The resistant and susceptible genotype CCN51 and Catongo presented a mean index of 1600 and 700 SGTs•cm-2, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409950/boson-sampling-with-single-photon-fock-states-from-a-bright-solid-state-source
#2
J C Loredo, M A Broome, P Hilaire, O Gazzano, I Sagnes, A Lemaitre, M P Almeida, P Senellart, A G White
A boson-sampling device is a quantum machine expected to perform tasks intractable for a classical computer, yet requiring minimal nonclassical resources as compared to full-scale quantum computers. Photonic implementations to date employed sources based on inefficient processes that only simulate heralded single-photon statistics when strongly reducing emission probabilities. Boson sampling with only single-photon input has thus never been realized. Here, we report on a boson-sampling device operated with a bright solid-state source of single-photon Fock states with high photon-number purity: the emission from an efficient and deterministic quantum dot-micropillar system is demultiplexed into three partially indistinguishable single photons, with a single-photon purity 1-g^{(2)}(0) of 0...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409117/searching-for-active-mobile-genetic-elements-in-dsrna-fraction-of-pinus-sylvestris-having-witches-broom-abnormalities
#3
A A Pochtovyy, O Yu Baranov, I E Rubel', O A Razumova, V E Padutov, A V Khromov, A V Makhotenko, A P Tkachuk, V V Makarov, V A Gushchin
The most common type of coniferous mobile genetic elements are retrotransposons. Despite of their early positive impact on evolution of modern coniferous species they can have a significant negative impact for Forestry and breeding. Breaking genomic structural integrity mobile elements can cause phenotypic defects of plants. In this regard, the study of the diversity of coniferous mobile genetic elements is particularly interesting. In the present paper, we describe mobile genetic elements in dsRNA fraction of Pinus sylvestris having witches broom abnormalities...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403816/substantial-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-maternity-care-practitioner-consultations-and-treatments-during-pregnancy-estimates-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-pregnant-women-in-australia
#4
Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: A wide range of health care options are utilised by pregnant women in Australia. The out-of-pocket costs of maternity care in Australia vary depending on many factors including model of care utilised, health insurance coverage, and women's decision to access health services outside of conventional maternity care provision. METHODS: Women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) who identified as pregnant or as recently having given birth in 2009 were invited to complete a sub-study questionnaire investigating health service utilisation during their most recent pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402389/impacts-of-the-psyllid-arytinnis-hakani-homoptera-psyllidae-on-invasive-french-broom-in-relation-to-plant-size-and-psyllid-density
#5
Brian N Hogg, Patrick J Moran, Lincoln Smith
The impacts of weed biological control agents may vary with plant ontogeny. As plants grow, structural and chemical changes can alter plant resistance, which may reduce herbivory via chemical or structural defenses, and plant tolerance, which may enable plants to maintain fitness despite attack. Resistance and tolerance generally increase as plants grow. Nonetheless, prerelease tests of agent efficacy often overlook plant ontogeny. Here, we assess the performance and impacts of a candidate biocontrol agent, the psyllid Arytinnis hakani (Loginova), in relation to the age of its host plant, the invasive shrub French broom, Genista monspessulana...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399048/pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-a-multicenter-review-of-the-aaos-clinical-practice-guidelines-before-and-after-2009
#6
John D Roaten, Derek M Kelly, Joseph L Yellin, John M Flynn, Micaela Cyr, Sumeet Garg, Alexander Broom, Lindsay M Andras, Jeffrey R Sawyer
BACKGROUND: To determine if the AAOS clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for the treatment of pediatric femoral shaft fractures (2009) changed treatment, we analyzed pediatric femoral shaft fractures at 4 high-volume, geographically separated, level-1 pediatric trauma centers over a 10-year period (2004 to 2013). METHODS: Consecutive series of pediatric femoral shaft fractures (ages, birth to 18 y) treated at the 4 centers were reviewed. Treatment methods were analyzed by age and treatment method for each center and in aggregate...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391472/molecular-characterization-vector-identification-and-sources-of-phytoplasmas-associated-with-brinjal-little-leaf-disease-in-india
#7
Manish Kumar, Madhupriya, Govind Pratap Rao
Brinjal little leaf (BLL) is a widespread disease of phytoplasma etiology in India that induces severe economic losses. Surveys were conducted in eight brinjal-growing states of India during July 2014 to September 2015 and eighteen BLL samples showing little leaf, phyllody and witches' broom symptoms were collected for phytoplasma identification. Presence of phytoplasmas was confirmed in all the eighteen BLL samples using polymerase chain reaction with phytoplasma-specific primer pairs (P1/P6, R16F2n/R16R2)...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390230/study-of-the-adsorption-of-mercury-ii-on-lignocellulosic-materials-under-static-and-dynamic-conditions
#8
Fabian E Arias Arias, Amerigo Beneduci, Francesco Chidichimo, Emilia Furia, Salvatore Straface
WHO has declared mercury as one of the most dangerous pollutants for human health. Unfortunately, several cases of rivers and aquifers contaminated by mercury inevitably poses the problem on how to remediate them. Considerable efforts are being addressed to develop cost-effective methodologies, among which the use of low-cost adsorbing materials. In this paper, the adsorption performances of an alternative lignocellulosic material derived from the Spanish broom plant, are presented. This plant is widely diffused in the world and its usage for Hg(II) removal from water in real working conditions requires only minimal pretreatment steps...
April 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385463/clinical-and-social-barriers-to-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-pulmonary-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#9
Jennifer K Broom, Alex F Broom, Emma R Kirby, Alexandra F Gibson, Jeffrey J Post
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pulmonary infections is one of the largest indications for antibiotics in human health care, offering significant potential for antibiotic optimization internationally. This study explores the perspectives of pulmonary clinicians on antibiotic use in hospital pulmonary infections. METHODS: Twenty-eight pulmonary doctors and nurses from 2 hospitals participated in semi-structured interviews focusing on their experiences of antibiotic use...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382700/thyroid-cysts-in-cats-a-retrospective-study-of-40-cases
#10
M L Miller, M E Peterson, J F Randolph, M R Broome, G D Norsworthy, M Rishniw
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cysts are rare in cats and poorly documented. OBJECTIVES: To report distinguishing clinical features and treatment responses of cats with thyroid cysts. ANIMALS: Forty client-owned cats. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records for cats with thyroid cysts confirmed by scintigraphy, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, or necropsy at 4 referral centers between 2005 and 2016. Signalment, clinical findings, diagnostic testing, treatment, and outcome were recorded...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379400/temporal-patterns-in-the-abundance-and-species-composition-of-spiders-on-host-plants-of-the-invasive-moth-epiphyas-postvittana-lepidoptera-tortricidae
#11
Brian N Hogg, Nicholas J Mills, Kent M Daane
Generalist predators such as spiders may help mitigate the spread and impact of exotic herbivores. The lack of prey specificity and long generation times of spiders may allow them to persist when pests are scarce, and to limit the growth of pest populations before they reach damaging levels. We examined whether resident spiders are likely to play a role in maintaining populations of the invasive light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), below outbreak levels in California...
March 30, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368980/posterolateral-disc-prolapse-in-flexion-initiated-by-lateral-inner-annular-failure-an-investigation-of-the-herniation-pathway
#12
Vonne M van Heeswijk, Ashvin Thambyah, Peter A Robertson, Neil D Broom
STUDY DESIGN: Structural investigation of mechanically induced herniations in ovine lumbar motion segments. OBJECTIVE: This new study addresses the question of whether there are regions other than the posterior and posterolateral aspects that are implicated in the initiation of disc disruption and herniation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Flexion in combination with compressive loading will induce disc herniations in healthy motion segments in vitro...
March 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368449/genome-wide-sequencing-of-longan-dimocarpus-longan-lour-provides-insights-into-molecular-basis-of-its-polyphenol-rich-characteristics
#13
YuLing Lin, JiuMeng Min, RuiLian Lai, ZhangYan Wu, YuKun Chen, LiLi Yu, ChunZhen Cheng, YuanChun Jin, QiLin Tian, QingFeng Liu, WeiHua Liu, ChengGuang Zhang, LiXia Lin, Yan Hu, DongMin Zhang, MinKyaw Thu, ZiHao Zhang, ShengCai Liu, ChunShui Zhong, XiaoDong Fang, Jian Wang, Huanming Yang, Rajeev K Varshney, Ye Yin, ZhongXiong Lai
Background: Longan ( Dimocarpus longan Lour.), an important subtropical fruit in the family Sapindaceae , is grown in more than ten countries. Longan is an edible drupe fruit and a source of traditional medicine with polyphenol-rich traits. Tree size, alternate bearing, and witches' broom disease still pose serious problems. To gain insights into the genomic basis of longan traits, a draft genome sequence was assembled. Results: The draft genome (about 471.88 Mb) of a China longan cultivar, 'Honghezi', was estimated to contain 31,007 genes and 261...
March 28, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345895/asymmetric-anchoring-is-required-for-efficient-%C3%AE-loop-opening-and-closing-in-cytosolic-phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase
#14
Danica S Cui, Aron Broom, Matthew J Mcleod, Elizabeth M Meiering, Todd Holyoak
Mobile Ω-loops play essential roles in the function of many enzymes. Here we investigated the importance of a residue lying outside of the mobile Ω-loop element in the catalytic function of an H477R variant of cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase using crystallographic, kinetic, and computational analysis. The crystallographic data suggest that the efficient transition of the Ω-loop to the closed conformation requires stabilization of the N-terminus of the loop through contacts between R461 and E588...
April 4, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344899/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-digital-mapping-of-dinosaurian-tracksites-in-the-lower-cretaceous-valanginian-barremian-broome-sandstone-of-the-dampier-peninsula-western-australia
#15
Anthony Romilio, Jorg M Hacker, Robert Zlot, George Poropat, Michael Bosse, Steven W Salisbury
The abundant dinosaurian tracksites of the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian-Barremian) Broome Sandstone of the Dampier Peninsula, Western Australia, form an important part of the West Kimberley National Heritage Place. Previous attempts to document these tracksites using traditional mapping techniques (e.g., surface overlays, transects and gridlines combined with conventional photography) have been hindered by the non-trivial challenges associated with working in this area, including, but not limited to: (1) the remoteness of many of the tracksites; (2) the occurrence of the majority of the tracksites in the intertidal zone; (3) the size and complexity of many of the tracksites, with some extending over several square kilometres...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344590/proteome-profiling-of-paulownia-seedlings-infected-with-phytoplasma
#16
Xibing Cao, Guoqiang Fan, Yanpeng Dong, Zhenli Zhao, Minjie Deng, Zhe Wang, Wenshan Liu
Phytoplasma is an insect-transmitted pathogen that causes witches' broom disease in many plants. Paulownia witches' broom is one of the most destructive diseases threatening Paulownia production. The molecular mechanisms associated with this disease have been investigated by transcriptome sequencing, but changes in protein abundance have not been investigated with isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation. Previous results have shown that methyl methane sulfonate (MMS) can help Paulownia seedlings recover from the symptoms of witches' broom and reinstate a healthy morphology...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330309/molecular-characterization-of-phytoplasmas-of-clover-proliferation-group-associated-with-three-ornamental-plant-species-in-india
#17
Ekta Khasa, Gopala, Aido Taloh, T Prabha, Madhupriya, G P Rao
Suspected phytoplasma symptoms of little leaf, yellowing, chlorosis, phyllody, witches' broom, and stunting were observed on ten different ornamental plant species at New Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Bengaluru, and Pune, India, during March to July 2016. To investigate the possibility of phytoplasma etiology, PCR assays were performed using universal primer pairs (P1/P7 followed by 3Far/3Rev) specific to the phytoplasma 16Sr RNA gene. First round PCR amplification with primer pair P1/P7 did not yield expected 1...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320559/assessing-the-significance-of-health-information-seeking-in-chronic-condition-management
#18
Caress A Dean, Christian J Geneus, Shahida Rice, Marquisha Johns, Delores Quasie-Woode, Kevin Broom, Keith Elder
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between health information seeking and confidence in performing self-management activities, and to assess the influence of predisposing, enabling, and perceive need factors on confidence to perform self-management activities among adults with chronic conditions. METHODS: The sample included 6724 adults from the 2007 Health Tracking Household Survey who were ≥18 years with a chronic condition. Binary logistic regression examined the relationship between health information seeking, predisposing, enabling, and perceive need factors and confidence in performing three self-management activities; prevent symptoms, tell doctor concerns, and know when to get medical care...
March 7, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320067/patterns-of-low-acuity-patient-presentations-to-emergency-departments-in-new-south-wales-australia
#19
Alexandre S Stephens, Richard A Broome
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patterns of low acuity patient (LAP) presentations to EDs in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: Retrospective study of NSW public hospital ED presentations between January 2013 and December 2014 that were registered in the NSW Emergency Department Data Collection (n = 409 035). LAPs were defined according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Sprivulis and multiple ACEM methods. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds of LAP ED presentation by a suite of sociodemographic factors...
March 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317747/physicochemical-characteristics-and-pollen-spectrum-of-monofloral-honeys-from-tenerife-spain
#20
Antonio Bentabol Manzanares, Zoa Hernández García, Beatriz Rodríguez Galdón, Elena M Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Carlos Díaz Romero
Physicochemical parameters, sugar composition and botanical origin were determined in four monofloral honeys, chestnut, fennel, tajinaste, and Teide broom honeys, abundantly produced in Tenerife Island. All the parameters were within the established intervals in Europe for each type of honey. Large differences between the four monofloral honeys were observed, being the chestnut honeys with most of differential characteristics. Linear discriminant analysis on the physicochemical parameters and sugar composition allows to distinguishing the four types of honeys analysed...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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