keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sodium chloride

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304195/neutralization-of-bactericidal-activity-related-to-antimicrobial-carryover-in-broiler-carcass-rinse-samples
#1
Gary R Gamble, Mark E Berrang, R Jeff Buhr, Arthur Hinton, Dianna V Bourassa, Kimberly D Ingram, Eric S Adams, Peggy W Feldner, John J Johnston
Studies were conducted to examine the ability of three chemicals to neutralize residual antibacterial activity of commercial antimicrobial chemicals used in poultry processing. Chemical antimicrobial interventions used in poultry processing may have potential for carryover into whole poultry carcass buffered peptone water (BPW) rinses collected for monitoring Salmonella contamination. Such carryover may lead to false-negative results due to continuing bactericidal action of the antimicrobial chemicals in the rinse...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304138/rapid-and-efficient-one-step-purification-of-a-serralysin-family-protease-by-using-a-p-aminobenzamidine-modified-affinity-medium
#2
Shangyong Li, Linna Wang, Shengxiang Lin, Juan Yang, Zibin Ma, Yuejun Wang, Junzhong Liu, Jianhua Hao, Mi Sun
The metalloproteinase MP belongs to the serralysin family, which is involved in important functions such as nutrient acquisition and infection pathogenesis. Serralysin proteases in highly purified form are commonly used at the industrial level with several purposes. In this study, we set up an efficient and rapid purification protocol for MP using a p-aminobenzamidine-modified affinity chromatography. The affinity medium was synthesized by using p-aminobenzamidine as affinity ligand immobilized via cyanuric chloride spacer to Sepharose 6B sorbent carrier...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302179/balanced-crystalloids-versus-saline-in-the-intensive-care-unit-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-multiple-crossover-trial
#3
Matthew W Semler, Wesley H Self, Li Wang, Daniel W Byrne, Jonathan P Wanderer, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Joanna L Stollings, Avinash B Kumar, Antonio Hernandez, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Addison K May, Edward D Siew, Andrew D Shaw, Gordon R Bernard, Todd W Rice
BACKGROUND: Saline, the intravenous fluid most commonly administered to critically ill adults, contains a high chloride content, which may be associated with acute kidney injury and death. Whether using balanced crystalloids rather than saline decreases the risk of acute kidney injury and death among critically ill adults remains unknown. METHODS: The Isotonic Solutions and Major Adverse Renal Events Trial (SMART) is a pragmatic, cluster-level allocation, cluster-level crossover trial being conducted between 1 June 2015 and 30 April 2017 in five intensive care units at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, TN, USA...
March 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301017/intracanal-irrigating-solutions-prior-to-calcium-hydroxide-medication-and-its-effects-on-root-dentin-strength
#4
Leila Clarisse Hillesheim, Juliara Bellina Hoffmann, Daniela Peressoni Vieira Schuldt, Maybell Tedesco, Eduardo Antunes Bortoluzzi, Cleonice Silveira Teixeira
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of intracanal irrigation with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA) prior to calcium hydroxide medication on the compressive strength of root dentin. Forty-eight roots with single and straight canals were instrumented with a crown-down technique using Flexofile files and Gates Glidden burs, under 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) irrigation. Root canals were randomly separated into 4 groups (n=12), according to the irrigating solution: Control Group, 0...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300505/mid-infrared-spectroscopic-analysis-of-saccharides-in-aqueous-solutions-with-sodium-chloride
#5
Mikihito Kanou, Takaharu Kameoka, Ken-Ichiro Suehara, Atsushi Hashimoto
The infrared spectral characteristics of three different types of disaccharides (trehalose, maltose, and sucrose) and four different types of monosaccharides (glucose, mannose, galactose, and fructose) in aqueous solutions with sodium chloride (NaCl) were determined. The infrared spectra were obtained using the FT-IR/ATR method and the absorption intensities respected the interaction between the saccharide and water with NaCl were determined. This study also focused on not only the glycosidic linkage position and the constituent monosaccharides, but also the concentration of the saccharides and NaCl and found that they have a significant influence on the infrared spectroscopic characterization of the disaccharides in an aqueous solution with NaCl...
April 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300391/advanced-na-nicl2-battery-using-nickel-coated-graphite-with-core-shell-microarchitecture
#6
Hee Jung Chang, Nathan L Canfield, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent L Sprenkle, Guosheng Li
Stationary electric energy storage devices (rechargeable batteries) have gained increasing prominence due to great market needs, such as smoothing the fluctuation of renewable energy resources and supporting the reliability of the electric grid. With regarding to raw materials availability, sodium based batteries are better positioned than lithium batteries due to the abundant resource of sodium in the earth's crust. However, the sodium-nickel chloride (Na-NiCl2) battery, one of the most attractive stationary battery technologies, is hindered from further market penetration by its high material cost (Ni cost) and fast material degradation at its high operating temperature...
March 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299935/the-effect-of-structural-heterogeneity-in-chemical-composition-on-online-single-particle-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-sea-spray-aerosol-particles
#7
Camille M Sultana, Douglas B Collins, Kimberly Ann Prather
Knowledge of the surface composition of sea spray aerosols (SSA) is critical for understanding and predicting climate-relevant impacts. Offline microscopy and spectroscopy studies have shown dry supermicron SSA tend to be spatially heterogeneous particles with sodium and chloride rich cores surrounded by organic enriched surface layers containing minor inorganic seawater components such as magnesium and calcium. At the same time, single particle mass spectrometry reveals several different mass spectral ion patterns, suggesting that there may be a number of chemically distinct particle types...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299749/osmotic-stress-in-colony-and-planktonic-cells-of-pseudomonas-putida-mt-2-revealed-significant-differences-in-adaptive-response-mechanisms
#8
Nancy Hachicho, Astrid Birnbaum, Hermann J Heipieper
Planktonic cells and those grown on surfaces (or as colony biofilm) are known to show significant differences regarding growth behavior, cell physiology, gene expression and stress tolerance. In order to compare stress behavior of different growth forms, shake cultures for planktonic growth and agar plate cultivation for colony growth, were carried out with the well investigated model organism, Pseudomonas putida mt-2. Cells were exposed to sodium chloride to cause osmotic stress as one main environmental stressor bacteria have to cope with when growing in soil...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299616/promise-of-sglt2-inhibitors-in-heart-failure-diabetes-and-beyond
#9
REVIEW
Pieter Martens, Chantal Mathieu, Frederik H Verbrugge
This review provides mechanistic insight in the pleiotropic effects of sodium-glucose transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors with particular interest to the pathophysiology of heart failure. The SGLT-2 inhibitor empagliflozin has recently demonstrated an unprecedented 38% reduction in cardiovascular mortality in patients with diabetes. Despite modest effects on long-term glycemic control, highly significant reductions in heart failure admissions and end-stage kidney disease were observed. SGLT-2 inhibitors are the latest approved class of glucose-lowering agents...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298014/effect-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-on-the-cochlear-nuclei-after-creation-of-a-partial-nerve-lesion-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#10
Guilherme Ramina Montibeller, Benjamin Schackmann, Steffi Urbschat, Joachim M K Oertel
OBJECTIVE The risk of injury of the cochlear nerve during angle (CPA) surgery is high. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been found in various experimental models of peripheral and CNS injury to have a neuroprotective effect by inhibiting apoptosis and inflammation. However, to the authors' knowledge, the influence of G-CSF on cochlear nerve regeneration has not been reported. This study investigated the neuroprotective effect of G-CSF after a partial cochlear nerve lesion in rats. METHODS A lesion of the right cochlear nerve in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats was created using a water-jet dissector with a pressure of 8 bar...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296539/high-salt-induced-activation-and-expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-cultured-astrocytes
#11
Zhezhi Deng, Yuge Wang, Li Zhou, Yilong Shan, Sha Tan, Wei Cai, Siyuan Liao, Lisheng Peng, Zhengqi Lu
Salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) accumulation in the brain is associated with various diseases of central nervous system (CNS). Activation of astrocytes is an important manifestation of pathophysiological processes in the CNS. However, the direct impact of high salt (HS) environment on astrocytes is unclear. In the current study, we found that high salt treatment can induce activation of astrocytes both in vivo and in vitro, manifested as morphological alteration coupled with increased expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)...
March 15, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294057/zno-nanorods-as-an-efficient-heterogeneous-catalyst-for-the-synthesis-of-thiazole-derivatives-in-water
#12
Sayyed Jalal Shams-Najafi, Mostafa Gholizadeh, Ali Ahmadpour, Faramarz Rostami-Charati
Thiazole derivatives are produced by using one-pot multicomponent reactions of acid chlorides, potassium thiocyanate, amino acids, alkyl bromides and ZnO nanorods (NR-ZnO) as the catalyst in water at ambient temperature. These reactions were not performed without using NR-ZnO as the catalyst. Nanorods of ZnO have been prepared by reflux procedure using sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS). Nanorods of ZnO showed a considerable improvement in the field of the product and displayed significant reusable activity.
March 10, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293862/hemolysis-interference-in-measuring-fish-plasma-biochemical-indicators
#13
Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Melika Ghelichpour, Seyyed Morteza Hoseini, Kourosh Amini
The present study aimed to determine hemolysis interference in measurement of plasma biochemical parameters in fish specimens. For this purpose, blood samples were harvested from 24 Huso huso juveniles. After centrifugation, each plasma sample was divided into seven portions to make seven levels of hemolysis. Hemolysis was induced by addition of different percentages of the corresponding whole blood [0 (non-hemolyzed control group), 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20% of whole blood]. Albumin, total protein, calcium, phosphorus, glucose, sodium, potassium, chloride, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured in different samples...
March 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290606/3-daidzein-sulfonate-sodium-inhibits-neuronal-apoptosis-induced-by-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#14
Ruizhen Liu, Xinming Zhong, Jing Zeng, Zhihua Huang, Xiao Li, Hai Xiao, Qin Chen, Dongliang Li
This study aimed to observe the effects of 3'-daidzein sulfonate sodium (DSS) on ischemia-reperfusion-induced brain injury and to analyze the mechanisms responsible for neuronal apoptosis. Focal ischemias were induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats using middle cerebral artery occlusion. The rats were divided into 5 groups based on sham surgery or real occlusion, and treatment with different doses of DSS (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg) or normal saline (model group), injected preoperatively into the rats with cerebral occlusion...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290372/influence-of-salt-on-lipid-oxidation-in-meat-and-seafood-products-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Lilian R B Mariutti, Neura Bragagnolo
Sodium chloride, commonly known as salt, is a widely used additive in food industry due to its preservation and antimicrobial properties provided by its ability to reduce water activity. Moreover, the addition of salt to meat and seafood aims at improving water retention capacity and enhancing flavor due to its influence on the activity of some enzymes responsible for flavor development. On the other hand, salt added in meat and seafood can favor lipid oxidation, which is one of the main responsibles for quality losses in the food industry...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290217/effect-of-volume-of-porogens-on-the-porosity-of-plga-scaffolds-in-ph-controlled-environment
#16
Manish Gupta, Adeyinka Aina, Yamina Boukari, Stephen Doughty, Andrew Morris, Nashiru Billa
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) is a well-studied biodegradable polymer used in drug delivery and other medical applications such as in tissue regeneration. It is often necessary to impart porosity within the scaffold (microparticles) in order to promote the growth of tissue during the regeneration process. Sodium chloride and ammonium bicarbonate have been extensively used as porogens in the generation of porous microstructure. In this study we compared the effect of volumes (250 µl, 500 µl and 750 µl) of two porogens, sodium chloride (1...
March 14, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288277/direct-comparison-of-amino-acid-and-salt-interactions-with-double-stranded-and-single-stranded-dna-from-explicit-solvent-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#17
Casey Tyler Andrews, Brady A Campbell, Adrian Hamilton Elcock
Given the ubiquitous nature of protein-DNA interactions, it is important to understand the interaction thermodynamics of individual amino acid sidechains for DNA. One way to assess these preferences is to perform molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Here we report MD simulations of twenty amino acid sidechain analogs interacting simultaneously with both a 70-base pair double-stranded DNA and with a 70-nucleotide single-stranded DNA. The relative preferences of the amino acid sidechains for dsDNA and ssDNA match well with values deduced from crystallographic analyses of protein-DNA complexes...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287219/efficient-synthesis-of-aliphatic-sulfones-by-mg-mediated-coupling-reactions-of-sulfonyl-chlorides-and-aliphatic-halides
#18
Ying Fu, Qin-Shan Xu, Quan-Zhou Li, Zhengyin Du, Ke-Hu Wang, Danfeng Huang, Yulai Hu
Sulfonyl chlorides were reduced to anhydrous sulfinate salts with magnesium under sonication. These sulfinates were alkylated to sulfones with alkyl chlorides in the presence of catalytic sodium iodide under sonication. A variety of aliphatic sulfones was efficiently prepared by this one-pot two-step procedure.
March 13, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285196/influence-of-surfactants-and-humic-acids-on-artemia-franciscana-s-embryonic-phospho-metabolite-profile-as-measured-by-31-p-nmr
#19
Rachel D Deese, Thomas K Weldeghiorghis, Benjamin J Haywood, Robert L Cook
Surfactants, such as triton X-100 (Tx-100), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) are known to be toxic to Artemia Franciscana (Artemia) - an organism, frequently used to monitor the health of the aquatic environment . The phospho-metabolite profile of a living organism is often indicative of imbalances that may have been caused by environmental stressors, such as surfactants. This study utilizes i n vivo(31)P NMR to monitor temporal changes in the phospho-metabolite profile of Artemia caused by Tx-100, CPC, and SDS and the ability of humic acid (HA) to mitigate the toxicity of these surfactants...
February 27, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285106/investigation-of-uranium-vi-adsorption-by-polypyrrole
#20
S Abdi, M Nasiri, A Mesbahi, M H Khani
The purpose of this study was to investigate the adsorption of uranium (VI) ions on the polypyrrole adsorbent. Polypyrrole was synthesized by a chemical method using polyethylene glycol, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as the surfactant and iron (III) chloride as an oxidant in the aqueous solution. The effect of various surfactants on the synthesized polymers and their performance as the uranium adsorbent were investigated. Adsorbent properties were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
keyword
keyword
47450
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"