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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775427/determination-of-fipronil-and-its-metabolites-in-chicken-egg-muscle-and-cake-by-a-modified-quechers-method-coupled-with-lc-ms-ms
#1
Qiaozhen Guo, Shan Zhao, Jing Zhang, Kailun Qi, Zhenxia Du, Bing Shao
An easy-to-use method for determining the levels of fipronil and its metabolites (fipronil-desulfinyl, fipronil-sulfone and fipronil-sulfide) in chicken egg, muscle and cake was developed and validated using a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) approach coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The samples were extracted using acetonitrile, salted out with sodium chloride at -20 °C, and then purified by combined PSA and C18 phases and anhydrous magnesium sulfate...
May 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774348/a-new-series-of-co-ni-zn-and-cd-metal-organic-architectures-driven-by-an-unsymmetrical-biphenyl-tricarboxylic-acid-hydrothermal-assembly-structural-features-and-properties
#2
Jin-Zhong Gu, Yan Cai, Zi-Yue Qian, Min Wen, Zi-Fa Shi, Dong-Yu Lv, Alexander M Kirillov
This study reports the hydrothermal synthesis of a novel series of twelve coordination compounds, namely, {[Cd(μ-Hnbtc)(H2O)4]·H2O}n (1), [Zn2(μ-Hnbtc)2(phen)2]·2H2O (2), [Zn(Hnbtc)(phen)2(H2O)]·4.5H2O (3), [Ni(Hnbtc)(phen)2(H2O)]·6H2O (4), [Zn2(μ-Hnbtc)2(2,2'-bipy)2]·2H2O (5), [Cd3(μ5-nbtc)(μ6-nbtc)(2,2'-bipy)2(H2O)]n (6), {[Zn3(μ3-nbtc)2(phen)3(H2O)2]·4H2O} (7), [Co(H2O)6][Co2(nbtc)2(μ-4,4'-bipy)(4,4'-bipy)2(H2O)6]·8H2O (8), {[Ni3(μ4-nbtc)2(μ-4,4'-bipy)2.5(μ-H2O)(H2O)3]·4H2O}n (9), {[Cd2(μ4-nbtc)(μ-OH)(2,2'-bipy)2]·H2O}n (10), [Cd2(μ4-nbtc)(μ-OH)(phen)2(H2O)]n (11), and {[Zn2(μ5-nbtc)(μ3-OH)(μ-4,4'-bipy)]·4,4'-bipy·H2O}n (12), which are derived from 3'-nitro-biphenyl-2,4,4'-tricarboxylic acid (H3nbtc) as a virtually unexplored building block...
May 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774167/complete-hypokalemic-quadriparesis-as-a-first-presentation-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#3
Jason An, Branko Braam
Rationale: We hope to increase awareness that hypokalemic paralysis may be the first presentation of Sjögren syndrome, for which potassium-sparing diuretics can be an effective adjunct to potassium replenishment. Presenting concerns: A 73-year-old female presented to a peripheral hospital with quadriparesis and a critically low serum potassium of 1.6 mmol/L with U waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG). The initial arterial blood gas showed a pH of 7.19, bicarbonate of 13 mEq/L, and a CO2 of 35 mm Hg...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773362/regioselective-chlorination-of-cellulose-esters-by-methanesulfonyl-chloride
#4
Chengzhe Gao, Shu Liu, Kevin J Edgar
Regioselective chlorination of cellulose is challenging due to its low reactivity, the small reactivity differences between cellulosic hydroxyl groups, and the high and diverse reactivity of most common chlorinating agents. Halogenation of cellulose affords useful precursors for subsequent nucleophilic substitution reactions, permitting incorporation of new functionality. Herein we report a simple and efficient pathway for preparation of 6-chloro-6-deoxycellulose esters and their derivatives. Cellulose acetate (degree of substitution (DS) 1...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773011/antibacterial-activity-of-novel-strains-of-bacteriophages-an-experimental-approach
#5
Muhammad Imran Qadir, Zunera Chauhdary
The evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has increased research in the development of alternative therapies to conventional drugs. In this study, isolated phages were characterized and antibacterial activity was determined by standard agar disc diffusion method. The phages showed maximum propagation at 37°C to 40°C and highest viability at pH 7. Sugars influenced the bacteriophage viability. Sodium chloride decreased the phage propagation. Calcium chloride and magnesium chloride increased the phage propagation up to a certain limit...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772761/high-concentrations-of-sodium-chloride-improve-microbicidal-activity-of-ibuprofen-against-common-cystic-fibrosis-pathogens
#6
Adrián J Muñoz, Roxana V Alasino, Ariel G Garro, Valeria Heredia, Néstor H García, David C Cremonezzi, Dante M Beltramo
Ibuprofen (IBU-H), a widely used anti-inflammatory, also shows a marked antimicrobial effect against several bacterial species, including those involved in cystic fibrosis such as Pseudomona aeruginosa , methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Burkholderia cepacia complex. Additionally, our results show significant synergy between water soluble Na-ibuprofen (IBU-Na) and ionic strength. Salt concentrations above 0.5 M modify the zeta potential promoting the action of Na-IBU; thus, with 1 M sodium chloride, IBU-Na is ten times more efficient than in the absence of ionic strength, and the minimum effective contact time is reduced from hours to minutes...
May 17, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772172/an-unusual-salt-effect-in-an-interfacial-nucleophilic-substitution-reaction
#7
Shuheng Li, Milan Mrksich
This paper reports a kinetic characterization of the interfacial reaction of N-methylpyrrolidine with a self-assembled monolayer presenting an iodoalkyl group. SAMDI mass spectrometry was used to determine the extent of reaction for monolayers that were treated with a range of concentrations of the nucleophile for a range of times. These data revealed a second-order rate constant for the reaction that was approximately 100-fold greater than that for the analogous solution-phase reaction. However, addition of sodium iodide to the reaction mixture resulted in a seven-fold decrease in the reac-tion rate...
May 17, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771704/combining-postmortem-vitreous-sodium-and-chloride-and-lung-body-ratio-in-aiding-the-diagnosing-saltwater-drowning
#8
Rexson Tse, Jack Garland, Kilak Kesha, Paul Morrow, Leo Lam, Hannah Elstub, Allan Cala, Amy Spark, Cristian Palmiere, Simon Stables
Diagnosing death due to drowning can be difficult, and several postmortem findings have been postulated to aid the diagnosis. Increased lung weights are often seen in drowning deaths. Lung-body (LB) ratio was described to be the best anatomical lung measurement in diagnosing drowning. Postmortem vitreous humor sodium and chloride (PMVSC) was reported to be a useful biochemical test in diagnosing saltwater drowning when the immersion time is less than 1 hour (SWD1). The presented study compared the diagnostic accuracies between LB ratio, PMVSC, and their combination in diagnosing SWD1 in 20 SWD1 and 50 nonimmersion deaths...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768710/improving-the-safety-of-high-dose-methotrexate-for-children-with-hematologic-cancers-in-settings-without-access-to-mtx-levels-using-extended-hydration-and-additional-leucovorin
#9
Kalthi Vaishnavi, Deepak Bansal, Amita Trehan, Richa Jain, Savita Verma Attri
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to methotrexate levels is common in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), relevant for 80% of children with cancer worldwide. We evaluated whether high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) can be administered safely with extended hydration and leucovorin rescue, with monitoring of serum creatinine and urine pH. METHODS: The prospective study was conducted at a single centre in Chandigarh, India in 2015. Patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or with T-cell ALL or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (T-NHL) were administered 3 and 5 gm/m2 of MTX (24 hr infusion), respectively...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768253/effect-of-yeast-extract-addition-to-a-mineral-salts-medium-containing-hydrolyzed-plant-xylan-on-fungal-pullulan-production
#10
Daniel E Kennedy Ii, Thomas P West
The ability of the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC 42023 to produce pullulan from yeast extract-supplemented xylan hydrolysates of the prairie grass prairie cordgrass was examined relative to polysaccharide and cell biomass production, yield, and pullulan content of the polysaccharide. A pullulan concentration of 11.2 g L-1 and yield of 0.79 g g-1 was produced by ATCC 42023 when grown for 168 h at 30°C on the phosphate-buffered hydrolysate supplemented with yeast extract. The highest biomass level being 8...
May 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767976/hopper-growth-of-salt-crystals
#11
Julie Desarnaud, Hannelore Derluyn, Jan Carmeliet, Daniel Bonn, Noushine Shahidzadeh
The growth of hopper crystals is observed for many substances, but the mechanism of their formation remains ill understood. Here we investigate their growth by performing evaporation experiments on small volumes of salt solutions. We show that sodium chloride crystals that grow very fast from a highly supersaturated solution form a peculiar form of hopper crystal consisting of a series of connected miniature versions of the original cubic crystal. The transition between cubic and such hopper growth happens at a well-defined supersaturation where the growth rate of the cubic crystal reaches a maximum ( 6...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765717/crystal-structures-of-e-1-naphthaldehyde-oxime-and-e-phenanthrene-9-carbaldehyde-oxime
#12
Jamal Lasri, Katherine Chulvi, Naser Eltaher Eltayeb
The aldoximes C11 H9 NO (I) and C15 H11 NO (II), synthesized in ca 90% yield, by treatment of 1-naphthaldehyde or phenanthrene-9-carbaldehyde, respectively, with hydroxyl-amine hydro-chloride and sodium carbonate, have been characterized by IR, 1 H, 13 C and DEPT-135 NMR spectroscopies, and also by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The mol-ecules of (I) and (II) are conformationally similar, with the aldoxime substituent groups lying outside the planes of the naphthalene or phenanthrene rings, forming dihedral angles with them of 23...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759248/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-human-nails-to-find-correlation-between-nutrients-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-using-libs-and-icp-aes
#13
M A Almessiere, R Altuwiriqi, M A Gondal, R K AlDakheel, H F Alotaibi
In this work, we analysed human fingernails of people who suffer from vitamin D deficiency using the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy(LIBS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES)techniques. The measurements have been conducted on 71 nail samples collected randomly from volunteers of different genders and ages ranged between 20 and 50 years. The main aim of this study is to find the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and the intensity of some dominated lines in the LIBS spectra...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757172/spectrophotometric-determination-of-triclosan-based-on-diazotization-reaction-response-surface-optimization-using-box-behnken-design
#14
Inderpreet Kaur, Sonal Gaba, Sukhraj Kaur, Rajeev Kumar, Jyoti Chawla
A spectrophotometric method based on diazotization of aniline with triclosan has been developed for the determination of triclosan in water samples. The diazotization process involves two steps: (1) reaction of aniline with sodium nitrite in an acidic medium to form diazonium ion and (2) reaction of diazonium ion with triclosan to form a yellowish-orange azo compound in an alkaline medium. The resulting yellowish-orange product has a maximum absorption at 352 nm which allows the determination of triclosan in aqueous solution in the linear concentration range of 0...
May 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757121/management-of-electrolyte-disorders-also-the-method-matters
#15
Joris Richard Delanghe
INTRODUCTION: For the last few decades, electrolyte determinations in plasma or serum are carried out by reliable potentiometric methods. In recent years, a marked technical evolution has taken place, where the clinical analysis of common analytes (e.g. electrolytes) is partly moving from centralised clinical core laboratories to near-patient point-of-care testing. METHODS: As the measuring principle used by point-of-care testing markedly differs from the one used in core laboratories, sodium results are not always interchangeable in critically ill patients due to the different sensitivity of the analytical methods for the electrolyte exclusion effect...
May 14, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756236/an-ultrahigh-output-rechargeable-electrode-of-a-hydrophilic-radical-polymer-nanocarbon-hybrid-with-an-exceptionally-large-current-density-beyond-1-a-cm-2
#16
Kan Hatakeyama-Sato, Hisato Wakamatsu, Ryu Katagiri, Kenichi Oyaizu, Hiroyuki Nishide
Facile charge transport by a hydrophilic organic radical-substituted polymer and the 3D current collection by a self-assembled mesh of single-walled carbon nanotube bundles lead to the operation of an ultrahigh-output rechargeable electrode. Exceptionally large current density beyond 1 A cm-2 and high areal capacity around 3 mAh cm-2 are achieved, which are 101-2 times larger than those of the previously reported so-called "ultrafast electrodes." A sub-millimeter-thick, flexible, highly safe organic redox polymer-based rechargeable device with an aqueous sodium chloride electrolyte is fabricated to demonstrate the superior performance...
May 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753932/evaluating-the-effect-of-different-draw-solutes-in-a-baffled-osmotic-membrane-bioreactor-microfiltration-using-optical-coherence-tomography-with-real-wastewater
#17
Nirenkumar Pathak, Luca Fortunato, Sheng Li, Laura Chekli, Sherub Phuntsho, Noreddine Ghaffour, TorOve Leiknes, Ho Kyong Shon
This study investigated the performance of an integrated osmotic and microfiltration membrane bioreactor for real sewage employing baffles in the reactor. To study the biofouling development on forward osmosis membranes optical coherence tomography (OCT) technique was employed. On-line monitoring of biofilm growth on a flat sheet cellulose triacetate forward osmosis (CTA-FO) membrane was conducted for 21 days. Further, the process performance was evaluated in terms of water flux, organic and nutrient removal, microbial activity in terms of soluble microbial products (SMP) and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), and floc size...
May 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751905/liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-analysis-of-n-3-aminopropyl-n-dodecylpropane-1-3-diamine-a-biocidal-disinfectant-in-dairy-products
#18
Kahina Slimani, Yvette Pirotais, Pierre Maris, Jean-Pierre Abjean, Dominique Hurtaud-Pessel
A novel and reliable method to quantify residual levels of N-(3-aminopropyl)-N-dodecylpropane-1,3-diamine in dairy products using ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and fully validated. Sample extraction was done with salting-out technique using acetonitrile and sodium chloride. For LC-MS/MS, the analyte was detected using positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) and two multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions were monitored. The method was validated in the 5-150 µg kg-1 range using total error approach...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750923/ion-channel-modulators-in-cystic-fibrosis
#19
REVIEW
Martina Gentzsch, Marcus A Mall
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and remains one of the most common life-shortening genetic diseases affecting the lung and other organs. CFTR functions as a cAMP-dependent anion channel that transports chloride and bicarbonate across epithelial surfaces and disruption of these ion transport processes plays a central role in the pathogenesis of CF. These findings provided the rationale for pharmacological modulation of ion transport, either by targeting mutant CFTR or alternative ion channels that can compensate for CFTR dysfunction, as a promising therapeutic approach...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749415/layer-by-layer-assembly-of-nanorods-on-a-microsphere-via-electrostatic-interactions
#20
Liuyang Zhang, Lu Zhu, Steven R Larson, Yiping Zhao, Xianqiao Wang
Combining coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations and experiments, a systematic study on both the dynamics and equilibrium behavior of the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of charged nanorods (NRs) onto a charged microsphere (MS) via electrostatic interactions has been carried out. The adsorption of the first layer of NRs on the MS follows a growth-saturation dynamics. The adsorption rate is governed by a diffusion limited process when the NR concentration (CNR) is low, while the rate is independent of CNR when CNR is high...
May 11, 2018: Soft Matter
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