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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141727/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-india-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-presumptive-tuberculosis-patients
#1
Stefan F Weber, Kavitha Saravu, Tom Heller, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Shashidhar Vishwanath, Stephan Gehring, Sabine Bélard, And Pocus Eti Study Group
Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is challenging. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated EPTB is applied in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at evaluating the applicability of POCUS for diagnosing EPTB in HIV-positive and HIV-negative presumptive tuberculosis (TB) patients in India, a country of moderate relative TB and HIV burden. Presumptive TB patients at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India, prospectively underwent POCUS evaluating for pericardial, pleural and ascitic effusion, abdominal lymphadenopathy, and hepatic and splenic microabscesses...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139101/-endobronchial-ultrasound-ebus-an-update-2017
#2
K Darwiche, F Özkan, C Wolters, S Eisenmann
Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) with the two modalities curved and radial EBUS significantly improved the diagnostics in several pulmonary diseases. The examination and staging of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes in patients with known or suspected lung malignancy as well as the evaluation of unknown pulmonary or mediastinal lesions can be achieved with minimal invasive means when using EBUS. More invasive surgical procedures for diagnostic purposes can be omitted. The diagnostic yield also increases when EBUS is applied in sarcoidosis or mediastinal lymph node tuberculosis but only to some extend in case of lymphoma...
November 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137875/contribution-of-11-c-choline-pet-ct-in-prostate-carcinoma-biochemical-relapse-with-serum-psa-level-below-1-ng-ml
#3
F J Gómez-de la Fuente, I Martínez-Rodríguez, M de Arcocha-Torres, R Quirce, J Jiménez-Bonilla, N Martínez-Amador, I Banzo
OBJECTIVE: (11)C-choline PET/CT has demonstrated good results in the restaging of prostate cancer (PCa) with high serum prostate specific antigen (PSA), but its use in patients with low serum PSA is controversial. Our aim was to evaluate the contribution of (11)C-choline PET/CT in patients with PCa, biochemical relapse and PSA <1 ng/ml. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty consecutive patients (mean age: 65.9±5.6 years) with biochemical relapse of PCa and serum PSA <1ng/ml were evaluated retrospectively...
November 11, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135200/overview-of-silica-related-clusters-in-the-united-states-will-fracking-operations-become-the-next-cluster
#4
M Thomas Quail
Silicosis is the oldest know occupational pulmonary disease. It is a progressive disease and any level of exposure to respirable crystalline silica particles or dust has the potential to develop into silicosis. Silicosis is caused by silica particles or dust entering the lungs and damaging healthy lung tissue. The damage restricts the ability to breathe. Exposure to silica increases a worker’s risk of developing cancer or tuberculosis. This special report will provide background history of silicosis in the U...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135152/-masks-of-urogenital-tuberculosis-as-the-cause-of-diagnostic-errors
#5
D P Kholtobin, E K Kulchavenya
Urogenital tuberculosis does not have pathognomonic symptoms, so diagnostic errors are quite common. This systematic review of literature was conducted to identify the causes and estimate the incidence of erroneous diagnoses. We critically evaluated some articles in which the authors describe observations of urogenital tuberculosis as rare and unusual because they never encountered this disease, but in fact that were typical manifestations of genitourinary tuberculosis. The authors analyzed and illustrated the features of urinary tuberculosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, differential diagnosis of urogenital tuberculosis and kidney cancer and male genitourinary organs, described errors in the diagnosis of urethral, testicular, penile, prostatic and epididymal tuberculosis...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132203/coexistence-of-metastatic-thyroid-cancer-and-tuberculosis-in-a-single-neck-lymph-node-a-rare-association
#6
Kyueng-Whan Min, Dong-Hoon Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Jin Hee Sohn, Kyoung Min Moon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125580/structural-diversity-biological-properties-and-applications-of-natural-products-from-cyanobacteria-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Sayed Asmat Ali Shah, Najeeb Akhter, Bibi Nazia Auckloo, Ishrat Khan, Yanbin Lu, Kuiwu Wang, Bin Wu, Yue-Wei Guo
Nowadays, various drugs on the market are becoming more and more resistant to numerous diseases, thus declining their efficacy for treatment purposes in human beings. Antibiotic resistance is one among the top listed threat around the world which eventually urged the discovery of new potent drugs followed by an increase in the number of deaths caused by cancer due to chemotherapy resistance as well. Accordingly, marine cyanobacteria, being the oldest prokaryotic microorganisms belonging to a monophyletic group, have proven themselves as being able to generate pharmaceutically important natural products...
November 10, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113814/plasma-cell-free-dna-level-and-its-integrity-as-biomarkers-to-distinguish-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-from-tuberculosis
#8
Shaoyi Leng, Jianjun Zheng, Yinhua Jin, Hongbin Zhang, Ya Zhu, Jing Wu, Yan Xu, Puhong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109875/a-severe-case-of-tuberculosis-radiologically-and-endoscopically-mimicking-colorectal-cancer-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#9
Timo Rath, Raja Atreya, Walter Geißdörfer, Roland Lang, Andreas Nägel, Markus F Neurath
Although generally rising in incidence, intestinal tuberculosis is still rare in western countries and due to unspecific manifestations mainly as ulcerations on endoscopy, diagnosis of intestinal tuberculosis is challenging. Within this report, we describe a case of severe intestinal tuberculosis radiologically and endoscopically masquerading as colorectal cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Our case exemplifies that intestinal tuberculosis needs to be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients at risk and that undelayed and sensitive diagnosis of intestinal tuberculosis is of central importance for avoiding unfavorable disease outcome...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102433/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-non-skeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-randomised-trials
#10
REVIEW
Philippe Autier, Patrick Mullie, Alina Macacu, Miruna Dragomir, Magali Boniol, Kim Coppens, Cécile Pizot, Mathieu Boniol
Randomised trials reported up to Dec 31, 2012, did not confirm that vitamin D supplementation could protect from non-skeletal health conditions affecting adults, as was expected on the basis of data from observational studies. To examine whether the more recently published meta-analyses and trials would change past conclusions, we systematically reviewed meta-analyses of vitamin D supplementation and non-skeletal disorders published between Jan 1, 2013, and May 31, 2017, that included study participants of all ages, including pregnant women...
October 25, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101806/tetrandrine-and-cancer-an-overview-on-the-molecular-approach
#11
REVIEW
Bhagya N, Chandrashekar K R
Tetrandrine has been known in the treatment of tuberculosis, hyperglycemia, negative ionotropic and chronotropic effects on myocardium, malaria, cancer and fever since years together. It has been known that, tetrandrine could modulate multiple signaling molecules such as kinases of cell cycle and rat sarcoma (RAS) pathway along with proteins of tumor suppressor genes, autophagy related, β-catenins, caspases, and death receptors. Moreover, tetrandrine exhibited reversal of drug resistance by modulating P-glyco protein (P-gp) expression levels in different cancers which is an added advantage of this compound compared to other chemotherapy drugs...
November 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100962/metabolic-features-of-macrophages-in-inflammatory-diseases-and-cancer
#12
Yi Rang Na, Sungmo Je, Seung Hyeok Seok
Macrophages are now considered to be important players in various inflammatory diseases as well as tumor progression. Emerging evidence reveals that macrophage metabolic features are deeply associated with their immune functions. Understanding the interaction between cellular metabolism and immune signaling pathways in macrophages can help us to develop appropriate therapeutic approaches for inflammatory diseases. In this review, we briefly summarize key metabolic features of M1 and M2 macrophages as well as signaling interactions between major metabolic molecules with TLRs and NLRs...
November 1, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100221/treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-patients-have-fewer-gut-homing-%C3%AE-7-memory-cd4-t-cells-than-healthy-controls
#13
Nada Fadul, Jacob Couturier, Xiaoying Yu, Claudia Kozinetz, Roberto Arduino, Dorothy E Lewis
OBJECTIVES: The integrin α4β7 is the gut-homing receptor for lymphocytes. It also is an important co-receptor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) via glycoprotein (gp)120 binding. Depletion of gut cluster of differentiation (CD)4 T cells is linked to chronic inflammation in patients with HIV; however, measuring CD4 cells in the gut is invasive and not routine. As such, establishing a peripheral marker for CD4 depletion of the gut is needed. We hypothesized that α4β7 CD4 T cells are depleted in the peripheral blood of treatment-naïve patients with HIV compared with healthy controls...
November 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095265/identification-of-differential-expressed-pe-exosomal-mirna-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-tuberculosis-and-other-benign-lesions
#14
Yan Wang, Yan-Mei Xu, Ye-Qing Zou, Jin Lin, Bo Huang, Jing Liu, Jing Li, Jing Zhang, Wei-Ming Yang, Qing-Hua Min, Shu-Qi Li, Qiu-Fang Gao, Fan Sun, Qing-Gen Chen, Lei Zhang, Yu-Huan Jiang, Li-Bin Deng, Xiao-Zhong Wang
Pleural effusion (PE) is a common clinical complication of many pulmonary and systemic diseases, including lung cancer and tuberculosis. Nevertheless, there is no clinical effective biomarker to identify the cause of PE. We attempted to investigate differential expressed exosomal miRNAs in PEs of lung adenocarcinoma (APE), tuberculous (TPE), and other benign lesions (NPE) by using deep sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). As a result, 171 differentiated miRNAs were observed in 3 groups of PEs, and 11 significantly differentiated exosomal miRNAs were validated by qRT-PCR...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093394/mycobacterium-bovis-induced-aneurysm-after-intravesical-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-therapy-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#15
Yoshitsugu Higashi, Shigeki Nakamura, Kento Kidani, Kaoru Matumoto, Koyomi Kawago, Junko Isobe, Junichi Kanatani, Yukio Kawagishi, Ippei Sakamaki, Yoshihiro Yamamoto
Mycobacterium bovis infection after intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy is rare. A 65-year-old Japanese man with history of bladder cancer and intravesical BCG therapy, presented with low-grade fever. An aneurysm with perianeurysmal fluid was suspected and endovascular aortic repair was performed. After 160 days, he developed blood-streaked sputum and computed tomography images revealed that the perianeurysmal fluid area was increasing in size. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction using sputum identified M...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078639/nodal-upstaging-effects-of-instrumentation-and-three-dimensional-view-in-clinical-stage-i-lung-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Alper Toker, Mehmet Oğuzhan Özyurtkan, Erkan Kaba
Nodal upstaging after surgical intervention for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is defined as the presence of unsuspected pathologic hilar (pN1) or mediastinal (pN2) disease detected during the final histopathologic evaluation of surgical specimens. The prevalence of pathologic nodal upstaging is used as a quality measure for the definition of the completeness of the nodal dissection. Risk factors for nodal upstaging may be patient-related (history of tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes mellitus), or tumor-related (central tumor, higher T stage, higher SUVmax value, or adenocarcinoma)...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073778/bronchial-artery-embolization-first-line-option-for-managing-massive-hemoptysis
#17
Yutaka Miyano, Masato Kanzaki, Takamasa Onuki
Background Today, treatment for hemoptysis is not limited to surgery, and among the various options, bronchial artery embolization is regarded as an effective approach. Methods In this retrospective study, 179 of 389 patients with massive hemoptysis were treated with bronchial artery embolization, without taking into account the underlying pathological lesions responsible (bronchiectasis in 41, aspergilloma in 29, lung cancer in 25, old tuberculosis in 23, pyothorax in 19, others in 23). Results Bronchial artery embolization failed in 12 cases...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069025/head-and-neck-cancer-associated-with-increased-rate-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Shih-Wei Lai, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
The objective of this study was to examine the incidence and hazard ratio (HR) of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with head and neck cancer in Taiwan.This population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. There were 2522 subjects aged 20 to 84 years with newly diagnosed head and neck cancer as the head and neck cancer group between 2000 and 2012, and 10,064 randomly selected sex- and age-matched subjects without any cancer as the noncancer group...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067512/bronchial-artery-embolization-with-large-sized-700-900%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5m-tris-acryl-microspheres-embosphere-for-massive-hemoptysis-long-term-results-clinical-research
#19
Fahrettin Kucukay, Osman Melih Topcuoglu, Ayhan Alpar, Çetin Murat Altay, Murat Bulent Kucukay, Nilgun Isiksalan Ozbulbul
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety, efficacy and long-term results of bronchial artery embolization with microsphere particles (Embosphere(®) Microspheres, BioSphere Medical, Rockland, MA) 700-900 µm in size for massive hemoptysis. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four patients (94 female, 80 male; mean age 39.4 ± 5.7) who had bronchial artery embolization for massive hemoptysis between January 2010 and October 2015 were incorporated in the study. Patients had hemoptysis with a mean volume of 525 ± 150 mL (median 500 mL, range 300-1200 mL) over a 24-h period...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061956/oxycodone-resistance-due-to-rifampin-use-in-an-osteosarcoma-patient-with-tuberculosis
#20
Akio Sakamoto, Manato Yamashita, Yuta Hori, Takeshi Okamoto, Atsushi Shimizu, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid receptor agonist, and is frequently used for pain control in patients with cancer. Most oxycodone is metabolized by N-demethylation to noroxycodone by CYP3A. Rifampin is a strong inducer of several drug-metabolizing enzymes, including CYP3A. Hence, rifampin-induced CYP3A activity may decrease the effect of oxycodone. CASE REPORT Osteosarcoma is a highly aggressive primary bone tumor of childhood and adolescence. Here, we report a 30-year-old male with osteosarcoma of the femur with lung metastases in the upper lobe...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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