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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781683/tuberculosis-non-communicable-disease-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-in-public-primary-care-patients-in-south-africa
#1
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773323/primary-laryngeal-tuberculosis-our-experiences-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#2
Santosh Kumar Swain, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Primary laryngeal tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial infection of the larynx by Mycobacterium tuberculosis without affecting the lungs. It is a rare type of extrapulmonary tuberculosis seen in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of primary laryngeal tuberculosis at a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 11 cases of primary laryngeal tuberculosis managed between December 2013 and January 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765542/smar1-inhibits-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-and-prevents-colorectal-cancer-progression
#3
Nandaraj Taye, Aftab Alam, Suvankar Ghorai, Deya Ghosh Chatterji, Apoorva Parulekar, Devraj Mogare, Snahlata Singh, Pallabi Sengupta, Subhrangsu Chatterjee, Manoj Kumar Bhat, Manas Kumar Santra, Prabhakar Budha Salunkhe, Susan Kling Finston, Samit Chattopadhyay
Reduced expression of Scaffold/Matrix Attachment Region Binding Protein 1 (SMAR1) is associated with various cancers resulting in poor prognosis of the diseases. However, the precise underlying mechanism elucidating the loss of SMAR1 requires ongoing study. Here, we show that SMAR1 is highly downregulated during aberrant Wnt3a signaling due to proteasomal degradation and predicted poor prognosis of colorectal cancer. However, substitution mutation (Arginine and Lysine to Alanine) in the D-box elements of SMAR1 viz...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754134/surprising-pathological-and-clinical-manifestations-of-miliary-tuberculosis
#4
Kamonkiat Wirunsawanya, Dennis Thomas Bolger
We report a surprising pathological finding of miliary tuberculosis (TB) in a 49-year-old Chuukese, immunocompetent woman who was initially admitted to the hospital for a 1-month duration of chronic abdominal pain and intermittent fevers. Her clinical symptoms did not improve despite treatment with vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam. Based on the primary abdominal CT findings suggesting advanced ovarian cancer with omental metastatic disease, further workup with omental core biopsy was performed and demonstrated acute neutrophilic necrosis without malignant cells or granulomata...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746481/disease-specific-out-of-pocket-and-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-hospitalization-in-india-do-indian-households-face-distress-health-financing
#5
Anshul Kastor, Sanjay K Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) coupled with increasing injuries have resulted in a significant increase in health spending in India. While out-of-pocket expenditure remains the major source of health care financing in India (two-thirds of the total health spending), the financial burden varies enormously across diseases and by the economic well-being of the households. Though prior studies have examined the variation in disease pattern, little is known about the financial risk to the families by type of diseases in India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746303/acquired-low-cholesterol-diagnosis-and-relevance-to-safety-of-low-ldl-therapeutic-targets
#6
Handrean Soran, Jan Hoong Ho, Paul N Durrington
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acquired hypocholesterolaemia occurs more commonly than inherited hypocholesterolaemia but has received little attention in the literature. In this review, we discuss the causes and underlying mechanisms of acquired hypocholesterolaemia and its relevance to safety of therapeutically induced decreased LDL cholesterol levels. RECENT FINDINGS: Hypocholesterolaemia is increasingly identified as cholesterol testing becomes more widespread in the assessment of cardiovascular risk...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745901/review-of-the-systems-biology-of-the-immune-system-using-agent-based-models
#7
REVIEW
Snehal B Shinde, Manish P Kurhekar
The immune system is an inherent protection system in vertebrate animals including human beings that exhibit properties such as self-organisation, self-adaptation, learning, and recognition. It interacts with the other allied systems such as the gut and lymph nodes. There is a need for immune system modelling to know about its complex internal mechanism, to understand how it maintains the homoeostasis, and how it interacts with the other systems. There are two types of modelling techniques used for the simulation of features of the immune system: equation-based modelling (EBM) and agent-based modelling...
June 2018: IET Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742855/abdominal-sarcoidosis-mimicking-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#8
Won Seok Roh, Seungho Lee, Ji Hyun Park, Jeonghyun Kang
We present a patient diagnosed with skin sarcoidosis, breast cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, and peritoneal sarcoidosis with a past history of colorectal cancer. During stage work up for breast cancer, suspicious lesions on peritoneum were observed in imaging studies. Considering our patient's history and imaging findings, we initially suspected peritoneal carcinomatosis. However, the peritoneal lesion was diagnosed as sarcoidosis in laparoscopic biopsy. This case demonstrates that abdominal sarcoidosis might be considered as a differential diagnosis when there is a lesion suspected of being peritoneal carcinomatosis with nontypical clinical presentations...
April 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740727/the-first-case-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-induced-small-vessel-central-nervous-system-vasculitis
#9
REVIEW
Marc-Etienne Parent, Maxime Richer, Patrick Liang
To present an unrecognized vascular complication of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy administered for superficial bladder carcinoma. We also review the potential mimickers for primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) as well as complications of intravesical BCG therapy. An 89-year-old Caucasian man with a history of relapsing high-grade bladder carcinoma treated with intravesical BCG presented with recurring episodes of right upper limb paresthesia with clumsiness and dysarthria. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head revealed multiple predominantly left-sided frontotemporal micronodular peri-vascular lesions...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736664/tuberculosis-mimicking-disseminated-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-a-sigmoid-carcinoma
#10
Tim Fahlbusch, Beat Künzli, Renate Schlottmann, Andrea Tannapfel, Waldemar Uhl, Chris Braumann
BACKGROUND: A 76-year-old Moroccan patient with a medical history of sigmoid carcinoma suffered from weight loss of 15 kg and abdominal pain. Laparoscopy showed disseminated miliary peritoneal lesions, prima vista suspicious for disseminated peritoneal cancer spread. METHODS: Patient's medical history was reprocessed and compared to recent literature via PubMed. RESULTS: Pathological evaluation revealed granulomas and an infection with miliary intraabdominal tuberculosis (TB) was proven...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727705/relation-between-lower-respiratory-tract-microbiota-and-type-of-immune-response-against-tuberculosis
#11
Maede Nakhaee, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Reza Basiri, Saman Soleimanpour, Kiarash Ghazvini
In this study, the interaction between the microbiota of the lower respiratory tract and the type of immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis were studied. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples of 10 tuberculosis (TB) patients and 5 cases suspected of lung cancer as control were obtained. Clinical symptoms were recorded for the TB patients. Serial dilutions of samples were prepared and cultured on a selective medium in order to count Streptococcus spp., Neisseria spp., Haemophilus spp. and Veillonella in the lung...
May 1, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721208/circulating-and-tumor-associated-caspase-4-a-novel-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarker-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Michela Terlizzi, Chiara Colarusso, Ilaria De Rosa, Nicolina De Rosa, Pasquale Somma, Carlo Curcio, Alessandro Zamparelli Sanduzzi, Pietro Micheli, Antonio Molino, Antonello Saccomanno, Rosario Salvi, Rita P Aquino, Aldo Pinto, Rosalinda Sorrentino
Late diagnosis limits therapeutic options and survival rate of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Therefore the identification of biomarkers represents an emerging medical need. A highly sensitive and specific test was developed to identify/quantify a novel/selective diagnostic biomarker for NSCLC patients, caspase-4. This test was validated by using i) plasma from 125 NSCLC patients and 79 healthy (non-pathological) subjects, ii) plasma from 139 smokers and iii) from 70 chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709049/pulmonary-tuberculosis-mimicking-lung-cancer-progression-after-10-years-of-cancer-remission
#13
Justyna Fijołek, Elżbieta Wiatr, Małgorzata Polubiec-Kownacka, Katarzyna Błasińska-Przerwa, Małgorzata Szołkowska, Ewa Szczepulska-Wójcik, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
Differentiation between pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer is often challenging for clinicians, especially that both conditions can coexist. This is due to the fact that the clinical and radiological symptoms of both diseases can be similar. Our case report presents a patient who was treated for advanced lung cancer 10 years earlier and currently has been hospitalized again because of a strong clinical and radiological suspicion of the cancer progression, but whose final diagnosis was tuberculosis.
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702078/therapeutic-efficacy-of-the-live-attenuated-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-vaccine-mtbvac-in-a-preclinical-model-of-bladder-cancer
#14
Samuel Alvarez-Arguedas, Santiago Uranga, Manuel Martín, Javier Elizalde, Ana Belen Gomez, Esther Julián, Denise Nardelli-Haefliger, Carlos Martín, Nacho Aguilo
Intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been a first-line therapy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer for the last 4 decades. However, this treatment causes serious adverse events in a significant number of patients and a substantial percentage of recurrence episodes. MTBVAC is a live-attenuated vaccine derived from a Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolate and is currently under evaluation in clinical trials to replace BCG as a tuberculosis vaccine. Here, we describe for the first time the potential of MTBVAC as a bladder cancer therapy in vitro and in vivo in a preclinical model...
April 6, 2018: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#15
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676622/low-to-moderate-arsenic-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-american-indian-communities
#16
Martha Powers, Tiffany R Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G Best, Jason Umans, Robert H Brown, Ana Navas-Acien
RATIONALE: Exposure to inorganic arsenic, through drinking naturally-contaminated water, is an established cause of lung cancer. Evidence on the impact of arsenic exposure on lung function, however, is less conclusive. The evidence available, mostly from populations exposed to water arsenic levels >100 μg/L, suggests that arsenic exposure is associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies and studies examining low-to-moderate levels of water arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L) the level relevant for U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670497/comparing-the-differential-diagnostic-values-of-18-f-alfatide-ii-pet-ct-between-tuberculosis-and-lung-cancer-patients
#17
Xiaoqing Du, Yu Zhang, Liping Chen, Baoming Mi, Qingjun You, Yuping Xu, Donghui Pan, Weixing Wan, Min Yang, Chunjing Yu
Purpose: To compare the differential diagnostic values of 18 F-Alfatide II PET/CT between tuberculosis and lung cancer patients and in patients with sarcoidosis and common inflammation. Methods: Nine inflammation patients (4 tuberculosis, 3 sarcoidosis, and 2 common inflammation) and 11 lung cancer patients were included in this study. All patients underwent 18 F-FDG and 18 F-Alfatide II PET/CT within 2 weeks, followed by biopsy and surgery. The maximized standard uptake value (SUVmax) and the mean standard uptake value (SUVmean) were evaluated...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668128/tuberculosis-associated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-antagonists-case-description-and-analysis-of-reported-cases-in-colombia
#18
Leandro Galvis, Ángel Y Sánchez, Leonardo F Jurado, Martha I Murcia
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important fundamental cytokine during the immune response against cancer and infections such as tuberculosis. This molecule also plays a key pathogenic role in complex and difficult-to-treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis and ulcerative colitis. The treatment of these diseases frequently needs TNF-α antagonists, which has been related to an increased risk of developing tuberculosis, mycoses, and other severe infections...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659851/causes-of-death-at-the-university-of-ghana-hospital-in-accra-a-37-year-review-1979-2015
#19
Edward K Sutherland, Gloria A Ansa, Frank Baiden, Enoch N B Quaye, Afua A Amoabeng, Christian Amenuveve
Background: An analysis of the causes of death in developing countries is needed to improve healthcare delivery. The aim of this study was to conduct a descriptive analysis of the causes of death at the University of Ghana Hospital from 1979 to 2015. Methods: Data were extracted from the electronic database of the University of Ghana Hospital. Diseases were grouped into three broad groups of causes of death as per the Global Burden of Disease cause list, with some diseases of epidemiological importance outlined and analysed by age, gender and time in years...
April 5, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657943/the-relationship-between-tuberculosis-and-lung-cancer
#20
Masoud Keikha, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
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